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Muscat Tracey T School of Psychology and Counseling and Institute for Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, - - 2014
Young infants may have irregular sleeping and feeding patterns. Such regulation difficulties are known correlates of maternal depressive symptoms. Parental beliefs about their role in regulating infant behaviors also may play a role. We investigated the association of depressive symptoms with infant feeding/sleeping behaviors, parent regulation beliefs, and the interaction ...
Neupane Subas S School of Health Sciences, FI - 33014 University of Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study investigated individual, community and district level factors associated with neonatal mortality among a national sample of Nepalese women. Data were drawn from the 2006 Nepalese Demographic and Health Survey on women aged 15-49 who delivered within three years prior to the survey (N=4136). Multilevel logistic regression models with ...
Perrin Eliana M EM Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, - - 2014
To examine parental reports of feeding and activity behaviors in a cohort of parents of 2-month-olds and how they differ by race/ethnicity. Parents participating in Greenlight, a cluster, randomized trial of obesity prevention at 4 health centers, were queried at enrollment about feeding and activity behaviors thought to increase obesity ...
Flykt Marjo - - 2014
Parent-child relationship is created already in prenatal fantasies and expectations of the child-to-be. Negative violation of these expectations after the child is born is known to be harmful for the parent-child relationship. Yet, research is scarce about the medical and psychological factors contributing to violated expectations (VE). This study models ...
Lemos Letícia Vargas Freire Martins LV Universidade Estadual Paulista ?Júlio de Mesquita Filho?, São José dos Campos, SP, - - 2014
Objective : To analyze the interference of age in the entrance into a public dental care program for infants as well as family behavioral aspects about tooth decay experience in children 0 to 4 years old. Methods : Cross-sectional study involving 465 children who were divided into 3 groups: infants ...
Mah Beth L BL Mothers and Babies Research Centre, Hunter Medical Research Institute, NSW, Australia; Parent and Infant Mental Health Service, Wallsend, NSW, - - 2014
Successful parenting requires maternal behaviors that promote infant survival such as protection from predators. In animal studies, oxytocin (OT) has been linked to maternal aggression to protect offspring. No human study has explored this topic. Mothers with a diagnosis of postnatal depression (PND) are at higher risk of neglecting their ...
Welander Adina A *Clinical Epidemiology Unit, Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden †Div. of Pediatrics, Linköping University, and University Hospital, Östergötland County Council, Linköping, Sweden ‡Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Örebro University Hospital & Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden §Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, United Kingdom ||Department of pediatrics, Örebro University Hospital, Örebro, - - 2014
Both breastfeeding duration and age at gluten introduction have been implicated in the pathogenesis of celiac disease (CD). We hypothesized that parental CD affects the feeding pattern of the offspring, mediated by parental health awareness increasing adherence to infant feeding guidelines. Prospectively collected infant feeding data were obtained through the ...
Webb Sara Jane SJ University of Washington , Seattle, WA , - - 2014
Abstract The first Autism Research Matrix (IACC, 2003) listed the identification of behavioural and biological markers of risk for autism as a top priority. This emphasis was based on the hypothesis that intervention with infants at-risk, at an early age when the brain is developing and before core autism symptoms ...
Colen Cynthia G CG Department of Sociology, Ohio State University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Breastfeeding rates in the U.S. are socially patterned. Previous research has documented startling racial and socioeconomic disparities in infant feeding practices. However, much of the empirical evidence regarding the effects of breastfeeding on long-term child health and wellbeing does not adequately address the high degree of selection into breastfeeding. To ...
Riva Crugnola Cristina C Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Early motherhood is considered a risk factor for an adequate relationship between mother and infant and for the subsequent development of the infant. The principal aim of the study is to analyze micro-analytically the effect of motherhood in adolescence on the quality of mother-infant interaction and emotion regulation at three ...
Clutterbuck Stephanie S Centre for Behaviour and Evolution, Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2014
Women experiencing greater childhood adversity exhibit faster reproductive trajectories. One possible psychological mechanism underlying this phenomenon is an increased interest in infants. Interest in infants is thought to be an adaptation important for successful rearing as it motivates the acquisition of caretaking skills. We investigated the relationships between childhood adversity, ...
Goyal M M Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, SGT Dental College, Hospital and Research Institute, Budhera, 122505, Gurgaon, - - 2014
Newborns with cleft palate have a distorted maxillary arch at birth. Depending upon the type of cleft, infants suffer from a variety of problems, many of which are related to feeding difficulties. Feeding these babies is an immediate concern because there is evidence of delayed growth of children with cleft ...
Adedini Sunday A SA * Demography and Population Studies Programme, Schools of Public Health and Social Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South - - 2014
Summary There are substantial regional disparities in under-five mortality in Nigeria, and evidence suggests that both individual- and community-level characteristics have an influence on health outcomes. Using 2008 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey data, this study (1) examines the effects of individual- and community-level characteristics on infant/child mortality in Nigeria ...
Ahmed Salwa F SF From the *United States Naval Medical Research Unit No.3; †Ministry of Health and Population, Cairo, Egypt; ‡Rotavirus Vaccine Program, PATH, Seattle WA; and §MRC Diarrhoeal Pathogens Research Unit, MEDUNSA Campus, University of Limpopo, Pretoria, South - - 2014
Before the introduction of rotavirus vaccine in Egypt, information on the burden of disease and the circulating rotavirus genotypes is critical to monitor vaccine effectiveness. A cohort of 348 Egyptian children was followed from birth to 2 years of age with twice-weekly home visits to detect diarrheal illness. VP7 and ...
Brown Amy A Department of Public Health and Policy Studies, Swansea University, Swansea, United - - 2014
Popular parenting literature promotes different approaches to caring for infants, based around variations in the use of parent-led routines and promoting infant independence. However, there is little empirical evidence of how these early behaviours affect wider parenting choices such as infant feeding. Breastfeeding often requires an infant-led approach, feeding on ...
Yago Satoshi S Graduate school of Health Care Sciences, Child and Family Nursing, Tokyo Medical and Dental - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare father-infant interaction with mother-infant interaction, and explore differences and similarities between parents. Related factors for quality of father-infant interaction were also examined. Sixteen pairs of parents with infants aged 0 to 36 months were observed for play interaction between parents and their ...
Sachdeva Sandeep S Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, - - 2014
A hospital-based cross-sectional study was undertaken to determine proportion of gross congenital malformation (GCMF) occurring at intramural births. Rate of GCMF was found to be 16.4/1000 consecutive singleton births (>28 weeks) with three leading malformation as anencephaly (44.68%), talipes equinovarus (17.02%) and meningomyelocele (10.63%). Higher risk of malformed births were ...
Atay Enver - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the hematological status of severe vitamin B12 deficiency in infants and adolescents. This study involved 95 infants and 117 adolescents with severe plasma vitamin B12 deficiency (< 120 pg/ mL) and normal plasma folate and ferritin. Infants were aged between one and ...
Manduca Paola P Dept. Scienze della Terra, Ambientali e della Vita, University of Genoa, Genova 16132, Italy. - - 2014
This study was undertaken in Gaza, Palestine, in a cohort of babies born in 2011. Hair samples of newborns were analyzed for metal load by DRC-ICP-MS. We report specific level of contamination by teratogen/toxicants metals of newborn babies, environmentally unexposed, according to their phenotypes at birth: normal full term babies, ...
Joshi Prakash Chandra PC Department of Public Health, Central Institute of Science and Technology, Pokhara University, Kathmandu, Nepal ; James P. Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, - - 2014
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) means that the infant receives only breast milk for the first six months of life after birth. In Bangladesh, the prevalence of EBF remained largely unchanged for nearly two decades and was 43% in 2007. However, in 2011, a prevalence of 64% was reported, an increase by ...
Babu Giridhara R GR IIPH-H, Bangalore Campus, Public Health Foundation of India, Bangalore, Karnataka, - - 2014
The carbohydrate 'fuel' metabolism in a pregnant woman may have a long-term impact on the development of her offspring ('fuel-mediated teratogenesis' hypothesis) including in utero exposure to maternal hyperglycaemia leading to fetal hyperinsulinaemia, and the consequent increase in fetal fat cells. Therefore, a feed-forward loop can exist of rising adiposity ...
Ota Erika E Department of Health Policy, National Center for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, - - 2014
Small for gestational age (SGA) is not only a major indicator of perinatal mortality and morbidity, but also the morbidity risks in later in life. We aim to estimate the association between the birth of SGA infants and the risk factors and adverse perinatal outcomes among twenty-nine countries in Africa, ...
Singh Harsimrat H neoLAB, The Evelyn Perinatal Imaging Centre, Rosie Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK ; Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, - - 2014
Seizures in the newborn brain represent a major challenge to neonatal medicine. Neonatal seizures are poorly classified, under-diagnosed, difficult to treat and are associated with poor neurodevelopmental outcome. Video-EEG is the current gold-standard approach for seizure detection and monitoring. Interpreting neonatal EEG requires expertise and the impact of seizures on ...
Lavezzi Anna M AM "Lino Rossi" Research Center for the Study and Prevention of Unexpected Perinatal Death and SIDS Department of Biomedical, Surgical and Dental Sciences, University of Milan Milan, - - 2014
Experimental studies have demonstrated that the neurotrophin brain-derived neutrophic factor (BDNF) is required for the appropriate development of the central respiratory network, a neuronal complex in the brainstem of vital importance to sustaining life. The pontine Kölliker-Fuse nucleus (KFN) is a fundamental component of this circuitry with strong implications in ...
Coker-Bolt Patty P Division of Occupation Therapy, College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, - - 2014
To determine specific motor skills in premature infants, match those that correlate with standards tests of motor performance, and MRS measures of abnormal brain biochemistry. Prospective cohort study of preterm infants (n=22). Infant motor assessments were completed at term and 12 weeks corrected gestational age (CGA) using the Test of ...
Ladinig Andrea A Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences, Western College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, - - 2014
The severity of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome was compared in pregnant gilts originating from high and low birth weight litters. One-hundred and eleven pregnant gilts experimentally infected with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus on gestation day 85 (±1) were necropsied along with their fetuses 21 days later. Ovulation ...
Li Gang - - 2014
Cortical surface atlases play an increasingly important role for analysis, visualization, and comparison of results across different neuroimaging studies. As the first two years of life is the most dynamic period of postnatal structural and functional development of the highly-folded cerebral cortex, longitudinal (4D) cortical surface atlases for the infant ...
Hadders-Algra Mijna M Department of Pediatrics - Developmental Neurology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen , Groningen , - - 2014
This paper reviews the opportunities and challenges for early diagnosis and early intervention in cerebral palsy (CP). CP describes a group of disorders of the development of movement and posture, causing activity limitation that is attributed to disturbances that occurred in the fetal or infant brain. Therefore, the paper starts ...
Schore Allan N AN David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles Northridge, CA, - - 2014
There is now a strong if not urgent call in both the attachment and autism literatures for updated, research informed, clinically relevant interventions that can more effectively assess the mother infant dyad during early periods of brain plasticity. In this contribution I describe my work in regulation theory, an overarching ...
Brown Hilary K HK Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, Children's Health Research Institute, London, Canada, Department of Paediatrics, The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada and Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Western Ontario, London, - - 2013
The aim of this study was to elucidate the role of gestational age in determining the risk of neonatal morbidity among infants born late preterm (34-36 weeks) and early term (37-38 weeks) compared with those born full term (39-41 weeks) by examining the contribution of gestational age within the context ...
Munywoki Patrick K PK KEMRI - Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Kilifi, - - 2013
Background. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) vaccine development for direct protection of young infants faces substantial obstacles. Assessing the potential of indirect protection using different strategies such as targeting older children or mothers requires knowledge of the source of infection to the infants.Methods. We undertook a prospective study in rural Kenya. Households with ...
Ladewig Emma L EL Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Trinity College Dublin, , Dublin, - - 2013
Historically, breastfeeding rates in Ireland have been low compared with international averages. It has been suggested that maternal ethnicity and citizenship may influence breastfeeding rates, with ethnic minorities thought more likely to breast feed. The aim of this study is to investigate the association among maternal citizenship, ethnicity, birthplace and ...
Doamekpor Lauren Abla - - 2013
Infant mortality is the most widely used indicator of a nation's health status and is associated with a plethora of maternal and socioeconomic factors. Although the association between young and old maternal age and the risk of infant mortality is well established, the link between paternal age and birth outcomes ...
Shumey Ashenafi - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life is critical for the wellbeing of the child. In the mean while, timely initiation and starting nutritionally-adequate, safe, age-appropriate complementary feeding at six months is recommended for the better health and development of infants. According to the Ethiopian Demographic and ...
Bornstein Marc H - - 2013
Is it always or necessarily the case that common and important parenting practices are better, insofar as they occur more often, or worse, because they occur less often? Perhaps, less is more, or some is more. To address this question, we studied mothers' microcoded contingent responsiveness to their infants (M ...
Goyal Neera K NK MSc, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, 3333 Burnet Ave, ML# 7009, Cincinnati, OH 45229. - - 2013
Home visiting programs seek to improve care management for women at high risk for preterm birth (<37 weeks). Our objective was to evaluate the effect of home visiting dosage on preterm birth and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Retrospective cohort study of women in southwest Ohio with a singleton ...
Fan Angela P - - 2013
Existing theories suggest that the mother-infant relationship has a potentially significant effect on long-term adult mental health, but there are few empirical data to support this view. Even fewer prior studies have examined the specific dynamics of the mother-infant relationship and their association with adult mental health. A total of ...
Putnam-Hornstein Emily - - 2013
To examine whether infants reported for maltreatment face a heightened risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) and other leading causes of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID). Linked birth and infant death records for all children born in California between 1999 and 2006 were matched to administrative child protection data. ...
Khanal Vishnu - - 2013
Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months can have a significant impact on reducing child morbidity and mortality rates. The objective of this study was to compare the determinants of and trends in EBF in infants <=5 months from the 2006 and 2011 Nepal Demographic and Health Surveys. Data ...
Dani Carlo C Department of Neurosciences, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) play a main role in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Fresh-frozen plasma (FFP) from adult donors may be an actual source of IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 because it contains higher concentrations. The objective was to evaluate whether FFP transfusions can ...
Youngblut Joanne M - - 2013
BACKGROUND:After a child's death, parents may experience depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and increased risk for cancers, diabetes, psychiatric hospitalization, and suicide. Racial/ethnic differences are unknown. This longitudinal study investigated health and functioning of Hispanic, black, and white parents through 13 months after NICU/PICU death.METHODS:Parents (176 mothers, 73 fathers) of ...
Brosens Ivo - - 2013
We elaborate on a new theory to explain pelvic endometriosis, including endometriosis in premenarcheal girls, based on the finding that the neonatal endometrium can display secretory activity immediately after birth and, in some cases, changes analogous to those seen at menstruation in adults. The neonatal uterus is therefore capable of ...
Verhage Marije L - - 2013
Infant temperamental characteristics have been found associated with decreasing parenting self-efficacy (PSE) during the first year after birth, which has been generally interpreted as a child effect on the parent. To test direction of effects, PSE was assessed during the third trimester of pregnancy and twice after birth together with ...
Martins Eunice Francisca - - 2013
to analyze the social inequalities in the distribution of perinatal mortality in Belo Horizonte. the perinatal deaths of residents in Belo Horizonte in the period 2003 to 2007 were studied on the basis of the Information Systems on Mortality and Newborns. The space analysis and the Health Vulnerability Index were ...
Frederiksen Brittni B Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, - - 2013
The incidence of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is increasing worldwide, with the most rapid increase among children younger than 5 years of age. To examine the associations between perinatal and infant exposures, especially early infant diet, and the development of T1DM. The Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young (DAISY) ...
Gamma Franziska - - 2013
Identifying early developmental indicators of risk for schizophrenia is important for prediction and possibly illness prevention. Disturbed intermodality has been proposed as one important neurodevelopmental risk for schizophrenia. Early intermodal integration (EII) is the infant's ability to link motility and perception and to relate perception across modalities. We hypothesized that ...
Tian Niu - - 2013
Data are limited on usual sodium and potassium intakes relative to age-specific recommendations and the sodium:potassium ratio in infants and preschoolers, especially among those aged <2 y, who are black or breastfed. The usual sodium intake above the Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs), potassium intakes above Adequate Intakes (AIs), the ...
Vang Zoua M - - 2013
We examined the association between neighborhood minority diversity and infant birthweight among non-Hispanic US-born black women and foreign-born black women from Sub-Saharan Africa and the non-Spanish speaking Caribbean using 2002-2006 vital statistics birth record data from the state of New Jersey (n = 73,907). We used a standardized entropy score to measure ...
Taylor Margot J - - 2013
The majority, but not all, of very preterm-born infants have difficulties with a variety of cognitive functions as children. It is critical to be able to predict as early as possible those who will have difficulties, to be able to direct appropriate interventions. We are conducting multimodal structural and functional ...
Greenough Anne - - 2013
Chronic respiratory morbidity is a common adverse outcome of very premature birth, particularly in infants who had developed bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Prematurely born infants who had BPD may require supplementary oxygen at home for many months and affected infants have increased healthcare utilisation until school age. Chest radiograph abnormalities are ...
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