Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 780
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Gallagher P G - - 2000
A case of acquired diaphragmatic paralysis in an extremely low birth weight infant complicated by respiratory failure, recurrent atelectasis, and pneumonia is described. Diaphragmatic plication led to a rapid improvement in pulmonary function and allowed for discontinuation of mechanical ventilation in less than 1 week. Therapeutic options for acquired diaphragmatic ...
- - 2000
A review within CDC and by outside experts of an investigation of acute pulmonary hemorrhage/hemosiderosis in infants has identified shortcomings in the implementation and reporting of the investigation described in MMWR and detailed in other scientific publications authored, in part, by CDC personnel. The reviews led CDC to conclude that ...
Jackson C M - - 2000
Pulmonary hemosiderosis has been attributed to airborne fungi in water-damaged homes in studies of a cluster of cases in infants and children in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1997. We have searched for such emerging infectious agents in the Coastal Plain of North Carolina, which is subject to intermittent flooding. Pulmonary tissue ...
Acherman R J - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Angiographic visualization of systemic to pulmonary collaterals (SPC) has been documented in premature infants needing prolonged ventilatory support. Noninvasive identification of such communications in premature infants was reported recently. The purpose of this study was to describe: 1) incidence, 2) clinical findings and implications, and 3) short-term follow-up of ...
Walker J J - - 2000
The mainstay of the management of severe pre-eclampsia is early referral, stabilization of the mother with antihypertensive therapy and anticonvulsants if required, full assessment of the mother and the baby, and delivery on the best day in the best way. It is to be remembered that delivery is the long-term ...
Lucas J S - - 2000
In recent years there has been a growing interest in the measurement of pulmonary function in infants for both clinical and research purposes. Such measurements remain limited by the complexity of the equipment as well as by the technical and physiological challenges of testing infants and neonates. Despite these problems, ...
McCartney C J - - 2000
We report the case of a 6-week-old female infant suffering from respiratory distress related to cystic changes affecting the entire left lung. Anaesthesia was induced with sevoflurane in oxygen and spontaneous ventilation was maintained until intubation of the right main bronchus was secured. A left pneumonectomy was performed and the ...
Tripi P A - - 2000
Pulmonary haemorrhage is a rare, life-threatening complication of anaesthesia. This report describes the anaesthetic management of an infant who developed laryngospasm and pulmonary haemorrhage during general anaesthesia. The infant was subsequently found to have prior exposure to a fungus, Stachybotrys chartarum, which produces mycotoxins that may have produced capillary fragility ...
Sakurai Y - - 1999
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The high mortality rate in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has been ascribed to pulmonary hypoplasia and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). One of the principal treatment strategies has been the use of hyperventilation to reverse ductal shunting, but the wisdom of this approach is being questioned because ...
Tsai-Goodman B - - 1999
Intermittent recordings of Doppler flow velocity and cardiac output are of value during intensive care of the sick newborn infant but result in repeated disturbance of the child. We describe a new device for making continuous precordial recordings of Doppler flow velocity from the pulmonary artery in healthy resting newborn ...
Khawahur H - - 1999
Background: The objective of this study was to review infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) from the clinical and surgical aspects, and to analyze the risk factors affecting the outcome. Patients and Methods: The records of 33 infants with CDH who were admitted to the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) ...
Koyama N - - 1999
To investigate the pathophysiology of the neonatal pulmonary emphysema, we assayed platelet activating factor (PAF) in the tracheal aspirates of the low birth weight infants. A total of 29 neonates (birth weight <1750 g) who required mechanical ventilation were enrolled. Tracheal aspirates were obtained within 48 h and blood samples ...
Motz R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Infants with severely reduced pulmonary perfusion due to complex congenital cardiac malformations are in need of an improved flow of blood to the lungs. One option for treatment is to construct a systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunt. Although such shunts have been used since 1945, their spontaneous occlusion remains a major ...
Hintz S R - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Alveolar capillary dysplasia is a rare cause of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Infants with this condition die despite maximal medical intervention including inhaled nitric oxide therapy and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. To date, diagnosis of this lethal condition was made by open lung biopsy or during postmortem examination. ...
Tulloh R M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The management of sick newborn infants who have sustained a hypoxic insult is a common clinical problem but relatively little is known about the recovery process. The aim of this study was to investigate this process in newborn piglets. METHODS: Thirty five newborn piglets were exposed to chronic hypobaric ...
Nowak-Göttl U - - 1999
This review analyses literature reports from 1970 to 1998 assessing the use of streptokinase (SK), urokinase (UK) or recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) for thrombolytic therapy in neonates and infants. From 1970 to 1998 182 infants were reported to have received SK (n = 54; 29.5%), UK (n = 41; ...
Alcibar J - - 1999
A 5.5-week-old infant with tricuspid atresia presented with severe hypoxemia not responding to the placement of a central shunt (4 mm polytetrafluorethylene). The infant was taken to the catheterization laboratory, where an AVE stent was successfully implanted in a severe postoperative stenosis, at the pulmonary end of the anastomosis. The ...
Tomaszewska M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical course, neonatal morbidity, and neurodevelopmental outcomes of very low-birth-weight (<1500 g) children who develop pulmonary hemorrhage. DESIGN: A retrospective case-control study in which 58 very low-birth-weight infants who developed pulmonary hemorrhage during 1990 through 1994, of whom 29 survived, were each matched to the next ...
Dearborn D G - - 1999
Idiopathic pulmonary hemorrhage was diagnosed in 37 infants in the Cleveland, Ohio, area between 1993 and 1998. This rare disorder has been related to 12 deaths, including 7 originally thought to be sudden infant death syndrome. Thirty of the infants were African American, all of whom lived in a limited ...
Korhonen K O - - 1999
Early postnatal pulmonary hemodynamic changes were investigated with Doppler echocardiography in 17 infants with mild or moderate meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) and 16 healthy infants in a control group. The results indicate that the physiologic adaptation of the pulmonary hemodynamics is delayed in mild and moderate forms of MAS. Thus ...
Iocono J A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) after congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Although treatment advances have improved overall survival, a new cohort of patients is surviving with PH beyond the postnatal period. Because the clinical entity of postnatal persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHTN) in CDH ...
Lane J - - 1999
The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of reverse aortic arch flow in newborn infants with pulmonary hypertension, and no other identifiable cause for flow reversal, being considered for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) 2) compare the left ventricular output, and 3) outcomes, of these infants, with those ...
Nama V - - 1999
AIM: To determine whether abnormal transvascular protein flux can be measured with positron emission tomography (PET) in neonates with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). METHODS: Fourteen infants with normal gas exchange (non-RDS group) underwent one PET measurement and 12 infants with RDS (the RDS group) underwent two measurements of protein flux, ...
Macdonald P D - - 1999
We studied the possibility of an etiological role for endothelin-1 (ET-1) in the development of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Ten infants with severe PPHN requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) were studied. Pre and post pulmonary blood samples were obtained on commencing ECMO and on recovery. The samples ...
O'Donovan D - - 1999
We describe a ventilated preterm infant (26 week's gestation) who developed severe right-sided pulmonary interstitial emphysema following Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia. Prolonged selective bronchial intubation (10 days) resulted in a marked clinical improvement and resolution of the emphysema. Resolution of unilateral pulmonary interstitial emphysema may require a longer course of selective ...
Lee M - - 1999
The objective of this paper is to determine the effects of a 12-day dexamethasone course of the pulmonary function of preterm infants. The design consisted of a consecutive sample of eligible patients, before-after trial. The Regional referral center neonatal ICU was the setting. The patients were 13 preterm infants, 545-1315 ...
Darlow B - - 1998
AIMS: To audit the use of inhaled nitric oxide for the treatment of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn in New Zealand neonatal intensive care units. METHODS: Prospective data collection on all infants treated with inhaled nitric oxide in neonatal intensive care units in the 20-month period from first use ...
Taira Y - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to compare structural changes in the pulmonary vasculature in newborns with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) complicated by persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPH) and stillborns with CDH. Victorian blue van Gieson (VVG) staining and immunostaining with anti-alpha smooth-muscle actin (ASMA) was performed on lung tissue obtained ...
Lin J S - - 1998
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a rare pediatric medical emergency in Taiwan. The early diagnosis of infants with SCID is very important because it can save the life of these critical infants. The essential clues important for early diagnosis of SCID patients include positive family history of early infant death, ...
Ko S Y - - 1998
We observed clinical response to inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) in 12 neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Clinical response was defined as a decrease in oxygenation index (OI) by 40%. Ten of 12 neonates had response to iNO showing decrease OI from 46.1+/-7.6 to 14.4+/-6.8 at 1 ...
Jarvis B B - - 1998
A cluster of cases of pulmonary hemosiderosis among infants was reported in Cleveland, Ohio, during 1993 and 1994. These unusual cases appeared only in infants ranging in age from 1 to 8 months and were characterized by pulmonary hemorrhage, which caused the babies to cough up blood. A case-control study ...
Villanueva M E - - 1998
Previous studies in adults have shown that chronic pulmonary hypertension is associated with decreased endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) expression in pulmonary arteries. However, the role of decreased eNOS expression in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is unknown. We investigated the hypothesis that umbilical vein endothelial cells cultured ...
Daubeney P E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Fetal echocardiography is widely established in the United Kingdom for prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease. This may result in a substantial reduction in incidence at birth because of selected termination of pregnancy. The objective of this population-based study was to determine the incidence of pulmonary atresia with intact ...
Al-Hathal M - - 1998
Despite many advances in the management of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), the condition carries a mortality rate of 40-50% usually consequent to pulmonary hypoplasia and/or persistent pulmonary hypertension. Several centers have reported improved survival with preoperative stabilization and delayed surgery, which is now an accepted method of management. This is ...
Etzel R A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: A geographic cluster of 10 cases of pulmonary hemorrhage and hemosiderosis in infants occurred in Cleveland, Ohio, between January 1993 and December 1994. STUDY DESIGN: This community-based case-control study tested the hypothesis that the 10 infants with pulmonary hemorrhage and hemosiderosis were more likely to live in homes where ...
Takahashi Y - - 1998
A low-birth-weight female baby was admitted with respiratory distress after birth. Her mother had been diagnosed with mumps 4 weeks and 5 days prior to delivery. Mumps IgM antibody was elevated in the neonate and mumps virus ribonucleic acid was detected in the umbilical cord blood by reverse transcription-polymerase chain ...
Langer J C - - 1998
CDH is a developmental abnormality resulting in a diaphragmatic defect which permits abdominal viscera to enter the chest. Most cases occur through the posterolateral foramen of Bochdalek. The mortality rate associated with CDH remains high due to the presence of associated anomalies, pulmonary hypoplasia, and pulmonary hypertension in those with ...
Hallman M - - 1998
We prospectively analyzed airway specimens from 24 newborn infants. Inhaled nitric oxide (< or = 20 ppm for 1 to 4 days to 12 infants) did not affect the concentrations of the lipid peroxidation product, the surface activity, or the cytokines (interleukin-1, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, interleukin-1 receptor antagonist). Nitrotyrosine was ...
Sinkin R A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Exogenous surfactant replacement has improved survival and reduced pulmonary complications of prematurity. Improved early outcomes for infants of <30 weeks' gestation treated with a strategy of prophylactic versus rescue surfactant, if needed, were demonstrated in a multicenter, randomized trial conducted between 1985 and 1988. We reevaluated a subset of ...
Mizuno K - - 1998
We evaluated pulmonary function status in healthy, nonventilated very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants at 40 weeks postconception because little is known about the pulmonary function status of these infants at the time of discharge. Seven normal VLBW infants were evaluated at 40 weeks postconception, and five normal term infants were examined as ...
Williams M C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible associations between persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate, need for extra-corporeal membranous oxygenation, small for gestational age (SGA), and low ponderal index for gestational age in infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate and in matched controls. METHODS: Eighty-six infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension ...
Doyle G - - 1998
A 42-year-old multiparous pregnant woman presented with swelling and pain of the left arm at 34 weeks gestation. She had no discoloration of her arm nor a loss of radial pulse. Duplex scanning demonstrated a thrombosis in the axillary vein. She was found to have a positive circulating lupus anticoagulant. ...
Goil S - - 1998
A prostaglandin F2-like compound, 8-epi-PGF2alpha, formed from oxidation of arachidonate, has been proposed as an indicator of lipid peroxidation. We determined whether tracheal aspirate or urinary 8-epi-PGF2alpha levels would differ over time or between infants in a control group and infants with severe respiratory failure. We correlated tracheal aspirate 8-epi-PGF2alpha ...
Davidson L A - - 1998
AIMS: To describe a third case of congenital pulmonary acinar dysplasia, comparing its clinicopathological features with those of the two previous cases and with cystic adenomatoid malformations. METHODS AND RESULTS: An externally normal female infant was born to a 25-year-old after a normal pregnancy. Ventilation was not established. At autopsy ...
Kinsella J P - - 1997
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is an effective adjuvant therapy for term newborns with persistent pulmonary hypertension. However, its role in treating hypoxemic respiratory failure in premature newborns has not been established. Laboratory experiments have shown the importance of endogenously produced NO in fetal and neonatal pulmonary vasoregulation in the premature ...
Ozkan H - - 1997
Nuchal vascular hamartoma was found in a newborn premature infant who presented with nonimmune hydrops fetalis, pulmonary hypoplasia due to bilateral pleural effusion and polyhydramnios in utero. The baby died 26 hours after birth despite maximal respiratory and circulatory support. Postmortem examination revealed a vascular hamartoma localized to the left ...
Thébaud B - - 1997
Despite regular progress in neonatal intensive care, congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) diagnosed antenatally is still associated with up to 80% mortality. It is impossible to predict which fetus with CDH will survive or not. OBJECTIVE: To identify reliable antenatal predictors of outcome and of pulmonary hypoplasia (PH) in fetuses with ...
Thibeault D W - - 1997
Pulmonary hypoplasia (PH), secondary to premature rupture of fetal membranes (PROM), is a frequent cause of pulmonary insufficiency in preterm infants. Pulmonary hypoplasia of diverse causes is usually associated with pulmonary hypertension. The objective of this study was to quantitate the acinar arterial wall thickness and muscularization in preterm infants ...
Gross E - - 1997
Three infants were found to have infradiaphragmatic masses by prenatal ultrasound. Postnatal imaging studies confirmed the presence of these masses, which were suspected of being intra-abdominal malignancies (neuroblastoma). The other principal differential diagnosis was extralobar pulmonary sequestration (EPS). Intraoperative findings were consistent with EPS, which was confirmed by histologic examination. ...
Betit P - - 1997
The administration of NO has become an important and effective therapy in the clinical management of pulmonary hypertension associated with cardiopulmonary disorders in infants and children. It is likely to become a routine therapy in the treatment of PPHN, although dosing and timing strategies, early indicators of treatment failure, and ...
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