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Results 151 - 200 of 1249
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Out Dorothée - - 2012
This is the first study on adults' physiological reactivity to infant cry sounds and the association with intended harsh parenting using salivary α-amylase (sAA) as a novel and noninvasive marker of autonomic nervous system activity. The sample consisted of 184 adult twin pairs. In an experimental design, cry sounds were ...
Moore Elisabeth P - - 2012
Our patient's sleepless parents sought care for their infant's mysteriously injured toes.
Brecht Carrie C Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Psychology, PGSP-Stanford Psy.D. - - 2012
Premature birth has been associated with a number of adverse maternal psychological outcomes that include depression, anxiety, and trauma as well as adverse effects on maternal coping ability and parenting style. Infants and children who were premature are more likely to have poorer cognitive and developmental functioning and, thus, may ...
Demers Lindsay B - - 2012
A total of 122 parent-infant dyads were observed as they watched a familiar or novel infant-directed video in a laboratory setting. Infants were between 12-15 and 18-21 months old. Infants were more likely to look toward the TV immediately following their parents' look toward the TV. This apparent social influence on ...
Muzik Maria M Department of Psychiatry and Depression Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2701, USA. - - 2013
Our goal was to examine the trajectory of bonding impairment across the first 6 months postpartum in the context of maternal risk, including maternal history of childhood abuse and neglect and postpartum psychopathology, and to test the association between self-reported bonding impairment and observed positive parenting behaviors. In a sample of ...
Murray A L - - 2012
To identify demographic and relationship characteristics associated with paternity establishment for children born to adolescent mothers. PARTICIPANTS, SETTING, AND DESIGN: This prospective cohort study included 300 pregnant adolescents 12-19 years old, presenting for prenatal care between March 2002 and February 2005. Demographic and relationship characteristics were compared based on paternity ...
Hyde Rebecca - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:To determine whether maternal report of infant behavioral dysregulation at 6 months is associated with a higher prevalence of behavioral concerns at 5, 14, and 21 years of age; and to assess the extent to which maternal and social factors may affect reported child behavior outcomes.METHODS:From the Mater-University of Queensland ...
Santos Hellen Geremias Dos - - 2012
This study compared risk factors for infant mortality in 2000-2001 and 2007-2008 in Londrina, Paraná State, Brazil. Data on live births and infant deaths were linked in a single database, and a hierarchical regression model was used. Distal risk factors for infant mortality in 2000-2001 were maternal age < 20 ...
Uzun Aysun Kara - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the risk factors of adolescent pregnancies and to ascertain the effects of this condition on the maternal and infant outcomes. Methods: The study was carried out on 100 adolescent mothers less than 20 years of age and on a same number of adult mothers between 22 ...
Chen Han-Yang - - 2012
Objective We assessed the association among gestational age (GA) at birth, timing of death, and risk status of the pregnancy and racial/ethnic disparities in infant mortality rate in the United States.Study Design We utilized U.S. 2000 to 2004 birth cohort-linked birth and infant death data restricted to nonanomalous singleton live births. Multivariable ...
Fotso Jean Christophe - - 2012
Summary The majority of studies of the birth spacing-child survival relationship rely on retrospective data, which are vulnerable to errors that might bias results. The relationship is re-assessed using prospective data on 13,502 children born in two Nairobi slums between 2003 and 2009. Nearly 48% were first births. Among the ...
Cheong Jeanie Ly - - 2012
Preterm birth rates in Australia have risen in the last two decades, mostly accounted for by the rise in late preterm births. Late preterm births (34-36 weeks) comprise 70% of all preterm births, which translates to approximately 16 000 births annually in Australia. The precise causes for this trend are unclear; however, ...
White-Traut Rosemary - - 2012
Although sensitive maternal behaviors improve later quality of mother-infant interaction and subsequently infant development, little is known regarding how an intervention might promote early premature infant social interactive behavior. This study compared the frequency of premature infant engagement and disengagement behaviors during two maternally administered interventions, the multi-sensory auditory, tactile, ...
Manar Jijene - - 2012
Israeli-Arab birthing mothers use epidural anesthesia in labor markedly less than their Israeli-Jewish counterparts. This study modeled the mothers' choice to agree to epidural anesthesia or not, using the Ajzen and Madden Theory of Reasoned Action. A convenience sample of one hundred was drawn from women coming to two hospitals ...
Abdelhamid Adel E - - 2012
Thrombotic disease of the newborn is uncommon but usually associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Although the operating mechanisms of coagulation and fibrinolysis are the same in all age groups, plasma concentrations of the two systems' components are significantly different in neonates compared to children and adults. This places neonates ...
El-Khuffash Afif F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants causes profound hemodynamic changes that can result in low cardiac output syndrome and hypotension. The effect of PDA ligation on left ventricular myocardial function has not been studied using tissue Doppler and myocardial deformation imaging, mainly because of the ...
Kaempf Joseph W - - 2012
: Delayed umbilical cord clamping is reported to increase neonatal blood volume. We estimated the clinical outcomes in premature neonates who had delayed umbilical cord clamping compared with a similar group who had early umbilical cord clamping. : This was a before-after investigation comparing early umbilical cord clamping with delayed ...
Kaltner Melissa - - 2012
This study describes the incidence of head injuries caused by abuse in an Australian infant sample. The frequency of abusive head trauma established by the study is comparable with that reported both internationally and for age-incidence peaks of alternate forms of childhood injury, highlighting the need for investment in prevention ...
Leviton Alan - - 2012
The unresponsiveness of the full-term newborn is sometimes attributed to asphyxia, even when no severe physiologic disturbance occurred during labor and delivery. The controversy about whether to use the name "hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy" or "newborn encephalopathy" has recently flared in publications directed toward pediatricians and neurologists. In this clinic opinion piece, ...
Barrett Michael Joseph - - 2012
We discuss possible aetiological factors, MRI evolution of injury and neuro-developmental outcomes of neonatal encephalopathy (NE). Thirty-six consecutive infants diagnosed with NE were included. In this cohort, four infants (11%) were identified with injury predominantly in the deep white matter on MRI who were significantly of younger gestation, lower birthweight ...
McKechnie Liz - - 2012
Enlargement of the cerebral ventricles (ventriculomegaly) occurs in 1-2 per 1000 live births. Ventriculomegaly is frequently diagnosed antenatally and hence the perinatologist is faced with counselling the prospective parents. This review considers the diagnosis, management and prognosis of this condition. A particular emphasis is placed on the outcome of isolated ...
Bennet Laura - - 2012
Preterm newborns, particularly very low birth weight newborns, frequently experience intermittent hypotension and/or hypoperfusion. Organ perfusion is largely distinct from systemic hypotension, suggesting that changes in underlying vascular tone are the major determinants of perfusion. Preterm fetuses have a remarkable anaerobic tolerance and ability to survive major insults with no ...
Berry Nina J - - 2012
Adherence to public health recommendations around infant and young child feeding is poor amongst Australian parents. This study aimed to investigate Australian parents' awareness and acceptance of public health recommendations about infant feeding. A cross-sectional design was used to survey a convenience sample of Australian parents. A total of 439 ...
Sugiura Tokio - - 2012
Periventricular leukomalacia is recognized as the leading cause of cerebral palsy in preterm infants. To clarify the prevalence of periventricular leukomalacia and cerebral palsy in Japan, a nationwide survey was performed. The prevalence of periventricular leukomalacia in the group of surviving preterm infants of gestational ages less than 33 weeks ...
Martinez-Biarge Miriam M Department of Pediatrics and Imaging Sciences, Imperial College, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, United - - 2012
To examine the spectrum of isolated white matter (WM)/cortical injury and its relation to outcomes in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and normal appearing basal ganglia and thalami. From 1992-2007, 84 term infants with HIE and normal basal ganglia and thalami on neonatal magnetic resonance imaging were studied; WM/cortical lesions ...
Kuo Ching-Pyng - - 2012
Parenting confidence with regards to caring for their infants is crucial for the healthy adaptation to parenthood and the development of positive parent-infant relationships. The postpartum period is a tremendous transitional time for parents, so their unique needs should be considered. This study explored parenting confidence and needs in parents ...
Martinez-Biarge Miriam M Department of Paediatrics and Imaging Sciences, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital Campus, London, United - - 2012
Basal ganglia and thalamic (BGT) injury is common after acute perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia. Cerebral palsy is the most obvious consequence of BGT injury affecting 70-75% of survivors and is predictable from neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). However there is no equivalent predictive data for other specific outcomes. Feeding and communication impairments ...
Dursun Arzu - - 2012
Abstract Perinatal asphyxia is a significant cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is estimated that around 23% of all newborn deaths are caused by birth asphyxia. Each year, between four and nine million newborns develop birth asphyxia worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). Therefore, despite major ...
Yalçin S Songül - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the onset of independent ambulation relative to possible relationships with maternal and infant characteristics. In a cross-sectional study, the health files of 1,553 Turkish children aged 12-23 months were selected by the multistage sampling method in the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for ...
Mohammadi Majid Mehr MM PhD Student, Department of Exceptional Children's Education and Psychology, Sciences and Researches Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2012
Given the high prevalence of consanguineous marriages in rural and urban areas of Iran, the aim of this study was to identify its role in increasing fetal and infant deaths. This was a cross-sectional study in which 494 mothers with more than one exceptional child (mentally retarded and physically-dynamically disabled) ...
Buonocore G - - 2012
New knowledge of the pathophysiology and evolution of hypoxic-ischemic brain injuries has made feasible interventions to improve clinical outcomes for newborns surviving birth asphyxia. Brain injury following hypoxic-ischemic insult is a complex process evolving over hours to days, which provides a unique window of opportunity for neuroprotective treatment interventions. The ...
Bednarek N - - 2012
The objective of this work was to determine the impact of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) on the magnitude and time course of mean diffusivity (MD) changes following hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in newborns. Cerebral MRI scans of infants undergoing whole body TH for HIE from 2007 to 2010 were retrospectively reviewed. The ...
Filippi L - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To report our experience in the selection of newborns candidate to therapeutic hypothermia. Methods: Retrospective study involving forty-seven newborns suffering from perinatal asphyxia from January 2008 to September 2011. Results: Thirty-five of forty-seven newborns admitted to our hospital fulfilled metabolic and neurological criteria for recruitment and were cooled. ...
Rudnicki Jacek - - 2012
Objective Stimulation of the nervous system plays an important role in brain function and psychomotor development of children. Massage can benefit premature infants, but has limitations.Study Design The authors conducted a study to verify the direct effects of massage on amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (aEEG), oxygen saturation (SaO2), and pulse analyzed by ...
Saugstad Ola Didrik - - 2012
It took more than 30 years from the first observations that oxygen may be toxic during resuscitation till international guidelines changed to recommend that term and near term newborn infants should be resuscitated with air instead of 100% oxygen. There are still a number of unanswered questions related to oxygen therapy ...
Tusor Nora N Centre for the Developing Brain, Imperial College and MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2012
Objective biomarkers are needed to assess neuroprotective therapies after perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). We tested the hypothesis that, in infants who underwent therapeutic hypothermia after perinatal HIE, neurodevelopmental performance was predicted by fractional anisotropy (FA) values in the white matter (WM) on early diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) as assessed by ...
Thalayasingam M - - 2012
Identifying the differences between infants with non-accidental head injuries (NAHI) and accidental head injuries (AHI) may help alert clinicians to recognize markers of abuse. A retrospective review of infants <1 year of age admitted to a tertiary referral centre in Malaysia over a two year period with a diagnosis of ...
Buonocore G - - 2012
New knowledge of the pathophysiology and evolution of hypoxic-ischemic brain injuries has made feasible interventions to improve clinical outcomes for newborns surviving birth asphyxia. Brain injury following hypoxic-ischemic insult is a complex process evolving over hours to days, which provides a unique window of opportunity for neuroprotective treatment interventions. The ...
Serafina Perrone - - 2012
Abstract Introduction: Oxidative stress (OS) is strongly involved in the pathogenesis of many preterm newborn diseases; this is due to the low efficiency of neonatal antioxidant systems unable to counteract the harmful effects of free radicals (FRs). Hypoxic-ischemic events and inflammation, involved in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) pathogenesis, are responsible of ...
Gjertsen Finn - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The international classification of diseases (ICD) provides guidelines for the collection, classification and dissemination of official cause-of-death statistics. New revisions of the ICD can potentially disrupt time trends of cause-of-death statistics and affect between-country comparisons. The aim of this study was to measure how switching from ICD-9 to ICD-10 ...
Carlsson Ylva - - 2012
Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) injury in term infants develops with a delay during the recovery phase, opening up a therapeutic window after the insult. Hypothermia is currently an established neuroprotective treatment in newborns with neonatal encephalopathy (NE), saving one in nine infants from developing neurological deficits. Caspase-2 is an initiator caspase, a ...
Wolf H T - - 2012
Premature birth increases a child's risk of cerebral palsy and death. The aim of this work is to investigate the association between treatment with magnesium sulphate during premature deliveries and infants' cerebral palsy and mortality through a meta-analysis of observational studies. A comprehensive search of the Cochrane Library, EMBASE and ...
Faridi Shahbaz H - - 2012
Penetrating injuries of the anterior fontanelle are exceedingly uncommon and are most often associated with inflictedinjury.(4,6) This report of a 7-month-old male infant, whose father was working with a knife which accidentally slipped from his hand and penetrated the infants anterior fontanelle and frontal lobe, demonstrates that accidental injuries may ...
Evans Angie - - 2012
This paper investigates neonatal resuscitation with the umbilical cord intact. Research confirms numerous immediate and long-term benefits to leaving the cord intact while performing neonatal resuscitation in both term and preterm neonates, while doing no harm. Current neonatal resuscitation guidelines from around the world are discussed with respect to the ...
Hill Courtney A - - 2012
Clinical findings show that male infants with hypoxic-ischemic injury (HI) fare more poorly than matched females on cognitive outcomes. Rodent models of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia support this difference, with data showing that perinatal brain injury leads to long-term behavioral deficits primarily in male rodents and in female rodents treated with early ...
Chen C-P - - 2012
We report cytogenetic and molecular characterization of a 15.63-Mb pure distal deletion of chromosome 9p (9p22.3-->pter) in a l 1/2-year-old female infant with cerebral palsy and diffuse cerebral dysfunction. The deletion is of paternal origin and encompasses the genes of ANKRDS15, DOCK8, FOXD4 and VLDLR. We discuss the genotype-phenotype correlation ...
Hoffenkamp Hannah N - - 2012
The development of an affectionate parent-infant bond is essential for a newborn infant's survival and development. However, from evolutionary theory it can be derived that parental bonding is not an automatic process, but dependent on infants' cues to reproductive potential and parents' access to resources. The purpose of the present ...
Ricardo-Garcell Josefina - - 2012
In the study of 887 new born infants with prenatal and perinatal risk factors for brain damage, 11 children with West syndrome that progressed into Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and another 4 children with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome that had not been preceded by West syndrome were found. In this study we present the ...
Dobson Dawn - - 2012
Infantile colic is a common disorder, affecting around one in six families, and in 2001 was reported to cost the UK National Health Service in excess of £65 million per year (Morris 2001). Although it usually remits by six months of age, there is some evidence of longer-term sequelae for ...
Jagnoor Jagnoor - - 2012
Unintentional injuries are an important cause of death in India. However, no reliable nationally representative estimates of unintentional injury deaths are available. Thus, we examined unintentional injury deaths in a nationally representative mortality survey. Trained field staff interviewed a living relative of those who had died during 2001-03. The verbal ...
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