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Results 401 - 450 of 1701
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Bayhan Cihangül - - 2012
A preterm infant with isolated fetal ascites was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit due to the appearance of respiratory distress at birth. An umbilical venous catheter (UVC) was inserted. Abdominal ultrasonography (US) showed localization of the catheter tip in the portal vein. It was removed and replaced with ...
Martins Cristina L - - 2012
Epilepsy is a very uncommon first manifestation of a neuroblastoma. A 5-month-old healthy infant presented with acute onset seizures and developmental regression. Extensive investigation was remarkable for urinary vanillylmandelic acid and homovanillic acid peaks. Abdominopelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) disclosed a presacral unresectable pelvic neuroblastoma. Chemotherapy and monthly dexamethasone pulses ...
Keir Amy K - - 2012
Background:Packed red blood cell (PRBC) transfusion saves lives in the neonatal critical care setting and is one of the commonest interventions in the preterm infant. The number and volume of PRBC transfusions is associated with several major neonatal morbidities although a direct causal link between transfusion and major neonatal morbidity ...
Maas C - - 2012
Background: The optimal rate of enteral feeding (EF) advancement in very low birth weight infants is under debate. Objectives: To evaluate the effects of accelerated EF advancement on the time to full enteral feeds, on early postnatal growth as well as on the frequency of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and focal ...
Celik Istemi Han - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) complicates the clinical course of preterm infants and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. NT-proBNP is indicative of the effects of hsPDA on clinical and cardiac status of patients. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of urinary NT-proBNP ...
Blomqvist Ylva Thernström - - 2012
AIM: To describe initiation and extent of parents' application of skin-to-skin care (SSC) with their preterm infants at two Swedish NICUs. METHODS: The duration of SSC was recorded in 104 infants' medical charts during their hospital stay; the parents answered a questionnaire. RESULTS: Both parents were involved in the practice ...
Vargas Sergio L - - 2013
Pneumocystis without obvious accompanying pathology is occasionally reported in autopsied infant lungs. Its prevalence and significance are unknown. Interestingly, this mild infection induces a strong activation of mucus secretion-related genes in young immunocompetent rodents that has not been explored in infants. Excess mucus is induced by multiple airway offenders through ...
Rojas Mario A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:It has been suggested that probiotics may decrease infant mortality and nosocomial infections because of their ability to suppress colonization and translocation of bacterial pathogens in the gastrointestinal tract. We designed a large double-blinded placebo-controlled trial using Lactobacillus reuteri to test this hypothesis in preterm infants.METHODS:Eligible infants were ...
Ayari S - - 2012
Laryngomalacia is defined as collapse of supraglottic structures during inspiration. It is the most common laryngeal disease of infancy. Laryngomalacia presents in the form of stridor, a high-pitched, musical, vibrating, multiphase inspiratory noise appearing within the first 10 days of life. Signs of severity are present in 10% of cases: ...
Larsen Bodil M K - - 2012
Background: Infants with congenital heart lesions who undergo open heart surgery may experience physiologic and metabolic stress in the postoperative period, leading to altered metabolism and hypercatabolism. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between energy intake and hospital outcomes during the first 10 days following neonatal ...
Di Fiore Juliann M - - 2012
Background:We have previously shown an increased incidence of intermittent hypoxemic events (IH) in preterm infants with severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Animal models suggest that patterns of IH events may play a role in ROP severity as well. We hypothesize that specific IH patterns are associated with ROP in preterm ...
Miller Joyce E - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of chiropractic manual therapy for infants with unexplained crying behavior and if there was any effect of parental reporting bias. Infants with unexplained persistent crying (infant colic) were recruited between October 2007 and November 2009 at a chiropractic teaching clinic ...
Sharma Nidhi - - 2012
In the neonatal period the developing intestinal barrier function provides a sub-optimal mucosal defense against infection. Establishment of the normal commensal micro-flora plays a vital role in this process. To determine aerobic and anaerobic bacteria by quantitative and qualitative methods from faecal samples of neonates. A prospective study was carried ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2012
AIM: To determine reference values for cystatin C (CysC) and its correlation with creatinine (Cr), gestational age, birth weight and maternal Cr status in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. METHOD: The study included 113 VLBW premature infants (<1500 g) of ≤32 gestational week. Serum Cr and Cys C ...
Feng Yvonne - - 2012
AIM: To compare causes and rates of mortality among infants admitted to 10 Australian neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) between 1995 and 2006. METHODS: De-identified perinatal data from the Neonatal Intensive Care Units' (NICUS) Data Collection for 24,131 infants were examined for causes and rates of death. The study period ...
Halicioglu Oya - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To examine the vitamin D status of 4-month-old exclusively breastfed infants supplemented with 400 IU daily of vitamin D and to determine whether there was any seasonal variation in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels of infants.METHODS:In this cross-sectional study, serum calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone, and 25(OH)D levels of ...
Martin Camilia R - - 2012
To define the role of systemic inflammation in infants with intestinal perforation (IP) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), we measured 25 blood protein concentrations on days 1, 7 and 14 in 939 infants born before 28 weeks' gestation. On days 7 and 14, infants with NEC had elevated levels of C-reactive ...
Mann Joshua R - - 2012
Aim  To examine maternal hypertension, diabetes, and intrapartum fever as potential risk factors for ischemic stroke in infants. Method  We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 226 117 children born from January 2000 to December 2007 who were enrolled in the South Carolina Medicaid program. We linked maternal and child Medicaid ...
Ugburo Andrew Omotayo - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Burns in the neonate are rare and result mostly from iatrogenic sources in developed countries. The socioeconomic settings of developing countries are different from those in the developed countries. A review of the epidemiology and management of burns in the neonates in Lagos, Nigeria is presented. METHODS: The case ...
Szajewska Hania - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether administration of Lactobacillus reuteri (L reuteri) DSM 17938 is beneficial in breastfed infants with infantile colic. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty infants aged <5 months with infantile colic (defined as crying episodes lasting 3 or more hours per day and occurring at least 3 days per week within ...
Simpson Shannon J - - 2012
At birth, the newborn fat-tailed dunnart relies on cutaneous gas exchange to meet metabolic demands, with continuous lung ventilation emerging several days later. We hypothesized that the delayed expression of lung ventilation (V(E)) in these animals is in part owing to a low responsiveness of the respiratory control system to ...
Neary Marianne T MT Developmental Biology, MRC National Institute for Medical Research, London, NW7 1AA, - - 2013
The pathology of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is poorly understood. Many risk factors, including hypoxia, have been identified. Prolongation of the ECG QTc interval is associated with elevated risk of SIDS but its aetiology in most cases remains unknown. We have characterised ECG changes in the newborn mouse in ...
Sakalidis Vanessa S - - 2012
Background: Infant sucking problems are frequently implicated in early weaning during breastfeeding, yet our understanding of early sucking dynamics is limited.Objective: This study aimed to describe infant sucking patterns during breastfeeding at secretory activation and determine whether they changed by the time of established lactation.Methods: Sucking patterns and milk intake ...
Löfqvist Chatarina - - 2012
To characterize postnatal changes in serum insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-I) in relation to development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very preterm infants. Longitudinal study of 108 infants with mean (SD) gestational age (GA) 27.2 (2.2) weeks. Weekly serum samples of IGF-I were analysed from birth until postmenstrual age (PMA) 36 ...
Westerbeek E A M - - 2012
We aimed to determine the effects of enteral supplementation of a prebiotic mixture of neutral and acidic oligosaccharides (scGOS/lcFOS/pAOS) on the faecal microbiota and microenvironment in preterm infants. Furthermore, we determined the influence of perinatal factors on the development of the faecal microbiota. In a randomised controlled trial, preterm infants ...
Bernhard Wolfgang - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Choline forms the head group of phosphatidylcholines, comprising 40-50 % of cellular membranes and 70-95 % of phospholipids in surfactant, bile, and lipoproteins. Moreover, choline serves as the precursor of acetylcholine and is important for brain differentiation and function. While accepted as essential for fetal and neonatal development, its role in ...
Celeste Johnston C - - 2012
Aim:  To determine the feasibility and effect size of Kangaroo Care (KC) for pain from heel lance in preterm neonates provided by either the infant's Mother (MKC) or an unrelated Alternate Female (AFKC). Methods:  Using a randomized crossover design, preterm neonates (n=18) between 28 and 37 weeks gestational age within ...
Hayashi-Kurahashi Naoko - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To clarify the prognostic value of conventional EEG for the identification of preterm infants at risk for subsequent adverse neurodevelopment in the current perinatal care and medicine setting.METHODS:We studied 780 EEG records of 333 preterm infants born <34 weeks' gestation between 2002 and 2008. Serial EEG recordings were conducted during ...
Krogh Camilla - - 2012
Bottle-feeding has been suggested to increase the risk of pyloric stenosis (PS). However, large population-based studies are needed. We examined the effect of bottle-feeding during the first 4 months after birth, by using detailed data about the timing of first exposure to bottle-feeding and extensive confounder information. We performed a ...
Bejeh Mir Karim Poorsattar - - 2012
Since a new epidemic (third wave) of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) sensed throughout the world in recent years, we aimed to assess newer risk factors for advanced ROP which needs treatment in Iranian neonates as a new target output of various neonatal care for this serious disease of newborn infants ...
- - 2012
The study sample was a subset of 1115 women enrolledinthe Oral Conditions and Pregnancy (OCAP) study, between 1997 and 2002, at Duke University Medical Center. Data from 650 women with umbilical cord blood samples and complete demographic information were analyzed for this study. Fetal immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody to periodontal ...
Al-Taiar Abdullah - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of neonatal deaths in Asia but data remain scarce. We aimed to investigate the causative organisms and antibiotic resistance in neonatal care units in China, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Thailand. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of neonatal sepsis defined as positive culture of a ...
Tegethoff Marion - - 2012
CONTEXT: The rise of cortisol concentrations after awakening is well documented in adults and children and commonly used as easily accessible marker of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) reactivity. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the existence of a salivary cortisol awakening response (CAR) in infants, and to estimate its ...
Beken Serdar S Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, 06500 Besevler, Ankara - - 2014
Intravenous Immunoglobulin G (IVIG) therapy has been used as a component of the treatment of hemolytic disease of the newborn. There is still no consensus on its use in ABO hemolytic disease of the newborn routinely. The aim of this study is to determine whether administration of IVIG to newborns ...
Cantey Joseph B - - 2012
Objectives The optimal management of infants born to mothers with peripartum influenza infection is not known. The objective of this study is to describe our experience with a practice guideline that promotes rooming-in and breast-feeding and to determine whether infants managed in this way acquire influenza infection.Study Design All mothers ...
Wang Ling-Jen - - 2012
Leptin regulates maternal metabolism and fetal growth by reducing food intake and increasing energy expenditure, particularly during the third trimester. In this study, we investigated the relationships between leptin and growth, and explored the longitudinal change of leptin in early postnatal life. A total of 58 infants were categorized according ...
Corpeleijn Willemijn E - - 2012
Background: The incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and possibly also of sepsis is lower in preterm infants fed their own mother's milk (hereafter 'mother's milk') compared with formula-fed infants. It is unclear whether this is caused by the protective properties of breast milk or by the absence of cow's milk. ...
Stalder Tobias - - 2012
The cortisol awakening response (CAR) is a frequently used measure in psychoneuroendocrinological research, however, some of its more fundamental aspects still require attention. An important question in this respect concerns the ontogeny of the CAR. Data from two recent reports suggest that the CAR may only emerge relatively late during ...
Poellmann Michael J MJ Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1304 W Springfield Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2013
Dysregulated remodeling of the cervix precedes preterm birth, a major cause of infant mortality and morbidity. The goal of this work was to identify changes in the mechanical properties of the cervix in late gestation. The tensile and load relaxation properties of cervices from rats 15-21 days (full term) post-conception ...
Abbassi-Ghanavati Mina - - 2012
Objective Magnesium historically has been used for treatment and/or prevention of eclampsia or preterm labor. More recently, antepartum magnesium sulfate has been suggested for prevention of cerebral palsy in preterm infants. Although adverse effects and toxicity of magnesium in pregnant women are well known, the fetal-neonatal effects of magnesium are ...
Assadi Farahnak - - 2012
Introduction. The management of neonates with congenital hydronephrosis (CHN) diagnosed antenatally is still controversial. Materials and Methods. A prospective study was performed in all newborn infants with CHN born over a 2-year period in order to identify which neonates require a full radiologic investigation including investigation with invasive tests such ...
Olujić Maja - - 2012
Retinopathy of prematurity is a disease of the eye which affects the blood vessels of the retina and represents the most important cause of blindness and low vision in children worldwide. There are many risk factors given by birth and parameters of general health status that may influence this disease. ...
Arsić A - - 2012
Background: Placental supply of fatty acids (FA) is essential for normal foetal development but in premature infants this supply is interrupted. To investigate the association of intrautrine growth restriction with serum phospholipid and breast milk FA composition, we compared preterm infants small for gestational age (SGA) and matched appropriate for ...
Strazzullo P - - 2012
Excess salt intake impacts on blood pressure (BP) and the pathogenetic mechanisms of atherosclerosis predisposing to stroke and other cardiovascular disorders. The influence of salt starts early in life. Two randomized controlled trials in newborn infants suggest a direct association between dietary sodium intake and BP since the first few ...
Uhrikova Zuzana - - 2012
Objective To define changes of heart rate variability in premature infant with hydrocephalus before and after drainage procedure. Study Design The authors report a case of a premature infant with hydrocephalus with analysis of heart rate variability before and after drainage procedure. Three subsequent recordings of the electrocardiography and heart rate variability ...
Carbonell Xavier - - 2012
Abstract Aim: The aim of this study was to examine whether the risk for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV)-related hospitalisation changes through the first year of life in infants of 32-35 weeks' gestational age (wGA). Methods: Risk factors from the FLIP-2 study (190 cases/4566 age-matched controls) were included in a Cox ...
Akçay Ahmet - - 2012
Abstract Background: Vaspin is a visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor that has an insulin-sensitizing effect. It is correlated with insulin resistance and glucose metabolism, and it improves glucose tolerance. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine and compare serum vaspin and insulin concentrations in small-for-gestational age (SGA), ...
Mann Michelle - - 2012
Rationale. Sodium is essential for adequate growth; the daily requirement in infants is 2 to 3 mmol/kg/d. Objectives. The study aimed to establish a reference range for the ratio of urinary sodium (UNa) to creatinine (UCr) in healthy infants in a suburban setting in the United States. Methods. UNa and ...
Mhaske Sunil - - 2012
Infantile colic in exclusively breastfed infant is very common. The mother in this situation gets panickyand under stress. This is very common emergency in paediatric hospital. Infantile colic is characterised by paroxysms of uncontrollable crying in an otherwise healthy and well fed infants younger than three months of age, more ...
Yurdakok Murat - - 2012
Transient tachypnea of the newborn results from delayed clearance of lung fluid and is a common cause of admission of full term and late preterm infants to neonatal intensive care units. The condition is particularly common after elective cesarean section. Conventional treatment involves supplemental oxygen, withholding enteral feeds and administration ...
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