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Murphy Lindsey L Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA - - 2014
Providing breast milk is challenging for non-nursing mothers of premature infants. Early breast milk expression results in successful and longer lactation in mothers of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. This quality improvement initiative sought to increase the rate of early milk expression in mothers of VLBW infants and increase ...
Murase Masahiko M Showa University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Tokyo, Japan Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Division of Neonatology, Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Human Milk and Lactation, Cincinnati, OH, USA - - 2014
Factors associated with successful provision of mother's own milk (MOM) for premature infants in a Japanese neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) context are not well known. We determined the independent risk factors for low milk volume at day 4 postpartum and formula feeding at the time of NICU discharge. We ...
Williams Timberly T Abbott Nutrition, Columbus, - - 2014
To compare infants' gastrointestinal tolerance of formulas supplemented with two different levels of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) versus a control formula or human milk. Healthy, full term infants (n = 180) were enrolled into this three-group controlled, double-blind, multi-center study and a concurrently enrolled, non-randomized human milk-fed group (HM) by eight days of age. ...
Carbonell-Estrany Xavier X Neonatology Service. Hospital Clinic.Institut d'Investigacios Biomediques August Pi Suñer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, - - 2014
Abstract Objective To evaluate the key risk factors for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) hospitalisation in 32-35 weeks' gestational age (wGA) infants. Methods Published risk factors were assessed for predictive accuracy (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve [ROC AUC]) and for number needed to treat (NNT). Results Key risk factors ...
Zuccotti Gian Vincenzo - - 2014
A 8 months-old infant presented with acute onset of severe jaundice, anemia requiring transfusion and Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase deficiency. The infant did not take drugs, he did not consume fava beans, but fava beans DNA was found on pumpkin he consumed the day before jaundice onset. This is the first case ...
Gupta Prerna P Mycology Division, Department of Medical Microbiology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, 160012, - - 2014
Malassezia, a skin colonizer, is associated with multiple skin disorders in adults, and cephalic pustulosis and folliculitis in children. It can cause fungemia in infants and neonates. The time and pattern of colonization, risk factors associated with colonization and causing fungemia in children, are not well understood. The prospective cohort ...
Hmami Fouzia F Neonatology and Neonatal Resuscitation unit, Sidi Mohammed Ben Abdellah University, Faculty of Medicine and Pharmacy, - - 2014
Hyperekplexia is a rare neurogenetic disorder, frequently misdiagnosed in neonates with a risk of apnoea, asphyxia, and sudden infant death. We present video sequences of a male newborn, admitted on the second day of life to the neonatal intensive care unit, due to tonic-clonic movements. Following clinical and paraclinical investigations, ...
Velasco Roberto R 1Pediatrics Department, Rio Hortega University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain 2Intensive Care Unit, Rio Hortega University Hospital, Valladolid, Spain 3Pediatric Emergency Department, Cruces University Hospital, Barakaldo, - - 2014
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common serious bacterial infection in infants less than 90 days of age. Many physicians admit infants younger than 90 days old because of their greater risk of developing invasive bacterial infections (IBI), secondary to UTI. The primary objective of this study was to ...
Lou Zixin Z Department of Nutrition, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN, - - 2014
Although the breastfeeding initiation rate is high in China, exclusivity is low. Not having enough breast milk has been frequently reported as a reason for supplementing and weaning. The objective was to explore maternal perception of indicators and causes of self-reported insufficient milk supply (IMS) among a sample of southwestern ...
Dupont-Thibodeau Amélie A Neonatology and Clinical Ethics, Université de Montréal, Sainte-Justine Hospital, 3175 Chemin de la Côte Sainte-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec, H3T 1C5, - - 2014
Technological and clinical advances have reduced neonatal deaths and this study explored how the mode and timing of neonatal deaths has changed in a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) over ten years METHODS: We carried out a retrospective chart review on NICU deaths in 2000 to 2002 and 2007 ...
Iwegbue Chukwujindu M A CM Metals and Trace Organics Research Group, Department of Chemistry, Delta State University P.M.B 1 Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria; School of Chemistry and Physics, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, Private Bag X54001, Durban 4000, South Africa. Electronic address: - - 2014
The concentrations and profiles of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in commercially available infant formulae and follow-up formulae in Nigeria were determined with a view to providing information on the health risks to children from the consumption of these infant foods. The concentrations of PAHs were measured by means of gas ...
Lee Han-Na HN Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Medical Center, 23 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul, 130-872, Republic of Korea, - - 2014
We describe successful transumbilical retrieval of a broken umbilical venous catheter in a 37-week gestation, 2530-g female infant on her 1 day of life under fluoroscopic guidance.
Borschel Marlene W MW Abbott Nutrition, Abbott Laboratories, Columbus, OH, USA - - 2014
Partially hydrolyzed formulas (pHF) represent a significant percentage of the infant formula market. A new whey-based, palm olein oil (PO)-free pHF was developed and a masked, randomized, parallel growth study was conducted in infants fed this formula or a commercially available whey-based pHF with PO. Infants between 0 and 8 ...
Soto-Rivera Carmen L CL Department of Medicine, Divisions of Endocrinology and Medicine Critical Care, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, - - 2014
Elevated thyrotropin (TSH) levels in critically ill extremely premature infants have been attributed to transient hypothyroidism of prematurity or non-thyroidal illness syndrome. We evaluated the hypothesis that relatively high TSH levels in the first 2 postnatal weeks follow recovery from systemic inflammation, similar to non-thyroidal illness syndrome. The study was ...
Gollin Gerald G Division of Pediatric Surgery, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, Calif., - - 2014
Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is diagnosed after the development of feeding intolerance and characteristic physical and imaging findings. Earlier detection of a subclinical prodrome might allow for the institution of measures that could prevent or attenuate the severity of the disease. Objectives: We sought to determine whether urinary intestinal fatty ...
Okike Ifeanyichukwu O IO Vaccine Institute & Clinical Sciences, St George's, University of London, UK Healthcare Associated Infections & Antimicrobial Resistance Department, Public Health England, Colindale, London, - - 2014
 Bacterial meningitis remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in young infants. Understanding the epidemiology and burden of disease is important.  Prospective, enhanced, national population-based active surveillance was undertaken to determine the incidence, aetiology and outcome of bacterial meningitis in infants aged <90 days in the United Kingdom and ...
Paukner Annika A Laboratory of Comparative Ethology, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, Poolesville, MD, - - 2014
In human infants, neonatal imitation and preferences for eyes are both associated with later social and communicative skills, yet the relationship between these abilities remains unexplored. Here we investigated whether neonatal imitation predicts facial viewing patterns in infant rhesus macaques. We first assessed infant macaques for lipsmacking (a core affiliative ...
Reveret M M Department of Pediatrics (Neonatology), Sainte-Justine University Hospital and Research Center, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, - - 2014
Maternal hypertension and preeclampsia are associated with greater risk of hypertension in childhood, and cardiovascular events in adulthood. However, whether preeclampsia affects blood pressure (BP) in the newborn period is unclear. Previous neonatal studies were based on small sample sizes, very low birth weight or gestational age or limited duration ...
McMullen Sherri L - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to document the clinical practice of transitioning the hospitalized premature infant to the supine position and determine if hospital policy influenced practice.Design: This study was a retrospective medical chart review.Sample: The charts were reviewed from two urban hospitals that had Level III NICUs ...
Warncke G G Children's University Hospital, Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, Rostock, - - 2014
Therapeutic hypothermia is currently recommended for adult comatose survivors of cardiac arrest and perinatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. By contrast, current international guidelines on cardiopulmonary resuscitation in children neither refute nor support therapeutic hypothermia. Here we report on a 4-month old infant who survived resuscitation for severe cardiopulmonary insufficiency without neurological impairments. ...
Saunders Carla C Pediatrix Medical Group (Mss Saunders and Cook and Dr Buchheit), East Tennessee Children's Hospital, Knoxville (Mss Saunders, Smith, Cook, and Edds and Drs King and Buchheit); and The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, College of Nursing (Dr - - 2014
An evidence-based, multidisciplinary neonatal abstinence syndrome protocol was developed using a stepwise continuous quality improvement (CQI) approach with the goal of standardizing care procedures for these infants. A retrospective secondary data analysis was performed to evaluate the differential effects of each step of the CQI project on 4 key clinical ...
Craighead Debra V - - 2014
To examine hospitalization and breastfeeding (BF) experiences for early-term (ET) and full-term (FT) infants to determine if differences existed between them. Retrospective descriptive cohort study. United States 2009. Stratified systematic sample of ET (n = 4052) and FT (n = 6825) infants. Infants whose mothers completed the Pregnancy Risk Assessment ...
Mastromarino Paola P Section of Microbiology, Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185, Rome, Italy, - - 2014
Lactoferrin (LF) is a natural component of human milk with antimicrobial, immunostimulatory and immunomodulatory properties. Several in vitro studies suggest that LF could promote an environment in the gut of neonates that favors colonization with beneficial bacteria. However, clinical studies on the correlation between the concentration of LF in breast ...
Bourchier David D NICU, Waikato Hospital, Pembroke St, Hamilton, New Zealand, - - 2014
Extremely immature newborns develop a self-limiting normal anion gap metabolic acidosis in early life. This study examined the natural history of this acidosis in a population of infants of gestation less than 26 weeks in the first 14 days of life. The acidosis was maximal on day 4 with a mean base ...
Petzoldt Johanna J Institute of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, - - 2014
To prospectively examine relations between maternal DSM-IV-TR anxiety and depressive disorders and excessive infant crying. Based on the prospective longitudinal Maternal Anxiety in Relation to Infant Development Study, n=306 expectant mothers were enrolled during early pregnancy and repeatedly interviewed until 16 months post partum. Lifetime and prospective information on maternal anxiety ...
Ballard Philip L PL Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Objective Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) has been tested to prevent bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in premature infants, however, the role of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is not known. We hypothesized that levels of NO metabolites (NOx) and cGMP in urine, as a noninvasive source for biospecimen collection, would reflect the dose of ...
Scott Andrew R AR Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Floating Hospital for Children, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts; Division of Facial Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, Floating Hospital for Children, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
To estimate the current birth prevalence of isolated and syndromic Pierre Robin sequence (iPRS and sPRS), including demographic variations. To assess for regional variations in surgical airway interventions for PRS, and to determine the mean length of stay (LOS), cost of admission, complication rate, and rate of associated procedures related ...
Schmalisch Gerd - - 2014
Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) is a marker of established airway inflammation in adults and children, but conflicting results have been reported in preterm infants when postnatal eNO is measured during tidal breathing. This study investigated the extent to which intubation and mechanical ventilation (MV) affect eNO and NO production (V'NO) ...
Pruetz Jay D JD Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles; Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Evaluate outcomes for neonates with critical congenital heart disease (CHD) requiring emergent neonatal cardiac intervention (ENCI). Neonates < 30 days of age that underwent ENCI at < 48hrs of age were retrospectively enrolled a 2-year period. 47 neonates met inclusion criteria for ENCI comprising 9 cardiac defects that underwent 25 catheterizations and ...
de Waal Reneé R 1.Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town. 2.Department of Paediatrics, University of Cape Town 3.Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Stellenbosch - - 2014
World Health Organisation guidelines recommend nevirapine 2 mg/kg/day for HIV-exposed infants <2kg, but 4-6 mg/kg/day for infants >2kg. In 116 low birth weight infants, nevirapine 2 mg/kg/day until 14 days, and 4 mg/kg/day thereafter, was safe (one mild possibly-related rash) and achieved target plasma concentrations. Concentrations decreased with treatment duration. Routine ...
Chávez-Servín Jorge L JL Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Campus Juriquilla, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Av. de las Ciencias S/N, Juriquilla, Querétaro, Qro. CP 76320, Mexico. Electronic address: - - 2015
Potential furfural compounds were examined by RP-HPLC-DAD in 20 commercial milk-based powdered infant formula (IF) brands from local markets from Paris, France; DF, Mexico; Copenhagen, Denmark; England, UK; and Barcelona, Spain. We traced the evolution of these compounds after the packets had been opened at 0, 30 and 70days of ...
Harrington Jennifer J Department of Paediatrics, University of Toronto, and The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON, - - 2014
Background:There is current interest in the maternal-fetal effects of antenatal vitamin D supplementation, yet little data regarding vitamin D's role in neonatal calcium homeostasis. We determined to assess the effect of high-dose antenatal vitamin D supplementation on fetal and neonatal calcium concentrations.Methods:In a double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial in Bangladesh, 160 pregnant ...
Karamlou Tara - - 2014
Given our large catchment area that often results in later presentation age, we sought to understand our institutional outcomes for the Norwood operation in the context of published data. Specifically, we studied whether operative and late death post-Norwood are dependent on age at operation. Retrospective review of 105 consecutive infants ...
Matsuo Nobutake N Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, - - 2014
The present study set forth the reference values for penile size and determined the prevalence of buried penis in Japanese full-term newborns. The stretched penile length was measured and the presence of buried penis was assessed at 1-7 days of age in 547 Japanese full-term newborn infants born between 2008 ...
Abu Jawdeh E G EG Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Objective:To test the hypothesis that the effect of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on intermittent hypoxemia (IH) in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants is dependent on postnatal age.Study Design:Oxygen saturation of 130 ELBW infants, who required transfusion, was monitored continuously for the first 8 weeks of life. We compared ...
Durand Sabine S Department of Neonatology, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, Montpellier University Hospital Center, Montpellier, - - 2014
Nosocomial infections (NIs) are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in premature infants. We present a new method for detecting and confirming NIs in a neonatal intensive care unit. Newborns with birth weight < 1,500 g or gestational age (GA) < 33 weeks were included prospectively over 2 years in a single-center tertiary neonatal intensive ...
Guo Mindy Ming-Huey MM Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, - - 2014
Objective This study aims to investigate the association between fluid intake in the first 4 days of life and the subsequent severity of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI). Study Design A retrospective chart review of 75 infants with a gestational age of less than 32 weeks and a birth ...
Clark Reese H RH Pediatrix-Obstetrix Center for Research, Education and Quality, Sunrise, Florida - - 2014
To describe the influence that gestational age and chronological age have on amino acid and acylcarnitine profiles in an at-risk population of premature infants.METHODS: Metabolic profiles (15 amino acids and 35 acylcarnitines) were obtained by using standard newborn techniques on infants born between 23 and 31 completed weeks of gestation. ...
Truog W E WE Center for Infant Pulmonary Disorders, Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics and the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO, - - 2014
Objective:The use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in preterm infants remains controversial. In October 2010, a National Institutes of Health consensus development conference cautioned against use of iNO in preterm infants. This study aims (1) to determine the prevalence and variability in use of iNO in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver ...
Bravo Lulu L National Institutes of Health-University of The Philippines Manila; Manila, The - - 2014
Regulatory bodies in The Philippines, Sri Lanka, and India require post-marketing surveillance to provide additional safety data on Rotarix™ in real-life settings. In such studies conducted in The Philippines (November 2006 to July 2012; NCT00353366), Sri Lanka (November 2008 to August 2009; NCT00779779), and India (August 2009 to April 2010; ...
Letshwiti Johannes Buca JB Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the role of plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration as a predictor of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birth weight infants beyond the first week of life. This was a prospective observational study; newborns with a birth weight < 1500 g were ...
Machado Jr Luis C LC Campinas State Universtity (Unicamp), School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rua Alexandre Benois, 180/101, São Paulo 05729-090, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare neonatal deaths and complications in infants born at 34-36 weeks and six days (late preterm: LPT) with those born at term (37-41 weeks and six days); to compare deaths of early term (37-38 weeks) versus late term (39-41 weeks and six days) infants; to search for any temporal ...
Pastore V V Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Viale Pinto 1, 71122, Foggia, Italy, - - 2014
To retrospectively analyze the feasibility, safety and complication rate of laparoscopic inguinal herniorraphy in babies weighing 5 kg or less. Thirty infants weighing 5 kg or less underwent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair during a 3-year period. Twenty-eight infants were born preterm and the mean body weight at surgery was 3,800 kg. Internal inguinal ...
Papadopoulou A A 3rd Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Athens, University General Hospital Attikon, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants born from mothers with Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) experience several complications, including a higher rate of postnatal hypocalcemia. In this study, we investigated the association between calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) and neonatal hypocalcemia observed in GDM pregnancies. Our study consisted of 58 pregnant women with GDM and 40 healthy ...
Averbuch Diana D From the *Department of Pediatrics, Ein Kerem, †Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit, ‡Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, §Department of Pediatrics, Mount Scopus, ¶Department of Medical Imaging, and ‖Pediatric Nephrology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; and **School of Primary Health Care, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent severe bacterial infection in infants. Up to 31% of infants with UTI have bacteremia. We retrospectively identified all infants aged 0-2 months who were managed in our hospital with UTI during a 1-year period. Those with bacteremia were compared with those without ...
Zao Jamie - - 2014
My patient has a urinary tract infection and is currently breastfeeding. Her son is only 3 weeks old. Is nitrofurantoin a safe antibiotic for treatment? The use of nitrofurantoin in breastfeeding mothers is generally safe, as only small amounts transfer into the breast milk. Despite the lack of documented reports, ...
Te Beest Dennis E DE Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The - - 2014
Increasing incidence has led to the re-appearance of pertussis as a public health problem in developed countries. Pertussis infection is usually mild in vaccinated children and adults, but it can be fatal in infants who are too young for effective vaccination (≤3months). Tailoring of control strategies to prevent infection of ...
Butler T Jeffrey - - 2014
Apnea of prematurity, a common disorder, can severely compromise an infant's condition unless correctly diagnosed and treated. Infants with a history of apnea of prematurity can be discharged home but then be rehospitalized for an apneic event, an apparent life-threatening event, or sudden infant death syndrome. The definition of a ...
Kage A A University Hospitals of Leicester, Leicester, UK CenTre Transport Network, Leicester, - - 2014
The CenTre transport team transfer infants requiring surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) to specialist paediatric cardiac hospitals, stay with the baby during surgery, assess the baby carefully post-operatively to ensure stability and transfer infants back to the referring unit.(1) AIMS AND METHOD: We reviewed the case notes and ...
Gowda H H Birmingham Womens Hospital, Birmingham, - - 2014
Cerebellar haemorrhage in preterm infants has become a focus of attention, as it is associated with neurodevelopmental sequelae and mortality. With regard to neurodevelopmental sequelae, cerebellar haemorrhage may play a role in the cognitive, learning and behavioural dysfunctions known to affect survivors of preterm birth. To investigate the incidence, risk ...
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