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Acton Bryan V - - 2011
Background:The newest measure of neurodevelopmental outcomes, the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition (Bayley-III), gives higher-than-expected scores for preterm infants; results after cardiac surgery are unknown.Objectives:The goal of this study was to report Bayley-III scores after cardiac surgery and compare the results with those of the Bayley ...
England Lucinda J - - 2011
Objective. To examine the effects of maternal prenatal smokeless tobacco use on infant birth size. Design. A retrospective medical record review of 502 randomly selected deliveries. Population. Singleton deliveries to Alaska Native women residing in a defined geographical region in western Alaska, 1997-2005. Material and methods. A regional medical center's ...
Gunnerbeck Anna - - 2011
Background: Maternal smoking is associated with disturbed cardiorespiratory control in the infant. Despite lacking knowledge of whether the harmful effects of smoking are caused by combustion products in tobacco smoke or by nicotine, it has been argued that nicotine-replacement therapy during pregnancy is safer than smoking. Objective: The goal of ...
Hamdan M A - - 2011
Objective:To determine postnatal electrocardiographic abnormalities in fetuses with echogenic cardiac foci (ECF) and no congenital heart disease (CHD).Study Design:A total of 41 fetuses with ECF and no CHD, were prospectively followed after birth with serial echocardiograms, electrocardiogram (ECG) and 24-h ECG (Holter). The primary outcome was presence of significant abnormalities ...
Phillips R M - - 2012
Approximately 40% of women who smoke tobacco quit smoking during pregnancy, yet up to 85% relapse after delivery. Those who resume smoking often do so by 2 to 8 weeks postpartum. Smoking mothers are more than twice as likely to quit breastfeeding by 10 weeks postpartum. The hospitalization of a ...
Geier Jamie L - - 2011
The Ziprasidone Observational study of car DIAC Outcomes (ZODIAC), a large simple trial comparing ziprasidone versus olanzapine in real-world use, showed no difference in risk of sudden death. Upon the request of the US Food and Drug Administration, 205 fatal events were readjudicated applying ICD-10 coding rules for sudden death. ...
Adams Esther Kathleen - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Adverse maternal and infant health outcomes due to maternal smoking are well known. Previous estimates of health care costs for infants at delivery attributable to maternal smoking were $366 million, $704 per smoker, in 1996 dollars. Changes in antenatal and neonatal care, medical care inflation, and declines in the ...
Kir Mustafa - - 2011
Cor triatriatum is a rare cardiac anomaly characterized by a membrane in the left atrium that separates the atrium into the proximal and distal chambers. Herein, we describe an unusual case of cor triatriatum combined with a ventricular septal defect in a newborn infant with a giant omphalocele and underwent ...
Stotts Angela L - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) threatens fragile infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Smoking practices were examined in families with a high respiratory risk infant (born at very low birth weight; ventilated > 12 hr) in a Houston, Texas, NICU. Socioeconomic status, race, and mental health status ...
Hunt A - - 2011
The Syracuse, NY, AUDIT (Assessment of Urban Dwellings for Indoor Toxics) study was designed to quantify asthma agent levels in the inner-city homes of a birth cohort whose mothers had a diagnosis of asthma. Risk of exposure to particulate matter (PM), particle number and tobacco smoke was assessed in 103 ...
Yang Xiao - - 2011
We aimed in this study to determine the cardiac reserve in preterm infants with phonocardiogram. One hundred and fifty-four preterm infants participated in this study. The ratio of the first heart sound to the second heart sound (S1/S2), the ratio of diastolic to systolic duration (D/S) and the cardiac contractility ...
Lee Hongkyu - - 2011
Although outcomes of neonatal cardiac surgery have dramatically improved in the last two decades, low body weight still constitutes an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality. In particular, cardiac surgery in neonates with very low birth weight (≤1.5 kg) is carried out with greater risk because most organ systems ...
Teh Jun Chuan - - 2011
To characterize the attitudes of pediatric nephrologists caring for infants with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) compared with attitudes from a survey published in 1998. Nephrology nurses and social workers were included. An e-mail survey was distributed to pediatric nephrology teams in Canada, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United ...
Hipgrave David B - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Distribution of breast milk substitutes (BMS) after the 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake was uncontrolled and widespread. We assessed the magnitude of BMS distribution after the earthquake, its impact on feeding practices and the association between consumption of infant formula and diarrhoea among infants and young children. DESIGN: One month after ...
Hagadorn J I - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study was to describe factors influencing diuretic use by neonatologists caring for very low birth weight neonates.Study Design:We surveyed 400 US neonatologists. Respondents made therapeutic decisions in clinical scenarios involving very low birth weight infants at 7, 14 and 28 days of age.Result:Response rate was 39%. ...
Zachry Anne H - - 2011
We examined caregiver awareness of the American Academy of Pediatrics' prone play recommendation, determined the primary sources of the recommendation, and examined why some infants are not provided "tummy time." Of caregivers, 25% were not aware of prone play recommendations, and one-fourth of that group was not aware of potential ...
- - 2011
We report the case of a 2.5 month-old infant with cyanotic breath-holding spells, loss of consciousness and seizures. Prolonged asystole up to 70 s despite cardiopulmonary resuscitation was documented by 24 hour Holter monitoring. An epicardial pacemaker was implanted followed by no further loss of consciousness and seizures during spells ...
Bojan Mirela - - 2011
Experience with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) after congenital cardiac surgery is limited despite evidence about reduction in pulmonary vascular resistance after the Fontan procedure. HFOV is recommended in adults and children with acute respiratory distress syndrome. The aim of the present study was to assess associations between commencement of HFOV ...
Agho Kingsley E - - 2011
Exclusive breast feeding (EBF) has important protective effects on the survival of infants and decreases risk for many early-life diseases. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors associated with EBF in Nigeria. Data on 658 children less than 6 months of age were obtained from the Nigeria ...
Semple Malcolm G MG Department of Women's and Children's Health, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom. - - 2011
To examine demographic, environmental and clinical factors associated with severe bronchiolitis in infants admitted to hospital and quantify the independent effects of these factors. Prospective cohort study. Alder Hey Children's Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom. 378 infants admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of bronchiolitis, of whom 299 (79%) were antigen ...
Rochat Philippe - - 2010
Self-awareness is viewed here as the phenotypic expression of an interaction between genes and the environment. Brain and behavioral development of fetuses and newborn infants are a rich source of information regarding what might constitute minimal self-awareness. Research indicates that newborns have feeling (subjective) experience. Unlike automata, they do not ...
Liebman Jerome - - 2010
Description of the progression of the normal newborn and neonatal electrocardiogram (ECG) in the first year of life include dare the mechanisms for the changes in the muscle masses of the pulmonary and systemic circulations and the resulting affect on the electrocardiogram included also is a description of the T ...
Lee Cheul - - 2010
A fetal echocardiogram revealed a large right ventricular mass. After birth, the infant had pulmonary blood flow obstruction with cyanosis. The size and characteristics of the tumor prevented resection. The patient underwent placement of a systemic-to-pulmonary shunt as another alternative. This palliation allowed discharge from the hospital and provided good ...
Lee Hyun Seung - - 2010
A case of pulmonary interstitial emphysema with pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum complicating pneumonia in a 6-week-old infant is reported. The patient had no history of resuscitation, bag and mask ventilation, nasal continuous positive airway pressure or mechanical ventilation.
Fukushima Hiroyuki - - 2010
Patients with Down syndrome (DS) and a left-to-right shunt often develop early severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) and pulmonary vascular obstructive disease (PVOD); the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying the development of these complications are yet to be determined. To investigate the mechanisms, we evaluated the biosynthesis of thromboxane (TX) A(2) and prostacyclin ...
Fleming Gregory A - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with the Angiojet thrombectomy system for percutaneous thrombectomy in infants following cardiac surgery. BACKGROUND: Arterial and venous thrombosis after pediatric cardiac surgery is life threatening, particularly in infants. The best method for treating these patients has not been determined. Angiojet rheolytic thrombectomy (Possis Medical, Minneapolis, ...
Dhannapuneni Ramana Rao V - - 2011
We sought to evaluate pulmonary artery banding in infants with complete atrioventricular septal defects. From 2000 to 2009, 20 infants with complete atrioventricular septal defects underwent pulmonary artery banding because of unsuitable anatomy (unbalanced ventricles, associated lesions, or both) or clinical condition (infection, chronic lung disease, or noncardiac malformation). Patients ...
Nakwan Narongsak - - 2011
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is one of the most serious conditions in neonates resulting in a high mortality and morbidity. New alternative therapies for PPHN have been sought to improve survival and reduce morbidity. To report an initial experience of using beraprost sodium (BPS) to treat infants ...
Roggini M - - 2010
We discuss the anatomic and pathophysiological patterns of preterm and term newborn. Particular attention is directed to technical artefacts relating to the interpretation of chest radiography. We analyze the reading of chest X-Ray of preterm with low birth weight and poor lung maturation. Are also taken into account X-Ray features ...
Doyle Lex W - - 2010
The long-term consequences of extreme prematurity assume more importance as survival rates increase. Pulmonary problems are common immediately after birth and most extremely preterm (EP) infants (<28 weeks' gestation) require respiratory support. Many survivors develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia and some have long-term oxygen dependency, occasionally for years. Their brain has to ...
Williams Derek A - - 2010
We report an infant with Ebstein anomaly of the tricuspid valve and severe branch pulmonary artery stenosis who was diagnosed with Williams-Beuren syndrome.
Gerrits Luella C - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: First report of an infant with coexistent omphalocele and alveolar capillary dysplasia. DESIGN: Descriptive case report. SETTING: Neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENT: We describe a term infant with omphalocele and respiratory insufficiency attributable to pulmonary hypertension. The patient was placed on extracorporeal membrane ...
Zaki Syed A - - 2010
Fetal valproate syndrome (FVS) results from prenatal exposure to valproic acid. It is characterized by a distinctive facial appearance, a cluster of minor and major anomalies and central nervous system dysfunction. We describe a 2-month-old male infant with the typical dysmorphic features characteristic of FVS. He had a persistent left ...
Lytrivi Irene D - - 2010
We report a case of congenital atresia of the superior vena cava (SVC) with stenotic anastomoses between systemic and pulmonary veins, resulting in cyanosis and symptoms consistent with SVC syndrome in an infant.
Keller Roberta L - - 2010
Endothelin-1 (ET1) is dysregulated in pulmonary hypertension (PH). It may be important in the pathobiology of congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). We hypothesized that ET1 levels in the first month would be higher in infants with CDH who subsequently expired or were discharged on oxygen (poor outcome). We further hypothesized that ...
Spillers Jana - - 2010
Persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) is a life-threatening neonatal pathology resulting from poor hemodynamic and respiratory transition to extrauterine life. Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a current, commonly used treatment of PPHN. However, some infants with PPHN do not respond to iNO therapy. Because of the significant morbidity ...
Walsh Mark A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To examine early outcomes for pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum undergoing single-ventricle palliation and to determine risk factors for mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. SETTING: Tertiary paediatric critical care unit. INTERVENTION: Risk factors for mortality were sought for infants after the primary intervention whether surgical shunt or ductal ...
Steinhorn Robin H - - 2010
When the normal cardiopulmonary transition fails to occur, the result is persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn. Severe persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn is estimated to occur in 2 per 1000 live-born term infants, and some degree of pulmonary hypertension complicates the course of >10% of all neonates with ...
de Waal Koert - - 2010
Functional echocardiography (fECHO) is the bedside use of ultrasound to longitudinally assess myocardial function, systemic and pulmonary blood flow, and intra and extracardiac shunts. This review will focus on fECHO as a tool for the clinician to assess the hemodynamic condition of sick neonates and describe situations where fECHO can ...
Collins Lee K - - 2010
In 1971, the Swedish radiologist Ulf Rudhe wrote a provocative paper on right middle lobe emphysema in infants with left-to-right shunts in which he suggested cardiac surgery rather than lung resection. At the time, this was counter to accepted medical practice. Earlier diagnosis and better medical management of ventricular septal ...
Boo N Y - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the response and survival rates of term infants with persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) on high frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) treated with either inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) or intravenous magnesium sulphate (MgSO4). METHODS: This was a randomised controlled study. ...
Atwa Khalid - - 2010
To describe the clinical course and treatment of an infant with acute pulmonary toxicity following intralesional administration of bleomycin for a lymphovenous malformation. Case report. A tertiary care University-affiliated hospital. An 8-month-old girl developed acute respiratory distress with profound hypoxemia complicated by pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum 1 day following intralesional administration ...
Katheria Anup C - - 2010
Persistent pulmonary hypertension (PPHN) of the newborn remains a challenging condition to diagnose and treat. It has been reported in infants with Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLOS), a rare defect in cholesterol synthesis. Typically, there is evidence of pulmonary hypoplasia. We report the first case of PPHN in the absence of pulmonary ...
Mullett Martha D - - 2010
The WV Birth Score began in 1984 and was revised in 2007. One part of the form is a score which predicts the top 18% of infants at risk for death in the first year of life. The other components collect information regarding the health of mothers and their infants. ...
Kundrat Sarah L - - 2010
Infantile malignant pertussis is characterized by severe respiratory failure, pulmonary hypertension, leukocytosis, and death. Bordetella pertussis is a vaccine-preventable disease that is becoming a much more globally prevalent condition contributing to more and more infant deaths each year. This article examines 2 such cases and the hospital's internal and community-based ...
Morokuma Seiichi - - 2010
Micrognathia is a facial malformation characterized by mandibular hypoplasia and a small, receding chin that fails to maintain the tongue in a forward position. We previously reported a system of prenatal screening that we developed to identify fetuses with compromised central nervous system function by observing fetal behavior. In this ...
Lennox Elaine Giannakos - - 2010
We present an infant with unusual anatomy and physiology of a persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC). The adverse physiologic consequences of the LSVC were corrected with percutaneous placement of vascular plugs.
Hedrick Holly L - - 2010
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a congenital anomaly that presents with a broad spectrum of severity dependent upon components of pulmonary hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension. While advances in neonatal care have improved the overall survival of CDH in experienced centers, mortality and morbidity remain high in a subset of CDH ...
Takahashi Shigehiro - - 2009
PURPOSE: Lung hypoplasia is associated with mortality in congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH). However, the association between lung hypoplasia and disease severity is unclear. Early prediction of disease severity would provide parents with more precise information about the anticipated course of treatment, minimize treatment disruption, and maximize the efficient management of ...
Karagoz Tevfik - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: This study focused on the anatomical features and outcomes of percutaneous pulmonary valve balloon dilation (PVD) in newborns < or = 3 kg in weight. BACKGROUND: Although PVD is the treatment of choice for isolated pulmonary valve stenosis, there are no studies detailing technical, anatomical, and outcome variables in ...
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