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Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2010
This cross-sectional study set out to determine the prevalence, pattern and risk factors for undernutrition during early infancy in a setting with substantial non-hospital births against the backdrop of limited evidence on nutritional status in the first three months of life based on an exclusively breast-fed reference population. Undernutrition based ...
Kimanya Martin E - - 2010
Infants consuming maize-based foods are at a high risk of exposure to fumonisins. This study explored the association between exposure of fumonisins from maize and growth retardation among infants in Tanzania. Mothers of 215 infants consented for their children to participate in this study. We estimated maize intake for each ...
Srinivasan Chandra - - 2010
Somatic growth pattern in infants undergoing staged palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (Norwood procedure [NP], stage 2 palliation [S2P], and Fontan procedure [FP]) during transition toward a more energy efficient series circulation is not well understood. We sought to determine growth pattern in these infants and factors influencing it. ...
Pike Katharine C KC Child Health, University of Southampton School of Medicine, Southampton, - - 2010
Little is known about whether patterns of early growth are associated with altered respiratory and immune development. This study relates prenatal and infant growth patterns to wheeze and atopy at age 3 years. Birth weight and length were measured in 1548 children born at term. Conditional fetal head and abdominal circumference ...
Sameshima Hiroshi - - 2010
To find clinical factors that are associated with poor outcome (death and brain damage) in premature intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) infants. A retrospective study was performed to compare the incidence of poor outcome between 45 IUGR and 203 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants born before 30 weeks of gestation. Foetal tests included ...
Padilla Nelly - - 2010
To evaluate the neurodevelopmental outcome at 12 months' corrected age in preterm infants with and without severe intrauterine growth restriction. This prospective follow-up study included 37 infants with severe intrauterine growth restriction and 36 appropriate-for-gestational-age infants born between 26 and 34 weeks. Neonatal and infant data were prospectively recorded. Infants ...
Kuiri-Hänninen Tanja - - 2011
Transient activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axis is observed in boys during the first months of life. Previous research suggests increased HPG axis activation in premature infants, but the physiological significance of this has not been studied. The objective of this study was to evaluate the differences in reproductive hormone ...
Zmiri Pnina - - 2011
Aim:  We aimed to study the association between day care attendance and changes in the height, weight and weight/height ratio over a 6-month period. Methods:  Data were retrieved from three maternal and child health care centres. Parents were asked to fill a short questionnaire regarding the infant/toddler life style, the ...
D'Inca Romain R INRA, UMR 1079, SENAH, Saint-Gilles, - - 2011
Neonates born after intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) show higher mortality and morbidity and greater feeding problems postnatally. We tested the hypothesis that IUGR affects the intestinal structure, function, microbiology and proinflammatory cytokine expression during the immediate neonatal period. We firstly compared organ weights and intestinal digestive enzyme activities between control ...
Bhatia B D - - 2011
The purpose of this work was to assess the effects of prematurity and intrauterine growth restriction on spinal cord synapses using H-reflex. 33 babies were investigated at birth. 14 were full term appropriate for gestational age (FT AGA), 10 were full term intrauterine growth restricted (FT IUGR) and 9 were ...
Uma Ramalingam - - 2010
The aim of this case-control study was to explore the relation between maternal and infant angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity and its genotypes in uncomplicated term pregnancies (> or =37 weeks) and pregnancies with growth-restricted infants (birthweight at or below the 5th centile). Venous cord bloods and maternal venous samples ...
Hui L L - - 2010
A high rate of infant growth may be associated with adult cardiovascular disease. We investigated factors associated with infant weight growth in a large sample from the recently transitioned population of Hong Kong. We used a nonlinear shape invariant model with random effects among 5949 term, singletons (77% follow-up) from ...
Hay William W - - 2010
Preterm infants require considerably more protein to achieve normal intrauterine growth rates than is commonly fed to them during their first postnatal days. Continuing protein nutrition to maintain normal growth rates often is not achieved until several weeks after birth. Most very preterm infants do not receive the protein necessary ...
Torrance H L - - 2010
To examine the relative importance of antenatal and perinatal variables on short- and long-term outcome of preterm growth restricted fetuses with umbilical artery (UA) Doppler abnormalities. This was a cohort study of 180 neonates with birth weight < 10(th) percentile, gestational age at delivery < 34 weeks and abnormal Doppler ...
Als H H Department of Psychiatry, Children's Hospital Boston, Boston, MA 02115 USA. - - 2011
This study investigates the effectiveness of the Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program (NIDCAP) on neurobehavioral and electrophysiological functioning of preterm infants with severe intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). Thirty IUGR infants, 28 to 33 weeks gestational age, randomized to standard care (control/C=18), or NIDCAP (experimental/E=12), were assessed at 2 ...
Papadimitriou Anastasios - - 2010
CONTEXT: Constitutional advancement of growth (CAG), a.k.a. early growth acceleration, refers to a growth pattern that is characterized by growth acceleration soon after birth, reaching a zenith centile in the first 2 to 4 yr of life and followed by normalization of the growth rate until the onset of puberty, ...
Stefanova Irina - - 2010
Tetraploidy is a very rare finding in live-born infants. Nine infants with tetraploidy have been reported earlier. The phenotype is of variable severity and consists of prenatal and/or postnatal growth retardation, developmental delay, mental retardation, dysmorphic features, and skeletal and internal abnormalities. Here we present a girl aged 2 years ...
Regnault Nolwenn - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Growth velocity in the first months of postnatal life has been associated with later overweight and obesity. OBJECTIVE: We analyzed prenatal and postnatal factors in association with weight, length, and growth velocities in the first 3 mo of life. DESIGN: We estimated weight, length, and instantaneous weight- and length-growth ...
Olusanya Bolajoko O - - 2010
To determine risk factors and adverse perinatal outcomes including nutritional status in the first week of life for newborns with intrauterine growth restriction-low birth weight (IUGR-LBW) in settings lacking facilities for routine intrauterine growth monitoring. A cross-sectional study of all infants in an inner-city hospital in Lagos, Nigeria. IUGR-LBW was ...
McElrath Thomas F - - 2010
We sought to identify risk factors for congenital microcephaly in extremely low gestational age newborns. Demographic, clinical, and placental characteristics of 1445 infants born before the 28th week were gathered and evaluated for their relationship with congenital microcephaly. Almost 10% of newborns (n = 138), rather than the expected 2.2%, ...
Nguyen Diana D Los Angeles Biomedical Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center and David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, - - 2010
Previous studies suggest that prenatal methamphetamine exposure inhibits fetal growth. We examined neonatal growth effects of prenatal methamphetamine exposure in a prospective cohort study. After adjusting for covariates, exposed neonates had a higher incidence of being small for gestational age than unexposed neonates.
Santos Fernando - - 2010
Our aim was to evaluate the growth-promoting effect of growth hormone (GH) treatment in infants with chronic renal failure (CRF) and persistent growth retardation despite adequate nutritional and metabolic management. The study design included randomized, parallel groups in an open, multicenter trial comparing GH (0.33 mg/kg per wk) with nontreatment ...
Bertino E - - 2010
Preterm Infants' survival has greatly increased in the last few decades thanks to the improvement in obstetrical and neonatal care. These neonates constitute the large majority of the population in neonatal intensive care units. The correct evaluation of postnatal growth of these babies is nowadays of primary concern, although the ...
Fanaro S - - 2010
In the last two decades the improved survival of very low birth weight (VLBW) and extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants has underscored the problem of postnatal growth failure of these subjects. Notwithstanding the evident improvements in the general management of these infants during the hospital stay, most of them ...
Claris Olivier - - 2010
The long-term consequences of small size at birth have been well described during the last 2 decades. It is important to assess the fetal growth velocity and to recognize that newborns may have growth restriction even with a normal birth weight. Intrauterine growth retardation suggests decreased growth velocity in the ...
Farina Antonio - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the intergenerational effects on intrauterine growth in pregnant women who were themselves small for gestational age (SGA) at birth. METHODS: A retrospective case control was carried out on infants born in the period 1 January 2009 to 31 March 2009 at the Sant'Orsola Hospital, Bologna. Out of ...
Pohl-Schickinger Anja - - 2010
Patients with cyanotic congenital cardiac disease often develop major aortopulmonary collaterals. Vascular endothelial growth factor is a key promoter of angiogenesis. Its soluble receptor-1 acts as a potent antagonist. We studied 30 infants with cyanotic congenital cardiac disease and 27 infants with acyanotic congenital cardiac disease. Central venous plasma vascular ...
Hui L L - - 2010
BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence that rapid infant growth is associated with subsequent metabolic risk, but less investigation of potential benefits. We tested the life history trade-off hypothesis that rapid infant growth is associated with lower risk of serious childhood morbidity (in particular, infection) proxied by hospital admission. METHODS: We ...
Grellier James - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Exposure to total trihalomethanes in drinking water has been associated with several adverse birth outcomes relating to fetal growth and prematurity. METHODS: We carried out a systematic review and meta-analysis of epidemiologic studies featuring original peer-reviewed data on the association of total trihalomethane exposure and health outcomes related to ...
Burnham Nancy N Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Cardiac Center, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
We sought to estimate the prevalence and identify the predictors of impaired growth after infant cardiac surgery. We performed a secondary analysis of a prospective study of the role of apolipoprotein E gene polymorphisms on neurodevelopment in young children after infant cardiac surgery. Prevalence estimates for growth velocity were derived ...
Villar J - - 2010
Monitoring and interpreting the growth of preterm infants is a major clinical task for neonatologists. The effectiveness of this process depends upon the robustness of the standard selected. Concerns have been raised regarding the nature of the charts currently being used, as well as their appropriateness for present-day neonatal care. ...
D'Inca Romain - - 2010
Neonates with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) are prone to suffer from digestive diseases. Using neonatal pigs with IUGR, we tested the hypothesis that IUGR may induce alterations in the developmental pattern of intestinal barrier and thereby may be responsible for IUGR-associated increased morbidity. Piglets with a birth weight near the ...
Mazariegos Manolo - - 2010
After age 6 mo, the combination of breast-feeding and unfortified plant-based complementary feeding provides inadequate zinc (Zn). Additionally, high phytate intakes compromise the bioavailability of zinc. Our principal objective in this randomized controlled, doubly masked trial was to determine the effect of substituting low-phytate maize, a daily 5-mg zinc supplement, ...
Mestan Karen - - 2010
We sought to determine whether placental markers of intrauterine inflammation were associated with poor weight gain among premature infants in the neonatal period. We reviewed 697 preterm births prospectively enrolled as part of an ongoing molecular epidemiological study. Placental markers and serial weight gain were analyzed for premature infants who ...
Riddle W R - - 2010
To establish a standard for expected growth of premature infants and generate Z-scores based on the standard. Multiple regression and analysis of variance were used to evaluate whether the 10th, 50th, and 90th percentiles of birth weight, head circumference, and length from other studies were statistically different from the percentiles ...
Saluja Satish - - 2010
To evaluate the growth pattern of Very Low Birth Weight (VLBW) infants (birthweight <1500 g) during hospital stay and to compare the growth of Small for gestational age (SGA) and Appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. Prospective observational study. SETTING. Level III Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) in Northern India. ...
van Venrooij Natalie A - - 2010
Low birth-weight infants are at risk for renal disease when renal insults occur in the neonatal period. Renal growth as measured by sonography over time is utilized by many nephrologists as predictors of future renal disease. To identify infants at risk by defining normal renal growth for the very premature ...
Hutcheon Jennifer A - - 2010
Conditional fetal growth percentiles are percentiles that are calculated taking into account (conditional on) an infant's weight earlier in pregnancy. Although they have been proposed in the statistical literature as a more methodologically appropriate method of measuring fetal growth, their ability to predict adverse perinatal outcomes due to fetal growth ...
Constantino John N - - 2010
PURPOSE: Previous research has indicated that children with autism exhibit accelerated head growth (HG) in infancy, although the timing of acceleration varies between studies. We examined infant HG trajectory as a candidate autism endophenotype by studying sibling pairs. METHODS: We retrospectively obtained serial head orbitofrontal circumference measurements of: a) 48 ...
Schreiner Felix - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Low birth weight predisposes to the development of insulin resistance. In addition to auxological parameters such as rapid catch-up growth, low IGFBP-1 serum levels in childhood have been linked to an increased risk of insulin resistance later in life. Concerning postnatal growth, we previously reported the GHRd3-variant to be ...
Whitehouse Andrew J O - - 2010
Fetal androgens influence fetal growth as well as postnatal neurocognitive ability. However, to our knowledge, no published study has prospectively examined the impact of early-life androgens on infant brain growth. We report the association between circulating fetal androgen levels, measured from umbilical-cord blood at birth, and a proxy measure of ...
Ehrenkranz Richard A - - 2010
Extrauterine growth restriction is a common finding among extremely low birth weight infants at discharge from neonatal intensive care units. It has been associated with significant caloric and protein deficits that accumulate during the hospitalization and with slower growth velocity observed with major neonatal morbidities. Recommendations to provide early nutritional ...
Herrmann Kenneth Ross - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Premature infants have uniformly demonstrated growth failure by 36 weeks postmenstrual age. In an evaluation of care quality, the authors tested the hypothesis that premature infants would grow adequately when they received more than 50 kcal/kg per day of parenteral nutrition. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of 84 premature ...
Argente Jes?s - - 2010
Infants with a very low birth weight are at risk of a reduced number of nephrons predisposing to kidney disorder, hypertension, and metabolic syndrome. Approximately 3% of infants are born small for gestational age (SGA), defined as birth weight and/or length at least 2 SD below the mean for gestational ...
Olsen Irene E - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to create and validate new intrauterine weight, length, and head circumference growth curves using a contemporary, large, racially diverse US sample and compare with the Lubchenco curves. METHODS: Data on 391 681 infants (Pediatrix Medical Group) aged 22 to 42 weeks at birth ...
Westerberg Ane C - - 2010
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe first-year growth among very low birth weight infants and the effect of growth restriction at hospital discharge on first year growth. METHOD: Anthropometric measures and background information for 118 very low birth weight infants were collected from medical records. Z-scores were ...
van Buuren Stef - - 2010
Exclusively breastfed (EBF) infants have higher weight gain during the first 2 months, and lower thereafter. The explanation for this phenomenon is not clear. Longitudinal data from the Social Medical Survey of Children Attending Child Health Clinics study with a cohort of 2,151 Dutch children were analyzed according to a ...
Jones R L - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Teenagers are susceptible to delivering small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. Previous studies suggest that maternal growth may contribute, as a result of preferential nutrient partitioning to the mother. We investigated the impact of maternal growth on birthweight in pregnant teenagers in the UK, and examined endocrine mediators of nutrient partitioning. DESIGN: ...
Smolkin Tatiana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN) improves the growth and outcome of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. Optimal PN composition, standard (STD-PN) or individualized (IND-PN), is still controversial. AIM: To compare IND-PN and STD-PN as to nutritional and growth parameters, complications and cost. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 140 VLBW infants were studied. ...
van der Lugt N Margreth - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia in premature infants is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, but data on long-term outcome are limited. We investigated the effects of neonatal hyperglycemia (blood glucose > or = 10 mmol/l, treated with insulin for > or = 12 hours) on growth and neurobehavioral outcome at 2 years ...
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