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Results 51 - 100 of 1828
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Durand Sabine S Department of Neonatology, Arnaud de Villeneuve Hospital, Montpellier University Hospital Center, Montpellier, - - 2014
Nosocomial infections (NIs) are a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in premature infants. We present a new method for detecting and confirming NIs in a neonatal intensive care unit. Newborns with birth weight < 1,500 g or gestational age (GA) < 33 weeks were included prospectively over 2 years in a single-center tertiary neonatal intensive ...
Guo Mindy Ming-Huey MM Department of Pediatrics, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chang Gung University College of Medicine, - - 2014
Objective This study aims to investigate the association between fluid intake in the first 4 days of life and the subsequent severity of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in very low-birth-weight infants (VLBWI). Study Design A retrospective chart review of 75 infants with a gestational age of less than 32 weeks and a birth ...
Clark Reese H RH Pediatrix-Obstetrix Center for Research, Education and Quality, Sunrise, Florida - - 2014
To describe the influence that gestational age and chronological age have on amino acid and acylcarnitine profiles in an at-risk population of premature infants.METHODS: Metabolic profiles (15 amino acids and 35 acylcarnitines) were obtained by using standard newborn techniques on infants born between 23 and 31 completed weeks of gestation. ...
Truog W E WE Center for Infant Pulmonary Disorders, Children's Mercy Hospitals and Clinics and the University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Medicine, Kansas City, MO, - - 2014
Objective:The use of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in preterm infants remains controversial. In October 2010, a National Institutes of Health consensus development conference cautioned against use of iNO in preterm infants. This study aims (1) to determine the prevalence and variability in use of iNO in the Eunice Kennedy Shriver ...
Bravo Lulu L National Institutes of Health-University of The Philippines Manila; Manila, The - - 2014
Regulatory bodies in The Philippines, Sri Lanka, and India require post-marketing surveillance to provide additional safety data on Rotarix™ in real-life settings. In such studies conducted in The Philippines (November 2006 to July 2012; NCT00353366), Sri Lanka (November 2008 to August 2009; NCT00779779), and India (August 2009 to April 2010; ...
Letshwiti Johannes Buca JB Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Coombe Women and Infants University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland, - - 2014
The aim of the study was to assess the role of plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentration as a predictor of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in very low birth weight infants beyond the first week of life. This was a prospective observational study; newborns with a birth weight < 1500 g were ...
Machado Jr Luis C LC Campinas State Universtity (Unicamp), School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Rua Alexandre Benois, 180/101, São Paulo 05729-090, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
To compare neonatal deaths and complications in infants born at 34-36 weeks and six days (late preterm: LPT) with those born at term (37-41 weeks and six days); to compare deaths of early term (37-38 weeks) versus late term (39-41 weeks and six days) infants; to search for any temporal ...
Pastore V V Pediatric Surgery Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Viale Pinto 1, 71122, Foggia, Italy, - - 2014
To retrospectively analyze the feasibility, safety and complication rate of laparoscopic inguinal herniorraphy in babies weighing 5 kg or less. Thirty infants weighing 5 kg or less underwent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair during a 3-year period. Twenty-eight infants were born preterm and the mean body weight at surgery was 3,800 kg. Internal inguinal ...
Papadopoulou A A 3rd Department of Pediatrics, Medical School, University of Athens, University General Hospital Attikon, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
Infants born from mothers with Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) experience several complications, including a higher rate of postnatal hypocalcemia. In this study, we investigated the association between calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) and neonatal hypocalcemia observed in GDM pregnancies. Our study consisted of 58 pregnant women with GDM and 40 healthy ...
Averbuch Diana D From the *Department of Pediatrics, Ein Kerem, †Pediatric Infectious Diseases Unit, ‡Department of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, §Department of Pediatrics, Mount Scopus, ¶Department of Medical Imaging, and ‖Pediatric Nephrology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel; and **School of Primary Health Care, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, - - 2014
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most frequent severe bacterial infection in infants. Up to 31% of infants with UTI have bacteremia. We retrospectively identified all infants aged 0-2 months who were managed in our hospital with UTI during a 1-year period. Those with bacteremia were compared with those without ...
Zao Jamie - - 2014
My patient has a urinary tract infection and is currently breastfeeding. Her son is only 3 weeks old. Is nitrofurantoin a safe antibiotic for treatment? The use of nitrofurantoin in breastfeeding mothers is generally safe, as only small amounts transfer into the breast milk. Despite the lack of documented reports, ...
Te Beest Dennis E DE Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, The - - 2014
Increasing incidence has led to the re-appearance of pertussis as a public health problem in developed countries. Pertussis infection is usually mild in vaccinated children and adults, but it can be fatal in infants who are too young for effective vaccination (≤3months). Tailoring of control strategies to prevent infection of ...
Butler T Jeffrey - - 2014
Apnea of prematurity, a common disorder, can severely compromise an infant's condition unless correctly diagnosed and treated. Infants with a history of apnea of prematurity can be discharged home but then be rehospitalized for an apneic event, an apparent life-threatening event, or sudden infant death syndrome. The definition of a ...
Kon Igor Ya IY Scientific Research Institute of Nutrition of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Moscow, Russian - - 2014
To evaluate safety, gastrointestinal tolerance, and growth of a new experimental starter formula (NESF) fortified with lutein, prebiotics, probiotics, nucleotides and beta-carotene, fed to infants within the first months of life. This was a non-randomized, open, uncontrolled study conducted from December 2010 to May 2011. Twenty-three healthy infants aged 10 ...
Yoo Byung Geon BG Postgraduate School of Medicine, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, - - 2014
Gastroesophageal reflux in infant is a physiological process. However, surgery is performed in high risk infants with severe gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) when medical management fails. This study focuses on efficacy and safety of Nissen fundoplication for GERD in infants under age 12 months. This study was a retrospective case ...
Frederiksen Hanne H University Department of Growth and Reproduction, Rigshospitalet, Faculty of Health Sciences, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Some phthalates have shown anti-androgenic effects in rat offspring. Premature infants may be exposed to high amounts of specific phthalates during hospitalization and thus are potentially at risk. We evaluated longitudinal phthalate exposure and metabolism in full term (FT) and preterm (PT) infants. Fifty-eight FT and 67 PT (gestational age ...
Pruikkonen H H Department of Paediatrics, University of Oulu, and University Hospital of Oulu, Oulu, - - 2014
This study examined the need for, and timing of, major medical interventions (MMIs) in infants under six-months-of-age with bronchiolitis. We reviewed the medical records of 353 children who visited our emergency department with bronchiolitis. MMI was defined as the need for any of the following interventions during admission: supplementary oxygen, ...
Aly Hany H Department of Neonatology, the George Washington University and Children's National Medical Center, Washington DC, - - 2014
Abstract Objectives: Late preterm infants are the fastest growing segment of the premature infant population in the U.S. However, it is not known if demographic and clinical factors can impact the length of hospital stay (LOS) in this population. The objectives of this study are to determine a) factors associated ...
Korkmaz Hüseyin Anıl - - 2014
Abstract Aim: To assess the efficiency of oral desmopressin lyophilisate (ODL) in neonatal central diabetes insipidus (CDI). Methods: The characteristics of four newborns with CDI treated with ODL were evaluated. Results: Four newborns with polyuria and hypernatremia were included [male, 2 (50%); mean postnatal age, 19±17 days]. At the time ...
Fernández David D Interdepartmental Doctoral Program in Anthropological Sciences, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, New - - 2014
An accurate description of reproductive characteristics and ovarian endocrinology is necessary to address questions about the reproductive strategies and life history of a species and for meaningful, cross species analyses. Here we used analysis of fecal estradiol (fE) and behavioral observations to determine for the first time the reproductive characteristics ...
Stojanović Vesna V Intensive Care Unit, Institute for Child and Youth Health Care of Vojvodina, Medical Faculty, University of Novi Sad, Hajduk Veljkova 10, Novi Sad, 21000, Serbia, - - 2014
The factors that contribute to the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) and treatment outcome among prematurely born neonates are not clearly understood. This retrospective study included 150 prematurely born neonates. AKI was defined as an increase of serum creatinine levels ≥0.3 mg/dl compared to basal values. The majority of neonates ...
Penn Alexander H AH *Departments of Bioengineering †Pediatrics ‡Psychology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093-0412 §Rady Children's Hospital San Diego2, San Diego, CA - - 2014
Fat is digested in the intestine into free fatty acids (FFAs), which are detergents and therefore toxic to cells at micromolar concentration. The mucosal barrier protects cells in the adult intestine, but this barrier may not be fully developed in premature infants. Lipase-digested infant formula, but not fresh human milk, ...
Doyle Lex W LW Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, - - 2014
Many preterm infants who survive go on to develop chronic lung disease. This is probably due to persistent inflammation in the lungs. Corticosteroids have powerful anti-inflammatory effects and have been used to treat established chronic lung disease. However, it is unclear whether any beneficial effects outweigh the adverse effects of ...
Doyle Lex W LW Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia, - - 2014
Chronic lung disease remains a major problem in neonatal intensive care units. Persistent inflammation in the lungs is the most likely underlying pathogenesis. Corticosteroids have been used to either prevent or treat chronic lung disease because of their potent anti-inflammatory effects. To examine the relative benefits and adverse effects of ...
Unger Sharon - - 2014
Provision of mother's own milk is the optimal way to feed infants, including very low birth weight infants (VLBW, <1500 g). Importantly for VLBW infants, who are at elevated risk of neurologic sequelae, mother's own milk has been shown to enhance neurocognitive development. Unfortunately, the majority of mothers of VLBW ...
Espiritu Nora N Department of Pediatrics, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo, Lima, Peru; Department of Pulmonology, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo, Lima, Peru; "Santa Martha" Health Centre, Ministerio de Salud (MINSA), Lima, Peru; Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom; Laboratory of the Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru; Department of International Health, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
This article presents a case of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in a Peruvian infant. His mother was diagnosed with disseminated TB, and treatment commenced 11 days postpartum. The infant was diagnosed with TB after 40 days and died at 2 months and 2 days of age. Congenital transmission of TB to ...
Dardas Majd M Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, NY, - - 2014
Background:Development of the intestinal microbiome in preterm infants has significant impact on infant health. Our objective was to determine if duration of antibiotics within the first 10 and 30 days after birth affects the intestinal microbiome.Methods:Subjects were 24 0/7-31 6/7 weeks of gestational age who received =50% breast milk and ...
Huang Lisha L *Department of Pediatrics, Academic Medical Centre, Emma Children's Hospital, Amsterdam, The Netherlands †Department of Pediatrics, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands ‡Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Erasmus MC-Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands §Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, P.R. China ||UMC st. Radboud Nijmegen, The Netherlands ¶Department of Methodology and applied Biostatistics, VU University Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The Netherlands #Department of Pediatrics, Division of Gastroenterology, Children's Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai, P.R. - - 2014
Tryptophan is not only an amino acid essential to protein synthesis, it also serves as a precursor in two important metabolic pathways: the serotonin and the kynurenine pathways. Tryptophan is related to sleeping patterns. The objective was to determine the tryptophan requirement of term infants using the Indicator Amino Acid ...
Shinde Suvarna S Department of Neonatology, Surya Childrens Hospital, Santacruz West, Mumbai, India. Correspondence to: Dr Nandkishor S Kabra, Department of Neonatology, Surya Childrens Hospital, Mangal Ashirwad, Junction of S V Road and Dattatraya Road, Santacruz West, Mumbai 400054 India. - - 2014
To compare the efficacy of glycerin suppository versus no suppository in preterm very-low-birthweight neonates for improving feeding tolerance. Randomized controlled trial. Level III neonatal unit from Mumbai, India. 50 very-low-birthweight (birth weight between 1000 to 1500 grams)preterm (gestational age between 28 to 32 weeks) neonates randomized to glycerine suppository (n=25) ...
Laughon Matthew M MM Division of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North - - 2014
Objective Diuretics are often prescribed off-label to premature infants, particularly to prevent or treat bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We examined their use and safety in this group. Study Design Retrospective cohort study of infants < 32 weeks gestation and < 1,500 g birth weight exposed to diuretics in 333 neonatal intensive care units from 1997 to 2011. We examined ...
Kim Hochang H From the Dongguk University Gyeongju - - 2014
We describe an infant with respiratory distress due to bilateral dacryocystoceles and dacryocystitis who was successfully treated with urgent bilateral endoscopic marsupialization.A male infant was brought to our outpatient department 7 days after birth, with red, acutely inflamed swellings near the medial canthal area of both eyes. From birth, there ...
Seitz Jolynn J St Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, - - 2014
Inadequate trophoblast invasion has been postulated as a major contributor to preterm birth. Maternal implantation biomarker, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), has been variably predictive of preterm birth. This study allows precise comparison of maximal hCG values exactly at 56 days of gestation in twin gestations conceived with in vitro fertilization. ...
Tergestina Mintoo M *Department of Neonatology †Department of Clinical Biochemistry ‡Department of Biostatistics, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess vitamin D status of preterm babies at birth and adequacy of daily supplementation with vitamin D. This prospective cohort study recruited 111 preterm babies, 25 to 32 weeks' gestation from a tertiary care perinatal center in south India. Cord blood was assayed ...
Armanian Amir-Mohammad AM Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatology, Child Growth and Development Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
The objective of this study is to assess the safety and preventative effects of aminophylline on the incidence of chronic lung disease (CLD) in very premature infants. This was a long follow-up randomized clinical trial. The prophylactic effect of aminophylline on the incidence of CLD was investigated in very premature ...
Platt M J MJ Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich NR4 7TJ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Preterm birth is defined as birth before 37 completed weeks gestation, and it is estimated that each day, across the world over 41,000 infants are born before this gestational age. The risk of adverse consequences declines with increasing gestational age. While this paper focuses on the consequences of preterm birth, ...
Eriksen Beate Horsberg BH Department of Paediatrics, Møre and Romsdal Hospital Trust, NO-6026 Ålesund, Norway; Department of Medical Imaging, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sparse knowledge exists on the differences in cardiac function between term and preterm infants. This study examines the impact of heart size, gestational age and postnatal maturation on myocardial function. To assess and compare serial echocardiographic indices of myocardial function in term and moderately preterm infants. Longitudinal, prospective, observational echocardiographic ...
Walker M W MW Division of Neonatology, Children's Hospital, Greenville Health System, Greenville, SC, - - 2014
Objective:The primary aim of the study was to determine how the risk of adverse outcomes was related to the duration of the latency period and gestational age at birth following preterm premature rupture of the fetal membranes (PPROM).Study Design:Retrospective review of infants discharged from 330 neonatal intensive care units. We ...
Tsai Wen-Hui WH Institute of Clinical Medicine, National Cheng Kung University College of Medicine, Tainan 701, Taiwan; Division of Neonatology, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan 710, - - 2014
Mechanical ventilation for preterm infants independently contributes to poor neurodevelopmental performance. However, few studies have investigated the association between the duration of mechanical ventilation and the risk for various developmental disorders in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) (<1000g) infants. Using a large nationwide database, we did a 10-year retrospective follow-up ...
Cetinkaya Merih M Department of Neonatology, Kanuni Sultan Suleyman Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: - - 2014
sE-selectin has recently been suggested as a surrogate marker for prediction of ROP development. The possible role of serial plasma sE-selectin measurements in early prediction and diagnosis of ROP was evaluated. Prospective observational study SUBJECTS: Forty six preterm infants aged <34weeks of gestation and weighing <1500 g were enrolled. Of ...
Marinelli Kathleen A KA 1The Connecticut Human Milk Research Center, Hartford, CT, - - 2014
Background:Use of donor milk (DM) to supplement mother's own milk (MOM) in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is steadily increasing based on health and developmental benefits to premature infants. A paucity of data exists documenting the effect of DM use on the diet of very low birth weight (VLBW) ...
McCormick Michael E ME Division of Pediatric Otolaryngology, Medical College of Wisconsin and Children's Hospital of Washington, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Importance: We describe management of an infant with chronic aspiration as a result of severe and rarely-described laryngeal dysgenesis. Observations: A neonate with severe maldevelopment of the laryngeal structures required tracheostomy for respiratory distress on day-of-life one, but the patient continued to have aspiration pneumonias. After failing to improve with ...
Wong Jonathan J Department of Pediatrics, Kingston General Hospital, Kingston, Ontario, - - 2014
Objective To compare neonatal outcomes between infants who received inotropes and those who did not, and identify variation in inotrope use. Study Design Retrospective review of data from neonates < 29 weeks gestation collected by the Canadian Neonatal Network during 2003 to 2010. After controlling for confounders and maternal/infant characteristics, rates of mortality and ...
Fernández C L A CL Instituto Nacional de Perinatología, - - 2014
Objective:To compare the incidence of oxygen dependency in SIBEN neonatal units while adjusting for altitude.Study Design:We reviewed the charts of infants who were1500 g at birth, admitted to six neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) near sea level and in seven NICUs at varying altitudes above sea level from the SIBEN network ...
Ichinomiya Kenji K Department of Neonatology, Gunma Children's Medical Center, 779 Shimohakoda, Hokkitsu, Shibukawa, Gunma 377-8577, - - 2014
Despite the early use of phototherapy and exchange transfusion in premature infants based on their levels of total serum bilirubin (TSB), the reemergence of kernicterus has been reported. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity of using TSB levels as the criterion for phototherapy in extremely-low-birth-weight infants ...
Gaballah Marian M Department of Radiology, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Perelman School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania, 3401 Civic Center Blvd., Philadelphia, PA 19104. Electronic address: - - 2014
To describe experience with the use of ultrasound (US)-guided placement and tip position confirmation for direct saphenous and single-incision tunneled femoral noncuffed central venous catheters (CVCs) placed in neonates and infants at the bedside. A retrospective review of the interventional radiology (IR) database and electronic medical records was performed for ...
Lasekan John B JB a Pediatric Nutrition R&D, Abbott Nutrition, Abbott Laboratories , Columbus , - - 2014
Objective: Spit-up (regurgitation) reduction with prethickened milk protein-based infant formulas containing rice starch has been clinically demonstrated in infants with heavy spit-ups but not in otherwise healthy normal infants with common spit-ups. The objective of this study was to evaluate growth, gastrointestinal tolerance, and efficacy to reduce common spit-up in ...
Ansary A A Department of Neonatology, Royal Hospital for Sick Children (Yorkhill), Dalnair Street, Glasgow G3 8SJ, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Venlafaxine, a serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, is increasingly used in pregnant women with pre-existing depression who require continued treatment. However, its in uteroeffects on the developing fetus are not clear. Herein, we report the unusual presentation of venlafaxine withdrawal in a female preterm baby of 29 weeks gestation, who ...
Ruiz-Rodriguez S S Pediatric Dentistry Posgraduate Program, Facultad de - - 2014
Objective: To investigate the possible association between maternal S. mutans levels and those of the infant during the period between birth and 5 months and evaluate possible risk factors in the S mutans colonization. Study Design: A prospective cohort study was carried out comprising 62 infants and their mothers, selected ...
Aunsholt Lise L Hans Christian Andersen Children's Hospital, Odense University Hospital, Odense, - - 2014
Background: Necrotizing enterocolitis and congenital gastrointestinal malformations in infants often require intestinal resection, with a subsequent risk of short bowel syndrome (SBS). We hypothesized that immediate intestinal adaptation following resection of the distal intestine with placement of a jejunostomy differs between preterm and term neonates. Methods: Preterm or term piglets ...
Berger Jessica J Division of Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, - - 2014
Objective The objective of this study was to assess rates of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and BPD/death in infants first extubated between day of life (DOL) 1 to 3 versus 4 to 7, 8 + , and impact of reintubation. Study Design We included infants with gestational age ≤ 28 weeks, birth weight ≤ 1,000 g, and intubation ...
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