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Gjertsen Finn - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The international classification of diseases (ICD) provides guidelines for the collection, classification and dissemination of official cause-of-death statistics. New revisions of the ICD can potentially disrupt time trends of cause-of-death statistics and affect between-country comparisons. The aim of this study was to measure how switching from ICD-9 to ICD-10 ...
Carlsson Ylva - - 2012
Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) injury in term infants develops with a delay during the recovery phase, opening up a therapeutic window after the insult. Hypothermia is currently an established neuroprotective treatment in newborns with neonatal encephalopathy (NE), saving one in nine infants from developing neurological deficits. Caspase-2 is an initiator caspase, a ...
Wolf H T - - 2012
Premature birth increases a child's risk of cerebral palsy and death. The aim of this work is to investigate the association between treatment with magnesium sulphate during premature deliveries and infants' cerebral palsy and mortality through a meta-analysis of observational studies. A comprehensive search of the Cochrane Library, EMBASE and ...
Faridi Shahbaz H - - 2012
Penetrating injuries of the anterior fontanelle are exceedingly uncommon and are most often associated with inflictedinjury.(4,6) This report of a 7-month-old male infant, whose father was working with a knife which accidentally slipped from his hand and penetrated the infants anterior fontanelle and frontal lobe, demonstrates that accidental injuries may ...
Evans Angie - - 2012
This paper investigates neonatal resuscitation with the umbilical cord intact. Research confirms numerous immediate and long-term benefits to leaving the cord intact while performing neonatal resuscitation in both term and preterm neonates, while doing no harm. Current neonatal resuscitation guidelines from around the world are discussed with respect to the ...
Hill Courtney A - - 2012
Clinical findings show that male infants with hypoxic-ischemic injury (HI) fare more poorly than matched females on cognitive outcomes. Rodent models of neonatal hypoxia-ischemia support this difference, with data showing that perinatal brain injury leads to long-term behavioral deficits primarily in male rodents and in female rodents treated with early ...
Chen C-P - - 2012
We report cytogenetic and molecular characterization of a 15.63-Mb pure distal deletion of chromosome 9p (9p22.3-->pter) in a l 1/2-year-old female infant with cerebral palsy and diffuse cerebral dysfunction. The deletion is of paternal origin and encompasses the genes of ANKRDS15, DOCK8, FOXD4 and VLDLR. We discuss the genotype-phenotype correlation ...
Hoffenkamp Hannah N - - 2012
The development of an affectionate parent-infant bond is essential for a newborn infant's survival and development. However, from evolutionary theory it can be derived that parental bonding is not an automatic process, but dependent on infants' cues to reproductive potential and parents' access to resources. The purpose of the present ...
Ricardo-Garcell Josefina - - 2012
In the study of 887 new born infants with prenatal and perinatal risk factors for brain damage, 11 children with West syndrome that progressed into Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and another 4 children with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome that had not been preceded by West syndrome were found. In this study we present the ...
Dobson Dawn - - 2012
Infantile colic is a common disorder, affecting around one in six families, and in 2001 was reported to cost the UK National Health Service in excess of £65 million per year (Morris 2001). Although it usually remits by six months of age, there is some evidence of longer-term sequelae for ...
Jagnoor Jagnoor - - 2012
Unintentional injuries are an important cause of death in India. However, no reliable nationally representative estimates of unintentional injury deaths are available. Thus, we examined unintentional injury deaths in a nationally representative mortality survey. Trained field staff interviewed a living relative of those who had died during 2001-03. The verbal ...
Daniels Lynne A - - 2012
Despite important implications for the budgets, statistical power and generalisability of research findings, detailed reports of recruitment and retention in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are rare. The NOURISH RCT evaluated a community-based intervention for first-time mothers that promoted protective infant feeding practices as a primary prevention strategy for childhood obesity. ...
