Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1230
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Green Jonathan - - 2013
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base behind ...
Walker Lynne J - - 2013
Parents of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience one of the most stressful events of their lives. At times, they are unable to participate fully, if at all, in the care of their infant. Parents in the NICU have a need to participate in the care of ...
Bick Johanna - - 2013
Infants in foster care need sensitive, responsive caregivers to promote their healthy outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention, a short-term, targeted, attachment-based intervention program designed to promote sensitive caregiving behavior among foster mothers. Ninety-six foster mother-infant dyads participated in this study; 44 ...
Radwan Hadia - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the preferred method of feeding for the infant. The present study aimed at investigating the different infant feeding practices and the influencing factors in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A convenient sample of 593 Emirati mothers who had infants up to 2 years of age ...
Paxton Georgia A - - 2013
* The recommended level for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in infants, children, adolescents and during pregnancy and lactation is ≥ 50 nmol/L. This level may need to be 10-20 nmol/L higher at the end of summer to maintain levels ≥ 50 nmol/L over winter and spring. * Sunlight is the ...
Kohlhoff Jane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study examined predictors of parenting self-efficacy (PSE) in a sample of first-time mothers during the first year after childbirth and evaluated the effect of a brief, intensive, mother-infant residential intervention on PSE and infant behaviour. METHODS: 83 primiparous women with infants aged 0-12months admitted to a residential parent-infant ...
Benzies Karen M - - 2013
Preterm infants are at greater risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities than full term infants. Interventions supporting parents to improve the quality of the infant's environment should improve developmental outcomes for preterm infants. Many interventions that involve parents do not measure parental change, nor is it clear which intervention components are associated ...
Doak Colleen M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In many cultures, simple herbal infusions, thin gruels, or sweetened water (agüitas in Guatemalan parlance) are given to infants and toddlers. Formative research has shown that the use of agüitas in early child feeding is deeply embedded in Guatemalan culture. OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence and timing of the ...
Lawrence Rachael - - 2013
Laryngomalacia describes the inward collapse of supraglottic structures on inspiration. The classic presenting symptom of congenital laryngomalacia is inspiratory stridor which may be intermittent in nature and typically worsens with feeding, crying, supine positioning and agitation [1]. It is the most common cause of stridor in infants and neonates [1]. ...
Anilkumar M G MG JSS Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, Karnataka - - 2013
Gastric teratomas are very rare tumors accounting for less than 1 % of all teratomas of infants and children. Little more than 100 cases of gastric teratomas are reported in the literature; out of which, very few of them are of immature variety. Complete excision of the gastric teratoma carries a ...
Galbally Megan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine if babies breastfed at 6 months of age were more likely to wake at night and less likely to sleep alone than formula-fed babies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were drawn from the first wave of The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, an ongoing, nationally ...
Wall Clare Rosemary - - 2013
BACKGROUND: New Zealand in 2008 adopted WHO policy which recommends that all infants are exclusively breast fed until 6 months of age. The benefits of this policy for the infant are undisputed; however, this policy has the potential to adversely impact on infant vitamin D status. A number of countries ...
Allely C S CS Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, RHSC Yorkhill, Glasgow, Scotland, UK. - - 2013
This study investigated the utility of adult and infant vocalisation in the prediction of child psychopathology. Families were sampled from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort. Vocalisation patterns were obtained from 180 videos (60 cases and 120 randomly selected sex-matched controls) of parent-infant interactions when ...
Fallon Barbara - - 2013
The most effective way to provide support to caregivers with infants in order to promote good health, social, emotional and developmental outcomes is the subject of numerous debates in the literature. In Canada, each province adopts a different approach which range from universal to targeted programs. Nonetheless, each year ...
Schwichtenberg A J - - 2013
Infants born preterm are at elevated risk for social emotional difficulties. However, factors contributing to this risk are largely understudied. Within the present study, we explored infant sleep as a biosocial factor that may play a role in infant social emotional development. Within a prospective longitudinal design, we examined parent-reported ...
Tanaka Keiko - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate the association between infant feeding practices and the development of early childhood caries (ECC). Subjects were 315 children. Information about the variables under study and potential confounding factors were obtained by questionnaire during pregnancy and when the children were two to ...
Matsuda Yoshi-Taka - - 2013
'Infant shyness', in which infants react shyly to adult strangers, presents during the third quarter of the first year. Researchers claim that shy children over the age of three years are experiencing approach-avoidance conflicts. Counter-intuitively, shy children do not avoid the eyes when scanning faces; rather, they spend more time ...
Bashir Amal O - - 2013
Sudan is classified as having insufficient progress in achieving the Millennium Development Goal (MDG-4), where the levels of child and infant mortality are among the highest in the region and the world. This study investigated factors associated with neonatal mortality in Sudan. Neonatal death is defined as death within the ...
Blouin Brittany - - 2013
Evidence from randomized controlled trials has shown that delayed cord-clamping is beneficial to infant iron status. The role of maternal anaemia in this relationship, however, has not been established. To determine the effect of maternal anaemia at delivery on the association between timing of umbilical cord-clamping and infant anaemia at ...
Horta Bernardo L - - 2013
Performance in intelligence tests tends to be higher among individuals breastfed as infants, but little is known about the association between breastfeeding and achieved schooling. We assessed the association of infant feeding with school achievement in five cohorts from low- and middle-income countries. Unlike high-income country settings where most previous ...
Bernstein Rosemary E - - 2013
Adult caregivers' idealization of their parents as assessed by the Adult Attachment Interview is a risk factor for the intergenerational transmission of the insecure-avoidant attachment style. This study evaluated a briefer screening approach for identifying parental idealization, testing the utility of prenatal maternal self-report measures of recalled betrayal trauma and ...
Odd David - - 2013
To investigate if the lack of gestational age correction may explain some of the school failure seen in ex-preterm infants. A cohort study based on the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). The primary outcome was a low Key Stage 1 score (KS1) score at age 7 or ...
Virtala Paula - - 2013
Neural encoding of abstract rules in the audition of newborn infants has been recently demonstrated in several studies using event-related potentials (ERPs). In the present study the neural encoding of Western music chords was investigated in newborn infants. Using ERPs, we examined whether the categorizations of major vs. minor and ...
Cohen David D Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France. - - 2013
Whether development of autism impacts the interactive process between an infant and his/her parents remains an unexplored issue. Using computational analysis taking into account synchronic behaviors and emotional prosody (parentese), we assessed the course of infants' responses to parents' type of speech in home movies from typically developing (TD) infants ...
Bork Kirsten K Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMI233 IRD/UM1, Montpellier, France. - - 2013
To assess breastfeeding modes and determinants in a prevention of mother-to-child transmission study. HIV-1-infected pregnant women from 5 sites in Burkina Faso, Kenya, and South Africa were enrolled in the study that comprised 2 prospective cohorts and 1 randomized controlled trial. Women were counseled to either breastfeed exclusively up to ...
Dusing Stacey C SC Motor Development Laboratory, Department of Physical Therapy, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA. - - 2013
Infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks of gestation) account for 350 000 US births per year, are at risk for developmental delays, and are rarely included in intervention studies. To describe a novel parent-delivered movement intervention program for very young infants and outcomes following intervention and to evaluate the feasibility ...
McAnulty Gloria G Department of Psychiatry, Neurobehavioral Infant and Child Studies, Enders Pediatric Research Laboratories, EN-107, Children's Hospital Boston, Harvard Medical School, 320 Longwood Avenue, 02115, Boston, MA, USA. - - 2013
The experience in the newborn intensive care nursery results in premature infants' neurobehavioral and neurophysiological dysfunction and poorer brain structure. Preterms with severe intrauterine growth restriction are doubly jeopardized given their compromised brains. The Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program improved outcome at early school-age for preterms with appropriate ...
Shah Prachi E - - 2012
We explored associations among preterm status (very preterm infant (VPI: <30 weeks), moderate preterm (MPI: 30-33(6/7) weeks), late preterm (LPI: 34-36(6/7) weeks), parenting, and 3-year cognitive and behavioral outcomes. We hypothesized that LPIs would demonstrate better health and neurobehavioral outcomes compared with more premature infants, and that preterm status would ...
Winder Breanna M - - 2012
Communication spontaneously initiated by infants at heightened risk (HR; n = 15) for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is compared with that in low-risk (LR; n = 15) infants at 13 and 18 months of age. Infants were observed longitudinally during naturalistic in-home interaction and semistructured play with caregivers. At both ...
Hayes Lisa J LJ Department of Psychology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2013
Although high rates of attachment disorganization have been observed in infants of depressed mothers, little is known about the role of antenatal depression as a precursor to infant attachment disorganization. The primary aim of this study was to examine associations between maternal antenatal depression and infant disorganization at 12 months ...
Souza Amaury de - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether climate variability influences the number of hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in infants, children, and adults in the city of Campo Grande, Brazil. METHODS: We used daily data on admissions for respiratory diseases, precipitation, air temperature, humidity, and wind speed for the 2004-2008 period. We calculated the ...
Out Dorothée - - 2012
This is the first study on adults' physiological reactivity to infant cry sounds and the association with intended harsh parenting using salivary α-amylase (sAA) as a novel and noninvasive marker of autonomic nervous system activity. The sample consisted of 184 adult twin pairs. In an experimental design, cry sounds were ...
Moore Elisabeth P - - 2012
Our patient's sleepless parents sought care for their infant's mysteriously injured toes.
Brecht Carrie C Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and Department of Psychology, PGSP-Stanford Psy.D. - - 2012
Premature birth has been associated with a number of adverse maternal psychological outcomes that include depression, anxiety, and trauma as well as adverse effects on maternal coping ability and parenting style. Infants and children who were premature are more likely to have poorer cognitive and developmental functioning and, thus, may ...
