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Results 301 - 350 of 1842
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Collins C L - - 2013
The objectives of this study were (1) to devise a nasal trauma score for preterm infants receiving non-invasive respiratory support, (2) to compare the incidence of nasal trauma in preterm infants <32 weeks gestation randomised to either nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) or heated humidified high-Flow nasal cannulae (HHHFNC), in ...
Loui Andrea - - 2013
Abstract Aim: To assess the impact of a high enteral protein nutrition strategy in human milk-fed very low birth weight (VLBW) infants (<1500 g) on growth during the first 5 weeks of life. Design: Weight, length and head circumference of VLBW infants were recorded after introduction of a high protein ...
Surran B B 1] Division of Newborn Medicine, Baystate Children's Hospital, Springfield, MA, USA [2] Department of Neurology, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, - - 2013
To compare the efficacy of clonidine versus phenobarbital in reducing morphine sulfate treatment days for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Prospective, non-blinded, block randomized trial at a single level III NICU (Neonatal Intensive Care Unit). Eligible infants were treated with a combination of medications as per protocol. Primary outcome was treatment ...
Moenkemeyer Florian - - 2013
To investigate the relationship between early right ventricular function measured by tissue Doppler imaging and early outcome measures in newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Retrospective cohort study. Surgical neonatal ICU within a regional pediatric center. Twenty newborn infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia. None. Analysis of serial echocardiograms in a ...
Hirata Katsuya - - 2013
Objective The aim of this article is to evaluate the accuracy, precision, and safety of transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension (TcPCO2) monitoring at different electrode temperatures in preterm infants in the early postnatal period.Study Design A total of 26 neonates with a median birth weight of 974 g (432-1,694 g) and ...
Oh Jung Wha - - 2013
A 2-day-old male infant was referred to hospital because he was continually moaning. Massive pneumoperitoneum was observed on plain radiographs on the day of admission. This case is unique in that the massive pneumoperitoneum with meconium-stained peritoneal fluid was not associated with any evidence of bowel perforation seen on laparotomy.
Watanabe Toshihiko - - 2013
Milk curd syndrome was first reported in the 1960s, but was gradually forgotten because of its low incidence thereafter. This condition in pre-term infants has been reported over the last decade and has again attracted neonatologists' attention. The present report describes a pre-term infant with milk curd syndrome. Abdominal distension ...
van den Berg Jolice P - - 2013
Infections are common in preterm infants and cause differences in cytokine levels. Aim of this study was to measure cytokine levels in preterm infants during the first year of life and to determine the effect of feeding a specific non-digestible carbohydrate mixture (scGOS/lcFOS/pAOS). Furthermore, other perinatal factors in relation to ...
Frenette Priscilla - - 2013
Objectives: To compare risks of infection and prematurity-related outcomes according to latency periods among women with preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM). Methods: Women with PPROM occurring between 24+0 and 36+6 weeks of gestation were identified from a provincial population-based perinatal database in Nova Scotia. The primary outcomes included composite ...
Zhang Linjie - - 2013
Airway oedema and mucus plugging are the predominant pathological features in infants with acute viral bronchiolitis. Nebulised hypertonic saline solution may reduce these pathological changes and decrease airway obstruction. To assess the effects of nebulised hypertonic (≥ 3%) saline solution in infants with acute viral bronchiolitis. We searched CENTRAL 2013, ...
Anderson Margot M Lao-Oxford-Mahosot Hospital-Wellcome Trust Research Unit (LOMWRU), Microbiology Laboratory, Mahosot Hospital, Vientiane, Lao - - 2014
As data about the causes of neonatal sepsis in low-income countries are inadequate, we reviewed the etiology and antibiotic susceptibilities of bacteremia in young infants in Laos. As Staphylococcus aureus is the leading cause of bacteremia in Lao infants, we also examined risk factors for this infection, in particular the ...
Tsai Ming-Horng - - 2013
Late-onset sepsis (LOS) is a common complication in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). We aimed to describe the epidemiology, clinical characteristics, and risk factors for adverse outcome in neonates with LOS. We conducted a cohort study of all neonates with LOS at the NICU of a Tertiary Taiwan Medical ...
Saadah Loai M - - 2013
To identify subgroups of premature infants who may benefit from palivizumab prophylaxis during nosocomial outbreaks of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection. Retrospective analysis using an artificial intelligence model. Level IIIB, 35-bed, neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a tertiary care hospital in the United Arab Emirates. One hundred seventy six ...
Sellmer Anna - - 2013
To assess the association between a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) on day 3 of life and severe morbidity and mortality. Cohort study. Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark. All neonates with a gestational age less than 32 weeks admitted from 2010 to 2012. All neonates (n=183) were routinely ...
Chang Yun Hee YH Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2013
Outcomes after surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants are often complicated by prematurity associated comorbidities. The Aristotle comprehensive complexity score (ACCS) has been proposed as a useful tool for complexity adjustment in the analysis of outcome after congenital heart surgery. The aims of this study were ...
Li Rong - - 2013
ABSTRACT Purpose: Maturity is a critical factor in the pathogenesis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). One widely used method for studying this condition is that of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). The general conditions of an OIR term animal, both at the time of birth and following birth, differ from those of ...
Prempunpong Chatchay - - 2013
To investigate the effect of the therapeutic hypothermia (TH), used in infants with moderate or severe HIE, on fluid balance and incidence of hyponatremia. Retrospective cohort study of moderate and severe HIE infants before (pre) and after (post) TH implementation. Daily fluid and electrolytes intake/output was collected from the medical ...
Brown Nicole - - 2013
Infantile botulism is the result of ingestion of Clostridium botulinum spores, and is the most common form of infection with botulism in the United States. Ninety percent of cases occur in infants <6 months old. The infants typically present with vague symptoms such as hypotonia and poor feeding. This article reports ...
Coats Debra - - 2013
Thiamine deficiency is common in parts of Asia and causes beriberi. Pharmacokinetics of thiamine in deficient populations are unknown. We characterized thiamine pharmacokinetics in Cambodian mothers and their breastfed infants. Total plasma thiamine, whole-blood thiamine diphosphate (TDP), and breast milk breast milk total thiamine were measured in 16 healthy Cambodian ...
Davidson Jesse - - 2013
Background:The utility of procalcitonin and C-reactive protein (CRP) as infectious biomarkers following infant cardiothoracic surgery is not well defined.Methods:We designed a prospective cohort study to evaluate procalcitonin and CRP after infant cardiothoracic surgery. Procalcitonin and CRP were drawn pre-operatively and 24/72 hours post-operation or daily in delayed sternal closure patients. ...
Chang Pi-Feng - - 2013
Background:The aim of this study was to establish a model to identify the term breast-fed infants who are at risk of developing significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia.Method:A prospective study was designed to investigate the effects of birth body weight, mode of delivery, cephalohematoma, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, predischarge total serum bilirubin, variant ...
Truong Dongngan T - - 2013
Echocardiography is the mainstay of preoperative arch imaging in infants with coarctation of the aorta. In simple coarctation, repair by way of sternotomy or thoracotomy is often determined by echocardiographic transverse arch measurements. The degree of arch hypoplasia that is prohibitive to repair by way of thoracotomy is unknown. Clinical ...
Monangi Nagendra N Neonatal Perinatal Medicine, Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center/University of Cincinnati, , Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
To evaluate vitamin D (vitD) status in early preterm infants (EPTIs) at birth and during birth hospitalisation on current vitD intake. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D [25(OH)D] concentrations, vitD intake and risk factors for low vitD status were assessed in 120 infants born at ≤32 weeks gestation. Mean (SD) serum 25(OH)D at birth ...
Runge Stine Bjerrum - - 2013
To examine the association between occupational lifting during pregnancy and preterm birth. The risk of preterm birth was estimated for total burden lifted per day and number of medium and heavy loads lifted per day. In a study population of 62 803 pregnant women enrolled to the Danish National Birth ...
Padula M A - - 2013
Objective:To characterize the treatments and short-term outcomes in infants with severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (sBPD) referred to regional neonatal intensive care units.Study Design:Infants born <32 weeks' gestation with sBPD were identified using the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database. Descriptive outcomes are reported.Result:A total of 867 patients were eligible. On average, infants were ...
