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Results 451 - 500 of 1842
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van der Aa Niek E - - 2013
Diffusion weighted MR imaging (DWI) plays an important role in the diagnosis of perinatal arterial ischemic stroke (PAIS) during the acute phase. Its derived apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) can be used to quantify the diffusion restriction. Aim of the current study was to identify the changes in ADC values in ...
Cohen Noah D - - 2013
Objective-To determine whether the concentrations of airborne virulent Rhodococcus equi in stalls housing foals during the first 2 weeks after birth are associated with subsequent development of R equi pneumonia in those foals. Sample-Air samples collected from foaling stalls and holding pens in which foals were housed during the first ...
Heinrich T - - 2013
Trisomy 22 is a common trisomy in spontaneous abortions. In contrast, live-born trisomy 22 is rarely seen due to severe organ malformations associated with this condition. Here, we report on a male infant with complete, non-mosaic trisomy 22 born at 35 + 5 weeks via caesarean section. Peripheral blood lymphocytes ...
Sachdeva Sandeep - - 2013
To describe profile of births occurring in teaching institution on selected parameters. Considering feasibility, four months were systematically chosen for two-year time frame over a decade to gather selected information of consecutive singleton intramural births from log books of labor room on structured pro-forma. Data management was done using software ...
Alba-Alejandre Irene - - 2013
Background. In adults severely disturbed microcirculatory flow can be observed by Orthogonal Polarized Spectral (OPS) imaging techniques during sepsis. Therefore we set out to assess for microcirculatory changes in term newborns with suspected early onset infection using OPS. Methods. OPS images were obtained prospectively from the vascular bed of the ...
Viveiros Eulália - - 2013
We describe a case of a healthy male full-term neonate, 21 days old, admitted to the emergency room, presenting a severe cardiovascular collapse with an initial sinus rhythm. The first diagnostic hypothesis was of septic shock, having antibiotics, fluid resuscitation, inotropic drugs and ventilatory support started immediately. After achieving haemodynamic ...
Healy Brandon R - - 2013
Anaphylactoid Syndrome of Pregnancy (ASP) is a rare complication of delivery in mother and/or infant during the process of birth. Known as either Anaphylactoid Syndrome of Pregnancy or Amniotic Fluid Embolism, the maternal mortality rate worldwide for this complication is between 10 and 16% while the fetal mortality rate is ...
Iarkowski Laura Ellen - - 2013
To assess the tolerance of a baby cleanser and lotion (both lightly fragranced) on healthy, full-term neonates. Twenty-six infant-mother pairs were enrolled in a 6-week, nonrandomized, controlled-use study that took place in the routine setting of a pediatric clinic and mothers' homes. During study weeks 1 to 6, neonates were ...
Sharma Mayur - - 2013
Migration of the peritoneal end of the ventriculo-peritoneal shunt through the patent processus vaginalis has been described in preterm male infants with 26 such cases in the literature. The occurrence of this rare complication in the female preterm infants has not yet been reported. We report a 3-month-old premature female ...
Huang Hsiao-Ling - - 2013
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) that is critically important for the structure, development and function of the retina and central nervous system (CNS), ultimately contributing to improved cognition. It is known that the DHA content of breast milk is positively correlated with maternal DHA ...
Sitrin Deborah - - 2013
Nearly half of births in low-income countries occur without a skilled attendant, and even fewer mothers and babies have postnatal contact with providers who can deliver preventive or curative services that save lives. Community-based maternal and newborn care programs with postnatal home visits have been tested in Bangladesh, Malawi, and ...
Rylance Sarah - - 2013
There is little information regarding outcome of very low-birthweight (VLBW) infants in resource-poor settings. To study early mortality outcome in VLBW infants admitted to the neonatal nursery, Queen Elizabeth Central Hospital, Blantyre and determine duration of hospital stay of surviving infants and their attendance for recommended follow-up. Case notes were ...
Choo Yao Mun - - 2013
Congenital chylothorax is rare in preterm infants. While most cases respond to conservative treatment, a few require surgery. Treatment with intravenous octreotide has been reported to have varying success in preterm infants. A fetus was diagnosed with bilateral hydrothoraces at 29 weeks of gestation and repeated thoracocentesis was performed antenatally ...
Mahalakshmi Rajan - - 2013
We report a case of Salmonella paratyphi B meningitis in a 90 day-old male infant who was admitted with complaints of fever, vomiting and one episode of vacant stare. Clinically, the infant was found to be toxic and dull with a bulging anterior fontanelle. Subsequently, blood and cerebrospinal fluid cultures ...
Hooper Stuart B - - 2013
As neonatal resuscitation critically depends upon lung aeration at birth, knowledge of the progression of this process is required to guide ongoing care. We investigated whether expired CO2 (ECO2) levels indicate the degree of lung aeration immediately after birth in two animal models and in preterm infants. Lambs were delivered ...
Murty V S S Yerramilli - - 2013
Pyridoxine-dependent seizures is a rare cause of recurrent seizures in neonatal period and resistant to most of the antiepileptic medications, but respond to administration of pyridoxine. We report a male infant who had neonatal seizures which were initially responsive to anticonvulsants and later became unresponsive and presented at 45 days ...
Bishop K L - - 2013
High perinatal autopsy rates are necessary for institutional management protocols and national policy-making. This study reviews perinatal autopsy rates and factors affecting these rates at the University Hospital of the West Indies. All perinatal deaths (stillborn infants > or = 24 weeks gestation or 500 g; early neonatal deaths ie ...
Costello Elizabeth K - - 2013
ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to evaluate the composition and richness of bacterial communities associated with low-birthweight (LBW) infants in relation to host body site, individual, and age. Bacterial 16S rRNA genes from saliva samples, skin swabs, and stool samples collected on postnatal days 8, 10, 12, 15, ...
Pietrzyk Jacek J - - 2013
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is one of the most serious complications observed in premature infants. Thanks to microarray technique, expression of nearly all human genes can be reliably evaluated. To compare whole genome expression in the first month of life in groups of infants with and without bronchopulmonary dysplasia. 111 newborns were ...
Roos Stefan - - 2013
To analyze the global microbial composition, using large-scale DNA sequencing of 16 S rRNA genes, in faecal samples from colicky infants given L. reuteri DSM 17938 or placebo. Twenty-nine colicky infants (age 10-60 days) were enrolled and randomly assigned to receive either Lactobacillus reuteri (10(8) cfu) or a placebo once ...
Bojan Mirela - - 2013
Changes in kidney function, as assessed by early and even small variations in serum creatinine (ΔsCr), affect survival in adults following cardiac surgery but such associations have not been reported in infants. This raises the question of the adequate assessment of kidney function by early ΔsCr in infants undergoing cardiac ...
Qi Yuanyuan - - 2013
Impairment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) has been shown to contribute to the development of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). In the current study, the relationship between EPC changes of after birth and the development of BPD was investigated, and the effects of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) on EPCs were evaluated. Sixty ...
Mugambi Melissa Latigo - - 2013
There is scant evidence on the association between diagnosis delays and the receipt of test results in HIV Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) programs. We determine the association between diagnosis delays and other health care system and patient factors on result receipt. We reviewed 703 infant HIV test records for tests ...
Rollins Nigel C - - 2013
Antiretroviral drug interventions significantly reduce the risk of HIV transmission to infants through breastfeeding. We report diarrhoea prevalence and all-cause mortality at 12 months of age according to infant feeding practices, among infants born to HIV-infected and uninfected mothers in South Africa. A non-randomised intervention cohort study that followed both ...
Weisgerber Michael C - - 2013
Poor oral intake is a common presenting symptom among infants hospitalized with bronchiolitis. The prevalence, degree, and duration of iminished caloric intake in these infants have not been studied. Our goal was to determine the daily caloric intake among infants admitted with bronchiolitis and to evaluate the relationship between early ...
Eriksen Beate Horsberg BH Department of Paediatrics, Møre and Romsdal Hospital Trust, Ålesund Hospital, Ålesund, - - 2013
Gestational and chronological age may have an impact on myocardial function. We studied the longitudinal changes of the atrioventricular tissue Doppler velocities in premature infants through the neonatal transitional period and at expected term and explored the reproducibility of the measurements. Prospective, observational and longitudinal cohort study. Two-centre study, from ...
Gam Christiane M B CM Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Hillerød Hospital, Hillerød, - - 2013
To test whether the relatively unpredictable nature of labour onset can be described by the Poisson distribution. A descriptive retrospective study. From the Danish Birth Registry, we identified births from all seven obstetric clinics in the capital region of Denmark (n=211 290) between 2000 and the end of 2009. On ...
Lapillonne Alexandre A Department of Neonatal Medicine, Paris Descartes University, APHP Necker Hospital, Paris, - - 2013
The level of adherence to guidelines should be explored particularly in preterm infants for whom poor nutrition has major effects on outcomes in later life. The objective was to evaluate compliance to international guidelines for parenteral nutrition (PN) in preterm infants across neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) of four European ...
Chong Jin Ho JH Department of Neonatology, KK Women's and Children's Hospital, - - 2013
Hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia in small-for-gestational age infants usually presents in the first two postnatal days. We present a preterm, small-for-gestational age infant who had hyperinsulinaemic hypoglycaemia on day 13 of life. A female twin infant weighing 1390 g was born at 32(+6) weeks of gestation. Her glycaemic profile was normal till ...
- - 2013
The nutrition societies of Germany, Austria and Switzerland are the joint editors of the 'reference values for nutrient intake'. They have revised the reference values for the intake of calcium and published them in June 2013. The reference values for the calcium intake for infants are derived from the calcium ...
Jolin-Dahel Kheira K University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada K1H - - 2013
Background. Parenteral nutrition (PN) is an effective method of nourishing the neonate who is unable to receive full enteral feeds. Cholestasis can be a complication of PN and can lead to severe liver damage. Aim. We describe our patient population and determine risk factors for developing PN cholestasis. Methods. Retrospective ...
Svigos John J Women's and Children's Hospital, North Adelaide, SA 5006, Australia ; Ashford Hospital, Keswick, SA 5035, - - 2013
We report a baby with an unusual true umbilical cord cyst detected at 12 weeks gestation which as the pregnancy progressed became increasingly difficult to distinguish from a pseudocyst of the umbilical cord. Concern of the possibility of cord compression/cord accident led to an elective caesarean section being performed at ...
Lundström Johan N JN Monell Chemical Senses Center Philadelphia, PA, USA ; Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet Stockholm, Sweden ; Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania PA, - - 2013
Studies in non-human mammals have identified olfactory signals as prime mediators of mother-infant bonding and they have been linked with maternal attitudes and behavior in our own species as well. However, although the neuronal network processing infant cues has been studied for visual and auditory signals; to date, no such ...
Muenssinger Jana J fMEG Center, University of Tuebingen , Tuebingen , - - 2013
Auditory change detection is crucial for the development of the auditory system and a prerequisite for language development. In neonates, stimuli with broad spectral width like white noise (WN) elicit the highest response compared to pure tone and combined tone stimuli. In the current study we addressed for the first ...
Borjianyazdi L L Assistant Professor of Neonatology, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services,Yazd, - - 2013
This study was conducted to evaluate the clinical effect of Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor (GCSF) on prognosis of neonatal sepsis. Present study is a double- blinded randomized clinical trial, conducted on 46 preterm infants with neutropenia (Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≤ 5000 / μL) and clinical sepsis. Infants were randomly ...
Bagnell Carol A - - 2013
A window of opportunity for maternal programming of neonatal development is open in the first few days of life as a consequence of nursing. Colostrum (first milk) supports neonatal development by providing a conduit for delivery of milk-borne bioactive factors, exemplified by relaxin, from mother to offspring as proposed in ...
Goyal Neera N Division of Neonatology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2013
Evidence to guide safe discharge for late preterm infants (34-36 weeks' gestation) is lacking. Previous studies have demonstrated the increased risk of neonatal readmission for these infants compared with those born at term (> or =37 weeks' gestation). The purpose of this study was to estimate the effect of length ...
Morrow Ardythe L AL Perinatal Institute, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Department Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, 3333 Burnet Ave, MLC 7009, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2013
Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a devastating intestinal disease that afflicts 10% of extremely preterm infants. The contribution of early intestinal colonization to NEC onset is not understood, and predictive biomarkers to guide prevention are lacking. We analyzed banked stool and urine samples collected prior to disease onset from infants <29 ...
Cantine Anne Touhill - - 2013
In this column, a mother shares the story of the birth of her first child. With confidence in the process of birth and in her ability to give birth, and with the support, confidence, and encouragement of her mother and sisters, Anne manages to cope with strong contractions through a ...
Verder Henrik H Department of Pediatrics, Holbæk Hospital, Holbæk, Denmark. - - 2013
We have developed a rapid method, based on lamellar body counts (LBC) on gastric aspirate, for identifying newborns who will develop respiratory distress syndrome with a need for surfactant supplementation. We set out to test whether it was possible to improve the outcome when used in a clinical trial. We ...
Khositseth Anant A Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, - - 2013
Perfusion index (PI) could reflect peripheral flow. Preterm infants with hemodynamically significant patent ductus arteriosus (hsPDA) will have left-to-right shunt across PDA causing less blood flow to the lower legs. To evaluate pre- and postductal PI differences (ΔPI) in hsPDA. Preterm infants with gestational age <34 weeks were assessed for ...
Akcay Ahmet - - 2013
Vaspin is a visceral adipose tissue-derived serine protease inhibitor that has an insulin-sensitizing effect. It is correlated with insulin resistance and glucose metabolism, and it improves glucose tolerance. The aim of this study was to determine and compare serum vaspin and insulin concentrations in small-for- gestational age (SGA), appropriate-for-gestational age ...
Yaqub Asma - - 2013
Human milk is the natural food for full term infants and is the most appropriate milk for the human infants. The objective of the study was to determine the frequency of common reasons of failure of exclusive breastfeeding in children less than six months of age. It was a cross-sectional ...
Mitchell A J AJ College of Nursing, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, - - 2013
1. Determine whether stress in preterm infants, measured with salivary cortisol, decreases after five days of Kangaroo Care (KC) compared to five days of Standard Care (SC). 2. To determine whether kangaroo care provides sustainable pain relief beyond the period of skin-to-skin holding. Preterm infants (n = 38) born at ...
Genc Gurkan - - 2012
Objective This study was conducted to evaluate the predictive value of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) for acute kidney injury (AKI) among septic preterm infants.Methods Twenty-six very low-birth-weight (VLBW) babies were separated into three groups: group I, healthy preterms; group II, preterms with sepsis but without AKI; group III, preterms with sepsis ...
Tsai Yao-Te - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To share our experience in treating a large cohort of infants with congenital vallecular cysts using endoscopic laser marsupialization. We describe the clinical characteristics of infants with pediatric vallecular cysts and compare these characteristics between infants with and without concurrent laryngomalacia and those who did or did not require ...
Ohira Toko - - 2012
Busulfan, an antineoplastic bifunctional-alkylating agent, is known to induce developmental anomalies and fetal neurotoxicity. We previously reported that busulfan induced p53-dependent neural progenitor cell apoptosis in fetal rat brain (Ohira et al., 2012). The present study was carried out to clarify the characteristics and sequence of busulfan-induced pathological changes in ...
Hammoud Majeda S - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence and clinical significance of persistent candidemia among neonates are poorly understood. This study aimed to describe the rate and the clinical relevance of persistent candidemia over a 4-year period in Kuwait. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of infants admitted to the Neonatal Care Unit of the Maternity ...
Palojärvi Anniina - - 2012
Background:As a protective response to an inflammatory stimulus, the antigen-presenting molecules (HLA-DR) on monocytes are downregulated. If severe, the response may lead to immunodepression or immunoparalysis, associated in adults with increased morbidity and mortality. In very low birth weight (VLBW) infant, birth and intensive care present major immunologic challenges.Methods:We measured ...
Jefferies Ann L - - 2012
Objective To examine delivery indications, short-term morbidities, and use of resources for late preterm infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) at a tertiary perinatal center.Study Design Data for 1137 inborn infants 340/7 to 366/7 weeks' gestational age discharged between July 2004 and December 2009 were collected from an electronic ...
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