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Results 101 - 150 of 1828
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Tubbs-Cooley Heather L HL Research in Patient Services, Division of Nursing, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, - - 2014
Objective To examine the association of missed oral feeding opportunities among preterm infants with achievement of full oral feedings and length of hospitalization. Study Design A secondary analysis of clinical trial data was conducted. Study infants included in the analysis (N = 89) were randomized to one of four standardized feeding progression approaches; detailed ...
Jeziorsky Eric E Department of Pediatrics, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France; INSERM U1058, Montpellier 1 University, Montpellier, - - 2014
The human parechoviruses (HPeVs) were recently recognized as important viral pathogens involved in various illnesses in young children. However, routine detection is not performed in most clinical laboratories. Therefore, in this study, we aim to assess the relevance of HPeV detection in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of infants, according to clinical ...
Besançon Alix A A Besançon, Endocrinologie-Diabétologie-Gynécologie Pédiatrique, Hopital Necker, PARIS, - - 2014
Hyperthyroidism in neonates born to mothers with Graves' disease (GD) can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality but is still overlooked by clinicians. Management of neonatal hyperthyroidism would be improved by a better understanding of the predictive factors involved. The aim of this study was to evaluate the course ...
Borschel Marlene W MW 1Abbott Nutrition, Abbott Laboratories, Columbus, OH, - - 2014
Extensively hydrolyzed formulas present a complex matrix subject to adverse conditions during manufacture that could influence growth and tolerance of infants fed these formulas. A masked, randomized, parallel growth study was conducted in infants fed a ready-to-feed (RTF) or powdered (PWD) form of an extensively hydrolyzed casein-based formula. Infants were ...
Senniappan Senthil S From the Developmental Endocrinology Research Group, Clinical and Molecular Genetics Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College London (S.S., P.S., V.A., K.H.), and the Departments of Paediatric Endocrinology (S.S., P.S., V.A., K.H.) and Histopathology (D.P., M.A.), Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, London, and the Institute of Biomedical and Clinical Science, University of Exeter Medical School, Exeter (S.F., S.E.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Department of Pathology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco (S.A.); and the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston (N.T., - - 2014
Hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia is the most common cause of severe, persistent neonatal hypoglycemia. The treatment of hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia that is unresponsive to diazoxide is subtotal pancreatectomy. We examined the effectiveness of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor sirolimus in four infants with severe hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia that had been unresponsive to ...
Bender Jeffrey M JM Department of Pediatrics, Kaiser Permanente, Los Angeles Medical Center, Los Angeles, California; Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Human rhinovirus (HRV) is a common cause of respiratory illness in children. The impact of HRV infection on 1- to 90-day-old infants is unclear. We hypothesized that HRV infection would be clinically similar to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection in the hospitalized infants. We conducted a retrospective study of hospitalized ...
Wei Yi-Hsuan YH Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatric, Changhua Christian Hospital, Changhua, - - 2014
Pneumothorax is more frequent in the neonatal period, especially among premature infants. Pigtail catheters have been shown to be as effective as and less invasive than traditional chest tubes in adults; however, data regarding premature infants are limited. We aimed to compare the efficacy, safety, and complications associated with the ...
De Jong Grant D GD Ecological Division, GEI Consultants Inc., Denver, CO, - - 2014
Urogenital myiasis of newborn infants, although rare, is usually considered to indicate neglect due to attraction of flies to feces; however, infant feces have not been determined to attract insects. Human meconium and breast-fed-infant feces were used to determine attractiveness to insects and to examine subsequent colonization and growth patterns ...
Kuban Karl C K KC 1Department of Pediatrics, Boston Medical Center, Boston, MA, - - 2014
The authors hypothesized that among extremely preterm infants, elevated concentrations of inflammation-related proteins in neonatal blood are associated with cerebral palsy at 24 months. In 939 infants born before 28 weeks gestation, the authors measured blood concentrations of 25 proteins on postnatal days 1, 7, and 14 and evaluated associations ...
Garofoli Francesca F Neonatal Immunology Laboratory, Neonatal Unit and Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo , Pavia , Italy - - 2014
Abstract Forty breastfed full-term infants were randomly, double blind assigned to receive orally Lactobacillus reuteri (L. reuteri) DSM 17938, 5 drops/daily (10(8) colony-forming units), for 4 weeks (n = 20) or an identical placebo (n = 20), starting before third day of life. They underwent basal and final visit to monitor growth parameters and ...
Baxi Anand C AC Division of Pediatric Cardiology, Sibley Heart Center, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University School of Medicine, 1405 Clifton Road, NE, Atlanta, GA, 30322-1062, USA, - - 2014
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a rare but catastrophic complication that may occur in newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD). In the preterm population, transfusion of red blood cells (RBCs) and use of RBCs with longer storage time have been independently associated with the development of NEC. To date, it is ...
Smirk Cameron L CL Newborn Services, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is an increasingly common disorder diagnosed in infants exposed to various drugs, causing immense financial and social burden. Recommendations from various bodies are for babies to be monitored for 4 to 7 days following birth so that prompt treatment can commence should symptoms develop. We aimed ...
Escamilla-Nuñez María Consuelo - - 2014
Prenatal consumption of omega-3 fatty acids can act as an adjuvant in the development of the immune system and affect the inflammatory response of neonates. We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Cuernavaca, Mexico. We randomly assigned 1,094 pregnant women (18 to 35 years of age) to receive 400 ...
Jonsdottir Olof H OH 1 Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali, The National University Hospital of Iceland and Faculty of Food Science and Nutrition, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland , Reykjavik, Iceland - - 2014
Abstract Introduction: Breastfeeding has several advantages for both mother and child. Lactation consultants may promote prolonged breastfeeding, but little is known about their impact on the initiation of complementary feeding. Subjects and Methods: Dietary intake during the initial complementary feeding period from 5 to 6 months was collected on mother-infant ...
Testoni Daniela D From the * Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC; † Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, NC; ‡ Pediatrix-Obstetrix Center for Research and Education, Sunrise, FL; § Division of Neonatal Medicine, Escola Paulista de Medicina - Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; ¶ Department of Economics, Clemson University, Clemson, - - 2014
The epidemiology and incidence of late-onset bloodstream infections (BSIs) in premature infants has been described, but studies describing late-onset BSI in term infants are sparse. We sought to describe the pathogens, incidence, risk factors, and mortality of late-onset BSI in hospitalized term infants. A cohort study was conducted of infants ...
Cohen-Wolkowiez Michael M Department of Pediatrics, Duke University, Durham, - - 2014
Piperacillin-tazobactam is often given to infants with severe infection in spite of limited pharmacokinetics (PK) data. We evaluated piperacillin-tazobactam PK in premature and term infants aged <61 days with suspected systemic infection. Infants received intravenous piperacillin-tazobactam (80-100 mg/kg q 8hrs) based on gestational and postnatal age. Sparse plasma samples were ...
Malkar Manish B MB Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Nationwide Children's Hospital, The Ohio State University, Columbus, - - 2014
We tested the hypothesis that Respiratory Severity Score (RSS) on day of life 30 is predictive of mortality and length of mechanical ventilation in premature infants on prolonged mechanical ventilation. A retrospective chart review was performed using the Nationwide Children's Hospital medical record and Vermont-Oxford Network databases. The primary outcome ...
Natalucci Giancarlo G 1] Department of Neonatology, Zurich University Hospital, 8091 Zurich, Switzerland [2] Child Development Centre, Zurich University Children's Hospital, 8032 Zurich, - - 2014
Background:Amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) is increasingly used for neuromonitoring in preterms. We aimed to quantify the effects of gestational age (GA), postnatal age (PNA), and other perinatal factors on the development of aEEG early after birth in very preterm newborns with normal cerebral ultrasounds.Methods:Continuous aEEG was prospectively performed in 96 newborns ...
Schumacher E M EM Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, - - 2014
Background: Spectral EEG analysis using automated quantification of total absolute band power (tABP) expresses brain function. We hypothesized that pCO2 or blood glucose affects tABP during the critical first days of life in premature infants. Objective: To use automated tABP quantification to determine whether EEG background activity in premature infants ...
Nestaas Eirik E Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Norway; Department of Paediatrics, Vestfold Hospital Trust, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Therapeutic hypothermia has become standard treatment for moderate and severe neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) to reduce cerebral morbidity and mortality. The effect on the heart is incompletely explored. To assess the myocardial function during and after whole-body therapeutic hypothermia for HIE. Observational cohort study. Forty-four infants with HIE cooled for ...
Hamilton Emily E Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Debate exists about when to initiate enteral feeding (EF) in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. This retrospective study compared the effectiveness of an education-based quality improvement project and the relationship of time of the first EF to necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or death incidence and parenteral nutrition (PN) days ...
Toyama Noriko N Department of Human Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Human Sciences, Waseda University, Mikajima 2-579-15, Tokorozawa, SAITAMA, 359-1192, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the weaning period, infants are not skilled at self-feeding and caregivers play a prominent role in feeding. Solid feeding is therefore an inherently collaborative and interactive process between infants and caregivers. The present study examined how caregivers and infants coordinate their solid feeding interactions, based on naturalistic longitudinal observations ...
Herrmann Kenneth K 1 Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine , Indianapolis, - - 2014
Abstract Objective: This study tested the hypothesis that feeding an exclusively human milk (EHM) diet to premature infants reduces the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) associated with enteral feeding. Study Design: An observational study for infants born at less than 33 weeks of gestational age was performed in a single ...
Cizmeci Mehmet Nevzat - - 2014
To investigate the characteristic features of transient neonatal feeding intolerance (TNFI) during the hospitalization for birth in the maternity ward. A prospective follow-up study. Maternity ward and neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in an academic medical center. Term (≥ 37-weeks gestation) infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit with ...
Queiroz Thais Costa Nascentes TC Departamento de Gastroenterologia Pediátrica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
Context Biliary atresia is a progressive, idiopathic, fibro-obliterative disease of the extrahepatic biliary tree that pre-sents with biliary obstruction exclusively in the neonatal period. Objectives To assess the differences regarding age at referral, age at surgery, duration of propaedeutics and waiting time for surgery between two groups of infants in ...
Do Hyun Jeong HJ Department of Pediatrics, Gyeongsang Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Jinju, - - 2014
Neonatal late-onset hypocalcemia is defined as hypocalcemia developed after postnatal 3 days and associated with hypoparathyroidism, high phosphate diets and vitamin D deficiency. We experienced the increment of neonatal late onset hypocalcemia over 1 year. We tried to evaluate the relationship between late onset hypocalcemia and maternal hypovitaminosis D. The ...
Natu Sanjay A SA Associate Professor, Department of Paediatrics, Smt Kashibai Navale Medical College , Pune, India - - 2014
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a potentially fatal, hyper inflammatory condition which is caused by a highly stimulated but ineffective immune response. We are presenting here, a case of HLH which occurred in a 45 day infant. Presence of lung cavity and a lytic bone lesion in the skull, as was ...
Tabel Yılmaz Y Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Inonu, Malatya, - - 2014
The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate urinary glutathione S transferases π (GST-π), beta-2-microglobulin (B2-MG), and N-acetyl-β-d-glucosaminidase (NAG) levels as markers revealing the effect of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) on renal function in preterm infants. The study was performed with 76 preterm infants whose gestational ages were between ...
Tillman Emma M EM 1Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, - - 2014
Background: In 2009, an intestinal rehabilitation team implemented feeding guidelines for infants following gastrointestinal surgery at our institution. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of enteral feeding guidelines on the incidence of parenteral nutrition (PN)-associated liver disease (PNALD) in infants with surgically managed necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). ...
Cantey Joseph B JB Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address: - - 2014
In 2012, pertussis outbreak in a Dallas county resulted in the deaths of 4 children (3, unvaccinated; 2, <60 days of age). Despite recommendations that include immunization of women preferably during the third trimester of pregnancy or postpartum, household contacts ("cocooning"), and infants as early as 42 days of age, ...
Tsai A J AJ Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Medical School at Houston, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Objective:To determine which neuroimaging, clinical and sociodemographic factors predict neurodevelopment at 18-22 months age among extremely preterm infants with intraparenchymal hemorrhage (IPH).Study Design:Cranial ultrasounds performed before 42 days of age and cranial ultrasounds/magnetic resonance images of the brain performed near discharge were reviewed for hemorrhage location and other abnormalities. Clinical ...
Harmon Jeffrey J University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Office of Student Affairs, Medical Sciences Building E-251, PO Box 670552, Cincinnati, OH 45267, United - - 2014
This series of three patients is the first description of the presentation, clinical course, and endoscopic findings of nasogastric tube-related airway distress, or nasogastric tube syndrome, in infants. We identify key differences in disease features from those described in adults, based on our literature review. Specifically, infant nasogastric tube syndrome ...
Greenwood Corryn C Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH; Division of Neonatology, Advocate Children's Hospital, Oak Lawn, - - 2014
To determine the impact of empiric ampicillin and gentamicin use in the first week of life on microbial colonization and diversity in preterm infants. The 16s ribosomal DNA community profiling was used to compare the microbiota of 74 infants born ≤32 weeks gestational age by degree of antibiotic use in ...
Bigger H R HR Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:The objective of this study was to compare the currently used human milk (HM) quality indicators that measure whether very low-birthweight (VLBW; <1500 g birthweight) infants 'ever' received HM and whether they were still receiving HM at discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to the actual amount and timing ...
Wright Tiffany T University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Long-term pulmonary outcomes of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) have demonstrated airflow obstruction in later childhood. We examined pulmonary function data to assess what factors predict lung function in the first three years of life in children with CDH. This was a retrospective study of patients treated for CDH who underwent ...
Shibasaki Jun J Department of Neonatology, Kanagawa Children's Medical Center, Yokohama City, Kanagawa, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate the use of indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography in the diagnosis and assessment of the severity of lymphatic dysfunction in infants and neonates with congenital lymphatic pleural effusion and ascites. We performed ICG lymphography on 10 neonates and infants with congenital lymphatic pleural effusion and ascites. After the subcutaneous ...
Souza Alcidésio A Jr Mother and Child Hospital of Brasilia, SGAS, Av. L2 Sul, Quadra 608, Módulo A Asa Sul, Brasília, Federal District, Brazil, - - 2014
The aim was to describe the exposure to excipients among neonates hospitalised in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a public hospital in Brasilia, Brazil. This was a retrospective study based on medicines that were prescribed electronically to neonates (≤28 days) who were admitted to the NICU of a hospital ...
Li Jing-En JE *Radiology Department, the Children's Hospital Affliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, China.215003 †Radiology Department, No.4 Hospital of Xi'an, Xi'an, China.710000 ‡General Surgery Department, the Children's Hospital Affliated to Soochow University, Suzhou, - - 2014
Intussusception is rare in infants less than 4 months of age and the use of air enema for reduction of intussusception has been limited. In this retrospective study, we analyzed the predictors of successful reduction of intussusception using air enema in infants less than 4 months of age. This is ...
Fitzgerald A M AM Reprodoc Ltd., Fermoy, Co. - - 2014
The objective of this study was to quantify the phenotypic and genetic risk factors associated with multiple ovulations and twin births in cattle. Prevalence and cow- and herd-level risk factors associated with ovulation rate were determined using 40,617 ultrasonographic records of the reproductive tract from 27, 907 dairy and beef ...
Tawse Kirstin L KL New England Eye Center at Tufts Medical Center, Boston, - - 2014
A girl born at 32 weeks' gestational age was diagnosed at birth with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection without ocular involvement. On day 19 of life, retinal examination requested for retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) identified bilateral CMV retinitis and stage 1 ROP. Treatment of macular threatening CMV infection with intravitreal foscarnet ...
Taha Dalal D Pediatrics/Neonatology, Thomas Jefferson University/Nemours, Philadelphia, PA, United - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine if an early commencement of caffeine is associated with improved survival without bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in preterm infants. Methods: Retrospective data analysis from the Alere Neonatal Database for infants weighing ≤ 1250 grams, and treated with caffeine within the first 10 days of life. The neonatal ...
Gonçalves-Ferri W A WA Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão PretoSP, Brasil, Departamento de Pediatria, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
This study evaluated whether the use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in the delivery room alters the need for mechanical ventilation and surfactant during the first 5 days of life and modifies the incidence of respiratory morbidity and mortality during the hospital stay. The study was a multicenter randomized ...
Grumach Anete S AS Dept. of Dermatology, Faculty of Medicine, University of São Paulo, Brazil; Outpatient Clinic of recurrent infections, Faculty of Medicine ABC, SP, - - 2014
Blood levels of regulators of the complement system in preterm babies were reported in few studies only. The aim of this study was to set up a complement profile in premature and term babies focusing on the development of blood levels of MBL, key regulatory proteins and on classical pathway ...
Cantey Joseph B JB Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA, - - 2014
This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of group B Streptococcus (GBS) sepsis in infants aged 4-90 days [late onset (LO)] compared to infants >90 days of age [very late onset (VLO)]. Microbiology records at Children's Medical Center Dallas were screened. Demographic, clinical, and outcome data were collected for ...
Hessel Trine Witzner TW Department of Neonatology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Blegdamsvej 9, Copenhagen, - - 2014
To compare absolute values of regional cerebral tissue oxygenation (cStO2 ) during haemodynamic transition after birth and repeatability during steady state for two commercial near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) devices. In a prospective observational study the INVOS 5100C and FORE-SIGHT were compared on 12 term newborns delivered by elective caesarean section. During ...
Dobson Nicole R NR Department of Pediatrics, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, - - 2014
To examine the effect of early initiation of caffeine therapy on neonatal outcomes and characterize the use of caffeine therapy in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. We analyzed a cohort of 62 056 VLBW infants discharged between 1997 and 2010 who received caffeine therapy. We compared outcomes in infants receiving ...
Yarden-Bilavsky Havatzelet H Departments of Pediatrics A, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Petah Tiqva; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv - - 2014
To assess the common practices for evaluating and treating febrile infants aged ≤60 days in a nationwide survey. Questionnaires were administrated to inpatient paediatric departments in all 25 hospitals in Israel. Of the 25 centres surveyed (100% response rate), only 36% had written protocols concerning the approach to young febrile ...
Lowe John J 1Department of Child Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK 2Department of Pediatric Pharmacology and Pharmacogenetics, Hôpital Robert Debré, Paris, - - 2014
Previous meta-analyses have reported a significant association between pulmonary colonization with Ureaplasma and development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). However, since few studies reporting oxygen dependency at 36 weeks corrected gestation were previously available, we updated the systematic review and meta-analyses to evaluate the association between presence of pulmonary Ureaplasma and ...
Dong Chen-Bin CB Department of Plastic Surgery, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, No. 399 Wanyuan Road, Minhang District, Shanghai 201102, - - 2014
Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) is a congenital abnormality that may cause upper airway obstruction requiring surgical intervention. This preliminary study aimed to examine the feasibility and effectiveness of mandible traction with wires for the treatment of upper airway obstruction caused by PRS in Chinese infants. Measures of interest included transcutaneous ...
Ouattara S S Institut supérieur des sciences de la santé, université polytechnique de Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina Faso, Centre hospitalier universitaire Souro Sanou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Burkina - - 2014
Objective: to describe the feasibility and results of at-home follow-up of mothers and newborns discharged early from the maternity ward after normal childbirth. Method: This prospective descriptive study took place during a one month period (April 1-30, 2011) in five maternity units in Bobo-Dioulasso, the second largest city in Burkina ...
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