Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1842
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Souza Alcidésio A Jr Mother and Child Hospital of Brasilia, SGAS, Av. L2 Sul, Quadra 608, Módulo A Asa Sul, Brasília, Federal District, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim was to describe the exposure to excipients among neonates hospitalised in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a public hospital in Brasilia, Brazil. This was a retrospective study based on medicines that were prescribed electronically to neonates (≤28 days) who were admitted to the NICU of a hospital ...
Li Jing-En JE *Radiology Department, the Children's Hospital Affliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, China.215003 †Radiology Department, No.4 Hospital of Xi'an, Xi'an, China.710000 ‡General Surgery Department, the Children's Hospital Affliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, - - 2014
Intussusception is rare in infants less than 4 months of age and the use of air enema for reduction of intussusception has been limited. In this retrospective study, we analyzed the predictors of successful reduction of intussusception using air enema in infants less than 4 months of age. This is ...
Fitzgerald A M AM Reprodoc Ltd., Fermoy, Co. - - 2014
The objective of this study was to quantify the phenotypic and genetic risk factors associated with multiple ovulations and twin births in cattle. Prevalence and cow- and herd-level risk factors associated with ovulation rate were determined using 40,617 ultrasonographic records of the reproductive tract from 27, 907 dairy and beef ...
Tawse Kirstin L KL New England Eye Center at Tufts Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
A girl born at 32 weeks' gestational age was diagnosed at birth with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection without ocular involvement. On day 19 of life, retinal examination requested for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) identified bilateral CMV retinitis and stage 1 ROP. Treatment of macular threatening CMV infection with intravitreal foscarnet ...
Taha Dalal D Pediatrics/Neonatology, Thomas Jefferson University/Nemours, Philadelphia, PA, United - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine if an early commencement of caffeine is associated with improved survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. Methods: Retrospective data analysis from the Alere Neonatal Database for infants weighing ≤ 1250 grams, and treated with caffeine within the first 10 days of life. The neonatal ...
Gonçalves-Ferri W A WA Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão PretoSP, Brasil, Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
This study evaluated whether the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the delivery room alters the need for mechanical ventilation and surfactant during the first 5 days of life and modifies the incidence of respiratory morbidity and mortality during the hospital stay. The study was a multicenter randomized ...
Grumach Anete S AS Dept. of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Brazil; Outpatient Clinic of recurrent infections, Faculty of Medicine ABC, SP, - - 2014
Blood levels of regulators of the complement system in preterm babies were reported in few studies only. The aim of this study was to set up a complement profile in premature and term babies focusing on the development of blood levels of MBL, key regulatory proteins and on classical pathway ...
Cantey Joseph B JB Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA, - - 2014
This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of group B Streptococcus (GBS) sepsis in infants aged 4-90 days [late onset (LO)] compared to infants >90 days of age [very late onset (VLO)]. Microbiology records at Children's Medical Center Dallas were screened. Demographic, clinical, and outcome data were collected for ...
Hessel Trine Witzner TW Department of Neonatology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To compare absolute values of regional cerebral tissue oxygenation (cStO2 ) during haemodynamic transition after birth and repeatability during steady state for two commercial near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) devices. In a prospective observational study the INVOS 5100C and FORE-SIGHT were compared on 12 term newborns delivered by elective caesarean section. During ...
Dobson Nicole R NR Department of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, - - 2014
To examine the effect of early initiation of caffeine therapy on neonatal outcomes and characterize the use of caffeine therapy in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We analyzed a cohort of 62 056 VLBW infants discharged between 1997 and 2010 who received caffeine therapy. We compared outcomes in infants receiving ...
Yarden-Bilavsky Havatzelet H Departments of Pediatrics A, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tiqva; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv - - 2014
To assess the common practices for evaluating and treating febrile infants aged ≤60 days in a nationwide survey. Questionnaires were administrated to inpatient paediatric departments in all 25 hospitals in Israel. Of the 25 centres surveyed (100% response rate), only 36% had written protocols concerning the approach to young febrile ...
Lowe John J 1Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK 2Department of Pediatric Pharmacology and Pharmacogenetics, Hôpital Robert Debré, Paris, - - 2014
Previous meta-analyses have reported a significant association between pulmonary colonization with Ureaplasma and development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, since few studies reporting oxygen dependency at 36 weeks corrected gestation were previously available, we updated the systematic review and meta-analyses to evaluate the association between presence of pulmonary Ureaplasma and ...
Dong Chen-Bin CB Department of Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, No. 399 Wanyuan Road, Minhang District, Shanghai 201102, - - 2014
Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is a congenital abnormality that may cause upper airway obstruction requiring surgical intervention. This preliminary study aimed to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of mandible traction with wires for the treatment of upper airway obstruction caused by PRS in Chinese infants. Measures of interest included transcutaneous ...
Ouattara S S Institut supérieur des sciences de la santé, université polytechnique de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, Centre hospitalier universitaire Souro Sanou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina - - 2014
Objective: to describe the feasibility and results of at-home follow-up of mothers and newborns discharged early from the maternity ward after normal childbirth. Method: This prospective descriptive study took place during a one month period (April 1-30, 2011) in five maternity units in Bobo-Dioulasso, the second largest city in Burkina ...
Meyer Sascha S Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Pediatrics and Neonatology, University Children's Hospital of Saarland, Homburg, - - 2014
Background: Prematurity and the associated risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remain a significant threat to extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Vitamin A has been considered a therapeutic alternative in reducing the rate of BPD and mortality. Objectives: To investigate whether early postnatal, additional high-dose oral vitamin A supplementation for ...
Griesmaier Elke E Department of Pediatrics II, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck, - - 2014
Background: The amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is a valuable tool for monitoring brain function in preterm infants. Several studies have discussed sex-related differences regarding neonatal morbidity and mortality. To date, no study has been published specifically evaluating potential sex-related differences in aEEG parameters. Objective: The aim of this study was to ...
Khuzakhmetova Venera V Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics Kazan Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 420111, PostBox 30, Kazan, - - 2014
The kinetics of the phasic synchronous and delayed asynchronous release of acetylcholine quanta was studied at the neuromuscular junctions of aging rats from infant to mature animals at various frequencies of rhythmic stimulation of the motor nerve. We found that in infants 6 (P6) and 10 (P10) days after birth ...
Hoffend Charlotte C Department of Legal Medicine, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Butenfeld 34, 22529, Hamburg, - - 2014
The incidence of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) has declined substantially, but the proportion of sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) in neonates, <7 days old, has increased among all SUDI cases in the first year of life. The aim of this study was to analyze circumstances and common features of ...
Yakut Ibrahim I Department of Pediatrics, Ankara Pediatric & Pediatric Hematology, Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
We investigate the efficacy of serial ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) measurements in diagnosis and follow-up of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and compare its effectiveness with C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), in NEC. Preterm infants, whose gestational age and weight matched each other, were grouped as control (n = 36) and NEC (n ...
Jernigan Sarah C SC Department of - - 2014
Object The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of CSF diversion with endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) versus shunt therapy in infants with hydrocephalus. Methods The authors conducted a retrospective analysis of 5416 infants 1 year of age or younger with hydrocephalus (congenital or acquired) in whom CSF ...
Murthy Karna K Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; Department of Pediatrics, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The optimal surgical approach in infants with gastroschisis (GS) is unknown. The purpose of this study was to estimate the association between staged closure and length of stay (LOS) in infants with GS. We used the Children's Hospital Neonatal Database to identify surviving infants with GS born ≥34weeks' gestation referred ...
Sampson Mario R MR From the *Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham; †University of North Carolina, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, NC; ‡Wichita Medical Research and Education Foundation, Wichita, KS; §EMMES Corporation, Rockville, MD; and ¶University of California-San Diego, Schools of Medicine and Pharmacy, La Jolla, - - 2014
Acyclovir is used to treat herpes infections in preterm and term infants; however, the influence of maturation on drug disposition and dosing requirements is poorly characterized in this population. We administered intravenous acyclovir to preterm and term infants <31 days postnatal age and collected plasma samples. We performed a population ...
Park Jinhee J School of Nursing, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of - - 2014
Very preterm (VP, ≤30 wk gestational age) infants are at risk for impaired lung function, which significantly limits their ability to eat. A semielevated side-lying (ESL) position is a feeding strategy that may improve oral feeding by supporting breathing during feeding. The study evaluated the efficacy of the ESL position ...
Sutcliffe Catherine G CG Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of - - 2014
Early infant HIV diagnosis is challenging in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in rural areas where laboratory capacity is limited. Specimens must be transported to central laboratories for testing, leading to delays in diagnosis and initiation of antiretroviral therapy. This study was undertaken in rural Zambia to measure the turnaround time for ...
Gorry Conner - - 2014
David, Daniel, and Diego were born at 32 weeks via caesarean section in Cuba's eastern province of Granma-they weighed between 1520 and 1780 grams each. Their mother, Dayanis Díaz, wasn't producing enough milk for her triplets and just 24 hours after birth, they were being fed with pasteurized milk from ...
Thoene Melissa M Newborn Intensive Care Unit, Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198, USA. - - 2014
The use of human milk fortifiers (HMF) helps to meet the high nutritional requirements of the human milk-fed premature infant. Previously available powdered products have not met the protein requirements of the preterm infant population and many neonatologists add powder protein modulars to help meet protein needs. The use of ...
Buchanan Ann M AM Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre, Moshi, Tanzania ; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, United States of America ; Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, United States of - - 2014
Mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV-1 remains an important problem in sub-Saharan Africa where most new pediatric HIV-1 infections occur. Early infant diagnosis of HIV-1 using dried blood spot (DBS) PCR among exposed infants provides an opportunity to assess current MTCT rates. We conducted a retrospective data analysis on ...
Ahmad Syed Amir SA Department of Emergency Medicine, Pediatric Emergency, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2014
Bronchiolitis is a self-limiting disease of children caused by viral infections of the small airways with a wide spectrum of illness severity. Search of the literature reveals a need for refinement of criteria for testing for concomitant severe bacterial infections as well as appropriate therapeutic interventions for patients <90-day-old diagnosed ...
Takahashi Mihoko M Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Saitama Medical - - 2014
Objectives To investigate the effect of determining birthdays by social factors on the distribution of daily live births.Methods We obtained data on live births tabulated by date and birthplace (hospitals, clinics, and maternity homes) between 1981 and 2010 in Japan from the National Vital Statistics System. This study analyzed the variations in ...
Ponrartana Skorn S Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
The buccal fat pad (BFP) is an encapsulated mass of adipose tissue thought to enhance the sucking capabilities of the masticatory muscles during infancy. To date, no conclusive evidence has been provided as to the composition of the BFP in early postnatal life. The purpose of this study was to ...
Murray Joanna J Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United - - 2014
To examine the timing and duration of RSV bronchiolitis hospital admission among term and preterm infants in England and to identify risk factors for bronchiolitis admission. A population-based birth cohort with follow-up to age 1 year, using the Hospital Episode Statistics database. 71 hospitals across England. We identified 296618 individual ...
Lund Marie M Department of Epidemiology Research, National Health Surveillance and Research, Statens Serum Institut, Artillerivej 5, 2300 Copenhagen S, - - 2014
To assess the association between use of macrolide antibiotics in mothers and infants from pregnancy onset until 120 days after birth and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (IHPS). Nationwide register based cohort study. Denmark, 1996-2011. 999 378 liveborn singletons and linked individual level information on macrolide prescriptions (maternal use during pregnancy, n=30 091; ...
Chisholm Karen M KM Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Institute, Cleveland Clinic, 9500 Euclid Avenue, L21, Cleveland, OH 44195; phone: 216 444 5777; e mail: - - 2014
In our autopsy experience, abnormal erythroblast nuclear contours are frequently observed in the stillborn fetus or neonate without marrow failure disorders. Bone marrow and liver slides from autopsies of fetuses and infants less than six months of age were analyzed for the percent erythroblasts with nuclear irregularities, and correlated with ...
Ishibashi Hiroki H Department of Pediatric Surgery and Pediatric Endoscopic Surgery, Tokushima University - - 2014
Iliopsoas abscess (IPA) is uncommon in childhood and very rare in the neonate and infant. We present a case of IPA after an umbilical granuloma in an infant. A baby girl with a birth weight of 2,970 g was born at thirty-seven weeks and two days gestation by Caesarean Section. ...
Sargent Barbara B Division of Biokinesiology & Physical Therapy, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, United States of - - 2014
A critical issue in the study of infant development is to identify the processes by which task-specific action emerges from spontaneous movement. Emergent leg action has been studied by providing contingent reinforcement to specific leg movements using an overhead infant-activated mobile, however, there is limited information on the strategies used ...
Meszes Angéla A Department of Dermatology and Allergology, University of Szeged, Szeged, - - 2014
Wound care in neonates demands special awareness of the anatomical and physiological characteristics of their skin, and the danger of adverse mechanical and toxicological events. Here, we present the case of a full-term neonate born with myelomeningocele. Following the closing surgery on the 3rd day of postuterine life, the operated ...
Thorisdottir Birna B Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali University Hospital & Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland, Eiriksgata 29, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland. - - 2014
The objective was to assess the vitamin D status in healthy 12-month-old infants in relation to quantity and sources of dietary vitamin D, breastfeeding and seasons. Subjects were 76 12-month-old infants. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) ≥ 50 nmol/L were considered indicative of vitamin D sufficiency and 25(OH)D < ...
Fusch Christoph C Department of Pediatrics, McMaster University & Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Ont., - - 2014
The sudden disruption of excessive placental supply with fluids and electrolytes is challenging for neonatal physiology during the period of postnatal adaptation. Different from many other nutrients, the body experiences large changes in daily requirements during the first 7-14 postnatal days, and on the other hand does not tolerate conditions ...
Erol Sara - - 2014
Nosocomial blood stream infections (NBSI) are a significant hazard in health care facilities, exacting a tremendous toll and causing increased morbidity, mortality, and increased length of hospital stay and health care costs. In this article, we report the results of a retrospective cohort study to describe the epidemiology of pseudomonas ...
Perisson Caroline C Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Trousseau Children Hospital, Paris, - - 2014
A 3-month-old infant was admitted to the respiratory unit for dyspnoea and vomiting after her second DTaP-Polio vaccine shot. The chest X-rays showed a white right lung with a left mediastinal shift. A pleural aspiration assessed the diagnosis of chylothorax. A conservative treatment was initiated with a fat-free diet and ...
Sharma Deepak D Department of Neonatology, Fernandez Hospital, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
A preterm male infant (35 weeks), appropriate for gestational age with birth weight of 2.20 kg was born to a 28-year G2 P0 mother. The mother's blood group was A positive and the father's was B positive. Her first pregnancy was an intrauterine fetal death due to immune hydrops. The ...
Papagaroufalis Konstantinos K Maternity Helena Venizelou, Athens, - - 2014
d-Lactic acidosis in infants fed lactic acid bacteria-containing products is a concern. The primary objective of this non-inferiority trial was to compare urinary d-lactic acid concentrations during the first 28 days of life in infants fed formula containing Lactobacillus reuteri (1.2 × 10(6) colony forming units (CFU)/ml) with those fed ...
Rai Birendra B Department of Pediatrics, Midland Regional Hospital, Mullingar, Westmeath, - - 2014
A male infant was born at 34 weeks' gestation to a primigravida mother. The mother had a history of 1 day of diarrhoea and mild fever 8 days prior to delivery. Her blood culture was negative during the illness and her stool did not grow any pathological organism. The baby had poor feeding ...
Sriram Sudhir S Department of Pediatrics, University of Chicago, 5841 South Maryland Avenue MC 6060, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2014
Aim. To determine among infants born before the 28th week of gestation to what extent blood gas abnormalities during the first three postnatal days provide information about the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Methods. We studied the association of extreme quartiles of blood gas measurements (hypoxemia, hyperoxemia, hypocapnea, and hypercapnea) ...
Patelarou Evridiki E Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, King's College London, London SE18WA, UK. - - 2014
The purpose of this review was to summarize existing epidemiological evidence of the association between quantitative estimates of indoor air pollution and all-day personal exposure with adverse birth outcomes including fetal growth, prematurity and miscarriage. We carried out a systematic literature search of MEDLINE and EMBASE databases with the aim ...
Lukasse Mirjam M Department of Public Health and General Practice, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Department of Health, Nutrition and Management, Oslo and Akershus university college of applied sciences, Oslo, - - 2014
We sought to prospectively study the association between antenatal emotional distress and gestational length at birth as well as preterm birth. We followed up 40,077 primiparous women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Emotional distress was reported in a short form of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (SCL-5) at ...
Geoghegan Sarah F SF Department of Neonatology, National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, - - 2014
A baby girl was delivered by emergency caesarean section at 23+6 weeks gestation weighing 440 g. Apgar scores were 1, 3 and 4 at 1, 5 and 10 min, respectively. She was intubated and transferred to the neonatal intensive care unit. Umbilical arterial and venous lines and an orogastric tube (OGT) were inserted. ...
Kanti V V Department of Dermatology and Allergy, Clinical Research Center for Hair and Skin Science, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
In preterm infants, skin barrier maturation entails regional variability. To characterize postnatal skin barrier development in covered, uncovered and diapered regions in healthy premature infants over a longitudinal observation period. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL), stratum corneum hydration (SCH), pH and sebum were measured at postnatal ages of 1-7 days and ...
Aurpibul Linda L Research Institute for Health Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, - - 2014
Dengue is a mosquito-borne infection affecting children and adults worldwide. In newborn infants, the dengue virus can cause diseases, especially in infants born to pregnant women hospitalised with dengue or postpartum women with fever. The authors report a case of a term newborn infant who presented with haemodynamic instability and ...
Hoerning André A Department for Pediatric Nephrology, Gastroenterology, Endocrinology and Transplant Medicine, Clinic for Pediatrics II, University Children's Hospital Essen, University Duisburg-Essen , Essen , Germany ; Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, University Children's Hospital Erlangen, Friedrich-Alexander University , Erlangen , - - 2014
Rapidly establishing the cause of neonatal cholestasis is an urgent matter. The aim of this study was to report on the prevalence and mortality of the diverse disorders causing neonatal cholestasis in an academic center in Germany. Clinical chemistry and cause of disease were retrospectively analyzed in 82 infants (male ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >