Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 604
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Saling E - - 1997
For 25 years we have been engaged in programs for prevention of prematurity. In the initial stages we tried to use lists which might indicate increased risk of prematurity to select groups with higher disposition in this direction, and to initiate more intensive care with these patients. The earlier results ...
Dehaene-Lambertz G - - 1997
In order to assess whether neonatal complications have any impact on early cognitive capacities, premature neonates between 35 and 36 weeks of gestation were tested in a syllable discrimination task using a non-nutritive sucking paradigm. The sucking response to a change of syllable was negatively correlated with the presence of ...
Cylwik B - - 1997
C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were evaluated during spontaneous labour, in imminent premature parturition (IPP) and after preterm rupture of oocyst membranes (PROM). Increasing CRP level during spontaneous labour was found in 16.6% parturients. Elevated CRP level in patients with IPP makes it impossible to predict premature labour. In parturients with ...
Wheeler L C - - 1996
Retinopathy of prematurity is a condition that can be ameliorated for premature infants. Such intervention strategies include careful administration of oxygen in incubators through monitoring of blood gases, early detection of ROP utilizing the international evaluation of ROP diagnosis, and timely drug and surgical interventions for premature infants. These strategies ...
Alkalay A L - - 1996
Results of a national survey of the current use of steroids in newborns in 1993 showed that 95% of the neonatologists in the United States have used dexamethasone for neonates at risk for chronic lung disease. Dexamethasone therapy for a period of a week or longer is associated with suppression ...
Oreto G - - 1996
An electrocardiogram was obtained that was characterized by sinus rhythm with progressive prolongation of the PR interval not followed by a blocked sinus impulse. After a critically long PR interval, the QRS complex was followed by a premature P' wave, representing an echo beat, a manifest reentry in the atrioventricular ...
Quinn G E - - 1996
Retinopathy of prematurity is a disease that manifests soon after birth in the premature infant and may lead to a lifelong disability. More infants at risk for developing the retinopathy are surviving, and the ophthalmologist must be aware of possible vision abnormalities, such as decreased acuity, strabismus, nystagmus, retinal scarring, ...
Oppenheimer G M - - 1996
During the 1920s and 1930s, a number of physicians created model premature infant stations in select hospitals, arguing that medicine could successfully treat premature infants, most of whom could be expected to live normal lives. Most hospitals and doctors, however, remained indifferent to the special medical needs of premature infants. ...
Fledelius H C - - 1996
An analysis of the ophthalmic recordings from the pre-term infants born 1991-93 considered at risk of developing retinopathy of prematurity is added to three previous 3-year clinical surveys from the same Danish county. Out of the 203 subjects of the recent study 34 showed evidence of retinopathy of prematurity. In ...
Neu J - - 1996
The majority of what we know about the development of the absorptive process is derived from animal studies, studies in human fetal or stillborn tissues, and epidemiologic investigations derived from clinical experience. One can readily ascertain from this review that the absorption of nutrients in the intestine of the premature ...
Kennaway D J - - 1996
The emergence of melatonin rhythmicity was studied in 163 infants between 46-55 weeks postconception by monitoring the excretion of the urinary melatonin metabolite 6-sulfatoxymelatonin (aMT.6S). From this population, we examined the effects of gender, season, multiple birth, home birth, previous sudden infant death syndrome in the family, premature labor, spontaneous ...
Stathos T H - - 1996
Premature infants are susceptible to disease related to deficient dietary calcium intake. Studies in adults suggest carbohydrates can enhance calcium absorption. However, little is known about how carbohydrates affect calcium absorption in premature infants due to a lack of direct in vivo studies. We adapted the triple lumen perfusion method ...
Lee T C - - 1996
1. Theophylline is commonly used in neonatology for the treatment and prophylaxis of apnoea of prematurity, and during ventilator weaning. 2. NONMEM was used to study the population pharmacokinetics of intravenous and oral theophylline from retrospective drug monitoring data in 82 premature neonates, weighing < 1500 g at birth, and ...
Mbweza E - - 1996
In Malawi low-birthweight infants born prematurely risk developing health-related problems during the first four years of life and thus require intensive care. However, limited human and material resources place a heavy burden on nurse-midwives. Below some guidelines for improving the discharge planning process for premature infants, particularly in developing countries.
Mayayo E - - 1996
Fungal endocarditis in premature infants has rarely been reported; only 16 cases have been described. We present a fatal case of endocarditis due to Candida albicans in a patient requiring neonatal intensive care and parenteral nutrition via a central venous catheter; there were no preexisting pathological abnormalities. The patient had ...
Denne S C - - 1996
To determine to what extent intravenous nutrition can reduce proteolysis in very immature and normal newborns, and to assess the capacity of preterm and normal newborns to convert phenylalanine to tyrosine, phenylalanine and leucine kinetics were measured under basal conditions and during parenteral nutrition in clinically stable, extremely premature (approximately ...
Mueller C R - - 1996
PURPOSE: To review and integrate current multidisciplinary research literature about multiple sensory stimulation of premature infants. SOURCES: Computer search using CINAHL, MEDLINE, PSYLIT, SOCIAL SCIENCE INDEX and the topics "premature," "infant," "neonate," and "stimulation." Review of the results of the research and integration of findings for nursing. RESULTS: Overall, infants ...
Vauzelle-Kervroedan F - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: Cytochrome P450 III (CYP III) has previously been demonstrated in vitro in fetal liver. METHODS: A study was performed in 7 premature, 13 term neonates and 30 infants to assess whether or not maturation had any influence on CYP IIIA activity in children from birth to 1 year of ...
Rice C A - - 1996
Premature terminations are an inevitable if complex aspect of any therapy group, as they are of life. They can be destructive to the life of a group, and damaging to its members. It is possible, however, given proper preparation and thoughtful reflection, to make such premature endings effective. And sometimes, ...
Lacey J M - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Glutamine (GLN) is the primary fuel for rapidly dividing cells, yet it is not a constituent of parenteral nutritional formulas administered to newborns. The aims of this prospective, randomized, double-blind trial were (1) to confirm the safety of glutamine supplementation for premature infants and (2) to examine the effects ...
Berry S M - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: At birth the fetus emerges from a sterile environment into a nonsterile one. This process is associated with activation of the fetal immune system which protects the fetus against infection in the newborn period. We conducted this study to determine whether activation of the monocyte-neutrophil system occurs in fetuses ...
Giacoia G P - - 1995
Rectal bleeding is not uncommon in newborn infants. Anal fissures are regarded as the most common cause. We report two cases in which the presence of an anal fissure delayed the diagnosis of nonspecific colitis in premature infants. Rectosigmoidoscopic and biopsy findings are discussed with regard to the heterogeneous group ...
Fanconi S - - 1995
To study the effects of muscle paralysis on joint mobility, we compared eight premature infants treated with pancuronium bromide with a control group. A significant reduction was observed in hip and knee flexion, and in ankle dorsal extension, which tended to resolve in time. We conclude that muscle paralysis reduces ...
Rebuck N - - 1995
The functional deficits of neonatal neutrophils are well documented and are thought to contribute to the increased susceptibility of newborn infants to infection. We measured the adhesion molecules L-selectin, CD11a/CD18 and CD11b/CD18 on neutrophils from the cord blood of term (n = 22) and premature (n = 32) infants using ...
Mo?se A A - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To determine if antenatal steroids decrease the amount of blood pressure support required by extremely premature infants between 23 and 27 weeks' gestation. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Texas Children's Hospital neonatal intensive care unit from January 1986 to December 1991. PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred forty premature infants between 23 ...
Johnston C C - - 1995
The ability of very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants to respond differentially to real versus a sham heelstick conditions was examined in this crossover study. Using a multidimensional assessment of responses of premature infants (n = 48) between 26 and 31 weeks gestational age (GA) at the time of ...
Puntis J W - - 1995
At 22 weeks gestation, a fetus received a stab wound to the abdomen when the mother was subjected to a knife attack. Premature labour followed 2.5 weeks later. The baby received full intensive care, but died at 4.5 months of age from complications directly related to the premature birth. The ...
Viña J - - 1995
There are conflicting reports in the literature as to whether L-cysteine is an essential amino acid in premature infants as the result of the absence of hepatic cystathionase activity. To analyze the physiological importance of the cystathionase deficiency, we studied sulfur amino acid metabolism in human neonates of different gestational ...
Hall J G - - 1995
We studied clinical correlates of retinopathy of prematurity in four surviving quintuplets with similar low birth weights and gestational age of 27 weeks. Prospective serial ophthalmoscopic examinations and retrospective chart analysis were used. Retinopathy of prematurity varied among the neonates from stage 2 with total regression to threshold progressing to ...
Hayward A R - - 1995
The responder cell frequency (RCF) of premature (< 1900 g birth weight) infants' blood lymphocytes, which proliferate in cultures stimulated by staphylococcal enterotoxin B, falls from 1:3400 to about 1:8000 during the first 2 wk of life. Term infants, in contrast, show no fall in RCF. The reduced RCF in ...
Wandstrat T L - - 1995
OBJECTIVE: To review and evaluate current research on the use of recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) for the treatment of anemia of prematurity (AOP). DATA SOURCES: A MEDLINE search (1985-September 1994) was used to identify and retrieve pertinent data about erythropoietin's use in premature neonates. Bibliographies in the relevant literature and ...
Kowalewska-Kantecka B - - 1995
The level of motilin in umbilical plasma was studied in a group of 25 newborns--16 prematurely born and 9 term-born. No statistically significant changes were noted in either studied groups. The results indicate intensive maturation processes of the gastrointestinal tract of the fetus, which prepare for enteral feeding in case ...
Mets M B - - 1995
Light-adapted and dark-adapted electroretinograms were obtained in 27 premature infants who were screened for retinopathy of prematurity shortly after birth. Thirteen showed no retinopathy and 13 had mild to moderate retinopathy, which ranged from stage I, zone III (International Classification) to stage III, zone II. Measurements were made during the ...
de Boissieu D - - 1995
Using the infusion of D-(-)-3-hydroxy-[1,2,3,4,-13C4]butyrate at tracer doses, we measured total ketone body turnover in 13 premature and 10 at term infants in the first 2 weeks after birth. The premature infants received parenteral and/or oral feeding. The normal newborns were either recently fed or briefly fasting. The premature and ...
