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Results 551 - 600 of 602
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Hamosh M - - 1978
Lipolytic activity was studied in gastric aspirates of 13 premature infants of birth weight 1,050 to 1,786 gm. All infants received a diet of infant formula fed by gastric tube. Gastric aspirates were collected after irrigating the stomach with 2 to 5 ml sterile saline before regular feeding. Lipolytic activity, ...
Fleischman A R - - 1978
Oral 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25OHD3) has been used to prevent early neonatal hypocalcemia. Thirty premature neonates were studied prospectively from birth: 22 premature infants constituted a control group, and eight were treated orally with 25OHD3 (2 microgram/kg/day) for five days beginning within the first 12 hours of life. Eleven of the 22 ...
Hindle N W - - 1978
A premature infant who was developing cicatricial retrolental fibroplasia, was given cryotherapy to both eyes. This stopped the progress of the disease in almost all areas of the retina. The infant died three months later of complications related to prematurity. A comparison between the inadequately treated areas and those adequately ...
Cuestas R A - - 1978
Thyroid function was studied in healthy premature and term infants between 12 hours and 3 months of age. T4 and FT4I followed parallel courses in both groups; during the first 45 days, however, the values were significantly lower in premature infants under 34 weeks' EGA than in term infants (P ...
Giacoia G P - - 1978
The interval from the beginning of the Q wave to the origin of the T wave (Q-oTc interval) and total and ionized serum calcium levels were measured in 27 full-term and 77 premature infants. The correlation between Q-oTc and total and ionized calcium levels was significant in both full-term and ...
Mousel D K - - 1978
Retinopathy of prematurity (retrolental fibroplasia) is once again a problem of major concern to neonatalogists and ophthalmologists. Infants of low birth weight and gestational age seem to be most at risk. The clinical course of the disease is reviewed and a classification, simplistic in its approach, is presented. The discovery ...
Moylan F M - - 1978
We describe 11 premature infants with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH). The syndrome is far more common than the single case report in the literature would indicate. All the infants had either asphyxiation at birth, intracranial hemorrhage, or meningitis. Of the nine children available for follow-up observation, ...
Rolschau - - 1978
A blind histological examination of placentae, with regard to placentitis, was carried out of 2 prospective, selected materials. The first consisted of 283 placentae, which were selected with regard to optimal obstetric outcome. The second consisted of 160 placentae, randomized from all premature and low birth weight infants in the ...
Boda D - - 1978
A study was made of the effect of a 3-hour incubation with inosine-pyruvate-phosphate (IPP) on the P50 values and 2,3-DPG contents of fresh blood and blood which had stood for 96 h, from healthy adults, term neonates, 1-2-week-old symptom-free premature infants and RDS premature infants. It was found that the ...
Mallet E - - 1978
16 premature infants with normal trophicity were studied during the 1st week of life using serum parathormone (IPTH) dosage and evaluation of renal tubule maturation by the effect of exogenous parathormone (PTE) on urinary elimination of 3':5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). As of the 1st day, IPTH levels reached or surpassed ...
Sugar M - - 1978
Consistent caretakers for premature neonates in the nursery become involved emotionally with them during their lengthy stay. This is apparent in the mourning reaction they have when the infants are discharged. This should augur well for the infants since the caretakers offer many modes of stimulation necessary to the infants' ...
Rubaltelli F F - - 1978
The blood concentration of S-adenosylmethionine in 18 premature neonates affected by hyaline membrane disease did not differ from that found in a control group of healthy premature newborns. However, these values are higher than those found in full-term infants: this fact suggests that the methionine cycle is active in both ...
Lawson K - - 1977
An increasing number of intervention programs are designed to ameliorate the "sensory deprivation" of hospitalized premature infants. However, observation of the premature infant's hospital environment every 15 min for 5 24-hour periods indicated that acoustic stimuli were clearly audible in over 95% of the observations, infants were handled during more ...
Boyer C - - 1977
Coagulation and fibrinolysis studies were performed on 64 newborns; 16 premature infants with hyaline membrane disease (HMD), 17 newborns with other forms of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) (8 of them were premature), 31 healthy newborns (11 of them were premature). All the babies were studied once in the first 48 ...
Block M F - - 1977
A double-blind study was designed to investigate the effects of antenatal glucocorticoids on the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in 128 premature human infants. There was a significant reduction (P less than 0.05) in the incidence of RDS in the betamethasone-treated infants to 8.7% compared to an incidence of ...
Lang D - - 1977
Serum concentrations and half-life times of digoxin were determined in ten mature and nine premature newborns. Median serum digoxin concentration was 2.3 ng/ml (1.2 to 3.5 ng/ml) in mature newborns and 2.4 ng/ml (1.5 to 4.5 ng/ml) in premature newborns. Median serum digoxin half-life was 35 hours (17 to 52 ...
Neese A L - - 1977
The use of theophylline in premature infants has necessitated the development of an assay applicable to samples under 0.1 ml. To accomplish this we have developed a radioimmunoassay for theophylline. The antiserum to theophylline has been characterized and found to be highly specific for theophylline and sensitive to 2 ng. ...
Flynn J T - - 1977
The changes occurring in retrolental fibroplasia were studied in 97 premature infants with fundus photography and fluorescein angiography. The macrovascular lesion of proliferative retrolental fibroplasia was identified as a functioning arteriovenous shunt. The microvascular abnormalities were capillary tufts, collaterals, capillary-free zones, and neovascular membranes. Regression was signaled by the ingrowth ...
Sugar M - - 1977
The onset of five early milestones was studied in premature and full-term infants. The milestones are: recognition of mother's voice and face, 3-month smile, following through 180 degrees, and two hand-eye coordination. It was hypothesized that premature infants would show delay in acquiring milestones related to time separated from mother. ...
Sugar M - - 1977
The onset of 12 milestones that occur from 6 to 24 months of age was studied in premature and full-term infants. The milestones are: sitting, crawling, teething, walking, pursuit of a hidden sound-making object, stranger anxiety, separation anxiety, "no" gesture, words, phrases, speech "no," and speech "yes." It was hypothesized ...
Swick H M - - 1976
Transillumination of the skull in infants is a simple technique which can be used to detect several major abnormalities of the central nervous system. The usefulness of transillumination has been limited, however, by the lack of standard techniques for its performance and by the absence of normal values, especially in ...
Emara S H - - 1976
Total lipids, total cholesterol, phospholipids and inorganic phosphorus were determined in the amniotic fluid of 36 normal and 12 premature neonates. Total lipids, phospholipids and cholesterol were significantly decreased in the premature patients and the extent of decrease was more pronounced in patients who developed respiratory distress syndrome. On the ...
Goldstein K M - - 1976
35 variables descriptive of birth and obstetric complications, prematurity, maternal discomfort, and demographic status were studied for a sample of 322 infants. Factor analyses of these variables resulted in 7 major factors that were used to predict developmental status at 1 year of age for 233 of the subjects. Factors ...
Peltonen R - - 1976
As the obstetrician attends to the mother and the pediatrician to the child, the placenta often tends to be ignored. Nevertheless, essential anamnestic information about the condition of a newborn infant, and especially of a premature, can be gained from careful scrutiny of the placenta and fetal membranes. This paper ...
Vollman J H - - 1976
Thirty-one neonates with early onset of serious group B streptococcal infections were observed in a four-year period. The mortality was 52%. Premature infants with clinical signs of respiratory distress syndrome were at highest risk of death; clinical signs of RDS were typical until apnea, shock, respiratory failure, and worsening of ...
Mehta N R - - 1976
A new photoelastic model system incorporating a simulated periodontal ligament sleeve around an experimental first molar has been developed. The system was used to visualize internal compressive stresses created by various premature occlusal incline relationships in both buccolingual and mesiodistal dimensions. When prematurities were applied singly and observed buccolingually, both ...
Papageorgiou A N - - 1976
A 6-week-old infant born prematurely had severe hyponatremia and other features of the syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). This disturbance was believed to be secondary to extensive bilateral pneumonia with collapse of the right upper lobe. Although this association has been recognized in adults, this is the ...
Breithardt G - - 1976
Sino-atrial conduction time (SACT) may be calculated from the difference between the length of the return cycle and the spontaneous cycle, using programmed premature atrial stimulation during spontaneous sinus rhythm. This approach to sinoatrial conduction assumes that sinus node automaticity is not changed by premature depolarization. In order to validate ...
Kirkpatrick S M - - 1976
The Hering-Breuer inspiratory inhibitory reflex was studied serially in a group of premature infants and in a group of term infants in the immediate postnatal period. The premature infants had a stronger inspiratory inhibitory reflex than did the term infants at birth; this reflex decreased with maturation of the premature. ...
Koh K S - - 1976
Prematurity is by far the commonest cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The management of premature labour is empirical because little is understood about the mechanism of labour. Effective uterine relaxant drugs have an important, albeit minor role. Phototherapy has reduced the complications of neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, and the beneficial effect ...
Tos M - - 1976
On 54 temporal bones from entirely normal prematures and newborn infants, children, and adults, 30,000 to 90,000 counts of goblet cells were done in different parts of the Eustachian tube and middle ear. In the Eustachian tube, normal prematures showed a very low density of goblet cells in all localities, ...
Pajor R - - 1976
An electronmicroscopic structure of the anterior vitreous surface of premature human infant cadavers at the age of six, seven and eight months demonstrated with replica technique is presented. A regular hexagonal structure has been found behind the center of the lens. Towards the equator of the lens this structure is ...
Cornell E H - - 1976
Stimulation has been given to young infants to prevent the development disabilities often associated with prematurity. A review of these experimental programs reveals a lack of knowledge as to the ecology of the premature infant. This is indicated in the assumption that premature infants are sensorily deprived and by the ...
Lisiewicz J - - 1976
N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase activity was determined in peripheral blood lymphocytes by means of Hayashi's cytochemical method in 50 premature infants born between the 21st and 37th weeks of gestation. The lymphocytes exhibited three types of enzymatic cytochemical reaction, i.e. granular, diffuse and mixed (both granular and diffuse). The total count of enzyme-positive ...
Dubois P M - - 1976
The stomach, duodenum, jejunum and ileum from 6 to 24 week-old human fetuses or deceased premature infants and from one totally anencephalic fetus were stained with antisomatostatin serum. The somatostatin containing cells appear in different segments of the gastrointestinal tract from the tenth week of gestation. The somatostatin-containing cells are ...
Buts J P - - 1976
A case of congenital chliride diarrhoea with functional ileus, early diagnosed in a premature infant of North-Africa parentage, is described. A short review is given of the clinical and biological manifestations of the disease in the newborn. Especially, the influence of parenteral therapy on the course as well as on ...
Lisiewicz J - - 1976
Scanning electron microscopic studies of peripheral blood lymphocytes showed that percentage of T cells was lower in four cases of premature infants born between 30th and 34th week of gestation when compared with that in four cases of term infants (18.6% and 39.9% counted from 956 and 1,379 lymphocytes, respectively). ...
Lisiewicz J - - 1975
Activity of beta-glucuronidase (GR) was determined cytochemically by the Hayashi et al. method on peripheral blood lymphocytes of 50 premature infants, born between 21st and 37th week gestation. The subjects studied were subtyped into group I (21st to 28th week), group II (29th to 33rd week), and group III (34th ...
Johnson J W - - 1975
We conducted a double-blind study to determine the efficacy of 17alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate in preventing premature delivery in 43 high-risk patients. Premature delivery did not occur in 18 patients receiving the progestational agent, whereas 41 per cent of the 22 receiving the palcebo had premature delivery (P less than 0.01). The ...
Parmelee A H - - 1975
Many explanations for the current findings of limited group differences between premature and term infants at comparable conceptional ages can be imagined that remain buried in the data as currently presented. For example, some prematures may indeed be advanced in many areas of behavioral and neurophysiological development, but this is ...
Littman B - - 1975
The association of peripheral nerve conduction velocity and conceptional age in premature infants is well established. However, the impact of premature birth on the rate of maturation of peripheral nerves is unclear. In this study a group of 119 premature infants and 32 term infants had nerve conduction velocity determinations. ...
Gordon H R - - 1975
Amniocentesis has assumed a major and increasing role in the proper management of highrisk pregnancies but the procedure is not without complications. This study was undertaken to compare the suprapubic with the periumblical or "small-parts"approach. A total of 308 amniocenteses were included. The suprapubic method had fewer failures and fewer ...
Emmrich P - - 1975
The development of pediatric intensive medicine in the past 10 years has today made it possible to carry out specific longterm infusion therapy even in severely ill newborn and premature infants. The present study discusses the various technical possibilities and indications for the introduction of a caval catheter in newborn ...
Greaves S J - - 1975
The concentration of hexachlorophene was determined in serial blood samples taken from seven premature infants washed with pHisoHex. Results indicated that after a single wash with 5ml of pHisoHex, blood concentrations reached a maximum of 0.75-1.20mug/ml two to four days after application. The results obtained in this study confirm that ...
Berger G - - 1975
The clinical, roentgenological and pathologicanatomical findings in 101 deceased premature and newborn infants, delivered in the years 1968-1971, have been studied by transferring the data on to punch cards for the purposes of comparison and analysis. A full or partial conformity of the X-Ray findings with the pathologic-anatomic diagnosis was ...
Roe B B - - 1975
In a 13-day-old, 1,300 gram premature infant with tricuspid atresia, a Potts-Smith anastomosis was successfully performed. We used a neurosurgical vessel clip, smaller than the smallest available vascular clamp, to side-clamp the descending aorta. This report appears to be the first of the construction of a Potts-Smith shunt in an ...
Csapo A I - - 1974
Plasma oestradiol 17beta and progesterone levels in 11 patients admitted to hospital for threatened premature labour of unknown aetiology were compared with those of women at similar stages of gestation whose pregnancy was normal. Oestradiol levels in the study group were slightly higher than in the normal controls but their ...
DeLong R - - 1973
Premature pupping in California sea lions has been noted on the breeding islands since 1968. Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyl residues were two to eight times higher in tissues of premature parturient females and pups than in similar tissues of full-term parturient females and pups collected on San Miguel Island ...
Fox H - - 1966
A series of six placental haemangiomata is described. Of these one was large and was associated clinically with hydramnios and premature labour. The remaining five were discovered in the course of a systemic examination of 500 unselected placentae. The literature on this tumour is reviewed and it is concluded that ...
PEARCE L - - 1960
The occurrence of hereditary premature senescence in a family of pure bred Belgian hares belonging to a rabbit-breeding colony organized for the investigation of constitutional problems, has been described. Representatives of 20 generations of the complex have been studied. The condition was a degeneration of variable degrees of severity and ...
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