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Sáenz Pilar P Division of Neonatology, University Hospital La Fe, Valencia, - - 2011
Birth asphyxia is characterized by intermittent periods of hypoxia/ischemia leading to metabolic acidosis. The use of intravenous sodium bicarbonate (IVSB) is still a matter of controversy in clinical practice. To assess the use of IVSB in birth asphyxia by attending neonatologists in European hospitals. Survey using a questionnaire administered to ...
Kroelinger Charlan D - - 2010
Based on steadily increasing rates from the mid-1990s through 2005 (e.g., rates reached a high of 9.3 deaths per 1,000 live births in the 2000-2004 time frame), the Delaware infant mortality initiative began in 2004. The initiative consisted of a synthesis of quantitative analyses and state-led programs at all public ...
Dela Bianca Ana Caroline Cavalcanti - - 2010
To determine the prevalence and severity of wheezing in infants, using the standardized protocol devised for the "Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes" (EISL, International Study of Wheezing in Infants), as well as to determine the relationship between such wheezing and physician-diagnosed asthma, in the first year of life. Between ...
Yanping Wang - - 2010
This study examined the differences in neonatal mortality rates between urban and rural areas in China. Data were taken from a database collected by the Chinese surveillance network for mortality of children under 5 years of age. The risk ratio of neonatal mortality for rural versus urban areas was between 2.2 ...
Keller Matthias - - 2010
Preterm birth is the major cause of infant mortality and morbidity in both developed and developing countries. In Europe, the prevalence rate of premature birth ranges from 5.5 to 11.4% - an average of 7.1% of all live births. In this report, we aim to compare the current health and ...
McCarthy A - - 2010
The association of poor childhood socioeconomic circumstances with increased infant mortality rates (IMR) makes IMR a useful public health index. We analysed Irish trends for 1984-2005. All-cause IMR and all-cause IMR stratified by SEG were calculated and plotted. Tests of trend were computed. In 22 years, there were 1,217,014 births; 8,212 ...
Baird John - - 2011
This article examines the impact of the World Bank's Safe Motherhood Project (SMP) on health outcomes for Indonesia's poor. Provincial data from 1990 to 2005 was analyzed combining a difference-in-differences approach in multivariate regression analysis with matching of intervention (SMP) and control group provinces and adjusting for possible confounders. Our ...
Agarwal Nikhil - - 2010
We examine the effect of exposure to a set of toxic pollutants that are tracked by the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) from manufacturing facilities on county-level infant and fetal mortality rates in the United States between 1989 and 2002. Unlike previous studies, we control for toxic pollution from both mobile ...
Irving Claire - - 2011
Changes in prenatal diagnosis and maternal age are likely to have an impact on live born prevalence of trisomies 13 and 18. We investigated trends in diagnosis, prevalence, and survival in these conditions. A population-based study of one UK health region in 1985-2007 using a well-established congenital abnormality register. Individual ...
Raju Gaayana A - - 2010
We describe a laparoscopic orchidopexy performed on an 18-month-old child through a single infraumbilical site.
Ebner Arno - - 2010
Neonatal health is of major concern to parents, midwives, physicians and society as a whole, yet a prospective population-based birth cohort to collect comprehensive data on multiple issues including medical, social, environmental and genetic aspects remains to be established in Germany. The survey of newborns in Pomerania (SNiP) described in ...
Smylie Janet - - 2010
The Joint Working Group on First Nations, Indian, Inuit, and Métis Infant Mortality of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System is a collaboration of national Aboriginal organizations and federal and provincial/territorial stakeholders. Our objective was to better understand what is currently known about Aboriginal infant mortality rates (IMR) in Canada. As ...
Villadsen Sarah Fredsted - - 2010
Diverse early-life mortality outcomes have been documented in immigrant populations in northern Europe. A recent meta-analysis has suggested that national integration policy is a key factor in understanding this heterogeneous pattern. In this study, we investigated the variation of stillbirth and neonatal mortality between societies in northern Europe in one ...
Ejaz Iram - - 2010
According to the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, developing countries carry a large share of neonatal mortality in the world. According to UNICEF, almost 450 newborn children die every hour, mostly from preventable causes. Restricted access to quality and hygienic delivery services and limited knowledge about ...
Murphy Michael - - 2010
The association between birth cohort and subsequent mortality has been of interest especially following publication of studies around 1930 of cohorts born up to the latter part of the nineteenth century, particularly for England and Wales. Updated results are presented for this population, together with those for two other cohorts, ...
Jabbari Ali - - 2010
Incontinentia pigmenti is an X-linked dominant genodermatosis that can affect the teeth, eyes, and central nervous system as well as the skin. We describe an infant girl with characteristic cutaneous findings, which progressed through the vesicular, verrucous, and hyperpigmented stages in the first year of life. During the neonatal period, ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2010
It is unknown whether rural isolation may affect birth outcomes and infant mortality differentially for Indigenous versus non-Indigenous populations. We assessed birth outcomes and infant mortality by the degree of rural isolation among First Nations (North American Indians) and non-First Nations populations in Manitoba, Canada, a setting with universal health ...
Ghosh Rohini - - 2010
Recent Indian studies indicate stagnation in decline of child mortality, though various health care interventions were introduced during the last 2 decades. This study examined the rates of infant and child mortality and associated demographic and socioeconomic factors in 2 socioeconomically vulnerable populations, comprising 195 Munda and 334 Poundrakshatriya women ...
Cammu Hendrik - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To assess, in a homogenous population of primiparous women, how fetal and infant (=first year of life) mortality varied by the mothers' level of education. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted an observational study in Flanders (Northern Belgium) involving 170,948 primiparous women who delivered in Flanders during the period 1999-2006, and ...
Rajal V B - - 2010
In the province of Salta, in the Northwest region of Argentina, almost two-thirds of the population live in absolute poverty, and diseases associated with poverty are rampant. Almost 12% of the total population of the province are children below 5 years of age; almost half of these infants are living ...
Lewycka Sonia - - 2010
The UN Millennium Development Goals call for substantial reductions in maternal and child mortality, to be achieved through reductions in morbidity and mortality during pregnancy, delivery, postpartum and early childhood. The MaiMwana Project aims to test community-based interventions that tackle maternal and child health problems through increasing awareness and local ...
Singh Jerome Amir - - 2010
The defining event in the area of infant feeding is the aggressive marketing of infant formula in the developing world by transnational companies in the 1970s. This practice shattered the trust of the global health community in the private sector, culminated in a global boycott of Nestle products and has ...
Raj Anita - - 2010
To assess associations between maternal child marriage (marriage before age 18) and morbidity and mortality of infants and children under 5 in India. Design Cross-sectional analyses of nationally representative household sample. Generalised estimating equation models constructed to assess associations. Adjusted models included maternal and child demographics and maternal body mass ...
Sartorius Benn K D - - 2010
Infant mortality is an important indicator of population health in a country. It is associated with several health determinants, such as maternal health, access to high-quality health care, socioeconomic conditions, and public health policy and practices. A spatial-temporal analysis was performed to assess changes in infant mortality patterns between 1992-2007 ...
Ensor Tim - - 2010
The effect of the recent world recession on population health has featured heavily in recent international meetings. Maternal health is a particular concern given that many countries were already falling short of their MDG targets for 2015. We utilise 20th century time series data from 14 high and middle income ...
Kemkes Ariane - - 2010
Based on a 1900 census sample of 34,166 post-reproductive females (> or =45 years), the birth month effect was put to the test, for both lifetime fertility as well as child survival, controlling for maternal birth cohort (1826-1835, 1836-1845, 1846-1855), Duncan's SEI, urbanity, nativity, literacy and marital duration. Testing for ...
Sayers Susan M - - 2009
Infant mortality and morbidity disparities occur between non-Indigenous and Indigenous populations of Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States. Neonatal mortality is due to high-risk births, which vary according to prevalence of the maternal risk factors of smoking, alcohol consumption, infection, and disorders of nutritional status, whereas postneonatal mortality ...
Baffour Tiffany D - - 2009
Health disparities among African-American families represent a significant social problem. Nationally, African-American infants have dramatically worse birth outcomes than other racial and ethnic groups. A Community-Based Participatory Research approach was utilized to engage community residents. This study examined participants' definitions of infant mortality, views on the community impact of infant ...
Spangler Andrew H - - 2009
Manganese is an element essential in trace quantities but toxic in high concentrations. As a naturally occurring element in groundwater and a chemical of increasing global significance due to its growing trend of replacing lead in gasoline, vigilant assessment of its detrimental effects is essential. In response to previous research ...
Chan Moon Fai - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the effects of socioeconomic instability and the availability of health resources on infant mortality rate. BACKGROUND: In 1960, the infant mortality rate was 46.3 infants per 1000 live births in Macau but by 2006 it had declined to 2.7 infants per 1000 live births. DESIGN: A retrospective ...
Lahmann Petra H - - 2009
The objectives of this study were to explore temporal changes in birth measures in Queensland, Australia, and examine whether secular trends are similar to those in other countries. This study used data from the Queensland Perinatal Data Collection, including singleton livebirths (n = 831 375) from 1988 to 2005. Recorded ...
MacDorman Marian F - - 2009
Infant mortality is an important indicator of the health of a nation, and the recent stagnation (since 2000) in the U.S. infant mortality rate has generated concern among researchers and policy makers. The percentage of preterm births in the United States has risen 36% since 1984 (1). In this report ...
Van de Poel Ellen - - 2009
The rural-urban gap in infant mortality rates is explained by using a new decomposition method that permits identification of the contribution of unobserved heterogeneity at the household and the community level. Using Demographic and Health Survey data for six Francophone countries in Central and West sub-Saharan Africa, we find that ...
Lalonde Andr?? B - - 2009
In collaboration with member national professional associations, the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) has been conducting a Saving Mothers and Newborns Project in 10 low- and middle-resource countries. The project aims to achieve the objectives set out in Millennium Development Goals 4 and 5 related to child survival ...
van den Berg Gerard J - - 2009
We analyze the effect of being born in a recession on the mortality rate later in life in conjunction with social class. We use individual data records from Dutch registers of birth, marriage, and death certificates, covering the period 1815-2000, and we merge these with historical data on macro-economic outcomes ...
Wu Mei-Hwan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We sought to estimate the incidence of pediatric sudden death (SD) in Taiwan. STUDY DESIGN: Cases of SD were identified from National Health Insurance databases, 2000 to 2006. RESULTS: In the Taiwan pediatric population (age, 0 to 18 years; 5.44 million), the neonatal, infant, postneonatal infant, and under-5 years ...
Livingood William C - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of the social determinants component of a multiple determinants model of pre- and inter-conception care. Health department vital statistics and infectious disease data on birth and factors influencing birth outcomes were analyzed for participants in a program designed to mitigate ...
Stover John J Futures Institute, Glastonbury, CT, 06033, USA. - - 2010
It is widely recognized that family planning contributes to reducing maternal mortality by reducing the number of births and, thus, the number of times a woman is exposed to the risk of mortality. Here we show evidence that it also lowers the risk per birth, the maternal mortality ratio (MMR), ...
Anthony Sabine - - 2009
Perinatal mortality rates differ markedly between countries in Europe. If population characteristics, such as maternal age, parity or multiple births, contribute to these differences, standardised rates may be useful for international comparisons of health status and especially quality of care. This analysis used aggregated population-based data on fetal and neonatal ...
Wang Chengning - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the effect of socioeconomic status (SES) on health outcomes during the first year after newborn discharge among infants with complex chronic conditions (CCCs) insured through a universal health plan. DESIGN: Longitudinal, population-based cohort study. SETTING: Ontario, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Infants born in hospitals from April 1, 1996, through ...
Juckett David A - - 2009
Cross-generational effects (grandmother effects) associated with epigenetic imprinting, environmental exposures, and lifestyle choices are beginning to be explored by various investigators. The possibility that low-level background radiation can be a driver of such effects has been suggested previously and is explored further in this study. Age-period-cohort analysis was performed on ...
Tetstall Emma - - 2009
AIMS: To identify maternal, obstetric and neonatal characteristics of opioid-dependent Indigenous Australians in rural and metropolitan settings. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 232 metropolitan and 67 rural infants born to mothers maintained on methadone throughout pregnancy for the treatment of opiate dependency, between January 2000 and December 2006. Medical records ...
Nuwaha Fred - - 2009
The under five mortality rate (U5MR) is measure of wellbeing and decreasing the U5MR by two thirds is the target towards the achievement of the millennium development goal number four (MDG4). To describe the changes in U5MR in Uganda from 1954 to 2000 and use them to project future trends ...
Hatt Laurel - - 2009
BACKGROUND Early neonatal mortality has been persistently high in developing countries. Indonesia, with its national policy of home-based, midwife-assisted birth, is an apt context for assessing the effect of home-based professional birth attendance on early neonatal survival. METHODS We pooled four Indonesian Demographic and Health Surveys and used multivariate logistic ...
Rahman Moshiur - - 2009
This study findings show primarily - amongst the biodemographic and health seeking services factors, delivery-related maternal health complicacies, blindness, higher order births, twin births, lower household size and interaction effect of higher order live births and male child are significantly correlated with higher neonatal mortality. Neonatal deaths are heavily caused ...
O'Donnell Melissa - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: Illicit drug use during pregnancy is an important public health issue, with adverse effects on the newborn and implications for subsequent parenting. The aim of this study was to measure the birth prevalence of neonatal withdrawal syndrome over time, associated maternal characteristics and child protection involvement. METHODS: This is ...
Sauve Reg - - 2009
Canada's infant mortality rates appear to be worsening, but this may be due, at least in part, to inconsistencies in registration of births at the edge of viability, variations in international practices for reporting live births, and related factors. There are striking differences in reported infant mortality rates among provinces ...
Song Shige - - 2009
Using retrospective individual mortality records of three cohorts of newborns (1954-1958, 1959-1962 and 1963-1967) from a large national fertility survey conducted in 1988 in China, this paper examines the effect of being conceived or born during the 1959-1961 Great Leap Forward Famine on postnatal mortality. The results show strong evidence ...
Campbell Cameron D - - 2009
We examine the effects on adult and old age mortality of childhood living arrangements and other aspects of family context in early life. We focus on features of family context that have already been shown to be associated with infant or child mortality in historical and developing country populations. We ...
Dale, Pamela
The infant welfare movement in Britain has received considerable scholarly attention but continues to generate controversy and debate. Many of the services began with nineteenth-century voluntary initiative but were later developed by local authorities. Critics have drawn attention to the limitations of such provision; arguing that it was predicated on ...
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