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Alvaro Montserrat M Allergy and Clinical Immunology Department, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Universitat de Barcelona, Esplugues, - - 2014
Egg sensitized infants who have never eaten egg may react at first ingestion. We sought to determine the association between skin prick test (SPT) and specific-IgE (sIgE) to egg proteins (EP) and oral food challenge (OFC) outcomes to find cut-off points which can diagnose egg allergy. 154 infants up to ...
Steinberger Eva E Research Unit for Neonatal Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, Division of Neonatology, Department of Paediatrics, Medical University of Graz , - - 2014
We studied the predictive value of cord blood procalcitonin (PCT) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the diagnosis of early-onset sepsis (EOS) in the preterm infant. Retrospectively, PCT and IL-6 were correlated with clinical and/or blood culture positive EOS and negative infectious status between February 2008 and March 2011. Receiver operating curves ...
Arterberry Martha E - - 2013
In two experiments, 18-month-old infants' categorization of 3D replicas and 2D photographs of the same animals and vehicles were compared to explore infants' flexibility in categorization across different object representations. Using a sequential touching procedure, infants completed one superordinate and two basic-level categorization tasks with 3D replicas, 2D cut out ...
Ahrabi Ali Faraghi - - 2013
Numerous short and long-term benefits of breastfeeding the full-term infant have been acknowledged. The use of human milk in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is emerging as the beneficial effects are being realized. Challenges facing the practitioners today include providing optimal storage and processing strategies for mother's own milk ...
Camosy Charles - - 2013
This is a response to Giubilini and Minerva arguing that, on the basis of the similar moral status of the fetus and infant, infanticide is justifiable for many of the same reasons that justify abortion. It argues that, although the authors are correct in claiming the logical connection between abortion ...
Ververs Mija-Tesse - - 2013
Currently there is no consensus on how to identify pregnant women as acutely malnourished and when to enroll them in nutritional programmes. Médecins Sans Frontières Switzerland undertook a literature review with the purpose of determining values of anthropometric indicators for acute malnutrition that are associated with adverse birth outcomes (such ...
- - 2012
ABSTRACT:: The optimal timing for clamping the umbilical cord after birth has been a subject of controversy and debate. Although many randomized controlled trials in term and preterm infants have evaluated the benefits of delayed umbilical cord clamping versus immediate umbilical cord clamping, the ideal timing for cord clamping has ...
Auriti Cinzia - - 2012
To investigate the accuracy of procalcitonin (PCT) as a diagnostic marker of nosocomial sepsis (NS) and define the most accurate cut-off to distinguish infected from uninfected neonates. Six neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). 762 neonates admitted to six NICUs during a 28-month observational study for whom at least one serum ...
Edgar Dawn C - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate neonatal outcomes following failed vacuum extraction using the Kiwi OmniCup vacuum device. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of 288 failed vacuum deliveries using the OmniCup device. The neonatal morbidity was recorded for each delivery. Results: Of the 288 women involved, 82.3% were nulliparous. In 245 cases ...
Köksal Nilgün - - 2012
Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the value of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine levels in both blood and tracheal aspirate (TA) samples that were obtained within 24 h after birth for predicting bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) development in premature infants. Material and methods: Premature infants, who were born before ...
Stahl A - - 2012
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a perinatally acquired nonprogressive brain damage resulting in motor impairment affecting mobility and posture. Early identification of infants with CP is desired to target early interventions and follow-up. During early infancy, distinct motion patterns occur which are highly predictive for later disability. These motor patterns can ...
Chandran Aruna - - 2012
Objective: According to the World Health Organization, the global burden of road traffic mortality exceeds 1.27 million people annually; over 90 percent occur in low- and middle-income countries. Brazil's road traffic mortality rate of ∼20 per 100,000 is significantly higher than nearby Chile or Argentina. To date, there has been ...
Marcus Inna - - 2012
A female infant born prematurely at 23 weeks' gestational age developed bilateral hereditary cataracts at post-menstrual age 33 weeks, which precluded retinopathy of prematurity screening. The infant underwent right cataract extraction 1 week later, and retinopathy of prematurity was monitored by examining the right eye. In the seventeenth week of ...
Ebbesen F - - 2011
Aim:  Describe the relation between levels of total serum bilirubin (TsB) ≥450 μmol/L and acute intermediate, acute advanced and chronic bilirubin encephalopathy. Material and methods:  All infants born at gestational age ≥35 weeks in Denmark between 2000 and 2007 with a TsB ≥450 μmol/L according to the national laboratory information ...
Hansen Thor W R - - 2011
Although its cause, jaundice in the newborn, is extremely common, the disabling neurological disorder kernicterus is very rare. Kernicterus may be prevented by selecting those infants who are at risk of extreme jaundice or who may be particularly vulnerable to bilirubin neurotoxicity. Because the tools for achieving that goal are ...
Doell Carsten - - 2011
: Children with congenital heart disease and genetic disorders may be at increased risk for postoperative mortality and morbidity compared with children with congenital heart disease alone. The aim of the present study was to determine differences in postcardiopulmonary bypass outcome between these two groups. : Prospective cohort study. : ...
Johnson Lois - - 2011
We believe that the syndrome of bilirubin-induced neurologic dysfunction [BIND] represents a spectrum of neurologic manifestations among vulnerable infants who have experienced an exposure to bilirubin of lesser degree than generally described in previous publications. Clinical neuro-motor manifestations extend to a range of subtle processing disorders with objective disturbances of ...
Hansen Thor Willy Ruud - - 2011
Extreme neonatal jaundice occurs infrequently but carries a high risk of permanent sequelae (kernicterus) when it does. Rapid therapeutic intervention has the potential to reduce this risk in some infants. Several case reports of infants with acute intermediate to advanced bilirubin encephalopathy shows that reversal may be possible. Phototherapy can ...
Stevenson David K - - 2011
Neonatal jaundice usually occurs in the transitional period after birth, presenting as an elevation of circulating bilirubin. Bilirubin neurotoxicity can occur if the levels of bilirubin become excessive (hyperbilirubinemia). This pathologic phenotype of newborn jaundice can develop because of excessive bilirubin production or impaired conjugation, with the risk for developing ...
Amin Sanjiv B - - 2011
Neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia), which is extremely common in neonates, can be associated with neurotoxicity. A safe level of bilirubin has not been defined in either premature or term infants. Emerging evidence suggest that the level of unbound (or "free") bilirubin has a better sensitivity and specificity than total serum bilirubin ...
Davidson Shmuel - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The risk of childhood obesity, an increasingly prevalent problem worldwide, might be predictable by early body mass index measurements. This study sought to develop body mass index and weight-for-length ratio references for infants born at 33-42 weeks gestation and to validate these data against the growth curves ...
Elstad Maja - - 2011
Aim:  Neonatal hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE), if severe, may involve cerebral vasoparalysis. In HIE, Pourcelot's cerebral vascular resistance index (RI) below 0.55 (by Doppler ultrasound) from published literature at normothermia, predicted poor outcome with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 84%. The aim of this study was to re-assess RI as ...
Tamaru Shunsuke - - 2011
Severe symptomatic fetal toxoplasmosis rarely occurs after the maternal primary infection of Toxoplasma gondii. We herein report our experience of fetal therapy of symptomatic toxoplasmosis using azithromycin. Ultrasound assessment at 23 weeks' gestation revealed fetal ascites, cardiac effusion, cardiomegaly, enlarged lateral ventricles and thickened placenta. Serum Toxoplasma gondii antibody titer was ...
Khositseth A - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze cardiovascular parameters by echocardiography in preterm infants with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). SETTING: Tertiary-care pediatric university hospital. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, hospital-based study. PARTICIPANTS: 58 preterm infants, gestational age less than 33 weeks. MEASUREMENTS: A complete 2-dimension, M-mode, color Doppler echocardiography was performed in each preterm infant at approximately ...
Castoldi Francesca - - 2011
Preterm infants need the achievement of adequate lung volume. Lung recruitment maneuver (LRM) is applied during high-frequency oscillatory ventilation. We investigated the effect of an LRM with positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on oxygenation and outcomes in infants conventionally ventilated for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Preterm infants in assisted controlled ventilation ...
Cai Jiming - - 2011
The efficiency of exogenous pulmonary surfactant for pediatric patients suffering acute respiratory distress syndrome after cardiac surgery remains indeterminate. This study explored (1) whether use of exogenous surfactant improved recovery for patients suffering postoperative acute respiratory distress syndrome and (2) whether kinetic analysis of pulmonary functional change was helpful to ...
Gagliardi Maria Giulia - - 2011
During the past two decades, important progress has been achieved in the treatment of end-stage congestive heart failure in newborns and infants. The use of ventricular assist devices (VAD) in these patients is now available as a bridge to heart transplantation. The use of a VAD may reveal the presence ...
Thomas Niranjan - - 2011
Poor post-natal growth of preterm neonates is common and fortification is recommended. However, this is not always practical in low-resource areas. Hypothesizing that increasing the volume of feeds would be safe and lead to better post-natal weight gain, we randomized 64 babies with birth weight <1500 g, once they reached full ...
Kim Min-A - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011 ABSTRACT: Background  Simple, more sensitive markers to predict spontaneous preterm delivery in preterm labour are needed. The aim of this study is to compare the clinical effectiveness of various serum inflammatory markers and cervix length for prediction of spontaneous preterm delivery. Materials and methods  We ...
Bao C - - 2011
Please cite this paper as: Bao C, Zhou Y, Jiang L, Sun C, Wang F, Xia W, Han F, Zhao Y, Wu L. Reasons for the increasing incidence of macrosomia in Harbin, China. BJOG 2011;118:93-98. A population-based retrospective study was conducted in Harbin, China. The medical records of 13 711 singleton ...
Bao C - - 2011
A population-based retrospective study was conducted in Harbin,China. The medical records of 13 711 singleton infants born between 2001 and 2005 in 16 hospitals were reviewed. The incidence of macrosomia (birthweight ≥4000 g) was found to have increased from 8.31% in 2001 to 10.50% in 2005. Over this period, the ...
Beydoun Hind - - 2010
Despite major achievements in medicine, preterm birth (PTB) remains a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Research efforts have been devoted towards a better understanding of the multifactorial aetiology of PTB and its subtypes, with the purpose of prevention and control. The availability of valid and reliable gestational ...
ter Horst H J - - 2010
Infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at risk for brain injury. An accurate tool to monitor brain function is amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG). It records both background patterns and electrographic seizure activity (EA). Our aim was to determine aEEG patterns in infants with CHD and to determine the differences ...
Azakie Anthony - - 2011
Low birth weight (LBW) is a risk factor for mortality in neonatal and infant heart surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the contemporary outcomes and risk factors of cardiac surgery in low weight babies. The records of 75 consecutive infants weighing <2.5 kg having heart surgery were reviewed. ...
Currie Andrew - - 2011
Objective Approximately one-third of ventilated infants fail extubation. The objective of this study was to determine whether assessment of the load relative to the capacity of respiratory muscles by measurement of the tension time index (TTI) successfully predicted extubation outcome in infants. Design Prospective study. Setting Tertiary neonatal intensive care ...
Karamichalis John M - - 2011
This study compared graft failure leading to retransplant in infants versus older children at initial heart transplant. Twenty-six retransplant recipients were compared by age at first transplant: infant group (<1 year) and pediatric group (≥1 year). Early retransplant survival was 92%. Retransplant survivals at 1, 3, and 5 years were ...
Darnall R A - - 2010
Arousal is an important survival mechanism when infants are confronted with hypoxia during sleep. Many sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) infants are exposed to repeated episodes of hypoxia before death and have impaired arousal mechanisms. We hypothesized that repeated exposures to hypoxia would cause a progressive blunting of arousal, and ...
Lee Kangwoo Nathan - - 2010
Negative pressure therapy (NPT) has been reported to be effective in treating infants with open chest wounds. This report further supports its effectiveness by treating a 3-month-old infant with a 12 × 7 cm sized opening in its chest after an oversized heart transplantation. After applying a mesh and allodermis ...
Stuart Katrina - - 2010
On 4 June 2010, Deputy State Coroner Schapel of the Coroner's Court of South Australia ruled that he had jurisdiction to conduct an inquest into the death of Tate Spencer-Koch, who was declared deceased following complications during her home-birth. Coroner Schapel considered he had jurisdiction on the basis that Tate ...
He Y Y - - 2010
Observations on the microvasculature in the left ventricular wall of infant and adult yaks under light and scanning electron microscope (SEM) were presented. Moreover, the diameter of different microvasculature and the density of the capillaries in three layers of the ventricular myocardium were measured using Image Pro-Plus 5.0. The results ...
Hornberger L K - - 2010
'Neonatal' lupus erythematosus (NLE) describes a clinical spectrum of cardiac and non-cardiac abnormalities observed in neonates and foetuses whose mothers have the auto-antibodies anti-SSA/Ro (anti-Ro) and anti-SSB/La (anti-La). Of the cardiac abnormalities, congenital AVB is the most common cardiovascular abnormality found in affected foetuses and infants. Many other cardiovascular manifestations ...
Cantinotti Massimiliano - - 2010
The goal of the present study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of B-type natriuretic hormone (BNP) assay in children with congenital heart disease (CHD) in the first month of life. BNP was measured in 152 neonates with CHD; 154 healthy children matched for age were used as controls. BNP ...
Levin Mark D - - 2010
We evaluated the presentation, treatment, and outcome of infants who present with ventricular tachycardia in the first year of life. Seventy-six infants were admitted to our institution with a diagnosis of ventricular tachycardia between January, 1987 and May, 2006. Forty-five infants were excluded from the study because of additional confounding ...
Ballard George - - 2010
The 'hybrid' procedure is an alternative to the Norwood operation in classical hypoplastic left heart syndrome to support the systemic circulation until subsequent palliation. This approach has been extended to infants with the borderline development of left heart structures. We investigated whether or not a hybrid procedure for 'borderline' cases ...
Kossiva Lydia - - 2010
Kawasaki disease is an acute febrile vasculitis of infancy and early childhood. It is uncommon in early infancy, because a significant proportion of these children do not meet the classical diagnostic criteria at this age. Infants younger than 6 months with persistent fever and some of the criteria of Kawasaki ...
Hsu Daphne T DT Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital at Montefiore, 3415 Bainbridge Ave., Bronx, NY 10457, USA. - - 2010
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy improves clinical outcome and ventricular function in adults with heart failure. Infants with single-ventricle physiology have poor growth and are at risk for abnormalities in ventricular systolic and diastolic function. The ability of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor therapy to preserve ventricular function and improve somatic growth and ...
Patel Neil - - 2011
Objective To assess (1) agreement between the ultrasonic cardiac output monitor (USCOM) 1A device for measurement of cardiac output in newborn infants and conventional echocardiography (ECHO), (2) repeatability of USCOM measurements and (3) agreement between novice and expert users of the USCOM. Design A prospective observational study. Setting The Neonatal ...
Golab Hanna D - - 2010
A miniaturized cardiopulmonary bypass circuit enables the safe performance, in selected pediatric patients, of bloodless open heart surgery. As the latest survival rates in neonatal and infant cardiac surgery have become satisfactory, investigators have concentrated upon the improvement of existing procedures. Institutional guidelines and multidisciplinary efforts undertaken in the pre- ...
Nathan Lee Kangwoo - - 2010
Negative pressure therapy (NPT) has been reported to be effective in treating infants with open chest wounds. This report further supports its effectiveness by treating a 3-month-old infant with a 12 x 7 cm sized opening in its chest after an oversized heart transplantation. After applying a mesh and allodermis ...
Shinkawa Takeshi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although good intermediate-term results for the Ross procedure in adults and older children have been reported, only short-term outcomes of this procedure in neonates and infants have been published. The objective of this study was to review our intermediate-term results of the Ross procedure for neonates and infants. METHODS: ...
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