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Results 451 - 500 of 807
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Morello M - - 1994
Extrathoracic ectopia cordis is a challenging congenital anomaly: surgical repair is generally unsuccessful because of the magnitude of the deformity and the associated intracardiac anomalies. Our clinical case had additional surgical risk for prematurity. Immediately after birth the mediastinal space was surgically enlarged and the naked heart covered with a ...
Levine O R - - 1994
This study describes the relation of cardiac repolarization (QT interval) to a changing heart rate (RR interval) in healthy infants, utilizing abbreviated electrocardiographic (ECG) recordings. A total of 105 limb lead ECG recordings were made in 53 infants of postconceptional age 30 to 52 weeks over a 5- to 15-minute ...
Barker D P - - 1994
Preterm infants undergoing heel blood sampling were randomly allocated to specimen collection by heel puncture (Autolet II Clinisafe) or incision (Tenderfoot 'preemie'). A total of 187 procedures was observed in 47 infants. No significant difference was found in the infants' behavioural response, increase in heart rate, or in the frequency ...
Burton D A - - 1994
Many structural congenital heart defects present at birth, and most are diagnosed by 1 year of age. Arrhythmias also are common during this time and may be particularly problematic. Identification of infants who may have a serious underlying congenital heart defect is important because many require prompt medical and surgical ...
Burrus D R - - 1994
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to evaluate the validity of intrapartum fetal heart rate tracings in predicting short- and long-term outcomes of infants delivered between 24 and 26 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: Fetal heart rate tracings obtained during the last hour before delivery of fetuses delivered at 24 to 26 weeks' gestation ...
Jenkins R E - - 1994
We present a case of neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) in a black infant presenting with symmetrical depigmented macules on the face resembling vitiligo. NLE is a rare condition affecting newborn infants of mothers who have connective tissue disease, with or without autoantibodies to extractable nuclear antigens Ro (SS-A), La (SS-B) ...
Au A R - - 1994
Remounting removable partial dentures in the laboratory after deflasking and before clinical placement has several advantages. This modified investment procedure makes it easy to remount partial dentures after processing. Preliminary adjustments of laboratory errors and inaccuracies caused by dimensional changes in heart processing of acrylic resin may be made before ...
Abu-Harb M - - 1994
This study was undertaken to identify all congenital heart disease in infancy, including deaths before diagnosis, to provide a truer picture of the spectrum of congenital heart disease and to assess the 'treatability' of those dying before diagnosis. All births, infant deaths, and surviving babies with congenital heart disease in ...
Donnerstein R L - - 1994
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a common cause of respiratory infections in children, has only rarely been associated with acquired heart disease. We reviewed hospital charts, rhythm strips, and electrocardiograms of 8 infants with abnormal supraventricular tachycardia (SVT), > 250 beats/min, associated with acute RSV infections. Cultures of nasopharyngeal specimens from ...
Wells G L - - 1994
Medical records of 118 newborn infants with Down's syndrome were reviewed to document the types of congenital heart disease (CHD) in those having echocardiography. Of 102 infants having echocardiography, 49 (48%) had heart defects; 47 of these had trisomy 21 and 2 had unbalanced translocation karyotypes. Of the 53 (52%) ...
Prietsch V - - 1994
A method for continuous monitoring and recording of neonatal heart rate variability (HRV) and further physiological parameters in the intensive care unit is presented: 16 neonatal monitors were connected via two input/output processor boards to a personal computer. Patient data were processed by special software. Every day a 24-h record ...
Van Ravenswaaij-Arts C - - 1994
The influence of maturation, sleep state and respiration on heart rate variability was studied in 16 spontaneously breathing preterm infants (< 33 weeks). ECG, respiratory impedance curve and movements were recorded four times a day, during the first three days of life. The power content of selected frequency bands of ...
Richards J E - - 1994
Three groups of preterm infants were studied longitudinally at 14, 20, and 26 weeks of age (corrected for gestational age). The groups included infants with no perinatal medical complications, those with mild respiratory problems requiring ventilatory assistance, and those with respiratory distress syndrome. Baseline heart rate and respiratory sinus arrhythmia ...
Gillum R F - - 1994
Data from the National Center for Health Statistics were examined to aid in assessing the burden of congenital heart disease in the United States. In 1979 through 1988 combined, 46,450 deaths were attributed to CHD, 26,319 occurring in the first year of life. Another 14,283 deaths were attributed to other ...
Watson R M - - 1994
Autoantibody, HLA studies and C4 phenotypes were performed on twins discordant for isolated congenital heart block. Serum from the mother and cord blood from the infants revealed Ro(SSA) and La(SSB) antibodies in all three sera. No significant difference in Ro(SSA) antibody titre was noted in the cord blood of either ...
Abe H - - 1994
We report a patient with atrioventricular (AV) nodal reentry in which a 2:1 infra-His conduction block was demonstrated during tachycardia. The electrocardiogram (ECG) at the time of attack showed two types of supraventricular tachycardias. The first type was a narrow QRS tachycardia associated with 1:1 AV conduction at a rate ...
Woo K - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Infants awaiting heart transplantation for congenital heart disease frequently require prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) infusion for prolonged periods. As a result, complications of prolonged PGE1 infusion, such as cortical hyperostosis, are being encountered more commonly. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and severity of cortical hyperostosis in newborns requiring prolonged PGE1 ...
Albar H - - 1994
This study was undertaken to evaluate the relationship between elevated maternal serum alpha fetoprotein (MSAFP) levels and congenital heart defects. Thirty-two infants with isolated major congenital heart defects and whose mothers had had MSAFP screening were identified. In only one case was the MSAFP greater than 2.3 multiples of the ...
Dörner T - - 1994
The aim of the study was to determine if autoantibodies have distinctive qualitative or quantitative characteristics in children with congenital heart rhythm disorders compared to unaffected infants. Sera of fifty-three infants with different heart rhythm disorders and eight unaffected children born to SLE mothers were tested for antibodies to Ro(SS-A), ...
Fahmi F - - 1994
We present an infant with true trisomy 22. Mosaicism is ruled out by the finding of a 47,XX, +22 karyotype in all cells analysed originating from two embryonic germ layers. The physical findings are consistent with the previously noted features including developmental delay, ear abnormalities, micrognathia, clefting, and congenital heart ...
Dalinghaus, Michiel
Congenital cyanotic heart disease is the most important cause of chronic hypoxemia in infancy and childhood. Because early corrective surgery is not feasible in the majority of cases, most of the affected infants have to adjust to hypoxemia. Although studies in these infants and children have contributed considerably to our ...
Neill C A - - 1994
The chronicle of tetralogy of Fallot is part of a dramatic evolution in cardiology, cardiac surgery, and understanding of the developing heart. Many new tools and concepts have evolved since Steno of Denmark first described the defect in 1673, and since Fallot of Marseilles coined the term tetralogy in 1888. ...
Barton J S - - 1994
Growth failure is a well recognised consequence of severe congenital heart disease. Total daily energy expenditure (TDEE) was investigated in eight infants with severe congenital heart disease to determine whether an increase in this parameter is an important factor in their failure to thrive, and to estimate the energy intake ...
Mecrow I K - - 1994
Twelve infants with structurally normal hearts were demonstrated to have intracardiac vegetations on echocardiography and diagnosed as having infective endocarditis. All were found in the right side of the heart, most frequently at the junction of the superior vena cava and the right atrium and in no case involved the ...
Goudsouzian N G - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The newly developed neuromuscular blocking agent, mivacurium, has been evaluated in adults and children, but there are no data on its effects in infants. This study was designed to evaluate the neuromuscular effects of mivacurium by dose-response analysis, and its cardiovascular effects in 90 infants 2-11 months of age ...
