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Results 101 - 150 of 1249
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Konduri G G GG Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, - - 2013
We conducted a post-hoc analysis of early inhaled nitric oxide (iNO)-randomized controlled trial data to identify associations pertinent to the management of moderate hypoxic respiratory failure in term/late preterm infants. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine risk factors for the progression of respiratory failure and extracorporeal ...
Parfitt Ylva - - 2013
The aims of the current study were to examine the effect of fathers' and mothers' pre and postnatal mental health on mother-infant and father-infant interactions. Mental health was broadly defined to include anxiety, depression and PTSD. A community sample of 44 mothers and 40 fathers from 45 families completed questionnaire ...
Del Rosario Mithi - - 2013
Temperament atypicalities have been documented in infancy and early development in children who develop autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The current study investigates whether there are differences in developmental trajectories of temperament between infants and toddlers with and without ASD. Parents of infant siblings of children with autism completed the Carey ...
Grant Kathie A - - 2013
Botulism is a rare, but extremely serious, disease and Public Health England is responsible for its diagnosis and surveillance in the UK. Over the past five years (2008-2013), the most common form of the disease recognised in the UK has been infant botulism. The aim of this article is to ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To compare the prevalence of and characteristics associated with early intervention (EI) program enrollment among infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks' gestation), early term (37-38 weeks' gestation), and term (39-41 weeks' gestation).METHODS:A Massachusetts cohort of 554 974 singleton infants born during 1998 through 2005 and survived the neonatal period was followed ...
Lam Jessica - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the effect of maternal CYP2D6, CYP3A5, ABCB1, and OPRM1 polymorphisms in predicting both neonatal and maternal central nervous system depression after oxycodone use during lactation. STUDY DESIGN:: A nested case-control study in 67 breastfeeding mother-infant pairs exposed to oxycodone was conducted. Cases were defined as parental reports ...
Jessri Mahsa - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the barriers to following complementary feeding guidelines among Middle Eastern mothers and the cultural considerations of practitioners from an emic perspective. This is a two-phase focused ethnographic assessment of infant feeding among 22 Middle Eastern mothers in Western Canada who had healthy ...
Prady Stephanie L - - 2013
Ethnic minority children in the United Kingdom often experience health disadvantage. Parenting influences children's current and future health, but little is known about whether parenting behaviours and mother's perception of her infant vary by ethnicity. Using the Born in Bradford (BiB) birth cohort, which is located in an ethnically diverse ...
Bridgett David J - - 2013
There has been increasing interest in the direct and indirect effects of parental self-regulation on children's outcomes. In the present investigation, the effects of maternal self-regulation, home chaos, and inter-parental relationship adjustment on broad and specific indicators of infant negative emotionality (NE) were examined. A sample of maternal caregivers and ...
Berlin Lisa J LJ Universityof Maryland School of Social Work, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2013
Child maltreatment is a serious public health problem that disproportionately affects infants and toddlers. In the interest of informing prevention and intervention efforts, this study examined pregnant women's attributions about infants as a risk factor for child maltreatment and harsh parenting during their children's first and second years. We also ...
Raj Dinesh - - 2013
The authors report an infant with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) with Pneumocystis pneumonia who developed secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). This is the youngest infant reported to develop PAP secondary to Pneumocystis infection in an immunocompromised state. He was effectively managed with anti-microbials, frequent lung toilet, optimized mechanical ventilation, and ...
Varghese S S Christian Medical College, Vellore 632002, Tamil Nadu, India. Department of Community - - 2013
Background. Violence against women may have an impact on infant and child mortality. We aimed to determine whether domestic violence is a risk factor for infant and child death. Methods. Eighty infant and child deaths (under 5 years of age) were identified from a central register of a comprehensive community ...
Heinemann A-B - - 2013
AIMS: To describe parents' experiences of factors that influenced their stay with their extremely preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHOD: This study has a qualitative descriptive design based on semi-structured interviews conducted with seven mothers and six fathers. RESULTS: Opportunities to stay overnight together with their ...
Baker Erika - - 2013
Low autonomic nervous system activity is claimed to be a biomarker for aggressive and antisocial behavior. Although there is evidence that low skin conductance activity (SCA) accounts for variation in the severity of antisocial behavior and predicts the onset of aggression in children and adults, it is unknown whether SCA ...
Padilla Cindy M CM EHESP School of Public Health -Sorbonne Paris Cité - Rennes, France. - - 2013
Mapping spatial distributions of disease occurrence can serve as a useful tool for identifying exposures of public health concern. Infant mortality is an important indicator of the health status of a population. Recent literature suggests that neighborhood deprivation status can modify the effect of air pollution on preterm delivery, a ...
Uppal Preena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Immigration is increasingly common worldwide and its impact on neonatal intensive care unit outcomes is uncertain. AIMS: To determine the outcomes of children of immigrant mothers admitted to NICUs in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, between 2000 and 2006. STUDY DESIGN: Record linkage study of routinely collected state-based health ...
Roda Célina - - 2013
Although formaldehyde is a common indoor pollutant, its impact on respiratory symptoms in childhood remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between domestic formaldehyde exposure and occurrence of coughing, one of the most prevalent respiratory symptoms during the first year of life of infants from ...
McDonald Chloe R - - 2013
The in utero environment can have a profound impact on early brain development and subsequent childhood school performance and behavior. Over 125 million pregnant women are at risk of malaria each year, yet the impact of in utero malaria exposure on the neurological and cognitive development of their exposed infants ...
KonefaƂ Halina - - 2013
To assess whether school-age spirometry and lung volume outcomes of preterm infants with history of moderate to severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), born in the surfactant era and treated with conventional mechanical ventilation (IMV) and discharged home with or without the diagnosis of BPD (chronic lung disease of prematurity), differ ...
Green Jonathan - - 2013
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base behind ...
Walker Lynne J - - 2013
Parents of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience one of the most stressful events of their lives. At times, they are unable to participate fully, if at all, in the care of their infant. Parents in the NICU have a need to participate in the care of ...
Bick Johanna - - 2013
Infants in foster care need sensitive, responsive caregivers to promote their healthy outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention, a short-term, targeted, attachment-based intervention program designed to promote sensitive caregiving behavior among foster mothers. Ninety-six foster mother-infant dyads participated in this study; 44 ...
Radwan Hadia - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the preferred method of feeding for the infant. The present study aimed at investigating the different infant feeding practices and the influencing factors in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A convenient sample of 593 Emirati mothers who had infants up to 2 years of age ...
Paxton Georgia A - - 2013
* The recommended level for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in infants, children, adolescents and during pregnancy and lactation is ≥ 50 nmol/L. This level may need to be 10-20 nmol/L higher at the end of summer to maintain levels ≥ 50 nmol/L over winter and spring. * Sunlight is the ...
Kohlhoff Jane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study examined predictors of parenting self-efficacy (PSE) in a sample of first-time mothers during the first year after childbirth and evaluated the effect of a brief, intensive, mother-infant residential intervention on PSE and infant behaviour. METHODS: 83 primiparous women with infants aged 0-12months admitted to a residential parent-infant ...
Benzies Karen M - - 2013
Preterm infants are at greater risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities than full term infants. Interventions supporting parents to improve the quality of the infant's environment should improve developmental outcomes for preterm infants. Many interventions that involve parents do not measure parental change, nor is it clear which intervention components are associated ...
Doak Colleen M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In many cultures, simple herbal infusions, thin gruels, or sweetened water (agüitas in Guatemalan parlance) are given to infants and toddlers. Formative research has shown that the use of agüitas in early child feeding is deeply embedded in Guatemalan culture. OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence and timing of the ...
Lawrence Rachael - - 2013
Laryngomalacia describes the inward collapse of supraglottic structures on inspiration. The classic presenting symptom of congenital laryngomalacia is inspiratory stridor which may be intermittent in nature and typically worsens with feeding, crying, supine positioning and agitation [1]. It is the most common cause of stridor in infants and neonates [1]. ...
Anilkumar M G MG JSS Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, Karnataka - - 2013
Gastric teratomas are very rare tumors accounting for less than 1 % of all teratomas of infants and children. Little more than 100 cases of gastric teratomas are reported in the literature; out of which, very few of them are of immature variety. Complete excision of the gastric teratoma carries a ...
Galbally Megan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine if babies breastfed at 6 months of age were more likely to wake at night and less likely to sleep alone than formula-fed babies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were drawn from the first wave of The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, an ongoing, nationally ...
Wall Clare Rosemary - - 2013
BACKGROUND: New Zealand in 2008 adopted WHO policy which recommends that all infants are exclusively breast fed until 6 months of age. The benefits of this policy for the infant are undisputed; however, this policy has the potential to adversely impact on infant vitamin D status. A number of countries ...
Allely C S CS Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, RHSC Yorkhill, Glasgow, Scotland, UK. - - 2013
This study investigated the utility of adult and infant vocalisation in the prediction of child psychopathology. Families were sampled from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort. Vocalisation patterns were obtained from 180 videos (60 cases and 120 randomly selected sex-matched controls) of parent-infant interactions when ...
Fallon Barbara - - 2013
The most effective way to provide support to caregivers with infants in order to promote good health, social, emotional and developmental outcomes is the subject of numerous debates in the literature. In Canada, each province adopts a different approach which range from universal to targeted programs. Nonetheless, each year ...
Schwichtenberg A J - - 2013
Infants born preterm are at elevated risk for social emotional difficulties. However, factors contributing to this risk are largely understudied. Within the present study, we explored infant sleep as a biosocial factor that may play a role in infant social emotional development. Within a prospective longitudinal design, we examined parent-reported ...
Tanaka Keiko - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the association between infant feeding practices and the development of early childhood caries (ECC). Subjects were 315 children. Information about the variables under study and potential confounding factors were obtained by questionnaire during pregnancy and when the children were two to ...
Matsuda Yoshi-Taka - - 2013
'Infant shyness', in which infants react shyly to adult strangers, presents during the third quarter of the first year. Researchers claim that shy children over the age of three years are experiencing approach-avoidance conflicts. Counter-intuitively, shy children do not avoid the eyes when scanning faces; rather, they spend more time ...
Bashir Amal O - - 2013
Sudan is classified as having insufficient progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goal (MDG-4), where the levels of child and infant mortality are among the highest in the region and the world. This study investigated factors associated with neonatal mortality in Sudan. Neonatal death is defined as death within the ...
Blouin Brittany - - 2013
Evidence from randomized controlled trials has shown that delayed cord-clamping is beneficial to infant iron status. The role of maternal anaemia in this relationship, however, has not been established. To determine the effect of maternal anaemia at delivery on the association between timing of umbilical cord-clamping and infant anaemia at ...
Horta Bernardo L - - 2013
Performance in intelligence tests tends to be higher among individuals breastfed as infants, but little is known about the association between breastfeeding and achieved schooling. We assessed the association of infant feeding with school achievement in five cohorts from low- and middle-income countries. Unlike high-income country settings where most previous ...
Bernstein Rosemary E - - 2013
Adult caregivers' idealization of their parents as assessed by the Adult Attachment Interview is a risk factor for the intergenerational transmission of the insecure-avoidant attachment style. This study evaluated a briefer screening approach for identifying parental idealization, testing the utility of prenatal maternal self-report measures of recalled betrayal trauma and ...
Odd David - - 2013
To investigate if the lack of gestational age correction may explain some of the school failure seen in ex-preterm infants. A cohort study based on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The primary outcome was a low Key Stage 1 score (KS1) score at age 7 or ...
Virtala Paula - - 2013
Neural encoding of abstract rules in the audition of newborn infants has been recently demonstrated in several studies using event-related potentials (ERPs). In the present study the neural encoding of Western music chords was investigated in newborn infants. Using ERPs, we examined whether the categorizations of major vs. minor and ...
Cohen David D Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. - - 2013
Whether development of autism impacts the interactive process between an infant and his/her parents remains an unexplored issue. Using computational analysis taking into account synchronic behaviors and emotional prosody (parentese), we assessed the course of infants' responses to parents' type of speech in home movies from typically developing (TD) infants ...
Bork Kirsten K Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMI233 IRD/UM1, Montpellier, France. - - 2013
To assess breastfeeding modes and determinants in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission study. HIV-1-infected pregnant women from 5 sites in Burkina Faso, Kenya, and South Africa were enrolled in the study that comprised 2 prospective cohorts and 1 randomized controlled trial. Women were counseled to either breastfeed exclusively up to ...
Dusing Stacey C SC Motor Development Laboratory, Department of Physical Therapy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA. - - 2013
Infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks of gestation) account for 350 000 US births per year, are at risk for developmental delays, and are rarely included in intervention studies. To describe a novel parent-delivered movement intervention program for very young infants and outcomes following intervention and to evaluate the feasibility ...
McAnulty Gloria G Department of Psychiatry, Neurobehavioral Infant and Child Studies, Enders Pediatric Research Laboratories, EN-107, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, 320 Longwood Avenue, 02115, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
The experience in the newborn intensive care nursery results in premature infants' neurobehavioral and neurophysiological dysfunction and poorer brain structure. Preterms with severe intrauterine growth restriction are doubly jeopardized given their compromised brains. The Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program improved outcome at early school-age for preterms with appropriate ...
Shah Prachi E - - 2012
We explored associations among preterm status (very preterm infant (VPI: <30 weeks), moderate preterm (MPI: 30-33(6/7) weeks), late preterm (LPI: 34-36(6/7) weeks), parenting, and 3-year cognitive and behavioral outcomes. We hypothesized that LPIs would demonstrate better health and neurobehavioral outcomes compared with more premature infants, and that preterm status would ...
Winder Breanna M BM Department of - - 2013
Communication spontaneously initiated by infants at heightened risk (HR; n = 15) for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is compared with that in low-risk (LR; n = 15) infants at 13 and 18 months of age. Infants were observed longitudinally during naturalistic in-home interaction and semistructured play with caregivers. At both ...
Hayes Lisa J LJ Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2013
Although high rates of attachment disorganization have been observed in infants of depressed mothers, little is known about the role of antenatal depression as a precursor to infant attachment disorganization. The primary aim of this study was to examine associations between maternal antenatal depression and infant disorganization at 12 months ...
Souza Amaury de - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether climate variability influences the number of hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in infants, children, and adults in the city of Campo Grande, Brazil. METHODS: We used daily data on admissions for respiratory diseases, precipitation, air temperature, humidity, and wind speed for the 2004-2008 period. We calculated the ...
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