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Results 51 - 100 of 1216
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Shumey Ashenafi - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is critical for the wellbeing of the child. In the mean while, timely initiation and starting nutritionally-adequate, safe, age-appropriate complementary feeding at six months is recommended for the better health and development of infants. According to the Ethiopian Demographic and ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2013
Is it always or necessarily the case that common and important parenting practices are better, insofar as they occur more often, or worse, because they occur less often? Perhaps, less is more, or some is more. To address this question, we studied mothers' microcoded contingent responsiveness to their infants (M ...
Goyal Neera K NK MSc, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, 3333 Burnet Ave, ML# 7009, Cincinnati, OH 45229. - - 2013
Home visiting programs seek to improve care management for women at high risk for preterm birth (<37 weeks). Our objective was to evaluate the effect of home visiting dosage on preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Retrospective cohort study of women in southwest Ohio with a singleton ...
Fan Angela P - - 2013
Existing theories suggest that the mother-infant relationship has a potentially significant effect on long-term adult mental health, but there are few empirical data to support this view. Even fewer prior studies have examined the specific dynamics of the mother-infant relationship and their association with adult mental health. A total of ...
Putnam-Hornstein Emily - - 2013
To examine whether infants reported for maltreatment face a heightened risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other leading causes of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Linked birth and infant death records for all children born in California between 1999 and 2006 were matched to administrative child protection data. ...
Khanal Vishnu - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months can have a significant impact on reducing child morbidity and mortality rates. The objective of this study was to compare the determinants of and trends in EBF in infants <=5 months from the 2006 and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. Data ...
Dani Carlo C Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) play a main role in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) from adult donors may be an actual source of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 because it contains higher concentrations. The objective was to evaluate whether FFP transfusions can ...
Youngblut Joanne M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:After a child's death, parents may experience depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and increased risk for cancers, diabetes, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide. Racial/ethnic differences are unknown. This longitudinal study investigated health and functioning of Hispanic, black, and white parents through 13 months after NICU/PICU death.METHODS:Parents (176 mothers, 73 fathers) of ...
Brosens Ivo - - 2013
We elaborate on a new theory to explain pelvic endometriosis, including endometriosis in premenarcheal girls, based on the finding that the neonatal endometrium can display secretory activity immediately after birth and, in some cases, changes analogous to those seen at menstruation in adults. The neonatal uterus is therefore capable of ...
Verhage Marije L - - 2013
Infant temperamental characteristics have been found associated with decreasing parenting self-efficacy (PSE) during the first year after birth, which has been generally interpreted as a child effect on the parent. To test direction of effects, PSE was assessed during the third trimester of pregnancy and twice after birth together with ...
Martins Eunice Francisca - - 2013
to analyze the social inequalities in the distribution of perinatal mortality in Belo Horizonte. the perinatal deaths of residents in Belo Horizonte in the period 2003 to 2007 were studied on the basis of the Information Systems on Mortality and Newborns. The space analysis and the Health Vulnerability Index were ...
Frederiksen Brittni B Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, - - 2013
The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is increasing worldwide, with the most rapid increase among children younger than 5 years of age. To examine the associations between perinatal and infant exposures, especially early infant diet, and the development of T1DM. The Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young (DAISY) ...
Gamma Franziska - - 2013
Identifying early developmental indicators of risk for schizophrenia is important for prediction and possibly illness prevention. Disturbed intermodality has been proposed as one important neurodevelopmental risk for schizophrenia. Early intermodal integration (EII) is the infant's ability to link motility and perception and to relate perception across modalities. We hypothesized that ...
Tian Niu - - 2013
Data are limited on usual sodium and potassium intakes relative to age-specific recommendations and the sodium:potassium ratio in infants and preschoolers, especially among those aged <2 y, who are black or breastfed. The usual sodium intake above the Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs), potassium intakes above Adequate Intakes (AIs), the ...
Vang Zoua M - - 2013
We examined the association between neighborhood minority diversity and infant birthweight among non-Hispanic US-born black women and foreign-born black women from Sub-Saharan Africa and the non-Spanish speaking Caribbean using 2002-2006 vital statistics birth record data from the state of New Jersey (n = 73,907). We used a standardized entropy score to measure ...
Taylor Margot J - - 2013
The majority, but not all, of very preterm-born infants have difficulties with a variety of cognitive functions as children. It is critical to be able to predict as early as possible those who will have difficulties, to be able to direct appropriate interventions. We are conducting multimodal structural and functional ...
Greenough Anne - - 2013
Chronic respiratory morbidity is a common adverse outcome of very premature birth, particularly in infants who had developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Prematurely born infants who had BPD may require supplementary oxygen at home for many months and affected infants have increased healthcare utilisation until school age. Chest radiograph abnormalities are ...