Buchanan L V - - 1993
Class III agents have been associated with development of a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (PVT) known as torsades de pointes. We compared the class III agent ibutilide, which prolongs repolarization through enhancement of an inward sodium current, with the potassium channel blockers E-4031, UK-68,798, clofilium, and D-sotalol for proarrhythmic effects in ...
Vobecky S J - - 1993
The trend to perform early primary repair of tetralogy of Fallot prompted us to review our experience in the current era with the traditional protocol consisting of palliation during infancy, if required, and repair after infancy. During a 10-year period, 270 infants with tetralogy of Fallot presented aged less than ...
Alpay F - - 1993
Twenty-four hour ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring is a useful method to document dysrhythmias and to assess treatment response. Various studies have been done in the pediatric age-group to determine normal heart rate values. In this study we determined the heart rate and rhythm patterns of 25 healthy newborn infants whose ages ...
Julkunen H - - 1993
OBJECTIVE: To determine the 1-year outcome of infants with isolated congenital heart block, the risk of fetal loss in mothers of affected infants, and the risk of recurrence of congenital heart block. METHODS: The outcomes of 34 infants with isolated congenital heart block and of the 109 pregnancies in the ...
Schechtman V L - - 1993
Summary measures of heart rate variation describe those aspects of heart rate change that can be averaged over relatively long periods of time. We examined the postnatal maturation of a dynamic feature of cardiac rate--the dependency of each beat-to-beat change in cardiac interbeat interval on the previous beat-to-beat change. In ...
Petelez T - - 1993
Neurovegative control of circulatory system in essential orthostatic hypotony (EOH) is not well recognized. Therefore, in group of 9 patients (pts) with EOH treated with midodrine (Gutron, Gu) 5 mg i.v. we performed a study of sympathovagal balance, based on heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. From computer-assisted tachograms we calculated ...
Smith J B - - 1993
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is a common congenital heart defect that is universally fatal without surgical intervention. Two distinctly different surgical options, heart transplantation and reconstruction surgery, have been successful in treating infants with HLHS. This article reviews the anatomy and pathophysiology of HLHS. Preoperative care of infants with ...
Dutertre J P - - 1993
We studied the inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) in eight infants with congestive heart failure (CHF) poorly controlled with digoxin and diuretics, treated orally with 0.25 mg kg-1 enalapril maleate once a day. Baseline ACE activities were compared between these infants and control children without CHF or ACE inhibitor. ...
McCarthy R E - - 1993
Two neonates required deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest to provide a central control of blood loss for the resection of giant cavernous hemangiomas. Both infants were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass, cooled to 16 degrees, and exsanguinated before resection of these peripheral lesions. The surgery was done as a lifesaving measure ...
Maygarden S J - - 1993
BACKGROUND: Nineteen patients with Ewing sarcoma of bone, each younger than 3 years of age at the time of initial presentation, are reported. These children represent an unusually young age group for documented Ewing sarcoma and represent 2.6% of all patients registered in the Intergroup Ewing's Sarcoma Study (IESS). METHODS: ...
Eiselt M - - 1993
To investigate the influence of prematurity and postnatal age on the maturation of the autonomic nervous system function, we analysed heart-rate and heart-rate variability in twelve prematurely born infants (< 37 weeks gestational age) reaching the conceptional age of 37-41 weeks. These neonates were compared with sixteen 37-41 week conceptional ...
McConnell M E - - 1993
Newborns with intracranial arteriovenous malformations and congestive heart failure have an extremely poor prognosis. This report describes two infants with intracranial arteriovenous malformations and severe congestive heart failure successfully treated in the newborn period with endovascular embolization. Both infants had immediate improvement in symptoms and both had second embolization procedures ...
Chen F P - - 1993
We report on an infant with rhabdomyoma diagnosed prenatally by echocardiography which revealed specific patterns of intracardiac tumors. The mother had been previously diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis. Since birth, the infant's intracardiac tumor has regressed and he has shown good growth and development without surgery in more than one year ...
Puhakka K - - 1993
We have measured oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production by indirect calorimetry in 25 infants and children immediately before and after surgical correction of congenital cardiac malformations. Surgical correction of the cardiac defect caused a decrease in oxygen consumption towards normal. Greatly increased oxygen consumption values were observed before surgery ...
Goble M M - - 1993
The neonatal lupus syndrome consists of transient cutaneous lupus lesions or permanent congenital complete heart block (or hepatic fibrosis), or both, in infants born to mothers with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The frequency of conduction abnormalities was examined in 86 offspring of 53 women affected by SLE. Electrocardiograms from the ...
Lee Y A - - 1992
A total of 209 consecutive neonate and infant autopsies were reviewed with special attention to papillary muscle necrosis (PMN) of the heart. Associated major pathological findings were analysed for the evaluation of significant pathological accompaniments of PMN. PMN was found in 52 cases among 171(30.4%) neonates and major pathological accompaniments ...
Sharma S - - 1992
Between January 1988 and August 1991, at The Children's Heart Center, Atlanta, 83 infants with congenital heart defects were diagnosed by echocardiography and underwent surgery without cardiac catheterization. The diagnostic categories included 46 infants with left heart obstructive lesions, 19 infants with cyanotic heart lesions, and 18 infants with miscellaneous ...
Sunaga Y - - 1992
To evaluate the effect of chronic hypoxemia on brainstem maturation, auditory brainstem responses were examined in 70 children (32 with and 38 without cyanosis) who had congenital heart disease. Ninety-one age-matched normal children served as controls. At 1-3 months of age, the I-V interpeak latencies of cyanotic infants (mean +/- ...
Tekkök I H - - 1992
The data on 130 children with brain abscesses treated over 21 years (1970-1990) were analyzed retrospectively. The whole group included four infants. Chronic ear infection and cyanotic congenital heart disease were the most common predisposing factors. In infants, meningitis and/or ventriculitis were dominant in the etiopathogenesis. Cases were evaluated according ...
Kalush F - - 1992
Neonatal lupus erythematosus (NLE) syndrome is a result of the transfer of autoantibodies produced by the mother, across the placenta, to the fetus. NLE is characterized by a transient dermatitis, a variety of systemic and hematological abnormalities, and isolated cases of congenital heart block. The latter has been reported to ...
Vobecky J S - - 1992
Because of the high operative mortality in newborn infants with critical aortic stenosis, new therapeutic modalities have emerged. The authors reviewed their results of surgery for this condition in newborn infants between January 1964 and December 1990. Thirty-seven infants were operated on for critical aortic stenosis, which was diagnosed at ...
Menahem S - - 1992
Fifty infants with interrupted aortic arch (IAA), admitted between 1979 and 1988, were reviewed. They usually presented early in severe cardiac failure or shock. In the initial 5-year period, 17 of the 21 infants underwent diagnostic or confirmatory cardiac catheterization, in contrast with the latter 5 years when only eight ...
Weintraub R - - 1992
TEE applications for children and infants with congenital heart disease are now clinically established and TEE is being used in most major pediatric cardiovascular centers. This technology has evolved to the point that it is capable of providing diagnostic quality imaging, even for small infants. With expanding technology and increasing ...
Crawford F A FA - - 1992
Surgery for cardiac dysrhythmias is infrequently reported in infants and children as compared with adults. This report reviews 55 infants and small children (age, less than or equal to 5 years) operated on during the interval July 1, 1984 to December 31, 1991 for Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome (41), atrioventricular node reentry ...
Nakajima K - - 1992
High-resolution three-headed single photon emission computed tomography (SPET) equipped with fan-beam collimators was applied to myocardial perfusion imaging in infants aged from 1 to 11 months (n = 5). A tabletop designed specifically for infants was fixed on the SPET couch to reduce the radius of camera rotation to 13.2 ...
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