Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 797
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Malagon-Rogers Maricarmen - - 2004
A 6-week-old male with severe hypertension is presented. He was found to have hyperaldosteronism and a negative long polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism. His mother and maternal grandfather also had severe hypertension. A case is made for the possible diagnosis of familial hyperaldosteronism type II at a ...
Gramellini D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Antepartum amnioinfusion is a relatively recent procedure introduced with fetal medicine techniques. It is usually indicated for severe oligohydramnios in order to avoid the related complications such as pulmonary hypoplasia, the deforming effects of oligohydramnios, variable fetal heart rate decelerations and intraventricular hemorrhage. Antepartum amnioinfusion is also employed to ...
Olsen Steven L - - 2003
We measured exhaled nitric oxide and tracheal aspirate endothelin-1 to determine relationships between these substances and alterations in pulmonary gas exchange during respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) in comparison to those obtained from control preterm infants without RDS. Eight infants with RDS had measurements made at 24 hr and again at ...
Engmann Cyril - - 2003
We report the case of a term male infant with severe persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, who developed massive neutrophilia of unknown etiology. An extensive evaluation failed to disclose an obvious cause for his neutrophilia. A bone marrow aspirate was performed and was consistent with a leukemoid reaction. This ...
Takagi Kimiyo - - 2003
We report a rare case of a complete hydatidiform mole with two or more coexisting fetuses where both infants survived without complications. A male infant weighing 1258 g and a female infant weighing 880 g were delivered without complications and discharged 95 days after the birth. The analysis of DNA ...
Thornburg Courtney D - - 2003
We describe an unusual and interesting case of a full-term infant presenting at 7 days of life with HSV pneumonitis and a tricuspid valve thrombus ultimately requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The infant subsequently developed a pulmonary embolus. The infant was found to be heterozygous for the prothrombin G20210A mutation and ...
Shyu Ming-Kwang - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To study the relationship between prenatal ultrasound features and postnatal course of meconium peritonitis. METHODS: Meconium peritonitis was diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound. Fetuses were treated by intrauterine paracentesis of ascites when indicated, and symptomatic newborns received surgery. RESULTS: Totally 17 cases were enrolled. Prenatal ultrasound findings include abdominal calcification ...
Ichiba Hiroyuki - - 2003
BACKGROUND: The present study describes the outcome at 3 years in term and near-term infants treated with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). METHODS: The study population consisted of 18 infants delivered at 34 weeks by best obstetric estimate who were admitted to the ...
Weiner Daniel J - - 2003
Pulmonary function tests in infants have been used for many years, but they have been largely relegated to specialized centers and research purposes. More recently, development of commercial equipment and newer techniques has allowed for more broad use and application of these tests. This review describes different techniques that have ...
Kinsella John P - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of late pulmonary hypertension (late PH) in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and whether prolonged treatment with noninvasive inhaled NO therapy delivered through a nasal cannula (NC) would sustain pulmonary vasodilation during a period of transition from mechanical ventilation to spontaneous breathing. STUDY DESIGN: We collected ...
Lavezzi Wendy A - - 2003
Making the determination of live birth versus stillbirth in a discarded newborn infant based on gross and microscopic autopsy findings can be a challenging task for the forensic pathologist. The traditional criteria for live birth determination are frequently challenged in court, and indisputable evidence of live birth remains elusive. The ...
Etzel Ruth A - - 2003
Stachybotrys is a toxin-producing fungus that grows indoors when both water and cellulose are available. Epidemiologic evidence has demonstrated an association between acute pulmonary hemorrhage in infants and exposure to Stachybotrys and other fungi in water-damaged home environments. In recent years, advances in understanding of this association have occurred in ...
Niermeyer Susan - - 2003
The perinatal cardiopulmonary transition at high altitude differs from that at sea level because oxygen plays a fundamental role in the developmental changes from fetus to newborn infant. Under conditions of high altitude hypoxia, arterial oxygen saturations are lower, breathing patterns and maturation of respiratory control reflexes differ, and regression ...
Bense L - - 2003
Smoking in adults increases the relative risk of contracting spontaneous pneumothorax, a form of pulmonary barotrauma. Maternal smoking habits affect the fetus. Pregnant females attend the antenatal clinic at the 8th to 12th weeks of pregnancy. There is a participation rate of 99% of all births in Sweden. Their smoking ...
Kelly Lisa K - - 2002
We report the use of inhaled prostacyclin (PGI(2)) in 4 neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension and hypoxemia refractory to inhaled nitric oxide. Oxygenation rapidly improved after inhalation of PGI(2) in all infants. The condition of one infant subsequently deteriorated, and alveolar capillary dysplasia was found at autopsy. The surviving infants ...
Olomu Nicholas - - 2002
Clinically apparent pulmonary hemorrhage (PH) occurs in 5% to 7% of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). It is associated with a mortality rate as high as 50% and significant pulmonary and central nervous system morbidities. There is no consensus on treatment modality. We present ...
Gürakan Berkan - - 2002
Persistent pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PPIE) is a chronic form of pulmonary interstitial emphysema. The disease is histologically distinguished by large cysts and giant cells. Our patient was a female twin who was born at 31 weeks of gestation with a birth weight of 1,450 g. A chest X-ray at 2 ...
Le Cras Timothy D - - 2002
To determine whether disruption of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-VEGF receptor (VEGFR) signaling in the newborn has long-term effects on lung structure and function, we injected 1-day-old newborn rat pups with a single dose of Su-5416, a VEGFR inhibitor, or vehicle (controls). Lungs from infant (3-wk-old) and adult (3- to ...
Kolatat Thrathip - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of maternal pethidine administration on pulmonary function tests in newborn infants. PATIENTS AND METHOD: The study was carried out in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital. The study group consisted of 20 infants exposed to pethidine within 4 hours prior ...
Truog William E - - 2002
The peptide endothelin-1 (ET-1) plays an unknown role in the pathogenesis and progression of two important neonatal pulmonary disorders, chronic lung disease (CLD) of prematurity and persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). Inhaled nitric oxide (INO) is a proven vasodilator therapy in PPHN and is an experimental therapy in ...
Touch Suzanne M - - 2002
Lung disease has been a leading cause of significant morbidity and mortality since neonates first drew breath. Over the past few decades, many treatment options have evolved to aid us in our ability to support neonatal breathing. The history of neonatal pulmonary care, both its successes and controversies, can teach ...
Dembinski J - - 2002
Pulmonary interstitial emphysema (PIE) is a well-recognized severe complication of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). However, its occurrence under spontaneous breathing conditions has been described rarely. We present a case of PIE of the left upper lung lobe in an extremely low birth weight infant. Recurrent episodes of spontaneous pneumothorax ...
Sharp Jack K - - 2002
Infant pulmonary function tests (iPFTs) have primarily been used as research tools to further define physiologic pulmonary abnormalities in infants and young children with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methodologies used to measure pulmonary function in infants are described, with particular relevance to CF. A comprehensive review of studies and findings in ...
Pearl Jeffrey M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: The ideal valved conduit for right-sided (pulmonary) reconstruction in infants and children remains elusive. Desired characteristics include availability, ease of implantation, and longevity. Cryopreserved homografts are most commonly used, but availability of small sizes and limited durability remain problematic. The Shelhigh porcine-valved conduit (SPVC) with its No-React anticalcification properties ...
Tibballs J J Intensive Care Unit and Department of Anatomical Pathology, Royal Children's Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia. - - 2002
To determine the incidence and outcome and to review the management of alveolar capillary dysplasia (ACD) among newborns with severe idiopathic persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN). A retrospective review of medical records of infants admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit from 1982 to 2000 with a diagnosis of severe PPHN, ...
Gournay V - - 2002
We report three cases of severe hypoxaemia after ibuprofen administration during a randomised controlled trial of prophylactic treatment of patent ductus arteriosus with ibuprofen in premature infants born at less than 28 weeks of gestation. Echocardiography showed severely decreased pulmonary blood flow. Hypoxaemia resolved quickly on inhaled nitric oxide therapy. ...
Bell Carrie - - 2002
Congenital syphilis remains a public health concern in the United States. Infants whose mothers are treated in the third trimester without adequate prenatal care have an increased risk of morbidity and mortality in the immediate perinatal period. The identification of Treponema pallidum in tissue is definitive confirmation of infection. We ...
Nussbaum Eliezer - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To report 21 yrs of experience with pediatric flexible fiberoptic bronchoscopy in infants and children, explore newer applications, delineate potential complications, and make recommendations for its future application. DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: A 20-bed pediatric critical care unit in a tertiary care, university-based children's hospital. PATIENTS: A total of ...
Alameh Joumana - - 2002
The term alveolar capillary dysplasia refers to complex vascular abnormalities which have recently been identified in some infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension. We report four cases admitted to our institution for severe pulmonary hypertension unresponsive to maximal cardiorespiratory support, including high-frequency ventilation, inhaled nitric oxide and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The ...
Lipkin Paul H - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine the medical and neurodevelopmental outcome of children with moderately severe persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) treated with or without inhaled nitric oxide (I-NO). STUDY DESIGN: Term infants with PPHN and a baseline oxygenation index of 24 +/- 9 at study entry were randomly assigned to ...
Tripi Paul A - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary haemorrhage in infants is a rare disorder that is endemic to metropolitan Cleveland, Ohio. Since 1993, 32 infants with this disorder were diagnosed and treated at our institution, one of them after developing pulmonary haemorrhage during induction of anaesthesia. Of this population, five patients have undergone a ...
Meyburg Jochen - - 2002
A 36-month-old girl was treated for pulmonary tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) with isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide. Four weeks after starting chemotherapy, she developed high fever and clinical signs of acute pericardial tamponade. Pericardial effusion was shown by echocardiography and subsequently removed by pericardiocentesis. M. tuberculosis was demonstrated in the pericardial fluid ...
Uystepruyst Ch - - 2002
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of three resuscitation procedures on respiratory and metabolic adaptation to extra-uterine life during the first 24 h after birth in healthy newborn calves. Twenty-four newborn calves were randomly grouped into four categories: six calves did not receive any specific resuscitation ...
Salguero Karla L - - 2002
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO), a potent pulmonary vasodilator, has become a mainstay therapy for neonates with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). However, it also oxidizes hemoglobin to methemoglobin (metHgb), thereby reducing the delivery of oxygen to tissues. Studies have suggested that elevated levels of metHgb may be avoided ...
Noori Shahab - - 2002
We report a term infant with Pompe disease presenting in the immediate newborn period. The infant was born at 40 weeks' gestation, weighing 3600 g to a 32 year-old black female. Infant presented at delivery with massive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and pulmonary hypertension. Diagnosis was confirmed by low alpha-glucosidase activity. The ...
Geary Cara - - 2002
We describe the clinical courses of two premature infants, a male born at 29(4/7) weeks' gestational age after an 8-week period of rupture of membranes (ROM) and severe oligohydramnios, and a female infant born at 31 weeks' gestational age after an 18-week period of ROM and severe oligohydramnios. Within hours ...
Cook Larry N - - 2002
Persistent pulmonary hypertension is seen in association with a number of diseases and conditions in the newborn including perinatal asphyxia, meconium aspiration syndrome, Group B strep sepsis, and certain surgical conditions such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia. The conventional therapy of persistent pulmonary hypertension is discussed as well as the adjunctive ...
Banerjea Maya C - - 2002
Congenital cystic adenomatoid lung malformation (CCAM) is a rare disorder characterized by replacement of normal pulmonary tissue with cysts of variable size and distribution. Only sporadic cases of CCAM type III have been described that were stillborn or died in the early neonatal period. To our best knowledge we report ...
Kilbride H W - - 2001
Midtrimester PROM is an infrequent, yet potentially disastrous complication of pregnancy. The most likely neonatal complication is preterm delivery with associated morbidity and mortality risks. Unique neonatal complications following PPROM include skeletal deformations and pulmonary hypoplasia related to prolonged oligohydramnios exposure. A systematic approach to an infant with respiratory insufficiency ...
Arias-Camison J M - - 2001
Pneumatoceles due to acquired localized overinflation as a form of pulmonary interstitial emphysema are complications of advanced bronchopulmonary dysplasia. Different ventilation modes, selective bronchial intubation, balloon obstruction of the affected bronchus and steroids have been reported with success. Lobectomy has also been used. We present a premature infant with multiple ...
Boigner H - - 2001
Life threatening cardiopulmonary failure following protamine reversal of heparin after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) was reported to occur in adults but rarely in children. Atrial septal defect closure was performed in a 6-week-old infant erroneously suspected to suffer from right atrial thrombosis in addition. Protamine administration after CPB led to critical ...
Smith H L - - 2001
AIMS: To make non-invasive measurements of right to left (R-L) shunt and reduced ventilation/perfusion ratio (V(A)/Q) in neonates with pulmonary failure and to examine sequential changes in these variables after treatment. METHODS: Twelve neonates with pulmonary failure were studied. They ranged in gestational age from 24 to 37 (median 27) ...
Topaloglu A K - - 2001
A 2 month-old male infant presented with severe hypercalcemia due to parathyroid hyperplasia. A total parathyroidectomy and partial heterotopic autotransplantation were carried out. Hypercalcemia recurred two months later. Normocalcemia was re-established after removing one half of the implanted tissue. Despite two separate surgical explorations and several imaging studies, including 99mTc-sestamibi ...
Simpson J M - - 2001
The increased survival of low birth weight infants means that more of these infants may be candidates for catheter interventions. There are few data on the results of cardiac catheterization in this group. This study aimed to analyze, retrospectively, cardiac catheterization of infants weighing < or =2.5 kg, with emphasis ...
Pearson D L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Endogenous production of nitric oxide is vital for the decrease in pulmonary vascular resistance that normally occurs after birth. The precursor of nitric oxide is arginine, a urea-cycle intermediate. We hypothesized that low concentrations of arginine would correlate with the presence of persistent pulmonary hypertension in newborns and that ...
Wiswell T E - - 2001
Clinicians who care for infants in the delivery room or afterward must frequently manage many born through meconium-stained amniotic fluid (MSAF). Approximately 5% of infants born through MSAF develop meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). This disorder can be severe in nature, with half or more of the affected children needing mechanical ...
Rairigh R L - - 2001
To determine whether type II nitric oxide synthase (NOS II) contributes to the NO-mediated fall in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) at birth, we studied the effects of selective NOS II antagonists N-(3-aminomethyl) benzylacetamidine dihydrochloride (1400W) and aminoguanidine (AG) and a nonselective NOS antagonist, nitro-L-arginine (L-NA), during mechanical ventilation with low ...
da Costa D E - - 2001
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) due to meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS), has a high morbidity and mortality especially in centres with limited access to extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation or nitric oxide therapy. In such a setting, we conducted a pilot study to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone on severe ...
Torielli F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular outcome of a group of term newborns treated with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) for severe hypoxemic respiratory failure with associated persistent pulmonary hypertension. STUDY DESIGN: We performed echocardiographic evaluations in 40 survivors treated for severe neonatal hypoxemic respiratory failure. Each of the 40 had at ...
Greenough A - - 2001
The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of new abnormalities on routine chest radiographs of ventilated, very low birth weight (VLBW) infants during the acute stage of their illness. Infants were identified who had had at least three daily routine chest radiographs. The appearance of their subsequent ...
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