Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 940
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >
Richter L M - - 1995
The population under study in the South African longitudinal study of urban children and their families, 'Birth to Ten' (BTT), comprised all births during a 7-week period from April to June 1990 in Soweto-Johannesburg. Specification of the population base for the cohort was hampered by a number of flaws in ...
Madise N J - - 1995
The 1988 Malawi Traditional and Modern Methods of Child Spacing Survey data are used to identify determinants of infant mortality in Malawi. The logistic binomial analysis shows that socioeconomic factors are significant even during the neonatal period while the length of the preceding birth interval is significant in the post-neonatal ...
Babb P - - 1995
The key birth statistics for 1993, in Table E of the Annual Review on page 7 of this volume, show that: The total number of live births fell for the third consecutive year and was 673 thousand in 1993, 2 per cent fewer than in 1992, and the lowest annual ...
Bjerregaard P - - 1995
The high infant and child mortality in Greenland covers significant differences among geographic regions. In the capital, Nuuk, 14 of 1000 live born children die before their first birthday, in the remote communities of northern and eastern Greenland the figure is 45. An independently higher mortality risk has also been ...
Abdel-latif M M - - 1995
"Determining infant survival status in demographic surveys is of great importance in analysis of infant mortality. Missing data representing age at death in complete months and complete years, if any, will affect the accuracy of any related measurement. A computer programme to reduce the percentage of such missing data is ...
Sachdev T R - - 1995
Ahonsi B A - - 1995
Age variations in the influences of three sets of proximate factors on child survival in Ondo State, Nigeria, during 1981-86 are described. Biodemographic factors covary very strongly with mortality risks during the first month of life, weakly during months 1-11, and imperceptibly beyond infancy. Microenvironmental factors progressively strongly covary with ...
Guendelman S - - 1995
Previous studies suggest that infants of Mexican immigrants have favorable birth outcomes despite their high socioeconomic risks. These favorable outcomes have been associated with a protective sociocultural orientation among immigrants. A sample of 708 infants of Mexican origin was assessed to determine whether such health advantages at birth are sustained ...
Babb P - - 1995
The sharp rise in births outside marriage has been one of the most striking trends in fertility in recent years. Statistics from OPCS birth statistics and the Longitudinal Study are used in this article to summarise the main trends in births outside marriage in England and Wales. The differences in ...
Xu B - - 1994
The purpose of this paper was to study the sex differences in infant mortality and mortality before the age of 5 in China, and the differences between urban and rural areas on the one hand and urban areas of mainland China and Hong Kong on the other. Published data from ...
Vögele J P - - 1994
Infant mortality in Imperial Germany started to decline in urban areas from the 1870s onwards, whereas national rates did not decrease before the beginning of the twentieth century. Therefore, key explanatory factors determining the levels and trends of infant mortality are investigated in an urban context. These include the decline ...
Stupp P W - - 1994
In this article, a new methodology that employs parity-progression ratios to estimate the effect of female sterilization on fertility is described, and results using data from Ecuador are compared to those obtained using a previously existing approach that classifies women by marital duration. The methods differ in how they disaggregate ...
Adetunji J A - - 1994
This paper examines the effects of a child's place of birth, mother's education, region of residence and rural and urban residence on infant mortality in Nigeria between 1965 and 1979, using data from the 1981/82 Nigeria Fertility Survey. Infant mortality rates declined in all regions between 1965 and 1979. Children ...
Kunitz S J - - 1994
We show that Australian Aborigines living in North Queensland have had an impressive decline in infant mortality over the past 50 years. Since the early 1970s, much of the decline can be attributed to preventive and curative medical services. On the other hand, the growth trajectory of infants and children ...
Bohler E - - 1994
In a traditional, agricultural society in East Bhutan studies of infant and child mortality were carried out in 1984 and 1991. Mothers were interviewed regarding births during the preceding 5 years and deaths among these children. A significant fall in infant mortality rate (IMR) from 145 to 49 (P < ...
Tunçbílek E - - 1994
Turkey has a high rate of consanguineous marriage (21.1%), indicating strong preference for this traditional form of marital union. Social and cultural factors are especially important in marriages between first and second cousins. Fertility is high, the closed birth interval is long, and the sterility rate is low among these ...
Mturi A J - - 1994
According to the 1991/92 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey, a Tanzanian woman has, on average, 6.1 births before she reaches age 50, a decline of about one birth per woman since the early 1980s. The major proximate determinant of fertility is universal and prolonged breast-feeding. An analysis of the social ...
Siefert K - - 1994
This article reports findings from a study on infant mortality in Michigan's child welfare system. The findings indicate that postneonatal death rates for infants in foster care placement from 1980 to 1989 are substantially higher than those in the general population. Although infants in the child welfare system are likely ...
Espehaug B - - 1994
In recent years, considerable attention has been attached to the disquieting fact that infant survival is much lower in Norway than in Sweden. In the present study, comprising all live single births in Norway and Sweden during 1985-88, the observed infant mortality was 1.5 times higher in Norway than in ...
Hertz E - - 1994
Using data from United Nations sources we conducted an international comparison study of infant and maternal mortality rates and life expectancy at birth. We examined these three dependent variables in relation to a range of independent variables including dietary factors, medical resource availability, gross national product (GNP/capita), literacy rates, growth ...
Kintner H J - - 1994
"This paper applies regression decomposition procedures to the infant mortality decline in Germany 1871-1925.... Data concern 59 administrative areas at seven times. In contrast to contemporary less developed countries, little of this historical infant mortality decline is explained either by changes in the relationships between infant mortality and the variables ...
Nath D C - - 1994
The traditional preference for sons may be the main hindrance to India's current population policy of two children per family. In this study, the effects of various sociodemographic covariates, particularly sex preference, on the length of the third birth interval are examined for the scheduled caste population in Assam, India. ...
Fernandez E - - 1994
Trends in death certification rates from pancreatic cancer over the period 1955-1989 were analyzed for 25 European countries (excluding the former Soviet Union and a few smaller countries). In 1985-1989, rates for males ranged between 5.3/100,000 (age-standardized world population) in Spain and 10.3/100,000 in Hungary and Czechoslovakia. Other high-mortality areas ...
Kunst A E - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: This study addresses the question of whether inequalities in premature mortality related to educational level differ among countries. METHODS: Data on mortality by educational level were obtained from longitudinal studies from nine industrialized countries. The data referred to men between 35 and 64 years of age. The follow-up periods ...
Ananijevic-Pandey J - - 1994
To evaluate the level of health attained before the war started, premature mortality from all causes in the former Yugoslavia was analyzed by republics and provinces in two respective periods. Premature mortality, measured by the crude rate of years of potential life lost, fell from 12,762.6 in 1970 to 6,320.1 ...
Lee R D - - 1994
Change in marital fertility in 407 Prussian Kreise from 1875 to 1910 is modeled to depend on the gap between the number of desired surviving births, N*, divided by child survival, s, and the number that would be born under natural marital fertility, M, given the age at marriage. Some ...
Ruzicka L T - - 1994
"This paper examines developments in demographic methodology during the past decade or so. It focuses on methodological advances in the analysis of mortality of infants and young children, of adults, and on problems of mortality estimation in small populations. The other major areas reviewed here are related to the study ...
Walsh J A - - 1994
Each year, an estimated half million women die from complications related to child birth either during pregnancy, delivery or within 42 days afterwards. When pregnant women have complications, their infants are at greater risk of becoming ill, permanently disabled or dying. For every maternal death, there are at least 20 ...
Park C B - - 1994
We formulated a two-stage causal model for infant survival and applied it to data drawn from the 1987 Thai Demographic and Health Survey covering the fate of 5,074 index children. The following six variables were considered as the explanatory variables: maternal age, maternal education, birth order, preceding birth interval, survival ...
Mauldin W P - - 1994
What is the likelihood that each of the 37 developing countries with populations of 15 million or more in 1990 will reach replacement fertility by the year 2015? These countries have a combined population of 3.9 billion, 91 percent of the population of all developing countries. For this article, a ...
Pandey G D - - 1994
"This paper aims at finding out the socio-demographic perspective of...tribal and non-tribal females [in India] through a concrete pattern of field survey. The data gathered from 3,428 tribal and 2,447 non-tribal females have been analysed to examine the trends of differences in the status enjoyed by these women belonging to ...
Hoare K - - 1994
Malnutrition is common among young children in developing countries. Often it is caused by poor infant weaning practices. Karen Hoare describes a community-based infant weaning programme in The Gambia which adapted local foods to improve nutritional content. The project also resulted in the development of a simple but effective demonstration ...
Ren X S - - 1994
In the past several decades China has witnessed an unprecedented decline in infant and child mortality. While China's success in reducing infant and child mortality has been ascribed to the unusual level of government intervention, there is evidence that change and variation have been, and are, influenced by socioeconomic conditions, ...
Guinnane T W - - 1994
The Princeton project on the decline of fertility in Europe (the European Fertility Project) suggested that this historical fertility transition occurred virtually simultaneously in a wide variety of economic and social environments. This finding has been cited widely as evidence for an innovation/diffusion view of fertility transitions. We demonstrate that ...
Harris P D - - 1994
Gyrodactylus salaris has recently become a major pathogen of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar) in Norway. The survivorship, population age structure and pattern of insemination of G. salaris were studied to determine the extent to which this species reproduces sexually. The age-specific mortality schedule of G. salaris could be described by ...
Galloway P R - - 1994
"North Italy annual population and vital rates are reconstructed from 1650 to 1881 using series of vital event indices from many rural parishes and cities. Inverse projection is applied to the reconstructed series of vital events and population to generate annual age distribution, gross reproduction rate, net reproduction rate, life ...
Babu B V - - 1994
The Individual Fertility Rate (IFR), a measure of current fertility status in small and illiterate preindustrial societies, is estimated for five tribal populations from Andhra Pradesh, India. The Andhra tribes exhibit high individual fertility rates ranging between 49.62 +/- 1.76 (Konda Dora) and 66.63 +/- 3.16 (Manzai Mali) and fall ...
Craig J - - 1994
'Replacement level fertility' is a technical term which seems almost self-explanatory. However there are some important qualifications which make it a more difficult concept than might be supposed. Also, the relationship between replacement level fertility and zero population growth is complicated. The article explains why this is so and thus ...
Desai L - - 1994
Integrated interventions for child survival as carried out in community health project of SEWA-Rural, a voluntary organisation working in tribal area of Gujarat, were discussed. They were introduced in phased manner over a period of ten years. It throws considerable light on field problems and how they can be overcome. ...
Williams B C - - 1994
Western European countries achieve more favorable infant mortality than the United States. Most of the excess U.S. mortality occurs in the first week of life, largely associated with very low birthweight. European countries provide extensive social and financial support for pregnant women and families with young children. Prenatal and obstetric ...
Katzenellenbogen J - - 1993
Three decadal birth cohorts (1837-1846), 1870-1879 and 1900-1909) each of approximately 500 individuals, were constructed retrospectively through the parish records of the Moravian Mission at Mamre in the Western Cape region of South Africa. Nominative data collection techniques were used to determine the infant mortality rates (IMR), quinquennial mortality rates ...
McCormick M C - - 1993
Infant mortality continues to be a major public health issue in the United States. Although some preventive strategies for neonatal mortality are emerging for congenital malformations, notably neural tube defects, the prevention of preterm deliveries among disadvantaged populations remains elusive, suggesting the need for different approaches to women's health needs. ...
Kabir M - - 1993
"This study attempts to estimate by indirect estimation technique the levels of infant and child mortality in Bangladesh using the 1989 Bangladesh Fertility Survey (BFS). The levels of infant and child mortality obtained from the 1989 BFS indicate substantial improvements in child survival, although the fall in infant mortality has ...
Hagekull B - - 1993
The family situation for mothers, in three areas differing in degree of urbanization and an upper middle class control group, in Lahore, Pakistan was described. Area differences in socio-economic, family composition, and housing and sanitary conditions were investigated. Data from a longitudinal sample (n = 1476 newborns) were compared with ...
Boerma J T - - 1993
Demographic and health surveys are a useful source of information on the levels and trends of neonatal mortality in developing countries. Such surveys provide data on mortality occurring at 4-14 days of life, which is a sensitive indicator of neonatal tetanus mortality. We analyze birth history data from 37 national ...
Savitz D A - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: There is obvious potential for war to adversely affect infant and childhood mortality through direct trauma and disruption of the societal infrastructure. This study examined trends in Vietnam through the period of the war. METHODS: The 1988 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey collected data on reproductive history and family ...
Zenger E - - 1993
This paper studies the familial association of neonatal mortality in Matlab, Bangladesh and its relationship to birth-spacing effects on mortality. Findings show that familial association is strongest for siblings of adjacent birth orders. Moreover, birth-spacing effects on neonatal mortality are stronger when the preceding child has survived the neonatal period ...
Jalil F - - 1993
In this paper, details are given of a community based follow up study of four areas: a village, a periurban slum, an urban slum and an upper middle class control group living in and around Lahore, Pakistan. The aim was to characterize the determinants of child health in a rapidly ...
< 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 >