Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 946
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Brodd Katarina Strand - - 2011
Aim:  To investigate the association between perinatal risk factors and neonatal complications and early oculo-motor development in very preterm infants. Methods:  Perinatal risk factors were identified and the potential association with early oculo-motor development was evaluated by measuring smooth pursuit eye movements (SP) at 2 and 4 months' corrected age ...
Petrie Thomas Julianne H - - 2012
The majority of children who are born very preterm escape major impairment, yet more subtle cognitive and attention problems are very common in this population. Previous research has linked infant focused attention during exploratory play to later cognition in children born full-term and preterm. Infant focused attention can be indexed ...
Soska Kasey C KC Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA. - - 2012
Motor overflow is extraneous movement in a limb not involved in a motor action. Typically, overflow is observed in people with neurological impairments and in healthy children and adults during strenuous and attention-demanding tasks. In the current study, we found that young infants produce vast amounts of motor overflow, corroborating ...
Nowak-Göttl Ulrike - - 2011
In neonates and infants with idiopathic venous thrombosis (VTE) and in pediatric populations in which thromboses were associated with medical diseases, inherited thrombophilia (IT) have been described as risk factors. Follow-up data for VTE recurrence in neonates suggest a recurrence rate between 3% in provoked and 21% in idiopathic VTE. ...
Tarrant Roslyn C - - 2011
There is a need to comprehensively examine why mothers in Ireland discontinue breastfeeding early and to explore the factors influencing duration of breastfeeding during the first 6 months postpartum. Findings from this study provide valuable direction for future strategies and interventions aimed at increasing breastfeeding duration rates in Ireland.
Sharkey Alyssa - - 2011
To examine how health caregivers in under-resourced South African settings select from among the healthcare alternatives available to them during the final illness of their infants. Qualitative interviews were conducted with 39 caregivers of deceased infants in a rural community and an urban township. Nineteen local health providers and community ...
- - 2012
Research suggests that non-linguistic sequence learning abilities are an important contributor to language development (Conway, Bauernschmidt, Huang, & Pisoni, 2010). The current study investigated visual sequence learning as a possible predictor of vocabulary development in infants. Fifty-eight 8.5-month-old infants were presented with a three-location spatiotemporal sequence of multi-colored geometric shapes. ...
Behne Tanya - - 2012
This study explored whether infants aged 12 months already recognize the communicative function of pointing gestures. Infants participated in a task requiring them to comprehend an adult's informative pointing gesture to the location of a hidden toy. They mostly succeeded in this task, which required them to infer that the ...
Ko┼čar Pinar - - 2011
To evaluate the relationship between risk factors and presence of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) in male infants, and to compare the efficiency of different ultrasound (US) screening protocols. 1321 male infants were included in the study. Ultrasound examinations were performed by combining Graf's static method and Harcke's dynamic ...
Ruffman Ted - - 2012
Many authors have argued that infants understand goals, intentions, and beliefs. We posit that infants' success on such tasks might instead reveal an understanding of behaviour, that infants' proficient statistical learning abilities might enable such insights, and that maternal talk scaffolds children's learning about the social world as well. We ...
Kucker Sarah C - - 2012
Recent research demonstrated that although twenty-four month-old infants do well on the initial pairing of a novel word and novel object in fast-mapping tasks, they are unable to retain the mapping after a five-minute delay. The current study examines the role of familiarity with the objects and words on infants' ...
Korst Lisa M - - 2011
The use of trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) has declined in the last decade, and the clinical risks of TOLAC remain low. Nonclinical factors continue to affect women's access to TOLAC. This article considers 5 categories of factors that seem to be influencing rates of TOLAC and vaginal birth ...
Paulus Markus - - 2012
Bidirectional action-effect associations play a fundamental role in intentional action control and the development of the mirror neuron system. However, it has been questioned if infants are able to acquire bidirectional action-effect associations (i.e., are able to intentionally control their actions). To investigate this, we trained 8-month-old infants for one ...
Carter Margaret F - - 2011
Objective. To assess the association of late preterm births (LPB [34(0/7)-36(6/7)]) and maternal risk factors with Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admissions. Methods. A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was conducted using data of all who delivered between 2000 and 2008. Statistical analysis was done using Chi-square and multivariable logistic regression. Results. During the study ...
Bielecki Ireneusz - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of risk factors and their influence on - the distribution and manifestation of - hearing loss in infants. The study was conducted at the Department of Laryngology in the Upper Silesian Center for Child Health in Katowice (Poland), as ...
Parente Raphael Câmara Medeiros - - 2011
Vaginal delivery, as known today, is a still unfinished product that originated hundreds of million years ago, much before mammals evolved on land. In this article, we will discuss the way in which our direct ancestors were born over the eons until the present day, focusing on the factors that ...
Cho Youngtae - - 2011
This study aimed to examine whether the relative importance of maternal age as a correlate of adverse birth outcomes has changed and to investigate if social inequalities in birth outcomes have widened during the past decade when the marriage and fertility related social environment has undergone tremendous change in Korea. ...
Norton Patricia J - - 2011
In 2005 the American Academy of Pediatrics published new recommendations on infant sleep environment which advised against infants bed-sharing. A retrospective study was done to determine the prevalence of infant bed-sharing and its associations in a clinical practice. Demographic data were collected from 2,405 infants from a large family practice ...
Faux J C - - 2011
This year is the centenary of the birth of John Charnley. Some of his legacy to Orthopaedic Surgery is described in this editorial.
Jeppesen Dl - - 2011
Aim:  To study the growth of the thymus in preterm infants. Methods:  Ultrasonographic thymic size (Ti) was studied in 80 preterm infants (gestational age 24-36 weeks) from birth to discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Thirty-three of these infants were followed to one year of age. Results:  At ...
Senarath Upul - - 2011
Identification of factors that predict a woman's infant feeding choice is important for breastfeeding promotion programmes. We analysed a subsample of children under 2 years of age from the most recent Sri Lanka Demographic and Health Survey (SLDHS) to assess breastfeeding practices and factors associated with suboptimal practices. SLDHS 2006-2007 ...
Nagy Emese - - 2011
The left side of the face has been reported to be more expressive than the right side in human adults. The developmental origin of this lateralization, however, is unknown. Chimeric still composite photos of smiling faces of 0-5 months (n=61), 6-12 months (n=67) old infants, 3-8 years old children (n=78), ...
Jiang Ze D - - 2011
Aim:  To examine the influence of perinatal hypoxia-ischaemia (HI) or low Apgar scores on distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) in infants at 1 year and detect any postnatal changes. Methods:  Eighty-eight term infants born with perinatal HI or low Apgar scores alone were recruited at 1 year of age. The ears with ...
Kovack-Lesh Kristine A - - 2012
We examined how infants' categorization is jointly influenced by previous experience and how much they shift their gaze back-and-forth between stimuli. Extending previous findings reported by Kovack-Lesh, Horst, and Oakes (2008), we found that 4-month-old infants' (N = 122) learning of the exclusive category of cats was related to whether ...
Athanasakis E - - 2011
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is defined as the sudden death of an infant under one year of age which remains unexplained after a thorough case investigation, including performance of a complete autopsy, examination of the death scene and review of the clinical history. SIDS is one of the leading ...
Tomic Vlatka - - 2011
PURPOSE: To compare the delivery and neonatal outcome of IVF singleton pregnancies with those conceived spontaneously in primiparous women ≥35 years of age. METHODS: Data were collected by the hospital's obstetrics and pediatric staff at the time of examination, hospitalization, delivery and discharge. A total of 283 women with in vitro ...
Doyle L W - - 2011
Objective To determine the survival and neurological outcome at 2 years of age of extremely low birthweight (ELBW, birth weight 500-999 g) infants born in the state of Victoria compared with term controls, and contrasted with ELBW cohorts from previous eras. Design and setting A population-based cohort study of consecutive ...
Asakai Hiroko - - 2011
This report describes six previously healthy infants with acute mitral valve chordal rupture. Although their initial symptoms were mild respiratory distress and fever, all the infants presented with acute progressive left heart failure and required urgent surgical repair. Mitral valve annuloplasty and mitral valve replacement were performed (for three patients ...
Boston Umar S - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the long-term outcome of patients with Ebstein anomaly who underwent complete repair as neonates and young infants. METHODS: Between March 1994 and May 2010, 32 patients (23 neonates and 9 young infants) underwent surgery for Ebstein anomaly. Mean weight was 3.9 ...
Han Wei W Department of Pediatrics, Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Kangfuqain Street 7, Zhengzhou, - - 2011
To evaluate changing trends in neonatal births and deaths in a provincial women's and children's hospital over the past 20 years. Retrospective longitudinal study. Henan Provincial Women's and Children's Hospital, China. Live births in Henan Provincial Women's and Children's Hospital from January 1987 to December 2006. Data was stratified by ...
Melani Federico - - 2011
Cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5) gene abnormalities cause an early-onset epileptic encephalopathy. We performed video-electroencephalography (video-EEG) monitoring early in the course of CDKL5-related epileptic encephalopathy in order to examine the early electroclinical characteristics of the condition. We used video-EEG to monitor six infants (five females, one male) with CDKL5-related epileptic encephalopathy ...
Xu Lili - - 2011
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the prevalence of gastroschisis has increased remarkably in some areas and remained unchanged in other areas; however, in general, there is a recent increasing trend compared to the 1970s and 1980s. In this study, we explored the time trend of gastroschisis prevalence in China during 1996 ...
Fryzek Jon P - - 2011
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children and the leading cause of hospitalization in infants aged <1 year. We examined trends in RSV hospitalization (RSVH) among infants from 1998 to 2006, using the United States (US) National Hospital Discharge ...
Oddy Wendy H - - 2011
Aim:  Breastfeeding has been associated with multiple developmental advantages for the infant; however there have also been a number of studies that find no significant benefits to child development. We examined the relationship between breastfeeding for four months or longer and child development at age one, two and three years. ...
Ramlakhan Shammi L - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The clinical diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI) in infants under the age of 2 years is challenging because of the nonspecific symptoms and signs in this age group. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is critical, and although dipstick testing allows rapid testing, there is some doubt about its use ...
Malempati Suman S Department of Pediatrics, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR 97239-3098, USA. - - 2011
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in children, occurs less commonly in infants. Historically, poorer outcomes have been reported for infants diagnosed with RMS than for older children. The authors analyzed the characteristics, treatment administered, outcomes, and patterns of failure for infants aged < 1 year with nonmetastatic RMS ...
Chambers Kyle E - - 2011
Infants rapidly learn novel phonotactic constraints from brief listening experience. Four experiments explored the nature of the representations underlying this learning. 16.5- and 10.5-month-old infants heard training syllables in which particular consonants were restricted to particular syllable positions (first-order constraints) or to syllable positions depending on the identity of the ...
Fradette Julie - - 2011
: Although conservative care is the standard intervention for infants with torticollis, the variation in intervention content and format proposed in the literature reflects the lack of clear understanding of this population's needs. The objective was to identify factors assessed by pediatricians and physical therapists influencing the determination of intervention ...
Walsh Allison J - - 2011
In this column, Allison and Paul Walsh share the story of the birth of Nora, their third baby and their second child to be born at home. Allison and Paul share their individual memories of labor and birth. But their story is only part of the story of Nora's birth. ...
Canals Josefa - - 2011
The aim of this study was to analyze the extent to which the relations and the stability of the neonatal behaviour and the infant behaviour at both 4 and 12 months could be used to predict the infant temperament at 6 years. Seventy-two full-term, normal-weight, healthy children were followed from ...
Kaufman David A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine the long-term effects of fluconazole prophylaxis in extremely low birth weight infants. STUDY DESIGN: Neurodevelopmental status and quality of life of survivors from a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of fluconazole prophylaxis were evaluated at 8 to 10 years of life using the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-II (VABS-II) and ...
Eisenstein Israel - - 2011
Hemodialysis (HD) catheter-related complications are regarded as the main cause of HD failure in infants and children with ESRD. In this study, we determined HD catheter infection rates and survival times in children. We analyzed demographic, clinical, laboratory, and microbiologic data on all infants and children with ESRD who received ...
Rattihalli R R RR Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2011
To provide survival data and rates of severe disability at 2 years of corrected age in infants born prior to 26 weeks' gestation in 2001-2003 and to compare these outcomes with an earlier cohort from 1991 to 1993. Population-based prospective cohort study. Former Trent region of UK covering a population ...
D'Amore A - - 2011
To determine the prevalence and nature of disability at 2 years of age in infants born from 1993 to 2002 with a birth weight of <1500 g. A prospective cohort analysis of all eight neonatal units in East Anglia, UK using a single database. Local paediatricians assessed children at 2 ...
Olson Maren E - - 2010
The goal was to investigate the relationships of income and income inequality with neonatal and infant health outcomes in the United States. The 2000-2004 state data were extracted from the Kids Count Data Center. Health indicators included proportion of preterm births (PTBs), proportion of infants with low birth weight (LBW), ...
Peck Magda G - - 2010
This paper provides an overview of the origins, purpose, and methods of the Perinatal Periods of Risk (PPOR) approach to community-based planning for action to improve maternal and infant health outcomes. PPOR includes a new analytic framework that enables urban communities to better understand and address fetal and infant mortality. ...
Chao Shin Margaret - - 2010
This article provides an example of how Perinatal Periods of Risk (PPOR) can provide a framework and offer analytic methods that move communities to productive action to address infant mortality. Between 1999 and 2002, the infant mortality rate in the Antelope Valley region of Los Angeles County increased from 5.0 ...
Jones James Holland - - 2010
1. Fertility is an important fitness component, but is difficult to measure in slowly reproducing, long-lived animals such as chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). 2. We measured fertility and the effect of measured covariates on fertility in a 43-year sample of birth intervals of chimpanzees from the Gombe National Park, Tanzania using ...
Carlo Waldemar A WA University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, 176F Suite 9380, 619 S. 19th St, Birmingham, AL 35249-7335, USA. - - 2010
The goal was to determine the effect of training in newborn care and resuscitation on 7-day (early) neonatal mortality rates for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. The study was designed to test the hypothesis that these training programs would reduce neonatal mortality rates for VLBW infants. Local instructors trained ...
Urquia Marcelo L - - 2010
Research on the health status of international migrants to industrialised countries in general, and on perinatal outcomes in particular, has assumed an interpretative model based on primary migration, characterised by one permanent cross-border movement from the migrant's country of birth. However, many migrants experience more complex migration patterns that may ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >