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Hatayama Tomoko - - 2008
The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of 45 min of facial massage on the activity of autonomic nervous system, anxiety and mood in 32 healthy women. Autonomic nervous activity was assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) with spectral analysis. In the spectral analysis of HRV, we ...
Lauritzen Lotte - - 2008
Polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids (n-3PUFA) may improve brain development and prevent cardiovascular disease. Heart rhythm is autonomically controlled and among the affected cardiovascular risk markers in adults. The aim of the study was to examine whether fish oil supplementation in late infancy could modify heart rate (HR) and heart rate ...
Clancy Robert Ryan - - 2008
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, prematurity, sepsis-meningitis, and serious forms of complex congenital heart disease requiring infant heart surgery are just a few examples of disorders that share high mortality and morbidity rates. Newborn heart surgery represents a period of planned and deliberate ischemia-reperfusion injury, which is obliged to occur to cure ...
Nakajima Mizue - - 2008
We describe an infant with nemaline myopathy accompanied by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The patient required long-term, intermittent positive-pressure ventilation after birth owing to muscle weakness, and cardiac failure developed during infancy. We diagnosed hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with outflow tract obstruction, and treated the heart failure with beta-adrenergic and angiotensin II receptor blockers. ...
Friguls B - - 2009
Berardinelli-Seip congenital lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare autosomal recessive condition associating insulin resistance, absence of subcutaneous fat and muscular hypertrophy. Disease-causing mutations have been described in AGPAT2 and BSCL2 genes. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a classical late (third decade) complication which has only been occasionally described in childhood. We report on ...
Sulemanji D S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to compare difficulties in vascular access interventions in infants with and without Down Syndrome (DS) undergoing congenital heart surgery. METHODS: The anesthesia records of infants with DS undergoing congenital heart surgery (Group DS, n=61) were reviewed and matched with records of infants without DS (Group ND, ...
Ragni Luca - - 2009
Whereas it is well known that idiopathic HCM can present in newborns and infants, little information is available on HT in this very young age group. We report a series of 17 infants with idiopathic HCM, including two neonates with rapidly progressive severe HF for whom HT was necessary. When ...
Walsh Mark A - - 2008
We describe an infant presenting with fetal pericardial effusion requiring in utero pericardiocentesis. Important postnatal clinical features included recurrent pericardial effusion, progressive stridor, thrombocytopenia, anemia, and a mediastinal mass surrounding the heart and coronary arteries. Investigations and management consisted of repeat pericardiocentesis, platelet and red blood cell transfusions, laryngoscopy, creation ...
Chang Ruey-Kang R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the rate and the clinical and demographic characteristics of missed diagnosis of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). DESIGN: Population-based retrospective study of 1989-2004 California statewide death registry data. SETTING: California. PARTICIPANTS: The study cohort consisted of 898 infants who died of CCHD at 1 to 364 days ...
Patel Nishant D - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: ABO-incompatible heart transplantation, traditionally contraindicated because of the risk of hyperacute rejection, has been used selectively in recent years. Infants have limited production of isohemagglutinins, which may lower the risk of hyperacute rejection. A large national database was used to analyze the effect of ABO incompatibility on outcomes after ...
Rapose A - - 2008
Bacteria belonging to the genus Listeria have been isolated from food products of animal, plant, and fish origin, and are associated with infections in immunocompromised hosts, pregnant women, and infants. The species Listeria grayi has rarely been reported as a human pathogen. It has a unique antibiotic sensitivity profile. We ...
Lopes Lilian M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Fetal atrioventricular (AV) block is an uncommon lesion with significant mortality. Because of the rarity of this disorder, the natural course, extensive evaluation of untreated fetuses, and late follow-up remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Of the 116 consecutive cases of fetal AV block studied from 1988 to 2006, only ...
Reich J D - - 2008
Routine pulse oximetry has been studied to detect children with otherwise undiagnosed congenital heart disease prior to nursery discharge. The reported sensitivities in asymptomatic patients have been less than expected and vary widely, bringing into question the reliability of the test. The purpose of this study was to assess whether ...
Indic P - - 2008
Several studies have focused attention on cardio-respiratory function as an important indicator of development in infants. In the preterm infant, however, it remains unclear whether respiratory activity already affects heart beat variations at such an early development stage. In this work we investigate the presence of cardio-respiratory coupling in preterm ...
Watanabe Kazuhiro - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We performed a regional volumetric study of the brain using 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging in infants with congenital heart disease to search for variables in anatomic development of the brain that may be associated with functional impairment. METHODS: Forty infants with congenital heart disease-17 infants with single ventricle physiology, ...
Shi ShanShan - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Prolonged mechanical ventilation (PMV) after cardiac surgery in children is associated with a high postoperative morbidity and mortality, as well as increased ICU and hospital resource utilization. Little has been done to identify the predictors of PMV in neonates and young infants. This study was performed to evaluate the ...
Kuschel Carl A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The position of percutaneously inserted central venous catheters (longlines) in neonates is critical, as malpositioned longlines are associated with potentially fatal complications. AIM: To determine if cardiac ultrasound (two-dimensional (2D) and colour Doppler) is useful in evaluating longline position, when compared with the position identified by contrast radiography. SETTING: ...
Stoupel Elyiahu - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Environmental physical activity is known to be associated with many factors of human homeostasis, such as fetal development, birth number, and some genetic abnormalities. This study sought to investigate possible temporal links between the occurrence of congenital heart disease and solar, geomagnetic, and cosmic ray activities. PATIENTS AND METHODS: ...
Brodlie Malcolm M Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Freeman Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2008
The management of neonates born with duct-dependent congenital heart defects in association with prematurity or low birth weight is challenging. We describe two preterm and low birth weight infants with duct-dependent congenital heart disease where cardiac surgery was successfully delayed by maintaining ductal patency using a prolonged prostaglandin infusion. This ...
Hendryx Michael - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to test whether population mortality rates from heart, respiratory and kidney disease were higher as a function of levels of Appalachian coal mining after control for other disease risk factors. METHODS: The study investigated county-level, age-adjusted mortality rates for the years 2000-2004 for ...
Pohl-Schickinger Anja - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the hemodynamic profile and heart rhythm in infants who were given intravenous clonidine infusion after prolonged analgesia/sedation following cardiac surgery. METHODS: This is a single center retrospective review. A total of 542 cardiovascular surgical procedures in infants aged 0-24 months with ...
Baksiene Nijole Dalia - - 2008
This report describes clinical features and tactics of treatment of atrial tachyarrhythmias in infancy. Electrophysiologic study was performed in all 20 infants (2 weeks - 12 months old) in order to determine the mechanism of arrhythmia and to predict the clinical efficacy of management. Reciprocating mechanism was revealed in 12 ...
Johns Martin Christopher - - 2008
Concentrations of amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptides (NT-proBNP) are often markedly elevated immediately after birth and typically decrease to normal concentrations after the first week of life. Despite these early life elevations (which likely reflect activity of the natriuretic peptide system to assist in mobilization of fluid in the neonatal period), ...
Curzon Christopher L - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of operative mortality risk for cardiac surgery in infants with low weight is limited. To determine whether low weight is a risk factor for increased mortality, we reviewed the experience within the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Congenital Heart Surgery Database of infants who have undergone surgical correction ...
Kiani Abdolrazagh - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atrial ejection force (AEF) expresses the force exerted by the left atrium to the mass of blood passing through the mitral valve during atrial systole. It provides a diagnostic and predictive parameter for evaluating left ventricular diastolic abnormalities and a physiologic assessment of atrial systolic function. METHODS: We obtained ...
Kuciene Renata - - 2008
The aim of the article is to review the published scientific literature and epidemiological studies about the effect of selected environmental risk factors on congenital heart defects in infants. According to recent reports, the prevalence of congenital heart defects is around 1% of live births. Congenital heart malformations are the ...
Kaufman Jon - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Splanchnic oximetry, as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), correlates with gastric tonometry as a means of assessing regional (splanchnic) oxygenation and perfusion. DESIGN: Prospective, data-gathering study. SETTING: Pediatric cardiac intensive care unit in a tertiary care children's hospital. SUBJECTS: Neonates and infants with congenital heart disease who underwent catheter ...
Zuppa Antonio Alberto - - 2008
Neonatal lupus syndrome is considered a model of passively acquired autoimmune disease. The first 10 newborns born to mothers with connective tissue disease and positive for anti-SSA/Ro antibodies enrolled in a follow-up program to evaluate the incidence of cardiac, hepatobiliary, hematologic, echoencephalographic, and cutaneous manifestations until 9 months of age ...
Johnson B A - - 2008
Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) commonly undergo initial surgical palliation during the first week of life. Few data exist on optimal preoperative management strategies; therefore, the management of these infants prior to surgery is anecdotal and variable. To more fully define this variability in preoperative care of infants ...
Singh Jasbir K S B - - 2008
AIM: To determine the accuracy of pulse oximetry measurement of heart rate in the neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: Stable preterm infants were monitored with a pulse oximeter and an ECG. The displays of both monitors were captured on video. Heart rate data from both monitors, including measures of signal ...
Chen Chun-An - - 2008
Patients paced for congenital complete atrioventricular block are at risk of dilated cardiomyopathy. We report such an infant in whom the dilated cardiomyopathy resolved after adjusting the ventricular pacing range. The infant received an epicardial pacemaker soon after birth for the congenital complete atrioventricular block. He developed dilated cardiomyopathy 5 ...
Shi Yang - - 2007
Chronic hypoxia increases resistance to myocardial ischemia in infants. Activation of the mitochondrial big conductance Ca(2+) -sensitive K channel (mitoBKCa) has been shown to be protective in adult hearts; however, its role in infant hearts is unknown. Hearts from normoxic or hypoxic infant rabbits were perfused with a mitoKCa opener, ...
Reich J D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The use of routine pulse oximetry to detect neonates with undiagnosed congenital heart disease before nursery discharge has been studied. The reported sensitivities with asymptomatic patients have been less than expected and vary widely, bringing into question the reliability of the test. This study aimed to assess whether routine ...
Abe Chikara - - 2007
There is substantial evidence that low birth weight is associated with the development of cardiovascular disease in adult life. Moreover, resting heart rate is a prognostic factor of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, there are scarce data regarding the association between birth weight and resting heart rate in later life. ...
Westaby Stephen - - 2007
To verify or refute the value of hospital episode statistics (HES) in determining 30 day mortality after open congenital cardiac surgery in infants nationally in comparison with central cardiac audit database (CCAD) information. External review of paediatric cardiac surgical outcomes in England (HES) and all UK units (CCAD), as derived ...
Fleming G A - - 2008
A 3-month-old infant presented in extremis with a flail tricuspid valve. The authors theorized that the genesis of her papillary muscle rupture was perinatal ischemia compounded by worsening pulmonary valvular stenosis leading to excessive fiber tension. Her underlying diagnosis of autoimmune-mediated heart block with endocardial fibroelastosis and prenatal glucocorticoid steroid ...
Benjamin John T - - 2007
Neonates with congenital heart disease (CHD) frequently require prompt intervention to improve outcomes and limit morbidities. We sought to determine the time to identification for infants with serious CHD admitted to the State of Alabama's neonatal cardiovascular center and to identify types of cardiac lesions associated with an earlier vs. ...
Astor T L - - 2007
Domino heart transplantation has been well described in adults, but has not previously been reported in infant patients. We report the successful transplantation of a 'domino' heart from a 3-month-old infant with primary pulmonary hypertension undergoing heart-lung transplantation, into a 3-month-old infant with complex congenital heart disease. Both infants have ...
Chong Curtis R - - 2008
Idiopathic infantile arterial calcification (IIAC) is a rare disorder characterized by extensive calcification of medium and large arteries. We report the case of a 32-week-old infant with hydrops fetalis and heart failure who died at 4 days of age. At autopsy the infant was found to have cardiomegaly, myocardial infarctions ...
Chou Yen-Ting - - 2007
We report a case of dilated cardiomyopathy presented in a premature infant of 27 weeks' gestational age. A prenatal sonography revealed left ventricular enlargement. The infant presented with respiratory distress and heart failure soon after birth. Echocardiograms performed after birth showed dilated cardiomyopathy, and endocardial fibroelastosis was suspected. Heart failure ...
Lappi Hanne - - 2007
The effects of eating on heart rate variability (HRV) differ between adults and newborns. This may reflect the impact of suckling on the overall psychophysiological and autonomic nervous system maturation. The purpose of the present study was to explore whether the reactions of HRV during feeding change towards the adult ...
Minami Kojiro - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that counting heart rate is dispensable and other components of the Apgar score are satisfactory to evaluate the physical condition of infants shortly after birth in routine deliveries. METHODS: The database of the Japanese Red Cross Nagoya First Hospital was reviewed for newborn infants whose ...
Friedman Deborah M - - 2007
Neonatal lupus syndrome is a model of passively acquired autoimmunity in which the pregnant woman's serum contains specific antibodies to 52 or 60 kd SSA/Ro and/or 48 kd SSB/La, which cross the placenta and are associated with the development of congenital heart block in the fetus and/or a transient rash ...
Filippi Luca - - 2007
Congenital atrioventricular block is a rare, but severe occurrence in the newborn can be related to various cardiac malformations or to maternal autoimmune diseases, particularly systemic lupus erythematosus. We report an extremely low-birth-weight infant affected by congenital heart block, due to positive anti-RO/SSA and anti-LA/SSB antibodies of the mother, with ...
Gerosa M - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of congenital heart block (CHB) and electrocardiographic (ECG) abnormalities in infants of anti-Ro/SSA-positive women. METHODS: Sixty anti-Ro-positive and 36 anti-Ro-negative patients were prospectively followed before/during pregnancy and underwent weekly fetal echocardiography from 18th to 26th weeks of gestational age. Infants' ECG and/or ECG-Holter were performed ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin - - 2007
Despite being one of the most common congenital cardiac abnormalities, the treatment of critical left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOTO) in the neonate and infant remains a significant challenge. Critical LVOTO in the neonate and infant includes continuous and diverse spectrum of anatomic diagnoses ranging from hypoplastic left heart complex ...
Akar Joseph G - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The radiofrequency MAZE is becoming a common adjunct to cardiac surgery in patients with atrial fibrillation. While a variety of postoperative arrhythmias have been described following the original Cox-MAZE III procedure, the electrophysiological characteristics and surgical substrate of post-radiofrequency MAZE flutter have not been correlated. We sought to determine ...
Escamilla S A - - 2007
This report presents the case of an infant who was born with transient complete heart block. The cardiac rhythm converted to normal sinus rhythm within 12 hours of life. Following the diagnosis in this infant of congenital heart block, both the mother and the infant were tested for autoantibodies. Both ...
Motta M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of electrocardiographic and laboratory abnormalities in neonates born from mothers with connective tissue disease and positive for anti-SSA/Ro antibodies. STUDY DESIGN: Electrocardiogram, blood cell counts, liver and renal function tests prospectively obtained from 51 infants born from anti-SSA/Ro-positive mothers with connective tissue disease were compared ...
Shillingford Amanda J - - 2007
Microcephaly is a marker of abnormal fetal cerebral development, and a known risk factor for cognitive dysfunction. Patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome have been found to have an increased incidence of abnormal neurodevelopmental outcomes. We hypothesized that reduced cerebral blood flow from the diminutive ascending aorta and transverse aortic ...
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