Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 802
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Michalsky Marc P - - 2005
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to review the authors' experience with alveolar capillary dysplasia (ACD), a cause of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate (PPHN) caused by decreased alveolar units, dilated anomalous pulmonary veins, thick-walled arterioles, and thickened interalveolar septa. METHODS: The records of all neonates with ACD ...
Shrivastava Savitri - - 2005
Cyanotic congenital heart disease is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates, infants and children. Presently facilities for treatment for most of these cases are available in many centres in India also. The most important factor is awareness, complete correct diagnosis and timely intervention either palliative or corrective. ...
Danhaive Olivier - - 2005
This case series reports an acute episode of hypoxemia and systemic hypotension in seven infants under 1 kg, taking place several hours or days after birth, after a period of stability and in the absence of significant lung disease. These patients were growth-restricted at birth and had a history of ...
El-Segaier Milad - - 2005
Three newborn infants with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) and intact ventricular septum (IVS) developed postnatal persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) and were successfully treated with inhaled nitric oxide (iNO). Intervention with balloon atrial septostomy (BAS) was performed in two of the infants before the iNO treatment, ...
Frigiola Alessandro - - 2005
We describe the cases of 2 infants aged 6 and 2 1/2 months, respectively, affected by mitral valve dysplasia that caused severe valvular insufficiency and heart failure in which a surgical correction was indicated because of critical general conditions. In both patients the anatomic characteristics of the valves were not ...
Greenough Anne - - 2005
Pulmonary hypertension of the newborn occurs in 1.9 per 1000 live births and affected infants are hypoxaemic because of right-to-left shunts through the ductus arteriosus and foramen ovale. Pulmonary hypertension of the newborn may be primary, or secondary to a variety of conditions including intrapartum asphyxia, infection, pulmonary hypoplasia, congenital ...
Cook Larry N - - 2005
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) and subsequent hypoxic respiratory failure is seen in association with numerous diseases and conditions in the neonate. This includes infections such as group B streptococcus, meconium aspiration syndrome, perinatal asphyxia, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital heart disease, and as an idiopathic phenomenon. Conventional therapy of persistent pulmonary ...
Madan Ashima A Department of Pediatrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California 94304, USA. - - 2005
Limited data are available to describe the spectrum of severity of neonatal chronic lung disease. In the multicenter Supplemental Therapeutic Oxygen for Prethreshold Retinopathy of Prematurity trial, all infants had some degree of pulmonary dysfunction, because eligibility required a median oxygen saturation of < or =94% with room air. Infants ...
Ambalavanan Namasivayam - - 2005
Hypoxia-induced pulmonary vascular remodeling (HPVR) may lead to persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn or cor pulmonale. Endothelin-1 (ET-1), via endothelin-A (ET(A)) receptor activation, mediates hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction. Our objectives were to develop a newborn mouse model of HPVR and to test the hypothesis that ET(A) blockade would prevent and ...
Cheah Fook-Choe - - 2005
Unresolved pulmonary inflammation in hyaline membrane disease (HMD) may be a precursor to the development of chronic lung disease of early infancy. We investigated whether nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB), a transcription factor that regulates the inflammatory process, is activated in pulmonary leukocytes in tracheal aspirates from premature infants with HMD. ...
Kreindler James - - 2005
Systemic lupus erythematosus in infants born to healthy mothers is a rare entity. We describe a male infant who presented at 1 month of age with pulmonary hemorrhage and glomerulonephritis due to systemic lupus erythematosus, confirmed serologically and histologically. He was managed with a combination of prednisone and intermittent cyclophosphamide, ...
Silva Cicero J T A - - 2005
Pulmonary capillary haemangiomatosis (PCH) is a rare disorder characterized by widespread capillary proliferation in the lung, infiltrating the interstitium and the alveolar walls. We present the HRCT features of PCH in a surviving ex-premature infant. To our knowledge, this is a unique case of the radiological features of PCH in ...
