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Trevisanuto D - - 2003
AIMS: To measure and compare cardiac troponin I, cardiac troponin T and creatine kinase MB concentrations in the umbilical cord blood of healthy term infants and to investigate the relationship between maternal and neonatal troponin values at birth. METHODS: Troponin I, troponin T and creatine kinase MB concentrations were measured ...
Sivan Eyal - - 2003
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived plasma protein with insulin-sensitizing and antiatherosclerotic properties. The aim of this study was to examine whether adiponectin is present in human fetal blood, to define its association with fetal birth weight, and to evaluate whether dynamic changes in adiponectin levels occur during the early neonatal period. ...
Protonotariou E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine postnatal changes in neonatal serum concentrations of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-4 (IL-4) and its soluble receptor (sIL-4R). METHODS: Forty-five healthy term neonates, 25 of the neonates' mothers and 27 healthy adults (controls) participated in the study. Cytokine concentrations were measured in blood samples from the umbilical cord, from ...
Sarandakou Angeliki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: After birth, apoptosis rates might slow down, compared to those in utero. Thus, factors, attenuating the apoptotic process, like the soluble forms of Fas/FasL system, may increase. AIM-STUDY DESIGN: Soluble Fas (sFas) and soluble Fas ligand (sFasL) concentrations were measured in maternal serum (MS), umbilical cord (UC) and neonatal ...
Pezzati Marco - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of 2 cord-care regimens (salicylic sugar powder vs chlorhexidine as a 4% detergent water solution) on cord separation time and other outcomes in preterm infants. METHODS: A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 244 preterm newborns with a gestational age of <34 weeks and ...
Victory Rahi - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the relationship/predictive value of umbilical cord pH and base excess (BE) values to adverse neonatal outcomes for preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: A tertiary center perinatal/neonatal database was used to obtain umbilical cord pH and BE values, adverse neonatal outcomes, and patient demographics for preterm ...
Samsami Dehaghani A - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate placental transfer of anti-tetanus immunoglobulin (Ig)G antibodies in Iranian mothers. METHODS: Sera collected from 209 pregnant women and their paired infants were evaluated for tetanus-specific antibodies by a commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: In total, 15 (7.2%) out of 209 mothers and 12 (5.7%) out of 209 ...
Mercer Judith S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study's aim was to establish feasibility of a protocol for delayed cord clamping (DCC) versus immediate cord clamping (ICC) at preterm birth and to examine its effects on initial blood pressure and other outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial recruited 32 infants between 24 and 32 ...
Kalish Robin B - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the clinical significance of the umbilical cord twist direction. STUDY DESIGN: Two hundred singleton third-trimester placentas with a right umbilical cord twist and 200 placentas with a left umbilical cord twist, which was determined by pathologic examination, were included. Maternal and ...
Farquhar Juliet - - 2003
Ghrelin has orexigenic effects. It is present in umbilical cord plasma in full-term neonates, raising the prospect that ghrelin plays a role in fetal and neonatal energy balance. We measured ghrelin in small (SGA), appropriate (AGA), and large (LGA) for gestational age neonates and evaluated whether ghrelin levels are modulated ...
Florio Pasquale - - 2003
Activin-A is a growth factor involved in cell growth and differentiation, neuronal survival, early embryonic development and erythropoiesis. Hypoxemia is a specific trigger for increasing activin-A in fetal lamb circulation. We tested the hypothesis that fetal hypoxia induces activin-A secretion in preterm newborn infants. Fifty newborn infants with gestational ages ...
Clapp James F JF - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test the null hypotheses that nuchal cords occur with equal frequency throughout gestation, the presence of an antenatal nuchal cord is usually a random or chance event, nuchal cords do not usually persist, and nuchal cords do not usually produce evidence of ...
Ullberg Ulla - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and appearance of the anastomosis between the two umbilical arteries in placentas from infants small for gestational age (SGA). METHODS: The arterial systems of 64 placentas from singleton pregnancies resulting in SGA infants were visualized by angiography. The method ...
Yoon B H - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP) in umbilical cord plasma at birth were elevated in neonates with sepsis, an inflammatory lesion of the umbilical cord (funisitis) or who were born to mothers with microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity. METHODS: Umbilical ...
Malcolm Cari A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To test the hypothesis that the supplementation of the diets of pregnant women with a fish oil rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) enhances retinal development in their healthy term infants, as measured during the early postnatal period by the electroretinogram (ERG). METHODS: One hundred pregnant women were randomized to ...
Laine Kari - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have gained wide acceptance in the treatment of mental disorders in pregnant women, but there seems to be an increased risk for neonatal adaptation problems after exposure to SSRIs in late pregnancy. We aimed to investigate the perinatal sequelae of infants exposed to SSRIs ...
Mirochnick Mark - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cord blood and predose nevirapine concentrations in infants exposed to the two-dose intrapartum neonatal nevirapine regimen. METHODS: The authors obtained plasma samples for nevirapine assay from cord blood and just prior to the 48-hours to 72-hours after birth neonatal nevirapine dose from a subset of infants participating ...
Carey J Christopher - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the presence of a single or multiple nuchal cord encirclement has a negative effect on fetal growth. STUDY DESIGN: Data were retrieved from consecutive deliveries at our institution between January 1991 and December 1996. Our computerized database included live-born single and multiple births with a birth ...
Doroudchi M - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to investigate placental transfer of anti-rubella IgG immunoglobulins in Iranian mothers. METHODS: In total, 231 pregnant women and their paired infants enrolled in this study of which, 197 gave birth to fullterm and 26 gave birth to preterm infants. Rubella specific antibodies were detected by ...
Johnson Christopher W - - 2003
A two-vessel umbilical cord (or single umbilical artery) is a perinatal finding that may be detected in infants with congenital or chromosomal abnormalities. Its presence has been associated with an increased risk of genitourinary defects. The urologic anomalies that typically are associated with a two-vessel cord often are minor and ...
Stefos Theodor - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between parity and cord length, with respect to peripartum characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Parity, cord length, placental and birth weight were the studied variables in a sample of 534 parturients with singleton fetuses. Parturients were divided into four groups: primiparous (para-1), secundiparous (para-2), tetriparous (para-3) and ...
Chouthai Nitin S - - 2003
Apoptotic neuronal loss may be responsible for altered brain development associated with prematurity and perinatal insults. Neurotrophins play crucial roles in protecting neurons from entering or progressing along an apoptotic pathway. The present study examined levels of neurotrophins in human umbilical cord blood from infants at different gestational ages and ...
Fujikura Toshio - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to study the frequency and cause of fused umbilical arteries (FUAs). STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical cord on the placental side was carefully examined for FUAs by continuous interval sections. RESULTS: The frequency was 3.1% or 22 in 702 infants with the frequency in female infants of ...
Chace Donald H - - 2003
Despite a number of published reports, there is limited information about carnitine metabolism in the newborn. To establish normative data, we analyzed whole-blood carnitine concentrations in 24,644 newborns at age 1.85 +/- 0.95 d and umbilical cord whole blood and plasma carnitine concentrations in 50 full-term newborns. Total carnitine (TC), ...
Qi Mei-Ling - - 2003
The distal transected cords of infant rats are more permissive for axon extension than those of adults. To elucidate the biomolecular basis for this phenomenon, we examined the expression pattern of neurocan using semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and immunostaining in the distal cord of both adult and infant ...
Leary S D - - 2003
The extent of placental trimming before weighing varies within and between obstetric units. Quantification of the contribution of the umbilical cord and membranes to placental weight is required to enable measurements to be compared across populations. In a sample of 50 neonates born in Southampton, placentae of liveborn singletons were ...
Gazala Elyahu - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A is an essential micronutrient for the development and growth of the fetus. The objective of this study was to identify a possible association between low serum retinol and birth weight in healthy mother-infant pairs in Southern Israel. A secondary objective was to examine ethnic differences in maternal ...
Bunn James E G - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Colonization with Helicobacter pylori generally occurs in infancy, and the microorganism is often acquired from close family members. Rate of infant colonization may be affected by maternal immune status. METHODS: To investigate the potential protective effect of anti-H. pylori immunoglobulin G (IgG) acquired via the placenta, 65 mothers and ...
Rogers Michael S - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether tightening of nuchal cord entanglement is more likely to occur where normal cord coiling is absent and there is deficient Wharton's jelly. The study was carried out in the delivery suite of a university teaching hospital, using a prospective matched controlled-pairs survey. METHODS: Midwives identified index ...
Jean-Baptiste Dominique - - 2003
Glutathione is a key factor in intracellular antioxidant defense mechanisms. We postulated that it might modulate the adaptational response of the fetus to a higher oxygen environment after birth. Therefore, we determined total glutathione (GSH + GSSG) and non-protein sulfhydryl (-SH) content in cord blood RBC hemolysates, and sequential values ...
Stoll-Becker S - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The ob gene product leptin is involved in the regulation of body weight and energy expenditure, suggesting a potential role of leptin in embryonal and fetal development and progression of pregnancy. In term infants, leptin concentrations showed a positive correlation with birth weight. We aimed at comparing leptin cord ...
Hannam Simon - - 2003
Our aim was to determine if antenatal hypoxia was associated with liver dysfunction and coagulation abnormalities in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. Sixteen SGA infants, median gestational age 30 (range 26-32) weeks, who consecutively had had umbilical artery Doppler studies in the week before delivery, were compared to appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) controls, who ...
Srivatsa Bharath - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: On the basis of reports of maternal cells being detected in the umbilical cord blood of newborn infants, we tested the hypothesis that maternal cells can migrate out of the circulation into newborn tissues. STUDY DESIGN: We studied autopsy material from 4 newborn infants who never received a blood ...
Caldarella Adele - - 2003
A 31-year-old woman with a large placental tumor underwent a caesarean section. After delivery, the lesion, detected by ultrasound examination, was found to originate from the umbilical cord. A live female infant with cyanosis, hypotonia and diffuse edema was delivered. A review of the literature, which revealed 31 cases of ...
Niederreither Karen - - 2002
Knockout of the murine retinoic acid (RA)-synthesizing enzyme retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (RALDH2) gene leads to early morphogenetic defects and embryonic lethality. Using a RA-responsive reporter transgene, we have looked for RA-generating activities in Raldh2-null mouse embryos and investigated whether these activities could be ascribed to the other known RALDH enzymes ...
Yigit S - - 2002
Plasma endothelin 1 concentrations were determined in infants with meconium stained amniotic fluid. Plasma endothelin 1 concentration in the study group (5.23 pg/ml) was statistically higher than that in the control group (1.12 pg/ml). Cord blood pH and base excess values were significantly lower in infants with meconium stained amniotic ...
Shalak Lina F - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the initial inflammatory cytokine response in term infants born to mothers with clinical chorioamnionitis and to assess whether the cytokine response is associated with birth depression, abnormal neurologic examination, and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). METHODS: Infants who were exposed to chorioamnionitis and admitted to the neonatal intensive care ...
Goetzl Laura - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The study was performed to explore the evidence for a noninfectious inflammatory cause for epidural fever. STUDY DESIGN: A secondary analysis of a prospective randomized trial was performed. At epidural placement, afebrile term nulliparous women were randomized to receive acetaminophen 650 mg or placebo every 4 hours. Maternal serum ...
Decsi Tamás - - 2002
Long-chain PUFA play an important role in early human neurodevelopment. Significant inverse correlations were reported between values of trans isomeric and long-chain PUFA in plasma lipids of preterm infants and children aged 1-15 yr as well as in venous cord blood lipids of full-term infants. Here we report FA compositional ...
Perveen Shahana - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The transport of essential trace elements from mother to fetus varies throughout gestation, and the role of transport proteins in the neonate and the mother may change during pregnancy. Magnesium, often used as tocolytic agent, may reach the fetus and appear in cord blood at higher than normal concentrations. ...
Chanoine Jean-Pierre - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin is secreted by the stomach, the hypothalamus, and the placenta in humans and has growth hormone-secreting and orexigenic properties. Leptin is secreted mainly by the adipocyte, plays a major role in energy balance, and reflects fat mass in infants as well as adults. Leptin and ghrelin central effects ...
Kakuya Fujio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Our data in rats suggest that an elevated amniotic fluid erythropoietin (EPO) level at birth indicates antepartum fetal hypoxia. However, the short gestation period in rats does not permit a direct comparison of our data with humans. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of the relationship between EPO levels ...
Yang Ming-Jie - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationships between serum leptin levels in the umbilical vein (UV) and artery (UA) and the anthropometry of mothers and neonates. STUDY DESIGN: Blood was taken from 61 pregnant women who were admitted for delivery and from the umbilical vein and artery just before delivery of the ...
Ribas-Fitó Núria - - 2002
The aim of the present study was to assess the association of prenatal exposure to hexachlorobenzene (HCB) and other organochlorine compounds with anthropometric measures at birth. A total of 98 mother-infant pairs (83% of all children born in a specific area polluted with HCB in the period 1997-1999) were recruited ...
Gomaa Ahmed - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: A number of prospective studies have examined lead levels in umbilical cord blood at birth as predictors of infant mental development. Although several have found significant inverse associations, others have not. Measurement of lead levels in maternal bone, now recognized as the source of much fetal exposure, has the ...
Buonocore Giuseppe - - 2002
Previous studies have demonstrated increased oxidative damage to proteins and increased lipid peroxidation products in the plasma of hypoxic newborns at birth. We tested the hypothesis that hypoxic preterm newborns are at increased risk for oxidative stress in the first week of life. Heparinized blood samples of 34 hypoxic and ...
Lo Hui-Chen - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Fetal growth process is governed by multiple factors. We investigated the relation of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs), IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), leptin, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) with intrauterine growth in preterm and term neonates. METHODS: Thirty-eight preterm and 43 term neonates were recruited. Anthropometric measures were recorded and umbilical cord ...
Greenwood Catherine - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the association of cerebral palsy (CP) with umbilical cord around the fetal neck (nuchal cord) is the result of recording bias. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based case control study. RESULTS: There were 68 cases with cerebral palsy and 157 controls (singleton term infants matched for gestational age and ...
Chaiworapongsa T - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants are at risk for premature death from cardiovascular disease (myocardial infarction and stroke), hypertension, and diabetes in adult life. Severe intrauterine growth restriction is often associated with subclinical cardiovascular abnormalities detectable during fetal echocardiography. The objective of this study was to determine whether SGA newborns have ...
Vatten Lars J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the independent contributions to infant birth size of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and leptin measured in umbilical cord plasma. METHODS: Umbilical cord blood was collected in 12 804 consecutive deliveries, and cord plasma from 585 singleton infants born at term after uncomplicated pregnancies was analyzed for ...
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