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Nagy Emese - - 2011
The left side of the face has been reported to be more expressive than the right side in human adults. The developmental origin of this lateralization, however, is unknown. Chimeric still composite photos of smiling faces of 0-5 months (n=61), 6-12 months (n=67) old infants, 3-8 years old children (n=78), ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2011
Aim:  To examine the influence of perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) or low Apgar scores on distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) in infants at 1 year and detect any postnatal changes. Methods:  Eighty-eight term infants born with perinatal HI or low Apgar scores alone were recruited at 1 year of age. The ears with ...
Kovack-Lesh Kristine A - - 2012
We examined how infants' categorization is jointly influenced by previous experience and how much they shift their gaze back-and-forth between stimuli. Extending previous findings reported by Kovack-Lesh, Horst, and Oakes (2008), we found that 4-month-old infants' (N = 122) learning of the exclusive category of cats was related to whether ...
Athanasakis E - - 2011
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as the sudden death of an infant under one year of age which remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene and review of the clinical history. SIDS is one of the leading ...
Tomic Vlatka - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the delivery and neonatal outcome of IVF singleton pregnancies with those conceived spontaneously in primiparous women ≥35 years of age. METHODS: Data were collected by the hospital's obstetrics and pediatric staff at the time of examination, hospitalization, delivery and discharge. A total of 283 women with in vitro ...
Doyle L W - - 2011
Objective To determine the survival and neurological outcome at 2 years of age of extremely low birthweight (ELBW, birth weight 500-999 g) infants born in the state of Victoria compared with term controls, and contrasted with ELBW cohorts from previous eras. Design and setting A population-based cohort study of consecutive ...
Asakai Hiroko - - 2011
This report describes six previously healthy infants with acute mitral valve chordal rupture. Although their initial symptoms were mild respiratory distress and fever, all the infants presented with acute progressive left heart failure and required urgent surgical repair. Mitral valve annuloplasty and mitral valve replacement were performed (for three patients ...
Boston Umar S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the long-term outcome of patients with Ebstein anomaly who underwent complete repair as neonates and young infants. METHODS: Between March 1994 and May 2010, 32 patients (23 neonates and 9 young infants) underwent surgery for Ebstein anomaly. Mean weight was 3.9 ...
Melani Federico - - 2011
Cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5) gene abnormalities cause an early-onset epileptic encephalopathy. We performed video-electroencephalography (video-EEG) monitoring early in the course of CDKL5-related epileptic encephalopathy in order to examine the early electroclinical characteristics of the condition. We used video-EEG to monitor six infants (five females, one male) with CDKL5-related epileptic encephalopathy ...
Xu Lili - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the prevalence of gastroschisis has increased remarkably in some areas and remained unchanged in other areas; however, in general, there is a recent increasing trend compared to the 1970s and 1980s. In this study, we explored the time trend of gastroschisis prevalence in China during 1996 ...
Fryzek Jon P - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children and the leading cause of hospitalization in infants aged <1 year. We examined trends in RSV hospitalization (RSVH) among infants from 1998 to 2006, using the United States (US) National Hospital Discharge ...
Oddy Wendy H - - 2011
Aim:  Breastfeeding has been associated with multiple developmental advantages for the infant; however there have also been a number of studies that find no significant benefits to child development. We examined the relationship between breastfeeding for four months or longer and child development at age one, two and three years. ...
Ramlakhan Shammi L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The clinical diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants under the age of 2 years is challenging because of the nonspecific symptoms and signs in this age group. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is critical, and although dipstick testing allows rapid testing, there is some doubt about its use ...
Malempati Suman - - 2011
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in children, occurs less commonly in infants. Historically, poorer outcomes have been reported for infants diagnosed with RMS than for older children. The authors analyzed the characteristics, treatment administered, outcomes, and patterns of failure for infants aged < 1 year with nonmetastatic RMS ...
Han Wei - - 2011
Objective. To evaluate changing trends in neonatal births and deaths in a provincial women's and children's hospital over the past 20 years. Design: Retrospective longitudinal study. Setting. Henan Provincial Women's and Children's Hospital, China. Population. Inborn live births in Henan Provincial Women's and Children's Hospital from January 1987 to December 2006. ...
Chambers Kyle E - - 2011
Infants rapidly learn novel phonotactic constraints from brief listening experience. Four experiments explored the nature of the representations underlying this learning. 16.5- and 10.5-month-old infants heard training syllables in which particular consonants were restricted to particular syllable positions (first-order constraints) or to syllable positions depending on the identity of the ...
Fradette Julie - - 2011
: Although conservative care is the standard intervention for infants with torticollis, the variation in intervention content and format proposed in the literature reflects the lack of clear understanding of this population's needs. The objective was to identify factors assessed by pediatricians and physical therapists influencing the determination of intervention ...
