Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 808
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Rioux P - - 2001
AVANT Immunotherapeutics is developing TP-10, a recombinant soluble complement receptor type 1 (sCR1), for the potential treatment of reperfusion injury (following surgery, ischemic disease and organ transplantation), organ rejection, acute inflammatory injury to the lungs and autoimmune diseases [348669]. TP-10 has been awarded Orphan Drug status from the FDA for ...
Manning N - - 2001
Serious structural congenital heart disease usually presents to the neonatal paediatrician, although increasingly these conditions are being diagnosed before birth. It is, therefore, important that those dealing with these fetuses and infants have some knowledge of their natural and modified history. The vast majority of lesions can either be corrected ...
Palmero F - - 2001
The authors used 89 undergraduate students' scores in the S-factor of the Jenkins Activity Survey, a measure of speed and impatience, to classify 45 participants as high scorers and 44 as low scorers. They then measured the students' tonic and phasic heart rates during an examination, a genuinely stressful situation. ...
Walker T A - - 2001
Endocarditis due to group B streptococcus is very rare in infants, and may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Review of the literature reveals only a single reported case of an infant with this type of streptococcal endocarditis involving the mitral valve. This infant had underlying congenital heart disease, ...
Stiller B - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Capillary leak syndrome (CLS) is associated with significantly increased morbidity and occurs after cardiopulmonary bypass in children with congenital heart disease. We investigated the early clinical parameters that predict the development of CLS and examined the relationship between the presence of CLS and complement and contact activation and C1 ...
Anninos P - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: In this study we investigated the relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) and respiration in healthy and probably asphyxiated infants using magnetocardiographic (MCG) recordings. METHODS: Ten healthy and eight infants from pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia with indications of mild perinatal asphyxia were included in the study. All were near ...
Xu X - - 2001
A major consideration before analyzing heart period data or RR intervals is the removal of artifact. Automatic artifact rejection becomes critical when analyzing huge data sets where manual inspection is impossible. This study developed an efficient, automatic algorithm which uses both a +/-20% criteria and the median of 25 surrounding ...
Harrison L - - 2001
Preterm infants' physiological indicators, such as heart rate, respiratory rate, and oxygen saturation levels, are routinely monitored by devices that can alert nurses to threatening changes in condition. Most Neonatal Intensive Care Units use standard criteria as alerting algorithms to determine when an alert should be issued, and these standard ...
Kisilevsky B S - - 2001
Maturation of spontaneous cardiac and body movement behavior from 24 to 33 weeks gestational age was characterized prospectively in 168 high-risk fetuses threatening to deliver prematurely. Forty-eight, low-risk fetuses delivering as healthy full-term infants served as a comparison group. Fetuses were classified on the basis of gestational age at time ...
Lin M C - - 2001
Congenital complete heart blocks (CCHB) are mostly related to the neonatal lupus syndrome. The purpose of this paper was to assess the clinical spectrum of CCHB in our hospital. Nine patients were retrospectively enrolled between 1994 and 1999. The birth history, electrocardiography, 24-hour Holter monitoring, pacemaker insertion and its complications, ...
Etheridge S P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The clinical effectiveness of amiodarone must be weighed against the likelihood of adverse effects. Adverse effects are less common in children than in adults, yet there have been no large studies assessing the efficacy and safety of amiodarone in the first 9 months of life. We sought to assess ...
Gachara N - - 2001
Carvedilol has proven to be beneficial in a majority of adult patients with congestive heart failure. Although the experience from adult patients may be extrapolated to older children, symptomatic infants remain a subset for whom dosage, safety and efficacy need to be established. The purpose of this study was to ...
Villain E - - 2000
The results of epicardial pacing in infants with isolated congenital complete atrioventricular block (CAVB) are reported. Thirty-four patients, aged 1 day to 20 months (22 patients < 1 month), were paced between 1988 and 1998. Thirty had bradycardia < 50 beats/min with symptoms in 12 patients, and 4 patients were ...
Benatar A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of cisapride, a prokinetic gastrointestinal drug, on the electrocardiographic QT interval, heart rate, and rhythm in infants during routine 8-hour polysomnography. Reported electrocardiogram (ECG) and rhythm disturbances in a small number of patients with the use of cisapride provided the impetus for this prospective study. ...
Lowrie L - - 2000
Diuretics are the mainstay of traditional therapy for congestive heart failure. The syndrome of heart failure is now understood to involve complex interactions of neurohumoral substances released in response to poor cardiac function. Developmental changes during infancy and childhood will affect both the activation of systemic neurohumoral responses and the ...
Limperopoulos C - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental disabilities in children with congenital heart defects (CHDs) have been primarily attributed to intraoperative events without consideration of preoperative and postoperative factors. OBJECTIVE: To describe the preoperative and postoperative neurodevelopmental status of newborns and infants with CHDs. STUDY DESIGN: One hundred thirty-one children (56 newborns and 75 infants) ...
