Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 809
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Nakazawa Kiyoshi - - 2003
The autonomic properties in 27 patients with the electrocardiographic morphology of Brugada syndrome were investigated using 24-h Holter monitoring: 10 patients had a history of ventricular fibrillation (VF; Br-VF group) and 17 did not (Br-N group); there were 26 healthy subjects enrolled in this study. All subjects underwent normal Holter ...
O'Sullivan Laura P - - 2003
Attention mediates the acquisition and encoding of information about the world and is central to motor action. Heart rate deceleration and behavioral inhibition are sensitive indices of the attentional process, but it is unknown whether these indices are valid in the context of overt action. The current study investigated the ...
Yen Hung-Rong - - 2003
Cardiac rhabdomyoma, the most common cardiac tumor of infant and child, has been known to be associated with tuberous sclerosis complex. However, tuberous sclerosis complex with fetal supraventricular tachycardia is rarely reported. Herein, we report a female neonate diagnosed as tuberous sclerosis complex with cardiac rhabdomyoma presenting as supraventricular tachycardia. ...
Reich Jonathan D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether pulse oximetry can be used as a screening test to detect congenital heart disease (CHD) in otherwise well newborns before nursery discharge. METHODS: Births at Lakeland Regional Medical Center (LRMC) who met inclusion criteria, had a single pulse oximeter reading before discharge. A normal reading was ...
Reid Gladys M - - 2003
Although low selenium levels have been recorded in infants, no specific human disorder has been linked to low selenium status. The incidence of thrush, the common enteric fungal infection caused by Candida albicans, has increased markedly with antibiotic therapy and research has provided evidence that its colonization leads to competition ...
Lemmerling Philippe - - 2003
Some studies have shown that neonates having experienced an Apparent Life-Threatening Event (ALTE) have an increased risk of dying of the Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). In this study the heart rate variability in neonates has been analyzed through a study of the long range correlations and scale invariance (self-similarity) ...
Wang Ling-Jen - - 2002
Neonatal lupus erythematosus is an immune-mediated disease associated with the transplacental passage of maternal autoantibodies, primarily anti-Ro (SS-A) and anti-La (SS-B). The major clinical manifestations are isolated congenital heart block and cutaneous lupus lesions. Other symptoms include hematologic and hepatic abnormalities. We report a male neonate, born to a mother ...
Brucato Antonio - - 2002
Congenital heart block (CHB), defined as an atrioventricular block diagnosed in utero, at birth, or within the neonatal period (0-27 d after birth), is a rare disorder closely linked to transplacental transport of maternal antibodies anti-Ro/SSA and anti-La/SSB. These antibodies may induce a myocarditis, or interact directly with calcium channel ...
Sherman Jan - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of prenatal cigarette smoke exposure on newborn heart rate following the physiologic challenge of birth. DESIGN: Nonexperimental, comparative. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 130 full-term, healthy newborns who were born at a suburban medical center. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cotinine is the major metabolite of nicotine ...
McConnell Michael E - - 2002
Congenital heart disease (CHD) occurs in 8 per 1000 live births, with approximately one third of these neonates requiring intervention in the first month of life. Neonates with respiratory distress, cyanosis, feeding difficulties, low cardiac output, or dysmorphic syndromes commonly have CHD. Clinical suspicion increases in a symptomatic infant with ...
SiwiƄska Aldona - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction has been described in adults with secundum atrial septal defect (ASD II) and heart failure (CHF). This anomaly has been rarely regarded as a cause of CHF in pediatric patients with ASD II. AIM: To assess LV systolic and diastolic function in patients with ASD ...
Shiotani Seiji - - 2002
PURPOSE: To evaluate postmortem CT (PMCT) finding of hypostasis. METHODS: PMCT examinations were performed within 2 hours of death in 126 patients who arrived at our institution in nontraumatic cardiopulmonary arrest. RESULTS: PMCT showed hypostasis as high-density fluid level in the lumen of the heart or great vessels in 66 ...
Ayoubi Jean-Marc - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to study the likelihood of survival of infants who are born before 28 weeks of gestation and to examine the influence of fetal heart rate findings on neonatal death. STUDY DESIGN: In this retrospective study, we analyzed the mortality rate of infants at 2 months of ...
Buchhorn Reiner - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) provides a noninvasive index of autonomic nervous system activity. HRV has shown to be reduced in congestive heart failure and in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Beta-blockers improve HRV in adults with congestive heart failure, but this improvement remains to be demonstrated ...
Bokesch Paula M - - 2002
The glial-derived protein S100B is a serum marker of cerebral ischemia and correlates with negative neurological outcome after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in adults. We sought to characterize the S100B release pattern before and after CPB in neonates and infants with congenital heart disease and correlate it with surgical mortality. Serum ...
Abdel-Rahman U - - 2002
Biventricular pacing therapy is an innovative therapy for improving cardiac output in adult patients with severe heart failure. However, this technique is not yet used in infants with congenital heart disease. We present a six month old infant with tetralogy of fallot and atresia of the left pulmonary artery in ...
Rocha Ricardo R Global Medical Affairs, Pharmacia Corporation, 100 Route 206 North, PO Box 800, Peapack, New Jersey, USA. - - 2002
Until relatively recently, the mineralocorticoid hormone aldosterone was thought to be produced uniquely in the adrenal cortex and to act exclusively on epithelia to promote sodium retention and potassium excretion. However, it is now known that aldosterone also acts on nonepithelial tissues, such as brain, heart, and blood vessels, and ...
Koch L E - - 2002
Alterations in the heart rate were monitored before, during and after the application of a unilateral mechanical impulse to the high cervical spinal cord region which was administered strictly in connection with the so called manual therapy (diagnosis= KISS). The investigation is based on a survey of 695 infants between ...
Brunelli Susan A - - 2002
Heart rates (HR) and autonomic control of heart period (HP) during maternal separation and isolation were measured at postnatal days (P) 10 and 18 in rat pups selectively bred for high, low, and random rates of infant ultrasonic vocalization. P10 pups displayed no significant line differences in HRs, strong tonic ...
Lee Hae-Kyung - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of sponge bathing on physiological (vagal tone, heart rate, heart period, oxygen saturation) and behavioural responses in newly born premature infants in the intensive care unit of a university hospital in South Korea. A convenience sample was taken of 40 ...
Kuwabara Yoshimitsu - - 2003
A 23-year-old woman, gravida 1, was referred to our hospital for possible fetal distress at 32 weeks of pregnancy. A fetal cardiotochogram showed a reactive pattern, but mild continuous bradycardia and an intermittent pulse were observed, regarded as a sinus type and a type of A-V block, respectively. The continuous ...
Al-Baradai Abdul Aziz S - - 2002
Streptococcal endocarditis in an infant is rare. We report a case of acute aortic valve endocarditis with abscess and aorta-to-right atrial fistula formation. This 4-month-old infant with a structurally normal heart had been previously well. The child was successfully treated with the Ross procedure and remains well 13 months postoperatively.
Lin C P - - 2002
A case of an infant receiving orthotopic heart transplantation with over-sized donor heart was reported. Left lower pulmonary venous obstruction after sternotomy closure was detected by transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) and the decision to delay sternal closure was made and the clinical outcome was very satisfactory. The usefulness of intraoperative TOE ...
Bölke Edwin - - 2002
In a prospective clinical study, we investigated the inflammatory response in 88 neonatal subjects (43 boys and 45 girls) who underwent major abdominal surgery owing to congenital malformation involving the gastrointestinal tract and compared it with the response in 20 infants (8 boys, 12 girls; mean age, 4 mo) who ...
Attanawanich Sukasom - - 2002
A fresh autologous pericardial trileaflet valve conduit was used in a 5-month-old infant for correction of truncus arteriosus. The patient recovered from the operation with satisfactory hemodynamics and post-operative echocardiogram at 3 months showed only mild to moderate pulmonary regurgitation. This technique is a useful alternative for correction in an ...
Sklansky Mark - - 2002
The maternal psychological impact of fetal echocardiography may be deleterious in the face of newly diagnosed congenital heart disease. This questionnaire-based study prospectively examined the psychological impact of both normal and abnormal fetal echocardiography. Normal fetal echocardiography decreased maternal anxiety, increased happiness, and increased the closeness women felt toward their ...
Fuenmayor Abdel J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This research was conducted to determine whether the depolarization and repolarization cardiac process of children born at high altitude differs from that of children born at lower altitudes. METHODS: We studied three groups of 30 healthy newborns in the Venezuelan Andes. Group 3500 m consisted of infants born at ...
Mehta Sudhir Ken - - 2002
In adults and older children, heart rate variability (HRV) is frequently used to study autonomic function noninvasively. Normal values of HRV in newborn infants, however, are not widely available. This problem may be partially attributed to the lack of standardization of different methods. This study assessed HRV in normal newborn ...
Watanabe Yoshihiko - - 2002
An initial infradian prominence characterizes the spectral element of the chronome or the time structure of half-hourly heart rates during the first 40 days after birth of a boy born at term. Immediately pertinent infradian prominence, which was previously documented for many premature infants and anticipated from the integration of ...
Inoue Kazuhiko - - 2002
Neonatal lupus erythematosus, characterized mainly by congenital heart block and transient skin lesions, is usually self-limited. A patient with history of neonatal lupus erythematosus and congenital heart block developed central nervous system vasculopathy resembling moyamoya disease and hypertension at 17 years of age. Careful examination and follow-up of possible central ...
Kanagasegar Sivalingam - - 2002
Neonatal lupus is characterized by typical clinical features and the presence of maternal autoantibodies. Mothers can have systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or Sjögren's syndrome, but are commonly not affected with any clinical disease. The major clinical manifestations in the infants are cardiac, dermatological and hepatic with rare instances of hemolytic ...
Goksör E - - 2002
The diving response involves reflex bradycardia, apnoea and peripheral vasoconstriction and is known to exist in human infants. The response diminishes with increasing age and has been reported to disappear by the age of 6 mo. This study was performed to analyse the physiological events during natural diving of full-term ...
Naidoo D P DP Department of Medicine, Nelson R. Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, - - 2002
Heart disease in pregnancy is an uncommon problem in the developed world, but reaches a high prevalence in poor countries. In South Africa 0.65% of all pregnant women have heart disease, and there is an unacceptably high morbidity and mortality rate (9.5% ). Rheumatic heart disease accounts for most of ...
Blaufox A D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine the indications, the safety, and the efficacy of pediatric radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) in infants. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from the pediatric RFCA registry were reviewed. Between August 1989 and January 1999, 137 infants, defined by age 0 to 1.5 years ...
A.A SHAH MOHAMMADI; Pediatric ...
ntroduction: Post operative care in newborn and infants are different from other ages. Methods: A retrospective study performed in 140 patient during one year period (1998). The selected patients were under 2 years old. Results: Data from our study showed 54 percent of the operations was palliative and 46 percent ...
Liu J - - 2001
Neonatal lupus erythematosus is a rare disorder caused by transplacental autoantibodies from the mother to the fetus. This syndrome is characterized by congenital heart block and/or cutaneous lesion. A total of 10 cases of neonatal lupus erythematosus were diagnosed at the National Taiwan University Hospital from 1988 through 1998. The ...
Blass E M - - 2001
This study evaluates the effects of colostrum, delivered via syringe or on a pacifier, on the pain and heart rate reactions of newborns undergoing routine heel-lance. This was achieved by following a quasi-randomized, controlled trial in which 60 newborn infants at Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, were randomly assigned to ...
Buchhorn R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to investigate cytokine and nitric oxide levels in pediatric patients suffering from chronic heart failure and to investigate effects of beta-blocker treatment on these levels. PATIENTS: Fifteen infants with heart failure resulting from left-to-right shunts with pulmonary overcirculation were compared with 11 infants with cyanotic ...
Azakie T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: This study reviews our 10-year experience with the modified Norwood procedure to determine its early and midterm outcomes. The focus is on the impact of evolving management strategies and accumulated institutional experience. METHODS: A modified Norwood operation was performed in 171 infants over a 10-year period. Sixty-eight percent of ...
Eronen M - - 2001
Congenital heart block (CHB) can result in intrauterine cardiac failure leading to fetal or neonatal loss. To establish perinatal hemodynamic factors which might predict adverse outcome, six fetuses with CHB diagnosed between 20 and 30 gestational weeks were examined by echocardiography at 2-week intervals. Neonatal morbidity and outcome in infancy ...
Kim E S - - 2001
A full-term baby girl who was sent home day of life 2 was admitted to the hospital on day of life 7 for respiratory distress and poor feeding. The child was found to be hypertensive and in heart failure. Further workup led to the diagnosis of a suprarenal abdominal aortic ...
Buchhorn R - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The clinical symptoms of heart failure in infants with left-to-right shunts are thought to be explained by well-known hemodynamic disturbances such as pulmonary hypertension and overcirculation, but previous studies have not, thus far, found the expected correlations with hemodynamic and clinical parameters. Based on the neurohormonal model of heart ...
Brucato A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the true prevalence of congenital complete heart block (CCHB) in infants of anti-Ro/SSA-positive women known to have connective tissue disease (CTD) and, secondarily, to evaluate the prevalence of other electrocardiographic abnormalities in these newborns at birth. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in 4 referral hospitals. One ...
Clancy R R - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: This pharmacologic protection trial was conducted to test the hypothesis that allopurinol, a scavenger and inhibitor of oxygen free radical production, could reduce death, seizures, coma, and cardiac events in infants who underwent heart surgery using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA). DESIGN: This was a single center, randomized, placebo-controlled, ...
Buchhorn R - - 2001
AIM: Infants with congenital heart disease and left-to-right shunts may develop significant clinical symptoms of congestive heart failure in spite of therapy with digoxin and diuretics. We investigated the effects of beta-blockade in infants with severe heart failure. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a prospective, randomized, open monocenter trial in ...
Benatar A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Reported QTc prolongation associated with cardiac arrhythmia in a small number of children undergoing cisapride therapy and lack of pharmacokinetic correlation provided the impetus for this prospective study. The authors evaluated the relation between cisapride plasma concentrations, the electrocardiographic QT interval, and cardiac rhythm in infants undergoing routine 8-hour ...
Lindner W - - 2001
A newborn girl presented with symptoms of severe early onset sepsis but also with systemic hypertension (SH) at age 3 h. Plasma catecholamine (CAT) levels were extremely elevated, reflecting increased release of CAT from a congenital neuroblastoma (NB). Clinical symptoms at time of admission were: prolonged capillary refill (5 s), ...
Jaeggi E T - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: Most pregnant women in New South Wales undergo obstetric ultrasound examination, including some assessment of fetal cardiac anatomy. We aimed to review the spectrum of cardiac defects, management and outcome data of all fetuses with diagnosis of major congenital heart disease between 1994 and 1996 and compare them to ...
Feit L R - - 2001
The diagnosis and management of fetal cardiac arrhythmias requires complex skills and knowledge, and has had a great impact on the care of infants with congenital heart disease and their families. Optimal benefits will be derived from a thoughtful team approach, with skillful internal communication, and especially when parental involvement ...
Wernovsky G - - 2001
The LBW infant with congenital heart defects is likely to be at a higher risk for postoperative death and complications than their normal-sized counterparts because of the effects of prematurity and other organ system dysfunction. Current experience, however, does not suggest that waiting to obtain an arbitrary weight before surgery ...
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