Konduri G G - - 2013
Objective:We conducted a post-hoc analysis of early inhaled nitric oxide (iNO)-randomized controlled trial data to identify associations pertinent to the management of moderate hypoxic respiratory failure in term/late preterm infants.Study design:Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine risk factors for the progression of respiratory failure and extracorporeal ...
Parfitt Ylva - - 2013
The aims of the current study were to examine the effect of fathers' and mothers' pre and postnatal mental health on mother-infant and father-infant interactions. Mental health was broadly defined to include anxiety, depression and PTSD. A community sample of 44 mothers and 40 fathers from 45 families completed questionnaire ...
Del Rosario Mithi - - 2013
Temperament atypicalities have been documented in infancy and early development in children who develop autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The current study investigates whether there are differences in developmental trajectories of temperament between infants and toddlers with and without ASD. Parents of infant siblings of children with autism completed the Carey ...
Grant Kathie A - - 2013
Botulism is a rare, but extremely serious, disease and Public Health England is responsible for its diagnosis and surveillance in the UK. Over the past five years (2008-2013), the most common form of the disease recognised in the UK has been infant botulism. The aim of this article is to ...
Shapiro-Mendoza Carrie - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To compare the prevalence of and characteristics associated with early intervention (EI) program enrollment among infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks' gestation), early term (37-38 weeks' gestation), and term (39-41 weeks' gestation).METHODS:A Massachusetts cohort of 554 974 singleton infants born during 1998 through 2005 and survived the neonatal period was followed ...
Lam Jessica - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:: To assess the effect of maternal CYP2D6, CYP3A5, ABCB1, and OPRM1 polymorphisms in predicting both neonatal and maternal central nervous system depression after oxycodone use during lactation. STUDY DESIGN:: A nested case-control study in 67 breastfeeding mother-infant pairs exposed to oxycodone was conducted. Cases were defined as parental reports ...
Jessri Mahsa - - 2013
The aim of this study was to examine the barriers to following complementary feeding guidelines among Middle Eastern mothers and the cultural considerations of practitioners from an emic perspective. This is a two-phase focused ethnographic assessment of infant feeding among 22 Middle Eastern mothers in Western Canada who had healthy ...
Prady Stephanie L - - 2013
Ethnic minority children in the United Kingdom often experience health disadvantage. Parenting influences children's current and future health, but little is known about whether parenting behaviours and mother's perception of her infant vary by ethnicity. Using the Born in Bradford (BiB) birth cohort, which is located in an ethnically diverse ...
Bridgett David J - - 2013
There has been increasing interest in the direct and indirect effects of parental self-regulation on children's outcomes. In the present investigation, the effects of maternal self-regulation, home chaos, and inter-parental relationship adjustment on broad and specific indicators of infant negative emotionality (NE) were examined. A sample of maternal caregivers and ...
Berlin Lisa J LJ Universityof Maryland School of Social Work, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2013
Child maltreatment is a serious public health problem that disproportionately affects infants and toddlers. In the interest of informing prevention and intervention efforts, this study examined pregnant women's attributions about infants as a risk factor for child maltreatment and harsh parenting during their children's first and second years. We also ...
Raj Dinesh - - 2013
The authors report an infant with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) with Pneumocystis pneumonia who developed secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). This is the youngest infant reported to develop PAP secondary to Pneumocystis infection in an immunocompromised state. He was effectively managed with anti-microbials, frequent lung toilet, optimized mechanical ventilation, and ...
Varghese S S Christian Medical College, Vellore 632002, Tamil Nadu, India. Department of Community - - 2013
Background. Violence against women may have an impact on infant and child mortality. We aimed to determine whether domestic violence is a risk factor for infant and child death. Methods. Eighty infant and child deaths (under 5 years of age) were identified from a central register of a comprehensive community ...
Heinemann A-B - - 2013
AIMS: To describe parents' experiences of factors that influenced their stay with their extremely preterm infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHOD: This study has a qualitative descriptive design based on semi-structured interviews conducted with seven mothers and six fathers. RESULTS: Opportunities to stay overnight together with their ...
Baker Erika - - 2013
Low autonomic nervous system activity is claimed to be a biomarker for aggressive and antisocial behavior. Although there is evidence that low skin conductance activity (SCA) accounts for variation in the severity of antisocial behavior and predicts the onset of aggression in children and adults, it is unknown whether SCA ...
Padilla Cindy M CM EHESP School of Public Health -Sorbonne Paris Cité - Rennes, France. - - 2013
Mapping spatial distributions of disease occurrence can serve as a useful tool for identifying exposures of public health concern. Infant mortality is an important indicator of the health status of a population. Recent literature suggests that neighborhood deprivation status can modify the effect of air pollution on preterm delivery, a ...
Uppal Preena - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Immigration is increasingly common worldwide and its impact on neonatal intensive care unit outcomes is uncertain. AIMS: To determine the outcomes of children of immigrant mothers admitted to NICUs in New South Wales (NSW), Australia, between 2000 and 2006. STUDY DESIGN: Record linkage study of routinely collected state-based health ...
