Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1217
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Türker Gülcan - - 2005
AIM: To determine the value of cord blood cardiac troponin I levels (cTnl) as an early prognostic factor in critically ill newborns, and to compare cord cTnl levels with the prognostic value of the score for neonatal acute physiology (SNAP). METHODS: Cord arterial samples were collected routinely for blood gas ...
Ghezzi Fabio - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to assess whether changes in umbilical cord vessel morphometry are associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome among fetuses with a lean umbilical cord on sonography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 160 fetuses with a sonographically lean umbilical cord (cross-sectional area below ...
Maconi M - - 2005
Many of the published reports of reference values in neonates are found in older medical literature. Recognition of abnormalities in blood cell morphology and hematologic parameters depend on well-established normative data; it is essential that each neonatal medical unit have its own reference ranges. We give the umbilical cord blood ...
Abrams Elizabeth T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although maternal anaemia often stems from malaria infection during pregnancy, its effects on foetal haemoglobin levels are not straightforward. Lower-than-expected cord haemoglobin values in malarious versus non-malarious regions were noted by one review, which hypothesized they resulted from foetal immune activation to maternal malaria. This study addressed this idea ...
Sperfeld Anne-Dorte - - 2005
Neuropathological studies of hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP) have described axonal loss involving corticospinal and somatosensory tracts in the spinal cord. This MRI-based study was intended to investigate in vivo diameter alterations of the spinal cord in HSP, including both pure HSP (p-HSP, n = 20) and complicated HSP (c-HSP, n ...
Laborada Gary - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The clinical or histologic diagnosis of chorioamnionitis has been associated with an increased risk of neuropathology and adverse neurologic outcomes in premature and term infants. Inflammatory cytokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of these processes. The objective of this study was to determine whether exposure to chorioamnionitis and ...
Bard Harry - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of S-nitrosohemoglobin (HbSNO) at different gestational ages in newborn infants and correlate the levels of HbSNO with HbA and HbF. METHOD: Cord blood samples of 22 newborn infants of different gestational ages (25-41 weeks) were analyzed. The levels of HbF and HbA were determined by ...
Hallwirth Ulrike - - 2004
Pre-term neonates are at high risk to develop early-onset sepsis which possibly is caused by an immature immune system. Monocytes play a pivotal role as professional phagocytic and antigen-presenting cells in the innate immunity. In the present study, we investigated in monocytes from cord blood the expression of human leukocyte ...
Holcroft Cynthia J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Perinatal infection increases the risk of neonatal neurologic injury. Our objective is to determine whether histologically confirmed chorioamnionitis and funisitis is associated with fetal metabolic acidosis. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study of all infants 34 weeks or less born at a single tertiary hospital admitted to ...
Fonseca Vania Matos - - 2004
Although circulating leptin and insulin concentration is linked to intrauterine growth, fetal development and birth weight in full-term infants, there has been no enquiry into the influence of cord blood insulin and leptin for catch-up growth in preterm infants. The study evaluated the association of cord blood leptin with growth ...
Vance G H S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The value of allergen elimination diets during pregnancy for primary prevention of infant allergy has been questioned. However, dietary compliance may influence effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To monitor egg intake during a randomized controlled trial of egg avoidance throughout pregnancy and lactation by serial measurements of serum ovalbumin (OVA) IgG concentration ...
Williams Fiona L R - - 2004
The purpose of this study was first to clarify postnatal trends in sera T(4), free T(4) (FT(4)), T(4)-binding globulin, TSH, T(3), rT(3), and T(4) sulfate levels in cord and at 7, 14, and 28 d in groups of preterm infants at 23-27 wk (n = 101), 28-30 wk (n = ...
An Hiromi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: In order to predict the late-development of chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLD), cytokines in the cord blood were assessed in this study. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen premature infants with CLD were enrolled. Cord blood plasma levels of cytokines of these infants and 12 control infants without CLD were measured ...
Aroviita P - - 2004
AIM: CD34+ cell counts are used to define the haematopoietic stem cell potential of a given cord blood transplant. The aim was to test the hypothesis that high concentration of cord blood haematopoietic progenitor and stem cells could be a reflection of intrauterine growth, of which birthweight is an indicator. ...
Emhamed Musbah Omar - - 2004
This study was conducted to evaluate the haematological effects of the timing of umbilical cord clamping in term infants 24 h after birth in Libya. Mother-infant pairs were randomly assigned to early cord clamping (within 10s after delivery) or delayed clamping (after the cord stopped pulsating). Maternal haematological status was ...
Goepfert Alice R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the association between umbilical cord interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and neonatal morbidity in infants born at less than 32 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical cord plasma IL-6 levels and neonatal outcomes were assessed in 309 infants born between 24 weeks and 0 days' and ...
Kamoda Tomohiro - - 2004
Serum adiponectin levels were investigated in 28 small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and 34 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) term neonates to examine how fetal growth correlates with adiponectin levels. A blood sample for determination of adiponectin was obtained during the first 24 h of life. The levels of serum adiponectin were significantly higher in all ...
Kuschel C A - - 2004
AIM: To assess the usefulness of cord and serum methadone concentrations at 2 days of age in predicting the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in infants whose mothers received methadone during pregnancy. METHODS: After informed consent, infants were enrolled if they were delivered at 35 weeks gestation or greater. ...
Mete Emin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnoea of the newborn is a transient respiratory disturbance characterized by tachypnoea shortly after birth, which resolves within 2 to 5 days. The basic pathogenetic mechanism is the delayed resorption of the alveolar fluid of which the exact triggering mechanism still remains unknown. An etiological link associated with ...
Lee Chun-Chang - - 2004
Although laryngomalacia is the leading cause of stridor in infancy, vocal cord paralysis, despite its low incidence, is still the second most common cause. However, the etiology of infant vocal cord paralysis is different from that of adults, and the management protocol is controversial. Therefore, we conducted this study to ...
Schulpis K H - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate selenium (Se) and copper (Cu) concentrations in Greek and Albanian immigrant mothers and in the cord blood of their newborns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From 1118 Greek and 820 Albanian mothers and from the cord blood of their neonates blood was obtained for Se and Cu measurement. Se ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2004
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone with profound insulin-sensitizing, antiinflammatory, and antiatherogenic effects. Apart from its obvious potential as a mediator of adult metabolic syndrome, adiponectin could have a significant role in regulating fetal growth.We measured plasma adiponectin concentrations by ELISA in cord vein of 197 infants. Of them, 122 were ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2004
Antenatal glucocorticoid treatment of mothers at risk of premature delivery is highly cost-effective in reducing neonatal mortality and morbidity. However, there is only limited information on the actual glucocorticoid bioactivity (GBA) reaching the fetus. By employing a recently developed recombinant cell bioassay, we studied circulating GBA in preterm newborns exposed ...
Gupta Piyush - - 2004
The objective of this study was to assess the status of oxidative stress in term small for gestational age (SGA) newborn infants born to undernourished mothers by estimating levels of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, reduced glutathione, and serum malondialdehyde (MDA) in cord blood and comparing them to healthy appropriate ...
Tsai Po-Jung - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin is negatively associated with leptin, insulin and obesity in children and adults. Whereas increases in fetal insulin and leptin are associated with increased weight and adiposity at birth, the role of adiponectin in fetal growth has not yet been determined. The aims of this study were to examine ...
Blanco-Quirós A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The development of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is closely related to fetal immaturity, although the participation of inflammatory mechanisms also seems to be likely. We previously reported high interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels in cord blood from preterm infants. In the present study, we investigate the possible role of IL-10 and ...
Whyatt Robin M - - 2004
We reported previously that insecticide exposures were widespread among minority women in New York City during pregnancy and that levels of the organophosphate chlorpyrifos in umbilical cord plasma were inversely associated with birth weight and length. Here we expand analyses to include additional insecticides (the organophosphate diazinon and the carbamate ...
Abdulrazzaq Yousef M - - 2004
This study was undertaken to assess whether aflatoxin M(1) concentrations in newborn infants correlated with those of their mothers and to determine whether the presence of aflatoxin M(1) in cord blood was associated with an increase in morbidity in the newborn. There was a strong correlation (r =0.797, p <0.0001) ...
Makhoul Imad R - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Selenium (Se) deficiency may have deleterious effects on premature infants. Umbilical cord (UC) Se concentrations presumably reflect fetal Se concentrations and represent reference values that should be achieved in premature infants. We aimed to establish reference data of Se serum concentrations in parturient women and their neonates ...
Pardo I M C G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Leptin, a hormone produced in adipose tissue and the placenta, is correlated with neonatal growth. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on cord blood leptin concentrations in term, appropriate-for-gestational-age infants. METHODS: Two groups of term, appropriate-for-gestational-age newborns were selected: 19 ...
Tsao Po-Nien - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an elevated placenta growth factor (PlGF) level in cord blood is associated with increased risk for preterm infants to develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). METHODS: Sixty-three preterm infants who were born at 34 weeks' gestation or earlier were enrolled. Two infants who died before 28 days' postnatal ...
Wang Chien-An - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cytokines, adhesion molecules, and inflammatory mediators are believed to play central roles in the pathophysiologic mechanisms of brain white matter lesions. To examine the relationships of cytokines, adhesion molecules, and inflammatory mediators in the cord blood of preterm infants and neonatal cerebral ultrasound periventricular hyperechogenicity (PVH), cord blood cytokines, ...
Divi Rao L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Although most uninfected infants born to women infected with HIV-1 show no clinical evidence of mitochondrial compromise, mitochondrial dysfunction has been reported in children born to women receiving zidovudine and/or lamivudine during pregnancy. In this pilot study we examined mitochondrial integrity in HIV-1-uninfected infants born to HIV-1-infected women receiving ...
Dembinski J - - 2004
Pro-inflammatory cytokines contribute significantly to the morbidity of premature infants. IL-6 and IL-8 are involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary and cerebral tissue injury. The effect of human immunoglobulin preparations on cytokine production in preterm infants has not been studied. We investigated the influence of immunoglobulin on LPS stimulated IL-6 ...
Wharton Karen N - - 2004
Chorioamnionitis has been associated with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We examined the association between the pathological severity of chorioamnionitis and PVL in VLBW infants. Thirty-four VLBW infants with PVL and 34 control infants matched for gestational age without a diagnosis of PVL or intraventricular ...
Rampono Jonathan - - 2004
Antidepressants are often used antenatally, and placental transfer may lead to adverse effects (toxicity) in the neonate. Pregnant women taking fluoxetine (n=4), sertraline (n=4), paroxetine (n=2) or venlafaxine (n=1) in the last trimester were studied. Maternal and cord sera were collected at delivery and infant serum on day 5 after ...
van Rheenen Patrick - - 2004
This review evaluates the potential of delayed cord-clamping for improving iron status and reducing anaemia in term infants and for increasing the risk of polycythaemia and hyperbilirubinaemia. We applied a strict search protocol to identify controlled trials of early vs late cord-clamping. Four trials from developing and four from industrialised ...
Evens Kelley - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to compare alcohol versus natural drying for umbilical cord care in preterm infants and to examine its effects on bacterial colonization and cord detachment. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Eligible infants <34 weeks gestation admitted to the NICU were randomized to receive either ...
Onal E E - - 2004
Ghrelin is a newly discovered orexigenic peptide originating from the stomach. Circulating ghrelin levels reflect acute and chronic energy balance in humans. However, it is not known whether ghrelin also plays a role in energy homeostasis during fetal life. Forty-one small-for-gestational age (SGA) and 34 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants were ...
Driggers Rita W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an amniotic fluid index (AFI) < or =5.0 cm within 7 days of delivery in the third trimester is associated with decreasing umbilical arterial pH and base excess. STUDY DESIGN: Cases for this retrospective cohort study were all pregnancies > or =26 weeks with intact membranes ...
Descamps Olivier S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Factors determining lipoprotein concentrations in the fetus are not yet fully understood. We postulated that an important factor is the genetic make-up of the mother. In the present study, we examined the associations between the cord blood concentrations of lipoproteins of 525 newborns and the polymorphisms present in their ...
Markowitz Jennifer A - - 2004
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) type I is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by loss of lower motor neurons in the spinal cord. This severe hereditary neurodegenerative disorder is an important cause of morbidity in the neonate and the leading hereditary cause of infant mortality. The characteristic degeneration of anterior horn ...
De Felice Claudio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis and clinical significance of true umbilical cord knots remain controversial. Here, we tested the hypothesis of the presence of congenital oral mucosal changes in newborns with true umbilical cord knots. STUDY DESIGN: Seven consecutive infants with true umbilical cord knots and 50 gestational age- and sex-matched controls ...
Guzé Carol - - 2004
This report describes a full-term male infant with trisomy 22 due to an isochromosome 22. Prenatal diagnosis with amniotic fluid showed two cell lines, one with an isochromosome 22 and the other with a deleted isochromosome 22. Subsequent cytogenetic analyses of cord blood, umbilical cord tissue, and placenta revealed additional ...
Shalekoff Sharon - - 2004
Cross-sectional analysis of human immunodeficiency virus-exposed, uninfected infants revealed high proportions of CXCR4-expressing cells in their cord blood, which declined at 4.5 months and increased between 9 and 15 months to levels approaching those of uninfected adults. Proportions of CCR5-expressing cells, however, were very low in cord blood and subsequently ...
Yang Kuender D - - 2004
Although maternal amniotic and vaginocervical cytokines are known to play a role in triggering preterm delivery, the effects of activating fetal phagocytes and platelets are not clear. In an attempt to clarify this issue, we measured levels of myeloperoxidase (MPO), a phagocyte activation marker, and soluble p-selectin (sCD62p), a platelet ...
Javaid M K - - 2004
IGF-1 is a key growth factor during fetal life. Using DXA, we found that the concentration of IGF-1 in umbilical cord serum is strongly related to neonatal whole body bone mineral content, lean mass, and fat mass. However IGF-1 did not explain the relationships of maternal smoking, fat mass, and ...
Soriano-Guillén Leandro - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To establish mean plasma ghrelin levels during fetal life and childhood. Study design Cord blood was obtained at birth from premature (n=29) and full-term newborns (n=124). Fasting blood samples were taken from 224 normal subjects divided according to Tanner stage and sex. Ponderal index or body mass index was ...
Nishijo Muneko - - 2004
The effect of blood cadmium (Cd), which reflects not only Cd body burden but also recent Cd exposure and communicates with fetal blood in the placenta, on newborn size at birth was investigated. Blood Cd of 55 mothers from Toyama, Japan, at 30-32 gestational weeks was measured using a flameless ...
Rabe H - - 2004
Optimal timing for clamping of the umbilical cord at birth is unclear. Early clamping allows for immediate resuscitation of the newborn. Delaying clamping may facilitate transfusion of blood between the placenta and the baby. To delineate the short- and long-term effects for infants born at less than 37 completed weeks' ...
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