Walsh Allison J - - 2011
In this column, Allison and Paul Walsh share the story of the birth of Nora, their third baby and their second child to be born at home. Allison and Paul share their individual memories of labor and birth. But their story is only part of the story of Nora's birth. ...
Canals Josefa - - 2011
The aim of this study was to analyze the extent to which the relations and the stability of the neonatal behaviour and the infant behaviour at both 4 and 12 months could be used to predict the infant temperament at 6 years. Seventy-two full-term, normal-weight, healthy children were followed from ...
Kaufman David A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term effects of fluconazole prophylaxis in extremely low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: Neurodevelopmental status and quality of life of survivors from a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of fluconazole prophylaxis were evaluated at 8 to 10 years of life using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-II (VABS-II) and ...
Eisenstein Israel - - 2011
Hemodialysis (HD) catheter-related complications are regarded as the main cause of HD failure in infants and children with ESRD. In this study, we determined HD catheter infection rates and survival times in children. We analyzed demographic, clinical, laboratory, and microbiologic data on all infants and children with ESRD who received ...
Rattihalli R R RR Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2011
To provide survival data and rates of severe disability at 2 years of corrected age in infants born prior to 26 weeks' gestation in 2001-2003 and to compare these outcomes with an earlier cohort from 1991 to 1993. Population-based prospective cohort study. Former Trent region of UK covering a population ...
D'Amore A - - 2011
To determine the prevalence and nature of disability at 2 years of age in infants born from 1993 to 2002 with a birth weight of <1500 g. A prospective cohort analysis of all eight neonatal units in East Anglia, UK using a single database. Local paediatricians assessed children at 2 ...
Olson Maren E - - 2010
The goal was to investigate the relationships of income and income inequality with neonatal and infant health outcomes in the United States. The 2000-2004 state data were extracted from the Kids Count Data Center. Health indicators included proportion of preterm births (PTBs), proportion of infants with low birth weight (LBW), ...
Peck Magda G - - 2010
This paper provides an overview of the origins, purpose, and methods of the Perinatal Periods of Risk (PPOR) approach to community-based planning for action to improve maternal and infant health outcomes. PPOR includes a new analytic framework that enables urban communities to better understand and address fetal and infant mortality. ...
Chao Shin Margaret - - 2010
This article provides an example of how Perinatal Periods of Risk (PPOR) can provide a framework and offer analytic methods that move communities to productive action to address infant mortality. Between 1999 and 2002, the infant mortality rate in the Antelope Valley region of Los Angeles County increased from 5.0 ...
Jones James Holland - - 2010
1. Fertility is an important fitness component, but is difficult to measure in slowly reproducing, long-lived animals such as chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). 2. We measured fertility and the effect of measured covariates on fertility in a 43-year sample of birth intervals of chimpanzees from the Gombe National Park, Tanzania using ...
Carlo Waldemar A WA University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, 176F Suite 9380, 619 S. 19th St, Birmingham, AL 35249-7335, USA. - - 2010
The goal was to determine the effect of training in newborn care and resuscitation on 7-day (early) neonatal mortality rates for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. The study was designed to test the hypothesis that these training programs would reduce neonatal mortality rates for VLBW infants. Local instructors trained ...
Urquia Marcelo L - - 2010
Research on the health status of international migrants to industrialised countries in general, and on perinatal outcomes in particular, has assumed an interpretative model based on primary migration, characterised by one permanent cross-border movement from the migrant's country of birth. However, many migrants experience more complex migration patterns that may ...
Pinheiro Carlos Eduardo Andrade - - 2010
To analyze factors associated with survival in the first year of life. A historical cohort study was carried out using data from live birth and mortality information systems, including 90,153 live birth records and 1,053 records of death before age one year in hospitals in the cities of Florianópolis and ...
Ghimire Dirgha J - - 2010
This paper examines the influence of community context and land use on the monthly odds of first birth in a society in the midst of dramatic fertility transition. The theoretical framework guiding our work predicts that proximity to non-family services should delay first births by creating opportunities for competing non-family ...
Burns Lucy - - 2010
The rate and correlates of infant death in those born to opioid-dependent women are unclear. This study aims to determine the infant mortality rate of infants born to women on a methadone program during pregnancy and to identify any modifiable risk factors. A retrospective study of live births to all ...
Sáenz Pilar - - 2011
Background: Birth asphyxia is characterized by intermittent periods of hypoxia/ischemia leading to metabolic acidosis. The use of intravenous sodium bicarbonate (IVSB) is still a matter of controversy in clinical practice. Objective: To assess the use of IVSB in birth asphyxia by attending neonatologists in European hospitals. Design/Methods: Survey using a ...
Kroelinger Charlan D - - 2010
Based on steadily increasing rates from the mid-1990s through 2005 (e.g., rates reached a high of 9.3 deaths per 1,000 live births in the 2000-2004 time frame), the Delaware infant mortality initiative began in 2004. The initiative consisted of a synthesis of quantitative analyses and state-led programs at all public ...
Dela Bianca Ana Caroline Cavalcanti - - 2010
To determine the prevalence and severity of wheezing in infants, using the standardized protocol devised for the "Estudio Internacional de Sibilancias en Lactantes" (EISL, International Study of Wheezing in Infants), as well as to determine the relationship between such wheezing and physician-diagnosed asthma, in the first year of life. Between ...
Yanping Wang - - 2010
This study examined the differences in neonatal mortality rates between urban and rural areas in China. Data were taken from a database collected by the Chinese surveillance network for mortality of children under 5 years of age. The risk ratio of neonatal mortality for rural versus urban areas was between 2.2 ...
Keller Matthias - - 2010
Preterm birth is the major cause of infant mortality and morbidity in both developed and developing countries. In Europe, the prevalence rate of premature birth ranges from 5.5 to 11.4% - an average of 7.1% of all live births. In this report, we aim to compare the current health and ...
McCarthy A - - 2010
The association of poor childhood socioeconomic circumstances with increased infant mortality rates (IMR) makes IMR a useful public health index. We analysed Irish trends for 1984-2005. All-cause IMR and all-cause IMR stratified by SEG were calculated and plotted. Tests of trend were computed. In 22 years, there were 1,217,014 births; 8,212 ...
Baird John - - 2011
This article examines the impact of the World Bank's Safe Motherhood Project (SMP) on health outcomes for Indonesia's poor. Provincial data from 1990 to 2005 was analyzed combining a difference-in-differences approach in multivariate regression analysis with matching of intervention (SMP) and control group provinces and adjusting for possible confounders. Our ...
Agarwal Nikhil - - 2010
We examine the effect of exposure to a set of toxic pollutants that are tracked by the Toxic Release Inventory (TRI) from manufacturing facilities on county-level infant and fetal mortality rates in the United States between 1989 and 2002. Unlike previous studies, we control for toxic pollution from both mobile ...
Irving Claire - - 2011
Changes in prenatal diagnosis and maternal age are likely to have an impact on live born prevalence of trisomies 13 and 18. We investigated trends in diagnosis, prevalence, and survival in these conditions. A population-based study of one UK health region in 1985-2007 using a well-established congenital abnormality register. Individual ...
Raju Gaayana A - - 2010
We describe a laparoscopic orchidopexy performed on an 18-month-old child through a single infraumbilical site.
Ebner Arno - - 2010
Neonatal health is of major concern to parents, midwives, physicians and society as a whole, yet a prospective population-based birth cohort to collect comprehensive data on multiple issues including medical, social, environmental and genetic aspects remains to be established in Germany. The survey of newborns in Pomerania (SNiP) described in ...
Smylie Janet - - 2010
The Joint Working Group on First Nations, Indian, Inuit, and Métis Infant Mortality of the Canadian Perinatal Surveillance System is a collaboration of national Aboriginal organizations and federal and provincial/territorial stakeholders. Our objective was to better understand what is currently known about Aboriginal infant mortality rates (IMR) in Canada. As ...
Villadsen Sarah Fredsted - - 2010
Diverse early-life mortality outcomes have been documented in immigrant populations in northern Europe. A recent meta-analysis has suggested that national integration policy is a key factor in understanding this heterogeneous pattern. In this study, we investigated the variation of stillbirth and neonatal mortality between societies in northern Europe in one ...
Ejaz Iram - - 2010
According to the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, developing countries carry a large share of neonatal mortality in the world. According to UNICEF, almost 450 newborn children die every hour, mostly from preventable causes. Restricted access to quality and hygienic delivery services and limited knowledge about ...
Murphy Michael - - 2010
The association between birth cohort and subsequent mortality has been of interest especially following publication of studies around 1930 of cohorts born up to the latter part of the nineteenth century, particularly for England and Wales. Updated results are presented for this population, together with those for two other cohorts, ...
Jabbari Ali - - 2010
Incontinentia pigmenti is an X-linked dominant genodermatosis that can affect the teeth, eyes, and central nervous system as well as the skin. We describe an infant girl with characteristic cutaneous findings, which progressed through the vesicular, verrucous, and hyperpigmented stages in the first year of life. During the neonatal period, ...
Luo Zhong-Cheng - - 2010
It is unknown whether rural isolation may affect birth outcomes and infant mortality differentially for Indigenous versus non-Indigenous populations. We assessed birth outcomes and infant mortality by the degree of rural isolation among First Nations (North American Indians) and non-First Nations populations in Manitoba, Canada, a setting with universal health ...
Ghosh Rohini - - 2010
Recent Indian studies indicate stagnation in decline of child mortality, though various health care interventions were introduced during the last 2 decades. This study examined the rates of infant and child mortality and associated demographic and socioeconomic factors in 2 socioeconomically vulnerable populations, comprising 195 Munda and 334 Poundrakshatriya women ...
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