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Results 351 - 400 of 1842
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Patel Pankaj - - 2013
AIM: To determine the short-term outcomes of Australian buprenorphine-exposed mother/infant dyads. METHODS: Retrospective record review of drug-exposed mothers and infants in Australia. Groups were based on drug exposure: buprenorphine (55, 3.8%), non-buprenorphine opiates (O, 686, 48.6%) and non-opiates (NO, 671, 47.5%). RESULTS: More than 30% of buprenorphine mothers continued to ...
Karthikeyan Ambika - - 2013
Abstract Aim: Cranial diabetes insipidus (CDI) is rare in infants with no guidelines on its management. We describe the first case series, characterizing the clinical features and treatment challenges. Method: Retrospective case note review of infants diagnosed with CDI between April 1992 and February 2011. Results: Nineteen infants (52% male) ...
Sheikh Sukhera - - 2013
Operative vaginal delivery has been described since the Middle Ages. During this time, however, labour would be sustained over several days and intrapartum death almost inevitable. In these circumstances, intervention involving the use of surgical instruments or even kitchen utensils would serve purely as an attempt to avoid maternal mortality. ...
Malik Akash - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Zinc supplementation during diarrhea substantially reduces the incidence and severity of diarrhea. However, the effect of short-course zinc prophylaxis has been observed only in children >12 months of age. Because the incidence of diarrhea is comparatively high in children aged 6 to 11 months, we assessed the prophylactic effect of ...
Kaga Akimune - - 2013
Skin hamartoma is an extremely rare disease on the hand in newborn infants. Reported herein is the case of a newborn infant who presented with a skin hamartoma on the hand. The patient was a girl born at 37 weeks of gestational age. The mass was seen on her proximal ...
van Beusekom Ilse - - 2013
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding, defined as receiving only breastmilk, through the first 6 months of life to optimize survival, health, and development. To assess exclusive and predominant breastfeeding rates, as defined by WHO, in a sample of Guatemalan infants using three dietary assessment methods. Mothers of ...
Bassil Kate L - - 2013
Objective To examine the short-term morbidities, mortality, and use of neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) resources for late preterm, early term, and term infants.Study Design Infants born between 34 and 40 weeks of gestation and admitted to a Canadian NICU in 2010 were designated late preterm (340/7 to 366/7 weeks), ...
Watts Stewart - - 2013
Adequate phosphate intake is important for the prevention of metabolic bone disease in preterm infants. The European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition recommends a daily phosphate intake of 184-230 mg/kg/day, which should be met by standard feed volumes of either commercially fortified breast milk or preterm formulae. We sought ...
Chapman A K - - 2013
Objective:To assess chlorhexidine absorption and skin tolerability in premature infants, following skin antisepsis with 2% aqueous chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) prior to peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) placement.Study Design:Neonates less than 32 weeks gestation had skin cleansed with CHG prior to PICC placement. CHG concentrations were measured on serial blood samples. ...
Mohamed Shakir - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia has recently been described as a risk factor for the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a proliferative vascular disease of the retina that primarily affects premature infants. This study was to evaluate the relationship of hyperglycemia and the development of ROP in premature infants less than 32 ...
Christensen Robert D - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Previous reports describe a statistical association, among very-low-birthweight (VLBW, <1500 g) neonates, between red blood cell (RBC) transfusion in the first days after birth and development of severe intraventricular (brain) hemorrhage (IVH). STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We hypothesized that after we established a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) transfusion management ...
Kwatra Neha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Hepatobiliary scintigraphy is highly sensitive for diagnosing biliary atresia; however, its specificity has varied in the literature from 35% to 97%. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to re-evaluate the accuracy of phenobarbital-enhanced hepatobiliary scintigraphy in differentiating biliary atresia from other causes of neonatal cholestasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Blanken Maarten O MO Division of Pediatric Immunology and Infectious Diseases, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The - - 2013
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection is associated with subsequent recurrent wheeze. Observational studies cannot determine whether RSV infection is the cause of recurrent wheeze or the first indication of preexistent pulmonary vulnerability in preterm infants. The monoclonal antibody palivizumab has shown efficacy in preventing severe RSV infection in high-risk infants. ...
Jensen Michael Ladegaard - - 2013
Preterm birth and formula feeding predispose to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in infants. As mother's milk is often absent following preterm delivery, infant formula (IF) or human donor milk (HM) are frequently used as alternatives. We have previously shown that porcine and bovine colostrum (BC) provide similar NEC-protection in preterm piglets ...
Okazaki Mihoko - - 2013
Germinal matrix hemorrhages (GMHs) are typically seen in preterm neonates during the first 4 days of life. The authors encountered 2 children with late-onset GMH subsequent to ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion for congenital hydrocephalus. Both children were delivered at full term with normal body weight, although they were compromised with ...
Wales Paul W - - 2013
Congenital ultra-short bowel syndrome (USBS) is a challenging problem with a poor outcome. We report a new management approach for USBS infants that attempts to optimize gut growth potential. We report five neonates with USBS in whom no correction was performed at primary surgery except placement of a gastrostomy (G) ...
