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- - 1993
Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Cooperative Group Reports from the 3- and 12-month follow-up examinations in the Multicenter Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity trial indicated a beneficial effect of cryotherapy in the treatment of severe retinopathy of prematurity. This report provides results from the 3 1/2-year follow-up examination on 92% ...
Freedman S M - - 1993
We compared the frequency of ovarian microcysts in girls with premature thelarche (n = 27) to that in age-matched control subjects (n = 24). There was an increased prevalence of detectable ovarian microcysts in girls with premature thelarche. The presence or absence of cysts did not correlate with basal gonadotropin ...
Rowland D L - - 1993
Previous research indicates that penile sensitivity is typically lower in men with erectile dysfunction than in age-matched controls. On the assumption that sensitivity might be greater in men with short ejaculation latency (premature ejaculation), the present research investigated penile threshold (sensitivity) to vibrotactile stimulation in men with premature ejaculation, erectile ...
Tomomasa T - - 1993
The aim of this study was to determine if erythromycin (EM), which is a potent motilin agonist, alters gastrointestinal motility in premature infants. Six infants who were born after 23-30 weeks gestation and weighed 825-1,408 g at birth were studied when 6-31 days old. Intraluminal pressure changes within the gastric ...
Ohmi M - - 1992
Pacemaker implantation in premature infants presents technical problems because of the relatively larger size of the pulse generator compared with their bodies. A new technique with which successful generator implantation was performed in 2 premature infants less than 2,000 g of body weight is described. The generator is wrapped in ...
Barak M - - 1992
The white blood cell counts of 84 premature infants were included in a retrospective study of 45 infants treated antenatally with betamethasone and 39 non-treated infants. A significant increase in neutrophil and immature neutrophil forms was found in the treated group when the drug was administered to the mother close ...
Mital P - - 1992
Women at risk of premature delivery were divided randomly into 2 groups of 80 each. Mefenamic acid 500mg 3 times a day or a placebo was given in a double blind fashion. Preterm delivery occurred in 15% of the treated group and 40% of the control group (p < 0.005). ...
Wright N M - - 1992
Premature infants have higher circulating concentrations of growth hormone (GH) than term infants. Previous investigations of these differences have used sampling frequencies of every 30 min with subsequent application of pulse detection algorithms, such as the CLUSTER program, to assess serum GH pulse parameters. To determine differences in GH secretory ...
Weakley D R DR - - 1992
Significant advances regarding understanding the etiology and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity have occurred in the 50 years since its discovery. Nevertheless, there is still a great deal to be learned. In spite of major technological advances in neonatal care, retinopathy of prematurity is a multi-factorial disease and probably cannot ...
Pitkänen O M - - 1992
Lipid emulsions for parenteral use are peroxidized during storage, indicating that the amount of the natural vitamin E in the preparations is inadequate. Peroxidation products in the lipid emulsion preparations can induce cell damage in vitro. The parenteral administration of lipid emulsions increases in vivo lipid peroxidation in adult and ...
Sluis K B - - 1992
By world standards, the selenium status of the adult population of Christchurch, New Zealand is low. To determine the status of infants undergoing neonatal intensive care, plasma and red cell selenium and glutathione peroxidase levels were measured in infants admitted to the regional neonatal unit. Plasma levels in all newborn ...
Kien C L - - 1992
In premature infants, a nutritionally significant proportion of lactose is apparently fermented in the colon to acetate. To estimate the rate of entry of acetate into the peripheral circulation, a model that takes into account extraction of gut-derived acetate by splanchnic and hepatic tissues was developed. Using a [1-13C]acetate orogastric ...
Ohkubo S - - 1992
Blood Spot 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone (17-OHP) concentrations in neonates, especially in premature babies, were determined in relation to 1) the gestational age at birth, 2) the equivalent age of gestation at blood sampling and 3) the birth weight. The 17-OHP concentrations were found to be higher with prematurity. Accordingly, the cut-off ...
Zolnierz M W - - 1992
Hospital pharmacies compound neonatal parenteral nutrition solutions for administration to premature infants until enteral feedings are tolerated. The majority of these solutions pose no problem for the hospital pharmacist to prepare. Occasionally, premature infants are prescribed low volume solutions that challenge the pharmacist to ensure the proper mixing and dilution ...
Evans O B - - 1992
A child manifested ocular myasthenia gravis at age 16 months which progressed to bulbar and mild systemic weakness over a 3-year period. The medical history was significant for premature birth at 32 weeks gestation and birth weight 940 gm. A review of reported patients with juvenile myasthenia gravis with adequate ...
Tissot J D - - 1992
The occurrence of monoclonal gammopathy in childhood is extremely rare. This report describes the presence of a monoclonal immunoglobulin in a 30 week old premature infant, incidentally discovered by two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) during an ongoing study of the plasma/serum protein development. Comparative analysis of the electrophoretogram of the ...
Karniski W - - 1992
Very little is known about the topographic distribution of the cortical somatosensory evoked potential in premature infants. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied to the wave forms generated from right median nerve stimuli over a relatively long sweep (483 msec post stimulus) at 16 electrodes in 53 infants with postconceptual ...
Wood R E - - 1992
Flexible bronchoscopy is a useful diagnostic and sometimes therapeutic tool in small or premature infants, just as it is in older children. Special diligence is required to monitor the child before, during, and after the procedure, and to choose the appropriate instrument. Procedures must be completed rapidly, because most premature ...
Leuschen M P - - 1991
A consecutive cohort of 87 infants (46 infants less than 37 weeks gestational age and 41 term infants greater than or equal to 37 weeks gestation) admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) and a convenience cohort of 27 term well babies at the University of Nebraska Medical Center ...
Calabrò M P - - 1991
This presentation reflects a case where broad and bizarre premature QRS complexes are preceded by sinus beats whose T wave is "abnormal," and seems to contain a premature P wave. A diagnosis of atrial extrasystoles with aberrancy thus could be entertained. The extrasystoles, however, are ventricular in origin. The pattern ...
Kaiser G - - 1991
Between 1982-1989 an extended craniectomy including supraorbital advancement was performed in 27 infants. Age ranged from 2.5 to 10 months (median 4.5 months). Six had a premature synostosis of the frontal suture, 11 a monolateral synostosis of the coronal suture and 10 a bilateral coronal synostosis. Eighty per cent had ...
Schutze G E - - 1991
The role of neutrophil complement receptors in the opsonophagocytosis of 10 strains of coagulase-negative staphylococci was investigated. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes from adults as well as term and premature newborn infants were tested with normal human serum, adult hypogammaglobulinemic serum, and pooled premature infant serum in an opsonophagocytic assay. Neutrophils from premature ...
Emmerson A J - - 1991
Circulating erythroid progenitors (BFU-E) in five anaemic preterm infants (haemoglobin less than 100 g/l) were about 2 and 4.4 times as abundant as in 10 preterm infants who were not anaemic and five healthy adults, respectively, and were significantly more responsive to low concentrations of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) than ...
Westwood N B - - 1991
We have examined a serum-deprived culture system in order to verify that it is suitable for the study of burst forming unit erythroid (BFU-E) progenitor cells from premature neonates. Optimum growth of BFU-E from premature neonates was observed with each media constituent using the same concentration as that previously described ...
Trese M T - - 1991
During the last year, ophthalmology has continued to benefit from an ordered approach to unraveling the pathophysiology and treatment of retinopathy of prematurity. Over the last year, new incidence and treatment information from the Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Study has been presented. The use of the indirect laser to ...
Johns K J - - 1991
We undertook a study of premature infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease to determine whether these infants develop retinopathy of prematurity despite a persistent hypoxemic state. Using the computerized registry of the neonatal intensive care unit of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tenn, we identified six premature infants (less than ...
Rusmah M - - 1991
Nine thousand and six hundred infants delivered in a maternity hospital were examined for the prevalence of natal and neonatal teeth. The prevalence among this group was noted. The teeth were the normal primary incisors that had erupted prematurely. The crown was normal in shape and size with very little ...
Ziegler E E - - 1991
During the first few days of life, the ill premature infant is usually subjected to acute semistarvation because the provision of nutritional support is considered cumbersome and unnecessary. However, the absence of readily recognizable adverse effects of semistarvation does not rule out the existence of significant short-term adverse effects, nor ...
Perlman J M - - 1991
Two premature infants exhibited an acute cardiorespiratory collapse shortly after receiving a 50-fold overdose of amphotericin B (AmB). Despite aggressive intervention both infants died. Serum AmB levels were double the normal therapeutic range. We speculate that two less well-recognized toxic complications of AmB involving the cardiac and respiratory systems may ...
Hagedorn M I - - 1991
Anemia in the immediate newborn period may be caused by hemolysis, by a failure of red-cell production, or by a combination of both. However, anemia of prematurity often is the result of hemolysis, of a lack of erythropoietin, and/or of nutritional deficits. Transfusion without a search for the cause may ...
Jones S - - 1990
The Premature Infant Home Intervention Program, a collaborative effort of the Visiting Nurse Association of Cleveland and Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital of Cleveland, is designed to provide family support and medical surveillance for high-risk premature infants, to ensure post-discharge wellbeing, and improve survival outcome during the first years of ...
von Stockhausen H B - - 1990
Serum concentration and urine excretion of aluminium were examined during intensive care in 26 premature infants receiving long-time parenteral nutrition. In addition, aluminium content was analysed in all fluids and medicaments used for intravenous therapy and oral feeding. Several fluids for parenteral nutrition and milk formulae were highly contaminated with ...
Gibson D L - - 1990
A recent population-based study in the Canadian province of British Columbia showed that, since the mid-1960s, there has been a significant increase in the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity-induced blindness in infants weighing 750 to 999 g at birth. To determine the impact of changing birth weight-specific survival on this ...
Brown G C - - 1990
Eighty infants with proliferative retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) were treated with peripheral retinal cryoablation. Among the serious systemic complications encountered were three instances of respiratory arrest and one of cardiorespiratory arrest. Recommendations that may help prevent these adverse systemic effects in premature infants include: (1) avoidance of excess subconjunctival anesthetic ...
Cohen H L - - 1990
Fenestrations of the septum pellucidum may be noted in hydrocephalic infants. This finding and its changing image was noted in six premature infants evaluated by neurosonography over time periods ranging from weeks to months. Breaks in the septum were noted to occur from 14 days to 23 weeks after the ...
Faix R G - - 1990
Endocarditis is an uncommon complication of disseminated candidiasis among premature infants, but has been recently reported to be almost uniformly fatal. The lone previously documented survivor required extensive surgical resection as well as prolonged systemic antifungal therapy. The present report details a premature infant who recovered from Candida endocarditis with ...
Higgins R D - - 1990
Retinopathy of prematurity is a disorder of abnormal retinal vascular proliferation, and one hypothesis for its pathogenesis involves abnormal activity of angiogenic growth factors in the retina. One of these, acidic fibroblast growth factor, is found primarily in retina and brain tissues. Its mitogenic effect is greatly potentiated in vitro ...
Kien C L - - 1990
A mattress and plastic bed for collection of urine and feces in premature infants housed in isolettes is described. The dimensions of the bed are 65.5 x 34.4 x 13.5 cm. A drainage hole is located 18 cm from the foot of the bed and midway (16.5 cm) from either ...
Annable W L - - 1990
In the March 1981 issue of the Journal of Pediatrics, Baley, Annable and Kleigman discussed the natural course of Candida endophthalmitis in the premature infant. We now have long-term follow-up on the three surviving infants along with follow-up on an additional eight patients. Though vitrectomy is routinely performed in adults, ...
Saito S - - 1990
The production of interleukin 6 (IL-6) was examined in premature neonates (48 cases, including 3 miscarried fetuses) and fullterm neonates (20 cases). The IL-6 production by mononuclear cells was measured after stimulation with Staphylococcus aureus Cowan Strain I (SAC), phytohemagglutinin (PHA) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The production in full-term neonates was ...
Parkman-Newton C A - - 1990
This study was undertaken to delineate the elements of the interleukin-2 (IL-2) system in premature newborns by quantitating IL-2 production and IL-2 receptor (IL-2R) expression and density in cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC) from 19 premature (estimated gestational age = 27-36 weeks, mean = 33.7), but otherwise healthy, infants and ...
Stolovitzky J P - - 1990
Acquired subglottic stenosis is a devastating additional burden for nearly 4% of premature infants receiving neonatal intensive care. The duration of endotracheal intubation is considered the most important etiologic factor. Surprisingly, most premature infants do not acquire subglottic stenosis. Infants with similar clinical characteristics and care have varying laryngeal outcomes. ...
Putet G - - 1990
Oxygen consumption (VO2) and carbon dioxide emission (VCO2) have been continuously recorded for 24 consecutive hours in 7 premature infants with a range of gestational age of 29-31 weeks at birth, and placed in incubators within a thermal neutral limit. These infants, submitted to continuous light, were fed every 3-4h ...
Gaynon M W - - 1990
Retinopathy of prematurity has reappeared in the neonatal nursery after largely disappearing 35 years ago. The major factor in its reemergence is the progressive improvement in neonatal care, resulting in salvage of infants who formerly would have been lost. Oxygen is now recognized to be but one of many interacting ...
Murray R D - - 1990
Oxidation of orally administered [13C]glucose and [13C]lactose and fecal recovery of malabsorbed substrates were determined in two groups of premature infants. Eighteen studies were performed with six infants at Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH); 24 studies were performed with nine infants at Columbus Children's Hospital (CCH). The two groups differed in ...
Walsh E - - 1990
Little information is available regarding pancreatic echogenicity in premature infants and neonates. We prospectively studied 65 patients (30 premature infants and 35 neonates) and compared pancreatic echogenicity to a control group of 25 infants and 35 older children. Pancreatic echogenicity was graded relative to hepatic echogenicity measured at a similar ...
Stap L J - - 1990
: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of prone and sitting on the heart rates, respiration rates, and arterial oxygen saturation levels of premature infants. The positioning device used for sitting the infants was the premature infant seat, an experimental seat developed by the principal investigator. ...
Haraldsson A - - 1989
Intra-uterine heart arrhythmia, postpartal respiratory insufficiency, bradycardia and hypoglycaemia were observed in a premature infant (37 weeks gestational age) delivered by a caesarian section. The mother had been treated with adequate doses of labetalol because of pregnancy-induced hypertension and her plasma concentration was found to be 89 micrograms/l one day ...
Hagedorn M I - - 1989
Care of the premature infant after an intensive care experience offers the pediatric nurse practitioner a myriad of challenges, depending on the infant's neonatal course. The focus of this series of articles is an overview of the common pathophysiologic, psychologic, and developmental problems that face the premature infant. This article ...
Dare F O - - 1989
In a 10-year period, 159 out of 16,825 total deliveries had premature rupture of fetal membranes giving an incidence of 0.94%. The condition poses a serious threat to both mother and the infant. Maternal infection increased exponentially with the latent period. The institution of an active management programme is suggested ...
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