Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1364
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Löfqvist Chatarina C Department of Ophthalmology, Sahlgrenska Academy at Gothenburg University, Göteborg 416 85, - - 2009
In preterm infants, low levels of insulin like growth factor 1 (IGF-I) have been associated with impaired growth and retinopathy of prematurity. Our objective was to study safety and pharmacokinetics of i.v. administered rhIGF-I with its binding protein 3 (rhIGFBP-3) to preterm infants. At 3 d chronological age, an i.v. ...
VanderJagt D J - - 2009
Malnutrition compromises the growth of children in sub-Saharan Africa. In Nigeria, the prevalence of childhood malnutrition approaches 40%. There are few reports relating the growth characteristics of breast-fed Nigerian infants to the anthropometric properties of their mothers. A total of 100 urban and rural mother/baby pairs were recruited. The mean ...
Oldroyd J C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Given the high risk of cardiovascular disease in South Asians and the importance of inflammation in coronary heart disease we tested the hypothesis that circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) would be higher in healthy British born infants of South Asian origin than in infants of European ...
Heltberg Rasmus - - 2009
This paper argues that indicators of anthropometric shortfall - especially low height and low weight-for-age - are uniquely suited for assessing absolute deprivation in developing countries. Anthropometric indicators are relatively precise, readily available for most countries, reflect the preferences and concerns of many poor people, consistent with reckoning the phenomenon ...
Kaukola Tuula T Department of Paediatrics, Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London, - - 2009
We have shown previously that the degree of prematurity affects cortical surface area growth. We now addressed the question whether cortical surface area growth after preterm birth is predicted by the severity of peri- and postnatal illness. Cortical surface area was measured in 269 images from 111 infants born between ...
Morrison Janna L - - 2009
Women at risk of preterm labor are commonly treated with antenatal glucocorticoids to reduce neonatal complications, including respiratory distress syndrome. Despite the benefits of antenatal glucocorticoid for neonatal lung function, they are associated with negative cardiovascular outcomes. Among this population, there is a group of intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses in which ...
Uhing Michael R - - 2009
Most very low birth weight preterm infants experience postnatal growth failure in the neonatal ICU. In an attempt to minimize this phenomenon, the nutritional support of these infants has tended to become more aggressive in recent years and has become a focus of much study. Despite this attention, many questions ...
Yavascan Onder - - 2010
The widespread utilization of prenatal ultrasonography and the detection of antenatal hydronephrosis (AH) have raised the importance of postnatal follow-up of these infants. In this study, we aimed to determine the importance of an early diagnosis for the treatment of urinary tract malformations (UTM) as well as the postnatal evaluation ...
Makhoul Imad R - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The perinatal-neonatal course of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants might affect their childhood growth. We evaluated the effect of parental anthropometry and perinatal and neonatal morbidity of VLBW neonates on their childhood growth. METHODS: We obtained parental anthropometry, height and weight at age 6-10.5 years of 334 children born as VLBW ...
Schooling C M - - 2009
1. In a large, population representative,Chinese birth cohort, higher birth weight and rapid growth, particularly at 0-3 months, were associated with higher body mass index (BMI) at 7 years. 2. Boys born heavy who had grown fast had the highest BMI, but rapid growth had the largest impact in lighter-born ...
Longás Angel Ferrández - - 2009
The definition of a newborn SGA changes depending on which parameter is taken as reference. For the neonatologists who are the first to take care of these newborns the most used parameter in the past has been the weight that should be below the 10 centile for the reference standards. ...
Bertino Enrico - - 2009
It's well known that VLBWI fail to thrive, however it's still unclear how gender, GA and morbidities affect growth pattern: aim of this study is to assess the influence of these factors on weight growth. 262 VLBWI were selected. Weight was recorded daily up to 28 days, weekly up to ...
Garcia Cécile - - 2009
Early growth is of interest because it is susceptible to maternal effects and linked to fitness components for a range of species. Here we present anthropometric measurements on 23 infant olive baboons born into a captive colony in order to describe growth over the first 2 years of life, to ...
Larnkjaer A - - 2009
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: High protein intake has been associated with increased growth. This may be linked to increased concentrations of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), which seems to be influenced by the diet, especially its protein component. The short-term effects of high protein intake in late infancy are not known. The objective ...
Mencarelli Francesca - - 2009
Infants with chronic renal failure (CRF) are at high risk of experiencing severe growth retardation. We report a study of 12 infants with CRF who have been treated with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) since the age of 0.5 +/- 0.3 years. A control group comprised 15 infants with less ...
Franz Axel R - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Extremely preterm infants are at risk for poor growth and impaired neurodevelopment. The objective of this study was to determine whether intrauterine, early neonatal, or postdischarge growth is associated with neurocognitive and motor-developmental outcome in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: Surviving children who were born between July 1996 and June ...
Feldman Ruth - - 2009
Human development is thought to evolve from the dynamic interchange of biological dispositions and environmental provisions; yet the effects of specific biological and environmental birth conditions on the trajectories of cognitive and social-emotional growth have rarely been studied. We observed 126 children at six time-points from birth to 5 years. ...
Varga I I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Early detection of cranial growth defects in childhood is extremely important for subsequent growth, development of head and could be a screening aid for early detection of growth deviations. METHODS: Seven head dimensions and two indexes of 90 Gypsy and 99 non-Gypsy newborns from Slovakia were examined to asses ...
Fitzgerald Charles - - 2009
The Kylindra cemetery on Astypalaia in the Dodecanese, in use 750 BC to 1st century AD, contains a unique skeletal collection. Over 2,400 infant inhumations, each buried in its own clay pot, have been uncovered so far. The skeletal material from each burial is embedded within a ball of accreted ...
Baker M??io Maria Dalva Barbosa - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Growth factor-binding proteins influence the growth of infants starting in utero. Adaptation of the fetus to an adverse uterine environment is associated with changes in the growth hormone-growth factor-insulin axis. AIMS: To evaluate serum levels of IGF-I and IGFBP-3 in small and appropriate for gestational age newborn infants. METHODS: ...
Morris Lee M - - 2009
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Anecdotal reports suggest that maternal steroids may arrest the growth of congenital pulmonary airway malformations (CPAMs), preventing or reversing hydrops. We reviewed our experience with CPAMs to determine the fetal response to steroid therapy. METHODS: This study is a retrospective review of all fetal CPAMs from 2004 to 2008. ...
Kytnarova Jitka J Department of Paediatrics, Charles University in Prague, Czech - - 2009
IGF-I gene polymorphisms might alter IGF-I level resulting in decreased foetal and postnatal growth and increased risk for diabetes mellitus type 2 and cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. We analyzed the association between Cytosine-Adenosine (CA)10-24 repeats polymorphism in promoter region of the IGF-I gene and early growth in infants with birth ...
Shan Hong Mei - - 2009
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) represents the degree of body growth and development decided by genes and by placental function. Extrauterine growth retardation/restriction (EUGR) refers to severe nutritional deficits during the first weeks of life that result in growth that is less than expected based on intrauterine growth rates (growth values ...
Nobili Valerio - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review in order to: i. summarize the relationship between low birth weight, catch-up-growth and the metabolic syndrome, from publications during the past 10 years; and ii. study the potential role of an alternative nutritional approach to side effects of catch-up-growth. METHODS: We reviewed all papers ...
Powers George C - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The goals were to assess postdischarge growth and developmental progress of very low birth weight (birth weight: <1500 g) premature infants in a predominantly Hispanic population and to identify predictors for neurodevelopmental impairment at 3 years of age. METHODS: A cohort of 135 very low birth weight infants (gestational ...
Rizzo Giuseppe - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Aortic isthmus (AoI) velocity waveforms are considered powerful indicators of hemodynamic deterioration in intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses. However, technical difficulties in sampling AoI velocity waveforms from the longitudinal aortic arch (LAA) have limited its clinical application thus far. In this study, we tested the possibility of recording AoI velocity ...
Dawodu A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid economic growth and the recognition of intrauterine growth pattern as an important indicator of neonatal morbidity and mortality, the size at birth relative to gestation for UAE (United Arab Emirates) live births has not been investigated. AIM: The present study evaluated the intrauterine growth pattern of UAE ...
Maruyama Hidehiko - - 2008
Sick preterm infants often have thrombocytopenia at birth, and this is often associated with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), or birth weights less than the 10th percentile. The pathogenesis of the thrombocytopenia and its importance in IUGR are still unclear. We studied the characteristics of preterm IUGR infants with thrombocytopenia. Twenty-seven ...
Pack Latricia D - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Microbial organisms are normally present on human eyelashes. Application of mascara to lashes has the potential to inoculate the mascara tube with microbes. This pilot study of a real-world situation investigated the microbial contamination of 2 brands of mascara used daily for 3 months. METHODS: Forty women between the ...
Lima Leila F R - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The high incidence of respiratory disorders is one of the main problems in perinatal medical care. With the increased use of intubation, the incidence of laryngeal injury causing stenosis has also increased. The principal constriction point in the infant's larynx is the midcricoid area. We sought to provide detailed ...
Pylipow Mary - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the postnatal growth rate of infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with later cognitive function and body mass index (BMI). STUDY DESIGN: Infants with IUGR (<2211 g at > or =37 weeks' gestation) were identified in data from the Collaborative Perinatal Project, excluding those ...
Weisglas-Kuperus N - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of intrauterine and neonatal growth, prematurity and personal and environmental risk factors on intelligence in adulthood in survivors of the early neonatal intensive care era. METHODS: A large geographically based cohort comprised 94% of all babies born alive in the Netherlands in 1983 with a ...
Goto Rie - - 2009
In order to test the impact of Giardia and geohelminthic infection on infant growth faltering in Bangladesh, a randomised double-blind placebo controlled intervention of 36 weeks' duration was conducted in a rural community located 40 km northwest of Dhaka. Infants aged between 3 and 15 months were randomly assigned to ...
Bertino E - - 2008
Very low birth weight (VLBW) infants' survival has greatly increased in the last few decades thanks to the improvement in obstetrical and neonatal care. The correct evaluation of postnatal growth of these babies is nowadays of primary concern, although the definitions of their optimal nutrition and postnatal growth pattern are ...
Sarnat Bernard G - - 2008
This is a review and synthesis of several different studies over a 25-year period on growth of the rabbit snout. Included are growth of the nasal bone region, cellular activity of the cartilaginous nasal septum, growth at the frontonasal suture, growth of the snout after resection of the frontonasal suture, ...
Shibata E - - 2008
Preeclampsia and intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are both associated with abnormal remodeling of maternal spiral arteries perfusing the placental site. This would be expected to be associated with reduced fetal growth, yet only one third of infants of mothers with preeclampsia are growth restricted. Infants with IUGR have decreased concentrations ...
Drougia Aikaterini - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight is associated with altered renal development, adult onset hypertension and renal disease. The aim of this prospective longitudinal study was to estimate the renal growth during the first 2 years of life in small-for-gestational age (SGA) infants of varied gestational age (GA) and with differing degrees ...
Yamada Renato Takeshi - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the influence of IUGR on the concentrations of plasma (Znpl) and erythrocyte (Zne) zinc and on the ratios of Zne to Znpl (Zne:Znpl) and Zne to hemoglobin (Zne:Hb) in term infants during the first month of life. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary Care Neonatal Unit. SUBJECTS: Exclusively ...
Poduval Aruna - - 2008
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Approximately 100,000 infants are born small for gestational age (birth weight <2 standard deviation) annually in the US alone. Because of catch-up growth, 10-20% of all children born small for gestational age will be eligible for growth hormone therapy. Growth hormone has been approved by the Food ...
Reolon R K - - 2008
There have been indications that intrauterine and early extrauterine growth can influence childhood mental and motor function. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of intrauterine growth restriction and early extrauterine head growth on the neurodevelopmental outcome of monozygotic twins. Thirty-six monozygous twin pairs were evaluated ...
South A P - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To examine growth, neurodevelopment and morbidity in infants with gastroschisis. STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled all infants with gastroschisis treated at the North Carolina Children's Hospital from March 2003 through June 2005. Neonatal data were collected. Medical history, growth and neurodevelopment were assessed at 16 to 24 months. RESULT: Of ...
Young Nathan M - - 2008
This article compares ontogenetic shape variation in the scapula of 17 anthropoid species using three-dimensional landmark-based geometric morphometrics. These data are used to investigate functional and phylogenetic signal in the major components of scapular variation and to evaluate the degree to which postnatal growth contributes to interspecific differences in shape. ...
Poorter L - - 2008
A central goal of comparative plant ecology is to understand how functional traits vary among species and to what extent this variation has adaptive value. Here we evaluate relationships between four functional traits (seed volume, specific leaf area, wood density, and adult stature) and two demographic attributes (diameter growth and ...
Iannotti Lora L - - 2008
Little is known about how maternal zinc intake influences growth in utero and in postnatal life in humans. We aimed to assess the effect of maternal zinc supplementation during pregnancy on infant growth through age 1 y. A double-blind, randomized controlled trial of prenatal zinc supplementation was conducted from 1995 ...
Sudjai Dennopporn - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Establish the normative data of fetal superior vena cava (SVC) diameters from 20 to 38 weeks' gestation in Thai fetuses. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Thai pregnant women with normal fetuses were enrolled for 2-dimensional echocardiographic measurements of SVC diameters. All women had good menstrual history and a confirmed gestational age ...
Dixon Bronwyn B Neonatal Service, Christchurch Womens' Hospital, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch, New Zealand. - - 2008
Knemometry has been used to accurately measure linear growth in both neonates and children over the last 20 years. It has been used principally as a research tool. To investigate whether serial measurement of lower leg length (LLL) by knemometry is a useful addition to other measures of growth in ...
Villanueva R D - - 2008
The toxic effects of the water accommodated fraction (WAF) of a natural gas condensate on the larvae of five brooding coral species of the Family Pocilloporidae were examined in short term (96 h) bioassays. Lethality was observed in some larvae of Seriatopora hystrix and Seriatopora guttatus upon exposure to high ...
Loui A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Growth of very low birthweight (VLBW) infants is used to monitor nutrition and intrauterine velocity is taken as the desired goal. AIM: We hypothesised that beside nutrition growth failure is caused by disease severity. METHODS: Prospective longitudinal study of 45 VLBW infants undergoing intensive care, mechanical ventilation was used ...
Njokanma O F - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Postnatal growth monitoring is useful in assessing the health ofpreterm babies but their growth patterns have not been sufficiently studied in Africans. AIM: To describe the growth achievements ofpreterm, low birth weight, appropriately-sized, Nigerian infants. STUDY DESIGN: The subjects were prospectively recruited from two centers Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >