Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1367
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Villanueva R D - - 2008
The toxic effects of the water accommodated fraction (WAF) of a natural gas condensate on the larvae of five brooding coral species of the Family Pocilloporidae were examined in short term (96 h) bioassays. Lethality was observed in some larvae of Seriatopora hystrix and Seriatopora guttatus upon exposure to high ...
Loui A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Growth of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants is used to monitor nutrition and intrauterine velocity is taken as the desired goal. AIM: We hypothesised that beside nutrition growth failure is caused by disease severity. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study of 45 VLBW infants undergoing intensive care, mechanical ventilation was used ...
Njokanma O F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postnatal growth monitoring is useful in assessing the health ofpreterm babies but their growth patterns have not been sufficiently studied in Africans. AIM: To describe the growth achievements ofpreterm, low birth weight, appropriately-sized, Nigerian infants. STUDY DESIGN: The subjects were prospectively recruited from two centers Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching ...
Pilling E L - - 2008
Approximately 10% of all infants are born prematurely. A large proportion of these infants show evidence of postnatal growth impairment irrespective of whether birth weight was appropriate or small for gestational age. The timing and magnitude of catch-up growth is very variable, with the most immature infants showing markedly delayed ...
Jones Laura L LL Centre for Human Development and Ageing, Department of Human Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, UK. - - 2008
To examine the association between household socio-economic status (SES) at birth and poor infant growth such as small for gestational age (SGA) and stunting across two different socio-cultural settings: South Africa and the Philippines. Data were from two longitudinal birth cohorts, the Birth to Twenty (Bt20) study in South Africa ...
Choi Hyunok - - 2008
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are ubiquitous air pollutants generated by combustion of organic material, including fossil fuel. It has been an open question whether prenatal exposure to air pollution in general and PAHs in particular significantly increases the risk of intrauterine growth restriction, including small size for gestational age (SGA), ...
Malacova Eva - - 2008
This study investigated the relation between birth characteristics and numeracy attainment at age 8 years. Using a multilevel approach, the authors analyzed all non-Aboriginal singletons born in Western Australia who attended government schools and participated in a Western Australia-wide numeracy test in grade 3 between 1999 and 2005. Appropriateness of ...
Lodygensky Gregory A - - 2008
The hippocampus is known to be vulnerable to hypoxia, stress, and undernutrition, all likely to be present in fetal intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). The effect of IUGR in preterm infants on the hippocampus was studied using 3D magnetic resonance imaging at term-equivalent age Thirteen preterm infants born with IUGR after ...
Paneth Nigel - - 2008
Several recent papers have argued that understanding of pathologic perinatal processes may be advanced by considering, in varying ways, the population of fetuses still in utero. Initially invoked by Yudkin et al. (Lancet 1987;1:1192-4) as the optimum denominator for intrapartum stillbirths, fetuses in utero (or "fetuses at risk") have also ...
Moyer-Mileur L J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine if physical activity delivered by an infant's mother would be as effective in promoting bone mineral acquisition in preterm very low birth weight (VLBW) infants as the same intervention administered by a trained therapist. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Preterm VLBW infants were randomized to receive daily physical activity ...
Roggero Paola - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Many preterm infants are significantly growth restricted at hospital discharge and are at increased risk for long-term growth failure. AIMS: To compare growth and weight gain composition after term between preterm infants who were growth retarded and those who were not. STUDY DESIGN: An observational longitudinal study was conducted. ...
Collins Carmel T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the relative contribution of macronutrients to postnatal growth in preterm infants born <33 wk of gestation. METHODS: An audit of daily parenteral and enteral intakes of protein, carbohydrate, fat, energy, and growth (daily weight, weekly length, and head circumference) from birth to discharge home in 138 infants ...
Basso Olga - - 2008
Birth weight is associated not just with infant morbidity and mortality, but with outcomes occurring much later in life, including adult mortality, as reported by a paper by Baker and colleagues in this issue of Epidemiology. While these associations are tantalizing per se, the truly interesting question concerns the mechanisms ...
Kennedy Tay - - 2008
Speed of information processing and recognition memory can be assessed in infants using a visual information processing (VIP) paradigm. In a sample of 100 infants 6-8 months of age from Southern Ethiopia, we assessed relations between growth and VIP. The 69 infants who completed the VIP protocol had a mean ...
Roza Sabine J - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether intrauterine growth trajectories are associated with temperamental difficulties in infancy. METHOD: The Generation R Study is a population-based cohort study from fetal life onward. Size at different time points during gestation and growth trajectories, calculated on the basis of repeatedly measured fetal growth characteristics, were related ...
Marques Ilza L - - 2008
AIM: To study the growth of infants with isolated Robin sequence (IRS) considered being severe cases during the first 6 months of life. METHODS: Twenty infants with IRS, considered being severe cases were followed in a pure prospective longitudinal study. Feeding facilitating techniques were applied to all infants after airway ...
Tan M J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Infants born very preterm are at an increased risk of poor growth in the post-natal period. Poor brain growth in this critical period may result from inadequate nutrition, and has long-term effects on neurodevelopmental outcome. AIMS: To examine the feasibility of providing macronutrients at amounts above current recommendations (hyperalimentation) ...
Ng Y P M - - 2008
A newborn with homozygous alpha-thalassemia presented with intrauterine growth retardation and presumed persistent pulmonary hypertension. He also had moderate anemia, hepatomegaly and hypospadias. Correlating the newborn's clinical presentation with an underlying cause of anemia was helpful for early diagnosis. Prenatal blood tests must include red cell indices and a mean ...
Casey Patrick H - - 2008
Very low birth weight premature (VLBWPT) infants demonstrate growth patterns in the early years of life which differ from those of term and large low birth weight preterm (LBWPT) peers. Optimal post natal growth of VLBWPT children is associated with more positive later health and neurodevelopmental outcomes. The neonatologist engaged ...
Brooks Rechele - - 2008
We found that infant gaze following and pointing predicts subsequent language development. At ages 0;10 or 0;11, infants saw an adult turn to look at an object in an experimental setting. Productive vocabulary was assessed longitudinally through two years of age. Growth curve modeling showed that infants who gaze followed ...
Sakurai Motoichiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) in low-birthweight (LBW) infants affects their growth and developmental prognoses as well as their incidence of adult diseases. The aim of the present paper was to determine the frequency and contributing factors of EUGR in infants > or =32 weeks of gestational age. METHODS: The ...
Madec I - - 2008
Two similar 400-m2 buildings, each housing 8,400 broilers of a commonly used industrial strain, were used to test the effectiveness of the semiochemical treatment known as mother hen uropygial secretion analogue (MHUSA). The birds in 1 building were exposed to MHUSA continuously during a 35-d growing period, whereas those in ...
Dodrill Pamela - - 2008
AIM: This study aimed to document the growth patterns of a contemporary cohort of preterm infants born appropriate for gestational age (AGA). It was hypothesised that preterm AGA (PT-AGA) infants would display poorer growth than full-term AGA (FT-AGA) infants. METHODS: Sixty-four PT-AGA infants and 64 FT-AGA infants were assessed at ...
Dijk, A.J. van
It has since long been demonstrated that perinatal asphyxia in pigs can result in perinatal mortality, decreased viability/vitality at birth and reduced survival rates until 10 days of age. In human perinatology much interest is presently focussed on strategies to prevent adverse outcome arising from birth asphyxia. Given the rather ...
Hracsko Zsuzsanna - - 2008
Intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) is an abnormality of pregnancy. Neonates with IUGR weigh less than the 10th percentile for gestational age. The objective of the study was to identify the relationship between IUGR and the antioxidant status. Cord blood of 157 neonates with normal weight (control group) and 29 neonates ...
Euser A M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In this review, we describe the growth of (very) preterm infants or (very) low-birth-weight infants from birth until adulthood. METHODS: A systematic analysis of growth of these infants is thwarted by different definitions (classification by gestational age or birth weight) used in the literature. RESULTS: The early postnatal period ...
Campos Maribel - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Some small for gestational age (SGA) neonates have a higher weight gain rate than adequate for gestational age (AGA) neonates. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the postdischarge growth of a cohort of very low birthweight infants to determine the percentage of those born SGA that achieve ...
Verkauskiene R - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To establish the role of individual definition of smallness at birth in the association between birth weight and long-term metabolic outcomes. METHODS: Lipid profile and oral glucose tolerance test were performed in young adults (22 years) born either small (SGA) or appropriate for gestational age (AGA). AGA/SGA were defined ...
Iraola Ainara - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To explore the ability of growth velocity and customized standards of fetal weight to predict adverse outcomes in small fetuses delivered at term. METHODS: We evaluated a cohort of 86 consecutive singletons suspected to be small for gestational age during the third trimester (estimated fetal weight <10(th) centile), who ...
van der Meulen Jacques J N M - - 2008
Long-term results after cranioplasty for trigonocephaly often show bitemporal depressions and a residual hypotelorism. Both findings fuel the perception that the growth of the periorbital region and the forehead as a whole continues to be restricted, even after correction. The aim of this study is to evaluate the growth process ...
Hanson Lars A - - 2008
Today the WHO Growth Chart Standards, based on the growth of breastfed infants, are used. These growth curves solve the problem of the deviating observations for breastfed compared to non-breastfed infants using previous growth charts. Presently it is not clear how the mother's diet, especially the fat intake, influences the ...
Touwslager R N H - - 2008
The anthropometric data of a longitudinal growth study on healthy infants, followed from birth until the age of 4 years and performed during 1995-1999 in The Netherlands, were used to analyze the general growth patterns in terms of height, weight and head circumference, based on z-scores, during the first 4 ...
Paul B - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To study the catch up growth among low birth weight infants in relation to the normal birth weight counterparts in first six months of age. METHODS: A longitudinal community based study was done in 2004 -05 in an urban slum of Chetla, Kolkata among 126 singleton live born babies. ...
Ochiai Masayuki - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess risk factors for the growth and development of small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants whose birth weight was less than the 10(th) percentile. PATIENTS AND METHODS: SGA infants who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from 1995 to 1998 were enrolled in the study. Fifty-six SGA infants, ...
Bier Dennis M - - 2008
Compared to other periods of life, infancy is a period of rapid growth, but the relative relationships among rates of linear growth, weight accretion and brain growth vary greatly during the first years of life. Additionally, while the energy requirements for body tissue deposition as a fraction of daily energy ...
Hay William W WW - - 2008
According to many experts in neonatal nutrition, the goal for nutrition of the preterm infant should be to achieve a postnatal growth rate approximating that of the normal fetus of the same gestational age. Unfortunately, most preterm infants, especially those born very preterm with extremely low birth weight, are not ...
Niklasson Aimon - - 2008
Growth charts and child growth assessment have become prime global instruments in child health practice over the 30 years. An updated, continuous growth standard that bridges size at birth values with postnatal growth values can improve child growth screening and monitoring. This novel growth chart was constructed from two sources ...
Pike K C KC Child Health, University of Southampton, Southampton, - - 2008
Clinical and epidemiological studies have established that people who were small at birth and had poor infant growth have an increased risk of adult cardiovascular and respiratory disease, particularly if their restricted early growth is followed by accelerated childhood weight gain. This relationship extends across the normal range of infant ...
Phupong Vorapong V Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Rama IV Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, Thailand. - - 2008
To assess the value of uterine artery Doppler as a screening test for preeclampsia and/or having a small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infant in healthy pregnant women. Color Doppler ultrasound was used to examine both uterine arteries in 400 healthy pregnant women at 24.8 +/- 2.0 (range, 22 to 28) weeks of gestation. ...
Oliveira Mariana G - - 2008
The objective of this article is to describe growth of very low birth weight infants born in southern Brazil. All infants weighing < or =1500 g were followed up until 12 months corrected age (CA). Growth was recorded at 40 weeks, 6 and 12 months CA. Catch up was considered ...
Ziegler Ekhard E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To review existing information regarding protein (and energy) requirements of very low birth weight infants, and to determine whether revisions may be indicated in view of the commonly observed postnatal growth failure, or in view of adverse consequences of accelerated growth. RESULTS: Nutrient requirements of very low birth weight ...
Fanaro Silvia - - 2007
Survival rates for very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight infants have substantially increased during the past few decades. Most of these infants pose new and difficult problems related in particular to neurodevelopmental outcome and growth impairment. In fact, a high percentage of very low birth weight ...
Bertino Enrico - - 2007
There is general agreement about the need for longitudinal studies of very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) to evaluate their postnatal growth and to generate distance and velocity charts that allow neonatologists and pediatricians to detect earlier whether a child is not growing adequately. There are no satisfactory growth charts ...
Thureen Patti J - - 2007
As the threshold of viability decreases, clinicians who care for preterm neonates increasingly are faced with making decisions regarding feeding in a population for which there are no clear guidelines and minimal scientific data to inform optimal nutritional strategies. It is becoming more apparent that the amount of nutrition, as ...
Jones-Smith Jessica C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The associations of birth size, rate of growth during infancy, and odds of childhood overweight have not yet been thoroughly investigated in contemporary cohorts in low- and middle-income countries. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of birth size (using body mass index at birth) ...
Ahn Youngmee - - 2007
A retrospective cohort study was conducted to explore growth variation during the intrauterine and early postnatal period by sex and nature of high-risk factors (i.e. physiological and pathological) in 831 Korean infants at a University hospital. The results showed that infants with a physiological risk showed a more congruent intrauterine ...
Hay William W WW - - 2007
The most commonly recommended standard for postnatal nutrition of very preterm infants is one that meets the unique nutritional requirements of the growing human fetus and duplicates normal in utero human fetal growth (weight and body composition) and development. Normal fetal nutrition, therefore, may be a useful guide for designing ...
Huang Hsin-Ping - - 2007
AIMS: To assess postnatal kidney volume development and to compare the intrauterine and extrauterine kidney growth curves of premature infants. METHODS: One hundred neonates were enrolled in this study, and all infants had their kidney volumes measured by renal ultrasound examination. Group GA consisted of 44 neonates who were evaluated ...
Chu C Y Cyrus CY Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica 128 Academia Road Sec. 2, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan. - - 2008
Mortality is U-shaped with age for many species, declining from birth to sexual maturity, then rising in adulthood, sometimes with postreproductive survival. We show analytically why the optimal life history of a species with determinate growth is likely to have this shape. An organism allocates energy among somatic growth, fertility ...
Rijken, Monique
This thesis describes the results of the Leiden Follow-Up Project on Prematurity (LFUPP): a prospective study in three health regions in the Netherlands, which included all live born infants with gestational age (GA) <32 weeks, born in 1996/1997. Mortality, neonatal morbidity and the neurological examination as well as mental and ...
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