Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 808
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Miyagawa Sachiko - - 2005
There has been tremendous interest in neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) since the reports of anti-Ro/SSA antibodies as a diagnostic marker. Recent studies, including ours, have revealed racial differences as well as similarities in the clinical features and immunogenetic backgrounds of Japanese and Caucasian patients with NLE. The frequency of photosensitivity ...
Huebler Michael - - 2005
Even in infants and small children, ventricular assist devices have an emerging role in the treatment of congenital and postcardiotomy heart failure. Extracorporeal pneumatic pulsatile devices are considered the strategy of choice if long-lasting bridge to recovery or transplantation is expected. However, complete explantation of the device may be complicated ...
Cohen Shlomo - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether plasma levels of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (N-BNP) could differentiate between heart failure and lung disease among infants with acute respiratory distress. In addition, our aim was to determine whether plasma levels of N-BNP could be used to monitor the ...
Lu Shajia - - 2005
N-RAP gene expression and N-RAP localization were studied during mouse heart development using semiquantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence. N-RAP mRNA was detected at embryonic day (E) 10.5, significantly increased from E10.5 to E16.5, and remained essentially constant from E16.5 until 21 days after birth. In E9.5-10.5 heart tissue, ...
Meyer Steven R - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Cryopreserved allograft tissue used in the Norwood procedure for infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) has the potential to cause marked immunologic sensitization which may complicate potential future heart transplantation, if required. The purpose of this study was to assess the anti-HLA antibody response to allograft patches used ...
Sarti Armando - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To compare the performance of four clinical methods (apex ear auscultation; brachial, carotid, and femoral pulse palpation) for detecting and counting heart beat in infants. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, repeated-measures study design. Prospective data collection. SETTING: A postanesthesia care unit of a pediatric teaching hospital in Italy. PATIENTS: Fifty-six normotensive sedated ...
Dixon Bradley P - - 2005
This report describes severe hypertension in a 7-week-old male infant found to have renovascular disease from an organized hematoma due to prenatal trauma. As such, this case illustrates a novel acquired, congenital mechanism of renovascular hypertension. The importance of considering prenatal as well as postnatal etiologies of acquired renovascular hypertension ...
Motz Reinald - - 2005
Treatment in heart failure could be guided by additional non-clinical measures, such as neurohumoral levels. Variability in heart rate is known to reflect neurohumoral stimulation. With this in mind, we sought to assess retrospectively the variability in heart rate to guide the treatment of infants in heart failure. We analysed ...
Varona L - - 2005
The Bayes factor (BF) procedure was applied to examine the additive genetic component of several physiological and vitality variables for newborn pigs. Nine variables were studied: heart rate, arterial oxygen saturation, rectal temperature (all at birth and 60 min later), birth weight, interval between birth and first teats contact, and ...
Kirjavainen Turkka - - 2005
Cardiovascular control was studied in infants with univentricular heart (UVH). Side motion tests and 45-s 45 degrees head-up tilt tests were performed in 11 control and 9 UVH infants at the age of 13 +/- 3.2 wk. In addition, heart rate (HR) reactions to spontaneous arousals and HR variability during ...
Vergani Patrizia - - 2005
The aim was to delineate the significance and natural history of fetal arrhythmias and provide information about their management. A cohort of 114 infants with fetal arrhythmias detected during prenatal ultrasound (US) screening were studied. All subjects underwent echocardiography and were treated as clinically indicated. Postnatal outcome was obtained in ...
Yang Yanfei - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The causes of transcristal conduction (TC) in patients with atrial flutter (AFL) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: In two groups of patients referred for AFL ablation, 36 had cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI) dependent flutter (Group I) and 24 had lower (n = 21) or upper loop reentry (n = 5) ...
Nakamura Toru - - 2005
Heartbeat intervals, which are determined basically by regular excitations of the sinoatrial node, show significant fluctuation referred to as the heart rate variability (HRV). The HRV is mostly due to nerve activities through the sympathetic and parasympathetic branches of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). In recent years, it has been ...
Szymankiewicz Marta - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Perinatal asphyxia constitutes a significant problem influencing neonatal mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present work was to provide evidence of the usefulness of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and echocardiographic investigations in the diagnosis of heart damage in full-term infants after intrauterine hypoxia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The ...
Divi Rao L - - 2005
Hearts from 1-yr-old Erythrocebus patas monkeys were examined after in utero and 6-wk-postbirth exposure to antiretroviral nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). Protocols were modeled on those given to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected pregnant women. NRTIs were administered daily to the dams for the last 20% or 50% of gestation, and ...
Wang P - - 2005
This paper presents an algorithm for accurate and improved detection of the first heart sound S<inf>1</inf>for heart sound cardiac cycle segmentation under noisy environments. The proposed algorithm integrates an S<inf>1</inf>/S<inf>2</inf>selection step and an S<inf>1</inf>identification step. An adaptive sub-level tracking algorithm based on wavelet transform is proposed to separate the S<inf>1</inf>and ...
Dorfman Adam L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Echocardiography has been shown to be highly accurate in infants and children, but its accuracy has not been studied in detail in low birth weight (LBW) infants with structural congenital heart disease (CHD). This study was undertaken to examine the diagnostic accuracy of echocardiography in the evaluation of CHD ...
Wagner Mary B - - 2005
Isolated infant human atrial cells have a slower early repolarization than adult human atrial cells. In addition, from room temperature voltage-clamp studies, infant cells have lower basal L-type calcium currents than adult cells. We hypothesized that the slower repolarization increases the calcium transient of infant human atrial cells. Atrial myocytes ...
Cuneo Bettina F - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Prenatal diagnosis of critical (requiring neonatal intervention) cardiac defects (critical congenital heart diseases (CCHD)) improves survival, yet detection of such malformations is poor. Our institution changed its practice and integrated a pediatric cardiologist into the perinatal team. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how this change affected ...
Anatoliotaki M - - 2004
Accelerated ventricular rhythm (AVR) was observed in two newborn infants. In the first case, arrhythmia was noted during the foetal period. Both neonates were asymptomatic and had no evidence of cardiac disease. The arrhythmia eventually disappeared when the infants were 4 mo and 24 d old, respectively. AVR in the ...
Chatoor Irene - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether infantile anorexia is associated with physiological dysregulation. METHOD: This study included eight toddlers with infantile anorexia and eight healthy eaters matched for age, race, socioeconomic status, and gender. Physiological measures of heart period and respiratory sinus arrhythmia were assessed across three different situations: mother-toddler interaction, toddler-stranger ...
ter Heide H - - 2004
To report the antenatal detection rate in a consecutive series of liveborn infants with atrioventricular septal defect (AVSD). Review and analysis of referrals for detailed fetal echocardiography and postnatal diagnosis of AVSD. Tertiary referral centre for congenital heart disease centre with data prospectively collected between 1996 to 2001. 92 consecutively ...
O'Hagan A H - - 2004
Miliary neonatal hemangiomatosis is a rare, life-threatening condition associated with cutaneous and multiorgan involvement. We report two infants with this condition who had fulminant cardiac failure and cardiac septal hypertrophy. The first was a 5-day-old boy who presented with increasing numbers of cutaneous hemangiomata associated with worsening cardiac failure. Magnetic ...
Morton Ronald L - - 2004
We describe the case of an infant who presented to our institution with tachypnea, cough, and hypoxemia. The baby had been diagnosed with complete heart block (heart rate 50-60 beats/min) in utero and had a pacemaker placed at birth. The mother was found to have both anti-Ro and anti-La antibodies. ...
Baker John E - - 2004
The potential contribution of oxidative stress to cardioprotection in infants induced by adaptation to chronic hypoxia and by ischemic preconditioning is poorly understood. Under conditions of oxidative stress, reactive oxygen species and reactive nitrogen species may contribute to phenotypic changes in hearts adapted to chronic hypoxia and to the pathogenesis ...
Velaphi Sithembiso - - 2004
The common side effects associated with the use of prostaglandins in newborn infants include apnoea, hyperthermia, diarrhoea, skin flushing and oedema. Periosteal reaction or cortical thickening of the bones, also known as cortical hyperostosis, is associated with a prolonged use of prostaglandins. This is a radiological diagnosis; therefore, its occurrence ...
Galli Kristin K - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Periventricular leukomalacia is necrosis of the cerebral white matter adjacent to the lateral ventricles and results from injury to immature oligodendroglia. In infants without congenital heart disease, periventricular leukomalacia is associated with an increased incidence of developmental delay and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The incidence of periventricular leukomalacia and the ...
Weng Ken-Pen - - 2004
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of peritoneal dialysis (PD) on fluid balance and renal function in 17 infants with low cardiac output syndrome after open heart surgery. Peritoneal catheters were inserted prophylactically at the end of the cardiac operation. An effective negative fluid balance was ...
Ardura Julio - - 2004
A circadian rhythm of heart rate and respiratory rate was seen at 1, 8, and 12 months of age in an infant born without ocular tissue, which supports the possibility that the time cues were nonphotic. No melatonin circadian rhythm was detected at any age up to 9 years of ...
Kobayashi Tsukasa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Biatrial pacing has a significant problem with memory function that misinterprets normal sinus rhythm as atrial tachyarrhythmias and in addition estimation of the atrial pacing thresholds (biatrial and uniatrial pacing thresholds) is sometimes difficult because of small P waves. METHODS AND RESULTS: The intracardiac electrograms recorded by a pacemaker ...
Abushaban L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There has been concern over the increase in the number of babies born with congenital heart diseases (CHD) in Kuwait after the Gulf War. METHODS: We evaluated retrospectively the number of Kuwaiti infants who were diagnosed to have CHD within the first year of life. The comparison was made ...
Blessing Frithjof - - 2004
The aim of the present study was to examine whether the recently introduced heparin-mediated extra-corporeal low-density lipoprotein precipitation (HELP) apheresis system Plasmat Futura (since 2001) was comparable to Plasmat Secura system, used to date, in its efficiency to remove atherogenic components, its ease of handling and operating as well as ...
Smith Sandra L - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Heart period variability provides a measure of balance between the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) and parasympathetic nervous system (PNS). Since the PNS develops during the final weeks of gestation, premature infants have an overriding SNS. Spectral power analysis of heart period variability reveals two main frequency regions, the low ...
Zamora Samuel A - - 2004
We studied prospectively the effects of cisapride on heart rate and rhythm using standard ECG and 24-hour ECG recordings in term and preterm neonates and infants. We studied subjects with gastroesophageal reflux disease (apparent life-threatening events, apneas, bradycardias) before and 3 days after starting cisapride (0.8 mg/kg/day in 4 doses). ...
Gaynor J William - - 2004
The dramatic reduction in surgical mortality following repair of congenital heart defects has been accompanied by increasing recognition of adverse neurodevelopmental sequelae in some children. Neurodevelopmental abnormalities following neonatal and infant cardiac surgery include mild cognitive impairment, expressive speech and language abnormalities, impaired attention and executive function, impaired visual and ...
Jean-Louis Magali - - 2004
We used spectral analysis of heart rate variability, as a measure of autonomic tone, to determine spectral power differences in infants sleeping supine and prone. We studied 29 infants with a birth weight of 1,915 +/- 939 g, at the postconceptional age of 36 +/- 2 weeks. We then calculated ...
Rakza Thameur - - 2004
Congenital auriculo-ventricular blocks (CAVB) are usually linked to maternal auto-immune diseases and their management remains controversial. We report three cases of CAVB in preterm newborns managed using electro-stimulation with an external, followed by an internal pacemaker. Results and long-term follow-up were satisfactory in all three children. the transitory placement of ...
Abu-Sulaiman R M - - 2004
Our objective was to study neonates born to insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) mothers to detect the spectrum of congenital heart disease (CHD). Between July 2000 and June 2001, a prospective study of 100 consecutive infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) at King Khalid University Hospital in Riyadh was undertaken. Family and ...
Lee Philip J - - 2003
Charles Dent was one of the first physicians to recognize the teratogenic effects of maternal phenylalanine (Phe) on the fetus in 1956. This article describes the clinical experiences of women with phenylketonuria (PKU) within the unit that was established by Dent in the United Kingdom. Between 1977 and 2002, 79 ...
Novi Joseph M - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Complete heart block is the most common congenital heart block diagnosed in the fetalneonatal period. Maternal administration of beta-sympathomimetic agents has been used to treat this condition in the fetus. We know of no previous reports of the delivery of beta-sympathomimetics via a continuous subcutaneous pump for management of ...
De Groote Katya - - 2003
We determined inter- and intra-observer variability of measurements of QT and heart rate corrected QT (QTc) interval in newborn infants. In 55 newborns, a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) with rhythm strip was analysed independently by three observers. QT and the preceding RR interval were measured in three different beats. The ...
Chakrabarti Chandrama - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To describe a group of infants with complex congenital heart disease (CCHD) who had candidemia postoperatively and to perform a case-control study of risk factors. DESIGN: Descriptive and case-control study. SETTING: Tertiary-care medical centers. PATIENTS: Infants with CCHD who underwent cardiac surgery and developed candidemia. Controls were matched for ...
Shashi Vandana - - 2003
Approximately 70% of individuals with chromosome 22q11 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) have congenital heart defects. A host of other vascular problems in these patients, such as tortuous carotid arteries, Raynaud's phenomenon, unexplained hypotension, hypertension, and hypothermia, raise the possibility that there may be abnormal autonomic regulation of the vascular system. So ...
Botto Lorenzo D - - 2003
Congenital heart defects are among the most common congenital anomalies and are the leading cause of infant death due to congenital anomalies. Except for a few known measures, effective primary prevention is not yet feasible for most heart anomalies. Recent reports have associated the use of multivitamin supplements around the ...
Mulla Neda F - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Restrictive interatrial communication (IAC) causes morbidity and mortality in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome awaiting cardiac transplantation. We sought to create a scoring system, based on echocardiographic and clinical findings, to serve as a guide for determining the need for balloon atrial septostomy (BAS). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed ...
Kannankeril Prince J - - 2003
Atrioventricular nodal reentry tachycardia (AVNRT) is an uncommon mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia in neonates in whom orthodromic reciprocating tachycardia (ORT) predominates. We report three patients with structurally normal hearts who presented with neonatal ORT, documented by transesophageal electrophysiology studies at 2 to 3 weeks of age. At follow-up study at ...
van der Kuip M - - 2003
AIM: To assess energy requirements and body composition in preoperative children with congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: In 11 infants with CHD (2-8 mo), total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) and total body water (TBW) were measured with doubly labelled water and compared with historic data from healthy controls. Within the ...
Cimaz Rolando - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) is characterized by complete congenital heart block (CCHB), cutaneous rash, and laboratory abnormalities in infants born to mothers with autoantibodies directed against SSA/Ro, SSB/La, or both. We carried out a prospective study to determine the incidence of individual NLE features. STUDY DESIGN: The study was ...
Kopf Gary S - - 2003
Low-birth weight (LBW) remains a significant risk factor in surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD). The timing of surgery and the choice of complete repair vs palliative measures are controversial issues. Delay of surgery to achieve weight gain may result in poorer outcomes. The results of a statewide, cardiac surgery ...
Nakazawa Kiyoshi - - 2003
The autonomic properties in 27 patients with the electrocardiographic morphology of Brugada syndrome were investigated using 24-h Holter monitoring: 10 patients had a history of ventricular fibrillation (VF; Br-VF group) and 17 did not (Br-N group); there were 26 healthy subjects enrolled in this study. All subjects underwent normal Holter ...
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