Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 604
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Klamer A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Adiponectin levels measured in neonatal dried blood spot samples (DBSS) might be affected by both prematurity and being born small for gestational age (SGA). The aim of the study was to measure adiponectin levels in routinely collected neonatal DBSS taken on day 5 (range 3-12) postnatal from infants. DESIGN: ...
Okamoto Junko - - 2007
Itraconazole is widely used to treat onychomycosis because of its significant therapeutic effects. An otherwise healthy 30-year-old man treated with itraconazole developed frequent premature ventricular contractions (PVC). He presented with a dry cough and palpitation. The results of 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) were essentially normal, but Holter ECG revealed 17,484 (18%) ...
Quiram Polly A - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Retinopathy of prematurity is the leading cause of childhood blindness in industrialized countries and is the fifth leading cause of bilateral childhood blindness worldwide. There have been new insights into understanding the factors involved in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity and related retinal detachment. This review ...
Siklar Zeynep - - 2007
AIMS: Functional ovarian hyperandrogenism (FOH) is considered to be a form of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) at adolescence. There are almost no data in the prepubertal period, although one of the earliest manifestations of PCOS is premature pubarche. Prepubertal girls with obesity or insulin resistance are also at risk to ...
Libera Aneta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the psychological condition of women after premature delivery, especially 1) the types of problems and negative emotional reactions associated with premature delivery, 2) ways of coping with difficult situation associated with premature delivery, and 3) the relationship between a sense of ...
D'Angio Carl T - - 2007
Preterm infants are at increased risk of disease and hospitalization from a number of vaccine-preventable diseases. However, these same infants have immunologic immaturities that may impact vaccine responses. Larger premature infants mount immune responses to vaccines similar to those of full-term infants, but very premature infants (<28-32 weeks' gestation at ...
Neu Josef - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The potential efficacy of glutamine and glutamate as nutritional supplements for premature infants was originally met with enthusiasm. Despite no evidence of toxicity in the clinical trials, the use of glutamine has not become routine. In certain studies, the benefits seem clear, whereas in others, benefits have ...
Kohl Christian D - - 2007
At the University Children's Hospital Heidelberg the concept of 'Developmental, Family-Centred, Individual Care of Premature Infants and Newborns' was introduced to support optimal growth of premature infants. This interdisciplinary concept requires cooperation of different specialists. A well operating communication is a precondition for such cooperation. As a patient's record is ...
Linder Rupert - - 2007
As a specialist Obstetrics and Gynaecology I then became a specialist also in psychotherapy, including: psychodynamic therapy, group therapy, hypnotherapy, and body-therapy. In the last nineteen years I have been working to integrate the medical and psychotherapeutic approach, including attention to psychosocial factors. After some years, I found our German ...
Krstevska-Konstantinova M - - 2007
Premature thelarche presents as an appearance of breasts and glandular tissue in girls before the age of 8 years. It is mostly a benign and transitory variation of premature sexual development. We evaluated a group of girls with premature thelarche for clinical and auxologic characteristics for a period of three ...
Ashworth Michael - - 2006
We present a male infant, born at term, who collapsed and died at 30 minutes of age. Autopsy demonstrated concordant atrioventricular and discordant ventriculo-arterial connections with premature closure of the oval foramen, which bulged markedly into the left atrium. Premature closure of the oval foramen is rare in the setting ...
Bizzarro Matthew J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The goals were to isolate and to estimate the genetic susceptibility to retinopathy of prematurity. METHODS: A retrospective study (1994-2004) from 3 centers was performed with zygosity data for premature twins who were born at a gestational age of < or = 32 weeks and survived beyond a postmenstrual ...
Karat C - - 2006
Prematurity is the cause of 85% of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) is associated with 30-40% of preterm deliveries. A case-control study conducted between July 2002 and 2003 examined the correlates and risk factors for PROM in Mysore, India. WBCs in vaginal fluid, leucocytes in ...
Tauzin Laurent - - 2006
Premature birth is a factor of increased blood pressure in adulthood. Little is known about the physiologic characteristics of the arterial bed in neonates. The aim of this study was to characterize in vivo the arterial compliance in neonates and its maturation profile in very low birth weight (VLBW) premature ...
Farhath Sabeena - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency of pepsin detection in tracheal aspirate (TA) samples of mechanically ventilated premature neonates and its association with feedings and methylxanthine therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Serial TA samples (days 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 21, 28 and >28 days) were collected from premature neonates receiving ventilatory ...
Kelly Michelle M - - 2006
Prematurity is the greatest single risk factor for death within the first year of life. The March of Dimes and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention define prematurity as birth before the completion of 37 weeks' gestation. In 2002, one in eight babies were delivered prematurely. This manuscript is Part ...
Carden Susan M - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe three low risk infants in whom severe retinopathy of prematurity developed. DESIGN: A prospective, observational case series. METHODS: setting: National Hospital of Pediatrics, Hanoi, Vietnam. study population: Premature infants in the neonatal ward. observation procedure: Eye examinations. RESULTS: Severe retinopathy of prematurity occurred in three infants. All ...
Carter Brigit M - - 2006
Diagnosis and treatment of severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) is documented in fetuses, term infants, and older children; however, there is very little information on its diagnosis and treatment in premature infants. When Duke University Medical Center's first preterm infant with a known SCID history was delivered, in June 1999, ...
Brown Mark S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Retinopathy of prematurity is a complication of premature birth that varies in its severity. The incidence and severity of retinopathy of prematurity at our perinatal center in a regional referral hospital changed substantially during 1995 to 1998 and presented us with an opportunity to examine whether there was a ...
Braz R R T - - 2006
The effect of ocular protection on the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity was tested in 188 newborns weighing less than 1600 g in a randomised controlled trial. No effect of ambient light reduction on the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity was shown.
Mateos-Corral Dimas - - 2006
We present 2 cases of acute acalculous cholecystitis, an extremely rare entity in newborns. A number of risk factors have been identified, such as inspissated bile, prematurity, sepsis, dehydration, total parenteral nutrition, medications, and Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide endotoxin. In our cases, gallbladder bile had positive bacterial cultures for E coli. ...
Tasman William - - 2006
PURPOSE: To provide information on retrolental fibroplasias (RLF), later known as retinopathy of prematurity. DESIGN: Review of the literature on the subject and a first-person account of what was then RLF by one of the authors (A.P.) who was involved in the earliest days in research regarding RLF. METHODS: MEDLINE ...
Pospíhilová Blanka - - 2006
In literature, plagiocephaly is defined as abnormal asymmetrical head shape with unilateral flattening of the anterior and/or posterior part of the skull. It is classified as synostotic or deformational. Synostotic plagiocephaly is the result of premature unilateral fusion of neurocranim sutures. Positional plagiocephaly is caused by asymmetrical intrauterine and/or postnatal ...
Lermann Viviane Levy - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of retinopathy of prematurity and the risk factors affecting very low birth weight infants at a neonatal intensive care unit. METHODS: A cross-sectional study investigating all newborn infants with birth weights < or = 1,500 g and/or gestational ages < or = 32 weeks, admitted ...
Kirwan Caitriona - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Central corneal thickness is significantly greater in full-term infants than in adults. Very little is known about corneal thickness in premature infants. METHODS: Measurements of central corneal thickness and horizontal corneal diameter were carried out in 35 premature babies (70 eyes) undergoing screening for retinopathy of prematurity. Initial measurements ...
Fukuda T - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the population pharmacokinetics of theophylline in very premature infants using the non-linear mixed effects modelling. METHOD: A total of 167 serum concentration measurements obtained from routine theophylline monitoring of 107 very premature Japanese infants were collected. RESULTS: The final pharmacokinetic parameters were CL (mL/h) = [6.98 . ...
Gulen Huseyin H Celal Bayar University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Hematology. - - 2005
Leukoerythroblastosis is a rarely observed disease characterized by the presence of leukocytosis, erythroid and myeloid blast cells in peripheral blood. To our knowledge, it had not been diagnosed in a premature newborn before the case we report have.A female baby weighing 1164 grams, who was born prematurely at the 29th ...
Quinn G E - - 2005
AIM: Retinopathy of prematurity continues to be a serious, but largely preventable cause of blindness and its detection and treatment is of increasing importance as survival rates of premature babies increase. This is particularly important in Medium Human Development Countries where the guidelines for detection used in the US or ...
Arca Marjorie J - - 2005
The vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system has become an accepted treatment modality for acute and chronic wounds in adults. The use of negative-pressure dressing has been documented in adults and, to some extent, in children. However, its use in premature infants has not been reported in the literature. The results of ...
Nishikubo Toshiya - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to examine the presence of motilin in the duodenal epithelial cells of premature infants of < 32 weeks gestation. METHODS: Specimens from 10 deceased infants (gestational age: 26.4 +/- 2.7 weeks and birthweight: 808 +/- 303 g) were examined as subjects. All ...
Goldman Armond S - - 2005
An epidemic of interstitial pneumonia principally involving premature infants occurred in Germany and nearby European countries between the 1920s and 1960s. Fatalities were due to Pneumocystis. Because the principal defenses against Pneumocystis are T cells, an acquired T-cell deficiency was postulated. A number of potential causes including malnutrition were considered. ...
Axer-Siegel Ruth - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the possible effect of in vitro fertilization (IVF) on early development of the eye in premature infants. METHODS: Biometric and keratometric values, intraocular pressure, and retinal vascular status were assessed in a cohort of 133 premature infants. These values were compared between premature infants conceived by IVF ...
Chung Mei-Yung - - 2005
Neonatal hyperammonemia is a medical emergency requiring a multidisciplinary teamwork for early recognition and early treatment. The causes of neonatal hyperammonemia vary. The transient hyperammonemia of the neonate (THAN) occurs mostly in premature babies, and the prognosis is usually better than for urea cycle disorders. Here we present a near-term ...
Kerestes Gordana - - 2005
AIM: To investigate whether prematurity itself, if not accompanied with serious medical risks, affects early temperamental characteristics, as measured by maternal ratings. METHODS: Mothers' reports on temperamental characteristics of 104 low-risk, healthy premature infants were compared with those from a comparable sample of 120 full-term infants. Mothers completed the Infant ...
Liao Sui-Ling - - 2005
Osteomyelitis is rare in the neonatal period. Many etiologic factors for causing neonatal osteomyelitis have been discussed in the literature; however, premature rupture of the membranes has never been emphasized. We report on a neonate with osteomyelitis of the right humerus infected with an uncommon pathogen, Klebsiella pneumonia. In the ...
Boonsiri Patcharee - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Free radicals have been implicated in the pathogenesis of some complications among premature infants. Even though ascorbate is an important anti-oxidant in human plasma, it can also act as a pro-oxidant at high concentrations in the presence of metal ions, which causes oxidative damage in premature infants. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Lee Inhae - - 2005
This study describes the emotional adjustment and concerns of 50 Korean mothers of premature infants from hospitalization through six weeks after discharge. Five themes emerged: self-blame, concern about the infant, reluctance to express negatives, fear of stigmatizing responses to the infant by others, and delayed joy in mothering. Three Korean ...
Riskin Arieh - - 2005
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cranial leaks in neonates are rare, and only four case reports have been published previously. Two of the previous cases were also in preterm newborns delivered at 30 weeks gestation. We present a case of CSF leak in a premature neonate delivered at 30 weeks gestation. Our ...
Grattan Mary Pope - - 2005
High-risk premature infants are likely to show altered patterns in the development of reflexes and postural reactions. This study used the Modified-Measure of Behavioral Laterality (M-MOBL) neonatal assessment to explore differences in reflex and postural reactions among 26 male and female high-risk, premature infants born between 23 and 26 weeks ...
Ahmad Omar F - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe retinal detachment with macular holes in infants with retinopathy of prematurity and the methods of surgical repair with their outcomes. METHODS: A retrospective review of 4 cases of retinopathy of prematurity and 1 case of retinopathy in a full-term infant that resembled retinopathy of prematurity, in which ...
Chang Mei-Ling - - 2005
Connatal tuberculosis is increasing in incidence and the mortality and morbidity of this disease remains high. We report a 27-week-old, 896 g female premature infant who had mild respiratory distress syndrome after birth. She developed signs of infection, progressive pneumonia and atelectasis which did not respond to mechanical ventilation and ...
Bidlingmaier Christoph C Department of Paediatric Haemostaseology, Dr. von Hauner's Children's Hospital, University of Munich, Lindwurmstrasse 4, 80337 Munich, Germany. - - 2005
The incidence of prematurity in Germany is about 10% and premature infants with haemophilia A (OMIM 306700) are in fact very rare. We report two new cases, one born in the 28th gestational week, weighing 1200 g with a factor VIII (FVIII) level of 0.03 IU/ml treated with bolus injections ...
Ton Yokrat - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and the degree of refractive error between the ages of 2 weeks and 6 months in premature infants without retinopathy of prematurity and to seek a correlation between refractive error and age at examination, birth weight, or gestational age. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this observational ...
de Róiste Aine - - 2004
This article provides a synopsis of a series of studies exploring the effects of TAC-TIC (Touching And Caressing-Tender In Caring) therapy with premature infants. Study 1 looked at the short and long-term effects and found enhanced mental development in the stroked infants at 15 months. In study 2 the physiological ...
Dieni Sandra - - 2004
Survivors of very premature birth face an increased risk of adverse motor, cognitive, and behavior sequelae. In order to understand the pathogenesis of these adverse outcomes, an animal model of premature birth and neonatal care in a species with a close similarity to the human infant is sought. In this ...
Renfurm Lorraine N - - 2004
Premature infants change from placental supply of mainly carbohydrates to an enteral supply of mainly lipids earlier in their development than term infants. The metabolic consequences hereof are not known but might have long-lasting health effects. In fact, knowledge of lipid metabolism in premature infants is very limited. We have ...
Ovali F - - 2004
Severe hypoglycaemia requiring more than 20 mg/kg per minute glucose infusion was seen in a premature infant. The infant was born to a woman with active tuberculosis, and she was on prophylactic isoniazid. Discontinuation of isoniazid resulted in prompt recovery of hypoglycaemia. Further pharmacological studies may be needed to establish ...
Yoder Bradley A - - 2004
We report an increased occurrence of fluconazole-resistant Candida parapsilosis after a 4-year period of antifungal prophylaxis in a premature animal neonatal intensive care unit. Although prevention of nosocomial fungal infections in premature infants is desirable, implementation of fluconazole prophylaxis should be undertaken with caution. Where such programs are in place, ...
Büyükyavuz Ilker - - 2004
A premature newborn with an enterocutaneous fistula after repair of duodenal perforation is reported to emphasize the therapeutic effect of octreotide in persistent fistula even in a very small infant. Our report showed that use of octreotide was safe even in premature infants with intestinal fistula. Close monitorization of biochemical ...
Talbot Jean A - - 2004
Contemporary family research studies have devoted surprisingly little effort to elucidating the interplay between adults' individual adjustment and the dynamics of their coparental relationship. In this study, we assessed two particularly relevant "trait" variables, parental flexibility and self-control, and traced links between these characteristics and the nature of the coparents' ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >