Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 1364
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Hiratsuka M - - 2000
Interferon-alpha (IF alpha) is used for the treatment of myeloproliferative diseases and chronic viral illnesses. Because the agent has antiproliferative activity, its effects on a fetus are a concern. We encountered a 40-year-old Japanese woman who inadvertently received IF alpha during pregnancy for the treatment of HCV hepatitis. The patient ...
Kohelet D - - 2000
Intrauterine growth retardation is frequently associated with intrauterine undernutrition, and can deleteriously affect brain function. Twenty-eight premature small for gestational age infants were compared with 28 premature appropriate for gestational age infants to determine whether intrauterine growth retardation was associated with abnormalities in the auditory pathway in the early neonatal ...
Uauy R - - 2000
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of gestational age and intrauterine growth on the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCP) synthesis from dietary precursors in neonates as reflected by plasma pools. These have been considered conditionally essential nutrients for normal growth, sensory maturation, and neurodevelopment. In vivo ...
Premji S S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the importance of non-nutritive sucking (NNS) in the development of gastrointestinal function and growth in premature infants. DATA SOURCES: A systematic computerized search of MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index of Nursing in Allied Health Literature, Health, Best Evidence, and the Cochrane Library was performed. STUDY SELECTION: The search ...
Gibson A T - - 2000
Growth velocity is higher in late intra-uterine and early post-natal life than at any time thereafter, and accurate measurements are essential for appropriate monitoring. The accuracy with which such measurements are made and recorded is frequently questionable, however, and short- and medium-term changes in growth may be difficult to interpret ...
Hautvast J L - - 2000
Cross-sectional data for breastfed infants in rural Zambia were used to evaluate the effect of applying two different data sets as a reference, i.e. the WHO 12-month breastfed pooled data set and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) growth reference in terms of prevalence of malnutrition (stunting, underweight, and ...
Sherer D M - - 2000
Placental hemosiderin deposition representing intrauterine bleeding at least 24-48 h before delivery is detected frequently in prematurity. The objective of this study was to assess incidence and site of histologic evidence of intrauterine bleeding in association with fetal growth in prematurity. Placentas of consecutive nonanomalous singleton liveborns delivered <32 weeks ...
Laron Z - - 2000
AIMS: Four infants with isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD) and five with Laron syndrome (LS) were studied. Birth length ranged from -2.5 to -4.5 SDS in both groups. RESULTS: Untreated IGHD children decreased in length from -2.5 to -5.2 SDS at 1 y and to -5.7 SDS at 2 y. ...
Kuschel C A - - 2000
This section is under preparation and will be included in the next issue. The main objective was to determine if addition of carbohydrate supplements to human milk leads to improved growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes without significant adverse effects in preterm infants. The standard search strategy of the Neonatal Review Group ...
Jackson A A AA Institute of Human Nutrition, Fetal Origins of Adult Disease Division, University of Southampton, - - 2000
For each individual, the genetic endowment at conception sets the limits on the capacity or metabolic function. The extent to which this capacity is achieved or constrained is determined by the environmental experience. The consequences of these experiences tend to be cumulative throughout life and express themselves phenotypically as achieved ...
Lartey A A Department of Nutrition, Program in International Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616-8669, - - 2000
To examine factors associated with the physical growth of breast-fed Ghanaian infants during the first 18 months of life. A community-based longitudinal study. The study was carried out in Techiman, a district capital and major food trading center in the Brong Ahafo region of Ghana. One-month old infants (n=216) with ...
Ward W E - - 1999
AIM: To characterize the ontogeny of circulating IGF-I, the IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) and biochemical markers of bone turnover in dexamethasone (DEX)-treated preterm infants with chronic lung disease. METHODS: Plasma and urine samples from 17 infants were obtained prior to DEX, after 9-12 days of DEX and 10 days after ...
McCowan L - - 1999
Poor growth in childhood is associated with a number of later complications and early recognition may enable early intervention to improve outcomes. Approximately 20% of small for gestational age (SGA) babies remain small at two years. Most catch up growth occurs in the first 6 months and smallness at 6 ...
Crofton P M - - 1999
In a longitudinal study of 25 preterm infants, we have examined the relationship of bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (ALP), C-terminal propeptide of type I collagen (PICP), N-terminal propeptide of type III procollagen (P3NP), C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen, urinary pyridinoline (Pyd) and deoxypyridinoline (Dpd), with rates of gain in weight, ...
Romagnoli C - - 1999
A randomized study was designed to evaluate the effects of two different dexamethasone courses on the growth of preterm infants. The first phase included 30 preterm infants at high risk for chronic lung disease (CLD). 15 babies (moderately early dexamethasone group) were treated with dexamethasone for 14 days, from the ...
Ozkan H - - 1999
Fetal cord blood IGF-I, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP- 3 levels of appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) babies are studied and followed up for 6-9 months, reevaluated for anthropometric measures and the effects of IGF-I, IGFBP-1 and IGFBP-3 on fetal growth and early catch-up growth is investigated. 23 AGA and ...
Schaap A H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To describe school performance and behaviour of extremely preterm, growth-retarded infants. DESIGN: Cohort study at two tertiary care centres. Included were all surviving, singleton infants (N= 127) with fetal growth retardation due to placental insufficiency. All were delivered by caesarean section because of signs of fetal distress before the ...
Teele R L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: During a study of infants who were being examined for antenatal renal dilatation, we noted that many had growth lines in their proximal femur on postnatal radiographs. We decided to determine the prevalence of growth lines in healthy infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Voiding cystourethrograms of 791 neonates and infants, ...
Bachor E - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To study the histoanatomy and pattern of growth of the cochlear aqueduct in children of different ages. BACKGROUND: Since Du Verney described the cochlear aqueduct in 1684, its form, pattern of growth, patency, and function have been controversial. As most of the previous studies of the aqueduct were performed ...
Neufeld Lynnette - - 1999
Intra-uterine growth retardation (IUGR) is a heterogeneous designation, as seen in the fact that neonatal morbidity and mortality differ for IUGR infants that are disproportionate vs proportionate based on the ponderal index (weight/height(3)). Much less is known, however, concerning the etiology of these two forms. This study tests the hypothesis ...
Ehrenkranz R A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The interpretation of growth rates for very low birth weight infants is obscured by limited data, recent changes in perinatal care, and the uncertain effects of multiple therapies. OBJECTIVES: To develop contemporary postnatal growth curves for very low birth weight preterm infants and to relate growth velocity to birth ...
Kimble R M - - 1999
Infants with upper gut atresia often have impaired intrauterine growth and gut function. IGF-I is important in fetal growth and is contained in amniotic fluid. We therefore wanted to test the hypothesis that IGF-I infused into fetal gut would reverse the effects of an upper gut obstruction on gut structure ...
Swaminathan M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Fetal measurement of transverse cerebellar diameter (TCD) has been shown to correlate well with gestational age (GA), even in the presence of growth retardation. The aim of this study was to define the normal range of TCD in preterm neonates in an Australian population between 23 and 32 weeks ...
Kato N - - 1999
In order to clarify the characteristics of the physical growth of Japanese infants up to 1 year of age, the data of 3183 infants from 53 hospitals in Japan were collected. Percentile values were calculated from the measurement of body weight, recumbent length, and head circumference, with some additional data ...
Zhang H - - 1999
In this paper, we study the effect of cocaine use by a pregnant woman on the growth of her infant after birth. Using a data set from a retrospective study, we found that cocaine use was a marginally significant contributor to the infant growth as measured by bodyweight. From a ...
Liu Y X - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate early linear growth retardation and to identify potential risk factors for it. METHODOLOGY: A community-based prospective study was performed in Chongqing, China, with infants being examined at 12 and 15 months of age. A total of 101 infants were examined twice. ...
Owen P - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether single or serial estimates of both the amniotic fluid index (AFI) or pulsatility index (PI) of the umbilical artery Doppler waveform can usefully identify infants with anthropometric features of intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). METHODS: A total of 274 women underwent serial antenatal ultrasound examinations at predetermined ...
Kaempf D E - - 1999
A newly developed knemometric device for lower leg length measurement in premature and newborn infants is presented and validated. The present study was performed to establish a standardized method of use of this instrument. Two independent observers obtained 10 subsequential readings per measurement in three infants over 43 days, after ...
Roth S - - 1999
The objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that neurodevelopmental outcome would differ between two groups of small-for-gestational age infants born at term showing different in utero growth characteristics during the third trimester. The design was a prospective cohort study done at a tertiary referral centre. The 76 ...
Lunn P G - - 1999
Parasite-specific plasma immunoglobulins have been used to indicate the presence of Giardia intestinalis infection in 60 infants living in a rural area of The Gambia. Infants were studied longitudinally between 2 and 8 mo of age. The median age for first exposure to G. intestinalis was between 3 and 4 ...
Jones J N - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether small for gestational age (SGA) infants show changes in lipid metabolism that could distinguish growth-restricted subpopulations. METHODS: Sera from the arterial cord blood from 38 SGA infants were analyzed for apolipoprotein A-I level, total lipid content, and distribution of those lipids as triglycerides, diglycerides, free fatty ...
Jaruratanasirikul S - - 1999
A 2 year longitudinal study of the growth of 147 low birthweight (LBW) < 2,500 g infants who had no known factors disturbing growth was conducted. The infants were divided into 6 groups according to birthweight and maturity: group 1--appropriate for gestational age (AGA) with birthweight < 1,500 g (n ...
Böhler T - - 1999
In order to optimize the nutrition of high-risk premature infants beyond the early postnatal period, a more precise knowledge of individual nutritional requirements is needed. We therefore studied the influence of intrauterine growth retardation on energy expenditure and nutrient utilization determined by indirect calorimetry and fecal fat excretion (steatocrit) in ...
Duvanel C B CB Department of Pediatrics and the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois, Lausanne, - - 1999
To investigate the effects of neonatal hypoglycemia on physical growth and neurocognitive function. A systematic detection of hypoglycemia (<2.6 mmol/L or 47 mg/dL) was carried out in 85 small-for-gestational-age preterm neonates. Prospective serial evaluations of physical growth and psychomotor development were performed. Retrospectively, infants were grouped according to their glycemic ...
Kramer M S - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Previous etiologic studies have defined intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) based on a single cutoff. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relative importance of known etiologic determinants for different degrees (mild versus severe) and timing (preterm versus term) of fetal growth restriction. DESIGN: Hospital-based cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary-care university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five ...
Vindla S - - 1999
Unstimulated (passive) and stimulated behaviour, in the form of fetal heart rate (FHR) and activity (FA)) was studied in 32 normal fetuses and 14 fetuses with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). FHR and FA were recorded using a single 1.5 MHz ultrasound transducer and analysed by computer. A 5 s vibroacoustic ...
Bhalla A K - - 1999
OBJECTIVE:To study distance and velocity growth pattern of mid-upper-arm-circumference in Punjabi infants. DESIGN: Longitudinal, monthly follow up. SETTING: Growth clinic and homes of subjects. SAMPLE: One hundred and fifty four (Male 86, Female 68) Punjabi infants weighing more than 2.5 kg at birth with gestation over 37 weeks. METHODS: Every ...
Shareef M J - - 1999
Opportunistic microorganisms produce significant morbidity and mortality in preterm and term infants. Because of the heightened susceptibility of infants to opportunistic fungal infections, neonatal lymphocytes were assessed for their capacity to inhibit the growth of Candida albicans. Lymphocytes from both preterm and term cord blood demonstrated significantly less effect upon ...
Gortner L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: There still is a controversy as to the neonatal outcome of small for gestational age (SGA) infants compared to a appropriate for gestational age (AGA) preterm infants. As a part of a randomized multicenter trial on timing of bovine surfactant therapy, we aimed at investigating short-term outcome variables in ...
Brewster J A - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine any adverse outcome to infants born to mothers with Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APS). DESIGN: Case control study with retrospective data collection and prospective pediatric review. SETTING: Regional Recurrent Miscarriage Clinic based at a University Teaching Hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Infants (n = 62) of mothers with APS, compared to 124 ...
Hata T - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate individualized growth assessment using the Rossavik growth model for detection of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants with a poor perinatal outcome. METHODS: Rossavik growth models derived from second-trimester ultrasound measurements were used to predict birth characteristics of 47 singleton SGA infants. Individual fetal growth curve standards ...
Gray P H - - 1999
The placentas of 68 infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) were examined for evidence of impaired uteroplacental circulation and compared with those of 65 appropriately grown infants. Infarcts and/or accelerated villous maturation were present in the placentas in 27 (40%) of the infants with IUGR compared with seven (11%) of ...
Meegan M - - 1999
Growth monitoring was introduced into most developing countries in the 1970s with the aim of combating under nutrition in infancy and childhood. Ten years later analysis showed weight charts were not completed satisfactorily and not used in decision making. Although growth monitoring is now seldom mentioned in nutrition studies, the ...
Molina-Font J A - - 1998
Essential factors for normal fetal growth include the correct utilization by the fetus of a suitable supply of energy and plastic nutrients, together with the adequate genic expression of the factors promoting tissue growth and an optimal hormonal framework. The nutritional state and welfare of the mother, the endocrine changes ...
Hediger M L - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To compare the growth profiles of infants and young children born small for gestational age (SGA, < 10th percentile birth weight for gestation) or large for gestational age (LGA, > or =90th percentile) with those appropriate for gestational age, and to document the expected growth patterns through early childhood ...
van der Veen W J - - 1998
Frisbie, Forbes, and Pullum (1996) show that it is meaningful to account for low birth weight, preterm delivery, and intrauterine growth-retardation when analyzing differences in compromised birth outcomes and infant mortality among racial and ethnic groups. I compare their findings for the 1987 U.S. birth cohort with findings for the ...
Frisbie W P - - 1998
In a recent article (Frisbie, Forbes, and Pullum 1996) we documented racial/ethnic differences in birth outcomes according to a more fine-grained classification than has typically been employed in the demographic literature. In his commentary, van der Veen focuses on the measurement of one of the dimensions of that classification, maturity ...
Saks E - - 1998
This report describes a case of apparent confined placental mosaicism for trisomy 8 in a pregnancy which produced a male infant with intra-uterine growth retardation. Postnatal cytogenetic and molecular studies were consistent with biparental disomy 8. Postnatally, the infant experienced a period of rapid catch-up growth and exhibited no clinical ...
Ryan S - - 1998
In preterm neonates a large skeletal mineral deficit builds up between birth and 40 wk postconception. During the phase of catch-up growth between 40 and 60 wk postconception there is a catch-up in peripheral skeletal mineralization, so that by the age of 1 y the skeletal mineral content is similar ...
Lin Y J - - 1998
The effects of dexamethasone therapy on calcium homeostasis and bone growth were evaluated in 49 infants (24 placebo and 25 dexamethasone) who participated in a double-blind trial of early dexamethasone therapy for the prevention of chronic lung disease. Dexamethasone (0.25 mg kg(-1) b.i.d. on d 1-7; 0.12 mg kg(-1) b.i.d. ...
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