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Results 201 - 250 of 1828
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Vatlach Scarlet S Department of Neonatology, University Children's Hospital, Tuebingen, - - 2013
Background: Given the lack of a licensed product (LP), extemporaneous caffeine citrate (ECC) has been used by many hospital pharmacies. Objectives: Since July 2011, an LP has been available in Germany. We prospectively compared the safety profile of ECC and LP in preterm infants with apnea of prematurity. Methods: Between ...
Hakan Nilay - - 2013
We aimed to determine reference values of perfusion index (PI) in healthy newborns during the early neonatal period. Preductal (right hand) and postductal (foot) PI values were assessed during the first 5 days of life by using a new generation pulse oximetry. A total of 241 newborn infants (196 [81.3 %] term ...
Nakamura Toshihiko T Department of Pediatrics, National Organization Hospital, Nishi-Saitama Chuo National Hospital, Tokorozawa, - - 2013
Reported herein is the first case of a remarkably delayed occurrence of normal surfactant composition in an extremely preterm infant who required a total of 15 doses of artificial pulmonary surfactant (Surfacten®). A male infant, born at 26 weeks gestation, developed respiratory distress at birth. Chest radiography was consistent with ...
Bly Eleanor E University of Washington Family Medicine Residency, Seattle, WA, - - 2013
It's unclear what age is best to start vitamin D supplementation because no comparison studies exist. That said, breastfed infants who take vitamin D beginning at 3 to 5 days of life don't develop rickets. Starting infants on vitamin D supplementation at one to 36 months of age reduces the ...
Mitt P P Department of Infection Control, Tartu University Hospital, Tartu, Estonia. Electronic address: - - 2013
Few studies provide rates of nosocomial bloodstream infections (BSIs) in mixed neonatal and paediatric intensive care units (PICUs). To determine the rate, pathogens and outcome of BSIs in an Estonian PICU. Data were collected prospectively from 1st January 2004 to 31st December 2008 in the PICU of Tartu University Hospital. ...
Hegar Badriul B Department of Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia, Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, - - 2013
Regurgitation is known to peak at the age of 3-4 months, with a sharp decrease around the age of 6 months. Little is known about the natural evolution of infants who still regurgitate after the age of 6 months. Hundred thirty-one infants older than 6 months regurgitating more than once ...
Oberhelman Sara S SS Department of Family Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: - - 2013
To determine whether a single monthly supplement is as effective as a daily maternal supplement in increasing breast milk vitamin D to achieve vitamin D sufficiency in their infants. Forty mothers with exclusively breast-fed infants were randomized to receive oral cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) 5000 IU/d for 28 days or 150,000 ...
Inoue Ayumi A Drug Safety Research Laboratories, Shin Nippon Biomedical Laboratories (SNBL), Ltd, Kagoshima, Japan; Division of Biomodeling, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Nagoya, - - 2013
Thiamazole, an anti-hyperthyroidism agent, was administered orally to pregnant cynomolgus monkeys at doses of 2.0 and 3.5 mg/kg per day from GD 120 to GD 150 to investigate effects on behavioral development of their infants. Swelling of the throat region due to enlargement of the thyroid glands was observed at birth ...
Simao Razao R Department of Public Health of Cabinda, - - 2013
To critically discuss, describe and analyze the data on infant mortality provided by public health services of Cabinda, Angola. The deaths of children aged less than one year old in 2007 and 2008 were analyzed in the Cabinda province. Provincial hospital records and those of the WHO office were used ...
Simic Klaric Andrea - - 2013
Aim. The objective of this study is to compare head circumferences (HCs) measured on the day of delivery and on the third day after delivery. Method. A total of 499 children born in the maternity department were recruited for the study. HC was measured in centimeters immediately after birth and ...
Schulkind Lisa L Trinity College, Department of Economics, 300 Summit Street, Hartford 06106, - - 2013
Scheduling births for non-medical reasons has become an increasingly common practice in the United States and around the world. We exploit a natural experiment created by child tax benefits, which rewards births that occur just before the new year, to better understand the full costs of elective c-sections and inductions. ...
Ishida Yasushi - - 2013
To evaluate the birth and discharge dates of neonates and analyze their distribution over days of the week and the old lunar calendar. A retrospective cohort on the neonates discharged in the years 1990, 2000, 2005, and 2010 was conducted in a general hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Data are represented ...
Olhager Elisabeth - - 2013
Dopamine is used as an inotropic medication in preterm infants. The preterm human blood brain barrier (BBB) is permeable to intravascular dopamine and the impact of exogenous dopamine on the preterm brain remains unknown. The preterm lamb model may be suitable for studying the cerebral impact of dopamine therapy if ...
Peng Wansheng - - 2013
To assess the effect of volume-targeted ventilation (VTV) compared with pressure-limited ventilation (PLV) in preterm infants. We searched the Cochrane Library (Issue 3, 2013), PubMed (1966 to 5 March 2013), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and periodical databases (1979 to 5 March 2013). We selected randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and ...
Feder Henry M HM Jr Department of Pediatrics, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, USA; Department of Family Medicine, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, CT, USA; University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
A previously well infant aged 9 months presented with an acute, self-limiting illness characterised by high fever and a papular eruption that started on the face. Although fever subsided within 3 days, the rash worsened and extended over the whole body, with some papules evolving into vesiculobullous lesions. The infant ...
Muñoz K - - 2013
The nephrotoxic and carcinogenic mycotoxin ochratoxin A (OTA) is a worldwide contaminant in food commodities and also found frequently in human biological fluids. Dietary contaminants ingested by nursing mothers can appear in breast milk. But the rate of lactational transfer of OTA has not been investigated so far at various ...
Liu Ping - - 2013
Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the most widely used organophosphorous pesticides in China. However, few reports on CPF pesticide exposure and body burden of infants at 2 years of age in China are available. The aim of this study was to assess the exposure level and the absorbed daily dose (ADD) ...
Behme Renee M - - 2013
Abstract The relationship between thyroid function, mode of delivery, and illness in infants 34-36 weeks' gestation has not been well studied. We hypothesized that infants born by cesarean delivery and those with increased illness would have a reduction in thyroxine (T4) following birth. Total T4 and thyroid-stimulating hormone were obtained ...
Guo Ying - - 2013
Despite the widespread usage of phthalates and parabens in personal care products (PCPs), little is known about concentrations and profiles as well as human exposure to these compounds through the use of PCPs. In this study, nine phthalates and four parabens were determined in 170 PCPs (41 rinse-off and 109 ...
Takahashi Kazumasa - - 2013
Background: Tau protein is a microtubule-associated protein that is present in axons. Elevated tau protein levels in cerebrospinal fluid or serum are associated with several central nervous system diseases and can indicate neuronal injury. Objective: In the present study, we measured and then compared serum tau protein levels between infants ...
Prodhan Parthak - - 2013
The objective of this study was to identify types of neonatal diseases associated with prolonged (≥21 days) extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), characteristics of survivors and nonsurvivors among those requiring prolonged ECMO, and factors associated with mortality. Data were obtained from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization registry over the period from ...
Christmann Viola - - 2013
Bone mineralisation in preterm infants is related to supply of calcium and phosphorus. We increased the amount of minerals in parenteral nutrition for preterm infants and evaluated postnatal calcium and phosphorus metabolism in relation to mineral and vitamin D intake. Preterm infants, included on their first day of life, received ...
Rosenfeld Keidar H - - 2013
Objective:To study whether Johan Sebastian Bach music has a lowering effect on resting energy expenditure (REE) similar to that of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart music.Study Design:Prospective, randomized clinical trial with cross-over in 12 healthy, appropriate weights for gestational age (GA), gavage fed, metabolically stable, preterm infants. Infants were randomized to a ...
Olsen Irene E - - 2013
To evaluate the relationship between nutritional intake (kcalories, protein) and weight and length growth in preterm infants, and describe their metabolic tolerance with a focus on those with high protein intake (≥4.6 g/kg/day). Secondary analysis of data from appropriate-for-gestational age preterm infants in 28 day randomized clinical trial that evaluated growth, ...
Ploegstra Wieteke M - - 2013
The quality of general movements (GMs) is a widely used criterion to assess neurological dysfunction in young infants. It is unknown, however, whether the birth process influences the motor repertoire of healthy full term infants during the first week after birth. To assess the quality of GMs and to determine ...
Can Emrah - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To describe the complication profiles of central and non-central 1 Fr PICCs in neonates. Methods: A total of 123 neonates (73 males and 50 females) were included in this study. PICCs with distal tips in the superior or inferior vena cava were defined as central, and those with ...
Kaushal S S Division of Cardiac Surgery, University of Maryland Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Primary graft failure is the major cause of mortality in infant HTx. The aim of this study was to characterize the indication and outcomes of infants requiring ECMO support due to primary graft failure after HTx. We performed a retrospective review of all infants (<1 yr) who underwent Htx from three ...
Nenna Raffaella R Department of Paediatrics, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, - - 2013
Our study was aimed to evaluate the efficacy of 7% hypertonic saline and 0.1% hyaluronic acid (7% HS-HA) given by inhalation, in infants hospitalized for mild-to-moderate bronchiolitis. In a double-blind controlled study, 39 infants (23 boys) <7 months of age (median age 2 months) were enrolled and randomly assigned to ...
Hartley Caroline - - 2013
Infants within neonatal intensive care units can receive multiple medically essential painful procedures a day. How they respond to these stimuli, how best to alleviate the negative effects, and the long-term consequences for the infant are all significant questions that have yet to be fully answered. In recent years several ...
Gutiérrez-Castrellón Pedro P Hospital General Dr. Manuel Gea - - 2013
Infant formulae are being supplemented with probiotics, prebiotics, or symbiotic despite uncertainties regarding their efficacy. Mexican agave is an interesting source of fructans with particular features and with potential prebiotic effects. RCT in 600 healthy term babies (20 ± 7 days), allocated to receive standard infant formula (control) or infant ...
Gemiyo Deribe - - 2013
Stagnant early growth and mortality are the major impediments for sheep production in southern Ethiopia. We evaluated the effects of non-genetic factors on early growth performance of lambs in Halaba district with 467 lambs owned by 60 households. Body weights (kilograms) of lambs at birth, 30, 60, 90, 120, and ...
Freyne B - - 2013
Biologic plausibility of risk factors is required to strengthen risk reduction strategies. The "triple risk model" for SIDS describes the interplay of a vulnerable infant, during a critical developmental period, interacting with external stressors (2). Identified external stressors are the supine sleep position and smoke exposure (3). Airway occlusion has ...
Bartholomew Julie - - 2013
Objectives: To identify maternal and infant characteristics associated with reduced growth velocity (GV) in extremely premature newborns. Methods: We evaluated 1,187 infants born between 23 and 27 weeks' gestation at 14 institutions between 2002 and 2004 who survived until day 28 to identify the maternal and infant characteristics associated with ...
Becquet Odile - - 2013
The benefit to risk ratio of the treatment with erythropoietin (EPO) as a means of limiting the number of transfusions in very preterm infants during hospitalization, seems to be modest since the adoption of restrictive transfusion criteria and of policy limiting phlebotomy losses. We therefore aim to evaluate the factors ...
Tully Kristin P - - 2013
breast-feeding outcomes are often worse after caesarean section compared to vaginal childbirth. this study characterises mothers' breast-feeding intentions and their infant feeding experiences after caesarean childbirth. data are from 115 mothers on a postnatal unit in Northeast England during February 2006-March 2009. Interviews were conducted an average of 1.5 days ...
Charlesworth Paul - - 2013
Introduction The surgical management of gastroschisis (GS) is controversial. The most commonly used strategy for abdominal wall closure is surgery on day 1 of life with the aim of primary closure (PC) or construction of a surgical silo (SS) and secondary closure thereafter. The other widely used technique is application ...
Tin Win - - 2013
Hypoglycaemia is one of the most frequent metabolic problems in neonatal medicine, and maintaining glucose homeostasis is one of the important physiological events during fetal-to-neonatal transition. Although frequently observed transient low blood glucose concentrations in the majority of healthy newborns are the reflections of normal metabolic adaptation processes during this ...
Anderson Brett R - - 2013
Our aim was to examine the impact of surgical timing on major morbidity and on hospital reimbursement for late preterm and term infants with dextrotransposition of the great arteries (d-TGA). Neonatal arterial switch operation (ASO) is standard of care for d-TGA. Little is known about the effects of age-at-operation on ...
Vandenplas Yvan - - 2013
Paediatric GERD is complicated to manage, as symptoms are diverse and often difficult to interpret. In infants, regurgitation is a common physiological condition. Nevertheless, when it occurs frequently (>4 times per day) and causes the infant distress, parents often seek medical help. In children 2-10 years of age, GERD is ...
Larsen Bodil M K - - 2013
Background: The effect of providing a lipid emulsion containing medium-chain triglyceride (MCT), soybean oil, and fish oil in critically ill infants is not widely studied. This study investigated lipid emulsion effects on plasma phospholipids and immune biomarkers. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two infants undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and dependent on parenteral ...
Raghavan Vineetha - - 2013
To assess the prevalence of first hour breastfeeding initiation and exclusive breastfeeding at 6 wk and identify its barriers in healthy term babies born in a tertiary hospital setting. A prospective observational cohort study was carried out in consecutively selected 400 mothers who delivered (normal, instrumental or cesarean) term healthy babies ...
Magnetti Federica - - 2013
Objective Numerous fetal placenta vascular lesions seem to be a predisposing condition for some types of perinatal disease. Placental disease and newborn thromboses might be both manifestations of the same underlying disorder. Objective of this study is to describe pathological lesions of the placenta in newborns with perinatal thrombosis.Study Design ...
Alyamac Dizdar Evrim - - 2013
Abstract Objective To determine the effect of delivery type on macronutrient content of colostral milk. Material and Methods The study was conducted at Zekai Tahir Burak Maternity Teaching Hospital. Colostral milk samples from term lactating mothers who gave birth by vaginal or cesarean delivery (CD) were obtained on the 2nd ...
Bonadio William - - 2013
To determine the prevalence of outpatient-diagnosed urinary tract infection [UTI] in consecutive febrile neonates ≤ 30 days of age, and correlate demographic, laboratory and radiographic imaging results with infectious etiology. Review of medical records of consecutive febrile infants ≤ 30 days of age presenting to an urban pediatric emergency department ...
Capasso Letizia - - 2013
Aim: To investigate the effectiveness of IgM-enriched immunoglobulins (IgM-eIVIG) in reducing short-term mortality of neonates with proven late-onset sepsis. All VLBW infants from January 2008 to December 2012 with positive blood culture beyond 72 hours of life were enrolled in a retrospective cohort study. Newborns born after June 2010 were ...
Nguyen Phuong H - - 2013
Despite the importance of early initiation of and exclusive breastfeeding, prelacteal feeds continue to pose a barrier to optimal breastfeeding practices in several countries, including Vietnam. This study examined the factors associated with prelacteal feeding among Vietnamese mothers. Data from 6068 mother-child (<6m) dyads were obtained from a cross-sectional survey ...
Gupta Neelam N Newborn Emergency Transport Services, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Neonatal Unit, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United - - 2014
To identify factors that distinguish duct-dependent congenital heart disease (DDCHD) from non-DDCHD in newborn infants. A retrospective, cohort study. The Newborn Emergency Transport Service, Victoria (NETS) is a retrieval service for all inter-hospital neonatal transfers, and the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne (RCH) is a paediatric cardiac referral centre for the ...
Palojärvi Anniina - - 2013
Background: Antenatal betamethasone (BM) treatment for mothers at risk for premature delivery is effective in reducing neonatal morbidity. Immunodepression, defined as monocyte human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR expression <60%, is common in patients in intensive care. In very low birth weight (VLBW) infants, immunodepression correlates with gestational age and may predispose ...
Fielding-Singh Vikram V School of Medicine, Stanford University, Stanford, - - 2013
The appropriate duration of hospitalization for infants ≤ 30 days admitted for fever or other concerns for a serious bacterial infection is an understudied area. We sought to determine the risk of a positive, pathogenic bacterial culture of blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in this population beyond 24 hours after ...
Bajcetic Milica - - 2013
Vitamin E is routinely supplemented to preterm babies, including those with neonatal sepsis. Our aim was to examine the effects of neonatal sepsis and vitamin E on antioxidative system (AOS) in the blood. A prospective, randomized, open label study involved 65 preterm neonates (control/sepsis - 34/31), which were divided into ...
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