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Results 451 - 500 of 1701
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Freitas Brunnella Alcantara Chagas de - - 2012
To evaluate the prevalence factors and etiologies associated with late neonatal sepsis in preterm neonates in a neonatal intensive care unit. This was a cross-sectional study of secondary data pertaining to preterm neonates admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit between 2008 and 2010 and was gathered from medical charts. ...
Yurdakok Murat - - 2012
Transient tachypnea of the newborn results from delayed clearance of lung fluid and is a common cause of admission of full term and late preterm infants to neonatal intensive care units. The condition is particularly common after elective cesarean section. Conventional treatment involves supplemental oxygen, withholding enteral feeds and administration ...
Shi Yuan - - 2012
Cerebral glucose metabolism was measured by (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose position emission tomography in infants at different gestational ages and with neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Thirty-six preterm and term infants at different gestational ages without brain injury were divided into four subgroups: ≤32 weeks (n = 4), 33-34 weeks (n = 5), 35-36 weeks (n = 12), ...
Chock Valerie Y - - 2012
Very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants are at risk for impaired cerebral autoregulation with pressure passive blood flow. Fluctuations in cerebral perfusion may occur in infants with a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA), especially during ductal closure. Our goal was to compare cerebral autoregulation using near-infrared spectroscopy in ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2012
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Antenatal magnesium sulfate may reduce the excessive rates of cerebral palsy in survivors of very preterm birth. RECENT FINDINGS: There are five randomized controlled trials of magnesium sulfate therapy given to the mother prior to very preterm birth which have reported neurological outcomes for the child, in ...
Iacobelli Silvia - - 2012
Objective. To describe the chloride balance in infants born 25-32-week gestation, analyze the association of chloride changes with hydroelectrolytic status and their relationship with perinatal conditions, morbidities, and neurological outcome. Methods. For 7 days after birth, sodium and chloride balance, plasma potassium, phosphate, and total carbon dioxide (tCO(2)) were prospectively ...
Del Vecchio Michael T - - 2012
Objective. To evaluate the effects of albuterol use in young infants admitted with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis with regards to length of time on supplemental oxygen and length of stay (LOS). To consider the possibility that albuterol use may increase the need for supplemental oxygen and increase LOS. Design, ...
Prior Ana Rita - - 2012
A newborn of 26 days, born in Lisbon, Portugal, presented with fever, anaemia and thrombocytopaenia. She was admitted considering neonatal sepsis, but Plasmodium vivax was identified in the second peripheral blood smear performed. Parenteral quinine was started with good evolution. Despite clinicians' unfamiliarity with congenital malaria in non-endemic areas, this ...
Shimokaze Tomoyuki - - 2012
Abstract Background: Reports have described that, in adults, steroids suppress thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and triiodothyronine (T3) and might suppress thyroxine (T4). No data have been reported for thyroid hormone changes before or after administration of glucocorticoid in preterm infants. Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate short-term effects ...
Lamônica Dionísia Aparecida Cusin - - 2012
Phenylketonuria (PKU) is the inability to convert phenylalanine into tyrosine, causing toxic effects to the central nervous system. Traditionally, in the treatment of PKU, breastfeeding is replaced by formula milk. This study verified the effects of breastfeeding as a source of phenylalanine on the development of children with PKU. Participants ...
de Magalhães Cristina Medeiros Ribeiro - - 2012
The present report describes the severe evolution of Kawasaki disease in a three-month-old infant. The ailment was initially atypical in its presentation, with the patient exhibiting only persistent fever in association with a progressive lethargy and maculopapular rash on the face, trunk and limbs erroneously diagnosed as roseola infantum. On ...
Matsushita H - - 2012
Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP) is an uncommon adverse cutaneous reaction, most commonly associated with drugs. A 38-year-old primigravida whose labor had been induced developed erythema over her chest and abdomen. She was transferred to our department after a failed vacuum extraction, and delivered a mature infant by forceps. On ...
Ng Geraldine - - 2012
Chronic lung disease (CLD) frequently occurs in preterm infants and has a multifactorial aetiology including inflammation. Cromolyn sodium is a mast cell stabiliser that inhibits neutrophil activation and neutrophil chemotaxis and may, therefore, have a role in the prevention of CLD. To determine the effect of prophylactic administration of cromolyn ...
Robert Kylie A - - 2012
Recent research has found empirical evidence in support of the Trivers-Willard Hypothesis that offspring sex allocation is correlated with maternal investment. Tammar wallabies birthing sons have higher investment ability; however a mechanism for sex specific differential allocation of maternal resources in wallabies remains elusive. In metatherians the majority of maternal ...
Briand Valérie - - 2012
In the context of rapid changes regarding practices related to delivery in Africa, we assessed maternal and perinatal adverse outcomes associated with the mode of delivery in 41 referral hospitals of Mali and Senegal. Cross-sectional survey nested in a randomised cluster trial (1/10/2007-1/10/2008). The associations between intended mode of delivery ...
Kinney Mary V - - 2012
Each year, more than 1 in 10 of the world's babies are born preterm, resulting in 15 million babies born too soon. World Prematurity Day, November 17, is a global effort to raise awareness about prematurity. This past year, there has been increased awareness of the problem, through new data ...
Nagot Nicolas - - 2012
Postnatal transmission of HIV-1 through breast milk remains an unsolved challenge in many resource-poor settings where replacement feeding is not a safe alternative. WHO now recommends breastfeeding of infants born to HIV-infected mothers until 12 months of age, with either maternal highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) or peri-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) ...
Lu H - - 2012
This study aimed at exploring the expression of Surfactant protein-C (SP-C) and Ki67 in autopsy lung tissues of premature infants dying from respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) who were exposed to mechanical ventilation and elevated oxygen concentrations. The possible influence of pulmonary surfactant (PS) on the expression of SP-C and Ki67 ...
Titaley Christiana Rialine - - 2012
This study aimed to assess the contribution of postnatal services to the risk of neonatal mortality, and the relative contributions of antenatal iron/folic acid supplements and postnatal care in preventing neonatal mortality in Indonesia. Retrospective cohort study. Data used in this study were the 2002-2007 Indonesia Demographic and Health Surveys, ...
Wong Nathan N Department of Medicine, University of British - - 2012
A 36+5 days' gestation infant of a diabetic mother suffered arterial thrombosis with severe vascular occlusions in multiple limbs, especially of the left upper extremity. Although the mechanism remains elusive, the association between venous and arterial thrombi in infants and diabetic mothers has previously been established. Cases typically result in ...
Segar Jeffrey L - - 2012
Diuretics are commonly used to treat infants with oxygen-dependent chronic lung disease. However, there are limited data suggesting a beneficial effect of long-term diuretic therapy on pulmonary function or clinical outcome in this population. Furthermore, data available for review were primarily obtained before the widespread use of antenatal steroids or ...
Anca Ioana Alina - - 2011
Transcranial ultrasonography is the most widely used neuroimaging technique in both premature and full term infants. The high susceptibility to hypoxia of the preterm brain explains the raised prevalence of intracranial haemorrhages at this group of patients. Ultrasound examination contributes to assessment of the neurologic status in children by diagnosing ...
Khodadad Ahmad - - 2011
Lipoid congenital adrenal hyperplasia, is the rarest and usually the most severe form of adrenal steroidogenic defect,which may presents as infantile cholestasis. Here we present a 45 days old infant who came to our attention with cholestasis and severe intractable vomiting and electrolyte disturbances. Evaluation resulted in diagnosis of congenital ...
Gupta Ashish - - 2012
Most enterovirus infection in the neonate and young infant is asymptomatic, but serious disease may occur, especially if acquired perinatally. We report the first case, to our knowledge, of asymptomatic enterovirus aseptic meningitis, and of concurrent enterovirus aseptic meningitis in premature triplets. Ten-week-old, 31-week-estimated gestational age premature triplet boys were ...
Demirel Gamze - - 2011
AIM: There has been no clear consensus of the appropriate positioning in preterm infants. We aimed to evaluate the changes of cerebral and mesenteric tissue oxygenation in three different positions, by near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), in stable very low birth weight (VLBW) infants of postnatal >30days. METHODS: NIRS monitoring of ...
Ancora Gina - - 2011
Background: Brain Cooling (BC) represents the elective treatment in asphyxiated newborns. Amplitude Integrated Electroencephalography (aEEG) and Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) monitoring may help to evaluate changes in cerebral electrical activity and cerebral hemodynamics during hypothermia. Objectives: To evaluate the prognostic value of aEEG time course and NIRS data in asphyxiated ...
Bonestroo Hilde J C - - 2011
Background:Preterm infants with hypotension (mean arterial blood pressure [MABP] < gestational age [GA]) are treated with volume expansion and/or dopamine to ensure adequate cerebral perfusion/oxygenation. We used near-infrared spectroscopy to analyze the effects of volume expansion and dopamine on cerebral oxygenation in hypotensive preterm infants without patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).Patients ...
Zhang Ying - - 2011
Frequency spectrum analysis of circulatory signals has been proposed as a potential method for clinical risk assessment of preterm infants by previous studies. In this study, we examined the relationships between various spectral measures derived from systemic and cerebral cardiovascular variabilities and the clinical risk index for babies (CRIB II). ...
Malusky Sheila - - 2011
With the advancement of neonatal medicine during the past several decades, premature and critically ill infants are living past the neonatal period and surviving. The survival of these infants at smaller birth weights and younger gestational ages puts them at an increased risk for intraventricular hemorrhages (IVHs). Although shifts in ...
Julkunen M K - - 2011
Objective:To establish the association of cardiotocography (CTG) and other obstetric parameters with pulsed Doppler findings in cerebral arteries during the first day of life, and to compare the cerebral artery Doppler with other determinants of asphyxia in predicting 1-year neurological outcome in asphyxiated full-term infants.Study Design:Cerebral blood flow velocity (CBFV) ...
Christesen H T - - 2011
Objective:  Hypoglycaemia-associated autonomic failure (HAAF) with impaired neurogenic and neuroglycopaenic responses occurs in adults following recent, repeated hypoglycaemia. We aimed to evaluate whether HAAF also occurs in patients with infant-onset Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI). Design, patients:  A controlled fast was performed in a) seven CHI infants with initial symptomatic hypoglycaemia and ...
Vanhaesebrouck Sophie - - 2011
Purpose. To use the continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants to further explore the association between elevated glucose levels and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and to find new preventive strategies for ROP. Methods. A secondary analysis of risk factors for ROP in VLBW infants was ...
Cahill Alison G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: We sought to estimate the cost-effectiveness of magnesium neuroprophylaxis for all women at risk for preterm birth <32 weeks. STUDY DESIGN: A decision analytic and cost-effectiveness model was designed to compare use of magnesium for neuroprophylaxis vs no treatment for women at risk for preterm birth <32 weeks due ...
Ogawa Masaki - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To evaluate whether amniotic fluid glucose concentration can predict poor neonatal outcome in cases with polyhydramnios as an overall assessment. Methods: In this retrospective study, we have reviewed 42 consecutive pregnant women with singleton gestations complicated with polyhydramnios who gave birth at one tertiary care center between January ...
Chalak Lina F - - 2011
Infants born preterm are especially vulnerable to cerebral palsy, the risk of which is inversely proportional to gestational age at birth. The contribution of prematurity to the overall burden of cerebral palsy is substantial. This article reviews and discusses potential antenatal and postnatal neuroprotective approaches targeted at the numerous risk factors ...
Ben Hamida Nouaili Emira - - 2011
Background: Neurodevelopmental outcome of very premature infant can be associated with a high rate of cerebral palsy. Aim: To assess the impact of very preterm birth on neurological outcome at the age of two years. Methods: Retrospective study of all cases of very premature infants born at less than 33 ...
Ranger Manon - - 2011
Signs of pain may be subtle or absent in a critically ill infant. The complex nature of pain may further obscure its identification and measurement. Because the use of monitoring and neuroimaging techniques has become more common in pain research, an understanding of these specialized technologies is important. Near-infrared spectroscopy ...
Fuchs H - - 2011
Objective:To explore if regional cerebral tissue oxygen saturation monitoring by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is feasible during neonatal resuscitation of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants after birth.Study Design:Cerebral tissue oxygen saturation was measured by NIRS in 51 VLBW infants (mean gestational age: 27.8 weeks) during the first 10 min after delivery.Result:A ...
Zhang Ying - - 2011
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for cerebral circulation monitoring has gained popularity in the neonatal intensive care setting, with studies showing the possibility of identifying preterm infants with intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) by transfer function analysis of arterial blood pressure (BP) and NIRS measures. In this study, we examined a number of NIRS-derived ...
Hou Xinlin - - 2011
To study the changes of cerebral oxygenation and hemodynamics in normal neonates at 2-5 min post-birth and understand the effects of pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) upon cerebral oxygenation and hemodynamics in newborn neonates. The near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was employed to measure the absolute quantity of brain tissue oxygen saturation (rSO2) ...
Surman G - - 2011
Background  As the survival of very preterm and low-birthweight infants increases, so does the importance of monitoring the birth prevalence of childhood impairments; disease registers provide a means to do so for these rare conditions. High levels of ascertainment for disease research registers have become increasingly difficult to achieve in ...
Ghanayem Nancy S - - 2011
: Near-infrared spectroscopy has moved from a research tool to a widely used clinical monitor in the critically ill pediatric patient over the last decade. The physiological and clinical evidence supporting this technology in practice is reviewed here. : A search of MEDLINE and PubMed was conducted to find validation ...
Chock Valerie Y - - 2011
Background: Preterm infants with a hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) are at risk for fluctuations in cerebral blood flow, but it is unclear how different hsPDA treatment strategies may affect cerebral oxygenation. Objective: To compare regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO(2)) as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in very low ...
Jang Dae-Hyun - - 2011
The authors reviewed the medical records of very low-birth-weight infants admitted from 1998 to 2007 and compared neurodevelopmental outcomes with their previously reported data from 1989 to 1997. The recent group included 824 infants, and the previous group included 471 infants. Neurodevelopmental outcomes were classified into cerebral palsy and non-cerebral ...
Ter Horst Hendrik J - - 2011
Impaired cerebral oxygen delivery may cause cerebral damage in preterm infants. At lower levels of cerebral perfusion and oxygen concentration electro-cerebral activity is disturbed. The balance between cerebral oxygen delivery and oxygen use can be measured by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and electro-cerebral activity can be measured by amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG). ...
Chirinian Nevart - - 2011
Birth asphyxia can induce a cascade of reactions that result in altered brain function known as hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. Possible outcomes for survivors of birth asphyxia vary widely, from a normal outcome to death, with a wide range of disabilities in between, including long-term neurodevelopmental disability, cerebral palsy, neuromotor delay, and ...
Costantine Maged M - - 2011
Cerebral palsy is a leading cause of childhood neuromotor disability and is strongly associated with preterm delivery. Basic science research and some observational studies have suggested a neuroprotective benefit from antenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate. Recent randomized controlled studies and meta-analyses suggest that antenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate before anticipated ...
Caçola Priscila - - 2011
Background: The present study reports the development and application of the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development - Infant Scale (AHEMD-IS), a parental self-report designed to assess the quantity and quality of affordances in the home environment that are conducive to motor development for infants 3- to 18 ...
Kindra Gurpreet - - 2011
Breastfeeding has been shown to benefit both maternal and child immune status. The impact of exclusive breastfeeding in the presence of HIV infection on maternal and child health is still unclear. Socio-economic factors make breast-feeding an important source of nutrition for an infant 6 months and under in the developing world. ...
Paviotti Giulia - - 2011
AIM: To evaluate the impact of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), a subset of committed circulatory stem cells, on the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and other short term outcomes in a cohort of extremely premature newborns. METHODS: Progenitor cells were quantified by flow cytometry at birth in 36 neonates born ...
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