Flynn J T - - 1995
In any discussion of the eye problems of the premature retinopathy of prematurity is today the major problem. Four areas where progress is needed suggest themselves. Further work needs to be done on the International Classification of Retinopathy of Prematurity (ICROP), particularly with regard to Zone 2 disease where 75% ...
Davis D W - - 1994
Premature infants stepped on a treadmill as early as 1-month corrected age and they performed more coordinated alternate steps than their full-term peers. Twelve low-risk premature infants were observed at 1-, 6- and 9-months corrected-age. The infants were supported on a treadmill for five 20-s trials at three speeds. The ...
Amin A - - 1994
A case of calcification of the umbilical vein in a premature infant with nephrocalcinosis and cholelithiasis is described. Such an association might have resulted from prematurity, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, umbilical vein catheterization, total parenteral nutrition, and furosemide therapy. Follow-up ultrasound examination at 9 months of age revealed spontaneous resolution of calcification ...
Seiberth V - - 1994
Bright continuous light has been implicated in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity. To investigate the influence of light on the incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity, we enrolled 127 preterm infants (birth weight < or = 1,500 g; gestational age < or = 32 weeks) in a controlled ...
Varsila E - - 1994
To examine the role of immaturity in the free radical-mediated rate of lipid peroxidation in premature infants, we studied 27 infants [gestational age, 27.1 (SD 2.4) wk; birth weight, 970 (SD 330) g]. Ethane and pentane were quantitated in expired air during the first 18 d of life. During the ...
Quinn G E - - 1994
Retinopathy of prematurity continues to be a formidable problem for the premature infant, his or her family, and physicians and nurses caring for the child. In the past year, advances have been made in screening for serious retinopathy and in our understanding of the long-term visual function of eyes that ...
Mizuno S - - 1994
To clarify whether administration of recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEpo) may have toxic effects on neutrophil production in premature infants, 10 low birth weight infants who received rHuEpo, 200 U/kg per week, were studied retrospectively. Treated infants were compared with 10 untreated infants. None of the infants studied had infection antenatally ...
Gonzalez M T - - 1994
Mean erythropoietin levels were somewhat higher in premature infants receiving theophylline than in untreated infants with a comparable degree of anemia. These results differ from those in adults and may reflect the oxygenation of the theophylline-treated patients or the developmental regulation of erythropoietin production in response to adenosine receptor antagonists.
Tanaka S - - 1994
Argon blue-green or diode laser indirect ophthalmoscope photocoagulation, performed through the transparent wall of an incubator, was used to treat threshold retinopathy of prematurity in two premature infants who were in poor systemic condition and could not be treated out of the incubator. Despite technical difficulties posed in one or ...
Saunders R A - - 1993
We studied the effect of topical anesthesia on infant stress and corneal haze during the routine eye examination for retinopathy of prematurity. Using a double-blind protocol, 55 premature infants weighing less than 1501 g at birth were selected randomly to receive normal saline or proparacaine HCl 0.5% eye drops as ...
Gallo J E - - 1993
The etiology of retinopathy of prematurity appears to be multifactorial. Introduction of new treatments in neonatal care may add new risk factors. We have analyzed the relationship between 42 perinatal factors and the development of retinopathy of prematurity in 78 infants with a birth weight < 1501 g and/or gestational ...
Metzger D L - - 1993
Pulsatile secretion of cortisol (F) has not been documented in the newborn infant. Using repeated blood sampling and deconvolution analysis, we investigated F secretion and elimination dynamics in a group of five premature (gestational age, 24-34 weeks) and five term neonates. These infants had required placement of an umbilical arterial ...
Eschenbach D A - - 1993
Evidence related to the association of Ureaplasma urealyticum with premature birth is reviewed. U. urealyticum is a common inhabitant in the vagina of pregnant women. It is recovered from the vaginas of approximately 70% of pregnant women. The presence of U. urealyticum in the vagina is not associated with premature ...
Oleinik E M - - 1993
Candida lusitaniae is emerging as an opportunistic pathogen in premature infants. Treatment of C. lusitaniae is challenging due to frequent resistance of this organism to antifungal agents and lack of standardized susceptibility testing for fungi. We report the case of a premature infant with C. lusitaniae osteomyelitis in whom treatment ...
Alkalay A L - - 1993
The ability to assess the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) without the necessity of collecting urine in premature infants would be of significant clinical benefit. In 1986, the modified Schwartz formula (MSF = 0.33 x length (cm)/plasma creatinine (mg/dL)) was developed. In the MSF, GFR was estimated in premature infants during ...
McNamara J A - - 1993
Threshold retinopathy of prematurity is a level of disease at which 50% of affected infants are predicted to go blind without treatment. The Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity Study has shown that this number can be halved with treatment. Cryotherapy, however, is stressful on the infant, leaves large scars, and ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >