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Results 401 - 450 of 1842
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Slaughter Jonathan L JL Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio 43205, USA. - - 2013
To determine (1) between-hospital variation in diuretic use for infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), including hospital-specific treatment frequency, treatment duration, and percentage of infants receiving short (≤5 consecutive days) versus longer (>5 days) courses, and to determine (2) demographic and clinical variables associated with diuretic administration. A retrospective cohort study ...
Murase Masanori - - 2013
Although many echocardiographic parameters can assess cardiac function noninvasively in preterm infants, it has not been determined what indices are the best. We assessed left-ventricular performance in 101 very low-birth weight (VLBW) infants using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) echocardiography. Echocardiographic examinations, including TDI, were performed serially within 7 days of life. ...
Appleby Rob - - 2013
In contrast to several species of cetaceans and primates, behavioural responses to dead conspecifics have rarely been reported in wild canids. Here we provide details of the responses of an adult female and littermates to a dying and subsequently dead pup, including what appeared to be four instances of transport ...
Burgess Laura - - 2013
Background: Improving parenteral nutrition (PN) amino acid (AA) intake in very preterm infants is associated with less hyperglycemia. AAs stimulate newborn insulin secretion with arginine, demonstrating a specific effect. We hypothesized that low arginine levels would be associated with increased insulin-treated hyperglycemia and higher mean daily blood glucose levels in ...
Palojärvi Anniina - - 2013
AIM: Tissue factor (TF), a mediator between coagulation and inflammation, is upregulated in alveolar compartment and circulation in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We investigated the contribution of TF to systemic regulation of coagulation in VLBW infants. METHODS: We measured TF, total and free tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPIt, ...
Durfee Sara M - - 2013
Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the postnatal outcome and complications that arise in infants with the prenatal diagnosis of gastroschisis. Methods Prenatal sonograms with the diagnosis of gastroschisis were identified. Maternal age, indication for sonography, gestational age at diagnosis, other sonographic abnormalities, and postnatal outcome were ...
Mondal Tapas - - 2013
Objective To compare the effects of prophylactic indomethacin versus expectant management on short-term respiratory outcomes in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants.Methods This was a retrospective cohort study of ELBW infants with gestational age less than 28 weeks, born at a level III neonatal intensive care unit from 2004 to 2009. Patients ...
Sawa Daisuke - - 2013
This report describes two infants with recurrent pulmonary edema after umbilical cord blood transplantation (CBT). A 3-month-old boy and a 7-month-old boy with infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia underwent CBT from an unrelated donor in the first complete remission. The conditioning regimen consisted of busulfan, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide. Tacrolimus and short-term ...
Nam So-Hyun - - 2013
Antral web is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction in neonate. It is a 2-4 mm thin mucous membrane that can be found anywhere from 1 to 7 cm proximal to the pylorus. The baby was born at gestational age of 32(+1) weeks with 1,880 g as 2nd baby ...
Buğrul Fuat - - 2013
The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of maternal vitamin D3 (400 U/day) supplementation on breastfed infants at 6 months of age. Mothers (n=96) were enrolled within 1 month after birth and assigned to the 400 IU/day regimen or no vitamin D3 supplementation for 6 months. All ...
Stewart Amanda A Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2013
Periventricular white matter injury (PWMI), a precursor of cerebral palsy, traditionally is not diagnosed until 6 weeks of life by head ultrasound scanning. We sought to determine whether early neonatal glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) levels could identify PWMI in low birthweight (<2500 g) infants. Each case with PWMI on ...
Richburg D A - - 2013
Objective:To characterize normal patterns of intestinal motility by ultrasound (US) in the preterm neonate during the first 5 days of life.Study Design:Bowel US examinations were performed with an US machine (Vivid-i, General Electric) equipped with a 13-MHz linear and 7 MHz sector transducer. Still images and clips were taken from all ...
Bailey Sean M - - 2013
PURPOSE: The splanchnic-cerebral oxygenation ratio (SCOR) is a measurement comparing regional tissue oxygen saturation of splanchnic organs and brain tissue. SCOR has been previously proposed as a marker of clinical conditions associated with gut ischemia. Our goal was to determine SCOR values in healthy neonates in their first and second ...
Turpin Robin S - - 2013
Background: In 2005, the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism released guidelines for the use of pediatric parenteral nutrition (PN). The purpose of this study was to compare PN prescribing patterns in preterm infants with current guideline recommendations. Materials and Methods: Six neonatologists in Germany conducted observational, retrospective medical ...
Done' Elisa - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To report the neonatal morbidity in fetuses with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) treated with fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) and compare it with historical controls with less severe forms that were managed expectantly. METHODS: This is a prospective multicenter study on neonatal outcomes and prenatal predictors in 90 ...
Anderson Jemma - - 2013
AIM: To describe the outcome of the 4-month immunisation in a cohort of extremely preterm babies who had clinically significant apnoea after their 2-month immunisation. METHOD: A retrospective audit was conducted from January 2001 to January 2011 at Flinders Medical Centre (FMC). Suspected apnoeic reactions to the 2-month immunisation in ...
Budda Madeline L ML Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA. - - 2013
Baboons (Papio hamadryas anubis) of a conventional breeding colony were nursery-reared to create a specific pathogen-free (SPF) baboon-breeding program. Because the founding generations were nursery-reared until 2 years of age, it was suspected that the SPF baboons would exhibit increased reproductive challenges as adults. Mothering behavior was of interest, because ...
Lee Ji-Hyun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C (CysC) is a promising endogenous marker for renal function. However, the reference serum CysC level is not sufficiently studied in neonates. This study was conducted to investigate the reference level of serum CysC for neonates, including very low birth weight infants according to the postconceptional age (PCA). ...
Vigh Eva - - 2013
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals. These compounds are transferred to breast milk, therefore breastfed infants are at risk of being exposed to considerable amounts of PCBs and PCDD/Fs during this sensitive age. In the present study individual breast milk ...
Boujenane Ismaïl - - 2013
This study examined the viability of 4,554 D'man lambs born alive at Errachidia research station in south-eastern Morocco between 1988 and 2009. Lamb survival to 1, 10, 30 and 90 days old was 0.95, 0.93, 0.93 and 0.92, respectively. The majority of deaths (85.7 %) occurred before 10 days of age. Type and ...
Reynolds L C LC Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA. - - 2013
To investigate the effects of parental presence and infant holding in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on neurobehavior at term equivalent. Prospective cohort enrolled 81 infants born 30 weeks gestation. Nurses tracked parent visitation, holding and skin-to-skin care throughout the NICU hospitalization. At term, the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale ...
Mandour Iman - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longitudinal changes in amino acid (AA) and acylcarnitine (AC) profiles of preterm neonates over the first 2 wk of life, and to detect any significant deviation from full term values that requires change of cut-off values used for detection of metabolic disorders in preterm neonates. METHODS: This ...
Chiu Chih-Yu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of biliary atresia (BA) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Nationwide screening for BA in Taiwan using an infant stool color card was launched in 2004. We investigated the characteristics of BA in preterm infants using the national stool card registry center database. RESULTS: We identified ...
Scholl Georges - - 2013
The risk linked to furan ingestion has been assessed in previous papers for Belgian adults and children. The present paper focuses on infants consuming only ready-to-eat baby food. As there is no Belgian baby dietary database, the furan exposure assessment was carried out by using an Italian infant consumption database ...
Kontio T - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether early somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) predict long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in normothermic, full-term infants with mild to moderate neonatal encephalopathy (NE), and to compare their predictive value to already available amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Fifty-six infants with post-asphyxia NE were prospectively ...
Kotecha Sailesh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a soluble oligomeric C-type lectin known to protect against lipopolysaccharide and ventilator-induced lung injury in preterm lambs. Here we assess the expression and functional status of SP-D in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from preterm infants at risk of chronic lung disease (CLD) of prematurity ...
Fauque Patricia - - 2013
To determine the prognostic impact of the embryo nuclear status at day 2 among other major morphologic parameters (first cleavage at day 1, number of blastomeres and anuclear fragmentation at day 2) on the birth rate. Retrospective study. Hospital IVF department. Women undergoing 1,629 day 2 transfers of 2,732 embryos ...
Holmes Alison V - - 2013
The first days after delivery of a newborn infant are critical for breastfeeding establishment. Successful initiation and continuation-especially of exclusive breastfeeding-have become public health priorities, but it is fraught with many individual- and systems-level barriers. In this article, we review how hospital newborn services can be constructed or restructured to ...
Larkin Terese - - 2013
: To determine whether exclusively pumping mothers of preterm infants could achieve full milk production while using the Ameda Platinum breast pump the first 14 days postpartum. : Twenty-six mothers who delivered infants between 26 and 32 weeks' gestation at 2 Intermountain Healthcare hospitals completed the study. Mothers could not ...
Patel A L - - 2013
Objective:To study the incidence of sepsis and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) costs as a function of the human milk (HM) dose received during the first 28 days post birth for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.Study design:Prospective cohort study of 175 VLBW infants. The average daily dose of HM ...
Kang Chia-Hao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by Acinetobacter baumannii is increasing. It has a high mortality rate but experience in using inhaled colistin as monotherapy for VAP in children, especially pre-term infants, is limited. This study presents experiences using aerosolized colistin as monotherapy for VAP due to A. baumannii infection in ...
Watts Patrick - - 2013
To systematically review the characteristics, prevalence, evolution, and obstetric associations of retinal hemorrhages (RH) in newborns. A systematic review, searching 10 databases (1970-2011), identified 45 studies, which underwent two independent reviews via the use of standardized critical appraisal. Studies meeting the following criteria were included: examination by an ophthalmologist, use ...
Miyamoto Kenji - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a cause of neurological complications in infants. We report a rare case of RSV encephalopathy in an infant who presented with poor sucking and hypothermia at 17 days of age after suffering from rhinorrhea and a cough for several days. After hospitalization, the patient presented with ...
da Silva Emerson Rodrigues - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality, especially among non-affluent communities. In this study we determine the impact of respiratory viruses and how viral co-detections/infections can affect clinical LRTI severity in children in a hospital setting. METHODS: Patients younger than 3 ...
Cakir Ufuk - - 2013
Acquired Bartter-like syndrome (BLS), characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, and normal kidney function, can be induced by diuretics or antibiotics. It is a very rare condition and only anecdotal cases mostly in adults were reported. Although tubulopathy associated with colistin was reported in adults, to the best of ...
Mathews T J - - 2013
This report presents 2009 period infant mortality statistics from the linked birth/infant death data set (linked file) by maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based entirely on death certificate data. Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and interpreted. The infant mortality rate ...
Verhagen Elise A - - 2013
Abstract Objective To determine whether maternal antihypertensive drugs influenced cerebral oxygenation in preterm infants during the first days after birth. Methods We included 49 preterm infants (median gestational age 30.3 weeks, (range 26.0-31.9), birth weight 1250 grams, (560-2250)). Regional cerebral oxygen saturation (r(c)SO(2)) was measured by near-infrared spectroscopy on postnatal ...
Crump Casey - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Early-term birth (gestational age, 37-38 weeks) has been associated with increased infant mortality relative to later-term birth, but mortality beyond infancy has not been studied. We examined the association between early-term birth and mortality through young adulthood. METHODS:: We conducted a national cohort study of 679,981 singleton births in ...
Rodriguez-Guerineau Luciana L Department of Neonatology, Institut Clínic de Ginecologia, Obstetrícia i Neonatologia, Hospital Clínic- Hospital Sant Joan de Déu, University of Barcelona, Villarroel No. 170, 08036 Barcelona, Spain. - - 2013
Coagulase-negative staphylococci are the most common cause of late-onset sepsis in premature neonates. The optimal approach in persistent coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteremia, despite adequate treatment with glycopeptides, is not well established. A retrospective study was conducted on preterm neonates with persistent coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteremia treated with the combination of vancomycin-rifampicin. Ten ...
Schumacher E M - - 2013
Background: Spectral EEG analysis using automated quantification of total absolute band power (tABP) for long-term brain monitoring is reliable. We hypothesised that tABP during the first critical days of life could be a useful tool for predicting later developmental outcomes. Objective: To determine whether measuring EEG background activity in premature ...
Ng Daniel K - - 2013
The objective of this study was to summarize current information about the normal values on infant sleep polysomnography for clinical use. MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and CINAHL (Ovid) from January 1976 to May 2007 were searched. Two reviewers independently reviewed all relevant articles, using preset inclusion criteria. The population of ...
Boudaa Nadia - - 2013
Current knowledge suggests that laryngeal chemoreflexes (LCR) are involved in the occurrence of certain neonatal apneas/bradycardias, especially in the preterm newborn. While caffeine and/or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) are the most frequent options used for treating apneas in preterm newborns, their effects on LCR-related apneas/bradycardias are virtually unknown. ...
Bui Kim Chi T KC Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics; Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, LAC+USC Medical Center and Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. - - 2013
Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are bone marrow derived progenitors that can be mobilized by erythropoietin or in response to tissue injury, and participate in vascular repair. EPC are understudied in human neonates. Whether EPC frequency in newborn infants may be influenced by gestational age or postnatal stress is unknown. ...
Nijman Joppe - - 2013
Immunological mechanisms influencing the risk of mother-to-child cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission in preterm infants have not been studied sufficiently. In this study, the correlation between maternal and neonatal serum anti-CMV IgG levels and risk of postnatal CMV transmission in preterm infants was assessed. Anti-CMV IgG levels of 79 CMV seropositive mothers ...
Surmeli-Onay Ozge - - 2013
Feeding intolerance (FI) is usually defined as "gastric residual volume of more than 50 % of the previous feeding volume, emesis, abdominal distension or both of these symptoms and a decrease, delay or discontinuation of enteral feedings." We aimed to compare the incidence of FI in preterm infants fed with powdered ...
Wynn James L JL Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA. - - 2013
To examine whether preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants have an increased risk of late-onset sepsis (LOS) following early-onset sepsis (EOS). Retrospective analysis of VLBW infants (401-1500 g) born September 1998 through December 2009 who survived >72 hours and were cared for within the National Institute of Child Health ...
Dumas Louise - - 2013
The objective of this research was to study influence of birth routines on mother-infant interaction at Day 4. The present research is part of a longitudinal study where mother-infant pairsfrotocol for the assessment/coding of the affective quality of maternal behaviors indicative of early mother-infant interaction was developed and interculturally validated. ...
Arora Prem - - 2013
Objective To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of neonatal intensive care unit patients with a radiographic diagnosis of pneumatocele.Study Design Retrospective chart review.Results Our cohort (n = 27) had a gestational age of 27 ± 5 weeks, birth weight of 1038 ± 760 g, and a predominance of females (59%) and black infants (74%). All infants were ventilated at ...
Falsaperla Raffaele - - 2013
We describe an infant with cutaneous and leptomeningeal diffuse hemangiomata. Clinical facial anomalies were evident at birth. Routine transfontanellar ultrasonography revealed very diffuse leptomeningeal hemangioma. Magnetic resonance imaging during the first days of age confirmed vascular lesions. The patient was otherwise normal, and was monitored at ages 3.5, 9, and ...
Ransom Jason I - - 2013
Abiotic inputs such as photoperiod and temperature can regulate reproductive cyclicity in many species. When humans perturb this process by intervening in reproductive cycles, the ecological consequences may be profound. Trophic mismatches between birth pulse and resources in wildlife species may cascade toward decreased survival and threaten the viability of ...
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