Demers Lindsay B - - 2012
A total of 122 parent-infant dyads were observed as they watched a familiar or novel infant-directed video in a laboratory setting. Infants were between 12-15 and 18-21 months old. Infants were more likely to look toward the TV immediately following their parents' look toward the TV. This apparent social influence on ...
Muzik Maria M Department of Psychiatry and Depression Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2701, USA. - - 2013
Our goal was to examine the trajectory of bonding impairment across the first 6 months postpartum in the context of maternal risk, including maternal history of childhood abuse and neglect and postpartum psychopathology, and to test the association between self-reported bonding impairment and observed positive parenting behaviors. In a sample of ...
Murray A L - - 2012
To identify demographic and relationship characteristics associated with paternity establishment for children born to adolescent mothers. PARTICIPANTS, SETTING, AND DESIGN: This prospective cohort study included 300 pregnant adolescents 12-19 years old, presenting for prenatal care between March 2002 and February 2005. Demographic and relationship characteristics were compared based on paternity ...
Hyde Rebecca - - 2012
OBJECTIVES:To determine whether maternal report of infant behavioral dysregulation at 6 months is associated with a higher prevalence of behavioral concerns at 5, 14, and 21 years of age; and to assess the extent to which maternal and social factors may affect reported child behavior outcomes.METHODS:From the Mater-University of Queensland ...
Santos Hellen Geremias Dos - - 2012
This study compared risk factors for infant mortality in 2000-2001 and 2007-2008 in Londrina, Paraná State, Brazil. Data on live births and infant deaths were linked in a single database, and a hierarchical regression model was used. Distal risk factors for infant mortality in 2000-2001 were maternal age < 20 ...
Uzun Aysun Kara - - 2012
Abstract Objective: To determine the risk factors of adolescent pregnancies and to ascertain the effects of this condition on the maternal and infant outcomes. Methods: The study was carried out on 100 adolescent mothers less than 20 years of age and on a same number of adult mothers between 22 ...
Chen Han-Yang - - 2012
Objective We assessed the association among gestational age (GA) at birth, timing of death, and risk status of the pregnancy and racial/ethnic disparities in infant mortality rate in the United States.Study Design We utilized U.S. 2000 to 2004 birth cohort-linked birth and infant death data restricted to nonanomalous singleton live births. Multivariable ...
Fotso Jean Christophe - - 2012
Summary The majority of studies of the birth spacing-child survival relationship rely on retrospective data, which are vulnerable to errors that might bias results. The relationship is re-assessed using prospective data on 13,502 children born in two Nairobi slums between 2003 and 2009. Nearly 48% were first births. Among the ...
Cheong Jeanie Ly - - 2012
Preterm birth rates in Australia have risen in the last two decades, mostly accounted for by the rise in late preterm births. Late preterm births (34-36 weeks) comprise 70% of all preterm births, which translates to approximately 16 000 births annually in Australia. The precise causes for this trend are unclear; however, ...
White-Traut Rosemary - - 2012
Although sensitive maternal behaviors improve later quality of mother-infant interaction and subsequently infant development, little is known regarding how an intervention might promote early premature infant social interactive behavior. This study compared the frequency of premature infant engagement and disengagement behaviors during two maternally administered interventions, the multi-sensory auditory, tactile, ...
Manar Jijene - - 2012
Israeli-Arab birthing mothers use epidural anesthesia in labor markedly less than their Israeli-Jewish counterparts. This study modeled the mothers' choice to agree to epidural anesthesia or not, using the Ajzen and Madden Theory of Reasoned Action. A convenience sample of one hundred was drawn from women coming to two hospitals ...
Abdelhamid Adel E - - 2012
Thrombotic disease of the newborn is uncommon but usually associated with serious morbidity and mortality. Although the operating mechanisms of coagulation and fibrinolysis are the same in all age groups, plasma concentrations of the two systems' components are significantly different in neonates compared to children and adults. This places neonates ...
El-Khuffash Afif F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants causes profound hemodynamic changes that can result in low cardiac output syndrome and hypotension. The effect of PDA ligation on left ventricular myocardial function has not been studied using tissue Doppler and myocardial deformation imaging, mainly because of the ...
Kaempf Joseph W - - 2012
: Delayed umbilical cord clamping is reported to increase neonatal blood volume. We estimated the clinical outcomes in premature neonates who had delayed umbilical cord clamping compared with a similar group who had early umbilical cord clamping. : This was a before-after investigation comparing early umbilical cord clamping with delayed ...
Kaltner Melissa - - 2012
This study describes the incidence of head injuries caused by abuse in an Australian infant sample. The frequency of abusive head trauma established by the study is comparable with that reported both internationally and for age-incidence peaks of alternate forms of childhood injury, highlighting the need for investment in prevention ...
Leviton Alan - - 2012
The unresponsiveness of the full-term newborn is sometimes attributed to asphyxia, even when no severe physiologic disturbance occurred during labor and delivery. The controversy about whether to use the name "hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy" or "newborn encephalopathy" has recently flared in publications directed toward pediatricians and neurologists. In this clinic opinion piece, ...
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