Wong Flora Y - - 2012
The significance of blood pressure variability (BPV) for cerebral oxygenation in extremely preterm infants has not been explored, though BPV may well be associated with end organ injury. We hypothesized that increased BPV in sick preterm infants, by exceeding the cerebral autoregulatory capacity, is associated with cerebral oxygenation changes which ...
McAnulty Gloria - - 2012
By school age, even low risk moderately preterm-born children show more neuro-cognitive deficits, underachievement, behavioral problems, and poor social adaptation than full-term peers. To evaluate the outcomes at school-age for moderately preterm-born children (29-33 weeks gestational age), appropriate in growth for gestational age (AGA) and medically at low-risk, randomized to ...
Sullivan Mary C - - 2012
Close friendships become important at middle-school age and are unexplored in adolescents born prematurely. The study aimed to characterize friendship behaviors of formerly preterm infants at age 12 and explore similarities and differences between preterm and full-term peers on dyadic friendship types. From the full sample of N=186, one hundred ...
Troutman Beth B University of - - 2012
Maternal parenting self-efficacy (PSE) is a potential target for infant mental health interventions because it is associated with a number of positive outcomes for children and mothers. Understanding the development of maternal PSE under conditions of increased parenting stress, such as parenting an infant who is easily distressed and difficult ...
Turner P P Shoklo Malaria Research Unit, Mae Sot, Thailand. - - 2012
Streptococcus pneumoniae pilus islet-1 (PI-1)-encoded pilus enhances in vitro adhesion to the respiratory epithelium and may contribute to pneumococcal nasopharyngeal colonization and transmission. The pilus subunits are regarded as potential protein vaccine candidates. In this study, we sought to determine PI-1 prevalence in carried pneumococcal isolates and explore its relationship ...
Bhatawadekar S M - - 2011
Brevundimonas vesicularis has rarely been isolated from clinical specimens. We report here a case of B. vesicularis bacteremia in a female infant who presented with fever, vomiting and altered sensorium. USG abdomen showed mild hepatomegaly, moderate ascitis with bilateral mild basal pleural effusion. Blood culture was processed by BACTEC BD. ...
Robb Sheri L - - 2011
Music-based interventions are used to address a variety of problems experienced by individuals across the developmental lifespan (infants to elderly adults). In order to improve the transparency and specificity of reporting music-based interventions, a set of specific reporting guidelines is recommended. Recommendations pertain to reporting seven different components of music-based ...
Alsubhi Fatema S - - 2011
Peripheral nerve palsies of the upper extremities presenting at birth can be distressing for families and care providers. It is therefore important to be able to identify patients whose diagnosis is compatible with full recovery so that their families can be reassured. We conducted a retrospective review of all infants ...
Rittler Monica - - 2011
Reports of birth defects rates may focus on defects observed in the newborn period or include defects diagnosed at older ages. However, little information is available on the rates of additional anomalies detected after birth or on the ages at which such anomalies are diagnosed. The aims of this work ...
Galbarczyk Andrzej - - 2011
Objectives: This study evaluated changes in breast size during pregnancy depending on infant sex. Due to larger nutritional needs during lactation, male infants may stimulate greater changes in maternal breast size than female infants. Methods: Data were collected by an online questionnaire survey of 120 women from Poland, who had ...
Zosh Jennifer M - - 2011
The number of individual items that can be maintained in working memory is limited. One solution to this problem is to store representations of ensembles that contain summary information about large numbers of items (e.g., the approximate number or cumulative area of a group of many items). Here we explored ...
Panella Michael - - 2011
  Potential simulators of premortem trauma present problems of misinterpretation and possible false accusations of caregivers. A case of unsuspected neonatal herpes is reported with associated perianal ecchymosis that raises the possibility of sexual abuse. The decedent was an 8-day-old newborn infant who was born by Cesarean section and treated ...
Sussman Adrienne - - 2011
We assessed developmental stability and context generalizability of temperament in pigtailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina) from the University of Washington Infant Primate Research Lab. A principal components analysis condensed 6 behavioral measures into 2 components, interpreted as reactivity and boldness. Changes in these measures over the 1st 10 months of development ...
