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Scherjon S A - - 1998
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), occurring preterm, may be related to impaired neurodevelopmental outcome. We measured neurodevelopmental outcome (Hempel examination) at the age of three years in a cohort of infants born between 26 and 33 weeks in 1989. Fetuses were studied haemodynamically, using Doppler ultrasound. The ratio between the umbilical ...
Strauss R S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) on childhood growth and development, controlling for environmental and genetic factors. METHODS: Women and infants enrolled in the National Collaborative Perinatal Project were analyzed. Weight, length, and IQ were assessed at birth and at 7 years in the entire National ...
Norman L J - - 1998
Dietetic care of infants with end stage renal disease (ESRD) involving intensive nutritional support and frequent monitoring in attempts to optimise growth has not been previously quantified. We describe the progress of two male infants born with ESRD due to renal dysplasia. Child A and child B were commenced on ...
Kurzel RB - - 1998
Objective: To show that infants delivered prematurely because of preterm premature rupture of the membranes (PPROM) show a tendency for asymmetric intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR). At the same time, to demonstrate that these pregnancies exhibit nutritional deprivation by the presence of correspondingly smaller placentas, as demonstrated by the placental-fetal ratio.Study ...
Taylor D - - 1998
This paper shows how information on the fatigue behaviour of microcracks can be obtained by the analysis of stiffness changes measured during cyclic loading. Relationships between crack length, growth rate and cyclic stress intensity were deduced, and compared with previous empirical equations. Results show that the crack growth rate decreases ...
Kuhn C M - - 1998
Clinical studies indicate the predominance of psychosocial factors (nurturing environment) in the genesis of the Maternal Deprivation Syndrome. Consequences of disrupting mother-infant interactions range from marked suppression of certain neuroendocrine and physiological systems after short periods of maternal deprivation to retardation of growth and behavioral development after chronic periods. We ...
Johnson D B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To identify nutritional risk factors for growth failure in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) after initial hospital discharge, and to describe growth in and feeding concerns about these infants after discharge to the community. DESIGN: A cohort of 40 infants with BPD was followed up for 7 monthly visits ...
Dewey K G - - 1998
In summary, numerous studies have indicated that the pattern of growth during infancy is influenced by feeding mode. Compared to formula-fed infants, breastfed infants generally gain less weight, particularly after the first few months of life. This appears to be a normal pattern among healthy, thriving infants. Although true growth ...
Mehta S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Clinical assessment of nutritional status of neonate using CAN score and comparison with other methods of determining intrauterine growth. DESIGN: Cross sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital. SUBJECTS: 637 consecutive, liveborn singleton neonates with known gestational age and no major congenital malformation. METHODS: Birth weight, length, midarm circumference and ...
Owen P - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether fetal growth velocity derived from two antenatal ultrasound measurements in the third trimester, 28 days apart, can identify infants born with anthropometric features of intrauterine growth retardation. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Department of obstetric ultrasound, Ninewells Hospital, Dundee. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and seventy four low ...
Winkvist A - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Familial patterns in reproductive outcome have been suggested previously, but few studies have comprehensively evaluated both length of gestation and types of growth retardation. METHODS: Information on intrauterine period and birth characteristics for a cohort of Swedish women born 1955-1972 was linked with information on these women's own reproductive ...
Seeds J W - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine whether the 10th percentile of birth weight for gestational age is appropriate to identify fetuses at risk of death associated with impaired growth. STUDY DESIGN: All live births recorded in Virginia from Jan. 1, 1991, through Dec. 31, 1993, were examined. Percentile growth curves ...
Kaempf D E - - 1998
Lower leg length measurements in 19 healthy preterm infants were obtained by knemometry to assess short term growth. Eight infants received fortified human milk and 11 infants commercially available preterm formulas. Two independent observers measured lower leg length in each infant daily during the study period, weight was measured daily ...
Alkalay A L - - 1998
Intrauterine growth retardation affects approximately 10% of live-born infants. Causes of intrauterine growth retardation are heterogeneous, and frequently the care of these infants poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Diagnosis of impaired fetal growth is an area in which close collaboration among the obstetrician, pediatrician, and dysmorphologist is essential for ...
Michalek J E - - 1998
We studied paternal exposure to Agent Orange and its dioxin contaminant (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) and preterm birth, intrauterine growth retardation, or infant death in veterans of Operation Ranch Hand, the unit responsible for spraying herbicides during the Vietnam war. A Comparison group of Air Force veterans who served in Southeast Asia during ...
Wang Z - - 1998
To assess growth outcomes of VLBW infants using different growth references and to validate the practice of age adjustment for prematurity in the growth assessment for VLBW infants. Longitudinal growth data of 514 VLBW infants from 4 to 36 months of adjusted age were analyzed separately based on chronological and ...
Clark P M - - 1998
To investigate whether recurrent or persistent otitis media with effusion (OME) was associated with particular patterns of fetal growth, we conducted a case control study of 129 children admitted for insertion of grommets and 150 controls. The risk of OME was not statistically significantly related to gestational age or individual ...
Williams K P - - 1998
The objective of this article is to assess in a hypertensive pregnant population the role of ethnic background on the development of small for gestational age (SGA) infants. A cohort population of 366 pregnant women who developed new hypertension in their pregnancy were interviewed and their ethnic groups defined. We ...
Ranly D M - - 1998
Early orofacial development is a period of very rapid allometric growth and specialization of tissue. During the first three years of life, the brain achieves approximately 90% of its growth and the face reaches almost 65% of its adult size. Between birth and three years of age the oral cavity ...
Lemons P K - - 1998
The inability to successfully feed a young infant or child is as worrisome to parents as it is to the health care provider. Early growth failures are likely to reflect difficulty with infant homeostasis and often respond to medical management of the physical problem that is temporarily interfering with the ...
Fuguitt G V - - 1998
"The purpose of this study is to track and contrast the patterns of local concentration and deconcentration in nonmetropolitan America between 1950 and 1996. We consider the growth of places by initial size as well as the growth of population living in the countryside or in unincorporated hamlets.... To determine ...
Bhala A - - 1998
The circulating insulin-like growth factor (IGF) axis consists of the IGF peptides, the IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs), and the IGFBP proteases. Little is known about the IGF axis in newborns, its possible perturbations in sick neonates, and the effect of nutrition on the IGF axis of such patients. The aims ...
Wollmann H A - - 1998
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a frequent cause of perinatal morbidity as well as of impaired growth during childhood. Therefore, a clearcut definition of IUGR to identify those babies at risk is essential: The label IUGR generally should be assigned only to those infants with birth weight and/or birth length ...
de Onis M - - 1998
The aim of this paper is to quantify the magnitude and describe the geographical distribution of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in developing countries. We estimate that at least 13.7 million infants are born every year at term with low birth weight (LBW), representing 11% of all newborns in developing countries. ...
Steinmann G - - 1998
"We propose a model to capture the escape from the Malthusian trap in the longrun. Our aim is to emphasize the key role of endogenous technological progress--as initiated by population growth and education--for longrun economic development. In addition we stress the importance to consider the level of fertility and mortality ...
Lobachevska O V - - 1998
During the growth and development of the sporophytic capsules of some moss species, negative gravitropism is changed for a positive one. Horizontal clinostat rotation induced unregulated growth of the sporophytes and their twisting; some of sporophytes remained straight, however. It has been established that the change of the gravitropic reaction ...
Yoshimura S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between intrauterine growth retardation, represented by fetal blood flow redistribution and infantile growth. METHODS: The blood flow velocity waveform of umbilical and middle cerebral arteries was recorded by Doppler ultrasonography in 77 growth-retarded fetuses. We recorded the pulsatility ...
Iwamoto M - - 1998
J.M. Tanner concluded in 1962 that the growth velocity curve in body weight shows two peaks in primates but only one peak in the other mammals, and that the first peak in primates corresponds phylogenetically to the peak in the other mammals. Many reports on the physical growth of primates ...
Tokieda K - - 1998
We describe a Japanese male infant with mucopoly-saccharidosis type VII (MPS VII) who was born at 32 weeks of gestation presenting as a non-immune hydrops fetalis. His birth weight was 2900 g (+4.1 SD), his birth length was 48 cm (+2.2 SD), and thoracic spine length was 9.5 cm (+2.7 ...
Bakketeig L S - - 1998
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) implies that intrauterine growth has been inhibited and that the fetus has not attained its growth potential. IUGR is a clinical term, and the diagnosis is usually based on small size for gestational age at birth (SGA). However, IUGR is not equal to SGA. Women seem ...
Boehm G - - 1998
The postnatal development of the urea-synthesizing capacity was studied in 21 preterm infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and compared with results found in 12 infants without IUGR as controls. The urea-synthesizing capacity was estimated by the ratio Q of 15N abundance of ammonia and urea in 6-hour urine samples ...
Cance-Rouzaud A - - 1998
Growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) were measured in 90 neonates during the first 5 days of life. Twenty-six small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates were compared with 64 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) neonates. There were no differences in nutritional status between the 2 groups. Mean GH levels were significantly ...
Chien, Hsiu-Chuan.
The purpose of this study was to examine the postnatal growth pattern of very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) infants who were fed parenterally. A retrospective design was implemented. Chart review was the data collection method. A total of 166 VLBW infants without major genetic/chromosomal anomalies, marked fetal malnutrition, and who were not either ...
Bernstein P S - - 1997
We have presented here are a long list of conditions associated with an increased incidence of fetal growth restriction. Missing from much of the literature on FGR are data that would allow more informed counseling of patients in terms of predicting their risk of carrying a pregnancy complicated by FGR. ...
Bos A F - - 1997
The developmental course of the quantitative aspects of early spontaneous motility was studied longitudinally in fourteen intrauterine growth-retarded infants, with a birth weight below the 5th percentile, in relation to perinatal variables, brain ultrasound findings and neurological outcome. Quantitative motility was studied during the preterm period until term age, from ...
Lafeber H N - - 1997
In severe cases of intrauterine growth retardation, elective preterm delivery may provide the possibility for nutritional intervention to prevent some of the long-term consequences of the catabolic condition in utero. Neonatal nutritional management is aimed at providing a high protein intake of up to 4 g/kg/day in order to obtain ...
Lapillonne A - - 1997
Infants born small for gestational age (SGA) are a heterogeneous group. Both the timing and duration of the intrauterine insult determine the physical condition and body composition of the infant at birth. Infants with symmetrical intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) have a similar body composition at birth to weight-matched infants born ...
Premack D - - 1997
Motion is a fundamental source of information for basic human interpretations; it is basic to the fundamental concept of causality and, the present model argues, equally basic to the fundamental concept of intentionality. The model is based on two main assumptions: When an infant perceives an object (1) moving spontaneously ...
Newman D G - - 1997
This prospective study compared 65 small-for-gestational-age (SGA) (birth weight < 3rd centile) and 71 control infants at a corrected age of 4 months. It was hypothesised that differences would exist in growth, development, temperament and minor neurological signs and that these would be predicted by type (proportional/disproportional) of growth restriction ...
Ashworth A - - 1997
Low birth weight has many adverse consequences, some of which might be ameliorated if there is good postnatal compensatory, or catch-up, growth. We monitored growth, morbidity and feeding patterns in a cohort of 133 full-term, low birth weight infants from poor families in Pernambuco, Brazil, and investigated the relative contributions ...
Riikonen R S - - 1997
West syndrome is a strictly age-limited encephalopathy of early infancy with unknown pathogenesis. It is often progressive, leading to mental retardation. Neurotrophic factors are important for the regulation of neuronal survival and differentiation, and their expression is influenced by hormones. Levels of beta-nerve growth factor in the cerebrospinal fluid were ...
Berry M A - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the factors associated with growth of very small premature infants during initial hospitalization. POPULATION: Study patients were 109 infants who were appropriate for gestational age, weighed <1000 g at birth, and were fed intravenous hyperalimentation then calcium-supplemented 81-kcal preterm formula according to a protocol. ANALYSIS: Multiple regression ...
Chatterjee R - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the creamatocrit values of breastmilk at different lactational periods during the first 6 months after delivery and its relation to infant growth. DESIGN: Prospective follow-up study. SETTING: Maternity and well baby clinics of a metropolitan teaching, a rural teaching and a suburban municipal hospital. SUBJECTS: 1322 exclusively ...
Schaap A H - - 1997
AIM: To describe the long term outcome of extremely preterm growth retarded infants in relation to obstetric management and various perinatal events. METHODS: A cohort study was undertaken in two tertiary care centres with different obstetric management. All infants with fetal growth retardation due to placental insufficiency and resulting in ...
Meltzoff Andrew N AN University of Washington, Seattle, - - 1997
A long-standing puzzle in developmental psychology is how infants imitate gestures they cannot see themselves perform (facial gestures). Two critical issues are: (a) the metric infants use to detect cross-modal equivalences in human acts and (b) the process by which they correct their imitative errors. We address these issues in ...
Kriss V M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine any neurosonographic differences between premature intrauterine growth retarded (IUGR) neonates and premature appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the head sonograms of 36 premature IUGR infants and 32 premature AGA matched controls. RESULTS: Seven of the 36 (19%) IUGR infant head sonograms ...
Hermanussen M - - 1997
A novel miniaturization of knemometry for accurate measurements of the lower leg length in prematures, newborns and infants (mini-knemometry), is presented. The study was performed in four healthy neonates, born at term, and one infant, born in the 34th week of gestation, measured daily for periods of 40 days; and ...
Gaillard J M - - 1997
Using the flexible Chapman-Richards model for describing the growth curves from birth to adulthood of 69 species of eutherian mammals, we demonstrate that growth form differs among eutherian mammals. Thereby the commonly used Gompertz model can no longer be considered as the general model for describing mammalian growth. Precocial mammals ...
Dibbern D A DA - - 1997
Intrauterine growth retardation and neurodevelopmental handicaps are common among infants born to HIV-positive mothers and may be due to the actions of virions and/or maternally derived viral products. The viral envelope protein, gp120, is toxic to neurons, induces neuronal dystrophy, and retards behavioral development in neonatal rats. Vasoactive intestinal peptide, ...
Kurniawan Y S - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the Rossavik growth model for predicting birth weight in a Dutch population and to evaluate growth cessation near term. STUDY DESIGN: Birth weight was predicted at various ages between 38 and 42 weeks, menstrual age (MA), and at birth age in 50 normal infants using two sets ...
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