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Mahoney Patrick P Human Osteology Research Lab., School of Anthropology and Conservation, University of Kent, Canterbury, CT2 7NR, - - 2014
Correlation between the timing of permanent first molar eruption and weaning age in extant primates has provided a way to infer a life history event in fossil species, but recent debate has questioned whether the same link is present in human infants. Deciduous incisors erupt at an age when breast ...
Noyman-Veksler Gal G a Department of Psychology , Ben-Gurion University of the Negev , 800 Ben-Gurion Avenue, Beer Sheva 8410501 , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To investigate the protective role of sense of coherence (SOC) and perceived social support in the effect of emergency/elective Caesarian-Section on postnatal psychological symptoms and impairment in mother-infant bonding. Design: Thirty seven women delivering via an Emergency C-Section, 21 via Elective C-Section, and 38 through a vaginal delivery ...
Memarpour Mahtab - - 2014
Developmental defects of enamel (DDE) may be influenced by health problems and illness in children. The aim of the study was to identify the main characteristics of birth (delivery) and adverse medical conditions during the first month of life that may be related to DDE in permanent teeth. 1000 schoolchildren ...
Schwarze Cornelia E - - 2014
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is characterized by a pattern of intense but unstable interpersonal relationships. These interpersonal dysfunctions may originate from impaired bonding and attachment that is determined during early life. Remarkably, it has been reported that the quality of mother-infant relationship is influenced by the feeding mode. Thus, bottle ...
Liszkowski Ulf U Developmental Psychology Unit, Institute of Psychology, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany Max Planck Research Group Communication before Language, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands - - 2014
How do infants communicate before they have acquired a language? This paper supports the hypothesis that infants possess social-cognitive skills that run deeper than language alone, enabling them to understand others and make themselves understood. I suggested that infants, like adults, use two sources of extralinguistic information to communicate meaningfully ...
Fonsêca V F C VF Department of animal Science, Federal University of Paraiba, Areia, 58397000, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to confirm the influences of stress from labor and climate on the formation of the mother-offspring bond in Morada Nova sheep in the first 2 h after delivery or at the moment of the first suckling of the newborn. The data were collected from ...
Yalçın Songul Siddika SS a Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Social Pediatric Unit , Hacettepe University , Ankara , - - 2014
We aimed to determine the levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in the breast milk; to assess the effect of detectable OCPs on maternal-infant characteristics and; to evaluate the relation between OCPs and the maternal psychopathologies [Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ), Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS) and Edinburgh Postnatal ...
Vouloumanos Athena A Department of Psychology, New York - - 2014
Orienting biases for speech may provide a foundation for language development. Although human infants show a bias for listening to speech from birth, the relation of a speech bias to later language development has not been established. Here, we examine whether infants' attention to speech directly predicts expressive vocabulary. Infants ...
Singh Leher L National University of - - 2014
Comparisons of cognitive processing in monolinguals and bilinguals have revealed a bilingual advantage in inhibitory control. Recent studies have demonstrated advantages associated with exposure to two languages in infancy. However, the domain specificity and scope of the infant bilingual advantage in infancy remains unclear. In the present study, 114 monolingual ...
Hollin Gregory J S GJ Institute for Science and Society, School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Nottingham, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Twenty academic psychologists and neuroscientists, with an interest in autism and based within the United Kingdom, were interviewed between 2012 and 2013 on a variety of topics related to the condition. Within these qualitative interviews researchers often argued that there had been a 'turn to infancy' since the beginning of ...
Kuhl Patricia K PK Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195 - - 2014
Historic theories of speech perception (Motor Theory and Analysis by Synthesis) invoked listeners' knowledge of speech production to explain speech perception. Neuroimaging data show that adult listeners activate motor brain areas during speech perception. In two experiments using magnetoencephalography (MEG), we investigated motor brain activation, as well as auditory brain ...
Kidd Celeste C University of - - 2014
Infants must learn about many cognitive domains (e.g., language, music) from auditory statistics, yet capacity limits on their cognitive resources restrict the quantity that they can encode. Previous research has established that infants can attend to only a subset of available acoustic input. Yet few previous studies have directly examined ...
Lee Christopher S CS Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London SE14 6NW, United - - 2014
The findings are reported of an investigation into rhythmic differences between infant-directed speech (IDS) and adult-directed speech (ADS) in a corpus of utterances from Australian English mothers speaking to their infants and to another adult. Given the importance of rhythmic cues to stress and word-segmentation in English, the investigation focused ...
Phung Janice N JN Department of Psychology and Social Behavior, University of California-Irvine, United - - 2014
Adult-provided language shapes event memory in children who are preverbal and in those who are able to discuss the past using language. The research conducted to date, however, has not yet established whether infant language comprehension abilities moderate the extent to which preverbal infants benefit from adult-provided supportive language. The ...
Graf Estes Katharine K Department of Psychology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95615, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The current research investigated how infants apply prior knowledge of environmental regularities to support new learning. The experiments tested whether infants could exploit experience with native language (English) phonotactic patterns to facilitate associating sounds with meanings during word learning. Infants (14-month-olds) heard fluent speech that contained cues for detecting target ...
Maitre Nathalie L NL Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USA - - 2014
Caffeine, standard treatment for apnea of prematurity, improves brainstem auditory processing. We hypothesized that caffeine also improves cortical differentiation of complex speech sounds. We used event-related potential methodology to measure responses to speech-sound contrasts in 45 intensive care neonates, stratified by cumulative exposure as no-, low-, and high-caffeine groups. Sound ...
Wu Zhen Z Department of Psychology,University of - - 2014
ABSTRACT Existing studies have observed a robust relationship between infants' pointing gestures and language outcomes. By contrast, infants' overall vocal production is not related to language outcomes. One possible explanation for the association between pointing and language is that pointing gestures, as compared to vocalizations, may elicit more verbal responses ...
Willits Jon A JA Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, 1101 E. 10th St., Bloomington, IN 47405, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
What makes some words easy for infants to recognize, and other words difficult? We addressed this issue in the context of prior results suggesting that infants have difficulty recognizing verbs relative to nouns. In this work, we highlight the role played by the distributional contexts in which nouns and verbs ...
Hashim Peter W PW New Haven and Storrs, Conn. From the Section of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and the Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine; Haskins Laboratories; and the Department of Psychology, University of - - 2014
The prevalence of deformational plagiocephaly has risen dramatically in recent years, now affecting 15 percent or more of infants. Prior research using developmental scales suggests that these children may be at elevated risk for developmental delays. However, the low positive predictive value of such instruments in identifying long-term impairment, coupled ...
Gonzalez-Gomez Nayeli N Université Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France; Department of Psychology, Oxford Brookes University, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have described the existence of a phonotactic bias called the Labial-Coronal (LC) bias, corresponding to a tendency to produce more words beginning with a labial consonant followed by a coronal consonant (i.e. "bat") than the opposite CL pattern (i.e. "tap"). This bias has initially been interpreted in terms ...
Vouloumanos Athena A Department of Psychology, New York University, - - 2014
Adults and 12-month-old infants recognize that even unfamiliar speech can communicate information between third parties, suggesting that they can separate the communicative function of speech from its lexical content. But do infants recognize that speech can communicate due to their experience understanding and producing language, or do they appreciate that ...
Martin Andrew A Laboratory for Language Development, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigate the hypothesis that infant-directed speech is a form of hyperspeech, optimized for intelligibility, by focusing on vowel devoicing in Japanese. Using a corpus of infant-directed and adult-directed Japanese, we show that speakers implement high vowel devoicing less often when speaking to infants than when speaking to adults, consistent ...
Yeung H Henny HH CNRS (Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, UMR 8242) & Université Paris Descartes, Paris Sorbonne Cité, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different kinds of speech sounds are used to signify possible word forms in every language. For example, lexical stress is used in Spanish (/'be.be/, 'he/she drinks' versus /be.'be/, 'baby'), but not in French (/'be.be/ and /be.'be/ both mean 'baby'). Infants learn many such native language phonetic contrasts in their first ...
St Fleur Rose R 1 Department of Pediatrics, Jersey Shore University Medical Center , Neptune, New - - 2014
Abstract Economically disadvantaged minority mothers with limited proficiency in English show suboptimal breastfeeding rates. In the present survey, the knowledge and perception of Hispanic mothers regarding their breastfeeding practices were analyzed in association with their language preference for communication. Among the mostly Hispanic-origin Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, ...
Seidl Amanda A Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, - - 2014
The lexicon of 6-month-olds is comprised of names and body part words. Unlike names, body part words do not often occur in isolation in the input. This presents a puzzle: How have infants been able to pull out these words from the continuous stream of speech at such a young ...
Dolscheid Sarah S Neurobiology of Language Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, The Netherlands International Max Planck Research School for Language Sciences, Nijmegen, The Netherlands Department of Rehabilitation and Special Education, University of Cologne - - 2014
People often talk about musical pitch using spatial metaphors. In English, for instance, pitches can be "high" or "low" (i.e., height-pitch association), whereas in other languages, pitches are described as "thin" or "thick" (i.e., thickness-pitch association). According to results from psychophysical studies, metaphors in language can shape people's nonlinguistic space-pitch ...
Greene M M MM 1] Department of Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, USA [2] Department of Pediatrics, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
Objective:To examine the association between cardiorespiratory events (CRE) and neurodevelopmental (ND) outcome at 8 and 20 months corrected age (CA) in a contemporary extremely low birth weight (ELBW )cohort.Study Design:Retrospective chart review of 98 ELBW infants born in 2009 to 2010 who completed ND assessments at 8 and 20 months ...
Luche Claire Delle CD School of Psychology, Plymouth University, - - 2014
A substantial body of evidence demonstrates that infants understand the meaning of spoken words from as early as 6 months. Yet little is known about their ability to do so in the absence of any visual referent, which would offer diagnostic evidence for an adult-like, symbolic interpretation of words and their ...
Cuevas Kimberly K University of - - 2014
The EEG mu rhythm, recorded from scalp regions overlying the sensorimotor cortex, appears to exhibit mirroring properties: It is reactive when performing an action and when observing another perform the same action. Recently, there has been an exponential increase in developmental mu rhythm research, partially due to the mu rhythm's ...
Kim Hojin I HI Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, - - 2014
Five- and 3-month-old infants' perception of infant-directed (ID) faces and the role of speech in perceiving faces were examined. Infants' eye movements were recorded as they viewed a series of two side-by-side talking faces, one infant-directed and one adult-directed (AD), while listening to ID speech, AD speech, or in silence. ...
Pons Ferran F Departament de Psicologia Bàsica, Universitat de Barcelona, Pg. Vall d'Hebron 171, 08035, Barcelona, Spain; Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior (IR3C), Barcelona, - - 2014
We investigated the effects of linguistic experience and language familiarity on the perception of audio-visual (A-V) synchrony in fluent speech. In Experiment 1, we tested a group of monolingual Spanish- and Catalan-learning 8-month-old infants to a video clip of a person speaking Spanish. Following habituation to the audiovisually synchronous video, ...
Longobardi Emiddia E Department of Dynamic and Clinical Psychology, University Sapienza of Rome, - - 2014
ABSTRACT Because of its structural characteristics, specifically the prevalence of verb types in infant-directed speech and frequent pronoun-dropping, the Italian language offers an attractive opportunity to investigate the predictive effects of input frequency and positional salience on children's acquisition of nouns and verbs. We examined this issue in a sample ...
Skiöld Béatrice B Department of Women's and Children's Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Department of Neonatology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate sex differences in neurologic and developmental outcomes in extremely preterm (EPT) children and explore associations with neonatal brain morphology. A population-based cohort of infants born at <27 weeks gestation underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at term equivalent age (n = 107). Voxel-based morphometry (n = 27) and tract-based ...
Parra-Saavedra Miguel M Department of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Institute Clínic of Gynecology, Obstetrics and Neonatology (ICGON), Hospital Clinic-IDIBAPS, University of Barcelona and Centre for Biomedical Research on Rare Diseases (CIBER-ER), Barcelona, Spain; Maternal - Fetal Unit, CEDIFETAL, Centro de Diagnóstico de Ultrasonido e Imágenes, CEDIUL, Clínica General del Norte, Barranquilla, - - 2014
To evaluate 2-year neurodevelopmental outcomes of near-term, small-for-gestational-age (SGA) newborns segregated by presence or absence of histopathology reflecting placental underperfusion (PUP). A cohort of consecutive near-term (≥34.0 weeks) SGA newborns with normal prenatal umbilical artery Doppler studies was selected. All placentas were inspected for evidence of underperfusion and classified in ...
Laake Lauren M LM Department of Psychology, Northern Illinois University, United States. Electronic address: - - 2014
Eighty-three mother-infant dyads participated in this study. Positive affect (PA) broadly, along with fine-grained aspects of PA, was measured at 10 months of age. Language was measured at 14 months. Infant PA predicted expressive, but not receptive, language. The implications of these findings are discussed.
McLellan Kirsty E KE aDepartment of Child Life and Health, University of Edinburgh bRoyal Hospital for Sick Children, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Anecdotally it has been noted that the traditional chest signs associated with bronchiolitis appear inconsistently in infants clinically diagnosed with bronchiolitis. We wished to explore this more formally. The aim of this study was to assess whether the auscultatory chest signs at presentation in infants with bronchiolitis were influenced by ...