Lee Mei-Hua - - 2011
The emergence of prehensile skills in infancy is one of the central issues in motor development. The objective of this longitudinal study was to quantitatively describe the changes in the object-oriented arm movements that precede the transition to goal-directed reaching movements in infancy. Arm kinematics in 10 full-term infants were ...
Miedema Martijn - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To assess global and regional changes in lung volume and ventilation during lung recruitment in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. STUDY DESIGN: Using electrical impedance tomography, changes in lung volume and ventilation were measured in 15 high-frequency oscillatory ventilated preterm infants during oxygenation-guided recruitment maneuvers. The inflation and ...
Kuipers Remko S - - 2011
Perinatal changes in maternal glucose and lipid fluxes and de novo lipogenesis (DNL) are driven by hormones and nutrients. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) reduces, whereas insulin augments, nuclear abundance of sterol-regulatory-element-binding-protein-1 (SREBP-1), which promotes DNL, stearoyl-CoA-desaturase (SCD, also Δ9-desaturase), fatty acid-(FA)-elongation (Elovl) and FA-desaturation (FADS). Decreasing maternal insulin sensitivity with advancing ...
Onyango Adelheid W - - 2011
The interplay of factors that affect post-partum loss or retention of weight gained during pregnancy is not fully understood. The objective of this paper is to describe patterns of weight change in the six sites of the World Health Organization (WHO) Multicentre Growth Reference Study (MGRS) and explore variables that ...
Kaiser J R JR Department of Pediatrics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72202, USA. - - 2011
To compare the effects of open tracheal suctioning (OS) plus intermittent mandatory ventilation (IMV) vs. closed tracheal suctioning (CS) plus volume guarantee ventilation (VG) on changes in mean cerebral blood-flow velocity (CBFv) of ventilated very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. A total of 75 normotensive, ventilated VLBW infants (with normal ...
Herr Caroline E W - - 2011
The objective of this study was to analyze the mechanisms by which exposure to ambient air pollutants influences respiratory health may include altered prenatal immune development. To analyze associations between elevated cord serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and maternal air pollution exposure during each month of gestation. Total cord serum ...
Kusaka Takashi - - 2011
Multi-channel near-infrared spectroscopy (MNIRS) was used for the functional imaging of the sensorimotor cortex of newborn infants during passive knee and elbow movement under sedated sleep. Contralateral knee and elbow movement caused a marked increase in the concentration of oxyhemoglobin ([oxyHb]) from the baseline values at site within the sensorimotor ...
Rogers Gary F - - 2011
Cranial deformation is the most common cause of abnormal head shape. Intentional and unintentional alterations of cranial form are associated with the application of external pressure to the growing infant head, and such changes have been recorded throughout man's history. Recent changes in Western sleeping practices, instituted to reduce the ...
Rogers Gary F - - 2011
Cranial deformation is the most common cause of abnormal head shape. Intentional and unintentional alterations of cranial form are associated with the application of external pressure to the growing infant head, and such changes have been recorded throughout man's history. Recent changes in Western sleeping practices, instituted to reduce the ...
Issa Shireen Y - - 2011
There is evidence that Candida colonization contributes to increasing invasion of candidiasis in hospitalized neonates. Few studies investigated the epidemiology and risk factors of Candida colonization among hospitalized and non-hospitalized infants. This prospective study investigated the major epidemiological characteristics of Candida species colonizing oral and rectal sites of Jordanian infants. ...
Oakes Lisa M - - 2011
To examine the development of visual short-term memory (VSTM) for location, we presented 6- to 12-month-old infants (N=199) with two side-by-side stimulus streams. In each stream, arrays of colored circles continually appeared, disappeared, and reappeared. In the changing stream, the location of one or more items changed in each cycle; ...
Barr Gordon A - - 2011
In the fetal, infant, and adult rat, injury induces a well-defined behavioral response and induces c-fos expression in the spinal cord dorsal horn. There is more limited information about the processing of noxious stimulation in the infant brain. We describe here the appearance of the Fos protein in the brain ...
Matasova Katarina - - 2011
Objective. The aim was to describe the course of physiological changes in coeliac artery (CA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) blood flow velocities (BFVs) during the perinatal period in healthy term fetuses and infants as it has not been studied in detail so far. Methods. This prospective Doppler ultrasound study included 50 ...
Metzger Boyd E - - 2010
The goal was to describe the temporal pattern of neonatal plasma glucose levels and associations with maternal glucose levels, cord serum C-peptide levels, and neonatal size and adiposity. A total of 17,094 mothers and infants were included in the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Study (15 centers in 9 countries). ...
Nakajima Yoshiyuki - - 2011
Abstract Objective: Our objective was to determine the obstetrical risk for spontaneous focal intestinal perforation (FIP) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: Eight mothers delivered infants who underwent laparotomy for FIP between 2001 and 2006 in our hospital. A retrospective case-control study of the eight case mothers and ...
Rubin Lisa - - 2010
The rate and duration of breastfeeding in Ethiopia is very high. Factors that could affect breastfeeding among women emigrating to Israel include the desire to adopt "modern" behaviors, the availability of infant formulas, and the greater awareness of AIDS and fear of transmission via breast milk. To examine the rate ...
Arca Gemma - - 2010
The optimal time to clamp the umbilical cord in preterm and full-term neonates after birth continues to be a matter of debate. A review of randomised controlled trials comparing the effects of early versus late cord clamping on maternal and infant outcomes was performed to assess data in favor of ...
Qureshi Azhar Munir - - 2010
Birth anoxia remains an important cause of mortality and morbidity in neonates. Hypoxia/ischemia can lead to permanent brain damage and also affects other tissues of the body. It results from lack of oxygen before, during or after birth. The study was designed to assess the risk factors of birth asphyxia, ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2010
Periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) is one of the most important causes of adverse outcome of preterm infants. We hypothesized that inflammatory or some other specific pathways will have been activated at birth in preterm infants who later develop PVL. The aim of this study is to examine the difference in mRNA ...
Marom Ronella - - 2010
Little is known about the glucose concentrations at and after birth of infants delivered by caesarean section (CS), when compared with infants born vaginally (VD). To compare venous cord blood glucose concentrations of term infants born after elective CS to infants born by VD. We studied the null hypothesis that ...
Horwitz Alexandra - - 2010
The International Union of Immunological Societies defined transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy as decreased IgG and IgA levels. Some others, however, include decreased IgA level alone. We compared infants with decreased levels of IgG and IgA, all isotypes, and IgA alone. To determine whether infants presenting with diminished IgA only differ ...
Mazaki-Tovi Shali - - 2010
Maternal circulating visfatin concentrations are higher in patients with a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonate than in those who delivered an appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) neonate or in those with pre-eclampsia. It has been proposed that enhanced transfer of visfatin from the foetal to maternal circulation may account for the high concentrations of ...
Yada Yukari - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to investigate the association of chronic lung disease (CLD), neonatal Ureaplasma colonization, and interleukin-8 (IL-8) level of cord blood in preterm infants. In 77 infants of <32 weeks gestation, the relationship between IL-8 level of cord blood, neonatal colonization of Ureaplasma, histological chorioamnionitis ...
Fromme Hermann - - 2010
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) are a group of chemicals widely used for many applications. In this study PFCs were investigated in maternal blood during pregnancy (at two time points) (n = 40 and 38) and 6 months after delivery (n = 47), in cord blood (n = 33) and in blood ...
Ross-Sheehy Shannon - - 2011
Two experiments examined the hypothesis that developing visual attentional mechanisms influence infants' Visual Short-Term Memory (VSTM) in the context of multiple items. Five- and 10-month-old infants (N = 76) received a change detection task in which arrays of three differently colored squares appeared and disappeared. On each trial one square ...
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