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Becker Genevieve E GE Unit for Health Services Research and International Health, WHO Collaborating Centre for Maternal and Child Health, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Via dell'Istria 65/1, Trieste, Italy, - - 2014
Widespread recommendations from health organisations encourage exclusive breastfeeding for six months. However, the addition of other fluids or foods before six months is common in many countries and communities. This practice suggests perceived benefits of early supplementation or lack of awareness of the possible risks. To assess the benefits and ...
Uzelli Derya D Katip Çelebi University, School of Nursing, İzmir, - - 2014
The purpose was to assess the effectiveness of 5% oral glucose solution in reducing pain in preterm infants during intramuscular injection. We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled, unblinded trial to investigate the effect of glucose solution on the pain of intramuscular injection in preterm infants (N = 80). Infants who ...
Mola-Schenzle E E Division of Neonatology, Dr von Hauner Children's Hospital and Perinatal Center, Ludwig Maximilian University Munich-Grosshadern, Munich, - - 2014
In previous cases, we have observed occasional hypoglycaemic episodes in preterm infants after initial intensive care. In this prospective study, we determined the frequency and severity of abnormal tissue glucose (TG) in clinically stable preterm infants on full enteral nutrition. Preterm infants born at <1000 g (n=23; G1) and birth weight ...
Goelz Rangmar R Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, - - 2014
Infantile haemangioma (IH) are vascular tumours with a unique growth dynamic, mostly absent at birth, growth in the first months followed by involution over several years, often resulting in residual skin changes. Immune-histologically, IH cells are exclusively glucose transporter protein-1 positive.The incidence of IH is increasing with decreasing gestational age, ...
Ozturk M A MA Erciyes University Medical Faculty, Department of Neonatology, Kayseri, - - 2014
Sirenomelia or the Mermaid syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly with an incidence of one in 60,000 to 70,000 pregnancies. Sirenomelia is characterized by complete fusion of the lower limbs, commonly associated with renal agenesis, absent external genitalia and other gastrointestinal defects. A 37-week, 3040-g infant was born to a ...
Zhou Wei W Pediatrics of Central Hospital , Fengxian District, Shanghai , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To assess the incidence and risk factors of hypoglycemia in hospitalized neonates in China. Methods: Blood glucose level in hospitalized neonates was monitored routinely. Also, in high-risk newborns and neonates with abnormal blood glucose levels in initial detection, the blood sugar level was monitored daily until it was ...
Begum-Hasan Jahanara J Department of Pediatrics, Carilion Clinic Children's Hospital, and Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, - - 2014
Massive intraventricular hemorrhage associated with hypoglycemia has rarely been reported. We present a late preterm baby girl with severe hypoglycemia after birth. Despite high glucose infusion rates, her glucose levels remained in the 30s to 50s (mg/dL) during the first week of life with a brief period of normoglycemia. On ...
Vincenzetti Silvia S a School of Biosciences and Veterinary Medicine , University of Camerino, via Gentile III da Varano , Camerino , - - 2014
Nucleotides play a crucial role to cellular functions; they can be obtained from the diet or through the nucleotide salvage pathway, however, in particular situations (occurring mainly in newborns) the metabolic demand of nucleotides exceeds the capacity of their synthesis. These molecules, are receiving attention from a nutraceutical point of ...
Barberini Luigi L Department of Public Health Clinical and Molecular Medicine, University of Cagliari , Cagliari , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Objective: Metabolomics is a new "omics" platform aimed at high-throughput identification, quantification and characterization of small-molecule metabolites. The metabolomics approach has been successfully applied to the classification different physiological states and identification of perturbed biochemical pathways. The purpose of the current investigation is the application of metabolomics to explore ...
Ferlin Maria Lúcia Silveira ML Department of Pediatrics, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP), Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, - - 2014
Central diabetes insipidus (CDI) is a rare cause of hypernatremia during the neonatal period. The diagnosis is particularly difficult in very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns. We report on a preterm newborn who presented CDI soon after birth. On the third day of life, signs of dehydration were present despite ...
Pertierra-Cortada Africa A Neonatology Unit, Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, Barcelona, - - 2014
To determine if very preterm (VPT) babies are capable of maintaining glucose levels within normal ranges at or near term postmenstrual age. Glucose levels were intermittently or continuously monitored during 48 hours in a cohort of 60 VPT infants near hospital discharge. Hypoglycemic (≤45 mg/dL, 2.5 mmol/L) and hyperglycemic (≥140 mg/dL or 7.8 mmol/L, severe ...
Sa Andrea Zacche AZ Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Pediatrics, Rua dos Coelhos, Boa Vista, Recife, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To compare facial responses to basic tastes among newborns of women with and without gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Methods: Two-hundred and one healthy newborns, 100 from GDM women were studied at the Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira (IMIP), Brazil. Basic tastes were evaluated through administration of ...
Moles Laura L *Dpto. Nutrición, Bromatología y Tecnología de los Alimentos. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain †Probisearch, Tres Cantos, Spain ‡Dpto. de Bioactividad y Análisis de Alimentos. Instituto de Investigación en Ciencias de la Alimentación (CIAL), Madrid, Spain §Servicio de Neonatología. Hospital Universitario La Paz, Madrid, - - 2014
The objective of this work was to elucidate the influence of extremely premature birth (gestational age: 24-27 weeks) on the microbiological, biochemical and immunological composition of colostrum and mature milk. A total of 17colostrum and 34 mature milk samples were provided by the 22 mothers of extremely preterms that participated ...
van den Akker Chris H P CH *Pediatrics - Neonatology, Erasmus MC - Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands †Pediatrics, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands ‡Pediatrics, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the - - 2014
During previous decades, several reports have investigated amino acid administration in premature infants during the early postnatal phase. However, most of these previous studies have only evaluated short-term in-hospital outcomes. Our aim was to describe the long-term outcome in premature infants previously subjected to different nutritional regimens in a randomized ...
Jonas D D Department of Pediatrics, Academic Teaching Hospital, Landeskrankenhaus Feldkirch, - - 2014
Infants of diabetic mothers (IDM), large (LGA) or small (SGA) for gestational age and late preterm (LPT) infants are at risk for hypoglycemia. We report the incidence, the consequences and the impact of a recently implemented guideline. From 1 January to 31 December 2012 we screened infants at risk. The ...
Bandika Victor L VL Department of Paediatric, Coast Provincial Hospital, Mombasa, - - 2014
Large for gestational age (LGA) accounts for about 6.3% of admissions in kenyatta national hospital, newborn unit. As a policy all IGA's, defined by birth weight of 4000g and above are admitted for 24hours to monitor blood glucose levels. The rational for this policy is questionable and contributes to unnecessary ...
Ikeda N N 1Department of Pediatrics,Juntendo University Faculty of - - 2014
Evidence suggests that breastfeeding during infancy lowers the risk of metabolic syndrome (MS) and its attendant risk factors in adult life. To investigate the influence of feeding type on the risk factors of MS, we assessed insulin sensitivity and lipid and apolipoprotein metabolism in preterm infants. Blood samples were collected ...
Forsberg Lisa L Department of Pediatrics, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Clinical Science, Intervention and Technology (CLINTEC), Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, - - 2014
Intrauterine exposure to antidepressants may lead to neonatal symptoms from the central nervous system, respiratory system and gastrointestinal system. Finnegan score (Neonatal Abstinence Score, NAS) has routinely been used to assess infants exposed to antidepressants in utero. The purpose was to study neonatal maladaptation syndrome in infants exposed to selective ...
Iacobucci Paolo P 1 Department of VCAPP, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University, Pullman, - - 2013
Preclinical models of human mood disorders commonly focus on the study of negative affectivity, without comparably stressing the role of positive affects and their ability to promote resilient coping styles. We evaluated the role of background constitutional affect of rats by studying the separation and reunion responses of infants from ...
Bornstein Marc H MH Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human - - 2013
A developmental cascade defines a longitudinal relation in which one psychological characteristic uniquely affects another psychological characteristic later in time, separately from other intrapersonal and extrapersonal factors. Here, we report results of a large-scale (N = 374), normative, prospective, 14-year longitudinal, multivariate, multisource, controlled study of a developmental cascade from ...
du Toit-Prinsloo Lorraine - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: South Africa manifests a socio-economic dichotomy that shows features of both a developed and developing country. As a result of this, areas exist where a lack of resources and expertise prevents the implementation of a highly standardized protocol for the investigation of sudden and unexpected deaths in infants (SUDI). ...
Williams Bryan L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:We examined the relationships among gestational age at birth, maternal characteristics, and standardized test performance in Georgia first-grade students.METHODS:Live births to Georgia-resident mothers aged 11 to 53 years from 1998 through 2003 were deterministically linked with standardized test results for first-grade attendees of Georgia public schools from 2005 through 2009. ...
Sullivan Mary C - - 2012
To examine functioning and participation in a diverse U.S. sample of 180 infants at age 17 years. The World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model framed functioning and participation domains and contextual factors. Assessment included cognition, executive functioning, academic achievement, personal functioning, community participation, and social ...
Derinoz Oksan - - 2012
Topical application of eye drops may cause mild or severe adverse ocular or systemic effects. Children, particularly infants, are more prone to systemic adverse effects of topical eye drops because of their lower body mass and blood volume, immature metabolism, and immaturity of excretory, nervous, and cardiovascular systems. Early recognition ...
Kretch Kari S KS New York - - 2013
Infants require locomotor experience to behave adaptively at a drop-off. However, different experimental paradigms (visual cliff and actual gaps and slopes) have generated conflicting findings regarding what infants learn and the specificity of their learning. An actual, adjustable drop-off apparatus was used to investigate whether learning to distinguish a step ...
Cacchione Trix - - 2012
Recent research suggests that gorillas' and orangutans' object representations survive cohesion violations (e.g., a split of a solid object into two halves), but that their processing of quantities may be affected by them. We assessed chimpanzees' (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos' (Pan paniscus) reactions to various fission events in the same ...
Gervain Judit - - 2012
One important mechanism suggested to underlie the acquisition of grammar is rule learning. Indeed, infants aged 0 ; 7 are able to learn rules based on simple identity relations (adjacent repetitions, ABB: "wo fe fe" and non-adjacent repetitions, ABA: "wo fe wo", respectively; Marcus et al., 1999). One unexplored issue ...
Kirkham Natasha Z NZ Centre for Brain and Cognitive Development, Birkbeck College, London WC1E 7HX, UK. - - 2012
Dynamic spatial indexing is the ability to encode, remember, and track the location of complex events. For example, in a previous study, 6-month-old infants were familiarized to a toy making a particular sound in a particular location, and later they fixated that empty location when they heard the sound presented ...
Hauf Petra - - 2012
The present research used a preferential-reaching task to examine whether 9- and 11-month-olds (n=144) could infer the relative weights of two objects resting on a soft, compressible platform. Experiment 1 established that infants reached preferentially for the lighter of 2 boxes. In Experiments 2-4, infants saw 2 boxes identical except ...
Larin Hélène M - - 2012
To assess the feasibility of a robotic mobility device for infants using alternative control interfaces aimed at promoting early self-initiated mobility, and to assess the effects of a training protocol and robot experience. Observational and pre-post quantitative case studies. Standardised, research laboratory and day-care centres with toys and individuals familiar ...
Walker Caren M - - 2012
Extensive exposure to representational media is common for infants in Western culture, and previous research has shown that soon after their 1st birthday, infants can acquire and extend new information from pictures to real objects. Here we explore the extent to which lack of exposure to pictures during infancy affects ...
Sebastián-Gallés Núria - - 2012
The origins of the bilingual advantage in various cognitive tasks are largely unknown. We tested the hypothesis that bilinguals' early capacities to track their native languages separately and learn about the properties of each may be at the origin of such differences. Spanish-Catalan bilingual and Spanish or Catalan monolingual infants ...
Skene Caryl - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To explore how parents interact with their infants and with nurses regarding the provision of comfort care in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU). DESIGN: Focused ethnography. SETTING: A regional NICU in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Eleven families (10 mothers, 8 fathers) with infants residing in the NICU participated ...
Rat-Fischer Lauriane - - 2012
Despite a growing interest in the question of tool-use development in infants, no study so far has systematically investigated how learning to use a tool to retrieve an out-of-reach object progresses with age. This was the first aim of this study, in which 60 infants, aged 14, 16, 18, 20, ...
Rostad Kristin - - 2012
Three experiments are reported on the development of object categorization skills during the second year of life. Experiment 1 examined whether 14- and 18-month-old infants were capable of performing categorization at the animate/inanimate (A/I) level using a sequential touching task. The 18-month-olds were significantly above chance and the 14-month-olds were ...
Rijlaarsdam Jolien - - 2012
BackgroundThis study aimed to examine prospective associations of young infants' home environments with expressive vocabulary delay and internalising and externalising problem scores independently of family socioeconomic status (SES) and national origin.MethodsProspective data from fetal life to age 3 were collected in a total of 2711 families participating in the Generation ...
Burbacher Thomas M - - 2012
The assessment of brain function and behavior in young infants is central to understanding the effects of chemical exposure on central nervous system development. One approach to infant cognitive assessment, based on the direct observation of infant eye movements, is known as the Visual Paired-Comparison task. The Visual Paired-Comparison test ...
Pueyo Victoria - - 2012
Objective: Cognitive outcomes and structural changes in the central nervous system were assessed in children born at term small-for-gestational-age (SGA) who showed a normal umbilical artery (UA) Doppler. Outcomes were assessed when the children were 5-6.5 years of age. We used a novel approach to examine changes in neuronal integrity ...
Seehagen Sabine - - 2012
Six-month-old infants' learning of a new action from two different models (mother/stranger) was assessed in two settings (home/laboratory). In the laboratory, a significant number of infants learned the action from a stranger but not from their mother. In the infants' homes, this pattern was reversed.
Melzer Anne - - 2012
The goal of the present study was to measure infants' action production and perception skills with tasks that both include goal anticipation, in a within-subject design. In the production task, the frequency of 6- and 12-month-old infants' contralateral reaching movements was examined. In the perception task, videos of contralateral movements ...
Gerhardstein Peter - - 2012
The relation between SES (socioeconomic status) and academic achievement in school-aged children is well established; children from low SES families have more difficulty in school. However, few studies have been able to establish a link between SES and learning in infancy, and thus the developmental onset of SES effects remains ...
Miquelote Audrei F - - 2012
Although information is sparse, research suggests that affordances in the home provide essential resources that promote motor and cognitive skills in young children. The present study assessed over time, the association between motor affordances in the home and infant motor and cognitive behavior. Thirty-two (32) infants were assessed for characteristics ...
Mandell Dorothy J - - 2012
There is relatively little work that has focused on how infants use a single feature to discriminate objects or flexibly group objects together. Existing research suggests that the ease with which infants learn form and color discriminations is not equal. However, which of these dimensions is easier when discriminating between ...
Parise Eugenio - - 2012
Early word learning in infants relies on statistical, prosodic, and social cues that support speech segmentation and the attachment of meaning to words. It is debated whether such early word knowledge represents mere associations between sound patterns and visual object features, or reflects referential understanding of words. By measuring an ...
Paulus Markus M Ludwig Maximilian University, Leopoldstr. 13, 80802 München, Germany. - - 2013
Social transmission of knowledge is one of the reasons for human evolutionary success, and it has been suggested that already human infants possess eminent social learning abilities. However, nothing is known about the neurocognitive mechanisms that subserve infants' acquisition of novel action knowledge through the observation of other people's actions ...
Claxton Laura J - - 2012
The postural sway patterns of newly standing infants were compared under two conditions: standing while holding a toy and standing while not holding a toy. Infants exhibited a lower magnitude of postural sway and more complex sway patterns when holding the toy. These changes suggest that infants adapt postural sway ...
Kraebel Kimberly S - - 2012
The current study examined the functional role redundant amodal information plays in an operant learning task in 5-month-old human infants. Prior studies have suggested that both simple and complex learning processes (discrimination, associative conditioning) are facilitated when amodal information is presented redundantly across sensory modalities. These studies, however, did not ...
Suss Courtney - - 2012
Three-month-old infants were trained to move a mobile in the presence of a coconut or cherry odor (context). Six days later, a reactivation session took place. Infants were randomly assigned to 4 groups (same odor during training and reactivation, different odor during training and reactivation, no odor present during reactivation, ...
Kaplan Peter S PS Department of Psychology, University of Colorado Denver, United States. - - 2012
Infants of mothers who varied in symptoms of depression were tested at 4 and 12 months of age for their ability to associate a segment of an unfamiliar non-depressed mother's infant-directed speech (IDS) with a face. At 4 months, all infants learned the voice-face association. At 12 months, despite the ...
Tyson J E JE Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX 77030, USA. - - 2012
Aggressive phototherapy (AgPT) is widely used and assumed to be safe and effective for even the most immature infants. We assessed whether the benefits and hazards for the smallest and sickest infants differed from those for other extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW; ≤ 1000 g) infants in our Neonatal Research Network trial, the ...
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