Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 602
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Gauda Estelle B - - 2004
Apnoea and periodic breathing are the hallmarks of breathing for the infant who is born prematurely. Sustained respiration is obtained through modulation of respiratory-related neurons with inputs from the periphery. The peripheral arterial chemoreceptors, uniquely and reflexly change ventilation in response to changes in oxygen tension. The chemoreflex in response ...
Calafat Antonia M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Premature neonates who spend time in a neonatal intensive care unit may be at increased risk of adverse health effects from exposure to di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) because of their increased risk of high exposure, their small body size, and their physical condition. DEHP, a reproductive toxicant in animals, is ...
Greaves R - - 2004
Unusual genital appearances in premature infants can be easily mistaken for true ambiguous genitalia, with alarming consequences. The results of blood and urine tests carried out for premature infants can be misleading due to persistence of the foetal zone of the adrenal cortex. More importantly, misdiagnosis is devastating for the ...
Rivkees Scott A - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Many hospitalized premature infants are exposed to continuous dim lighting rather than to cycled lighting. However, we do not know whether dim lighting or low-intensity cycled lighting is more conducive to the development of rest-activity patterns that are in phase with the solar light-dark cycle. Thus, we examined the ...
Hein Guido - - 2004
Premature infants undergo intensive growth during the postnatal period. Adequate mineralization is dependent on sufficient intake of calcium (Ca) and phosphorus (P). However, Ca and P supplementation can be associated with some risks, for example development of nephrocalcinosis. We investigated pathophysiological risk factors in premature very low birth weight (VLBW) ...
Purdy Isabell B - - 2004
The premature infant may receive therapeutic glucocorticoid drugs while in utero or in the postnatal period. This article (part I of a two-part series) discusses the benefits and risks of in utero, or antenatal, corticosteroids (ACS) for the premature infant. Part II addresses the benefits and risks of postnatal corticosteroid ...
Deurloo J A - - 2004
AIM: To determine the morbidity and mortality of premature infants born with oesophageal atresia (OA) and to evaluate historical changes in morbidity and mortality over time. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of morbidity and mortality of all patients admitted for OA, with or without tracheo-oesophageal fistula, between 1982 and 2002. RESULTS: The ...
Hussain K - - 2004
Hyperinsulinism in infancy (HI) is an important cause of severe and recurrent hypoglycaemia in newborn infants. It usually appears in infants born at term, and only one case of its occurrence in a prematurely born infant has been reported as an incidental finding. This is a report of seven infants ...
González Santacruz M - - 2004
AIM: To study the relationship between the delay of herniotomy in the extremely premature infant and the rate of complications in comparison with full-term children. METHODS: A follow-up study of three groups of neonates operated on for inguinal hernia was performed. The groups were defined as: a) the short-waiting group ...
Ang Jocelyn Y - - 2003
A 4 1/2-month-old, 26-week premature infant with multiple complications of prematurity required a central venous catheter for venous access and antibiotic treatment of bacterial nosocomial infections. He developed tricuspid valve endocarditis with vegetation caused by Enterococcus faecium resistant to ampicillin, vancomycin and quinupristin-dalfopristin but susceptible to linezolid. He was successfully ...
Rifai N - - 2003
Post-traumatic neonatal chylothorax is a rare entity. Management includes medical and surgical treatment. We describe here a newborn who developed a severe chylothorax after repair of an oesophageal atresia. The chylothorax was treated successfully by a combination of argon beam coagulation of the mediastinum and fibrin glue application. However, the ...
Brumberg Heather - - 2003
Significant advances have occurred during the past 20 years in the understanding of the complex relationships of the environment, the developing gut-associated immune system, the bacterial flora, the barrier functions of the gut, and the effects of nutrient intake. These advances have produced a profoundly different way of interpreting the ...
Fujii Alan M - - 2003
Progression of pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) to single or multiple pneumatoceles is uncommon, but may be seen in extremely premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) on mechanical ventilation, after bacterial pneumonia and after suction catheter-induced airway trauma. While most premature infants with pneumatoceles are managed conservatively, mechanical decompression may ...
Noble Lawrence - - 2003
The past 20 years have yielded little success in reducing prematurity rates or decreasing the major morbidities of premature infants. Determination of interventions to decrease prematurity rates, and the development of methods to reduce premature neurologic damage, are the challenges for the next 20 years. With the advent of genetic ...
Holditch-Davis Diane - - 2003
At 6 months corrected for prematurity, 41 medically fragile prematures, 20 medically fragile full-terms, and 28 prematures without chronic illnesses were observed interacting with their mothers for 1 hr. Mothers of non-chronically ill prematures gestured to and touched their infants less, were uninvolved with them for a longer time, and ...
Hutcheson Kelly A - - 2003
PURPOSE: To investigate outcomes in premature infants with high-risk retinopathy of prematurity and secondary vitreous hemorrhage. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Patients were selected from a database of infants undergoing retinopathy of prematurity screening from September 1997 to November 1999. Infants with high-risk retinopathy of prematurity (zone I or posterior ...
Laventhal Naomi T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Vibroacoustic stimulation is commonly used in antepartum fetal testing and has known benefits. Although the procedure has been deemed safe, questions have been raised as to potentially adverse effects, and the adult cardiology literature identifies a link between abrupt sound stimulation and severe tachyarrhythmias. CASE: A fetus with premature ...
Henrich W - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: The influence a job--including its physical and psychological aspects--has on pregnant woman's chances of delivering prematurely. METHODS: Seven hundred and seven women who had given birth participated. Statements regarding her job and its stresses were obtained with a standardised questionnaire. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-seven of the 707 women ...
Heath P T - - 2003
AIMS: To document the immunogenicity and persistence of antibody to polyribosyl-ribitol phosphate (PRP) as well as the clinical protection against invasive Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) disease in premature infants immunised at the routine schedule. METHODS: Blood was obtained at 2, 5, 12, and 64 months of age from a ...
Cook Anne - - 2003
PURPOSE: This investigation studied the factors involved in the development of refractive error (RE) in premature infants unaffected by retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). METHODS: Premature infants enrolled in the national ROP screening program were recruited and examined at 32, 36, 40, 44, and 52 weeks' postmenstrual age. At each examination, ...
Yoshida Hironori - - 2003
Starches from kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L. cv. Toramame) seeds at the immature, premature, mature stages of development were examined. The starch content increased from 94, 219 to 265 mg per seed. Starches showed the C(a)-crystalline type composed of small (<5 micrometer) and large (10-35 micrometer) granules, with the large ...
Torres-Valdivieso M J - - 2003
The incidence of clinically apparent neonatal thrombosis is about 0.1 to 0.2% in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The optimal treatment modalities for neonates with thromboses are not known. We report on our experience with recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in a premature infant with an intracardiac thrombus.
Kohls Karen - - 2003
In this article, a doula describes one way in which she can honor infants who died prematurely.
Mildenberger Eva - - 2003
Nonoliguric hyperkalemia of premature infants probably results from a transient inhibition of membrane-bound Na+/K+-ATPase during the first 24 h after birth. We hypothesized that the endogenous digitalis-like activity of the serum of premature infants, which inhibits the Na+/K+-ATPase, triggered hyperkalemia. Serum concentrations of potassium ([K+]) and of the digoxin-like immunoreactive ...
Grammatikopoulos T T Department of Child Health, King's College Hospital, London, - - 2003
The occurrence of an intestinal perforation in a prematurely born infant following rectal administration of a calcium resonium resin prompted a literature review to determine whether use of resins in neonates was evidence based. This revealed that the results of anecdotal series suggested that resins were useful, but the only ...
Warren Inga - - 2002
The physical and social environment of the nursery is a direct and indirect influence on the development of premature infants. Qualities in the environment affect physiological stability and provide sensory experience that is relevant to brain development. Adaptation of the prematurely born infant to the unexpected surroundings of the neonatal ...
Eliakim Alon - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Determination of bone strength of lower extremities in very low birth weight (VLBW) premature infants with central nervous system pathology resulting in reduced unilateral spontaneous leg movements. STUDY DESIGN: Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) measurements of speed of sound (SOS) of the tibiae of both legs in three VLBW premature infants ...
Auden Steve M - - 2002
This case report describes a rare and potentially fatal anesthetic complication. It occurred during the care of a small premature infant as a result of improper use of medical equipment.
Hassan B B - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Antropyloric motility is important for regulation of gastric emptying and has not been adequately characterised in premature infants. AIM: To evaluate fed patterns of antropyloric motility in premature infants. SUBJECTS: Forty three healthy premature infants, 30-38 weeks of postmenstrual age. METHODS: Postprandial antropyloric motility was measured using a micromanometric ...
Lorenz Eva - - 2002
Premature birth causes significant health risks of the neonate and increases the cost for neonatal care. Urogenital infection, often caused by Gram-negative bacteria, is a known risk factor. Toll-like receptor-4 (TLR4) is the major endotoxin-signaling receptor and as such is crucial for the initiation of the innate immune response against ...
Lavoie Jean-Claude - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In view of the functional capacity of glutathione synthesis in premature infants, and because the availability of cysteine is one the rate limiting steps in glutathione synthesis, we hypothesized that the low glutathione levels in premature infants may be due to immaturity of the active cellular uptake of cysteine. ...
Brugada Josep - - 2002
A 32-week, premature neonate with incessant supraventricular tachycardia and hemodynamic compromise who failed to respond to antenatal and postnatal antiarrhythmic therapy underwent successful radiofrequency catheter ablation (RCA) of a concealed left free-wall accessory pathway when the infant was 4-days-old and weighed only 1,840 grams. At follow-up performed 60 days after ...
Standley Jayne M - - 2002
This meta-analysis on music research with premature infants in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) showed an overall large, significant, consistent effect size of almost a standard deviation (d =.83) (Cohen, 1998). Effects were not mediated by infants' gestational age at the time of study, birthweight, or type of music delivery ...
Haider Nadeem - - 2002
AIM: To evaluate the determinants of sonographic measurements of pyloric length and muscle thickness in infants with hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (HPS) and to determine whether infants born prematurely have proportionately smaller measurements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was carried out of 190 infants operated on for HPS at Bristol ...
Alexander Greg R - - 2002
While infant mortality rates have continued to decline in the U.S., low birth weight and preterm rates have dramatically increased. Although the combination of factors that underlies these trends has not been fully described, there is growing concern that an appreciable part of the rise in prematurity rates stems from ...
Carbonell-Estrany X - - 2001
Anemia of prematurity is a hyporegenerative anemia usually appearing after the second week, reaching highest intensity in the second month of life. It's normocytic and normochromic with low reticulocyte count. It has been attributed to EPO deficiency. The low EPO levels detected in premature infants and the proper response to ...
Schulenburg W E - - 2001
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the surgical-anatomical relationship of the neonatal conjunctival fornices to the globe in order to ascertain whether adequate cryotherapy is possible in infants with stage 3 retinopathy of prematurity using a trans-scleral approach without opening the conjunctiva. METHODS: Magnetic resonance (MR) scans of the orbit were performed on ...
Weinschenk N - - 2001
We report a premature infant with bilateral renal vein thrombosis and renal failure at 1 month of age who underwent treatment with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and heparin sulfate. Combination thrombolytic and anticoagulation therapy was complicated by an intraventricular and intraparenchymal cerebral hemorrhage without resolution of the renal vein thrombosis. ...
Cools F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Cisapride is used frequently in premature neonates as a gastrointestinal prokinetic drug. Concerns exist, however, about its safety because of its effect on the QT interval. Premature infants could be at higher risk for side effects because of their immaturity. This prospective study investigated the pharmacokinetics of cisapride and ...
Salsbury D C - - 2001
Physiologic anemia is a common and normal finding in newborn infants. In preterm infants, anemia of prematurity is the result of this normal physiologic process compounded by the morbidity of prematurity. Premature infants reach their nadir hematocrit sooner and at a lower level than term. This article reviews the physiology ...
Sarici S U - - 2001
A 2-month-old girl who had been born at 27-weeks' gestation was admitted for her screening examination for retinopathy of prematurity and given two drops each of cyclopentolate 0.5% and phenylephrine 2.5%. Approximately 2 h after completion of the examination, the infant had episodes of apnoea and vomiting. She was noted ...
Golovina E A - - 2001
Acquisition of desiccation tolerance and the related changes at the cellular level in wheat (Triticum aestivum cv. Priokskaya) kernels during normal development and premature drying on the ear were studied using a spin probe technique and low temperature scanning electron microscopy. During normal development, the ability of embryos to germinate ...
Hellstrom A - - 2001
Retinopathy of prematurity is a blinding disease, initiated by lack of retinal vascular growth after premature birth. We show that lack of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in knockout mice prevents normal retinal vascular growth, despite the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor, important to vessel development. In vitro, low ...
Warris A A Department of Neonatology, University Medical Center Nijmegen, The Netherlands. - - 2001
Nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSI) in premature neonates are an important cause of morbidity and mortality. The early and efficient diagnosis of a neonatal BSI and the differentiation between bacterial and fungal BSI remains a challenging task. We compared the clinical features and blood test results in preterm infants with proven ...
Saling E - - 2001
Prevention of prematurity and of low birth weight is--because of the associated increased risk of mortality and morbidity--one of the most urgent tasks of perinatal medicine. Whereas the rate of prematures all over the world does not vary very much (5-10%), the rate of infants born with low birth weight ...
Castro R - - 2000
Echovirus type 7 has been previously recognized as a virulent serotype in the premature neonate. However, reports of fatal disseminated infections have often been perinatally acquired from symptomatic mothers at the time of delivery. Nosocomial outbreaks in full-term and premature infants have been reported from newborn intensive care units; however, ...
Massaro G D - - 2000
Pulmonary alveoli are formed, in part, by subdivision (septation) of the gas-exchange saccules of the immature lung. Septation is developmentally regulated, and failure to septate at the appropriate time is not followed by delayed spontaneous septation. We report retinoic acid receptor (RAR) beta knockout mice exhibit premature septation; in addition, ...
McCourt M F - - 2000
Advances in perinatal and neonatal care have led to an increased incidence of survival of premature infants. Although most premature infants have normal outcomes, they are at increased risk for morbidity and mortality and require comprehensive primary care follow-up after they are discharged from the hospital. This article will review ...
Mooney M P - - 2000
Previous studies from our laboratory have characterized the craniofacial morphology and growth patterns of an inbred strain of rabbits with autosomal dominant coronal suture synostosis. A number of rabbit perinates from this colony have been collected sporadically over a 5-year period with premature interfrontal suture synostosis. The present study describes ...
McLean A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact on mothers and families of caring for a premature infant receiving home oxygen therapy (HOT). METHODS: Standard questionnaires were used to compare the functioning of mothers and families of 10 premature infants receiving HOT, 10 premature infants who were discharged from hospital on HOT but ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >