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Fernald Anne A Department of Psychology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. - - 2013
This research revealed both similarities and striking differences in early language proficiency among infants from a broad range of advantaged and disadvantaged families. English-learning infants (n = 48) were followed longitudinally from 18 to 24 months, using real-time measures of spoken language processing. The first goal was to track developmental ...
Seery Anne M - - 2012
Language impairment is common in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and is often accompanied by atypical neural lateralization. However, it is unclear when in development language impairment or atypical lateralization first emerges. To address these questions, we recorded event-related-potentials (ERPs) to native and non-native speech contrasts longitudinally in infants at risk ...
Noori Soudabeh - - 2012
The aim of this study is assessment of effects of different assisted reproductive techniques (ART) like in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) on prelinguistic behavior of infants conceived by these techniques. In this descriptive, cross sectional study, prelinguistic behavior of 151 full term ART infants of ...
Koterba Erin - - 2012
During the first year of life, infants spend substantial amounts of time exploring objects they encounter in their daily environments. Perceptuo-motor information gained through these experiences provides a foundation for later developmental advances in cognition and language. This study aims to examine developmental trajectories of visual, oral, and manual object ...
Hay Jessica F - - 2012
Linguistic stress and sequential statistical cues to word boundaries interact during speech segmentation in infancy. However, little is known about how the different acoustic components of stress constrain statistical learning. The current studies were designed to investigate whether intensity and duration each function independently as cues to initial prominence (trochaic-based ...
Marwick H H National Centre for Autism Studies, University of Strathclyde, Scotland, United Kingdom. - - 2013
To establish which social interactive behaviours predict later psychiatric diagnosis, we examined 180 videos of a parent-infant interaction when children were aged one year, from within the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) cohort. Sixty of the videos involved infants who were later diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder ...
Weikum Whitney M - - 2012
Language acquisition reflects a complex interplay between biology and early experience. Psychotropic medication exposure has been shown to alter neural plasticity and shift sensitive periods in perceptual development. Notably, serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SRIs) are antidepressant agents increasingly prescribed to manage antenatal mood disorders, and depressed maternal mood per se during ...
Otte R A - - 2012
Correctly processing rapid sequences of sounds is essential for developmental milestones, such as language acquisition. We investigated the sensitivity of two-month-old infants to violations of a temporal regularity, by recording event-related brain potentials (ERP) in an auditory oddball paradigm from 36 waking and 40 sleeping infants. Standard tones were presented ...
Kirk Elizabeth - - 2012
Findings are presented from the first randomized control trial of the effects of encouraging symbolic gesture (or "baby sign") on infant language, following 40 infants from age 8 months to 20 months. Half of the mothers were trained to model a target set of gestures to their infants. Frequent measures were taken ...
Shultz Cameron - - 2012
The authors examine African American African American and White socioeconomic and infant mortality outcomes in Genesee County, Michigan, assess the stated effects of the Undoing Racism Workshop (URW) on its participants and the greater-Genesee County community, and introduce the ecological approach to the cycle of socialization as a tool to ...
Ting Jonathan Y JY Babytalk Research Laboratory, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. - - 2012
To examine the hypothesis that infants receiving a degraded auditory signal have more difficulty segmenting words from fluent speech if familiarized with the words presented in both speech and sign compared to familiarization with the words presented in speech only. Experiment utilizing an infant-controlled visual preference procedure. Twenty 8.5-month-old normal-hearing ...
Ganea Patricia A - - 2012
The present research investigated the role of familiarity and proximity in infants' comprehension of displaced speech. When 13- and 16-month-old infants heard a researcher talk about a familiar person immediately after she left the room, they showed comprehension of the name by looking, pointing, or searching for the person in ...
Martin Andrew - - 2012
Before the end of the first year of life, infants begin to lose the ability to perceive distinctions between sounds that are not phonemic in their native language. It is typically assumed that this developmental change reflects the construction of language-specific phoneme categories, but how these categories are learned largely ...
Fabiyi Camille - - 2012
Anxiety is heightened for mothers of premature infants, potentially interfering with early mothering. This study describes relationships among race/ethnicity, language, and anxiety for women at social-environmental risk who deliver a premature infant. Postnatal baseline interview data from a randomized trial testing a behavioral intervention for mothers and infants (29-34 weeks ...
Mathisen Bernice A - - 2012
Working in neonatal intensive care units (NICU) is considered to be advanced practice for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) requiring post-graduate specialised education and ongoing clinical mentoring, not easily accessible within some countries such as Australia. This review investigated whether there was evidence to support SLPs as core NICU team members, rather ...
Cates Carolyn Brockmeyer - - 2012
To explore the relationship between early cognitive stimulation in the home, 6-month infant communication, and 24-month toddler language in a low-socioeconomic status sample. Longitudinal analyses of mother-child dyads participating in larger study of early child development were performed. Dyads enrolled postpartum in an urban public hospital. Cognitive stimulation in the ...
Pruden Shannon M SM Florida International University. - - 2013
Fundamental to amassing a lexicon of relational terms (i.e., verbs, prepositions) is the ability to abstract and categorize spatial relations such as a figure (e.g., boy) moving along a path (e.g., around the barn). Three studies examine how infants learn to categorize path over changes in manner, or how an ...
Henderson Annette M E - - 2012
As with all culturally relevant human behaviours, words are meaningful because they are shared by the members of a community. This research investigates whether 9-month-old infants understand this fundamental fact about language. Experiment 1 examined whether infants who are trained on, and subsequently habituated to, a new word-referent link expect ...
Chen Yi - - 2012
A revised U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) method for the isolation and detection of Cronobacter from powdered infant formula was recently developed, which combines real-time PCR, chromogenic agars, and RAPID ID 32E biochemical tests. This method provides an expedient analysis within 24 to 48 h. A collaborative validation study ...
Kinzler Katherine D - - 2012
Infants learn from adults readily and cooperate with them spontaneously, but how do they select culturally appropriate teachers and collaborators? Building on evidence that children demonstrate social preferences for speakers of their native language, Experiment 1 presented 10-month-old infants with videotaped events in which a native and a foreign speaker ...
Bernard Carline - - 2012
Within language, systematic correlations exist between syntactic structure and prosody. Prosodic prominence, for instance, falls on the complement and not the head of syntactic phrases, and its realization depends on the phrasal position of the prominent element. Thus, in Japanese, a functor-final language, prominence is phrase-initial, and realized as increased ...
Thiessen Erik D - - 2012
To efficiently segment fluent speech, infants must discover the predominant phonological form of words in the native language. In English, for example, content words typically begin with a stressed syllable. To discover this regularity, infants need to identify a set of words. We propose that statistical learning plays two roles ...
Murphy Susan K - - 2012
Epigenetic alterations may mechanistically explain the developmental origins of adult disease, namely the hypothesis that many complex adult chronic diseases originate as a result of conditions encountered in utero. If true, epigenetically regulated imprinted genes, critical to normal growth and development, may partially mediate these outcomes. We determined the influence ...
Takahashi Daijiro D Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Fukuoka, Japan. - - 2011
In 1980, the first nationwide survey on late vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) in infants was conducted in Japan, and it was followed by the second, third and fourth nationwide surveys in 1985, 1988 and 1991, respectively. The fifth nationwide survey was designed to ascertain the epidemiology of late VKDB ...
McGarvey Lorcan P - - 2011
Mortality is an important endpoint in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) trials, although accurately determining cause of death is difficult. In the Understanding the Potential Long-term Impacts on Function with Tiotropium (UPLIFT(®)) trial, a Mortality Adjudication Committee (MAC) provided systematic, independent and blinded assessment of cause-specific mortality of all 981 ...
Moriichi Akinori - - 2011
Background:  Although the B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in the umbilical cord blood (UCB-BNP) and amniotic fluid (AF-BNP) of neonates may be clinically useful for identifying newborns with cardiac dysfunction, the effects of various clinical factors, such as gestational age at birth, small for gestational age (SGA), and neonatal asphyxia, ...
Tzatzarakis M N - - 2011
In this pilot study, we examined the validity and usefulness of hair nicotine-cotinine evaluation as a biomarker of monitoring exposure to tobacco. Head hair samples were collected from 22 infants (<2 years of age) and 44 adults with different exposures to tobacco (through either active or passive smoking) and analyzed ...
Li Ling - - 2011
The noncoding SNP rs7205289, located in the microRNA-140 gene has been associated with cleft palate risk. MiR-140 was found to regulate zebrafish palatal development in vivo and its expression level be reduced by environmental smoke exposure in vitro. Therefore, we sought to investigate whether the A allele of rs7205289 and ...
Machaalani Rita - - 2011
It is postulated that nicotine, as the main neurotoxic constituent of cigarette smoke, influences SIDS risk through effects on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in brainstem nuclei that control respiration and arousal. This study compared α7 and β2 nAChR subunit expression in eight nuclei of the caudal and rostral medulla and ...
Jeliazkova Zlatka - - 2011
Objective: Prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke is associated with an increased risk of sudden infant death syndrome and possible rate increase of obstructive apnea in full-term infants but unknown in premature infants. Therefore, the objective was to study the effect of prenatal exposure to cigarette smoke on the use of ...
Liu Xun - - 2011
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a clinically defined neurological condition after lack of oxygen and often associated with cardiac dysfunction in term infants. Therapeutic hypothermia (HT) after birth is neuroprotective in infants with HIE. However, it is not known whether HT is also cardioprotective. Four newborn pigs were used in ...
Uzun Orhan - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of flecainide and digoxin combination in foetal supraventricular tachycardia. SETTING: This study was carried out in a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 29 patients diagnosed with supraventricular foetal tachycardia between 2001 and 2009. Mode of presentation, foetal cardiac function, maternal ...
Valsangiacomo Buechel Emanuela R - - 2011
In neonates and infants with congenital heart disease (CHD), cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is an established imaging modality in all patients in whom echocardiography does not provide sufficient information and definitive diagnosis. CMR is noninvasive, and does not involve vascular catheterization or ionizing radiation. Therefore the use of CMR obviates ...
Acton Bryan V - - 2011
Background:The newest measure of neurodevelopmental outcomes, the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd Edition (Bayley-III), gives higher-than-expected scores for preterm infants; results after cardiac surgery are unknown.Objectives:The goal of this study was to report Bayley-III scores after cardiac surgery and compare the results with those of the Bayley ...
England Lucinda J - - 2011
Objective. To examine the effects of maternal prenatal smokeless tobacco use on infant birth size. Design. A retrospective medical record review of 502 randomly selected deliveries. Population. Singleton deliveries to Alaska Native women residing in a defined geographical region in western Alaska, 1997-2005. Material and methods. A regional medical center's ...
Gunnerbeck Anna - - 2011
Background: Maternal smoking is associated with disturbed cardiorespiratory control in the infant. Despite lacking knowledge of whether the harmful effects of smoking are caused by combustion products in tobacco smoke or by nicotine, it has been argued that nicotine-replacement therapy during pregnancy is safer than smoking. Objective: The goal of ...
Hamdan M A - - 2011
Objective:To determine postnatal electrocardiographic abnormalities in fetuses with echogenic cardiac foci (ECF) and no congenital heart disease (CHD).Study Design:A total of 41 fetuses with ECF and no CHD, were prospectively followed after birth with serial echocardiograms, electrocardiogram (ECG) and 24-h ECG (Holter). The primary outcome was presence of significant abnormalities ...
Phillips R M - - 2012
Approximately 40% of women who smoke tobacco quit smoking during pregnancy, yet up to 85% relapse after delivery. Those who resume smoking often do so by 2 to 8 weeks postpartum. Smoking mothers are more than twice as likely to quit breastfeeding by 10 weeks postpartum. The hospitalization of a ...
Geier Jamie L - - 2011
The Ziprasidone Observational study of car DIAC Outcomes (ZODIAC), a large simple trial comparing ziprasidone versus olanzapine in real-world use, showed no difference in risk of sudden death. Upon the request of the US Food and Drug Administration, 205 fatal events were readjudicated applying ICD-10 coding rules for sudden death. ...
Adams Esther Kathleen - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Adverse maternal and infant health outcomes due to maternal smoking are well known. Previous estimates of health care costs for infants at delivery attributable to maternal smoking were $366 million, $704 per smoker, in 1996 dollars. Changes in antenatal and neonatal care, medical care inflation, and declines in the ...
Kir Mustafa - - 2011
Cor triatriatum is a rare cardiac anomaly characterized by a membrane in the left atrium that separates the atrium into the proximal and distal chambers. Herein, we describe an unusual case of cor triatriatum combined with a ventricular septal defect in a newborn infant with a giant omphalocele and underwent ...
Stotts Angela L - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Secondhand smoke exposure (SHSe) threatens fragile infants discharged from a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Smoking practices were examined in families with a high respiratory risk infant (born at very low birth weight; ventilated > 12 hr) in a Houston, Texas, NICU. Socioeconomic status, race, and mental health status ...
Hunt A - - 2011
The Syracuse, NY, AUDIT (Assessment of Urban Dwellings for Indoor Toxics) study was designed to quantify asthma agent levels in the inner-city homes of a birth cohort whose mothers had a diagnosis of asthma. Risk of exposure to particulate matter (PM), particle number and tobacco smoke was assessed in 103 ...
Yang Xiao - - 2011
We aimed in this study to determine the cardiac reserve in preterm infants with phonocardiogram. One hundred and fifty-four preterm infants participated in this study. The ratio of the first heart sound to the second heart sound (S1/S2), the ratio of diastolic to systolic duration (D/S) and the cardiac contractility ...
Lee Hongkyu - - 2011
Although outcomes of neonatal cardiac surgery have dramatically improved in the last two decades, low body weight still constitutes an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality. In particular, cardiac surgery in neonates with very low birth weight (≤1.5 kg) is carried out with greater risk because most organ systems ...
Teh Jun Chuan - - 2011
To characterize the attitudes of pediatric nephrologists caring for infants with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) compared with attitudes from a survey published in 1998. Nephrology nurses and social workers were included. An e-mail survey was distributed to pediatric nephrology teams in Canada, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United ...
Hipgrave David B - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Distribution of breast milk substitutes (BMS) after the 2006 Yogyakarta earthquake was uncontrolled and widespread. We assessed the magnitude of BMS distribution after the earthquake, its impact on feeding practices and the association between consumption of infant formula and diarrhoea among infants and young children. DESIGN: One month after ...
Hagadorn J I - - 2011
Objective:The objective of this study was to describe factors influencing diuretic use by neonatologists caring for very low birth weight neonates.Study Design:We surveyed 400 US neonatologists. Respondents made therapeutic decisions in clinical scenarios involving very low birth weight infants at 7, 14 and 28 days of age.Result:Response rate was 39%. ...
Zachry Anne H - - 2011
We examined caregiver awareness of the American Academy of Pediatrics' prone play recommendation, determined the primary sources of the recommendation, and examined why some infants are not provided "tummy time." Of caregivers, 25% were not aware of prone play recommendations, and one-fourth of that group was not aware of potential ...
- - 2011
We report the case of a 2.5 month-old infant with cyanotic breath-holding spells, loss of consciousness and seizures. Prolonged asystole up to 70 s despite cardiopulmonary resuscitation was documented by 24 hour Holter monitoring. An epicardial pacemaker was implanted followed by no further loss of consciousness and seizures during spells ...
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