Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1839
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Dorn Franziska F Department of Pediatrics, Philipps-University Marburg , Marburg , Germany - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the development of the circadian rhythm of the salivary cortisol in premature infants and its correlation with the onset of the sleep-activity behavior pattern during the first 3 weeks of life under controlled light:dark conditions. Furthermore, we investigated the influence of ...
Shalit Natalie N Joyce and Irving Goldman Medical School, Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Soroka University Medical Center, Beer-Sheva, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine the effect of the Day of Atonement fast (a 25 hours Jewish fast), on preterm delivery. Methods: A comprehensive analysis of all deliveries during the Day of Atonement and during the corresponding day a week earlier, between the years 1988-2011, was performed. Preterm delivery was defined as delivery before ...
Huang Yu-Fang YF Institute of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, National Yang Ming University, No. 155, Sec. 2, Li-Nong St., Beitou, Taipei, Taiwan; Department of Education and Research, Taipei City Hospital, Taipei, - - 2014
As the predominant environmental biodegradation product of nonylphenol (NP) ethoxylates and with proven estrogenic effects, NP is formed during the alkylation process of phenols. The purposes of this study were (1) to examine maternal and prenatal exposure to NP in Taiwan, (2) to determine the level of placental protection against ...
Holland Dominic D Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla2Multimodal Imaging Laboratory, University of California, San Diego, La - - 2014
The very early postnatal period witnesses extraordinary rates of growth, but structural brain development in this period has largely not been explored longitudinally. Such assessment may be key in detecting and treating the earliest signs of neurodevelopmental disorders. To assess structural growth trajectories and rates of change in the whole ...
Tumanyan Margarita R MR Department of Intensive Cardiology for infants with congenital heart disease, Bakoulev Scientific Center for Cardiovascular Surgery of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation, Roublyevskoe Shosse 135, Moscow, 121552, Russia, - - 2014
In clinical practice, the combination of congenital heart disease (CHD) with malformations of other organs occurs in about 10 % of cases, including chromosomal disease with heart defects, which are observed mainly with certain syndromes. In the Bakoulev SCCS (Moscow, Russian Federation), from 01.2005 to 01.2011, complete atrioventricular septal defect ...
Slaughter J L JL 1] The Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, USA [2] The Center for Perinatal Research, The Research Institute at Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Objective:To identify factors associated with bronchodilator administration to infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and evaluate inter-institutional prescribing patterns.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study of <29-week-gestation infants with evolving BPD defined at age 28 days within the Pediatric Health Information System database. Controlling for observed confounding with random-effects logistic regression, we determined ...
Reisinger Kostan W KW *Department of Surgery, Maastricht University Medical Center and Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute (NUTRIM), Maastricht, the Netherlands †Department of Pediatrics, Maastricht University Medical Center, and School for Oncology and Developmental Biology (GROW) Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands ‡School for Mental Health and NeuroScience (MHeNS) Maastricht University, Maastricht, The - - 2014
The incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is higher in formula fed babies than in breast fed babies, which may be caused by breastfeeding induced gut maturation. The effect of breastfeeding on gut maturation has been widely studied in animal models. This study aimed to assess the effects of breastfeeding on ...
Rowe Hilary E HE Lower Mainland Pharmacy Services, Surrey Memorial Hospital, Surrey, BC, Canada - - 2014
Linezolid, a broad-spectrum antibiotic used primarily for treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections, is the first oxazolidinone approved for clinical use. This is a case report of a 30-year-old woman who was exclusively breastfeeding her infant prior to taking linezolid 600 mg orally every 12 hours to treat a ...
Imataka G G Department of Pediatrics, Dokkyo Medical University School of Medicine, Tochigi, Japan. - - 2014
Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) develops via an immunological mechanism. We encountered a 10-month-old infant with a rare pathogenesis of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-related ADEM. The patients complaints were; protracted fever; counsciousness disorder; and affected cervical stability. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) 9 days after onset, revealed a disseminated lesion, suggesting ADEM. Pulse ...
Ohishi A A Department of Pediatrics, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu, - - 2014
We report herein a case of early vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in a neonate associated with maternal Crohn's disease. A female neonate was born at 37 weeks' gestation and weighed 2778 g. She developed broad purpura on her back on day 1. Laboratory data showed anemia, prolonged coagulation time and ...
Lynema Stephanie S Section of Neonatology, Perinatal and Pulmonary Biology, The Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Objective The aim of this study is to determine the validity and reliability of neutrophil CD64 in identifying infected infants and to evaluate the impact of this marker on clinical care. Study Design Neutrophil CD64 index was incorporated in 371 infection evaluations in 234 infants (ages 1-293 days) from 2005 to 2009 ...
Gur Ilan I Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Bikur Holim Hospital, Shaare Zedek Medical Center, Jerusalem, - - 2014
Background Diagnosis of late onset sepsis (LOS) in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants relies mainly on clinical suspicion, whereas prognosis depends on early initiation of antibiotic treatment. RALIS is a mathematical algorithm for early detection of LOS incorporating six vital signs measured every 2 hours. Objective The aim of this ...
Hornik Christoph P CP 1Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, NC 2Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC 3Pediatrix-Obstetrix Center for Research and Education, Sunrise, - - 2014
Supraventricular tachycardia is the most common arrhythmia in infants, and antiarrhythmic medications are frequently used for prophylaxis. The optimal prophylactic antiarrhythmic medication is unknown, and prior randomized trials have been underpowered. We used data from a large clinical registry to compare efficacy and safety of digoxin and propranolol for infant ...
Murphy Lindsey L Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA - - 2014
Providing breast milk is challenging for non-nursing mothers of premature infants. Early breast milk expression results in successful and longer lactation in mothers of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. This quality improvement initiative sought to increase the rate of early milk expression in mothers of VLBW infants and increase ...
Murase Masahiko M Showa University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo, Japan Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Neonatology, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Human Milk and Lactation, Cincinnati, OH, USA - - 2014
Factors associated with successful provision of mother's own milk (MOM) for premature infants in a Japanese neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) context are not well known. We determined the independent risk factors for low milk volume at day 4 postpartum and formula feeding at the time of NICU discharge. We ...
Lee Jan Hau JH 1Division of Pediatric Critical Care, Department of Pediatrics, Duke Children's Hospital, Durham, NC. 2Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC. 3Children's Intensive Care Unit, Department of Paediatric Subspecialties, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore. 4Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Duke Children's Hospital, Durham, NC. 5Department of Immunology, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, - - 2014
To identify risk factors for PICU admission and mortality of infants with complete DiGeorge anomaly treated with thymus transplantation. We hypothesized that age at transplantation and the presence of congenital heart disease would be risk factors for emergent PICU admission, and these factors plus development of septicemia would increase morbidity ...
Williams Timberly T Abbott Nutrition, Columbus, - - 2014
To compare infants' gastrointestinal tolerance of formulas supplemented with two different levels of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) versus a control formula or human milk. Healthy, full term infants (n = 180) were enrolled into this three-group controlled, double-blind, multi-center study and a concurrently enrolled, non-randomized human milk-fed group (HM) by eight days of age. ...
Carbonell-Estrany Xavier X Neonatology Service. Hospital Clinic.Institut d'Investigacios Biomediques August Pi Suñer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, - - 2014
Abstract Objective To evaluate the key risk factors for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalisation in 32-35 weeks' gestational age (wGA) infants. Methods Published risk factors were assessed for predictive accuracy (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [ROC AUC]) and for number needed to treat (NNT). Results Key risk factors ...