Louis Deepak - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To study SMA doppler for predicting feed intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm SGA neonates with umbilical artery absent/reversed end diastolic flow (A/REDF) Study design: Prospective study. Patients: SGA neonates < 36 weeks born with antenatally diagnosed A/REDF formed cases. Those with normal Doppler formed controls. Primary ...
Sanghvi Kishore P KP Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, India. - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility of initiation of exclusive enteral feeds on first day of life in very low birthweight infants >1200 g. Haemodynamically stable infants with birthweights 1200-1500 g irrespective of gestational age were randomized into two groups. Enteral feeds 80 mL/kg/day started within 1 h of birth and increased ...
Peirovifar Ali - - 2013
The selenium (Se) is an essential trace element that has a critical role in synthesis and activity of a number of selenoproteins with protective properties against free radical damage. This study was conducted to detect the serum Se concentration in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants and its association ...
Lightburn M H - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate cerebral hemodynamics during dopamine treatment in hypotensive (mean arterial blood pressure (MABP)<gestational age) extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.Study Design:Continuous monitoring of cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv), MABP and PCO2 was performed in hypotensive ELBW infants on the first day of life, beginning with an ∼15-min baseline reading ...
Kahramaner Zelal - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate the relation between serum homocysteine levels and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm infants born to preeclamptic mothers. Methods: This study included 84 preterm infants (42 born to preeclamptic mothers and 42 born to normotensive healthy mothers) who were admitted to Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital ...
Bahamondes Luis - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To measure infants' breast milk intake and infant growth when their mothers initiated either combined oral contraceptive (COC), levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, or etonogestrel-releasing implant, or copper intrauterine device (IUD) as a reference group. DESIGN: Prospective trial. SETTING: University-based hospital. PATIENT(S): On postpartum day 42, 40 women initiated a contraceptive ...
Farahani Leila Amiri - - 2013
Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin problems in infants and children, affecting between 7% and 35% of infants. This randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of hydrocortisone 1% ointment with that of human breast milk in treating acute diaper dermatitis in infants ages 0 to 24 months. Infants ...
Oster Matthew E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the trends in survival for infants with critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs) and to examine the potential impact of timing of diagnosis and other prognostic factors on survival.METHODS:We performed a retrospective population-based cohort study in infants born with structural congenital heart defects (CHDs) between 1979 and 2005 and ...
Yoder Bradley A - - 2013
Heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) is commonly used as a noninvasive mode of respiratory support in the NICU. The safety and efficacy of HHHFNC have not been compared with other modes of noninvasive support in large randomized trials. The objective was to assess the efficacy and safety of HHHFNC ...
Stefanescu Beatrice M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neonatal ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In adults on mechanical ventilation, timed oral care decreases the frequency of VAP, but this approach has not been studied in neonates. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of a randomized trial of timed oral care with Biotene OralBalance® ...
Dawson Jennifer A - - 2013
AIM: Preterm infants begin the transition from gastric tube feeds to sucking feeds around 34 weeks' postmenstrual age. We compared physiological stability in two bottle feeding positions, cradle hold versus side lying in preterm infants. METHODS: Randomised crossover trial of infants <34 weeks' gestation at birth, ≥34 weeks' postmenstrual age ...
Young Paul C - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Early readmissions of apparently healthy newborns after discharge from well baby nurseries (WBN) may reflect an inadequate assessment of the newborn's readiness for discharge.OBJECTIVE:To determine the frequency, causes, costs, and variations in rates of early rehospitalization of newborns discharged from 21 WBNs in 1 health care system.METHODS:We queried the Enterprise ...
Maruyama Kenichi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The feeding interval is an important factor in enteral feeding of premature infants. We investigated postprandial intestinal blood flow in stable very-low-birth-weight infants fed at 2 h and 3 h intervals. METHODS: We used pulsed wave Doppler ultrasound to measure blood flow velocity of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ...
Shah P - - 2013
Abstract Background: Prolonged exposure to antibiotics (PEA) is associated with increased risk of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), late onset sepsis (LOS), and death in preterm neonates. Aim: To evaluate PEA (≥4 days) for suspected (blood culture negative) sepsis and its association with NEC, LOS, and death in extremely preterm (EP: Gestation ...
Liu S Y - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Does vitrification and warming of Day 3 embryos have an impact on neonatal outcome when compared with Day 3 embryos that are slow cooled and thawed, or with embryos from a fresh cycle? SUMMARY ANSWER: The median birthweight was higher in the vitrified group versus the slow cooled ...
Leistner Rasmus - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Very low birthweight (VLBW) newborns on neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are at increased risk for developing central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CVC BSI). In addition to the established intrinsic risk factors of VLBW newborns, it is still not clear which process and structure parameters within NICUs influence the ...
Morioka I - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a high-risk setting for transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Very few studies have investigated the impact of pre-emptive contact precautions applied to outborn neonates transferred to an NICU on the incidence of healthcare-associated (HA)-MRSA transmission. AIM: To assess the efficacy of ...
Aris I M - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Prediction equations are commonly used to estimate body fat from anthropometric measurements, but are population specific. We aimed to establish and validate a body composition prediction formula for Asian newborns, and compared the performance of this formula with that of a published equation.Subjects/Methods:Among 262 neonates (174 from day 0, 88 ...
Lampkin Stacie J - - 2013
The results of a case-control study of the potential role of caffeine citrate therapy in the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) are presented. Patient records for a 10-year period were reviewed to collect sufficient data to test the hypothesis that newborns treated in a hospital's perinatal intensive care unit for ...
Herlenius Eric - - 2013
This study aimed to review available published reports concerning sudden unexpected postnatal collapse (SUPC) of apparently healthy infants within the first days of postnatal life, establish a structured presentation and delineate recommendations for preventive measures. All published reports of SUPC cases were retrospectively analyzed, and three not previously published SUPC ...
Kuboi Toru - - 2013
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in neonates causes irreversible damage to tissue and organs and results in multiple organ failure and poor outcome. Therapeutic hypothermia is the most effective therapy in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. We report here a case of subcutaneous fat necrosis (SCFN) after therapeutic hypothermia by selective head cooling. Selective ...
Evans Rianna C RC Division of Pediatric Hospital Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, 601 Children's Lane, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA. - - 2013
To determine the time to detection (TTD) of positive results on blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures taken during the evaluation for serious bacterial infection (SBI) in otherwise healthy infants aged 0 to 90 days. This study was a retrospective chart review of infants aged 0 to 90 days ...
Ogunleye E O EO Department of Surgery, Cardiothoracic Unit, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idiaraba, Lagos. - - 2013
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a notable cause of respiratory distress in neonates, however it remains a diagnostic challenge due to inadequate facilities and low level of experience. The management of this condition also is a bigger challenge due to paucity of expertise and relatively non-existent well-equiped neonatal intensive care ...
Lozada Luis E LE Department of Pediatrics, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, - - 2013
Early exposure to oral erythromycin in young infants, particularly in the first 2 weeks of life, has previously been associated with the development of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. We report a case of an infant who received an abbreviated 4-day course of oral erythromycin for suspected Chlamydia conjunctivitis at 5 days ...
Ricart Silvia - - 2013
Viral load (VL) of human metapneumovirus (HMPV) and human bocavirus (HBoV) in infants <12 months admitted for bronchiolitis was analyzed. VL correlated with length of hospital stay in both viruses, HMPV-VL with the duration oxygen therapy and HBoV-VL inversely with days of respiratory effort prior to admission. Infants coinfected by ...
Kovacs Christopher S - - 2013
During embryonic development most of the skeleton begins as a cartilaginous scaffold that is progressively resorbed and replaced by bone. Such endochondral bone development does not cease until the growth plates fuse during puberty. Growth and mineralization of the skeleton are dependent upon the adequate delivery of mineral. During fetal ...
Chen Shiau-Shr - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effect of body position on gastric residuals at different time points in feeding preterm infants. Further, the results of previous studies are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To describe the changing pattern of gastric residuals over time in the prone and supine position and to examine the ...
Ozgur Elcin - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the potential hazardous effects of prenatal and/or postnatal exposure to 1800 MHz GSM-like radiofrequency radiation (RFR) on the blood chemistry and lipid peroxidation levels of infant rabbits. A total of 72 New Zealand female and male white rabbits aged 1-month were used. Thirty-six female and 36 male ...
Huang Ping - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a major contributor to infant mortality. The cause of death is unknown: suggested possibilities include cardiovascular disease, anaphylactic shock, and suffocation. The occurrence of simultaneous sudden infant death syndrome is uncommon, such cases being extremely rare in forensic pathologic practice. We report two 10-week-old ...
Kohler J A JA - - 2013
Objective:To determine if the choice of enteral feeds after gastroschisis repair relates to the time to achieve full feeds and time to discharge.Study Design:A retrospective study of infants with gastroschisis from 2000 to 2010 examined demographics, days at closure, days at initiation of feeds, days to full feeds, time to ...
Le Jennifer J University of California at San Diego, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, La Jolla, California, USA. - - 2013
The effect of delayed antifungal therapy in critically ill infants with invasive candidiasis has not been studied. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of time to initiation of antifungal therapy (TIA) on mortality, disseminated disease, and postinfection hospital stay. We conducted a cohort study of critically ill infants with ...
Arora Rohit - - 2013
Background:To assess and quantify the effects of indomethacin on cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) in preterm infants undergoing treatment for a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).Methods:CBF and CMRO2 were measured before and after the first dose of a three-day course of ...
Zauli Giorgio - - 2013
Background:The immune modulator TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been found at extremely high levels in human milk of women with normal gestation at day 5 after delivery.Objective:To investigate the presence and the levels of soluble TRAIL in human milk of women with preterm delivery at different time points post-partum (32, ...
Scoville Sheila A - - 2013
A fledged, 12-15 day-old saltmarsh sparrow, Ammodramus caudacutus, was collected from an accidental kill on Cinder Island, Long Island, NY, USA. The sparrow was assessed for feather mercury levels and the brain analyzed for cerebellar abnormalities by microscopic examination. In humans, fetal Minamata disease is caused by maternal ingestion of mercury. ...
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