Ginz Hans F - - 2005
In infants with a Norwood stage I reconstruction, the respiratory management to direct pulmonary to systemic blood flow ratio is of critical importance. Disturbance of this delicate blood-flow balance can occur causing rapid deterioration of the infant's condition requiring urgent interventions. However, the emergency staff personnel that are generally the ...
Farrow Kathryn N - - 2005
Neonatal extracorporeal support is most often required for neonatal hypoxemic respiratory failure, usually accompanied by persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). PPHN is a clinical syndrome that results from the failure of pulmonary vascular transition to extrauterine life. Infants typically present shortly after birth with respiratory distress and cyanosis, ...
Chao Michael C - - 2005
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is an uncommon but potentially life threatening pulmonary abnormality affecting infants. Patients often present within the first 6 months of life with recurrent respiratory distress as a result of hyperinflation of the affected pulmonary lobe, and resultant near total collapse of normal lung parenchyma. We present ...
Almeida Celize C B - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although chest physiotherapy techniques are commonly used in the treatment of respiratory diseases, there are, however, few studies in the literature on the effectiveness of these techniques in paediatric patients. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the expiratory flow increase technique ...
Boucek Mark M - - 2005
Catheter-based interventional palliation of infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) has been successfully used to stabilize infants awaiting orthotopic heart transplantation. The three critical palliative requirements for HLHS are ductal patentcy, left heart decompression, and the regulation of pulmonary flow. We reviewed our experience in 40 infants with ductal ...
Bhutani Vinod K VK Department of Pediatrics, Division of Neonatal and Developmental Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305-5731, USA. - - 2005
Postnatal alterations in pulmonary mechanics, energetics and functional residual capacity (FRC) describe the structural maturation of the preterm respiratory system. To evaluate longitudinal changes in pulmonary function in infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) treated with oxygen, positive pressure ventilation and synthetic surfactant (Exosurf). Serial pulmonary function tests were performed ...
Fenton Kathleen N - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Recent work has focused attention on interim mortality (death after hospital discharge and before second-stage surgery) in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. This study investigates interim mortality in infants undergoing systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum. METHODS: At two centers in 11 years (January 1991 through ...
Usui Noriaki - - 2004
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The authors experienced 3 cases of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate (PPHN) associated with duodenal atresia with paradoxical dilatation of the distal blind end of the duodenum. The aim of this study was to clarify the characteristics of this novel association. METHODS: The medical charts of the patients ...
Picone Olivier - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate perinatal outcome after thoracoamniotic shunting for fetal pleural effusions with hydrops. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study. RESULTS: Shunting was performed immediately after diagnosis and was successful in all 54 of the cases that were attempted. There were 7 pregnancy ...
Loukanov Tsvetomir - - 2004
An infant with pulmonary sling syndrome associated with an abnormal branching of the trachea, bronchus suis, complicated by long segment intrathoracic tracheal stenosis (ie, "funnel trachea") and concomitant tracheomalacia underwent reoperation at 5 months of age. We review the anatomy of this rare entity and describe the surgical technique to ...
Shukla Aseem R - - 2004
Prenatal diagnosis of autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) implies a dire prognosis. Neonates affected by the more severe variants of ARPKD suffer respiratory failure caused by massive kidneys that restrict diaphragmatic expansion and result in pulmonary hypoplasia. Afflicted infants who survive the neonatal period and gain adequate respiratory function ...
Baraldi E - - 2004
Nasal nitric oxide levels are low in patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia, but it is not known whether this defect is already present in the first months of life. The current authors measured nasal nitric oxide in two infants with situs inversus and primary ciliary dyskinesia, diagnosed by electron microscopy ...
Forbes Adam - - 2004
In infants, pulmonary haemosiderin has been put forward as a marker of previous asphyxic abuse and possible grounds for suspicion of homicide. Review of the available literature does not provide a strong enough evidence base to support this claim. Further research is needed before instigation of criminal proceedings can be ...
Konduri G Ganesh - - 2004
The management of PPHN entered a new era with the development of inhaled NO therapy for the relief of pulmonary hypertension. The wider application of INO therapy and improved ventilation strategies led to a decrease in the need for invasive life-sustaining therapies such as ECMO. The remarkable advances in the ...
Matsubayashi Tadashi - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate serum KL-6 levels in an infant with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and pulmonary involvement. The histologic diagnosis of LCH was established by skin biopsy. Imaging of the chest confirmed marked interstitial shadowing throughout both lung fields. Acutely, serum KL-6 was elevated to ...
Keller Roberta L - - 2004
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) carries a high mortality risk secondary to pulmonary hypoplasia and respiratory failure. In experimental animals, fetal tracheal occlusion (TO) induces lung growth and morphologic maturation. We measured indicators of pulmonary function in 20 infants who were enrolled in a randomized trial of fetal TO as treatment ...
Szymankiewicz M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: The effect of surfactant lung lavage (SLL) on pulmonary function was examined in neonates with severe form of meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) (mean +/- standard deviation: birth weight, 3178.1 +/- 237.6 g; gestational age, 37.7 +/- 1.8 weeks). METHODS: The infants were on mechanical ventilation and were subjected to ...
Nikkels Peter G J - - 2004
Iatrogenic damage from a therapeutic procedure in the neonatal period can have serious consequences. Although most side effects are minor, some may result in a major handicap or death of the infant. The development of new therapeutic strategies may result in not previously observed combinations of pathology. This review focuses ...
Lorch Scott A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a selective pulmonary vasodilator that has become part of the standard management for persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN). This treatment modality, like many in neonatology, has not been well studied using quantitative economic techniques. The objective of this study was to evaluate ...
Hsieh Te-Kuei - - 2004
Clinical experience indicates that persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is one of the major causes of death in infants with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS). We aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with MAS which lead to PPHN in order to search for ways to reduce the mortality ...
Hirano Hiroshi - - 2004
Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasis (CPL) is a rare anomaly. We report a female infant born at 39 weeks of gestation who was found to have CPL. Cyanosis and tachypnea were noted immediately after birth, and, at room air, PaO2 was 30.7 mmHg, PaCO2 was 82.5 mmHg and pH was 7.12. The ...
DeNardo Paola - - 2004
In a national survey on mortality from malignant pleural neoplasms in Italy, aimed at detecting geographic clusters of cases of the disease, the town of Biancavilla, located in a volcanic area of Eastern Sicily, showed high risk of pleural mesothelioma in the absence of occupational asbestos exposure. An environmental survey ...
Hamdan Mohamed A - - 2004
Chylothorax is a rare complication following cavo-pulmonary connection and can lead to significant morbidity in infants and young children. We report here the case of a 3-month-old infant who underwent bilateral cavo-pulmonary connections, and developed severe chylothorax refractory to the usual conservative and surgical treatments. His chylothorax resolved after using ...
Vesper Stephen J - - 2004
Fungal concentrations were measured in the dust of 6 homes in Cleveland, Ohio, where an infant developed pulmonary hemorrhage (pulmonary hemorrhage homes [PHH]) and 26 reference homes (RH) with no known fungal contamination. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction assays for 82 species (or assay groups) were used to identify and quantify ...
Kabra Nandkishor S - - 2004
Premature infants with hypoplastic lungs may have elevated pulmonary vascular resistance with right to left shunt across ductus arteriosus and/or foramen ovale. Inhaled nitric oxide (NO) being selective pulmonary vasodilator without significant effects on systemic circulation can potentially reverse this shunt. The authors herewith report a case of a premature ...
Al Tawil Khalil - - 2004
The association between congenital major urinary tract anomalies (CMUTA) and spontaneous pneumothorax in term newborn infants (SPTNI) is controversial. We conducted a case-control study to test the hypothesis that SPTNI is associated with CMUTA. We compared 80 term infants with spontaneous pneumothorax to 80 healthy control infants. We recorded risk ...
Ohyama Makiko - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine the significance of diffuse chorioamniotic hemosiderosis (DCH) on neonatal morbidity and mortality. METHODS: Using data from a retrospective case-control study, we analyzed 46 singleton placentas with DCH from infants who were delivered and/or admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of Kanagawa Children's Medical ...
Dufourq N N Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of Natal, - - 2004
To examine massive pulmonary haemorrhage as an independent factor and as a co-factor in neonatal mortality by analysing the associated factors, with the purpose of identifying predisposing characteristics. A retrospective study reviewing 32 neonates who died of pulmonary haemorrhage. Data were extracted from the 2001 King Edward VIII Hospital (KEH) ...
Menon Raj Gopal - - 2004
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is known to occur postoperatively after closure of VSD. It results in a low cardiac output state with need for ventilation and frequent bagging. Methemoglobinemia, a condition associated with toxic ingestions, has been described in this setting. Methemoglobinemia is known to cause cyanosis and hypotension. We report ...
Hossain Mohammad Ashraf - - 2004
Mold contamination and toxicities are not limited to crops and animals; they are also a concern in human health. Molds occur in outdoor and indoor environments, and water-damaged buildings harbor and provide substrate for several mold species. Of these, Stachybotrys chartarum poses a particular threat to occupants. Patients with building-related ...
Uga Naoki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Although nitric oxide inhalation (iNO) therapy improves arterial oxygenation and reduces the rate of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in term neonates, the efficacy of this therapy in premature infants is controversial. The objective of the present study was to determine whether iNO therapy improves the survival of very low-birthweight infants ...
Desandes R - - 2004
AIM: Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is used to reduce right-to-left extrapulmonary shunting by decreasing pulmonary vascular resistance in term or near-term infants. The objectives of this study were to determine, first, the pulmonary blood flow status of very preterm infants with hypoxaemic respiratory failure, then the response of oxygenation to ...
Sano Shunji - - 2004
This article reviews our experience using a prosthetic conduit between the right ventricle (RV) and the pulmonary artery (PA), in lieu of the more traditional aortopulmonary shunt, for infants undergoing surgical palliation of hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Thirty-three consecutive infants underwent Norwood procedure between February 1998 and November 2003, using ...
Lin Hung-Chih - - 2004
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a common severe respiratory disease in full-term infants. To investigate the risk factors for mortality of MAS, a retrospective chart-review study of MAS was conducted from 1995 to 2001. All cases of MAS were included except cases of cyanotic congenital heart disease or congenital fetal ...
Saygili Arda - - 2004
Prenatal echocardiographic diagnosis of heart defects is important because it permits counseling of the parents with regard to prognosis and treatment options and prepares the medical team for the treatment postnatally. A male infant with absent pulmonary valve syndrome diagnosed prenatally at 22 weeks' gestation is reported. This congenital anomaly ...
Downing J W - - 2004
The pathogenesis of preeclampsia stems from aberrant changes at the placental interface. The trophoblastic endovascular invasion of tonic spiral arteries that converts them to passive conduits falters. Uteroplacental insufficiency and fetoplacental hypoxemia result. Secondary maternal oxidative stress and an excessive inflammatory response to pregnancy generate the clinical syndrome of preeclampsia. ...
Hallman Mikko - - 2004
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a selective pulmonary vasodilator. In randomised trials, iNO increased gas exchange modestly and had no effect on the outcome (survival, chronic lung disease, CLD) in very low birth-weight (VLBW) infants. NO is an important component of the innate immune system and a lipid- soluble free ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2004
We identified seventeen infants with Down syndrome without structural congenital heart disease who presented with persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn period. Respiratory distress with or without hypoxia was the presenting feature in these infants. Pulmonary hypertension resolved in the majority of the survivors. Two infants with refractory pulmonary hypertension ...
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