Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1366
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Villar José - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Preeclampsia, gestational hypertension, and unexplained intrauterine growth restriction may have similar determinants and consequences. In this study, we compared determinants and perinatal outcomes associated with these obstetric conditions. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed 39,615 pregnancies (data from the WHO Antenatal Care Trial), of which 2.2% were complicated by preeclampsia, 7.0% ...
Foxcroft G R - - 2006
The main purpose of this review is to discuss associations between within-litter variation in birth weight, and preweaning survival and postnatal growth in the pig, as the basis for suggesting that the developmental competence of pigs born, as well as the size of the litter, need critical consideration. Extremes of ...
Poudel B - - 2006
Face-open nanoboxes of lead telluride and selenide have been synthesized by a simple hydrothermal method. Nano- and microcrystals of various morphologies, including microflowers, semi-microflowers, cubic nanoparticles, etc., have also been observed at different synthesis conditions. Temperature, time, and concentrations of various reactants play a major role in controlling the morphology ...
Kandhai M C - - 2006
Enterobacter sakazakii can be present, although in low levels, in dry powdered infant formulae, and it has been linked to cases of meningitis in neonates, especially those born prematurely. In order to prevent illness, product contamination at manufacture and during preparation, as well as growth after reconstitution, must be minimized ...
Cooke Richard W I - - 2007
It has been suggested that fetal growth restriction (FGR) is associated with fetal maturation so that, compared with appropriately grown preterm infants, mortality and some neonatal morbidities may be reduced. The evidence for this is conflicting, and severe FGR has been shown to be harmful. In addition excessive growth has ...
Landmann Eva - - 2006
AIMS: The ponderal index describes body proportionality at birth thus distinguishing symmetric from asymmetric growth restriction. We aimed to develop ponderal index percentiles for preterm and term neonates born in a European population. METHODS: Auxologic data were obtained from neonates born from January 1990 to December 1998 from the datasets ...
Were F N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Early growth in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants has been found predictive of their later outcomes. This has led to increased interest in establishing measures to optimise such growth. In facilities without the resources required to undertake long-term audits for all the high risk infants they graduate, these ...
Poindexter Brenda B - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine if postnatal growth failure exerts an adverse effect on subsequent growth and neurodevelopment. STUDY DESIGN: A secondary analysis of 1018 infants who were enrolled in a randomized, clinical trial of glutamine supplementation was performed to determine whether early provision of parenteral amino acids (AA) is associated with ...
Caino Silvia - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is agreement amongst most investigators now on the fact that growth, when measured over short periods, is an irregular and non-linear process. However, many aspects related to this process still remain controversial, for example, the continuity or discontinuity of the daily changes and the degree of existence of ...
Takaya J - - 2006
Magnesium deficiency in pregnant women is frequently seen because of inadequate or low intake of magnesium. Magnesium deficiency during pregnancy can induce not only maternal and fetal nutritional problems, but also consequences that might last in offspring throughout life. Many epidemiological studies have shown that restricted fetal growth, i.e. intrauterine ...
Yeung Melinda Y MY Department of Pharmacy, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, New South Wales, Australia. - - 2006
Intrauterine growth retardation is associated with oligonephropathy and the risk of hypertension and renal disease in adulthood. Animal study data show that nephron density is directly related to protein nutrition status during nephrogenesis. Among infants born at low gestation, postnatal growth retardation and major deficits in energy and protein intake ...
KosiƄska Magdalena - - 2006
Catch-up growth has been the subject of many studies, but whether and when infants born preterm and with low birth weight achieve normal size is controversial. One of the reasons for diverse results is likely to be the difference in how the infants' ages are calculated. The aim of this ...
Marks Kyla-Anna - - 2006
AIM: To determine in a cohort of very-low-birthweight (VLBW) infants the incidence of postnatal growth failure and the influence of intrauterine growth and neonatal morbidities on the risk for severe postnatal growth failure (PNGF). METHODS: The study was based on analysis of data from the Israel Neonatal Network database on ...
Jenkins Gregory P - - 2006
Understanding the factors leading to inter-annual variation in recruitment of animals with complex life cycles is a key goal for ecology and the sustainable management of animal resources, such as fisheries. We used otolith microstructure to determine larval growth rates of post-larval King George whiting, Sillaginodes punctata, in seagrass beds ...
Cademartiri Ludovico - - 2006
High-quality PbS nanocrystals were produced in multigram-scale quantities through a solventless, heterogeneous, and relatively green route. The heterogeneous nature of this reaction allows one to limit the diffusion in the system, allowing for unprecedented monodispersity and quality of the product demonstrated by a full-width at half-maximum of the photoluminescence peak ...
Cockerill J - - 2006
Poor growth after preterm birth, particularly poor head growth, is associated with impaired neurodevelopmental outcome. To evaluate weight gain and head growth between birth and term in a contemporary cohort of preterm infants, taking into account breast milk intake and illness severity. Subjects were inborn infants <or=32 weeks gestation who ...
Rossi Sergio - - 2006
Intra-annual radial growth rates and durations in trees are reported to differ greatly in relation to species, site and environmental conditions. However, very similar dynamics of cambial activity and wood formation are observed in temperate and boreal zones. Here, we compared weekly xylem cell production and variation in stem circumference ...
Tomlinson M - - 2006
AIM: To examine the association between maternal post-natal depression and infant growth. BACKGROUND: Infant growth has recently been shown, in two studies from South Asia, to be adversely affected by maternal depression in the early post-partum period. It is uncertain whether a similar association obtains in developing countries outside Asia. ...
Johnson Teresa S - - 2006
Our objective was to determine whether classification of birth weight as small, average, or large for gestational age using published fetal growth curves is predictive of a term infant's risk of hypoglycemia. This prospective, descriptive study measured and plotted birth weight measurements on six published fetal growth curves to classify ...
Koklu Esad - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Low birth-weight is known to be associated with an increase in cardiovascular risk similar to that seen with major environmental risk factors, such as cigarette smoking or hypertension. Much epidemiological evidence has linked low birth-weight with hypertriglyceridaemia. METHOD: We measured aortic wall thickness by ultrasonography and lipid ...
Shah Prakesh S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Traditional measure of postnatal growth failure assessment has poor discriminatory power for long-term outcomes. Our objective was to identify measure of postnatal growth failure associated with long-term outcome in preterm infants born at < 28 weeks' gestation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Four measures of defining postnatal growth failure at 36 ...
Gibson A - - 2006
There is considerable evidence to show that babies born prematurely have poor postnatal growth, and the more premature the baby, the greater the impairment is likely to be and the longer it will persist. Nutrition has been shown to play an important part in this, but adequate nutrition is difficult, ...
Boas Malene - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Infant boys show a brief activation of their hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis shortly after birth, the physiological significance of which is poorly understood. The objective of the study was to investigate the correlation between endogenous testosterone levels and penile size and growth. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal population-based study taking place at two ...
Malamitsi-Puchner Ariadne - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Angiopoietin-2, an angiogenic factor, causing destabilization and postnatal remodeling of blood vessels, is upregulated by hypoxia. We hypothesized that circulating Angiopoietin-2 levels might differ in intrauterine growth restricted and appropriate for gestational age fetuses and neonates, as the former have restricted growth and development and suffer from in utero ...
Gardosi J - - 2006
Accurate definition of small for gestational age (SGA) is essential for antenatal as well as postnatal care. SGA is associated with significant antenatal and postnatal pathology. The term, however, includes constitutional smallness, and it is essential to adjust for physiological variation in order to identify those babies who are pathologically ...
Weiler Hope A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practice guidelines for aggressive nutritional intervention by using parenteral amino acids (AAs) and minimal enteral feeding (MEF) as early as the first day of life have not been tested for benefits to bone mass. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether early introduction of parenteral AAs and MEF improves growth and ...
Morley Ruth R Clinical Epidemiology University of Melbourne Department of Pediatrics, Royal Children's Hospital, Flemington Road, Parkville, Victoria 3052, Australia. - - 2006
There is inconsistent evidence that maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25-(OH)D] deficiency may impair fetal growth. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between maternal 25-(OH)D and PTH concentrations at less than 16 and 28 wk gestation and offspring birth size. This was an observational study. The study was ...
Boutsikou Theodora - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis, a critical process for growth and development is altered in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptors VEGFR-1, soluble (s) VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2 represent a regulatory system, essential for both physiological and pathological angiogenesis. AIM: To study the implication of sVEGFR-1-a VEGF antagonist-in ...
Fang S - - 2005
Preterm intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is strongly associated with increased mortality and morbidity. In the management of these infants, complications of preterm birth can be amplified by the effect of suboptimal fetal growth. It is important that pregnancies with IUGR are detected before birth, so that delivery can be arranged ...
Chang Chiung-Hsin - - 2005
As fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) may have increased risks with perinatal morbidity and mortality, prenatal diagnosis of IUGR is a very important issue in perinatology. To assess the efficacy of fetal upper arm volume in predicting IUGR, we undertook a prospective, cross-sectional study using quantitative three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound ...
Al-Shehri Mohammed A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to construct intrauterine percentile growth curves for body weight, length and head circumference for local use in a high altitude area of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of all Saudi births from Abha General Hospital over a 6-year period ...
Olivier Paul - - 2005
Ischemia/reperfusion injury to the developing brain is a major cause of neurologic abnormalities in preterm infants. To investigate the underlying mechanisms, we modified a previously described rat model of unilateral uterine-artery ligation on the 17th embryonic day (E17). Growth retardation was taken as an index of in utero ischemia, and ...
Frattarelli Daniel A C - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) results in substantial decrease in nephron number and renal and hepatic organ mass in experimental animals and newborn infants. Because the liver and the kidneys are the major organs for drug biotransformation and elimination, any decrease in their size and function may lead to impaired ...
Brandt Ingeborg - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To analyze linear growth of very low birth weight (VLBW), small for gestational age (SGA; < 10th percentile) preterm infants from birth as to catch-up or no catch-up growth. STUDY DESIGN: VLBW SGA preterm infants (n = 46) with primarily symmetric intrauterine growth restriction from the Bonn Longitudinal Study ...
Anderson Nigel G - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is desirable to develop a bedside method for assessing cerebral development in the very premature infant to monitor the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving cerebral development. Our aim was to describe the growth trajectory of the corpus callosum (CC) on cranial sonography in very premature ...
Wathén Katja-Anneli - - 2006
CONTEXT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) promotes placental vascularization, which is inadequate in preeclampsia and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). The soluble receptor of VEGF (sVEGFR-1), also known as soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1, is produced in the placenta and reduces VEGF activity. Therefore, elevated sVEGFR-1 could contribute to the development of ...
Chester Victoria L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: During infancy, rapid changes in physical growth affect the size and shape of the body segments. To understand the effects of growth on movement, it is first necessary to quantify rates of development during the acquisition of important motor milestones. The goal of this longitudinal study was to quantify ...
Malamitsi-Puchner Ariadne - - 2005
The angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and placenta growth factor (PlGF) are respectively up- and downregulated by hypoxia. We aimed to study circulating levels of the above factors in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and to correlate their levels with the customized centiles of the infants. The study included ...
Baird Janis J MRC Epidemiology Resource Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton SO16 6YD. - - 2005
To assess the association between infant size or growth and subsequent obesity and to determine if any association has been stable over time. Systematic review. Medline, Embase, bibliographies of included studies, contact with first authors of included studies and other experts. Studies that assessed the relation between infant size or ...
Piazze J - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the utility of Doppler velocimetry and computerized cardiotocography in the management of intrauterine growth restriction and prediction of neonatal outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Seventy-two pregnant women with fetuses showing growth restriction and delivered within 48 h of their last Doppler velocimetry evaluation. The last computerized cardiotocographic trace ...
Hack Maureen - - 2005
Our objective was to compare the blood pressure of 20-y-old very low birth weight (VLBW; <1.5 kg) individuals with that of normal birth weight (NBW) control individuals. The population included 195 VLBW (92 female and 103 male) and 208 NBW (107 female and 101 male) individuals who were born between ...
Brown-Douglas C G - - 2005
AIM: To examine the growth of spring- and autumn-born Thoroughbred foals raised on pasture. METHODS: Bodyweight and growth rates were measured in pasture-raised Thoroughbred horses, born in either spring (n=56) or autumn (n=7), from birth to approximately 13 and 17 months of age. RESULTS: Birthweight tended to be lower in ...
Imamura Emi - - 2005
Proliferating capacity of hepatocytes is rapidly decreased during growth into maturity, but its exact reason(s) are not well known. Hepatocytes isolated from infant (10-14 days old) and adult (10-13 months old) B6C3F1 mice were cultivated in the medium containing epidermal growth factor and insulin. Proliferative capacity, apoptosis, morphological changes, cell ...
Silva Antonio - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate if fetal, head, and somatic postnatal growth are independent predictors of cognition and estimate their relative importance compared to the effect size of social factors on cognitive function at 10 years. METHODS: Longitudinal population-based data from the birth questionnaire and the 5- and 10-year sweeps of the ...
Kalanda B F - - 2005
The aim of this analysis was to construct cross-sectional gestational age specific percentile curves for birthweight, length, head and mid-arm circumference for Malawian babies, and to compare these percentiles with reference values for babies born to women with normal pregnancies, from a developed country. A cross-sectional study which enrolled pregnant ...
Carroll Julia - - 2005
While survival rates are increasing in the extremely low birthweight (ELBW) group of preterm infants, the most common morbidity among these infants is inadequate growth. By the time of discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit, many ELBW infants develop extrauterine growth restriction. Several issues related to improving the growth ...
Littner Yoav - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Quantitative ultrasound is increasingly used to assess bone status. Bone speed of sound (SOS), a biophysical property of bone, has been used to predict bone breakability. While decreased bone mineral content and delayed epiphyseal growth have been reported in small for gestational age (SGA) infants, there are no data ...
Shih Shin-Lin - - 2005
The length of the ossified part of the long bones of the upper (humerus) and lower limb (femur) as well as the axial length (that is, height) of the vertebral body of L1 were measured on a plain supine radiograph in 347 newborn babies (228 males, 119 females) with the ...
McCowan Lesley M E - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine the following: (1) the proportion of babies reclassified as small or appropriately grown using customized and population centiles; and (2) the relative risks of perinatal morbidity, including abnormal umbilical Doppler studies, in babies classified as small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (non-SGA) using ...
Lauritzen Lotte - - 2005
Fish oil addition to infant formulas has raised concern on whether increased intake of n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-3LCPUFA) affects infant growth. The objective of this study was to determine whether maternal fish oil supplementation during 0-4 mo of lactation influences growth in infancy and early childhood. In a ...
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