Mulder Kelly A KA Nutrition and Metabolism Program, Child and Family Research Institute, Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, - - 2014
DHA is accumulated in the central nervous system (CNS) before birth and is involved in early developmental processes, such as neurite outgrowth and gene expression. To determine whether fetal DHA insufficiency occurs and constrains CNS development in term gestation infants. A risk reduction model using a randomized prospective study of ...
Wanrooij Karin K Amsterdam Center for Language and Communication, University of Amsterdam Amsterdam, - - 2014
An important mechanism for learning speech sounds in the first year of life is "distributional learning," i.e., learning by simply listening to the frequency distributions of the speech sounds in the environment. In the lab, fast distributional learning has been reported for infants in the second half of the first ...
Houston Derek M DM Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of - - 2014
The advent of cochlear implantation has provided thousands of deaf infants and children access to speech and the opportunity to learn spoken language. Whether or not deaf infants successfully learn spoken language after implantation may depend in part on the extent to which they listen to speech rather than just ...
Wermke Kathleen K Center for Prespeech Development and Developmental Disorders, University of Wuerzburg, , Wuerzburg, - - 2014
The specific impact of sex hormones on brain development and acoustic communication is known from animal models. Sex steroid hormones secreted during early development play an essential role in hemispheric organization and the functional lateralization of the brain, e.g. language. In animals, these hormones are well-known regulators of vocal motor ...
Hanieh Sarah S Department of Medicine, Melbourne Academic Centre, University of Melbourne at the Doherty Institute, Parkville, Victoria, - - 2014
Vitamin D deficiency affects 1 billion people globally. It has an important role in bone homeostasis, brain development and modulation of the immune system and yet the impact of antenatal vitamin D deficiency on infant outcomes is poorly understood. We assessed the association of 25- hydroxyvitamin D levels (25-OHD) in ...
Fava Eswen E Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 135 Hicks Way, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. - - 2014
Initially, infants are capable of discriminating phonetic contrasts across the world's languages. Starting between seven and ten months of age, they gradually lose this ability through a process of perceptual narrowing. Although traditionally investigated with isolated speech sounds, such narrowing occurs in a variety of perceptual domains (e.g., faces, visual ...
Aliabadi Faranak F 1. Faculty member, Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2014
Having an infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is a stressful and painful experience. Unlike to normal births, this birth is associated with admission and separation of infant from parents. The aim of this study was to compile the supporting-emotional needs of Iranian parents who have a premature ...
Cristia Alejandrina - - 2013
There are increasing reports that individual variation in behavioral and neurophysiological measures of infant speech processing predicts later language outcomes, and specifically concurrent or subsequent vocabulary size. If such findings are held up under scrutiny, they could both illuminate theoretical models of language development and contribute to the prediction of ...
Ortiz-Mantilla Silvia - - 2013
Young infants discriminate phonetically relevant speech contrasts in a universal manner, that is, similarly across languages. This ability fades by 12 months of age as the brain builds language-specific phonemic maps and increasingly responds preferentially to the infant's native language. However, the neural mechanisms that underlie the development of infant ...
Tsuji Sho - - 2013
Although the majority of evidence on perceptual narrowing in speech sounds is based on consonants, most models of infant speech perception generalize these findings to vowels, assuming that vowel perception improves for vowel sounds that are present in the infant's native language within the first year of life, and deteriorates ...
Vohr Betty - - 2013
Speech and language impairments of both simple and complex language functions are common among former preterm infants. Risk factors include lower gestational age and increasing illness severity including severe brain injury. Even in the absence of brain injury, however, altered brain maturation and vulnerability imposed by premature entrance to the ...
Bhagwat Jui - - 2013
Two experiments examined when monolingual, English-learning 19-month-old infants learn a second object label. Two experimenters sat together. One labeled a novel object with one novel label, whereas the other labeled the same object with a different label in either the same or a different language. Infants were tested on their ...
Tsuji Sho - - 2013
ABSTRACT Japanese infant-directed speech (IDS) and adult-directed speech (ADS) were compared on their segmental distributions and consonant-vowel association patterns. Consistent with findings in other languages, a higher ratio of segments that are generally produced early was found in IDS compared to ADS: more labial consonants and low-central vowels, but fewer ...
Benders Titia - - 2013
Exaggeration of the vowel space in infant-directed speech (IDS) is well documented for English, but not consistently replicated in other languages or for other speech-sound contrasts. A second attested, but less discussed, pattern of change in IDS is an overall rise of the formant frequencies, which may reflect an affective ...
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