Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1360
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
Gordon P V - - 2001
Focal small bowel perforation (FSBP) is a life-threatening event that predominantly affects extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Histopathology from surgical specimens of ileum with FSBP shows a healthy mucosa overlying a thinned muscularis with segmental degeneration. Clinical data strongly support an association between early postnatal administration of dexamethasone (EPD) ...
Steward D K - - 2001
Nutritional management of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants involves promoting growth at rates that mimic intrauterine rates. Nutritional intake at the recommended energy level to promote growth results in fat accretion at levels that exceed intrauterine rates for fat accretion. The respiratory quotient (RQ), the ratio of carbon dioxide ...
Villó N - - 2001
The case is reported of a full term infant with severe microcephaly, overlapping sutures, prominence of the occipital bone, and scalp rugae. No other associated malformations were observed. The only obstetric history of interest was the performance of cordocentesis at 21 weeks gestational age because of low maternal alpha fetoprotein ...
Massin M M - - 2001
Heart rate variability (HRV), a measure of cardiac autonomic control, was analyzed in infants to assess the hypothesis that early undernutrition may induce autonomic dysfunction that could play a role in the programming of later cardiovascular disease. HRV data were collected during a night session in 546 healthy infants at ...
Indorf C - - 2001
The National Center for Health Statistics/Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth reference is routinely used to monitor Yupik infant growth although Yupiks are ethnically different from the population from which the reference was developed. To clarify interpretation of Yupik infant growth data for clinical practice and public health assessment, ...
Godfrey K M - - 2001
It is now becoming accepted that birth size per se is too crude an outcome measure to be used for the assessment of optimal intrauterine growth and development, and that a new vision of optimal fetal development is required for the 21st century. This will need to take account of ...
Shimazu T - - 2001
Growth and development of etiolated pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Alaska) and maize (Zea mays L. cv. Golden Cross Bantam) seedlings grown under simulated microgravity conditions were intensively studied using a 3-dimensional clinostat as a simulator of weightlessness. Epicotyls of etiolated pea seedlings grown on the clinostat were the most ...
Paz I - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the long-term cognitive outcome of small for gestational age (SGA) compared with appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants. DESIGN: Data from the Jerusalem Perinatal Study was matched with information from the army draft medical board. SGA and severe SGA were defined as birth weight below the 10th ...
Mamelle N - - 2001
Identification of newborn babies with fetal growth restriction remains a problem both from the multi-factorial aspect of fetal growth and from statistical definition. Besides the usual terms: "Small for gestational age" (SGA) and intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), often used synonymously, the term "fetal growth retardation" was recently introduced in reference ...
Krivan V - - 2000
In this paper we study optimal animal movement in heterogeneous environments consisting of several food patches in which animals trade-off energy gain versus predation risk. We derive a myopic optimization rule describing optimal animal movements by fitness maximization assuming an animal state is described by a single quantity (such as ...
Wasiluk A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: alpha 1-antitrypsin (A-1-AT) is an acute-phase protein. It is present in plasma and other extracellular fluids and in human trophoblastic tissue. It accounts for 80 to 90 per cent of antiprotease reactions occurring in plasma. It has the ability to greatly affect enzyme activity and plays an important role ...
Pyle G M - - 2000
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Large vestibular aqueduct syndrome (LVAS) is a significant cause of hearing loss in early childhood. Many theories on the origins and causes of LVAS have been proposed, including arrest or maldevelopment of the vestibular labyrinth in embryonic life. Prior studies have described postnatal and adult vestibular aqueduct anatomy, but ...
Ong K - - 2000
Experimental rodent studies demonstrate that insulin-like growth factor II (IGF-II) promotes fetal growth, whereas the nonsignaling IGF-II receptor (IGF2R) is inhibitory; in humans their influence is as yet unclear. A soluble, circulating form of IGF2R inhibits IGF-II mediated DNA synthesis and may therefore restrain fetal growth. We measured cord blood ...
Agostoni C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The growth of infants with atopic dermatitis (AD) has been poorly investigated based on the early type of feeding. The aim of this study was to assess the growth pattern of AD infants during the first 12 months of life in comparison to healthy infants, according to the early ...
Eriksson J - - 2000
The association between low birth weight and raised blood pressure has been extensively replicated. Little is known about the way childhood growth modifies the effects of low birth weight. We report on the fetal and childhood growth of 1958 men and women who received treatment for hypertension and belong to ...
Ley D - - 2000
Postnatal growth from birth up to 7 y of age was evaluated in 151 children with varying degrees of intrauterine growth retardation who were previously examined in their intrauterine life with Doppler velocimetry of the thoracic descending aorta. The children with abnormal fetal aortic blood flow class (BFC), of which ...
Williams M C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate associations between chorioamnionitis and fetal growth restriction in infants enrolled in the Collaborative Perinatal Project. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 2579 nonanomalous, singleton infants delivered at 28 to 44 weeks' gestation with chorioamnionitis were matched 1:3 for ethnicity, gestational age, parity, and maternal cigarette ...
