Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1227
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Tsao Po-Nien - - 2005
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) secondary to surfactant deficiency is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in premature infants. Increasing evidence suggests that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) may contribute to surfactant secretion and pulmonary maturation. However, differences in cord blood VEGF concentrations in infants with and without respiratory distress ...
Boyle Jodell J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess the incidence, risk factors and outcomes of umbilical cord prolapse in current obstetric practice. STUDY DESIGN: This study was a retrospective chart review at both a community hospital and a tertiary referral center. RESULTS: There were 52 cases of cord prolapse in our patient population, for an ...
Daniel-Spiegel Etty - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of umbilical cord hemangioma and to discuss its association with vascular birthmarks. METHODS: A case of umbilical cord hemangioma diagnosed by ultrasound at 28 weeks of gestation is reported. After labor induction at 38 weeks of gestation, a male infant was born. Examination of ...
Aroviita Pekka - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Characterization of cord blood facilitates understanding of the factors affecting cord blood transplant quality and improvement of transplantation results. Cord blood obtained from male and female infants has not been thoroughly characterized. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: A study was performed to test the hypothesis that the cord blood hematopoietic ...
Zanardo Vincenzo - - 2005
The effect of pre-eclampsia on coagulation and fibrinolysis in newborns is still under investigation. We have evaluated several coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters in umbilical cord blood of 20 newborns from pre-eclamptic women and of 40 newborns from normotensive women with similar gestational age. Additionally, the presence of factor V Leiden ...
Martin Gregory C - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Apgar scores and cord blood gases (BG) and pH were compared between a group of babies with nuchal cords and a group without nuchal cords and uncomplicated deliveries. STUDY DESIGN: We collected umbilical arterial (UA) and umbilical venous (UV) blood samples from the placentas of term infants from both ...
Malamitsi-Puchner Ariadne - - 2005
Our aim is to determine--in 30 healthy full-term infants and their mothers--circulating levels of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) (important for antenatal and postnatal brain development and implicated in the immune response) and FLT3 tyrosine kinase receptor (FLT3) (controlling hematopoiesis and found in the nervous tissue), in the fetal and neonatal life. NT-3 ...
Collinson Andrew - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Most human research on leptin has involved well-nourished subjects or clinical states such as anorexia nervosa or cancer cachexia. OBJECTIVE: We studied the development of leptin as a monitor of energy status in young African infants whose growth patterns probably reflect the evolutionary norm. DESIGN: We enrolled a prospective ...
Predanic Mladen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the sonographic accuracy to determine the umbilical coiling index (UCI) during the routine fetal anatomic survey in the second trimester. METHODS: In 300 consecutive women with singleton pregnancies and absence of gross fetal anomalies who had a routine second-trimester fetal anatomic ...
Nagano Keiko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Estimation of hemodynamics is important for critically ill infants. Pulse dye densitometry (PDD) using indocyanine green (ICG), which enables measurements of circulating blood volume at the bedside, has recently been developed for adults. METHODS: We conducted a basic investigation to determine whether this method can be applied to infants ...
Türker Gülcan - - 2005
AIM: To determine the value of cord blood cardiac troponin I levels (cTnl) as an early prognostic factor in critically ill newborns, and to compare cord cTnl levels with the prognostic value of the score for neonatal acute physiology (SNAP). METHODS: Cord arterial samples were collected routinely for blood gas ...
Ghezzi Fabio - - 2005
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to assess whether changes in umbilical cord vessel morphometry are associated with an increased risk of adverse perinatal outcome among fetuses with a lean umbilical cord on sonography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 160 fetuses with a sonographically lean umbilical cord (cross-sectional area below ...
Maconi M - - 2005
Many of the published reports of reference values in neonates are found in older medical literature. Recognition of abnormalities in blood cell morphology and hematologic parameters depend on well-established normative data; it is essential that each neonatal medical unit have its own reference ranges. We give the umbilical cord blood ...
Abrams Elizabeth T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Although maternal anaemia often stems from malaria infection during pregnancy, its effects on foetal haemoglobin levels are not straightforward. Lower-than-expected cord haemoglobin values in malarious versus non-malarious regions were noted by one review, which hypothesized they resulted from foetal immune activation to maternal malaria. This study addressed this idea ...
Sperfeld Anne-Dorte - - 2005
Neuropathological studies of hereditary spastic paraparesis (HSP) have described axonal loss involving corticospinal and somatosensory tracts in the spinal cord. This MRI-based study was intended to investigate in vivo diameter alterations of the spinal cord in HSP, including both pure HSP (p-HSP, n = 20) and complicated HSP (c-HSP, n ...
Laborada Gary - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The clinical or histologic diagnosis of chorioamnionitis has been associated with an increased risk of neuropathology and adverse neurologic outcomes in premature and term infants. Inflammatory cytokines have been implicated in the pathogenesis of these processes. The objective of this study was to determine whether exposure to chorioamnionitis and ...
Bard Harry - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of S-nitrosohemoglobin (HbSNO) at different gestational ages in newborn infants and correlate the levels of HbSNO with HbA and HbF. METHOD: Cord blood samples of 22 newborn infants of different gestational ages (25-41 weeks) were analyzed. The levels of HbF and HbA were determined by ...
Hallwirth Ulrike - - 2004
Pre-term neonates are at high risk to develop early-onset sepsis which possibly is caused by an immature immune system. Monocytes play a pivotal role as professional phagocytic and antigen-presenting cells in the innate immunity. In the present study, we investigated in monocytes from cord blood the expression of human leukocyte ...
Holcroft Cynthia J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Perinatal infection increases the risk of neonatal neurologic injury. Our objective is to determine whether histologically confirmed chorioamnionitis and funisitis is associated with fetal metabolic acidosis. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study of all infants 34 weeks or less born at a single tertiary hospital admitted to ...
Fonseca Vania Matos - - 2004
Although circulating leptin and insulin concentration is linked to intrauterine growth, fetal development and birth weight in full-term infants, there has been no enquiry into the influence of cord blood insulin and leptin for catch-up growth in preterm infants. The study evaluated the association of cord blood leptin with growth ...
Vance G H S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The value of allergen elimination diets during pregnancy for primary prevention of infant allergy has been questioned. However, dietary compliance may influence effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To monitor egg intake during a randomized controlled trial of egg avoidance throughout pregnancy and lactation by serial measurements of serum ovalbumin (OVA) IgG concentration ...
Williams Fiona L R - - 2004
The purpose of this study was first to clarify postnatal trends in sera T(4), free T(4) (FT(4)), T(4)-binding globulin, TSH, T(3), rT(3), and T(4) sulfate levels in cord and at 7, 14, and 28 d in groups of preterm infants at 23-27 wk (n = 101), 28-30 wk (n = ...
An Hiromi - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: In order to predict the late-development of chronic lung disease of prematurity (CLD), cytokines in the cord blood were assessed in this study. STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen premature infants with CLD were enrolled. Cord blood plasma levels of cytokines of these infants and 12 control infants without CLD were measured ...
Aroviita P - - 2004
AIM: CD34+ cell counts are used to define the haematopoietic stem cell potential of a given cord blood transplant. The aim was to test the hypothesis that high concentration of cord blood haematopoietic progenitor and stem cells could be a reflection of intrauterine growth, of which birthweight is an indicator. ...
Emhamed Musbah Omar - - 2004
This study was conducted to evaluate the haematological effects of the timing of umbilical cord clamping in term infants 24 h after birth in Libya. Mother-infant pairs were randomly assigned to early cord clamping (within 10s after delivery) or delayed clamping (after the cord stopped pulsating). Maternal haematological status was ...
Goepfert Alice R - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to evaluate the association between umbilical cord interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and neonatal morbidity in infants born at less than 32 weeks' gestation. STUDY DESIGN: Umbilical cord plasma IL-6 levels and neonatal outcomes were assessed in 309 infants born between 24 weeks and 0 days' and ...
Kamoda Tomohiro - - 2004
Serum adiponectin levels were investigated in 28 small-for-gestational-age (SGA) and 34 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) term neonates to examine how fetal growth correlates with adiponectin levels. A blood sample for determination of adiponectin was obtained during the first 24 h of life. The levels of serum adiponectin were significantly higher in all ...
Kuschel C A - - 2004
AIM: To assess the usefulness of cord and serum methadone concentrations at 2 days of age in predicting the severity of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in infants whose mothers received methadone during pregnancy. METHODS: After informed consent, infants were enrolled if they were delivered at 35 weeks gestation or greater. ...
Mete Emin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Transient tachypnoea of the newborn is a transient respiratory disturbance characterized by tachypnoea shortly after birth, which resolves within 2 to 5 days. The basic pathogenetic mechanism is the delayed resorption of the alveolar fluid of which the exact triggering mechanism still remains unknown. An etiological link associated with ...
Lee Chun-Chang - - 2004
Although laryngomalacia is the leading cause of stridor in infancy, vocal cord paralysis, despite its low incidence, is still the second most common cause. However, the etiology of infant vocal cord paralysis is different from that of adults, and the management protocol is controversial. Therefore, we conducted this study to ...
Schulpis K H - - 2004
AIM: To evaluate selenium (Se) and copper (Cu) concentrations in Greek and Albanian immigrant mothers and in the cord blood of their newborns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From 1118 Greek and 820 Albanian mothers and from the cord blood of their neonates blood was obtained for Se and Cu measurement. Se ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2004
Adiponectin is an adipocyte-derived hormone with profound insulin-sensitizing, antiinflammatory, and antiatherogenic effects. Apart from its obvious potential as a mediator of adult metabolic syndrome, adiponectin could have a significant role in regulating fetal growth.We measured plasma adiponectin concentrations by ELISA in cord vein of 197 infants. Of them, 122 were ...
Kajantie Eero - - 2004
Antenatal glucocorticoid treatment of mothers at risk of premature delivery is highly cost-effective in reducing neonatal mortality and morbidity. However, there is only limited information on the actual glucocorticoid bioactivity (GBA) reaching the fetus. By employing a recently developed recombinant cell bioassay, we studied circulating GBA in preterm newborns exposed ...
Gupta Piyush - - 2004
The objective of this study was to assess the status of oxidative stress in term small for gestational age (SGA) newborn infants born to undernourished mothers by estimating levels of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, reduced glutathione, and serum malondialdehyde (MDA) in cord blood and comparing them to healthy appropriate ...
Tsai Po-Jung - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin is negatively associated with leptin, insulin and obesity in children and adults. Whereas increases in fetal insulin and leptin are associated with increased weight and adiposity at birth, the role of adiponectin in fetal growth has not yet been determined. The aims of this study were to examine ...
Blanco-Quirós A - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The development of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) is closely related to fetal immaturity, although the participation of inflammatory mechanisms also seems to be likely. We previously reported high interleukin-10 (IL-10) levels in cord blood from preterm infants. In the present study, we investigate the possible role of IL-10 and ...
Whyatt Robin M - - 2004
We reported previously that insecticide exposures were widespread among minority women in New York City during pregnancy and that levels of the organophosphate chlorpyrifos in umbilical cord plasma were inversely associated with birth weight and length. Here we expand analyses to include additional insecticides (the organophosphate diazinon and the carbamate ...
Abdulrazzaq Yousef M - - 2004
This study was undertaken to assess whether aflatoxin M(1) concentrations in newborn infants correlated with those of their mothers and to determine whether the presence of aflatoxin M(1) in cord blood was associated with an increase in morbidity in the newborn. There was a strong correlation (r =0.797, p <0.0001) ...
Makhoul Imad R - - 2004
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Selenium (Se) deficiency may have deleterious effects on premature infants. Umbilical cord (UC) Se concentrations presumably reflect fetal Se concentrations and represent reference values that should be achieved in premature infants. We aimed to establish reference data of Se serum concentrations in parturient women and their neonates ...
Pardo I M C G - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Leptin, a hormone produced in adipose tissue and the placenta, is correlated with neonatal growth. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal smoking during pregnancy on cord blood leptin concentrations in term, appropriate-for-gestational-age infants. METHODS: Two groups of term, appropriate-for-gestational-age newborns were selected: 19 ...
Tsao Po-Nien - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an elevated placenta growth factor (PlGF) level in cord blood is associated with increased risk for preterm infants to develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). METHODS: Sixty-three preterm infants who were born at 34 weeks' gestation or earlier were enrolled. Two infants who died before 28 days' postnatal ...
Wang Chien-An - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cytokines, adhesion molecules, and inflammatory mediators are believed to play central roles in the pathophysiologic mechanisms of brain white matter lesions. To examine the relationships of cytokines, adhesion molecules, and inflammatory mediators in the cord blood of preterm infants and neonatal cerebral ultrasound periventricular hyperechogenicity (PVH), cord blood cytokines, ...
Divi Rao L - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Although most uninfected infants born to women infected with HIV-1 show no clinical evidence of mitochondrial compromise, mitochondrial dysfunction has been reported in children born to women receiving zidovudine and/or lamivudine during pregnancy. In this pilot study we examined mitochondrial integrity in HIV-1-uninfected infants born to HIV-1-infected women receiving ...
Dembinski J - - 2004
Pro-inflammatory cytokines contribute significantly to the morbidity of premature infants. IL-6 and IL-8 are involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary and cerebral tissue injury. The effect of human immunoglobulin preparations on cytokine production in preterm infants has not been studied. We investigated the influence of immunoglobulin on LPS stimulated IL-6 ...
Wharton Karen N - - 2004
Chorioamnionitis has been associated with periventricular leukomalacia (PVL) in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We examined the association between the pathological severity of chorioamnionitis and PVL in VLBW infants. Thirty-four VLBW infants with PVL and 34 control infants matched for gestational age without a diagnosis of PVL or intraventricular ...
Rampono Jonathan - - 2004
Antidepressants are often used antenatally, and placental transfer may lead to adverse effects (toxicity) in the neonate. Pregnant women taking fluoxetine (n=4), sertraline (n=4), paroxetine (n=2) or venlafaxine (n=1) in the last trimester were studied. Maternal and cord sera were collected at delivery and infant serum on day 5 after ...
van Rheenen Patrick - - 2004
This review evaluates the potential of delayed cord-clamping for improving iron status and reducing anaemia in term infants and for increasing the risk of polycythaemia and hyperbilirubinaemia. We applied a strict search protocol to identify controlled trials of early vs late cord-clamping. Four trials from developing and four from industrialised ...
Evens Kelley - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to compare alcohol versus natural drying for umbilical cord care in preterm infants and to examine its effects on bacterial colonization and cord detachment. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Eligible infants <34 weeks gestation admitted to the NICU were randomized to receive either ...
Onal E E - - 2004
Ghrelin is a newly discovered orexigenic peptide originating from the stomach. Circulating ghrelin levels reflect acute and chronic energy balance in humans. However, it is not known whether ghrelin also plays a role in energy homeostasis during fetal life. Forty-one small-for-gestational age (SGA) and 34 appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants were ...
Driggers Rita W - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To determine if an amniotic fluid index (AFI) < or =5.0 cm within 7 days of delivery in the third trimester is associated with decreasing umbilical arterial pH and base excess. STUDY DESIGN: Cases for this retrospective cohort study were all pregnancies > or =26 weeks with intact membranes ...
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