Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1828
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Louis Deepak - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To study SMA doppler for predicting feed intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in preterm SGA neonates with umbilical artery absent/reversed end diastolic flow (A/REDF) Study design: Prospective study. Patients: SGA neonates < 36 weeks born with antenatally diagnosed A/REDF formed cases. Those with normal Doppler formed controls. Primary ...
Sanghvi Kishore P KP Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, India. - - 2013
To evaluate the feasibility of initiation of exclusive enteral feeds on first day of life in very low birthweight infants >1200 g. Haemodynamically stable infants with birthweights 1200-1500 g irrespective of gestational age were randomized into two groups. Enteral feeds 80 mL/kg/day started within 1 h of birth and increased ...
Peirovifar Ali - - 2013
The selenium (Se) is an essential trace element that has a critical role in synthesis and activity of a number of selenoproteins with protective properties against free radical damage. This study was conducted to detect the serum Se concentration in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants and its association ...
Lightburn M H - - 2013
Objective:To evaluate cerebral hemodynamics during dopamine treatment in hypotensive (mean arterial blood pressure (MABP)<gestational age) extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants.Study Design:Continuous monitoring of cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFv), MABP and PCO2 was performed in hypotensive ELBW infants on the first day of life, beginning with an ∼15-min baseline reading ...
Kahramaner Zelal - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To investigate the relation between serum homocysteine levels and intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) in preterm infants born to preeclamptic mothers. Methods: This study included 84 preterm infants (42 born to preeclamptic mothers and 42 born to normotensive healthy mothers) who were admitted to Izmir Tepecik Training and Research Hospital ...
Bahamondes Luis - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To measure infants' breast milk intake and infant growth when their mothers initiated either combined oral contraceptive (COC), levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, or etonogestrel-releasing implant, or copper intrauterine device (IUD) as a reference group. DESIGN: Prospective trial. SETTING: University-based hospital. PATIENT(S): On postpartum day 42, 40 women initiated a contraceptive ...
Oster Matthew E - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the trends in survival for infants with critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs) and to examine the potential impact of timing of diagnosis and other prognostic factors on survival.METHODS:We performed a retrospective population-based cohort study in infants born with structural congenital heart defects (CHDs) between 1979 and 2005 and ...
Yoder Bradley A - - 2013
Heated, humidified high-flow nasal cannula (HHHFNC) is commonly used as a noninvasive mode of respiratory support in the NICU. The safety and efficacy of HHHFNC have not been compared with other modes of noninvasive support in large randomized trials. The objective was to assess the efficacy and safety of HHHFNC ...
Farahani Leila Amiri LA Department of Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, - - 2013
Diaper dermatitis is one of the most common skin problems in infants and children, affecting between 7% and 35% of infants. This randomized clinical trial compared the efficacy of hydrocortisone 1% ointment with that of human breast milk in treating acute diaper dermatitis in infants ages 0 to 24 months. Infants ...
Stefanescu Beatrice M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Neonatal ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In adults on mechanical ventilation, timed oral care decreases the frequency of VAP, but this approach has not been studied in neonates. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility of a randomized trial of timed oral care with Biotene OralBalance® ...
Dawson Jennifer A - - 2013
AIM: Preterm infants begin the transition from gastric tube feeds to sucking feeds around 34 weeks' postmenstrual age. We compared physiological stability in two bottle feeding positions, cradle hold versus side lying in preterm infants. METHODS: Randomised crossover trial of infants <34 weeks' gestation at birth, ≥34 weeks' postmenstrual age ...
Young Paul C - - 2013
BACKGROUND:Early readmissions of apparently healthy newborns after discharge from well baby nurseries (WBN) may reflect an inadequate assessment of the newborn's readiness for discharge.OBJECTIVE:To determine the frequency, causes, costs, and variations in rates of early rehospitalization of newborns discharged from 21 WBNs in 1 health care system.METHODS:We queried the Enterprise ...
Maruyama Kenichi - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The feeding interval is an important factor in enteral feeding of premature infants. We investigated postprandial intestinal blood flow in stable very-low-birth-weight infants fed at 2 h and 3 h intervals. METHODS: We used pulsed wave Doppler ultrasound to measure blood flow velocity of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) ...
Shah P - - 2013
Abstract Background: Prolonged exposure to antibiotics (PEA) is associated with increased risk of necrotising enterocolitis (NEC), late onset sepsis (LOS), and death in preterm neonates. Aim: To evaluate PEA (≥4 days) for suspected (blood culture negative) sepsis and its association with NEC, LOS, and death in extremely preterm (EP: Gestation ...
Liu S Y - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Does vitrification and warming of Day 3 embryos have an impact on neonatal outcome when compared with Day 3 embryos that are slow cooled and thawed, or with embryos from a fresh cycle? SUMMARY ANSWER: The median birthweight was higher in the vitrified group versus the slow cooled ...
Leistner Rasmus - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Very low birthweight (VLBW) newborns on neonatal intensive care units (NICU) are at increased risk for developing central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CVC BSI). In addition to the established intrinsic risk factors of VLBW newborns, it is still not clear which process and structure parameters within NICUs influence the ...
Morioka I - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a high-risk setting for transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Very few studies have investigated the impact of pre-emptive contact precautions applied to outborn neonates transferred to an NICU on the incidence of healthcare-associated (HA)-MRSA transmission. AIM: To assess the efficacy of ...
Aris I M - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Prediction equations are commonly used to estimate body fat from anthropometric measurements, but are population specific. We aimed to establish and validate a body composition prediction formula for Asian newborns, and compared the performance of this formula with that of a published equation.Subjects/Methods:Among 262 neonates (174 from day 0, 88 ...
Lampkin Stacie J - - 2013
The results of a case-control study of the potential role of caffeine citrate therapy in the development of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) are presented. Patient records for a 10-year period were reviewed to collect sufficient data to test the hypothesis that newborns treated in a hospital's perinatal intensive care unit for ...
Herlenius Eric - - 2013
This study aimed to review available published reports concerning sudden unexpected postnatal collapse (SUPC) of apparently healthy infants within the first days of postnatal life, establish a structured presentation and delineate recommendations for preventive measures. All published reports of SUPC cases were retrospectively analyzed, and three not previously published SUPC ...
Kuboi Toru - - 2013
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy in neonates causes irreversible damage to tissue and organs and results in multiple organ failure and poor outcome. Therapeutic hypothermia is the most effective therapy in neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. We report here a case of subcutaneous fat necrosis (SCFN) after therapeutic hypothermia by selective head cooling. Selective ...
Evans Rianna C RC Division of Pediatric Hospital Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of The King's Daughters, 601 Children's Lane, Norfolk, VA 23507, USA. - - 2013
To determine the time to detection (TTD) of positive results on blood, urine, and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cultures taken during the evaluation for serious bacterial infection (SBI) in otherwise healthy infants aged 0 to 90 days. This study was a retrospective chart review of infants aged 0 to 90 days ...
Ogunleye E O EO Department of Surgery, Cardiothoracic Unit, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idiaraba, Lagos. - - 2013
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is a notable cause of respiratory distress in neonates, however it remains a diagnostic challenge due to inadequate facilities and low level of experience. The management of this condition also is a bigger challenge due to paucity of expertise and relatively non-existent well-equiped neonatal intensive care ...
Lozada Luis E LE Department of Pediatrics, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine, Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, - - 2013
Early exposure to oral erythromycin in young infants, particularly in the first 2 weeks of life, has previously been associated with the development of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. We report a case of an infant who received an abbreviated 4-day course of oral erythromycin for suspected Chlamydia conjunctivitis at 5 days ...
Ricart Silvia - - 2013
Viral load (VL) of human metapneumovirus (HMPV) and human bocavirus (HBoV) in infants <12 months admitted for bronchiolitis was analyzed. VL correlated with length of hospital stay in both viruses, HMPV-VL with the duration oxygen therapy and HBoV-VL inversely with days of respiratory effort prior to admission. Infants coinfected by ...
Kovacs Christopher S - - 2013
During embryonic development most of the skeleton begins as a cartilaginous scaffold that is progressively resorbed and replaced by bone. Such endochondral bone development does not cease until the growth plates fuse during puberty. Growth and mineralization of the skeleton are dependent upon the adequate delivery of mineral. During fetal ...
Chen Shiau-Shr - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the effect of body position on gastric residuals at different time points in feeding preterm infants. Further, the results of previous studies are inconsistent. OBJECTIVES: To describe the changing pattern of gastric residuals over time in the prone and supine position and to examine the ...
Ozgur Elcin - - 2013
We aimed to investigate the potential hazardous effects of prenatal and/or postnatal exposure to 1800 MHz GSM-like radiofrequency radiation (RFR) on the blood chemistry and lipid peroxidation levels of infant rabbits. A total of 72 New Zealand female and male white rabbits aged 1-month were used. Thirty-six female and 36 male ...
Huang Ping - - 2013
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a major contributor to infant mortality. The cause of death is unknown: suggested possibilities include cardiovascular disease, anaphylactic shock, and suffocation. The occurrence of simultaneous sudden infant death syndrome is uncommon, such cases being extremely rare in forensic pathologic practice. We report two 10-week-old ...
Kohler J A JA - - 2013
Objective:To determine if the choice of enteral feeds after gastroschisis repair relates to the time to achieve full feeds and time to discharge.Study Design:A retrospective study of infants with gastroschisis from 2000 to 2010 examined demographics, days at closure, days at initiation of feeds, days to full feeds, time to ...
Le Jennifer J University of California at San Diego, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, La Jolla, California, USA. - - 2013
The effect of delayed antifungal therapy in critically ill infants with invasive candidiasis has not been studied. Our objective was to evaluate the effect of time to initiation of antifungal therapy (TIA) on mortality, disseminated disease, and postinfection hospital stay. We conducted a cohort study of critically ill infants with ...
Arora Rohit - - 2013
Background:To assess and quantify the effects of indomethacin on cerebral blood flow (CBF), oxygen extraction fraction (OEF) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) in preterm infants undergoing treatment for a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).Methods:CBF and CMRO2 were measured before and after the first dose of a three-day course of ...
Zauli Giorgio - - 2013
Background:The immune modulator TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) has been found at extremely high levels in human milk of women with normal gestation at day 5 after delivery.Objective:To investigate the presence and the levels of soluble TRAIL in human milk of women with preterm delivery at different time points post-partum (32, ...
Scoville Sheila A - - 2013
A fledged, 12-15 day-old saltmarsh sparrow, Ammodramus caudacutus, was collected from an accidental kill on Cinder Island, Long Island, NY, USA. The sparrow was assessed for feather mercury levels and the brain analyzed for cerebellar abnormalities by microscopic examination. In humans, fetal Minamata disease is caused by maternal ingestion of mercury. ...
Slaughter Jonathan L JL Department of Pediatrics, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio 43205, USA. - - 2013
To determine (1) between-hospital variation in diuretic use for infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), including hospital-specific treatment frequency, treatment duration, and percentage of infants receiving short (≤5 consecutive days) versus longer (>5 days) courses, and to determine (2) demographic and clinical variables associated with diuretic administration. A retrospective cohort study ...
Murase Masanori - - 2013
Although many echocardiographic parameters can assess cardiac function noninvasively in preterm infants, it has not been determined what indices are the best. We assessed left-ventricular performance in 101 very low-birth weight (VLBW) infants using tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) echocardiography. Echocardiographic examinations, including TDI, were performed serially within 7 days of life. ...
Appleby Rob - - 2013
In contrast to several species of cetaceans and primates, behavioural responses to dead conspecifics have rarely been reported in wild canids. Here we provide details of the responses of an adult female and littermates to a dying and subsequently dead pup, including what appeared to be four instances of transport ...
Burgess Laura - - 2013
Background: Improving parenteral nutrition (PN) amino acid (AA) intake in very preterm infants is associated with less hyperglycemia. AAs stimulate newborn insulin secretion with arginine, demonstrating a specific effect. We hypothesized that low arginine levels would be associated with increased insulin-treated hyperglycemia and higher mean daily blood glucose levels in ...
Palojärvi Anniina - - 2013
AIM: Tissue factor (TF), a mediator between coagulation and inflammation, is upregulated in alveolar compartment and circulation in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We investigated the contribution of TF to systemic regulation of coagulation in VLBW infants. METHODS: We measured TF, total and free tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPIt, ...
Durfee Sara M - - 2013
Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess the postnatal outcome and complications that arise in infants with the prenatal diagnosis of gastroschisis. Methods Prenatal sonograms with the diagnosis of gastroschisis were identified. Maternal age, indication for sonography, gestational age at diagnosis, other sonographic abnormalities, and postnatal outcome were ...
Mondal Tapas - - 2013
Objective To compare the effects of prophylactic indomethacin versus expectant management on short-term respiratory outcomes in extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants.Methods This was a retrospective cohort study of ELBW infants with gestational age less than 28 weeks, born at a level III neonatal intensive care unit from 2004 to 2009. Patients ...
Sawa Daisuke - - 2013
This report describes two infants with recurrent pulmonary edema after umbilical cord blood transplantation (CBT). A 3-month-old boy and a 7-month-old boy with infant acute lymphoblastic leukemia underwent CBT from an unrelated donor in the first complete remission. The conditioning regimen consisted of busulfan, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide. Tacrolimus and short-term ...
Nam So-Hyun - - 2013
Antral web is a rare cause of gastric outlet obstruction in neonate. It is a 2-4 mm thin mucous membrane that can be found anywhere from 1 to 7 cm proximal to the pylorus. The baby was born at gestational age of 32(+1) weeks with 1,880 g as 2nd baby ...
Bu─črul Fuat - - 2013
The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of maternal vitamin D3 (400 U/day) supplementation on breastfed infants at 6 months of age. Mothers (n=96) were enrolled within 1 month after birth and assigned to the 400 IU/day regimen or no vitamin D3 supplementation for 6 months. All ...
Stewart Amanda A Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2013
Periventricular white matter injury (PWMI), a precursor of cerebral palsy, traditionally is not diagnosed until 6 weeks of life by head ultrasound scanning. We sought to determine whether early neonatal glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) levels could identify PWMI in low birthweight (<2500 g) infants. Each case with PWMI on ...
Richburg D A - - 2013
Objective:To characterize normal patterns of intestinal motility by ultrasound (US) in the preterm neonate during the first 5 days of life.Study Design:Bowel US examinations were performed with an US machine (Vivid-i, General Electric) equipped with a 13-MHz linear and 7 MHz sector transducer. Still images and clips were taken from all ...
Bailey Sean M - - 2013
PURPOSE: The splanchnic-cerebral oxygenation ratio (SCOR) is a measurement comparing regional tissue oxygen saturation of splanchnic organs and brain tissue. SCOR has been previously proposed as a marker of clinical conditions associated with gut ischemia. Our goal was to determine SCOR values in healthy neonates in their first and second ...
Turpin Robin S - - 2013
Background: In 2005, the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism released guidelines for the use of pediatric parenteral nutrition (PN). The purpose of this study was to compare PN prescribing patterns in preterm infants with current guideline recommendations. Materials and Methods: Six neonatologists in Germany conducted observational, retrospective medical ...
Done' Elisa - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To report the neonatal morbidity in fetuses with severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) treated with fetoscopic endoluminal tracheal occlusion (FETO) and compare it with historical controls with less severe forms that were managed expectantly. METHODS: This is a prospective multicenter study on neonatal outcomes and prenatal predictors in 90 ...
Anderson Jemma - - 2013
AIM: To describe the outcome of the 4-month immunisation in a cohort of extremely preterm babies who had clinically significant apnoea after their 2-month immunisation. METHOD: A retrospective audit was conducted from January 2001 to January 2011 at Flinders Medical Centre (FMC). Suspected apnoeic reactions to the 2-month immunisation in ...
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