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Fallahzadeh Mohammad Hossein - - 2012
The pathophysiology of urolithiasis in infancy is not well known. The aim of this study was to investigate whether infants with urolithiasis have higher serum levels of vitamin D, as a possible risk factor for urolithiasis, compared to infants without urinary calculi. In this case-control study, 36 infants with urolithiasis ...
Merewood Anne - - 2012
Background: Concerns over vitamin D deficiency in infants and children recently prompted the American Academy of Pediatrics to recommend increased supplementation. Few studies have examined vitamin D status in the same infants over time. Also, while many researchers label "breastfeeding" as a risk factor for vitamin D deficiency, few differentiate ...
Dawodu Adekunle - - 2012
There are increasing reports of rickets and vitamin D deficiency worldwide. Breastfeeding without adequate sunlight exposure and vitamin D supplementation are the major risk factors. In view of the drive to promote and increase the rate of exclusive breastfeeding, the relationship among maternal vitamin D status, vitamin D concentration of ...
Agarwal Ramesh - - 2012
Objective: To evaluate vitamin D status of preterm and term low birthweight (LBW) and term normal birth weight (NBW; weight ≥ 2500 g) infants at birth and in early infancy.Methods: We enrolled 220 LBW and 119 NBW infants along with their mothers. Blood samples of both infants and mothers were taken within 48 h ...
Trilok-Kumar G - - 2012
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with impaired resistance to infection, which may be mediated by alterations in cytokine responses. We investigated the effect of vitamin D supplementation to infants on whole blood in-vitro cytokine production and on the inflammatory marker, plasma C-reactive protein (CRP).SUBJECTS/METHODS:Blood samples were taken at 6 ...
Guimarães Hercília - - 2012
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains one of the most serious challenges in the care of the very preterm infants, affecting approximately one-quarter of infants born <1500g birth weight and 30% <1000g. Oxygen toxicity may contribute to its pathogenesis. Vitamin A concentrations are lower in BPD infants which may result in a ...
Manaseki-Holland Semira - - 2012
Vitamin D has a role in regulating immune function, and its deficiency is a suggested risk factor for childhood pneumonia. Our aim was to assess whether oral supplementation of vitamin D(3) (cholecalciferol) will reduce the incidence and severity of pneumonia in a high-risk infant population. We did a randomised placebo-controlled ...
Fernandes Taciana Fernanda dos Santos - - 2012
Postpartum vitamin A supplementation is a strategy used to combat vitamin A deficiency and seems to reduce maternal/infant morbidity and mortality. However, studies have shown that a dose of 200 000 IU (World Health Organization [WHO] protocol) does not seem to provide adequate retinol levels in maternal breast milk, infant serum, ...
Abdul-Razzak Khalid K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To assess the presence of an association between vitamin D deficiency and anaemia in Jordanian infants and toddlers, in whom both vitamin D deficiency and anaemia have previously been proved to be common separately. DESIGN: Cross-sectional prospective study. SETTING: Department of Paediatrics, Princess Rahma Teaching Hospital, Jordan. SUBJECTS: Healthy ...
Schimpf Karen - - 2012
During the "Standards Development and International Harmonization: AOAC INTERNATIONAL Mid-Year Meeting" held on June 29, 2011, an Expert Review Panel (ERP) reviewed the method "Determination of Vitamin B12 in Infant Formula and Adult Nutritionals by HPLC." Under the new pathway to Official Methods, the ERP adopted the method as Official ...
Trisconi Marie-José - - 2012
Vitamin A, a fat-soluble vitamin, is essential for health and plays an important part in vision, bone growth, reproduction, regulating the immune system, cell function, and skin health. Due to the advances in technology and the expansion of its uses, LC technologies are being studied for effectiveness in detecting and ...
Vyas Pathik - - 2012
At the "Standards Development and International Harmonization: AOAC INTERNATIONAL Mid-Year Meeting" on June 29, 2011, an Expert Review Panel (ERP) agreed to further examine AOAC Official Method 2011.01, "Determination of Vitamin B12 by Surface Plasmon Resonance," for use with infant formula and adult nutritionals. The original collaborative study was conducted ...
DeVries Jonathan W - - 2012
During the "Standards Development and International Harmonization: AOAC INTERNATIONAL Mid-Year Meeting," held on June 29, 2011, an Expert Review Panel (ERP) reviewed the method for the "Determination of Vitamins A (Retinol) and E (alpha-Tocopherol) in Foods by Liquid Chromatography: Collaborative Study," published by Jonathan W. DeVries and Karlene R. Silvera ...
Güven Ay┼čegül - - 2012
Vitamin D is important for calcium homeostasis, muscle, and bone health. It has also immunomodulatory capacities in vivo and in vitro. Regulatory T cells (Treg) have been found to suppress a number of T cell-mediated immune disorders, including allergic responses and autoimmune diseases. This study aimed to investigate the correlation ...
Guimarães Hercília - - 2012
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) remains one of the most serious challenges in the care of the very preterm infants, affecting approximately one-quarter of infants born <1500g birth weight and 30% <1000g. Oxygen toxicity may contribute to its pathogenesis. Vitamin A concentrations are lower in BPD infants which may result in a ...
Dituri F F Department of Maternal and Child Health, S. Giovanni Calibita Hospital, Fatebenefratelli, - - 2012
As the vitamin K content of human milk is low and the newborn infant's stores of vitamin K are small, vitamin K deficiency with hemorrhage in the newborn is a worldwide problem. Proteins Induced by Vitamin K Absence (PIVKA-II) are the inactive under-γ-carboxylated forms of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors and ...
Shedeed Soad A - - 2012
Increased circulating proinflammatory cytokines may contribute to the pathogenesis of congestive heart failure (CHF). In vitro studies have suggested that vitamin D suppresses proinflammatory cytokines and increases anti-inflammatory cytokines. The aim of this work was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on renin-angiotensin system cytokines as well as ...
Milton J J Department Dietetics, Hammersmith Hospital, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, Du Cane Road, London, - - 2012
  To avoid adverse effects of prolonged bottle use, the recommendations are that full-term babies are introduced to cups from 6 months and discouraged bottles from 12 months old. There are no recommendations for preterm babies. In the UK, the Department of Heath recommends the introduction of vitamin supplements, alongside the transition ...
Thandrayen Kebashni - - 2012
The mother is the major source of circulating 25-OHD concentrations in the young infant. Thus maternal vitamin D status is an important factor in determining the vitamin D status of the infant and his/her risk of developing vitamin D deficiency and infantile nutritional rickets. There is evidence that the supplementation ...
Dawodu A A Global Health Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and University of Cincinnati, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 2048, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2012
Vitamin D deficiency in mothers and infants is a global health disorder despite recognition that it is preventable. Recent data support the theory that vitamin D deficiency in adults and children may increase the risk of infections and auto-immune diseases. In most cases, vitamin D deficiency is caused by sunlight ...
Mactier Helen - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Preterm infants show reduced retinal sensitivity at term corrected age compared with newborn term infants. We tested the hypothesis that retinal sensitivity in preterm infants is improved by early, high-dose vitamin A. STUDY DESIGN: We report a double-blind, randomized controlled trial of infants <32 weeks' gestation and/or <1501 g ...
Eisbrenner Kristen - - 2012
We report on a case of a prenatally diagnosed non-immune hydrops fetalis and cystic hygroma associated with the balanced translocation t(5;9)(q11.2;p22), an association that to our knowledge has not been reported previously. Both parents had normal karyotypes. The infant was born prematurely at 33 and 3/7 weeks gestation and expired ...
Al-Khadra Eman S - - 2012
Herein we describe three infants with the rare presentation of pneumonia with septic shock as their initial medical encounter leading to the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF). At the time of their presentation all three children had significant nutritional deficiency. We initiated an aggressive treatment regimen including nutritional supplementation which ...
Gergely György - - 2012
Theoretical rationality and practical rationality are, respectively, properties of an individual's belief system and decision system. While reasoning about instrumental actions complies with practical rationality, understanding communicative actions complies with the principle of relevance. Section 2 reviews the evidence showing that young infants can reason about an agent's instrumental action ...
Newschaffer Craig J - - 2012
Infant sibling studies have been at the vanguard of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) research over the past decade, providing important new knowledge about the earliest emerging signs of ASD and expanding our understanding of the developmental course of this complex disorder. Studies focused on siblings of children with ASD also ...
Waddell Lisa - - 2012
Although a healthy, varied diet should be sufficient for the majority, certain population groups are at risk of micronutrient deficiencies, particularly young women of childbearing age, whose diets are commonly micronutrient poor and whose requirements increase peri-conceptually and throughout pregnancy and lactation. Infants and young children are also vulnerable to ...
Holscher Hannah D - - 2012
Background: Addition of probiotics to infant formula may positively affect immune function in nonexclusively breastfed infants. This study aimed to investigate the effect of infant starter formula containing the probiotic Bifidobacterium animalis subspecies lactis (Bb12) on intestinal immunity and inflammation. Methods: Six-week-old healthy, full-term infants (n = 172) were enrolled ...
Barnes Margaret - - 2012
Assisted conception is becoming an increasingly more common treatment option for women and couples who experience fertility problems. Links have been made in the literature between assisted conception and a greater incidence of pregnancy or birth complications, low birth weight or premature babies, and babies with congenital abnormalities. In addition, ...
Moe-Byrne Thirimon - - 2012
Glutamine is a conditionally essential amino acid. Endogenous biosynthesis may be insufficient for tissue needs in states of metabolic stress. Evidence exists that glutamine supplementation improves clinical outcomes in critically ill adults. It has been suggested that glutamine supplementation may also benefit preterm infants. To determine the effects of glutamine ...
Guez Sophie - - 2012
In infants, vitamin B12 deficiency may be due to an inborn error of absorption and metabolism, or nutritional problems. An exclusively breastfed 5-month-old Italian male infant, who was born after a normal full-term pregnancy to a vegan mother who was apparently daily treated with a multivitamin oral preparation during the ...
McKay Jill A JA Institute for Ageing and Health, Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom. - - 2012
Inter-individual variation in patterns of DNA methylation at birth can be explained by the influence of environmental, genetic and stochastic factors. This study investigates the genetic and non-genetic determinants of variation in DNA methylation in human infants. Given its central role in provision of methyl groups for DNA methylation, this ...
de Sousa Alexandra - - 2011
Objective  Intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) is a malaria control strategy currently recommended by WHO for implementation at scale in Africa, consisting of administration of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) coupled with routine immunizations offered to children under 1 year. In this study, we analysed IPTi acceptability by communities and health staff. Methods  ...
Franck Linda - - 2011
To determine the effects of acetaminophen and axillary temperature responses on infant sleep duration after immunization. We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to compare the sleep of 70 infants monitored by using ankle actigraphy for 24 hours before and after their first immunization series at ∼2 months of age. ...
Briana Despina D - - 2011
Abstract Objective: To prospectively investigate the potential role of the lectin pathway of complement in intrauterine-growth-restriction (IUGR, associated with impaired immunocompetence and increased risk for neonatal infections), by determining cord blood concentrations of mannose-binding lectin (MBL), H-ficolin and L-ficolin (important mediators of neonatal innate immunity) in IUGR and appropriate-for-gestational-age-(AGA) pregnancies. ...
Ehlinger Elizabeth P - - 2011
Transmission of cytomegalovirus (CMV) via breast milk can lead to severe acute illness in very low-birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infants. Although the majority of CMV-seropositive women shed CMV in milk, symptomatic postnatal infection of VLBW infants occurs infrequently, suggesting that virologic or immunologic factors in milk may be associated with the ...
- - 2011
Neonatal sepsis is a major cause of death and complications despite antibiotic treatment. Effective adjunctive treatments are needed. Newborn infants are relatively deficient in endogenous immunoglobulin. Meta-analyses of trials of intravenous immune globulin for suspected or proven neonatal sepsis suggest a reduced rate of death from any cause, but the ...
Halicioglu Oya - - 2011
Aim: Nutritional vitamin B(12) deficiency in infants may occur because the maternal diet contains inadequate animal products. Clinical presentations of the infants who had nutritional vitamin B(12) deficiency were analyzed in this study. Subjects and Methods: Patients with nutritional vitamin B(12) deficiency were enrolled in the study between 2003 and ...
Navar-Boggan A M - - 2011
Objective:The objectives of this study are to determine immunization rates at discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) among infants 2 months of age and above and to evaluate risk factors for underimmunization.Study Design:A retrospective cohort study was performed for infants in six NICUs in the Northern California Kaiser ...
Zou H - - 2012
Summary.  In infants born to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive mothers, failure after passive-active immunization still occurs. The role of maternal hepatitis B DNA level and other risk factors in this setting remains unclear. This study retrospectively evaluated virologic and other risk factors associated with immunoprophylaxis failure in infants born ...
Fornander Louise - - 2011
Purpose: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of severe respiratory tract infection in infants. The aim was to identify host defence components in nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) from infants with RSV infection and to study the expression of the novel 25 kDa innate immunity protein SPLUNC1. Experimental Design: ...
Faust Kirstin - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Intrapartum colonization with Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is a rare but important risk factor for severe courses of early-onset sepsis (EOS) in the newborn, as underlined in the case of a preterm infant born after 32 weeks of gestation described here. One potential explanation could be an immature immune response ...
Whitlow Pamela - - 2011
With few exceptions, it is currently recommended that all premature infants should receive routine childhood vaccines at the same chronologic age as term infants. Thus, neonatal nurses need to stay current on the recommendations for immunizations commonly used in the NICU setting. It is important for nurses to provide information ...
Prameela K K - - 2011
Essential nutritive and immunological ingredients abundantly present in breastmilk make it the choice infant nutrition. The uniqueness of mother's milk, in contrast to most therapeutics and immunizations, lies in its potential to adapt itself to the requirements of the infant so that timely immune defenses are tapped from its constituents ...
Ewaschuk Julia B - - 2011
It has been unequivocally proven that human breast milk is the ideal source of nutrition for infants. However, mothers of preterm infants face a number of barriers to providing sufficient milk volume to their babies, who are at risk for developing necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Donated milk, distributed through milk banks, ...
Marcello Kirstie R - - 2011
Objective: To determine whether parental characteristics affect estimates of best interests and intervention decisions for preterm infants. Design and Methods: The study consisted of an anonymous questionnaire given to nurses, physicians, and students. The study included scenarios of 3 sets of parents, including a 16-year-old teenager, a couple who were ...
Rodrigues Vera - - 2011
Vitamin B(12) or cobalamin deficiency, a rare clinical entity in pediatric age, is found most exclusively in breastfed infants, whose mothers are strictly vegetarian non-supplemented or with pernicious anaemia. In this article, the authors describe a 10-month-old infant admitted for vomiting, refusal to eat and prostration. The infant was exclusively ...
Rao Manoj V - - 2010
Dorsal hood prepuce is a common congenital anomaly of the penis. Neoplasms of the prepuce are very rarely seen in children. We present an interesting case of a penile myofibroma encountered during circumcision of a dorsal hood foreskin in an 8-month-old infant.
Funkquist E-L - - 2010
 The aim was to evaluate growth and breastfeeding up to 18 months corrected age (CA) among preterm appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants whose mothers initiated breastfeeding during the infants' hospital stay.  One hundred and twenty-seven preterm AGA infants with a median birth weight of 2320 (769-3250) g and gestational age ...
Koo Winston W K - - 2011
Both bone mass by densitometry and speed of sound (SOS) from quantitative ultrasound of the bone (QUS) are directly related to bone strength. However, reports of lower bone mass but higher SOS in neonates with intrauterine growth deficit lead to apparent contradictory conclusions on bone strength. Three groups of infants ...
Kessler David - - 2010
This is a case report of an infant with bony growths and pain. Differential diagnosis of this chief complaint and the management of the suspected condition are discussed. This case was presented at the Section of Emergency Medicine Meeting at the National Conference and Exhibition of the American Academy of ...
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