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Shinkawa Takeshi - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although good intermediate-term results for the Ross procedure in adults and older children have been reported, only short-term outcomes of this procedure in neonates and infants have been published. The objective of this study was to review our intermediate-term results of the Ross procedure for neonates and infants. METHODS: ...
Kumar R - - 2010
To evaluate utility of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the early diagnosis of neonatal sepsis in a tertiary care Newborn Unit in Kenya. Cross-sectional study. Newborn Unit, Kenyatta National Hospital. All neonates admitted to Newborn Unit, Kenyatta National Hospital during the study period with suspected sepsis based on specified clinical criteria. ...
Tautz J - - 2010
In newborns congenital heart defects can take an asymptomatic course, causing a diagnostic gap in the routine examination. Therefore pulsoxymetric screening is under discussion, as it could close this diagnostic gap. Non-invasive postductal peripheral oxygen saturation assessment was carried out in 3 364 term neonates, 6-36 h of age, in ...
Domsch Holger - - 2010
Six-month-olds (N=60) were tested in a habituation/dishabituation paradigm during which their heart rate was recorded. In the attention getter condition a salient stimulus appeared prior to each trial. In the no attention getter condition a blank slide appeared. It was hypothesized that the attention getter would lead to a heart ...
Kim Hye-Jin - - 2010
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has an important role during congenital heart surgery. TEE in small infants is associated with complications, including an inability to pass the TEE probe, esophageal trauma, airway compression, aortic compression, and interference with ventilation. Recently, a monoplane intravascular ultrasound catheter (IVUC) has been developed for intracardiac echocardiography. ...
Almond Christopher S - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The purported advantage of ABO-incompatible (ABO-I) listing is to reduce wait times and wait-list mortality among infants awaiting heart transplantation. We sought to describe recent trends in ABO-I listing for US infants and to determine the impact of ABO-I listing on wait times and wait-list mortality. METHODS AND RESULTS: ...
Torowicz Deborah - - 2010
This study aimed to identify and compare differences in temperament and maternal stress between infants with complex congenital heart disease and healthy controls at 3 months of age. Study sample was drawn from an existing longitudinal study examining growth in infants with congenital heart disease when compared with healthy controls. ...
Flower Abigail A AA Structural, Computational Biology and Biophysics Program, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, - - 2010
The pacemaking system of the heart is complex; a healthy heart constantly integrates and responds to extracardiac signals, resulting in highly complex heart rate patterns with a great deal of variability. In the laboratory and in some pathological or age-related states, however, dynamics can show reduced complexity that is more ...
Williams Richard V - - 2010
Although congenital heart disease is associated with low birth weight and prematurity, there is little information about these birth outcomes in infants with single ventricle physiology. We describe the birth outcomes (i.e., gestational age and birth weight) in neonates with single ventricle physiology screened for enrollment in the Pediatric Heart ...
Hoskoppal Arvind - - 2010
The neurodevelopmental outcome of children with repaired congenital heart defect has risen in importance with improved survival. This study compares neurodevelopmental outcomes of children who had CHD with single ventricle physiology with those who had CHD with two-ventricle physiology. Participants included 112 infants discharged from the NICU between February 1999 ...
Oliveira Marcela S - - 2011
Despite advances in pediatric cardiac surgery, perioperative myocardial injury can be the major determinant of postoperative dysfunction after cardiac surgery. This study investigated the pathology-related differences in 29 infants with congenital heart disease that led to death. The infants were treated at the University Hospital of Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. The ...
Dilber Embiya - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to report the efficacy of intravenous amiodarone alone or in combination with digoxin in neonates and small infants with life-threatening supraventricular tachyarrhythmia (SVT). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 9 neonates and small infants with life-threatening or resistant SVT who were treated with intravenous amiodarone ...
Stene-Larsen K - - 2010
AIM: Advances in medical treatment in recent years have led to dramatically improved survival rates of children with severe congenital heart defects (CHD). However, very little is known about the psychological consequences for these children, particularly during and after the early period of invasive treatment. In this study, we investigated ...
Potts Michael - - 2010
The donation of organs after cardiac death in infants is not morally justified and should not be continued.
Godfrey Max - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The incidence of congenital heart defects, reported to be 5-8/1000 in term infants, is not well established in very low birth weight infants. OBJECTIVES: To establish the incidence of congenital heart defects in VLBW infants in the neonatal intensive care unit of our institution. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of ...
Mänhardt L B - - 2010
Background. Brain natriuretic peptide and its inactive fragment N-terminal pro-BNP (N-BNP) are reliable markers of ventricular dysfunction in adults and children. We analyzed the impact of nutritional state on N-BNP levels in infants with failure to thrive (FTT) and in infants with severe heart failure (HF). The purpose of this ...
DeCampli William M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Studies demonstrate that cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) causes intraoperative and postoperative hyperglycemia. Hyperglycemia has been associated with morbidity and mortality after infant cardiac surgery. We studied the effects on early postoperative outcomes of glucose (GLU) changes during and after pediatric cardiac surgery. METHODS: The records of 144 infants less than ...
Lee Shu-Ting - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Despite valvular regurgitation being a common finding in children, its prevalence in infants is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the presence and severity of valvular regurgitation in normal infants using echocardiographic screening. METHODS: Two-dimensional (2D) color Doppler echocardiography was performed on 420 consecutive infants (aged ...
Ades Anne M - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Low weight at birth is a risk factor for increased mortality in infants undergoing surgery for congenitally malformed hearts. There has been a trend towards performing surgery in patients early, and for amenable lesions, in a single stage rather than following initial palliative procedures. Our goal was to report ...
Chung Mi Lim - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common developmental malformation and the leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. The introduction of fetal echocardiography has made prenatal diagnosis of CHD possible. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to investigate the impact of fetal echocardiography on the changing disease patterns and ...
Knirsch Walter - - 2010
The aim of this prospective study was to examine the determinants of growth failure and the association with neurodevelopmental outcome in infants undergoing open-heart surgery. In 107 infants undergoing open-heart surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD), we evaluated weight at birth, at surgery, and at one year of age (expressed ...
McCusker C G - - 2010
Abstract Background Congenital heart disease can have a negative impact on both infant development and maternal adjustment. This study considered the impact of a new programme of early psychosocial interventions on such outcomes, following the birth of a child with severe congenital heart disease. Methods Seventy infants and their mothers ...
Rao S Narasimha - - 2010
Thiamine deficiency leads to various manifestations due to dysfunction of nervous or cardiovascular system, commonly known as dry and wet beriberi, respectively. The latter, also known as cardiac beriberi is usually missed in clinical practice because of the absence of classically described symptoms such as pedal edema/anasarca. We investigated 55 ...
Krueger Charlene - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to longitudinally describe changes in heart rate variability (HRV) from 28 to 34 weeks postmenstrual age (PMA). A convenience sample of 31 low-risk preterm infants participated. HRV was quantified using a spectral analysis of heart periods and recorded during seven weekly test sessions from ...
Plumpton Kevin R - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate associations between thyroid hormone and cortisol concentrations after cardiac surgery and postoperative intensive care course. METHODS: Prospective observational study of 52 infants <3 months of age following congenital heart surgery. RESULTS: Infants with low tri-iodothyronine (< or =3.7 pmol/l) or high cortisol concentration on postoperative admission to ...
Kitamura Tomohiro - - 2010
Ghrelin has effects on appetite and growth. Recent reports suggest effects on cardiac function, but no study has evaluated the ghrelin levels of congenital heart disease (CHD) infants with heart failure. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate the relationship between ghrelin level and growth and cardiac ...
Lechner Evelyn - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Because of their poor clinical status, infants may require surgery for congenital heart disease regardless of weight or prematurity. This retrospective review describes a single-centre experience with open-heart surgery in low-weight infants. METHODS: From November 1997 to December 2006, 411 open-heart surgery procedures were performed in neonates. This included ...
Liang Chi-Di - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Balloon angioplasty (BA) is an alternative to surgical repair for coarctation of the aorta (CoA) in children. However, its role in the treatment of native CoA in neonates and infants remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to report the midterm outcomes of BA for native CoA in ...
Friedman Brad A - - 2009
Patients with respiratory and/or cardiac failure occasionally require the use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), which presents an obstacle for standard imaging modalities. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) can be used in patients with congenital heart disease, usually to define extra-cardiac anatomy in the chest. We describe the use of CTA ...
Chiu Shuenn-Nan - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The role of radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in infants and toddlers is still unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: From 1993 to 2006, 27 (17 males, 10 females) of 210 patients underwent RFCA at an age less than 6 years. Indications included drug-refractory SVT or tachycardia-induced cardiomyopathy. ...
Mahle William T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this statement is to address the state of evidence on the routine use of pulse oximetry in newborns to detect critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). METHODS AND RESULTS: A writing group appointed by the American Heart Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics reviewed the available ...
Mahle William T - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this statement is to address the state of evidence on the routine use of pulse oximetry in newborns to detect critical congenital heart disease (CCHD). METHODS AND RESULTS: A writing group appointed by the American Heart Association and the American Academy of Pediatrics reviewed the available ...
Berkley Eliza M F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Congenital heart disease (CHD) remains a significant cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. This study evaluates the success of fetal echocardiography (FECHO) in guiding delivery management in pregnancies complicated by CHD. METHODS: Cases with CHD diagnosed by prenatal FECHO performed at a single institution from January 2000 to June ...
da Rocha Taís Sica - - 2009
There are few Brazilian studies on neuropsychomotor follow-up after open-heart surgery with circulatory bypass in infants. Twenty infants had neurodevelopmental outcomes (neurological exam and Denver II test) assessed before open-heart surgery, after intensive care unit discharge and 3-6 months after hospital discharge. Heart lesions consisted of septal defects in 11 ...
Zaki Syed Ahmed - - 2009
Sildenafil is used in infants and children mainly for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension associated with congenital heart disease. Some side-effects of sildenafil are similar to the symptoms and signs of congestive heart failure in children. We present a case of a two-month-old infant with supracardiac total anomalous venous connection ...
Yang Xue-yong - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The incidence of congenital heart disease has been studied in developed countries for many years, but rarely in the mainland of China. Fetal echocardiographic screening for congenital heart disease was first performed in Beijing in the early 2000s, but the impact was not clear. The current study was undertaken ...
Kirchner Lieselotte - - 2009
PURPOSE: This study investigates the impact of the length of the examination, the insertion of eyelid specula, and the indentation of the globe on the pain and stress sensation of premature infants. METHODS: Ninety-two premature infants in three neonatal wards were included. In two wards, the patients were examined using ...
Friedberg Mark K - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To define current frequency of prenatal detection of congenital heart disease (CHD), factors affecting prenatal detection, and its influence on postnatal course. STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively identified all fetuses and infants < or =6 months of age with major CHD at 3 referral centers in Northern California over 1 ...
Cerbo Rosa Maria - - 2009
In this report, the cases of two newborn infants with cerebral arteriovenous shunts and heart failure in utero are presented. Different from the malformations of the vein of Galen, which usually generate a progressive and lethal heart failure after birth, our cases show heart failure resolution after birth, together with ...
Cohen M - - 2009
AIM: This study tested the hypothesis that, within a few hours of delivery, cardiorespiratory measure taken during feeding provides markers of group differences related to birth weight. A secondary hypothesis was that high-frequency heart period variability would be related to underlying differences in autonomic control associated with birth weight. METHODS ...
McCain Gail C - - 2010
Preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) have cardiorespiratory compromise that prolongs the transition time from gavage to nipple feeding. Heart rate variability (HRV) provides an indirect measure of the autonomic nervous system's influence on heart rate and cardiorespiratory stability. The purpose of this case study was to describe HRV responses ...
Ben Saad Moez - - 2009
BACKGROUND: There are only a few reports on the diagnostic accuracy, and the technical and clinical feasibility, of multidetector CT (MDCT) in infants with congenital heart disease (CHD). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the image quality and radiation dose of DSCT in babies with CHD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From November 2006 to ...
Majnemer Annette - - 2009
This article provides an overview of a longitudinal study on a cohort of 131 newborns and young infants with congenital heart defects who required open heart surgery. The rationale for the study design is provided as well as a summary of the procedures used to evaluate these children prior to ...
Sivarajan Venkatesan - - 2009
AIM: Antenatal diagnosis of severe congenital heart disease enables planning of perinatal care of affected infants. Congenital heart surgery is highly centralised in Australia, and surgery for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) currently takes place at a single institution, in order to ensure case volume. The study aims to review ...
Diego Miguel A MA Touch Research Institute, Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL 33101, USA. - - 2009
Heart rate (HR) responses to the removal of a monitoring lead were assessed in 56 preterm infants who received moderate pressure, light pressure or no massage therapy. The infants who received moderate pressure massage therapy exhibited lower increases in HR suggesting an attenuated pain response. The heart rate of infants ...
Kim H S - - 2009
Sevoflurane prolongs the QT interval (QTI). Patients with congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) often have a prolonged QTI. This study was to investigate the effects of sevoflurane on the QTI in SNHL and control children. Thirty patients with SNHL and 30 controls were studied. The corrected QT interval (QTc), interval ...
Ykeda Daisy Satomi - - 2009
To investigate hypoxia and sleep disordered breathing in infants with congenital heart disease. Prospective study. In-hospital full polysomnography was performed on 14 infants with congenital heart disease, age 7 +/-1 months, and in 7 normal infants, age 10 +/-2 months. Congenital heart disease infants were classified as acyanotic (n=7) or ...
Bondy Carolyn A - - 2009
Fetuses with prenatal diagnoses of 45,X Turner syndrome (TS) and abnormal fetal ultrasounds have poor prognoses for survival, but with modern medical management, those that do survive to birth may have good clinical outcomes. Fetuses with incidental diagnoses of mosaicism for 45,X associated with normal ultrasounds have a high survival ...
Yan Yan Y Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida, - - 2009
In this paper, experimental result using a 5.8 GHz Doppler radar to monitor the variations of vital signs of an infant simulator under different medical conditions is presented. The infant simulator can mimic cardiovascular derangements seen in critically ill infants. The result demonstrates the system is capable of tracking a ...
Abdel-Rahman Yumna Y School of Biomedical Engineering, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada. - - 2009
Technological advances have caused a decrease in the number of infant deaths. Pre-term infants now have a substantially increased chance of survival. One of the mechanisms that is vital to saving the lives of these infants is continuous monitoring and early diagnosis. With continuous monitoring huge amounts of data are ...
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