Roda Célina - - 2013
Although formaldehyde is a common indoor pollutant, its impact on respiratory symptoms in childhood remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between domestic formaldehyde exposure and occurrence of coughing, one of the most prevalent respiratory symptoms during the first year of life of infants from ...
McDonald Chloe R - - 2013
The in utero environment can have a profound impact on early brain development and subsequent childhood school performance and behavior. Over 125 million pregnant women are at risk of malaria each year, yet the impact of in utero malaria exposure on the neurological and cognitive development of their exposed infants ...
KonefaƂ Halina - - 2013
To assess whether school-age spirometry and lung volume outcomes of preterm infants with history of moderate to severe respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), born in the surfactant era and treated with conventional mechanical ventilation (IMV) and discharged home with or without the diagnosis of BPD (chronic lung disease of prematurity), differ ...
Green Jonathan - - 2013
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base behind ...
Walker Lynne J - - 2013
Parents of infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) experience one of the most stressful events of their lives. At times, they are unable to participate fully, if at all, in the care of their infant. Parents in the NICU have a need to participate in the care of ...
Bick Johanna - - 2013
Infants in foster care need sensitive, responsive caregivers to promote their healthy outcomes. The current study examined the effectiveness of the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up Intervention, a short-term, targeted, attachment-based intervention program designed to promote sensitive caregiving behavior among foster mothers. Ninety-six foster mother-infant dyads participated in this study; 44 ...
Radwan Hadia - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is the preferred method of feeding for the infant. The present study aimed at investigating the different infant feeding practices and the influencing factors in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). METHODS: A convenient sample of 593 Emirati mothers who had infants up to 2 years of age ...
Paxton Georgia A - - 2013
* The recommended level for serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in infants, children, adolescents and during pregnancy and lactation is ≥ 50 nmol/L. This level may need to be 10-20 nmol/L higher at the end of summer to maintain levels ≥ 50 nmol/L over winter and spring. * Sunlight is the ...
Kohlhoff Jane - - 2013
BACKGROUND: This study examined predictors of parenting self-efficacy (PSE) in a sample of first-time mothers during the first year after childbirth and evaluated the effect of a brief, intensive, mother-infant residential intervention on PSE and infant behaviour. METHODS: 83 primiparous women with infants aged 0-12months admitted to a residential parent-infant ...
Benzies Karen M - - 2013
Preterm infants are at greater risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities than full term infants. Interventions supporting parents to improve the quality of the infant's environment should improve developmental outcomes for preterm infants. Many interventions that involve parents do not measure parental change, nor is it clear which intervention components are associated ...
Doak Colleen M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In many cultures, simple herbal infusions, thin gruels, or sweetened water (agüitas in Guatemalan parlance) are given to infants and toddlers. Formative research has shown that the use of agüitas in early child feeding is deeply embedded in Guatemalan culture. OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence and timing of the ...
Lawrence Rachael - - 2013
Laryngomalacia describes the inward collapse of supraglottic structures on inspiration. The classic presenting symptom of congenital laryngomalacia is inspiratory stridor which may be intermittent in nature and typically worsens with feeding, crying, supine positioning and agitation [1]. It is the most common cause of stridor in infants and neonates [1]. ...
Anilkumar M G MG JSS Medical College, JSS University, Mysore, Karnataka - - 2013
Gastric teratomas are very rare tumors accounting for less than 1 % of all teratomas of infants and children. Little more than 100 cases of gastric teratomas are reported in the literature; out of which, very few of them are of immature variety. Complete excision of the gastric teratoma carries a ...
Galbally Megan - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine if babies breastfed at 6 months of age were more likely to wake at night and less likely to sleep alone than formula-fed babies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were drawn from the first wave of The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children, an ongoing, nationally ...
Wall Clare Rosemary - - 2013
BACKGROUND: New Zealand in 2008 adopted WHO policy which recommends that all infants are exclusively breast fed until 6 months of age. The benefits of this policy for the infant are undisputed; however, this policy has the potential to adversely impact on infant vitamin D status. A number of countries ...
Allely C S CS Institute of Health and Wellbeing, University of Glasgow, RHSC Yorkhill, Glasgow, Scotland, UK. - - 2013
This study investigated the utility of adult and infant vocalisation in the prediction of child psychopathology. Families were sampled from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) birth cohort. Vocalisation patterns were obtained from 180 videos (60 cases and 120 randomly selected sex-matched controls) of parent-infant interactions when ...
Fallon Barbara - - 2013
The most effective way to provide support to caregivers with infants in order to promote good health, social, emotional and developmental outcomes is the subject of numerous debates in the literature. In Canada, each province adopts a different approach which range from universal to targeted programs. Nonetheless, each year ...
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