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Sirtautienė, Rasa
Background: Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disease affecting the formation of retinal blood vessels in the premature infant’s retina. Retinopathy of prematurity occurs when there is the cessation of normal retinal vascularization. Aim of the study – to review the development of the retina and its vasculature and to ...
Missana Manuela M Early Social Development Group, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, - - 2014
Reading others' emotional body expressions is an essential social skill. Adults readily recognize emotions from body movements. However, it is unclear when in development infants become sensitive to bodily expressed emotions. We examined event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in 4- and 8-month-old infants in response to point-light displays (PLDs) of happy ...
Simpson Elizabeth A EA Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Poolesville, MD - - 2014
Early caregiver-infant interactions are critical for infants' socioemotional and cognitive development. Several hormones and neuromodulators, including oxytocin, affect these interactions. Exogenous oxytocin promotes social behaviors in several species, including human and nonhuman primates. Although exogenous oxytocin increases social function in adults-including expression recognition and affiliation-it is unknown whether oxytocin can ...
Sjöblom Ingela I Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden; Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department Skåne, University Hospital, Lund, - - 2014
The midwife assisting a birth has a considerable influence on the woman's experience of the birth. The aim of this study was to investigate the experience of the midwife's professional skills among women in Norway, Denmark, Iceland, and Sweden who chose a planned home birth. All known home birth midwives ...
Leigh Fw F Chichester, - - 2013
Chopin was born in Żelazowa Wola in Western Poland. He had no formal piano tuition and one could say that his skill as a pianist was self-taught, close to a miracle. All his compositions included the piano; this was not a restriction for him. The illnesses that plagued him and ...
Grossmann Tobias - - 2013
Infants' ability to follow another person's eye gaze has been studied extensively and is considered to be an important and early emerging social cognitive skill. However, it is not known whether young infants detect when a social partner follows their gaze to an object. This sensitivity might help infants in ...
Karkee Rajendra - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to assess birth preparedness in expectant mothers and to evaluate its association with skilled attendance at birth in central Nepal. DESIGN: a community-based prospective cohort study using structured questionnaires. SETTING: Kaski district of Nepal. PARTICIPANTS: a total of 701 pregnant women of more than 5 months gestation were recruited ...
Babik Iryna - - 2013
Within-individual variability is such an apparent characteristic of infant handedness that handedness is believed to consolidate only in childhood. Research showed that manifest handedness is influenced by emerging postural skills (sitting, crawling, and walking). In this investigation, it was proposed that symmetric hand-use (tendency to acquire objects bimanually), rather than ...
Auerbach Marc - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are few data describing pediatric interns' experiences, knowledge, attitudes, and skills related to common procedures. This information would help guide supervisors' decisions about interns' preparedness and training needs. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe pediatric interns' medical school experiences, knowledge, attitudes, and skills with regard to infant lumbar ...
Pfandler Edina - - 2013
This study explored children's development in comprehending four types of pointing gestures with different familiarity. Our aim was to highlight human infants' pointing comprehension abilities under the same conditions used for various animal species. Sixteen children were tested longitudinally in a two-choice task from 1 year of age. At the age ...
Pereira Karina - - 2013
The literature is bereft of information about the age at which infants with Down syndrome (DS) acquire motor skills and the percentage of infants that do so by the age of 12 months. Therefore, it is necessary to identify the difference in age, in relation to typical infants, at which ...
Senju Atsushi - - 2013
The effects of selectively different experience of eye contact and gaze behaviour on the early development of five sighted infants of blind parents were investigated. Infants were assessed longitudinally at 6-10, 12-15 and 24-47 months. Face scanning and gaze following were assessed using eye tracking. In addition, established measures of ...
Mengesha Zelalem Birhanu - - 2013
The fifth Millennium Development Goal calls for a reduction of maternal mortality ratio by 75% between 1990 and 2015. A key indicator to measure this goal is the proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel. The maternal mortality ratio of Ethiopia is 676 deaths per 100,000 live births. Skilled ...
Simpson Elizabeth A EA Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, Poolesville, Maryland, United States of America ; Dipartimento di Neuroscienze, Università di Parma, Parma, - - 2013
Newborn rhesus macaques imitate facial gestures even after a delay, revealing the flexible nature of their early communicative exchanges. In the present study we examined whether newborn macaques are also sensitive to the identities of the social partners with whom they are interacting. We measured infant monkeys' (n = 90) lipsmacking and ...
Pickler Rita H - - 2012
The purpose of this analysis was to measure changes in preterm infant feeding skill between discharge and two weeks post-discharge. Data were from two samples - 22 preterm infants who participated in a non-experimental study of feeding readiness and 63 preterm infants who participated in a study of four oral ...
Gans-Lartey Florence - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: maternal mortality represents the single greatest health disparity between high and low income countries. This inequity is especially felt in low income countries in sub Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia where 99% of the global burden of maternal death is borne. A goal of MDG 5 is to reduce ...
Engel Caroline - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Bedside duplex/color Doppler sonography is used for a wide gamut of abnormalities encountered in the neonatal intensive care unit. This article emphasizes the use of bedside sonography for evaluation of infants with necrotizing enterocolitis, infants requiring line placement, and those in whom a diaphragmatic abnormality is suspected. Although the ...
Shteyer Eyal - - 2012
: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is not as widely used in children as in adults and is performed in few specialized centers. The aim of the present study was to review the experience of ERCP in children younger than 3 months in a national referral center. : A retrospective chart ...
Chi Ching-Shiang - - 2012
We analyzed the clinical manifestations, genetic mutations, treatment responses to l-dopa, and long-term neurologic outcomes in Taiwanese infants with tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency. From 1999 to May 2011, we enrolled six infants who had been diagnosed with tyrosine hydroxylase deficiency by identifying point mutations on the tyrosine hydroxylase gene. Two patients ...
Lee Yoon Jung - - 2012
PURPOSE: We prospectively determined the risk factors for renal scar formation after the first episode of acute pyelonephritis as confirmed on dimercapto-succinic acid scintigraphy in children younger than 1 year. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 213 infants with acute pyelonephritis were enrolled in the study. Infants with urological abnormalities ...
Mangano Joseph J - - 2012
The multiple nuclear meltdowns at the Fukushima plants beginning on March 11, 2011, are releasing large amounts of airborne radioactivity that has spread throughout Japan and to other nations; thus, studies of contamination and health hazards are merited. In the United States, Fukushima fallout arrived just six days after the ...
Matos Jesus M - - 2012
Acute limb ischemia (ALI) in infants is a catastrophic event. We performed a query of our database to determine those with ALI. Twelve patients were identified. The most frequent presentation was cyanotic limbs. Eleven patients were treated nonoperatively with anticoagulation. One patient was treated surgically with Fogarty balloon thrombectomy. There ...
Chalak Lina F - - 2012
To determine the frequency of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in preterm infants of 33 to 35 weeks' gestational age on the basis of physiological screening for perinatal acidosis and neurological assessment of encephalopathy and to correlate neurodevelopmental outcomes with brain magnetic resonance imaging findings. This retrospective cohort study included all inborn ...
Brown T C K - - 2011
Fifty years ago, a baby born at 24-26 weeks was not considered viable. It was a tragedy for the mother having carried it for so long. I witnessed such an event as a student. The scourge of premature deliveries was the lack of surfactant in many tiny babies. In general, if ...
Ocal Eylem - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Stridor, associated with vocal cord paralysis, in neonates with myelomeningocele (MMC) is a recognized symptom related to Chiari II malformation (CM). In most children, stridor appears after birth. Control of hydrocephalus, if present, and urgent decompression of the CM are recommended for treatment of these patients. Such management typically ...
Kolstad C K - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if there is a difference in mandibular distraction osteogenesis (MDO) treatment success rates and adverse outcomes in newborns, early infants, and older pediatric patients. DESIGN: Retrospective medical review spanning a nine-year period. Ten newborn (≤35 days old), five early infant (36 days-5 months) and eight older pediatric ...
Sasaki Jun - - 2011
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends renal ultrasound (RUS) and voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) for all infants after a first urinary tract infection (UTI). However, many congenital renal anomalies are identified by a prenatal US. At the present time, there are no data regarding the yield of post-UTI imaging among infants ...
Rödl Siegfried - - 2011
Continuous venovenous hemodiafiltration (CVVHDF) in infants is challenging due to a lack of specific and widely available technology. There is need for high precision of fluid balance and hemodynamic stability. The aim of this study is to report the first experience with the newly developed Prismaflex HF20 disposable set (HF20 ...
Chandran Roshith - - 2011
Sometimes anaesthesiologists come across rare congenital anomalies in their practice. The inherent complications associated with the disorder necessitate tailor-made approaches for providing anaesthesia to even seemingly simple surgical interventions. Here, we share our experience of anaesthesia management of an infant with congenital laryngomalacia and recently diagnosed osteogenesis imperfecta type 1 ...
Livshits Zhanna - - 2011
Context. Pediatric medication dosing and administration, faced with inherent challenges of dose to body weight adjustment and variable delivery vehicles, may lead to inadvertent errors effectively resulting in overdose. Zidovudine (AZT), a nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI), is a commonly prescribed medication to treat HIV-exposed newborns, with limited overdose ...
Patel Achal P - - 2011
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) hydrothorax is a rare complication of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS), and even rarer in the absence of shunt migration into the thoracic compartment. Because of the limited volume within the thoracic cavity, hydrothorax in infants can rapidly cause severe respiratory distress. The case of an infant with ...
Foo Ning-Hui - - 2011
Chylothorax is defined as abnormal accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the pleural space and is a rare condition in neonates. Chylothorax causes respiratory and nutritional problems and a significant mortality rate. Octreotide is a long-acting somatostatin analog that can reduce lymphatic fluid production and has been used as a new ...
Hansen Thor Willy Ruud - - 2011
Many advances have occurred in clinical medicine in the last decades. Solid organ transplants, corrective surgery for congenital malformations, improved cytostatic regimes for children with cancer, and respiratory care for premature infants are but a few examples of the changing face of medical practice. Such changes have added years to ...
Demirturk Orhan - - 2011
Minithoracotomy for extrapleural closure of the patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in seriously ill patients offers a fast and less invasive alternative to conventional transpleural ductal closure. This study reports the immediate postoperative clinical outcomes for 24 extrapleurally clipped premature infants presenting with congestive heart failure in high-risk comorbidity status between ...
Lu K D KD Division of Pulmonary, Department of Pediatrics, John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, - - 2011
There are few reports of cystic fibrosis (CF) diagnosed in premature infants. We describe the clinical course of three patients, from our neonatal intensive care units, who were diagnosed with CF, and discuss the existing literature and treatment considerations.
Bisht Veena - - 2011
Renal candidiasis is an increasingly common condition affecting predominantly premature infants receiving neonatal intensive care or term infants with urogenital tract anomalies. Multiple risk factors are usually present. Although rare, some infants develop an obstructive uropathy due to fungal balls, and this requires prompt detection and intervention to preserve kidney ...
Hüseman Dieter - - 2011
In asphyxiated term and near-term infants, therapeutic hypothermia increases survival without neurologic morbidity, and extending this new treatment to preterm infants is being debated. To investigate the association of low pH and base excess (BE) at birth or admission, as used as entry criteria in cooling trials, and evolving brain ...
Aydemir Ozge - - 2011
Abstract Glomerular function shows a progression directly correlated to gestational age (GA) and postnatal age in preterm infants. In preterms, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is significantly lower than in term infants, and it matures more slowly in the postnatal period. In infants with very low GA, due to decreased GFR, ...
Atis Alev - - 2011
Objective. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate late, 'at admission', Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) levels as a predictor of preterm birth in women with complaints of preterm labor or preterm painful contractions. Methods. Prospective cohort study of singleton gestations, 23-37 weeks, and symptoms of preterm labor. Primary end point ...
Dale Maria T Grønning - - 2011
PURPOSE: This study compared the well-being among mothers of children with congenital heart defects (CHD) with mothers of children without CHD (controls), at pregnancy and at 6 months postpartum. METHODS: We linked prospective data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa), conducted by the Norwegian Institute of Public ...
Aggarwal Sanjeev S Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Michigan, Detroit, MI 48201, USA. - - 2011
(i) To compare the ratio of right ventricular systolic to diastolic duration (SD/DD) in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and normal controls and (ii) to examine its association, if any, with outcomes in CDH.   Retrospective chart and echocardiographic review of consecutive neonates (<1 month old) with CDH and ...
Manu Peter - - 2011
Studies using death certificates have indicated an excess of sudden cardiac deaths among users of antipsychotic drugs compared to the general population, but they may have underestimated the presence of other known causes of sudden and unexpected death. To assess the causes and risk factors for sudden death discovered by ...
Chawla S - - 2011
Objective:To compare the admission temperatures, incidence of hypothermia and discharge outcomes of preterm neonates managed with Trans-warmer mattress (TWM) initiated in the delivery room (DR) and controls.Study Design:A prospective quasi-randomized controlled trial was performed between January and November 2009 on preterm neonates <32 weeks gestation. Infants in the intervention group ...
Chang Hung-Yang - - 2011
Renal calcification in preterm infants has been described frequently. The etiologic factors have not yet been fully clarified. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of and risk factors for renal calcification in our population. We retrospectively reviewed the charts of very low birth weight preterm infants ...
Ratchada Kitsommart - - 2011
Objectives. Evaluate the incidence of pneumothorax (PTx) and the levels of positive airway pressure (Paw) applied to very low birth weight infants during the first 5 days of life (DOL), after evidence-based protocols using early continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) and high levels of Paw (CPAP or mean airway pressure) were ...
Sanghi Gaurav - - 2011
Purpose: To study demographic profile of infants presenting as stage 5 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) at a tertiary referral center of North India Methods: A retrospective review of consecutive infants with stage 5 ROP from 1999-2008. Various parameters retrieved included the inborn (born at level III nursery of our institute) ...
Mizobuchi Masami - - 2011
Objective: To determine the time-course effect of a single dose of HC on arterial blood pressure in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs) with refractory hypotension during the first three days of life. Study design: A matched case-control study of a cohort of 116 infants born between 23 and 27 ...
Sahai Inderneel - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of the Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM), evaluate biomarker distributions and determine benefits of screening for the inborn errors of metabolism in Andhra Pradesh, India, using Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MS/MS). METHODS: The 4,946 newborns born during the period 2006-2008 in four major Government Maternity Hospitals ...
Lin Chia-Ying - - 2011
Early-onset sepsis (EOS) is the major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Maternal group B Streptococcus (GBS) screening and intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis (IAP) were implemented in our hospital in 2004. Our aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of the program and changes in pathogens and antibiotic susceptibility. The medical charts ...
Lin Angela E - - 2011
We describe an infant male of Cambodian background who has typical craniofacial features of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) embryopathy and a complex congenital heart defect (CHD) (double outlet right ventricle, mitral atresia, pulmonic stenosis, and total anomalous pulmonary venous return). Together with four case reports and the 20 patients included in ...
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