Zuccotti Gian Vincenzo - - 2014
A 8 months-old infant presented with acute onset of severe jaundice, anemia requiring transfusion and Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase deficiency. The infant did not take drugs, he did not consume fava beans, but fava beans DNA was found on pumpkin he consumed the day before jaundice onset. This is the first case ...
Gupta Prerna P Mycology Division, Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2014
Malassezia, a skin colonizer, is associated with multiple skin disorders in adults, and cephalic pustulosis and folliculitis in children. It can cause fungemia in infants and neonates. The time and pattern of colonization, risk factors associated with colonization and causing fungemia in children, are not well understood. The prospective cohort ...
Hmami Fouzia F Neonatology and Neonatal Resuscitation unit, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, - - 2014
Hyperekplexia is a rare neurogenetic disorder, frequently misdiagnosed in neonates with a risk of apnoea, asphyxia, and sudden infant death. We present video sequences of a male newborn, admitted on the second day of life to the neonatal intensive care unit, due to tonic-clonic movements. Following clinical and paraclinical investigations, ...
Velasco Roberto R 1Pediatrics Department, Rio Hortega University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain 2Intensive Care Unit, Rio Hortega University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain 3Pediatric Emergency Department, Cruces University Hospital, Barakaldo, - - 2014
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in infants less than 90 days of age. Many physicians admit infants younger than 90 days old because of their greater risk of developing invasive bacterial infections (IBI), secondary to UTI. The primary objective of this study was to ...
Lou Zixin Z Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, - - 2014
Although the breastfeeding initiation rate is high in China, exclusivity is low. Not having enough breast milk has been frequently reported as a reason for supplementing and weaning. The objective was to explore maternal perception of indicators and causes of self-reported insufficient milk supply (IMS) among a sample of southwestern ...
Dupont-Thibodeau Amélie A Neonatology and Clinical Ethics, Université de Montréal, Sainte-Justine Hospital, 3175 Chemin de la Côte Sainte-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1C5, - - 2014
Technological and clinical advances have reduced neonatal deaths and this study explored how the mode and timing of neonatal deaths has changed in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over ten years METHODS: We carried out a retrospective chart review on NICU deaths in 2000 to 2002 and 2007 ...
Iwegbue Chukwujindu M A CM Metals and Trace Organics Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Delta State University P.M.B 1 Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria; School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
The concentrations and profiles of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in commercially available infant formulae and follow-up formulae in Nigeria were determined with a view to providing information on the health risks to children from the consumption of these infant foods. The concentrations of PAHs were measured by means of gas ...
Lee Han-Na HN Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, 23 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 130-872, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
We describe successful transumbilical retrieval of a broken umbilical venous catheter in a 37-week gestation, 2530-g female infant on her 1 day of life under fluoroscopic guidance.
Borschel Marlene W MW Abbott Nutrition, Abbott Laboratories, Columbus, OH, USA - - 2014
Partially hydrolyzed formulas (pHF) represent a significant percentage of the infant formula market. A new whey-based, palm olein oil (PO)-free pHF was developed and a masked, randomized, parallel growth study was conducted in infants fed this formula or a commercially available whey-based pHF with PO. Infants between 0 and 8 ...
Soto-Rivera Carmen L CL Department of Medicine, Divisions of Endocrinology and Medicine Critical Care, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, - - 2014
Elevated thyrotropin (TSH) levels in critically ill extremely premature infants have been attributed to transient hypothyroidism of prematurity or non-thyroidal illness syndrome. We evaluated the hypothesis that relatively high TSH levels in the first 2 postnatal weeks follow recovery from systemic inflammation, similar to non-thyroidal illness syndrome. The study was ...
Gollin Gerald G Division of Pediatric Surgery, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, Calif., - - 2014
Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is diagnosed after the development of feeding intolerance and characteristic physical and imaging findings. Earlier detection of a subclinical prodrome might allow for the institution of measures that could prevent or attenuate the severity of the disease. Objectives: We sought to determine whether urinary intestinal fatty ...
Okike Ifeanyichukwu O IO Vaccine Institute & Clinical Sciences, St George's, University of London, UK Healthcare Associated Infections & Antimicrobial Resistance Department, Public Health England, Colindale, London, - - 2014
 Bacterial meningitis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in young infants. Understanding the epidemiology and burden of disease is important.  Prospective, enhanced, national population-based active surveillance was undertaken to determine the incidence, aetiology and outcome of bacterial meningitis in infants aged <90 days in the United Kingdom and ...
Paukner Annika A Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Poolesville, MD, - - 2014
In human infants, neonatal imitation and preferences for eyes are both associated with later social and communicative skills, yet the relationship between these abilities remains unexplored. Here we investigated whether neonatal imitation predicts facial viewing patterns in infant rhesus macaques. We first assessed infant macaques for lipsmacking (a core affiliative ...
Reveret M M Department of Pediatrics (Neonatology), Sainte-Justine University Hospital and Research Center, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Maternal hypertension and preeclampsia are associated with greater risk of hypertension in childhood, and cardiovascular events in adulthood. However, whether preeclampsia affects blood pressure (BP) in the newborn period is unclear. Previous neonatal studies were based on small sample sizes, very low birth weight or gestational age or limited duration ...
McMullen Sherri L - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to document the clinical practice of transitioning the hospitalized premature infant to the supine position and determine if hospital policy influenced practice.Design: This study was a retrospective medical chart review.Sample: The charts were reviewed from two urban hospitals that had Level III NICUs ...
Warncke G G Children's University Hospital, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Rostock, - - 2014
Therapeutic hypothermia is currently recommended for adult comatose survivors of cardiac arrest and perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. By contrast, current international guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation in children neither refute nor support therapeutic hypothermia. Here we report on a 4-month old infant who survived resuscitation for severe cardiopulmonary insufficiency without neurological impairments. ...
Saunders Carla C Pediatrix Medical Group (Mss Saunders and Cook and Dr Buchheit), East Tennessee Children's Hospital, Knoxville (Mss Saunders, Smith, Cook, and Edds and Drs King and Buchheit); and The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, College of Nursing (Dr - - 2014
An evidence-based, multidisciplinary neonatal abstinence syndrome protocol was developed using a stepwise continuous quality improvement (CQI) approach with the goal of standardizing care procedures for these infants. A retrospective secondary data analysis was performed to evaluate the differential effects of each step of the CQI project on 4 key clinical ...
Dalili Hossein H Breastfeeding Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
This study was designed to assess the frequency of exclusive breastfeeding in two health centers of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences in Khak Sefid, Tehran, Iran. A total of 175 mothers, referred for the third dose of their infants' DPT vaccination program participated in the study by completing a ...
Craighead Debra V - - 2014
To examine hospitalization and breastfeeding (BF) experiences for early-term (ET) and full-term (FT) infants to determine if differences existed between them. Retrospective descriptive cohort study. United States 2009. Stratified systematic sample of ET (n = 4052) and FT (n = 6825) infants. Infants whose mothers completed the Pregnancy Risk Assessment ...
Mastromarino Paola P Section of Microbiology, Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Lactoferrin (LF) is a natural component of human milk with antimicrobial, immunostimulatory and immunomodulatory properties. Several in vitro studies suggest that LF could promote an environment in the gut of neonates that favors colonization with beneficial bacteria. However, clinical studies on the correlation between the concentration of LF in breast ...
Bourchier David D NICU, Waikato Hospital, Pembroke St, Hamilton, New Zealand, - - 2014
Extremely immature newborns develop a self-limiting normal anion gap metabolic acidosis in early life. This study examined the natural history of this acidosis in a population of infants of gestation less than 26 weeks in the first 14 days of life. The acidosis was maximal on day 4 with a mean base ...
Petzoldt Johanna J Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, - - 2014
To prospectively examine relations between maternal DSM-IV-TR anxiety and depressive disorders and excessive infant crying. Based on the prospective longitudinal Maternal Anxiety in Relation to Infant Development Study, n=306 expectant mothers were enrolled during early pregnancy and repeatedly interviewed until 16 months post partum. Lifetime and prospective information on maternal anxiety ...
Ballard Philip L PL Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Objective Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) has been tested to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants, however, the role of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is not known. We hypothesized that levels of NO metabolites (NOx) and cGMP in urine, as a noninvasive source for biospecimen collection, would reflect the dose of ...
Scott Andrew R AR Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Floating Hospital for Children, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; Division of Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Floating Hospital for Children, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
To estimate the current birth prevalence of isolated and syndromic Pierre Robin sequence (iPRS and sPRS), including demographic variations. To assess for regional variations in surgical airway interventions for PRS, and to determine the mean length of stay (LOS), cost of admission, complication rate, and rate of associated procedures related ...
Schmalisch Gerd - - 2014
Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) is a marker of established airway inflammation in adults and children, but conflicting results have been reported in preterm infants when postnatal eNO is measured during tidal breathing. This study investigated the extent to which intubation and mechanical ventilation (MV) affect eNO and NO production (V'NO) ...
Pruetz Jay D JD Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles; Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Evaluate outcomes for neonates with critical congenital heart disease (CHD) requiring emergent neonatal cardiac intervention (ENCI). Neonates < 30 days of age that underwent ENCI at < 48hrs of age were retrospectively enrolled a 2-year period. 47 neonates met inclusion criteria for ENCI comprising 9 cardiac defects that underwent 25 catheterizations and ...
de Waal Reneé R 1.Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town. 2.Department of Paediatrics, University of Cape Town 3.Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch - - 2014
World Health Organisation guidelines recommend nevirapine 2 mg/kg/day for HIV-exposed infants <2kg, but 4-6 mg/kg/day for infants >2kg. In 116 low birth weight infants, nevirapine 2 mg/kg/day until 14 days, and 4 mg/kg/day thereafter, was safe (one mild possibly-related rash) and achieved target plasma concentrations. Concentrations decreased with treatment duration. Routine ...
Chávez-Servín Jorge L JL Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Campus Juriquilla, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Av. de las Ciencias S/N, Juriquilla, Querétaro, Qro. CP 76320, Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2015
Potential furfural compounds were examined by RP-HPLC-DAD in 20 commercial milk-based powdered infant formula (IF) brands from local markets from Paris, France; DF, Mexico; Copenhagen, Denmark; England, UK; and Barcelona, Spain. We traced the evolution of these compounds after the packets had been opened at 0, 30 and 70days of ...
Harrington Jennifer J Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, and The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Background:There is current interest in the maternal-fetal effects of antenatal vitamin D supplementation, yet little data regarding vitamin D's role in neonatal calcium homeostasis. We determined to assess the effect of high-dose antenatal vitamin D supplementation on fetal and neonatal calcium concentrations.Methods:In a double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial in Bangladesh, 160 pregnant ...
Karamlou Tara - - 2014
Given our large catchment area that often results in later presentation age, we sought to understand our institutional outcomes for the Norwood operation in the context of published data. Specifically, we studied whether operative and late death post-Norwood are dependent on age at operation. Retrospective review of 105 consecutive infants ...
Matsuo Nobutake N Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, - - 2014
The present study set forth the reference values for penile size and determined the prevalence of buried penis in Japanese full-term newborns. The stretched penile length was measured and the presence of buried penis was assessed at 1-7 days of age in 547 Japanese full-term newborn infants born between 2008 ...
Abu Jawdeh E G EG Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Objective:To test the hypothesis that the effect of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on intermittent hypoxemia (IH) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants is dependent on postnatal age.Study Design:Oxygen saturation of 130 ELBW infants, who required transfusion, was monitored continuously for the first 8 weeks of life. We compared ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >