Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1820
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Lee Ji-Hyun - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cystatin C (CysC) is a promising endogenous marker for renal function. However, the reference serum CysC level is not sufficiently studied in neonates. This study was conducted to investigate the reference level of serum CysC for neonates, including very low birth weight infants according to the postconceptional age (PCA). ...
Vigh Eva - - 2013
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals. These compounds are transferred to breast milk, therefore breastfed infants are at risk of being exposed to considerable amounts of PCBs and PCDD/Fs during this sensitive age. In the present study individual breast milk ...
Boujenane Ismaïl - - 2013
This study examined the viability of 4,554 D'man lambs born alive at Errachidia research station in south-eastern Morocco between 1988 and 2009. Lamb survival to 1, 10, 30 and 90 days old was 0.95, 0.93, 0.93 and 0.92, respectively. The majority of deaths (85.7 %) occurred before 10 days of age. Type and ...
Reynolds L C LC Program in Occupational Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA. - - 2013
To investigate the effects of parental presence and infant holding in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on neurobehavior at term equivalent. Prospective cohort enrolled 81 infants born 30 weeks gestation. Nurses tracked parent visitation, holding and skin-to-skin care throughout the NICU hospitalization. At term, the NICU Network Neurobehavioral Scale ...
Mandour Iman - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the longitudinal changes in amino acid (AA) and acylcarnitine (AC) profiles of preterm neonates over the first 2 wk of life, and to detect any significant deviation from full term values that requires change of cut-off values used for detection of metabolic disorders in preterm neonates. METHODS: This ...
Chiu Chih-Yu - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the characteristics of biliary atresia (BA) in preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Nationwide screening for BA in Taiwan using an infant stool color card was launched in 2004. We investigated the characteristics of BA in preterm infants using the national stool card registry center database. RESULTS: We identified ...
Scholl Georges - - 2013
The risk linked to furan ingestion has been assessed in previous papers for Belgian adults and children. The present paper focuses on infants consuming only ready-to-eat baby food. As there is no Belgian baby dietary database, the furan exposure assessment was carried out by using an Italian infant consumption database ...
Kontio T - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether early somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP) predict long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in normothermic, full-term infants with mild to moderate neonatal encephalopathy (NE), and to compare their predictive value to already available amplitude integrated EEG (aEEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Fifty-six infants with post-asphyxia NE were prospectively ...
Kotecha Sailesh - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a soluble oligomeric C-type lectin known to protect against lipopolysaccharide and ventilator-induced lung injury in preterm lambs. Here we assess the expression and functional status of SP-D in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from preterm infants at risk of chronic lung disease (CLD) of prematurity ...
Fauque Patricia - - 2013
To determine the prognostic impact of the embryo nuclear status at day 2 among other major morphologic parameters (first cleavage at day 1, number of blastomeres and anuclear fragmentation at day 2) on the birth rate. Retrospective study. Hospital IVF department. Women undergoing 1,629 day 2 transfers of 2,732 embryos ...
Holmes Alison V - - 2013
The first days after delivery of a newborn infant are critical for breastfeeding establishment. Successful initiation and continuation-especially of exclusive breastfeeding-have become public health priorities, but it is fraught with many individual- and systems-level barriers. In this article, we review how hospital newborn services can be constructed or restructured to ...
Larkin Terese - - 2013
: To determine whether exclusively pumping mothers of preterm infants could achieve full milk production while using the Ameda Platinum breast pump the first 14 days postpartum. : Twenty-six mothers who delivered infants between 26 and 32 weeks' gestation at 2 Intermountain Healthcare hospitals completed the study. Mothers could not ...
Patel A L - - 2013
Objective:To study the incidence of sepsis and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) costs as a function of the human milk (HM) dose received during the first 28 days post birth for very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.Study design:Prospective cohort study of 175 VLBW infants. The average daily dose of HM ...
Kang Chia-Hao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by Acinetobacter baumannii is increasing. It has a high mortality rate but experience in using inhaled colistin as monotherapy for VAP in children, especially pre-term infants, is limited. This study presents experiences using aerosolized colistin as monotherapy for VAP due to A. baumannii infection in ...
Watts Patrick - - 2013
To systematically review the characteristics, prevalence, evolution, and obstetric associations of retinal hemorrhages (RH) in newborns. A systematic review, searching 10 databases (1970-2011), identified 45 studies, which underwent two independent reviews via the use of standardized critical appraisal. Studies meeting the following criteria were included: examination by an ophthalmologist, use ...
Miyamoto Kenji - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a cause of neurological complications in infants. We report a rare case of RSV encephalopathy in an infant who presented with poor sucking and hypothermia at 17 days of age after suffering from rhinorrhea and a cough for several days. After hospitalization, the patient presented with ...
da Silva Emerson Rodrigues - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) is a major cause of pediatric morbidity and mortality, especially among non-affluent communities. In this study we determine the impact of respiratory viruses and how viral co-detections/infections can affect clinical LRTI severity in children in a hospital setting. METHODS: Patients younger than 3 ...
Cakir Ufuk - - 2013
Acquired Bartter-like syndrome (BLS), characterized by hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia, and normal kidney function, can be induced by diuretics or antibiotics. It is a very rare condition and only anecdotal cases mostly in adults were reported. Although tubulopathy associated with colistin was reported in adults, to the best of ...
Mathews T J - - 2013
This report presents 2009 period infant mortality statistics from the linked birth/infant death data set (linked file) by maternal and infant characteristics. The linked file differs from the mortality file, which is based entirely on death certificate data. Descriptive tabulations of data are presented and interpreted. The infant mortality rate ...
Rodriguez-Guerineau Luciana - - 2013
Coagulase-negative staphylococci are the most common cause of late-onset sepsis in premature neonates. The optimal approach in persistent coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteremia, despite adequate treatment with glycopeptides, is not well established. A retrospective study was conducted on preterm neonates with persistent coagulase-negative staphylococcal bacteremia treated with the combination of vancomycin-rifampicin. Ten ...
Verhagen Elise A - - 2013
Abstract Objective To determine whether maternal antihypertensive drugs influenced cerebral oxygenation in preterm infants during the first days after birth. Methods We included 49 preterm infants (median gestational age 30.3 weeks, (range 26.0-31.9), birth weight 1250 grams, (560-2250)). Regional cerebral oxygen saturation (r(c)SO(2)) was measured by near-infrared spectroscopy on postnatal ...
Crump Casey - - 2013
BACKGROUND:: Early-term birth (gestational age, 37-38 weeks) has been associated with increased infant mortality relative to later-term birth, but mortality beyond infancy has not been studied. We examined the association between early-term birth and mortality through young adulthood. METHODS:: We conducted a national cohort study of 679,981 singleton births in ...
Schumacher E M - - 2013
Background: Spectral EEG analysis using automated quantification of total absolute band power (tABP) for long-term brain monitoring is reliable. We hypothesised that tABP during the first critical days of life could be a useful tool for predicting later developmental outcomes. Objective: To determine whether measuring EEG background activity in premature ...
Ng Daniel K - - 2013
The objective of this study was to summarize current information about the normal values on infant sleep polysomnography for clinical use. MEDLINE (Ovid), EMBASE (Ovid), and CINAHL (Ovid) from January 1976 to May 2007 were searched. Two reviewers independently reviewed all relevant articles, using preset inclusion criteria. The population of ...
Boudaa Nadia - - 2013
Current knowledge suggests that laryngeal chemoreflexes (LCR) are involved in the occurrence of certain neonatal apneas/bradycardias, especially in the preterm newborn. While caffeine and/or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) are the most frequent options used for treating apneas in preterm newborns, their effects on LCR-related apneas/bradycardias are virtually unknown. ...
Bui Kim Chi T KC Division of Neonatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics; Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, LAC+USC Medical Center and Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA. - - 2013
Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) are bone marrow derived progenitors that can be mobilized by erythropoietin or in response to tissue injury, and participate in vascular repair. EPC are understudied in human neonates. Whether EPC frequency in newborn infants may be influenced by gestational age or postnatal stress is unknown. ...
Nijman Joppe - - 2013
Immunological mechanisms influencing the risk of mother-to-child cytomegalovirus (CMV) transmission in preterm infants have not been studied sufficiently. In this study, the correlation between maternal and neonatal serum anti-CMV IgG levels and risk of postnatal CMV transmission in preterm infants was assessed. Anti-CMV IgG levels of 79 CMV seropositive mothers ...
Surmeli-Onay Ozge - - 2013
Feeding intolerance (FI) is usually defined as "gastric residual volume of more than 50 % of the previous feeding volume, emesis, abdominal distension or both of these symptoms and a decrease, delay or discontinuation of enteral feedings." We aimed to compare the incidence of FI in preterm infants fed with powdered ...
Wynn James L JL Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA. - - 2013
To examine whether preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants have an increased risk of late-onset sepsis (LOS) following early-onset sepsis (EOS). Retrospective analysis of VLBW infants (401-1500 g) born September 1998 through December 2009 who survived >72 hours and were cared for within the National Institute of Child Health ...
Dumas Louise - - 2013
The objective of this research was to study influence of birth routines on mother-infant interaction at Day 4. The present research is part of a longitudinal study where mother-infant pairsfrotocol for the assessment/coding of the affective quality of maternal behaviors indicative of early mother-infant interaction was developed and interculturally validated. ...
Arora Prem - - 2013
Objective To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of neonatal intensive care unit patients with a radiographic diagnosis of pneumatocele.Study Design Retrospective chart review.Results Our cohort (n = 27) had a gestational age of 27 ± 5 weeks, birth weight of 1038 ± 760 g, and a predominance of females (59%) and black infants (74%). All infants were ventilated at ...
Falsaperla Raffaele - - 2013
We describe an infant with cutaneous and leptomeningeal diffuse hemangiomata. Clinical facial anomalies were evident at birth. Routine transfontanellar ultrasonography revealed very diffuse leptomeningeal hemangioma. Magnetic resonance imaging during the first days of age confirmed vascular lesions. The patient was otherwise normal, and was monitored at ages 3.5, 9, and ...
Ransom Jason I - - 2013
Abiotic inputs such as photoperiod and temperature can regulate reproductive cyclicity in many species. When humans perturb this process by intervening in reproductive cycles, the ecological consequences may be profound. Trophic mismatches between birth pulse and resources in wildlife species may cascade toward decreased survival and threaten the viability of ...
van der Aa Niek E - - 2013
Diffusion weighted MR imaging (DWI) plays an important role in the diagnosis of perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) during the acute phase. Its derived apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can be used to quantify the diffusion restriction. Aim of the current study was to identify the changes in ADC values in ...
Cohen Noah D - - 2013
Objective-To determine whether the concentrations of airborne virulent Rhodococcus equi in stalls housing foals during the first 2 weeks after birth are associated with subsequent development of R equi pneumonia in those foals. Sample-Air samples collected from foaling stalls and holding pens in which foals were housed during the first ...
Heinrich T - - 2013
Trisomy 22 is a common trisomy in spontaneous abortions. In contrast, live-born trisomy 22 is rarely seen due to severe organ malformations associated with this condition. Here, we report on a male infant with complete, non-mosaic trisomy 22 born at 35 + 5 weeks via caesarean section. Peripheral blood lymphocytes ...
Sachdeva Sandeep - - 2013
To describe profile of births occurring in teaching institution on selected parameters. Considering feasibility, four months were systematically chosen for two-year time frame over a decade to gather selected information of consecutive singleton intramural births from log books of labor room on structured pro-forma. Data management was done using software ...
Alba-Alejandre Irene - - 2013
Background. In adults severely disturbed microcirculatory flow can be observed by Orthogonal Polarized Spectral (OPS) imaging techniques during sepsis. Therefore we set out to assess for microcirculatory changes in term newborns with suspected early onset infection using OPS. Methods. OPS images were obtained prospectively from the vascular bed of the ...
Viveiros Eulália - - 2013
We describe a case of a healthy male full-term neonate, 21 days old, admitted to the emergency room, presenting a severe cardiovascular collapse with an initial sinus rhythm. The first diagnostic hypothesis was of septic shock, having antibiotics, fluid resuscitation, inotropic drugs and ventilatory support started immediately. After achieving haemodynamic ...
Healy Brandon R - - 2013
Anaphylactoid Syndrome of Pregnancy (ASP) is a rare complication of delivery in mother and/or infant during the process of birth. Known as either Anaphylactoid Syndrome of Pregnancy or Amniotic Fluid Embolism, the maternal mortality rate worldwide for this complication is between 10 and 16% while the fetal mortality rate is ...
Iarkowski Laura Ellen - - 2013
To assess the tolerance of a baby cleanser and lotion (both lightly fragranced) on healthy, full-term neonates. Twenty-six infant-mother pairs were enrolled in a 6-week, nonrandomized, controlled-use study that took place in the routine setting of a pediatric clinic and mothers' homes. During study weeks 1 to 6, neonates were ...
Sharma Mayur - - 2013
Migration of the peritoneal end of the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt through the patent processus vaginalis has been described in preterm male infants with 26 such cases in the literature. The occurrence of this rare complication in the female preterm infants has not yet been reported. We report a 3-month-old premature female ...
Huang Hsiao-Ling - - 2013
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) that is critically important for the structure, development and function of the retina and central nervous system (CNS), ultimately contributing to improved cognition. It is known that the DHA content of breast milk is positively correlated with maternal DHA ...
Sitrin Deborah - - 2013
Nearly half of births in low-income countries occur without a skilled attendant, and even fewer mothers and babies have postnatal contact with providers who can deliver preventive or curative services that save lives. Community-based maternal and newborn care programs with postnatal home visits have been tested in Bangladesh, Malawi, and ...
Rylance Sarah - - 2013
There is little information regarding outcome of very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants in resource-poor settings. To study early mortality outcome in VLBW infants admitted to the neonatal nursery, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre and determine duration of hospital stay of surviving infants and their attendance for recommended follow-up. Case notes were ...
Choo Yao Mun - - 2013
Congenital chylothorax is rare in preterm infants. While most cases respond to conservative treatment, a few require surgery. Treatment with intravenous octreotide has been reported to have varying success in preterm infants. A fetus was diagnosed with bilateral hydrothoraces at 29 weeks of gestation and repeated thoracocentesis was performed antenatally ...
Verder Henrik - - 2013
Background: We have developed a rapid method, based on lamellar body counts (LBC) on gastric aspirate, for identifying newborns who will develop respiratory distress syndrome with a need for surfactant supplementation. Objective: We set out to test whether it was possible to improve the outcome when used in a clinical ...
Mahalakshmi Rajan - - 2013
We report a case of Salmonella paratyphi B meningitis in a 90 day-old male infant who was admitted with complaints of fever, vomiting and one episode of vacant stare. Clinically, the infant was found to be toxic and dull with a bulging anterior fontanelle. Subsequently, blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures ...
Hooper Stuart B - - 2013
As neonatal resuscitation critically depends upon lung aeration at birth, knowledge of the progression of this process is required to guide ongoing care. We investigated whether expired CO2 (ECO2) levels indicate the degree of lung aeration immediately after birth in two animal models and in preterm infants. Lambs were delivered ...
Murty V S S Yerramilli - - 2013
Pyridoxine-dependent seizures is a rare cause of recurrent seizures in neonatal period and resistant to most of the antiepileptic medications, but respond to administration of pyridoxine. We report a male infant who had neonatal seizures which were initially responsive to anticonvulsants and later became unresponsive and presented at 45 days ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >