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Smolkin Tatiana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) improves the growth and outcome of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Optimal PN composition, standard (STD-PN) or individualized (IND-PN), is still controversial. AIM: To compare IND-PN and STD-PN as to nutritional and growth parameters, complications and cost. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 140 VLBW infants were studied. ...
van der Lugt N Margreth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia in premature infants is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, but data on long-term outcome are limited. We investigated the effects of neonatal hyperglycemia (blood glucose > or = 10 mmol/l, treated with insulin for > or = 12 hours) on growth and neurobehavioral outcome at 2 years ...
Caino Silvia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Daily changes in height have been found to be a non-linear process. Its exact pattern is still controversial. In previous studies on 34 healthy children aged 0.32-12.99 years, we found that growth is a tri-phasic process: stasis, steep changes (or saltation) and continuous growth. There is very little information ...
Ohkawa N - - 2010
AIM: We investigated the relationship between plasma insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I), leptin, active ghrelin levels, and postnatal growth in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. METHOD: Plasma IGF-I, leptin, and active ghrelin levels were measured at birth and at 2, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after birth in 61 ...
Ortigosa Rocha Cristiane - - 2010
Objective. To compare neonatal morbidity and mortality between late-preterm intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) and appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants of the comparable gestational ages (GAs). Methods. We retrospectively analyzed neonatal morbidity and mortality of 50 singleton pregnancies involving fetuses with IUGR delivered between 34 and 36 6/7 weeks of GA due to maternal ...
Cooke Richard J - - 2010
A clear relationship exists between undernutrition, poorer growth and poor development in term and preterm infants. However, preterm infants are at greater risk than term infants. Undernutrition is more common and 'programmed' growth rates are almost six times faster. Thus, even short periods of nutritional deprivation may have significant effects. ...
Ruth Valerie - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Previous reports indicate that preterm infants with higher baseline heart rate (HR) have greater weight gain than preterm infants with lower baseline HR. To verify this correlation and the potential utility of resting HR as a bench mark for risk of extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR), we studied preterm infants ...
Yinon Yoav - - 2010
Our aim was to define the association between early onset intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR) due to placental insufficiency and hypospadias in males. We prospectively studied a cohort of small-for-gestational age (SGA) male infants with hypospadias managed by a multidisciplinary team over a 5-year period. Thirty SGA male infants were diagnosed ...
Singhal Atul - - 2010
The concept that early growth and nutrition have long-term biological effects is based on extensive studies in animals dating from the 1930s. More recently, compelling evidence for a long-term influence, or programming effect, of growth has also emerged in humans. Substantial evidence now supports the hypothesis that 'accelerated' or too ...
Lucas Alan - - 2010
Whilst growth and its derangement in disease have been a long-standing focus in pediatrics, increasing evidence points to a further, fundamental role of early growth in the programming of later health. In studies on animals and humans, rapid early growth is associated with higher risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease, ...
Narchi Hassib - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Birth weight below the 10th percentile on growth charts based on population norms or small for gestational age (SGA) is associated with adverse perinatal outcome. We compare the association among neonatal mortality, morbidity and SGA as determined by currently used percentiles based on population standards (method A) and customised ...
Sato Kiminori - - 2010
This study aims to clarify the role of the maculae flavae (MFe) during growth and development of the human vocal fold mucosa (VFM). Our current results concerning the MFe in the human newborn, infant, and child VFM are summarized. Newborns already had immature MFe at the same sites as adults. ...
Mayer M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Little is known about spontaneous growth of growth hormone (GH)-deficient children during infancy and childhood. METHODS: Retrospectively, we calculated disease-specific pretreatment percentiles for height, weight, BMI and growth velocity of 113 GH-deficient boys and 41 GH-deficient girls from birth until 7 years of age, by mean and standard deviation. ...
Bozzola Elena - - 2010
The control of growth and nutritional status in the foetus and neonate is a complex mechanism, in which also hormones produced by adipose tissue, such as adiponectin and leptin are involved. The aim of this study was to evaluate levels of adiponectin, leptin and insulin in appropriate (AGA) and small ...
Vaktskjold Arild - - 2010
Surveys in Vietnam have indicated that wasting and stunting have been prevalent among children, but the country is undergoing rapid socio-economic changes and little has been known about the relative situation in the different areas of the country. In 2006, the WHO introduced new growth standards applicable to all infant ...
Sifianou Popi - - 2010
The consequences of in utero growth restriction have been attracting scholarly attention for the past two decades. Nevertheless, the diagnosis of growth-restricted neonates is as yet an unresolved issue. Aim of this study is the evaluation of the performance of simple, common indicators of nutritional status, which are used in ...
Liotto Nadia - - 2010
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with several medical complications before and after delivery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concordance between the fetal ultrasonographic measurement of subcutaneous tissue thicknesses and the skinfold thicknesses assessment in intrauterine growth restricted newborns. We designed an exploratory study. Fetal ultrasonographic ...
Chou I-Ching - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm very low birth weight (PVLBW) infants treated with oral probiotics for the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective follow-up study was performed in a cohort of PVLBW infants enrolled in a single center with a masked randomized control ...
Carceller Ana - - 2009
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether an association exists between exposure in utero and after birth to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) containing protease inhibitors and prematurity, birth weight, and infant growth parameters. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary, university-affiliated hospital in Montreal, Canada. PATIENTS: Cohort of 206 pairs of mothers ...
Diderholm Barbro - - 2009
Glucose is the most important fetal energy substrate. During the third trimester increased maternal glucose production and insulin resistance improves fetal glucose availability. Maternal malnutrition, chronic disease and/or placental dysfunction can disturb glucose delivery, resulting in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and an infant born small for gestational age (SGA). Hypoglycaemia ...
Hellström A A Department of Ophthalmology, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden. - - 2010
Evidence is accumulating that one of the strongest predictors of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), in addition to low gestational age, is poor weight gain during the first weeks of life. In infants born preterm, the retina is not fully vascularised. The more premature the child, the larger is the avascular ...
Miller Jennifer L JL Department of Pediatrics, University of Florida, College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL 32610-0296, USA. - - 2009
Sleep-related breathing disorders are common in individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). The US Food and Drug Administration approved the use of growth hormone in PWS in 2000. Many infants with PWS are being started on growth hormone therapy, but no data exist on the respiratory effects of growth hormone treatment ...
Tikotzky Liat - - 2010
The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between infant sleep patterns and infant physical growth (weight for length ratio) using both objective and subjective sleep measures. Ninety-six first-born, healthy 6-month-old infants and their parents participated in the study. Infant sleep was assessed by actigraphy for four consecutive ...
- - 2009
The original article to which this Errata refers was published in Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2009; 34: 288-296.
Guilloteau P - - 2009
Nutritional programming, regulation and some ways for prevention/treatment to ameliorate or normalize adverse outcomes of programming are discussed. Epidemiological studies in human and animal experiments showed that nutrition during fetal and neonatal life may lead to related disorders in adulthood. But several argues may question its validity arising the question ...
Nommsen-Rivers Laurie A - - 2009
Understanding normal growth for the healthy breastfed infant is an important component of promoting and supporting child health in general and breastfeeding in particular. In this article, we summarize what is known regarding differences in growth between breastfed and formula-fed infants; we describe the development and use of infant growth ...
Narchi H - - 2009
Diabetic pregnancies may result in fetal macrosomia when glycaemia is poorly controlled, and when associated with diabetic vasculopathy, with small for gestational age (SGA) neonates. Both groups of infants have high neonatal morbidity. As fetal growth depends on maternal genetic influences, ethnic group or parity, relying exclusively on population-based growth ...
Ananth Cande V - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Small for gestational age (SGA) can occur following a pathological process or may represent constitutionally small fetuses. However, distinguishing these processes is often difficult, especially in large studies, where the term SGA is often used as a proxy for restricted fetal growth. Since biologic variation in fetal size is ...
Kyriakakou Marialena - - 2009
The role of insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and ghrelin in intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) neonates in comparison to appropriate for gestational age (AGA) ones was investigated. Levels of IGF-1/insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3 (IGFBP3), ghrelin, insulin, and cortisol were determined in 20 singleton, full-term IUGR and 20 respective ...
Lira Pedro I C - - 2010
AIM: To investigate the relation between head growth at different periods and IQ at 8 years, and to identify factors associated with more rapid head growth. METHOD: Two parallel cohorts of term low birthweight (LBW) and appropriate birthweight (ABW) infants were enrolled at birth in northeast Brazil. Anthropometric measurements were ...
Laraway Kelly A - - 2010
We hypothesized that parents of infants prefer growth at higher percentiles and are averse to growth at lower percentiles. Of 279 participating parents, only 10% desired their child's weight to be in the lowest quartile. For children weighing in the lowest quartile, 57% of parents thought their child's weight was ...
Hanicar Branka - - 2009
The objective of this study was to compare the growth of exclusively breastfed infants and formula fed infants in eastern Croatia. Additionally, we compared growth patterns and estimated overweight based on the World Health Organization (WHO) child growth standards and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) references. The growth ...
Brodszki J - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To describe the outcome of growth-restricted fetuses with absent or reversed end-diastolic flow (ARED) in the umbilical artery delivered on fetal indication before 30 gestational weeks. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2004, 42 fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and ARED in the umbilical artery were delivered liveborn by Cesarean ...
De Stefano Gian Franco - - 2009
At the population level international growth references have been widely used as useful tools to assess a number of situations, i.e.: to predict local and general emergencies related to food and nutrition; to assess the equity of distribution of economic resources within and between communities; to evaluate the suitability of ...
Gohlke Bettina C - - 2009
Increasing numbers of extremely low birth weight infants (ELBW, birth weight < 1,000 g) survive. We studied the impact of birth weight, gender, and catch-up growth on metabolic parameters in ELBW infants. Sixty-three ELBW children were investigated at a mean age of 5.8 years. Forty-eight showed catch-up growth. ELBW children ...
Iannotti Lora L LL International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC, - - 2009
Previous growth studies of Peruvian children have featured high stunting rates and limited information about body composition. We aimed to characterize anthropometric measures of Peruvian infants 0 to 12 months of age in relation to the international growth references and biological, environmental, and socioeconomic factors. Infants (n = 232) were ...
Lanigan Julie - - 2009
Nutrition in early life, a critical period for human development, can have long-term effects on health in adulthood. Supporting evidence comes from epidemiological studies, animal models and experimental interventions in human subjects. The mechanism is proposed to operate through nutritional influences on growth. Substantial evidence now supports the hypothesis that ...
Cournil Amandine - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that intrauterine growth restriction followed by rapid post-natal growth is associated with high blood pressure. We assessed the effect of early size and post-natal growth on blood pressure in a population from West Africa, where fetal growth retardation and childhood malnutrition are common. METHODS: A total of ...
Nagaya Ken - - 2009
IGF-II associates with feto-placental growth in rodent and human. We determined three tag-single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to investigate haplotype frequency of IGF2 relative to size at birth in 134 healthy Japanese infants. In addition, a total of 276 healthy infants were investigated to determine whether common genetic variation of IGF2 ...
Salihu Hamisu M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the distribution and success of programmed fetal growth phenotypes among obese women. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using the Missouri maternally linked cohort files (years 1978-1997). Maternal body mass index was classified as Normal (18.5-24.9) (referent group), Obese (class 1, 30.0-34.9; class 2, 35.0-39.9; and ...
Eliakim Alon - - 2009
AIM: To assess the relationships between growth factors, inflammatory cytokines and postnatal bone development in preterm infants. METHODS: Fifty premature infants (24-32 weeks gestational age, mean birth weight: 1,024 +/- 50 g) participated in the study. Bone strength was determined weekly by quantitative ultrasound measurements of bone speed of sound ...
Martin Camilia R - - 2009
The goals of this study were to describe nutritional practices in the first month of life for a large cohort of extremely low gestational age newborns and to determine the impact of these nutritional practices on growth velocity (GV) over the same period. The sample included 1187 infants born at ...
Halliday Henry L - - 2009
Intrauterine or fetal growth restriction is best defined by using customised birth weight percentiles based upon the growth potential for an individual infant. Growth restriction in utero may be classified as asymmetric or symmetric depending upon the duration of the process. Asymmetric growth restriction is caused by placental insufficiency, maternal ...
Ross Erin S ES Section of Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO 80045, USA. - - 2009
Early growth monitoring may not identify infants at-risk for later growth faltering because it is difficult for the provider to recognize how large of a negative shift might be problematic. The aim of this study was to determine whether a slowing in early weight-for-age could be used to identify children ...
Wood Richard J - - 2009
Manganese is an essential mineral nutrient needed for proper fetal development and other important aspects of metabolism. However, manganese excess can have a potent neurotoxicity effect, especially in infants. Little is known about the effects of manganese deficiency or excess on the developing human fetus. The findings of two recent ...
Fuller Bruce - - 2009
Epidemiologists have shown how birth outcomes are generally robust for immigrant Latina mothers, despite often situated in poor households, advanced by their strong prenatal and nutritional practices. But little is known about (1) how these protective factors may differ among Latino subgroups, (2) the extent to which birth outcomes, ongoing ...
Jamjoom Aimun A B - - 2009
Choroid plexus papilloma (CPP) is primarily found in children less than 2 years of age but can also be diagnosed prenatally. The presentation of a large CPP during infancy is not uncommon and surgical excision is usually recommended without delays. As a result, information about the growth rate of CPP ...
Tzschoppe Anja - - 2009
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with an increased risk for short stature and diseases in adulthood thought to be inflicted by fetal programming. We hypothesized that placental endocrine systems involved in perinatal growth might also play a role in postnatal growth after IUGR. In a prospective controlled multicenter study, ...
Ditzenberger Georgia - - 2009
Nutritional support to promote optimal postnatal growth for very low birth weight (VLBW) newborns less than 1500 g at birth during the initial prolonged hospitalization is a significant issue. This article reviews the concepts involved in the nutritional support of VLBW newborns, including definitions and discussions of growth, optimal postnatal ...
Thomas K K Department of Social Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 2PS, - - 2009
Previous studies have suggested that impaired fetal and childhood growth are associated with an increased risk of schizophrenia, but the association of pre-adult growth with non-clinical psychotic symptoms (psychosis-like symptoms) in children is not known. To explore the associations of body size at birth and age 7.5 years with childhood ...
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