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Wille Robbert R Tooropkade 10, 2102AA, Heemstede, The Netherlands. - - 2014
This paper presents 'the shame of existing' as a form of shame that is deeper and more extensive than those customarily encountered. 'The shame of existing' is defined as shame about existing as we are and especially at the fact that we are. It is accompanied by merciless and total ...
DeLoache Kristina B KB Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North - - 2014
A 1.57-kg infant presented at a major medical center in the southeastern United States at 32 weeks of gestation with growth restriction and no major anomalies after an uncomplicated pregnancy. At 1 month of life, the infant was found to be chimeric for blood types O and A. Genetic testing ...
- - 2014
Assisted Reproduction Treatment (ART) is here to stay. This review addresses the parental background of birth defects, before, during and after conception and focuses both on the underlying subfertility and on the question whether ART as a treatment is an additional contributing factor. Searches were performed in Medline and other ...
De Georgia Michael A MA Maxeen Stone and John A. Flower Professor of Neurology, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Center for Neurocritical Care, Neurological Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Ave, Cleveland, OH 44106-5040. Electronic address: - - 2014
The concept of brain death was formulated in 1968 in the landmark report A Definition of Irreversible Coma. While brain death has been widely accepted as a determination of death throughout the world, many of the controversies that surround it have not been settled. Some may be rooted in a ...
Mashuda Florentina - - 2014
Congenital anomalies or birth defects are among the leading causes of infant mortality and morbidity around the world. The impact of congenital anomalies is particularly severe in middle- and low-income countries where health care resources are limited. The prevalence of congenital anomalies varies in different parts of the world, which ...
Lu Ellen E Brain Research Centre and Department of Medicine (Division of Neurology), Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of births fathered by men with multiple sclerosis (MS) exposed to a disease-modifying drug (DMD) around the time of conception, and investigate the association between DMD exposure and birth outcomes in newborns of exposed and unexposed MS fathers. Population-based databases ...
Moses X J Ethan XJ Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, Denver, - - 2014
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) has assisted many infertile couples in conceiving. Despite increasing use in the United States, the association between ART and congenital anomalies remains a highly contested subject. We conducted a study to examine the risk of congenital anomalies among infants conceived using ART. A retrospective cohort study ...
Lichtenberg Joseph D - - 2013
In this paper I review early analytic concepts of infancy and development that were based on top-down theories derived from adult treatment and pathological formations. The therapeutic approach of neutrality, abstinence, and anonymity was concordant with developmental hypotheses. I then present a contemporary view of infancy derived from bottom-up research ...
Cozzolino Philip J PJ a Department of Psychology , University of Essex , Colchester , - - 2014
This study explores self-related outcomes (e.g., esteem, self-concept clarity, existential well-being) as a function of the interaction between self-reported levels of death fear and death denial. Consistent with the idea that positive existential growth can come from individuals facing, rather than denying, their mortality (Cozzolino, 2006 ), the authors observed ...
Bernat James L - - 2013
A combination of emerging life support technologies and entrenched organ donation practices are complicating the physician's task of determining death. On the one hand, technologies that support or replace ventilation and circulation may render the diagnosis of death ambiguous. On the other, transplantation of vital organs requires timely and accurate ...
Beebe Beatrice - - 2013
Microanalysis research on 4-month infant-mother face-to-face communication operates like a "social microscope" and identifies aspects of maternal sensitivity and the origins of attachment with a more detailed lens. We hope to enhance a dialogue between these two paradigms, microanalysis of mother-infant communication and maternal sensitivity and emerging working models of ...
Gabbay-Benziv Rinat - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare body length and head circumference at birth of neonates conceived after in vitro fertilization/ intracytoplasmic injection (IVF/ICSI), ovarian stimulation alone (OSa) or by natural conception (NC). Methods: a retrospective, cohort study of all singleton neonates conceived after fertility treatment and born at 38-40 gestational weeks in ...
Niermeyer Susan - - 2013
Delayed clamping of the umbilical cord is recommended for term and preterm infants who do not require resuscitation. However, the approach to the newly born infant with signs of fetal compromise, prematurity and extremely low birthweight, or prolonged apnea is less clear. Human and experimental animal data show that delaying ...
Setoh Peipei P Department of Psychology, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL - - 2013
What are the developmental origins of our concept of animal? There has long been controversy concerning this question. At issue is whether biological reasoning develops from earlier forms of reasoning, such as physical and psychological reasoning, or whether from a young age children endow animals with biological properties. Here we ...
Fortney Christine A CA a The Ohio State University College of Nursing , Columbus , Ohio , - - 2014
Management of the infant in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) focuses on stabilization and survival but sometimes death is an inevitable outcome. Dying neonates deserve a good death. It is unknown whether we are providing neonates with a good death. This article introduces a framework describing components needed for ...
Fleming Steven D - - 2013
To report the first live births of male infants resulting from intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) using spermatozoa from a man with Eagle-Barrett syndrome (EBS). Case report. Assisted conception unit within a private hospital. An infertile couple. An infertile couple received repeated treatment with ICSI. Clinical pregnancy and a normal live ...
Wynter Karen - - 2013
Australian data regarding spontaneous conceptions following a live birth conceived by assisted reproductive technologies (ART) have not yet been reported. This study aimed to determine the incidence of spontaneous conceptions within 18-24 months after women had a first infant conceived by ART (ARTC) or spontaneously conceived (SC). Factors associated with spontaneous ...
Kish Mary Z - - 2013
Oral feeding readiness in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population of preterm infants is a complex and multifactorial concept that is encountered on a daily basis. The significance of having an understanding of the concept of oral feeding readiness within the context of prematurity is explored using the Wilsonian ...
Shany Eilon - - 2013
To assess the effect of extra uterine life on continuity and amplitude of premature infants' cerebral activity at different gestational age as compared to soon after birth. Stable infants less than 34weeks gestation were prospectively recruited and EEG was recorded bi-weekly. Interburst interval and different wavelength amplitudes were digitally measured ...
Etemadi Mozziyar - - 2013
Preterm birth causes 1 million infant deaths worldwide every year, making it the leading cause of infant mortality. Existing diagnostic tests such as transvaginal ultrasound or fetal fibronectin either cannot determine if preterm birth will occur in the future or can only predict the occurrence once cervical shortening has begun, ...
Evans Bonnie - - 2013
This article argues that the meaning of the word 'autism' experienced a radical shift in the early 1960s in Britain which was contemporaneous with a growth in epidemiological and statistical studies in child psychiatry. The first part of the article explores how 'autism' was used as a category to describe ...
Buckles Kasey S - - 2013
Season of birth is associated with later outcomes; what drives this association remains unclear. We consider a new explanation: variation in maternal characteristics. We document large changes in maternal characteristics for births throughout the year; winter births are disproportionally realized by teenagers and the unmarried. Family background controls explain nearly ...
Catalano R R School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA. - - 2013
Controversy remains over whether declines in male births reported after population stressors result from either or both reduced conception of males or increased selection in utero against male fetuses. We use monthly birth cohorts to determine if Japanese male births following the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011 fell below ...
Bosworth Rain G RG Department of Psychology, 0109, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA, 92093, USA. - - 2013
The current study assessed whether contrast sensitivity is affected in preterm infants with a history of spontaneously regressed retinopathy of prematurity (ROP, Stages 1-3). Specifically, we employed luminance (light/dark) and chromatic (red/green) stimuli, which are mediated by the magnocellular (M) and parvocellular (P) subcortical pathways, respectively. Contrast sensitivity (CS) was ...
Bergelson Elika E Dept. of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania, Institute for Research in Cognition Science, 3401 Walnut St., 400a, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2013
Young infants' learning of words for abstract concepts like 'all gone' and 'eat,' in contrast to their learning of more concrete words like 'apple' and 'shoe,' may follow a relatively protracted developmental course. We examined whether infants know such abstract words. Parents named one of two events shown in side-by-side ...
Barnes Margaret - - 2013
The short and long-term benefits that breastfeeding has for both infant and mother are well recognised. With births increasingly occurring as a result of assisted conception (AC) technologies, the impact that these treatments have on a woman's experience of breastfeeding is an important issue to explore. This paper reports findings ...
Hepach Robert - - 2013
As humans, we are attuned to the moods and emotions of others. This understanding of emotions enables us to interpret other people's actions on the basis of their emotional displays. However, the development of this capacity is not well understood. Here we show a developmental pattern in 10- and 14-month-old ...
Bicking Kinsey Cara - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: to provide a principle-based analysis of the concept of maternal-infant bonding. DESIGN: principle-based method of concept analysis for which the data set included 44 articles published in the last decade from Pubmed, CINAHL, and PyschINFO/PsychARTICLES. SETTING: literature inclusion criteria were English language, articles published in the last decade, peer-reviewed ...
Vik Kari - - 2012
This paper provides an overview of basic Marte Meo video interaction guidance concepts and describes the therapeutic performance of the method applied in the context of early mother-infant interaction and postnatal depression. Weight is put upon the importance of the therapeutic relationship. Further Marte Meo therapy is understood in the ...
Philibert Aline - - 2012
Summary Birth seasonality responds to a variety of environmental and socio-cultural factors. The present study was carried out to quantify the trends in seasonal variation in birth rate in seven districts in the Kayes region of Mali between 2007 and 2010 and to attempt to link climatic- and agricultural-cycle-dependent factors ...
Bhat Rama - - 2012
This article discusses the historical background, epidemiology, and pathophysiology of meconium-stained amniotic fluid and provides current concepts in delivery room management of meconium-stained neonate including the current Neonatal Resuscitation Program guidelines.
Abdel-Latif M E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To compare neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants conceived after assisted conception (AC) compared with infants conceived spontaneously (non-AC). DESIGN: Population-based retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Geographically defined area in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory, Australia served by a network of 10 neonatal intensive care units. PATIENTS: ...
Gloria-Bottini F - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The season of conception affects human reproduction, intrauterine growth, neonatal parameters, sex ratio, cognitive development and, in adult life, performance in many fields. Associations between polymorphic enzymes and season of conception have been also reported. In this study we searched for a possible association between season of conception and ...
Lyerly Anne Drapkin - - 2012
The concept of "normal birth" has been promoted as ideal by several international organizations, although debate about its meaning is ongoing. In this article, I examine the concept of normalcy to explore its ethical implications and raise a trio of concerns. First, in its emphasis on nonuse of technology as ...
Papoff Paola - - 2012
Advances in neonatal intensive care have markedly improved survival rates for infants born at a very early lung development stage (<26 weeks gestation). In these premature infants, even low inspired oxygen concentrations and gentle ventilatory methods may disrupt distal lung growth, a condition described as "new" bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). BPD ...
Risso Francesco M - - 2012
Objective: There is growing evidence on the usefulness of biomarkers in the early detection of preterm infants at risk for brain damage. However, among different tools Activin A, S100B protein and adrenomedullin assessment offer the possibility to investigate brain/multiorgan function and development. This could be especially useful in perinatal medicine ...
Shneider Benjamin L BL Department of Pediatrics, Children’s Hospital Pittsburgh of UPMC, Pittsburgh, PA 15224, USA. - - 2012
Cholestasis predisposes to fat-soluble vitamin (FSV) deficiencies. A liquid multiple FSV preparation made with tocopheryl polyethylene glycol-1000 succinate (TPGS) is frequently used in infants with biliary atresia (BA) because of ease of administration and presumed efficacy. In this prospective multicenter study, we assessed the prevalence of FSV deficiency in infants ...
Luxwolda Martine F - - 2012
PURPOSE: Sufficient vitamin D status may be defined as the evolutionary established circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] matching our Paleolithic genome. METHODS: We studied serum 25(OH)D [defined as 25(OH)D(2) + 25(OH)D(3)] and its determinants in 5 East African ethnical groups across the life cycle: Maasai (MA) and Hadzabe (HA) with traditional life styles ...
Dror D K - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Compromised vitamin D status is common in pregnancy and may have adverse impacts on fetal development. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of infant whole-body bone mineral content (WBBMC) at 8-21 days of age with feto-maternal vitamin D status in a multiethnic population in Oakland, California.SUBJECTS/METHODS:This ...
Czech-Kowalska Justyna J Department of Neonatology and Neonatal Intensive Care, The Children's Memorial Health Institute, 04-730 Warsaw, Al. Dzieci Polskich 20, Poland. - - 2012
25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) may influence bone turnover. We compared the dynamics of bone markers in 30 infants on vitamin D supplementation (≅550 IU/day) with different degrees of hypovitaminosis D (25OHD <11 ng/ml - deficiency vs. ≥ 11 <20 ng/ml - insufficiency). Baseline and follow-up (after 10 weeks), 25OHD, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D ...
Provenzale J M - - 2012
Radial diffusivity is a diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metric that has received increased attention in recent studies as a parameter that may better reflect myelination than the more commonly-used fractional anisotropy (FA). This study compared rates of radial diffusivity decrease against FA increase and axial diffusivity decrease on DTI maps ...
Albersen Monique - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:Vitamin B(6) plays a pivotal role in brain development and functioning. Differences in vitamin B(6) homeostasis between preterm and term newborn infants have been reported. The authors sought to investigate whether B(6) vitamers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of preterm and term newborn infants are different.METHODS:B(6) vitamer concentrations were ...
Dawodu Adekunle - - 2012
Although exclusively breastfed infants are at increased risk of vitamin D (vit D) deficiency if vit D supplementation is lacking and sun exposure is limited, assessment of both risk factors in the first year of life is lacking. We evaluated the contribution of vit D intake and sunlight exposure to ...
Siahanidou Tania - - 2012
α-Klotho (α-KL), a protein with antiaging properties, regulates phosphate, calcium, and bone metabolism, induces resistance to oxidative stress, and may participate in insulin signaling. The role of α-KL in neonates, known to be prone to metabolic disturbances and oxidative stress, is not known. The aim of this study was to ...
Burris Heather H - - 2012
In a prospective prenatal cohort study, we examined associations of second trimester and cord plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) with small-for-gestational age (SGA) and the extent to which vitamin D might explain black/white differences in SGA. We studied 1067 white and 236 black mother-infant pairs recruited from eight obstetrical offices early ...
Thomas Teena C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:To determine the incidence of moderate-to-severe transient neonatal hypocalcemia in term neonates and to describe the characteristics of affected infants and the outcomes of their management.METHODS:We reviewed medical records of all term infants <31 days of age who presented to Children's Medical Center Dallas from 2001 to 2009 with hypocalcemia ...
McKiernan Pat - - 2012
Neonatal jaundice lasting greater than 2 weeks should be investigated. Pale stools and dark or yellow urine are evidence of liver disease, which should be urgently investigated. The neonatal hepatitis syndrome has many causes, and a structured approach to investigation is mandatory. It should be possible to confirm or exclude ...
Miyao Masashi - - 2012
Extrahepatic biliary atresia (EHBA) is a rare disease characterized by progressive and obliterative cholangiopathy in infants and is one of the major causes of secondary vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB) due to cholestasis-induced fat malabsorption. Breast feeding increases the tendency of bleeding in EHBA patients because breast milk contains low ...
Lohner Szimonetta - - 2012
The aim of this systematic review was to collect all available randomized controlled trials on the effect of folate supplementation on folate status and health outcomes within the paediatric age group. The method included a structured search strategy on MEDLINE, Embase and Cochrane databases, with formal inclusion/exclusion criteria and data ...
Gangat Mariam - - 2012
Vitamin D is critical in bone and mineral homeostasis, particularly in the prevention of rickets in children. Levels of vitamin D in cord blood were measured in a population from New Orleans as an index of maternal vitamin D status at the time of delivery. Cord blood samples from infants ...
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