Arifeen S E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Relations between size and maturity at birth and infant growth have been studied inadequately in Bangladesh, where the incidence of low birth weight is high and most infants are breast-fed. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to describe infant growth patterns and their relations to birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, ...
Mathur N B - - 2000
The objective of our study was to evaluate biochemical indicators of protein adequacy and the growth pattern in very low birthweight infants, weighing less than 1500 g, who were exclusively breastfed by their mother in the first 4 months of infancy in a tertiary level referral neonatal unit. The study ...
Kurl S - - 2000
AIM: To examine the hypothesis that, apart from prematurity, intrauterine growth status (expressed as gestational age specific birth weight standard deviation scores), neonatal factors, and duration of dexamethasone treatment influence bone mineralisation in early infancy. METHODS: In this prospective study, groups consisted of 15 preterm small for gestational age infants ...
Dashe J S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of head circumference to abdomen circumference (HC/AC) asymmetry among small for gestational age (SGA) fetuses, and to determine the likelihood of adverse outcomes among asymmetric and symmetric SGA infants compared with their appropriate for gestational age (AGA) counterparts. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we ...
Zamboni G - - 2000
To gain a better understanding of the growth of athyreotic newborns in the first weeks of life, we evaluated auxological parameters and determined the serum levels of growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and free IGF-I, and IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) in 15 hypothyroid infants (10 females) at a ...
Seeds J W - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine the risk of fetal death associated with augmented fetal growth. STUDY DESIGN: All live births recorded in Virginia between January 1, 1991, and December 31, 1993, were examined. Mortality rates were examined for infants born at or beyond 24 weeks' gestational age with weights ...
Mercuri E - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the study were to establish the relationship between head growth in the first year of life with the pattern on injury on neonatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) and to relate these to the neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: Fifty-two term infants who ...
Davidovitch M - - 2000
We compared growth parameters in infants with language delay to those in children with global delay and to typical controls. Thirty infants with expressive language delay and 36 with combined expressive and receptive language delay were compared with 27 infants with general development delay and with 124 controls. Data on ...
Hytinantti T - - 2000
AIM: To study the relation between fetal growth and markers of collagen metabolism and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) in term infants. METHODS: Cord vein plasma was obtained from 67 term infants of gestational age 37.1-41.7 weeks (39 appropriate for gestational age (AGA), 11 large for gestational age (LGA; ...
Kuczmarski R J - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: This report presents the revised growth charts for the United States. It summarizes the history of the 1977 National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) growth charts, reasons for the revision, data sources and statistical procedures used, and major features of the revised charts. METHODS: Data from five national health ...
Ross J T - - 2000
In the sheep there is a rapid increase in fetal adrenal growth and steroidogenesis during the last 10-15 days gestation (term = 147+/-3 days gestation). In the rat, peptides derived from the N-terminal region of POMC play a role in compensatory adrenal growth and in potentiation of ACTH-induced steroidogenesis. We ...
Coy K - - 2000
This study sought to determine whether psychosocial variables (parent-infant feeding interactions, infant temperament, maternal social support, family socioeconomic status) are important in predicting the physical growth of infants with orofacial clefts, after controlling for selected medical variables (infant health status, cleft diagnosis, and previous weight). Infant growth (weight-to-height zscores) was ...
Ishijima K - - 2000
Eleven normal human temporal bone-eustachian tube (ET) specimens obtained from 11 individuals whose ages were 3 months to 88 years were studied to investigate the path length along the ET lumen and its postnatal development by means of a computer-aided 3-dimensional reconstruction and measurement method. The path length of the ...
Ehrenkranz R A - - 2000
Advances in perinatal medicine will continue to improve our care and increase our understanding of the unique nutritional requirements of the VLBW infant and especially of the ELBW infant. Developments that permit neonatologists to meet those nutritional needs should improve the growth and well-being of VLBW infants. Longitudinal growth curves ...
Karlberg J - - 2000
It is well known that some adult diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, may be programmed during foetal life. It is not clear, however, whether final height may be predicted from foetal growth. A longitudinal cohort of full-term healthy Swedish babies (n = 3,650) was followed up from birth to maturity ...
Minior V K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of the neonatal nucleated red blood cell (NRBC) count as an independent predictor of short-term perinatal outcome in growth-restricted fetuses. METHODS: Hospital charts of neonates with a discharge diagnosis indicating a birth weight <10th percentile were reviewed for perinatal outcome. We studied all eligible neonates ...
Makhoul I R - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the transverse cerebellar diameter (TCD) in preterm and term neonates with normal growth or growth restriction. METHODS: TCD was sonographically measured after birth in 404 neonates born between 23 and 42 weeks of gestation. The study included two groups: Group 1: 334 appropriately grown for gestational age ...
Gutbrod T - - 2000
AIMS: To investigate the effects of small for gestational age (SGA) in very low birthweight (VLBW) infants on growth and development until the fifth year of life. METHODS: VLBW (< 1500 g) infants, selected from a prospective study, were classified as SGA (n = 115) on the basis of birth ...
Hübler A - - 2000
This report presents changes of IGFs and IGFBPs in a female infant with partial trisomy 9q in the 12th week of life. Studying deficient growth in this hypoplastic infant (birth weight 1405 g, birth length 36 cm) with dysmorphic features, the following changes in IGFs and IGFBPs were detected (microg/l): ...
Mongelli M - - 2000
Recent epidemiological and experimental studies show that abnormal fetal growth can lead to serious complications, including stillbirth, perinatal morbidity and disorders extending well beyond the neonatal period. It is now clear that the intrauterine milieu is as important as genetic endowment in shaping the future health of the conceptus. Maternal ...
Rigo J - - 2000
Environmental factors, nutritional supplies, hormonal status, diseases, and treatments appear to affect postnatal skeletal growth and mineralization in VLBW infants. Compared with their term counterparts, ELBW infants are at risk of postnatal growth deficiency and osteopenia at the time of hospital discharge. From recent data, DXA is becoming one of ...
Kalhan S C - - 2000
Although extensive data are available on the impact of nutrient and protein administration on growth, plasma amino acids, and nitrogen balance in the newborn and growing infants, relatively few studies have carefully examined the dynamic aspects of protein metabolism in vivo and particularly in the micropremie or ELBW infant. These ...
Fraser D - - 2000
Giardiasis is a common protozoan infection, with varying clinical manifestations. We investigated the associations between Giardia lamblia carriage and environmental, family, illness, and growth characteristics. Bedouin infants (n=234) were followed from birth to age 18-23 months. At monthly home visits, stool samples were obtained, history of illness was determined, and ...
Strauss R S - - 2000
CONTEXT: Although studies have documented cognitive impairment in children who were born small for gestational age (SGA), other studies have not demonstrated differences in IQ or other cognitive scores. The need exists for long-term studies of such children to assess functional outcomes not measurable with standardized testing. OBJECTIVE: To determine ...
Lunn P G - - 2000
Poor growth performance during infancy and early childhood is a frequent fact of life in most developing countries. Work in The Gambia has demonstrated that more than 43 % of observed growth faltering during the first 15 months of life can be explained by the presence of a mucosal enteropathy ...
- - 2000
An international effort is underway to develop a new international growth reference for assessing the growth of young children, especially breastfed infants who appear to falter relative to the currently recommended National Center for Health Statistics/World Health Organization reference. While limited data from high socioeconomic status children from different parts ...
Tam, Y. M
(Uncorrected OCR) Abstract of thesis entitled The relationship of growth with nutrition and serum growth factors in the early life Submitted by Selene Y. M. Tam for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Hong Kong in August 1999 The aim of this thesis is to explore ...
Hwang K - - 2000
Browsing through some literatures, I happened to find out some records on the rite of imitation of the child's head to brachycephaly. In 1976, two skulls showing extraordinary forms were excavated out of an ancient tomb at Yean village of Daedong township in Kimhae County in Kyungnam Province, the Republic ...
Seminara S - - 2000
The statural catch-up growth, defined as reaching at least tenth length/height percentile (P10) for normal population standards (-1.28 SD score, SDS), was studied in 73 infants short at birth (length < P10 for gestational age) admitted to NICU. Mean gestational age at birth was 35.2 weeks (range 29-41) and mean ...
Hiratsuka M - - 2000
Interferon-alpha (IF alpha) is used for the treatment of myeloproliferative diseases and chronic viral illnesses. Because the agent has antiproliferative activity, its effects on a fetus are a concern. We encountered a 40-year-old Japanese woman who inadvertently received IF alpha during pregnancy for the treatment of HCV hepatitis. The patient ...
Kohelet D - - 2000
Intrauterine growth retardation is frequently associated with intrauterine undernutrition, and can deleteriously affect brain function. Twenty-eight premature small for gestational age infants were compared with 28 premature appropriate for gestational age infants to determine whether intrauterine growth retardation was associated with abnormalities in the auditory pathway in the early neonatal ...
Uauy R - - 2000
The present study was designed to evaluate the effect of gestational age and intrauterine growth on the long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCP) synthesis from dietary precursors in neonates as reflected by plasma pools. These have been considered conditionally essential nutrients for normal growth, sensory maturation, and neurodevelopment. In vivo ...
Premji S S - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the importance of non-nutritive sucking (NNS) in the development of gastrointestinal function and growth in premature infants. DATA SOURCES: A systematic computerized search of MEDLINE, the Cumulative Index of Nursing in Allied Health Literature, Health, Best Evidence, and the Cochrane Library was performed. STUDY SELECTION: The search ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >