Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 809
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Respondek M - - 1997
Fifty fetuses referred to the Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital for fetal echocardiography between January 1, 1991 and June 1, 1995 were evaluated. The mean fetal gestational age at the time of diagnosis of arrhythmia was 34.1 weeks, and the mean gestational age at the time of delivery was 38.7 weeks. ...
Mannix P A - - 1997
Using spectral analysis we have studied changes in the heart rate during periodic thermal stimulation of one foot of infants during quiet sleep. Twenty-two appropriately grown preterm infants were studied in the first 15 d after birth to quantify responses in comparison with previously reported term infants. Babies were stimulated ...
Lansink J M - - 1997
In this study we examined the effect of heart rate and behavioral measures of attention on distractibility of 6-, 9-, and 12-month-old infants. The infants were presented with a toy, and a distractor was presented while they attended to the toy. The distractor was presented during heart rate changes indicating ...
Lopez S L - - 1997
To evaluate the incidence of low cardiac output in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), we measured cardiac output, stroke volume, heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure, and systemic vascular resistance at 8-48 hours of age in 30 preterm infants with RDS who were dependent on inotropic support. We ...
Withington D E - - 1997
PURPOSE: Histamine release has been previously documented in adults and children during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). It has not been studied in neonates nor during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). Histamine effects could explain many perioperative complications of congenital cardiac surgery such as dysrhythmias and massive oedema. Therefore, documentation of histamine ...
Miyagawa S - - 1997
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is an antibody-mediated disorder of infants characterized by two major clinical manifestations; cutaneous lupus lesions and congenital heart block (CHB). The disease is associated with placentally transferred maternal anti-Ro/SSA and/or La/SSB antibodies. There is a tendency for the same disease expression to occur within a sibship. ...
Vázquez-Botet M - - 1997
This is a case of an infant with neonatal lupus erythematosus who presented the characteristic cutaneous lesions without evidence of systemic involvement. NLE is a rare condition which affects newborn infants from mothers who may me asymptomatic or have a connective tissue disease, with or without autoantibodies to extractable nuclear ...
Monfort K - - 1997
This clinical study investigated the effects of an individually fabricated prone positioner on heart rate, respiratory rate, and scapular position of premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit. The prone positioner consisted of dense foam with cutouts to position the shoulders forward and toward midline. Six measurements of scapular ...
Hassan I - - 1997
Congenital heart disease is an important cause of infant mortality and disability. The frequency, spectrum and contributory risk factors for significant cardiovascular malformations among live-births was retrospectively evaluated at the Aga Khan University Hospital. Of a total of 8331 live births between July, 1987 and December, 1992 34 babies were ...
Henslee J A - - 1997
At equivalent post-conceptional ages, prematurely-born infants have higher heart rates and reduced heart rate variability, relative to full-term neonates. Premature birth might exert long-lasting effects on central and peripheral mechanisms that control cardiovascular activity. We assessed development of heart rate and heart rate variability in symptomatic preterm infants up to ...
Shiao S Y - - 1997
A meta-analysis of the effects of nonnutritive sucking (NNS) on heart rate and transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPaO2) was performed. Four studies of NNS on heart rate without stimulations, three studies on heart rate during painful stimulations, and three studies on TcPaO2--all conducted over the past 30 years--were found through a ...
Simhi E - - 1997
In this prospective study we tested the hypothesis that atropine administration, which is known to increase heart rate and cardiac output in infants, will result in a faster onset of neuromuscular block with atracurium. Thirty infants scheduled for elective surgery had anaesthesia induced with nitrous oxide and halothane. Fifteen patients ...
Edner A - - 1997
Sympatheticovagal imbalance causing episodes of severe bradycardia has been suggested as a cause of apparent life threatening events (ALTEs). The autonomic control of the heart rate in 18 infants with ALTEs and 12 controls was evaluated by the head upright tilt test. Five different heart rate response profiles (compared with ...
Lotkowski D - - 1997
Research was conducted on material consisting of 45 fetal, newborn, infant and adult human hearts. False tendons in fetal, newborn and infant hearts were made up of mainly heart muscle tissue. False tendons of the tendon attachment to the interventricular septum. These false composed of muscle tissue and connective tissue ...
O'Riordan S - - 1996
Uniparental disomy (UPD) is the inheritance of both copies of a given chromosome from the same parent (Warburton, 1988; Anon., 1991). The exact disease associations of UPD of individual chromosomes have yet to be fully elucidated and the question of whether UPD of some chromosomes may be regarded as a ...
DiPietro J A - - 1996
This study established the emergence of stable individual differences in neurobehavioral functioning prior to birth and examined their relation to subsequent infant temperament. Fetal heart rate and movement were recorded longitudinally for 31 fetuses at 6 gestational ages beginning at 20 weeks' gestation. Maternally reported temperament data were collected at ...
Buyon J P - - 1996
Neonatal lupus, albeit rare, affords an excellent opportunity to examine a disease from bedside to bench. Over the past year there have been numerous publications covering clinical aspects and basic research. The timing of heart block is not random; bradycardia is most often identified between 16 and 24 weeks of ...
Leyh R G - - 1996
Acute renal insufficiency is a common complication after surgery for congenital cardiovascular defects in neonates and is associated with a high incidence of morbidity and mortality. The authors reviewed their experience with continuous venovenous haemofiltration in neonates and infants with acute renal insufficiency resulting from low cardiac output following cardiovascular ...
Barton J S - - 1996
Serum insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), and a range of growth and nutritional variables were investigated in 62 infants with congenital heart disease and healthy controls. Infants with congenital heart disease were small, underweight, and had a reduced energy intake. Serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 ...
Lee B C - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disorders are known to be the major causes for infants requiring intensive care. The consequences of the treatment given to these infants suffering from congestive heart failure and/or cyanosis need to be evaluated. METHODS: A total of 210 infants both at term suffering from critical cardiovascular problems were ...
Bando K - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The treatment of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome has been challenging and controversial. METHODS: To assess the operative management and intermediate-term outcome, we retrospectively analyzed our surgical experience with 50 newborns with hypoplastic left heart syndrome operated on between January 1989 and June 1995. RESULTS: Surgical palliation with ...
McGoron A J - - 1996
The mechanisms of myocardial extraction and retention of the new cationic lipophilic radionuclide imaging agent 99mTc-Q12 are currently unknown. We hypothesized that 99mTc-Q12 has satisfactory single-pass extraction independent of active transport processes and longer cellular retention than 201Tl for rapid and sustained cardiac imaging to differentiate perfusion defects. Isolated rat ...
Schwartz S M - - 1996
Increased myocardial collagen accompanies pressure overload of the adult left ventricle. This phenomenon is poorly understood in infants. This study compares the myocardial volume fraction of collagen in infants who did not have primary heart disease with infants with isolated pressure overload of the right ventricle (tetralogy of Fallot [ToF]), ...
Chia Y T - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study the obstetrics and neonatal outcome of women with congenital heart disease. METHOD: This is a retrospective study of 85 women with congenital cardiac disease. Data collected include maternal characteristics, New York Heart Association Class, cardiac complications and obstetric and neonatal outcome. RESULTS: The maternal and neonatal outcomes ...
Bendel-Stenzel M - - 1996
This report describes five infants (3 male, 2 female) with renal artery stenosis diagnosed in their 1st year of life. The age at initial presentation was 5 days to 10 months. All had symptoms of congestive heart failure, cardiomegaly on chest X-ray, and left ventricular hypertrophy by electrocardiogram or echocardiogram. ...
Sugihara G - - 1996
Nonlinear analyses of infant heart rhythms reveal a marked rise in the complexity of the electrocardiogram with maturation. We find that normal mature infants (gestation greater than or equal to 35 weeks) have complex and distinctly nonlinear heart rhythms (consistent with recent reports for healthy adults) but that such nonlinearity ...
Weindling S N - - 1996
To assess the efficacy and safety of current pharmacologic therapy for supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in infants, we reviewed 112 infants treated between July 1985 and March 1993. The SVT mechanism was determined by esophageal electrophysiologic study and involved an accessory pathway in 86, atrioventricular (AV) node reentry in 10, atrial ...
So B H - - 1996
A systolic heart murmur is not infrequently recognized in healthy newborn infants, especially those with a low birth weight. This study aimed at assessing the hemodynamics at the bifurcation of the main pulmonary artery using Doppler echocardiography and to correlate the results with this murmur. The peak velocities of main ...
Kibblewhite D P - - 1996
Methylxanthines are used to treat or prevent respiratory failure (apnoea) in premature infants both perinatally and perioperatively. Heart rate variability (HRV) is being increasingly used to measure autonomic function. In this study various indices of HRV were compared pre- and postmethylxanthine dosing in 22 infants (aged 24-36 weeks). HRV significantly ...
Crosson J E - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of atrioventricular (AV) node reentry tachycardia in infants undergoing transesophageal electrophysiological study for paroxysmal tachycardia. The records of all 52 infants < 1-year-old with structurally normal hearts who underwent transesophageal study for paroxysmal tachycardia over a 3-year period were reviewed. ...
Villar V C - - 1995
The myocardial development is anchored on the development of the blood vessels. We studied 5 fetuses in each 18.5 and 20.5 day of gestation and 5 neonates in each 2 and 7 day postnatal. Only one animal randomly selected per litter was used. Fragments of the ventricular myocardium were embedded ...
Cooper M J - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess the indications, use, and yield of fetal echocardiography. METHODS: We reviewed our 8-year experience with fetal echocardiography at a large health maintenance organization in northern California to assess the yield of abnormal findings for each indication and the accuracy of prenatal cardiac diagnosis. The study included 915 ...
van der Loop F T - - 1995
A direct and close association between desmosomes and intermediate-sized filaments of the keratin type exists in embryonic and in adult epithelial tissues. Cardiomyocytes are interconnected by spot-desmosomes, which are found in the intercalated disks and can be immunocytochemically detected by antibodies to desmoplakins. In this study, at the light microscopical ...
Moller J H - - 1995
We compare the data of three studies of hospitalized infants with cardiac disease performed between 1967 and 1987. The studies were from the New England Regional Infant Cardiac Program (1967-1974), the Brompton Hospital (1973-1982), and the Northern Great Plains Regional Cardiac Program (1982-1987). Considering differences in classification among the studies, ...
Pfammatter J P - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Junctional ectopic tachycardia is an early postoperative complication after intracardiac repair of congenital heart disease, especially in infants. Because of the high ventricular rate and the usually poor response to antiarrhythmic drugs, this condition is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this study was to ...
Porges S W - - 1995
The vagus, the 10th cranial nerve, contains pathways that contribute to the regulation of the internal viscera, including the heart. Vagal efferent fibers do not originate in a common brainstem structure. The Polyvagal Theory is introduced to explain the different functions of the two primary medullary source nuclei of the ...
Kohr L M - - 1995
Although the general goals of therapy for the medical and nursing management of CHF in children have not changed in the last decade, advances have been made in understanding the unique characteristics of the neonatal heart and tailoring therapy to best support cardiac function (Table 6). In addition, strides have ...
Takahashi N - - 1995
Four infants with severe intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) weighing less than 1000 g at birth developed heart failure and died in our unit, where heart failure of IUGR infants is the main reason of death in extremely low birth-weight infants. The causes of their heart failure are one of the ...
Gürakan B - - 1995
Neonatal lupus syndrome (NLS) is characterized by the presence of cutaneous lupus, congenital heart block or both associated with maternal autoantibodies anti-Ro (SS-A) and anti-La (SS-B). NLS is responsible for more than 80 percent of cases with isolated congenital complete heart block. This report describes a neonate with third-degree atrioventricular ...
Haxhija E Q - - 1995
We prospectively studied the vagal response to feeding tube insertion in eight healthy preterm infants, on three occasions in each infant during the first three weeks of life. Heart rate, oxygen saturation, respiration and cerebral blood flow velocities were assessed before, during and immediately after insertion of an orogastric feeding ...
Devi A S - - 1995
We report on two unrelated male infants with similar findings of communicating hydrocephalus, endocardial fibroelastosis (EFE) and congenital cataracts, who died at 4 months of age. Both mothers reported an upper respiratory infection during the first trimester of pregnancy which was further complicated by polyhydramnios in the third trimester. The ...
Allen C E - - 1995
The relationship between heart rate variability and level of illness was examined. Fifteen patients (10 male and 5 female), gestational ages 25 to 42 weeks, postnatal ages 1 to 42 days, birthweights 545 to 4375 g receiving care in the neonatal intensive care nursery were randomly selected. Data from each ...
McCauliffe D P - - 1995
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a rare disorder characterized by congenital heart block and/or cutaneous disease and less commonly is associated with hepatic and hematological abnormalities. The majority of affected infants acquire Ro/SS-A (Ro) autoantibodies transplacentally from the maternal circulation and it is generally thought that these antibodies are pathogenic. ...
Hawkins K C - - 1995
Two newborn infants developed cardiac failure due to severe hypertension which was recognised as the heart failure was treated. Renal abnormalities were found in both infants who are normotensive off treatment at 18 months follow up. The finding of hypertension rather than hypotension in the presence of cardiac failure and ...
Sadiq M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and patterns of congenital heart defects in infants requiring hospital admission in a defined population and to determine the differences in ethnic groups. DESIGN: A three year retrospective analysis of all hospital admissions for paediatric congenital heart defects in a single centre. SETTING: Tertiary referral ...
Komori S - - 1995
Since 1973, we have identified 4 cardiac tumors by ultrasonography in fetal or early postnatal life. Tuberous sclerosis was diagnosed in three infants whose mother was also affected. The first infant died from acute cardiac failure after birth, and the second required cardiac surgery. The third infant had a cardiac ...
Miyagawa S - - 1995
BACKGROUND: Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a syndrome characterized by dermatitis and congenital heart block (CHB). The disease is mostly associated with transplacental passage of maternal anti-Ro/SSA and/or La/SSB antibodies. OBJECTIVE: To examine maternal autoimmune response to recombinant Ro/SSA and La/SSB proteins in NLE with a single ethnic background. METHODS: ...
Lobo M L - - 1995
Twenty mother-infant dyads, ten with congenital heart disease (CHD) and ten controls, were studied during a naturally occurring feeding episode. Heart and respiratory rate data from a Hewlett Packard Infant Monitor were recorded on a computer while the feeding was videotaped for later scoring. No significant relationship was found between ...
Deiriggi P M - - 1995
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of waterbeds on heart rate (HR) in preterm infants. Subjects were 22 medically stable preterm infants. Across a 10-day study, HR was determined for a 1-hour period on each day. Baseline HRs with infants on the standard incubator mattress were ...
Azbel MYa - - 1994
Universal scaling relations for basal metabolism, heart rate, and life-span are presented in a physically transparent form with no adjustable parameters. Their accuracy is a few percent for animals ranging from invertebrates to mammals. They suggest that natural death is related to irreparable molecular damage to specific cells or molecules.
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