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Results 251 - 300 of 602
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Standley J M - - 2000
This study assessed music as reinforcement for non-nutritive sucking of 12 premature infants born at an average gestation of 29.3 weeks and an average birthweight of 1111.9 g. At the time of the study, the infants' average post conception age was 35.5 weeks, and their average weight was 1747.3 g. ...
Baker J P - - 2000
The invention of the incubator in 1880 ignited a dramatic outpouring of popular and professional excitement over the prospect of reducing premature infant mortality. Yet the technology itself progressed slowly and fitfully over the next 50 years. The story is worth examining not so much from the standpoint of technological ...
Noriega N C - - 2000
Organochlorine compounds such as o,p'DDT can mimic estrogen effects. We compared the effects of o,p'DDT and six other DDT congeners to the effects of estradiol by comparing in vivo color changes in the reed frog (Hyperolius argus). Premature female color pattern induction in H. argus is specific to estrogens and ...
Dangio C T - - 2000
Preterm infants have immunological immaturities that may impact on vaccine responses. Larger premature infants mount immune responses to vaccines that are similar to those of full term infants, but very premature infants (<30 weeks' gestation at birth) have specific defects in vaccine responsiveness. The immunogenicity of diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis ...
Nemeth L - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The gastrointestinal tract appears morphologically prepared for oral feeding by the end of the second trimester, but many of the physiological processes required for efficient enteral nutrition are not developed fully until 33 to 34 weeks' gestation. Myenteric plexus is well recognized as an important regulator of peristaltic activity. ...
Fuentes-Afflick E - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Interpregnancy intervals are associated with the risk of low birth weight (LBW) infants, but the association between interpregnancy interval and prematurity is unknown. Our objective was to determine whether interpregnancy intervals were associated with the risk of premature infants and to define the degree of risk according to interpregnancy ...
Shah G K - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report the clinical and histopathologic findings of a premature infant with severe retinopathy of prematurity complicated by the development of an intralenticular fungal abscess. METHODS: Case report and literature review. RESULTS: A markedly premature infant developed Candida septicemia at 29 weeks postconception. Over the ensuing 10 weeks, cataract ...
Weigl J A - - 2000
INTRODUCTION: Candida arthritis in premature infants is a rare condition mainly treated with parenteral amphotericin B. CLINICAL PICTURE: Arthritis 9 weeks after birth. The infection resulted out of colonisation at birth and fungaemia at day 6 and day 13 of life. TREATMENT: Oral fluconazole for 6 months (5 mg/kg/day after ...
Mogyorósy G - - 2000
Endocarditis is an uncommon complication of invasive candidiasis. We present a fatal case of endocarditis caused by Candida albicans in a very low birth weight infant. The 780-g male infant did not have any structural heart disease and a central venous catheter was not placed. Endocarditis developed in spite of ...
Khoo B K - - 2000
PURPOSE: This study examined whether safe and effective mydriasis can be achieved in premature infants with heavily pigmented irides using combination cyclopentolate 0.2% and phenylephrine 1% eyedrops. METHODS: A prospective, randomized double-blind study was performed to compare combination cyclopentolate 0.2% and phenylephrine 1% eye-drops with triple instillation of tropicamide 0.5% ...
Ozbek S - - 1999
The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of transferred measles antibodies and seronegativity rates during early infancy in premature newborns whose mothers had infection-induced immunity. The premature group was composed of 22 and 35 newborns of gestational ages < 32 wk and > 32 wk, respectively, and ...
Campfield T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To measure variability among radiologists in the ultrasound diagnosis of nephrocalcinosis in premature infants. METHODOLOGY: In this prospective multicenter study, renal ultrasounds were performed on 54 very low birth weight infants using a 5.0- and 7.5-MHz transducer, and these ultrasounds were read independently by three radiologists. kappa coefficients were ...
Omari T - - 1999
Upper esophageal sphincter (UES) motor function has not been previously evaluated in premature infants. The motor patterns associated with tonic activity and swallow-related relaxation of the UES were recorded for 1 h after completion of gavage feeding in 11 healthy preterm neonates (postmenstrual age 33-37 wk) with a micromanometric assembly, ...
Perkins G - - 1999
A retrospective multicentre study comparing historical, clinical, haematological, acid-base and biochemical findings of foals with Equine herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1) infection, septicaemia or prematurity was performed to determine if early diagnosis of EHV-1 foals was possible. Fifty-three foals were studied and were assigned to one of 2 groups: herpes positive (n = ...
Boyd R L - - 1999
Endotracheal intubation of premature infants with respiratory distress is a commonly performed procedure in the neonatal intensive care unit. We report a rare complication of this procedure, shearing of the plastic sheath that is bonded to and surrounds the stylet used to assist intubation and lodging of the sheared stylet ...
Kisilevsky B S - - 1999
Maturation of spontaneous fetal body and breathing movements of 24- to 33-week-old fetuses in 168 pregnancies threatening to deliver prematurely were examined on the basis of newborn outcome (premature compromised, premature healthy, term healthy). Maturation of fetuses in 60 low-risk pregnancies delivering as healthy full-term infants served as a normative ...
Hao H - - 1999
Each year more than 250,000 infants in the United States are exposed to artificial lighting in hospital nurseries with little consideration given to environmental lighting cycles. Essential in determining whether environmental lighting cycles need to be considered in hospital nurseries is identifying when the infant's endogenous circadian clock becomes responsive ...
Oyatsi D P - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Reports of osteopaenia/rickets of prematurity are on the increase due to improved survival rates of low birthweight infants. OBJECTIVE: To establish the incidence of rickets of prematurity by the age of six months in premature infants born at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Newborn unit ...
Rodríguez J I - - 1999
We report on a 35-week gestation female fetus with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria (HGP). This patient, who is the first reported with neonatal HGP in the English literature but is the fourth, counting three previous French cases, supports the existence of a more severe prenatal form of progeria. She died 7 hours ...
Tueting J L - - 1999
PURPOSE: In contrast to full-term infants, premature neonates generate accelerated growth rates after birth in an attempt to "catch up" to normal weight-for-age levels. Because this catch-up ability is related to gestational age, the authors postulated that there would be significant differences in anabolic recovery based on the degree of ...
Böswald M - - 1999
Efficacy and pharmacokinetic parameters of imipenem/cilastatin (I/C) were investigated in a retrospective evaluation in 104 premature and newborn infants. Patients enrolled in this investigation constituted a particularly high risk group with extreme prematurity, perinatal asphyxia and amnion infection as well as various malformations. In 15 of the 104 infants serum ...
Paick J S - - 1998
Premature ejaculation is the most prevalent form of male sexual dysfunction, but its cause has not been well established. Recent studies have indicated that in men with premature ejaculation, penile sensitivity is increased. To investigate whether penile hypersensitivity is a cause of premature ejaculation, we prospectively evaluated the penile sensitivity ...
Lee G A - - 1998
Laser photocoagulation has become the standard for treatment of retinopathy of prematurity. In general, it has been found to be a safe and effective means of retinal ablation. We report a case of angle-closure glaucoma in an infant after diode laser treatment for retinopathy of prematurity, which required bilateral surgical ...
Peleg O - - 1998
A case of propylene glycol intoxication in a premature infant is reported. The infant went into a state of coma after treatment for burns with antiseptic dressings. Cessation of the topical treatment resulted in complete recovery. An exceptionally high level of the dressings' solvent, propylene glycol, found in the urinary ...
Gale R F - - 1998
The birth of a very premature infant with haemophilia A is a rare event. In this case report the problems posed in the management of a child with a factor VIII level of 0.03 IU mL-1 born at 28 weeks of gestation and weighing 1590 g are considered. The value ...
Carden S M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To describe two cases of zone III retinopathy of prematurity associated with macular folds and poor vision. METHOD: Case reports. RESULTS: Two premature infants with zone III retinopathy of prematurity developed clinically notable elevation of the neovascular ridge with macular folds and poor vision. CONCLUSIONS: Retinopathy of prematurity in ...
Yuen D E - - 1998
Supplying adequate nutrition to premature infants is an ongoing challenge. Common medical conditions that premature infants develop and therapies given to them can increase their nutritional requirements or interfere with the delivery of nutrients. This article outlines factors to consider when prescribing appropriate diet and nutritional supplements at hospital discharge.
Spady DW - - 1998
Objective. To determine reasons for and adequacy of follow-up testing of suspect results of metabolic screening in infants born in Alberta in 1992. Study Design. Of 42 392 live births, 41 553 infants were deterministically matched using birth registry data. Infants requiring repeat analyses were determined from notes made on ...
Reynolds J D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Hospital-nursery lighting has been suggested as a factor in causing retinopathy of prematurity. Despite ongoing debate, a causal relation has not been established. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized, multicenter study of the effects of light reduction on 409 premature infants with birth weights of less than 1251 g ...
Toyono M - - 1998
It has been suggested from animal and human studies that age-related alterations in left ventricular contractility occur. However, there is little information about growth-related changes in left ventricular performance from preterm infants to older children. In 22 preterm infants, 23 fullterm infants, and 35 children, left ventricular contractility was evaluated ...
Trachtenbarg D E - - 1998
Medical problems associated with prematurity are frequently complex, and a multidisciplinary approach is often required. Some common problems include the following: (1) anemia, which can be reduced by iron supplementation, (2) cerebral palsy or mental retardation as a result of intraventricular hemorrhage or periventricular leukomalacia, (3) respiratory problems, including bronchopulmonary ...
Zieger B - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The number of reports on the sonomorphology of the urachus or urachal remnants in neonates and the pattern of involution is limited. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a sonographically visible urachus in the first months of life is a pathologic condition and whether postnatal involution can be demonstrated by ultrasound. ...
Premji S S - - 1998
The nutritional management of premature infants is a challenging area for neonatal clinicians for a number of reasons. These include lack of knowledge about when, what, and how to feed; limited clinical experience; and wide variations in practice. New practices in the nutritional management of premature infants must take into ...