Romao J E JE - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of acute renal failure (ARF) on the evolution of infants undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: We assessed 15 infants undergoing cardiac surgery who developed (ARF). Their demographic, clinical and surgical data, and evolution were analyzed. RESULTS: Their mean age was 4.4+/-4.0 months (8 days to 24 ...
Abdullah M M - - 2000
We reviewed our experience of fetal cardiac dextroposition in the absence of an intrathoracic mass. Ten cases were found by fetal echocardiography to have a normal cardiac axis, but the heart was shifted into the right chest and the amount of right lung tissue was reduced. At birth seven of ...
Leitch CA - - 2000
Disturbances in growth are often a consequence of congenital heart disease during infancy and childhood. The magnitude of the growth disturbance is generally related to the anatomical lesion and is most severe in infants and children with congestive heart failure. Presently, surgical repair in this population is often delayed in ...
Osiovich H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To review our experience in managing infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and to establish a consistent approach in counseling families based on our experience and on review of medical literature. METHODS: Infants were divided into three group periods based on significant changes in the approach to treatment. ...
Clark B J BJ - - 2000
In its simplest and most succinct definition, heart failure can be defined as an inability of the heart to meet the metabolic demands of the body. Despite the diverse etiologies of heart failure in the pediatric population, the presentation of heart failure represents a common constellation of symptoms, signs, and ...
Sharma R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The immediate and intermediate-term neurodevelopmental outcome in infants undergoing open heart procedures using deep hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass was assessed prospectively. METHODS: One hundred consecutive infants (age 2 to 174 days) were operated on using either deep hypothermic bypass only (group A, n = 28), or with associated circulatory arrest ...
Eronen M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Few data are available in the literature regarding the long-term outcome of newborns with congenital complete heart block (CHB). The aims of this retrospective study were to assess neonatal morbidity and mortality, incidences of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), and associated heart defects, and to establish prenatal and postnatal factors that ...
Ardura J - - 2000
Patterns of circadian and ultradian rhythms in the heart rate (HR) are described in a full-term baby with birth asphyxia and convulsions. A 24h HR recording was carried out at the age of 1, 15, 56, 289, and 295 days; West syndrome diagnosis was made when the patient was 3 ...
Quek S C - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Congenital complete heart block is an uncommon condition in the newborn, but is known to occur with maternal systemic lupus erythematosus. CLINICAL PICTURE: This paper presents one such baby with complete heart block who was born premature (after a gestation of 30 weeks) and weighing 759 g. TREATMENT: Continuous ...
Olsson E - - 2000
Ten newborn infants, born at 25-41 wk of gestation and nursed in a neonatal intensive care unit or in a neonatal intermediate care unit, underwent monitoring of heart and respiratory rates with a new technique using an optical sensor, 0-60 d postnatally. The aim of this study was to compare ...
Bar-Haim Y - - 2000
Cardiac measures of heart period and high-frequency heart period variability are increasingly employed as dependent variables in studies of social and emotional development in infancy and childhood. This study describes significant developmental increases in these measures in a longitudinal sample assessed at 4, 9, 14, 24, and 48 months of ...
Corona R - - 2000
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is a rare disease characterized by the transplacental passage from the mother to the fetus of autoantibodies, in particular anti-Ro(SS-A), anti-La(SS-B), or both. The majority of infants with NLE exhibit isolated congenital heart block, cutaneous lesions analogous to those of adult subacute cutaneous lupus erythematosus, or ...
Moak JP - - 2000
Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is the most common sustained arrhythmia to present in the neonatal and infancy age group. Predisposing factors (congenital heart disease, drug administration, illness and fever) occur only in 15% of infants. The presentation of SVT in the neonate is frequently subtle, and may include pallor, cyanosis, restlessness, ...
Reddy V M - - 2000
Congenital heart defects in low birth weight infants are typically managed with supportive therapy or palliative surgery, and definitive repair is delayed. However, the morbidity of such an approach has been shown to be high. Recent reports emphasize early surgical repair with good results in low birth weight and premature ...
Nürnberg J H - - 2000
We report our experience of pacemaker treatment in a premature infant of 830 g with congenital complete atrioventricular block due to maternal Sjögren's Syndrome. The infant was delivered by cesarean section at an estimated gestational age of 26 weeks because of fetal bradycardia, decreasing fetal movements, and hydrops. Immediate postnatal ...
Cimaz R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the electrocardiograms (EKGs) of infants born to mothers with anti-SSA/Ro antibodies in order to evaluate the QT interval (the time from the beginning of the QRS complex to the end of the T wave). METHODS: Sera from mothers and children were analyzed for anti-Ro and anti-SSB/La antibodies ...
Fruitman D S - - 2000
Few congenital heart malformations have raised as many surgical, ethical, social and economic issues as the therapy for infants diagnosed with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Before the 1980s, this complex malformation was associated with 95% mortality within the first month of life. In the past two decades, palliative surgery and ...
Clancy R R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to generate a preoperative risk-of-death prediction model in selected neonates with congenital heart disease undergoing surgery with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. METHODS: We completed a single-center, prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo- controlled neuroprotection trial in selected neonates with congenital heart disease requiring operations for which deep hypothermic ...
Alderman L M - - 2000
Congenital heart disease includes a variety of malformations or defects arising during fetal development that affect the heart and major vessels. Because of improved diagnostics and therapy, infants who would otherwise have died soon after birth are surviving to adulthood and living longer, more productive lives. This growing population requires ...
Tomita Y - - 2000
A permanent pacemaker system was successfully implanted into a low-body-weight infant with congenital atrioventricular (AV) block, using a bipolar epicardial CapSure Epi lead and an autocaptured Pacesetter Solus-micro VVIR pacemaker. The calculated life span of the pacemaker generator is 5 years with a heart rate of 120/min and an output ...
Johnston J K - - 1999
Although heart transplantation has become recognized as a viable option for the treatment of incorrectable heart disease in infants and children, its application becomes less clear in infants with potentially serious neurologic impairment. The following case study illustrates one transplant team's approach to decision making in the case of an ...
Sahni R - - 1999
To study the effects of body position (supine versus prone) on changes in cardiac inter-beat interval during quiet and active sleep, 6-h continuous electrocardiographic recordings and simultaneous minute-by-minute behavioural activity state assignments were made in 61 healthy, growing, low birthweight infants. The infants weighed 795-1600 g at birth and ranged ...
Humpl T - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Ectopia cordis, defined as complete or partial displacement of the heart outside the thoracic cavity, is rare. The cause and pathogenesis are unknown. The anatomy of the heart may be normal, but the presence of structural heart disease as well as noncardiac malformations is common. Patients present incidentally after ...
Donofrio M T - - 1999
Thirty-two-week prenatal ultrasound revealed a fetal heart rate of 100 bpm with decreased variability on the heart rate tracing. Echocardiogram documented normal anatomy and sinus bradycardia. Newborn electrocardiogram revealed sinus rhythm at 100 bpm with a QTc of 0.657. Follow-up electrocardiogram revealed a QTc interval of 0.568, 2:1 atrioventricular block ...
Limperopoulos C - - 1999
Evoked potentials are sensitive prognostic tools in young infants at risk for developmental disability. The objective of this prospective study was to determine whether infants with congenital heart defects demonstrate evoked potential abnormalities prior to or following open heart surgery, and to examine the association between these abnormalities and developmental ...
Wiles H B - - 1999
Murmurs will be a frequent finding during the well child pediatric exam and perhaps more frequent during the evaluation of an acute illness, but most of these murmurs are innocent. Understanding the variety of causes of innocent murmurs should help identify them as such. However, referral to the pediatric cardiac ...
Sorof J M - - 1999
The mortality rate of infants who require renal replacement therapy after surgical repair of congenital heart disease has been reported to be 30%-79%. We report our experience with early initiation of continuous manual peritoneal dialysis (CPD) to treat fluid overload in 20 consecutive critically ill children who underwent CPD post ...
Lupoglazoff J M - - 1999
Junctional ectopic tachycardia (JET) is a rare cardiac arrhythmia characterized by atrio-ventricular dissociation, a high rate junctional escape rhythm and poor clinical tolerance in neonates and infants. Sudden infant death has been reported. The intra-uterine presentation of this arrhythmia is unknown. We report a familial form of JET with antenatal ...
Dittrich S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The role of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in the management of infants after heart operation is under discussion. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of PD on fluid balance and outcome. METHODS: Twenty-seven (33%) of 81 consecutive infants who underwent heart operation required PD. In 22 ...
Munn M B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To identify prenatally diagnosed cases of hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) and then to determine postnatal outcomes after surgical interventions. METHODS: An ultrasound and pediatric cardiology database was used to identify all fetuses diagnosed prenatally from 1991-1996 with HLHS. Fetal karyotypes were performed on cultured amniocytes. After diagnosis, parents ...
Fifer W P - - 1999
Prior research in newborns has shown that head-up and head-down tilting elicits sustained increases and decreases in heart rate, respectively. Other studies in older infants have suggested that the pattern of heart rate responses to head-up tilting varies with risk for sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). In this study, heart ...
Nagy E - - 1999
Heart rate changes were measured as a psychophysiological indicator during grasping reflex in 27 full-term healthy newborns at 2.5-50 h after birth. A significant heart rate deceleration accompanied the grasping response. Reflex grasping of a mother's hand, as a component of human attachment behaviour, may have a positive calming effect ...
Verklan M T - - 1999
Identifying variables predictive of neurobehavioural sequelae is a key objective in the study of high-risk neonates. Examination of heart rate variability (HRV) characteristics may be a finer discriminator of the neonate's response to physiologic stressors than the mean heart rate. The energy entropy of the heart beat tachogram, computed in ...
Liu H - - 1999
We treated a neonatal infant who presented with heart failure and a giant torcular dural arteriovenous fistula by staged transtorcular embolization with two guidewires, 95 platinum microcoils, and tissue glues through a needle-size craniotomy. Blood loss was minimal. The patient was stable without heart failure after a three-staged embolization. The ...
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