McElrath T - - 2013
To compare the early postnatal pattern of systemic inflammation in growth-restricted infants born before the 28(th) week of gestation to that of appropriately grown peers. We measured the concentrations of 25 inflammation-related proteins in blood spots collected from 939 newborns during the first 2 postnatal weeks. We calculated the odds ...
Borschel Marlene W - - 2013
A masked, randomized, parallel growth study was conducted in infants fed an amino acid-based formula (AF) or an extensively hydrolyzed casein-based formula (HF). Infants were enrolled between 0 and 9 days and studied to 112 days of age. Growth, formula intake, stool patterns, and serum albumin concentrations were assessed. There ...
Lee Soon Min - - 2013
Purpose: We hypothesized that parenteral nutrition associated cholestasis (PNAC) would be more severe in small for gestational age (SGA) compared with appropriate for gestational age (AGA) very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Materials and Methods: Sixty-one VLBW infants were diagnosed as PNAC with exposure to parenteral nutrition with elevation of ...
Gao Jinxi - - 2013
The present study analyzed a case of immature teratoma in the posterior cranial fossa of an infant and compared the clinical data with the associated literature. Ventricular drainage was initially performed upon the patient's admission to the hospital. Following adequate pre-operative preparations, the tumor in the posterior cranial fossa was ...
Soliman Ashraf - - 2013
The Clinical and radiological manifestations of newborns with severe VDD have not been studied well. We studied the clinical, biochemical, and radiological manifestations of 10 full-term (FT) newborns (6: M, 4: F) infant presented to with symptomatic hypocalcemia (seizure) secondary to vitamin D deficiency (VDD) during the first 10 days ...
Borghesi A - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease occurring in very and extremely preterm infants undergoing mechanical ventilation. Given the altered lung vascular growth characterizing BPD, circulating angiogenic cells could be useful biomarkers to predict the risk. The objective of the study was to determine whether the percentages of circulating ...
Celine Tm - - 2013
Childhood mortality is increasing day by day. It will affect the development of the nation. Preventive measures on childhood mortality could be an effective approach for saving child's life. To find out the causes of deaths among children below 12 years of age those who were admitted in a teaching ...
Cakır Ufuk - - 2013
Maternal primary hyperparathyroidism causing hypercalcemia during pregnancy can suppress fetal and neonatal parathyroid hormone secretion. We report a newborn with transient hypoparathyroidism presented by hypocalcemic seizure and tetany on the 21st postnatal day in whom the final diagnosis was asymptomatic maternal primary hyperparathyroidism. Neonatal hypocalcemia usually occurs early in life ...
Sachdeva Sandeep S Department of Community Medicine, Pt. B.D. Sharma, PGIMS, Rohtak, Haryana, - - 2013
Registration of birth is mandatory in India however due to various issues compliance for timely birth registration has been poor. The objective of this study was to determine time elapsed between birth and registration and describe the socio-demographic profile of registered births at a rural center. A cross-sectional descriptive study ...
Linder Nehama N Department of Neonatology, Rabin Medical Center, Beilinson Campus, Petach Tikva, Israel. - - 2013
Vancomycin is widely used to treat late onset coagulase-negative Staphylococcus (CoNS) sepsis in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Although vancomycin is associated with a risk of toxicity and bacterial resistance, the appropriate duration of use has not been established. This study sought to investigate the association between the duration ...
Hornik Christoph P CP Duke Clinical Research Institute and Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, NC 27715, - - 2013
Carbapenems are commonly used in hospitalized infants despite a lack of complete safety data and associations with seizures in older children. We compared the incidence of adverse events in hospitalized infants receiving meropenem versus imipenem/cilastatin. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 5566 infants treated with meropenem or imipenem/cilastatin in ...
Macnow Theodore - - 2013
Infections with antibiotic resistant organisms (AROs) are an important source of morbidity and mortality among infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). To identify potential reservoirs of AROs in the NICU, active surveillance strategies have been adopted by many NICUs to detect infants colonized with AROs. However, the ...
König Kai - - 2013
Abstract Objective: Sildenafil has been shown to preserve alveolar growth and lung angiogenesis in a rat model of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We conducted a proof-of-concept randomised controlled pilot study to assess the feasibility of oral sildenafil treatment in extremely preterm infants with evolving bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Methods: Preterm infants <28 weeks gestational ...
Bos Marthel E - - 2013
A Lactobezoar is a compact mass of inspissated, indigested milk. Most often it is located in the stomach but it also may be located in other parts of the intestine. It is the most common type of bezoar in infancy. We report two cases of this rare condition mimicking necrotizing ...
Wessel David L - - 2013
Background Infants with cyanotic congenital heart disease palliated with placement of a systemic-to-pulmonary-artery shunt are at risk for shunt thrombosis and death. We investigated whether the addition of clopidogrel to conventional therapy reduces mortality from any cause and morbidity related to the shunt. Methods In a multicenter, double-blind, event-driven trial, ...
Arnon Shmuel - - 2013
To examine the effect of initiating very early feeding on time-to-reach full feeding in stable, small for gestational age (SGA) preterm infants. Preterm infants with gestational age below 37 weeks and birth weight below the 10(th) percentile were randomly allocated to a very early (within 24hours of birth) feeding regimen ...
Maede Yoshinobu - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a comparative clinical study to evaluate the prophylactic effects of micafungin (MCFG) and fluconazole (FLCZ) on the incidence of fungal infections in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants who were born at a gestational age of less than 26 weeks and weighed less than 1,000 g. STUDY ...
Bene Judit - - 2013
OBJECTIVES:: The aim of the study was to compare plasma carnitine profiles in preterm infants fortified human milk-fed or preterm infant formula-fed. METHODS:: Plasma acylcarnitine concentrations were determined in 20 formula-fed and 18 human milk-fed preterm infants (birth-weights between 1000 and 2200 g) by isotope dilution ESI MS/MS technique on ...
Marsot Amélie - - 2013
Phenobarbital is widely used for treatment of neonatal seizures. Its optimal use in neonates and young infants requires information regarding pharmacokinetics. The objective of this study is to characterize the absolute bioavailability of phenobarbital in neonates and young infants, a pharmacokinetic parameter which has not yet been investigated. Routine clinical ...
Shellhaas Renée A RA Department of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. - - 2013
We evaluated the utility of amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG) and regional oxygen saturation (rSO2) measured using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for short-term outcome prediction in neonates with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) treated with therapeutic hypothermia. Neonates with HIE were monitored with dual-channel aEEG, bilateral cerebral NIRS, and systemic NIRS throughout cooling and ...
Fukazawa Mitsuharu - - 2013
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening syndrome characterized by fever, cytopenias, hepatosplenomegaly, and coagulopathy with the background of hypercytokinemia. Early diagnosis and etoposide therapy are not established for affected newborns. An afebrile infant suffered from apnea 4 days after birth, showing leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, coagulopathy, and cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis. Serum levels ...
Filippidi Anthoula - - 2013
Colonisation may be the first step for the development of Candida infection. The source of neonatal colonisation is thought to be the hospital environment or the maternal vaginal tract. This study investigated to what extend Candida isolates in neonates are similar to isolates from their mother's vaginal tract. Vaginal samples ...
Lagatta Joanne M JM Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI. Electronic address: - - 2013
To compare proportions of infants at different gestational ages discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) on home oxygen, to determine how many were classified with chronic lung disease based on timing of discharge on home oxygen, and to determine the percentage discharged on home oxygen who received mechanical ...
van der Sluis Inge - - 2013
The pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, efficacy and safety of a new recombinant E.coli-asparaginase preparation was evaluated in infants (< 1 year of age) with de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Twelve patients were treated according to the INTERFANT-06 protocol and received up to 10,000 U/m2; recombinant asparaginase as intravenous infusion on days 15, ...
Shima Yoshio - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine factors that affect adverse long-term pulmonary outcomes of premature infants. METHODS: The retrospective analysis was made on 306 clinical records of preterm singleton neonates at <32 weeks of gestation. Two definitions of adverse pulmonary outcomes were used in this study: Chronic ...
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