Bremer D L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To present the 3- and 12-month strabismus data from 3030 premature infants with birth weights less than 1251 g enrolled in the Multicenter Trial of Cryotherapy for Retinopathy of Prematurity. DESIGN: Data from the 3- and 12-month examinations conducted at 23 regional study centers were tabulated for all infants. ...
- - 1998
Because one premature infant can easily cost your health system $50,000, initiating management strategies for prematurity can save millions. Three factors--early identification of high-risk moms, education, and case management for those at high risk--can help cut your prematurity rate. Steroids given to develop a fetus' lungs are effective after 48 ...
Blumenfeld L C - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine differences in incidence of retinopathy of prematurity between neonates of multiple-gestation and single-gestation pregnancies and to analyze differences in severity of retinopathy of prematurity among siblings of multiple-gestation pregnancies. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 149 neonates of multiple-gestation pregnancies and 691 single-gestation neonates screened for retinopathy ...
Hayes J A - - 1998
This paper describes a non-pharmacological stroking intervention which has been used with premature infants. This intervention is referred to as Touching and Caressing, Tender in Caring (TAC-TIC) therapy. Some of the beneficial outcomes resulting from TAC-TIC in healthy preterms are outlined, along with some of the initial findings from research ...
Ballach H J - - 1998
Symptoms of tree damage observed in Europe and overseas are often described as premature senescence. However, our own experiments with fumigated poplars have shown that the term premature senescence is misleading if undue emphasis is placed on features common to both normal and premature senescence. Consequently, the term should be ...
Saling E - - 1998
An urgent task for modern obstetrics is to reduce the number of unwanted very early prematures. Long-term impairments of these infants still occur too frequently. Ascending genital infections, particularly before 32 gestational weeks, are the most significant cause of prematurity. The best chance of preventing early prematurity is to employ ...
Wong J S - - 1997
Spontaneous corneal perforation in premature infants not due to birth trauma is a rare event, with only 8 cases reported in the literature. We recently encountered a case of spontaneous corneal perforation in an extremely premature infant born at 26 weeks of gestation. The mechanism leading to this event was ...
Battaglia F C - - 1997
Nutrition in the fetus and the premature infant is a rapidly changing field, not solely due to the acquisition of new knowledge but also because there have been major conceptual advances that have altered our approach to nutrition during early stages of development. This special report will highlight some of ...
Carson R J - - 1997
Premature labour is a major medical problem. At present, premature labour cannot be predicted. Premature labour cannot be prevented effectively at present. Currently used drugs are not effective overall in reducing infant mortality. There is a need for further research and the development of effective agents for the prevention of ...
Eliakim A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in premature infants ranges from 4% to 25%. It is surprising, however, that scant information exists regarding management of UTI in premature infants, particularly the need for radiologic evaluation of the urinary tract and the use of preventive antibiotic therapy after the ...
Conway G S - - 1997
The past 2 years have seen progress in our understanding of the process of premature ovarian failure with identification of molecular causes and clarification of the autoimmune targets within the ovary. With the knowledge that most women with premature ovarian failure have ovarian follicles on ultrasonography, we eagerly await the ...
Kobayashi H - - 1997
AIM: To establish normative values for the anterior segment in premature infants in relation to postconceptional age and birth weight. METHODS: Anterior segments were measured in 39 premature infants, 25 to 39 weeks' gestational age by use of ultrasound biomicroscopy and a muscle hook with topical anaesthesia. RESULTS: Anterior chamber ...
Fujitaka M - - 1997
To determine the relationship between biological active cortisol and its inert metabolite cortisone accurately in premature infants, serum cortisone and cortisol concentrations were measured by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) in a group of 232 premature infants and in a control group of 127 children and 88 adults. In the ...
Dresden S M - - 1997
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of infants are born prematurely each year. Their care involves special needs and can include the active involvement of a family physician. METHODS: The MEDLINE database was searched for clinical reviews and original studies on primary care of the premature infant for the years of 1991-1996. ...
du Plessis P J - - 1997
A premature infant with fatal zygomycotic necrotizing cellulitis is reported. Zygomycosis occurs as either an indolent or an acute fulminating form. Cutaneous zygomycosis is a fulminant form of the disease and affects mainly immunocompromised patients. Premature infants with perinatal complications are immunocompromised and therefore at risk for zygomycotic disease, including ...
Saling E - - 1997
For 25 years we have been engaged in programs for prevention of prematurity. In the initial stages we tried to use lists which might indicate increased risk of prematurity to select groups with higher disposition in this direction, and to initiate more intensive care with these patients. The earlier results ...
Dehaene-Lambertz G - - 1997
In order to assess whether neonatal complications have any impact on early cognitive capacities, premature neonates between 35 and 36 weeks of gestation were tested in a syllable discrimination task using a non-nutritive sucking paradigm. The sucking response to a change of syllable was negatively correlated with the presence of ...
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