Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 1367
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Gervelas C - - 2002
We have studied the cytostatic effects of sodium phenylacetate (NaPA) in association with several substituted dextrans on human tumor melanoma 1205LU cells. We show that NaPA alone inhibits the growth of these cells (IC50 = 3.9 mM) while a weak inhibitory effect appears at a concentration of 37 microM (10 ...
Cole T J - - 2002
To produce a modification of the British 1990 weight reference reflecting the growth of long-term breastfed infants. 120 infants from the Cambridge Infant Growth Study fed breast milk (with no formula) for at least 24 wk, with solids introduced at a mean age of 15 wk, were weighed every 4 ...
Vatten Lars J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether preeclampsia influences insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1), and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), independent of its effect on birth weight. METHODS: Cord blood was collected in 12,804 consecutive deliveries. We identified 258 preeclamptic pregnancies that were subclassified as mild or ...
Brune Thomas - - 2002
OBJECT: To investigate the influence of HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelet count) pregnancies on the postpartal course and further development of the neonate. METHODS: The postnatal course and further development up to 4 years of age of 43 infants after pregnancies complicated by HELLP syndrome were evaluated. ...
Steward Deborah K - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the growth of extremely low-birth-weight (ELBW) infants during hospitalization in terms of weight gain, growth velocity, and relative change in weight. DESIGN: Retrospective, descriptive design. SETTING: Two neonatal intensive-care units located in the midwestern United States. PATIENTS: Thirty-five ELBW infants with a birth weight less than 1,000 ...
Peter I - - 2002
A sample of 1931 Israeli infants was measured for body weight (WT), length (HT) and head circumference (HC) for approximately 2 years. The Count model with 3 parameters was chosen as the best fitting and most parsimonious function to approximate growth of all 3 studied traits. In the model parameter ...
Rosti L - - 2002
The objective of this study was to evaluate growth in infants with d-transposition of the great arteries (d-TGA) who underwent switch operation (anatomical correction) in the early neonatal period. Growth data (at birth and 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months of age) were retrieved in 23 infants with d-TGA ...
Thorp James A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of antenatal and postnatal corticosteroids on head circumference growth and weight gain from birth to discharge. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of nonanomalous newborns admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from 23 to 34 6/7 weeks of gestation. Independent variables included maternal age, ...
Karatekin Güner - - 2002
AIM: The aim of this study is to show that the Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status (CANS) score is an effective method to diagnose fetal malnutrition (FM) in term newborns and to monitor the catch-up growth of fetal malnourished newborns. METHODS: A group of infants have been screened at birth ...
Espo M - - 2002
Stunting is common among children under 5 y of age in sub-Saharan Africa. Several risk factors have been associated with poor growth but few studies have prospectively addressed the development of linear growth faltering and stunting during the first year of life. The present study was designed to analyse typical ...
Verkauskiene R - - 2002
The aim of this study was to describe the heterogeneity in body proportions of infants born small for gestational age (SGA), defined by birthweight, and to study the relationship of placental size with neonatal anthropometric measurements. Anthropometry was evaluated in 107 symmetrically and asymmetrically growth-retarded infants born SGA (birthweight <-2 ...
Pena-Almazan S - - 2001
Birth length has been reported to be either normal or reduced in infants with congenital GH deficiency (CGHD). We evaluated 46 infants with CGHD followed in a single regional medical center. All were born full term and had peak GH of less than 10 microg/liter after provocative stimulation. Length SD ...
Eregie C O - - 2001
This paper presents the development of reference standards for head circumference (HC), length and mid-arm circumference/head circumference (MAC/HC) ratio for the evaluation of exclusively breastfed infants. A total of 219 exclusively breastfed term appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants were studied and analysed from 1 June 1995 to 31 May 1997 at ...
Hikino S - - 2001
GH and IGF-I are important for physical growth. We measured serum levels of these factors in preterm infants. The study population (n = 81) was divided into three groups according to the gestational age. We evaluated differences in serum GH and IGF-I levels among groups with regard to physical growth ...
Niknafs P - - 2001
The article describes the development of ultrasound tables for biparietal diameter (BPD), femur length (FL), abdominal circumference (AC), and head circumference (HC) for fetuses in Iran. It was attempted to determine if racial differences exist between Iranian and Australian fetuses in ultrasound measurements of BPD, HC, AC, and FL. The ...
Doménech E - - 2001
AIM: To study the relationship between zinc, insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I), osteocalcin and perinatal growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anthropometric variables, serum levels of IGF-I, osteocalcin and zinc were measured in preterm (PT) appropriate for gestational age (AGA), full term (FT) small for gestational age (SGA) and FT AGA newborns at ...
Schwietert C W - - 2001
Dietary titanium as TiO2+ improved animal growth during infancy while inhibiting the metabolism of intestinal bacteria. TiO2+ was also found capable of inhibiting human cytomegalovirus in tissue culture. These and other findings indicate TiO2+ improves infant growth by acting as an antibacterial and antiviral agent. The behavior of TiO2+ stands ...
Cock M L - - 2001
1. Epidemiological evidence indicates that low birthweight increases the risk of a number of adult-onset diseases. It is now apparent that many babies with a low birthweight may have been subjected to a combination of reduced growth rates in utero as well as preterm birth. However, the long-term effects of ...
Rehan V K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The diaphragm is the major inspiratory muscle in the neonate; however, human neonatal diaphragm development has not been extensively studied. We hypothesized that diaphragm thickness (t(di)) would be positively related to postmenstrual age (PMA), body weight, body length, head circumference, and nutritional intake. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the evolution of ...
Cheung Y B - - 2001
This study tests the hypothesis that size at birth is associated with diarrhoeal incidence from birth to 24 mo of age, and the hypothesis that diarrhoeal incidence from birth to 24 mo is associated with body size at age 24 mo. This is a longitudinal study of 1476 infants born ...
Denne S C - - 2001
Although protein and energy requirements in healthy growing and enterally fed infants are relatively well established, the nutritional requirements of extremely low birth weight infants are considerably less certain. New and emerging data in ELBW infants suggest high rates of energy expenditure and protein losses, which results in significant nutritional ...
He M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Observe the growth pattern of infants from birth to 18 months. METHODOLOGY: A prospective study was conducted from 1994 to 1996 in urban and township-rural areas of Guangdong Province, southern China, recruiting 568 and 257 newborn infants, respectively. Anthropometric data was collected at birth, 1.5, 4, 5, 6, 8, ...
Fewtrell M S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) term infants are at risk of long-term growth deficits. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to test the hypothesis that postnatal growth in SGA term infants can be altered by dietary intervention and to examine whether there is a critical window for nutritional programming of the growth trajectory during ...
Buchmiller-Crair T L - - 2001
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) affects almost 10% of infants born in the United States. It may be responsible for delayed gastrointestinal function and is an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. The New Zealand White rabbit provides an optimal model for the study of naturally occurring IUGR. At term, ...
Heird W C - - 2001
The usual recommendation for feeding preterm infants is to provide sufficient nutrients to support rates of growth and nutrient accretion equal to intrauterine rates. However, most preterm infants don't tolerate feedings immediately and, therefore, incur significant deficits prior to achieving sufficient intake to support growth. Furthermore, unless they receive nutrient ...
Lapillonne A - - 2001
Because of the rapid rate of growth during infancy, and the potentially deleterious effect of differences in the availability of dietary essential nutrients, growth is an important outcome variable in any study assessing a diet designed for infants. Nearly 10 yr after the first demonstration of reduced growth in preterm ...
Lee M J - - 2001
Our objective was to assess the perinatal management and neonatal outcomes of premature, severely intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) neonates. A cohort of neonates <1000 grams, < or = first percentile for weight, and <37 weeks' gestation was identified and matched 2:1 to two control sets of premature, appropriate-for-gestational age (AGA) infants-one ...
Doctor B A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the current perinatal correlates and neonatal morbidity associated with intrauterine growth failure among neonates born at term gestation. STUDY DESIGN: We compared 372 small for gestational age (SGA, birth weight <10th percentile) infants born at term gestation to 372 appropriate for gestational age controls (AGA, ...
Moore L G - - 2001
Chronic hypoxia at high altitude restricts fetal growth, reducing birth weight and increasing infant mortality. We asked whether Tibetans, a long-resident high-altitude population, exhibit less altitude-associated intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and prenatal or postnatal reproductive loss than Han (ethnic Chinese), a group that has lived there for a shorter period ...
Kajantie E - - 2001
Monitoring postnatal growth in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is complicated by the difficulty of obtaining reliable measurements. A need thus exists for safe and reliable indicators of such infants' short-term growth velocity. We set out to study whether markers of type I collagen synthesis [amino-terminal propeptide of type ...
Trkulja V - - 2001
Hemicastration induces growth of the remnant ovary in the rat. As evidenced by the effects of total abdominal vagotomy, vagal innervation markedly influences this compensatory ovarian growth. In the present experiments, vagotomy inhibited compensatory ovarian growth when performed immediately after hemicastration, but not when delayed until 4.5 hr after hemicastration. ...
Lackman F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to examine regulatory linkages between fetal oxygenation and fetal and placental growth. We determined umbilical cord PO (2) and oxygen saturation, fractional oxygen extraction, and birth to placental weight ratio values in relation to size at birth for a large tertiary hospital population delivering at term. ...
Pridham K F - - 2001
In this exploratory study we examined the contribution of biologic and experiential conditions to the pattern of growth in weight for premature and full-term infants. The three components of the pattern were: (a) the infant's weight level; (b) the linear growth rate; and (c) the quadratic growth rate. Biologic conditions ...
Mayhew T M - - 2001
Villous trophoblast growth and deposition of perivillous fibrin-type fibrinoid were examined in human placentas from 10-41 weeks of gestation. The main aims were: (1) to study growth of different trophoblast domains implicated in epithelial turnover (proliferation, differentiation, extrusion, denudation); (2) to test predictions about relationships between fibrinoid deposits and intervillous ...
Orgeur P - - 2001
Genetic improvement in sows' prolificity is limited by their milk capacities, which do not allow all piglets to survive or grow normally. This experiment compared the behaviour, growth and immune responses of piglets that were weaned early at 6 days of age (EW) vs. control Large White piglets' (C) suckled ...
Wu T Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: To understand the growth patterns of Chinese-American infants from birth to 1 year old. METHODS: Retrospective cohort design comparing the growth patterns of 163 Chinese infants living in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and 158 Chinese infants living in Taipei, Taiwan. All infants were born at full-term, without major medical illnesses. ...
Lundgren E M - - 2001
Infants born small for gestational age (SGA) have an increased risk of neurologic and intellectual dysfunction. Most of these infants catch up in growth and attain normal height, although some do not. Whether catch-up growth influences intellectual function is not known. To analyze whether intellectual and psychological performance of males ...
Schaap A H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of antenatal corticosteroids on mortality, morbidity, and disability or handicap rate in early preterm, growth-restricted infants. METHODS: This case-control study in two tertiary care centers included all live-born singleton infants with growth-restriction due to placental insufficiency, who were delivered by cesarean because of cardiotocographic signs ...
Bellisari A - - 2001
Serial anthropometric data were obtained during the first year of life of six nursery-reared infant gorillas in the Columbus (Ohio) Zoo. Two of the infants are likely to be monozygotic twins as determined by DNA analysis. Growth curves were fitted to serial measures of cephalo-thoracic-abdominal length, arm length, leg length, ...
Heinonen S - - 2001
The objective of the study was to investigate the association between placental weight and birthweight in appropriate (AGA) and small for gestational age (SGA) infants. Placental weight, birthweight and their ratio in chromosomally normal singleton pregnancies with SGA (n=1569) and AGA (n=15 047) infants were compared, and their determinants were ...
Johnson A W - - 2001
Russell-Silver Syndrome (RSS) is a rare cause of pre-natal dwarfism, associated with recognizable dysmorphic features and limb asymmetry. The propositus was a term infant of unrelated Nigerian parents, whose 35-year-old mother had peri-conceptual haloperidol for schizophrenia. Anthropometric values suggested severe prenatal stunting in a term infant with asymmetric "head sparing" ...
Saarela T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The serum concentration of the N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP) reflects the synthesis rate of type I collagen, whereas the corresponding C-terminal telopeptide (ICTP) mirrors its degradation. DESIGN: PINP and ICTP were measured in a total of 690 cord serum samples from 592 appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants and ...
Ayatollahi S M - - 2001
Currently there are no growth charts based on local norms available for infants in Iran, and their growth is assessed by the National Centre for Health Statistics (NCHS) reference data, which is misleading. Growth charts for a cohort of 317 infants (164 girls and 153 boys) born in Shiraz (Southern ...
Wijnberger L D - - 2001
In a study of endogenous nitric oxide production in growth-retarded, very preterm newborns (<32 wk GA), urinary NOx/creatinine ratio and plasma guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate levels were determined during the early neonatal period. Newborns were divided into three groups: appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA, n = 19), moderately small-for-gestational-age (SGA, n = 13) and ...
Viscardi R M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether placental lesions are risk factors for neurologic morbidities in intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) infants, we compared the incidence of cranial ultrasound (CUS) abnormalities and the number and type of placental lesions in IUGR cases and gestational age-matched appropriate for gestational age (AGA) controls. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective ...
Bottini E - - 2001
We have studied cytosolic low molecular weight phosphotyrosine phosphatase (cLMWPTP or ACP1) in 364 healthy puerperae from the population of Penne, in 155 diabetic puerperae from the population of Rome and in 349 consecutive normal newborn infants from the population of Rome. The data from these independent samples point to ...
Kajantie E - - 2001
Disorders affecting fetal growth are commonly associated with premature birth. IGFs and their binding proteins (IGFBPs) are potent regulators of fetal growth. In vitro evidence suggests that they regulate collagen turnover. Collagen turnover can be monitored by serum markers of type I collagen synthesis (PINP) and degradation (ICTP) and a ...
McDade T W - - 2001
The fetal and early infant origins of a number of adult cardiovascular and metabolic diseases have received considerable attention, but the long-term consequences of early environments for human immune function have not been reported. We investigated the effects of pre- and postnatal environments on thymic hormone production in adolescents participating ...
Lackman F - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the null hypothesis that size at birth relative to fetal or neonatal growth standards is not a significant variable related to the risk of spontaneous preterm delivery. STUDY DESIGN: This was a hospital-based cohort study of consecutive births at a tertiary ...
Portinaro N M - - 2001
The anatomy and development of the growing acetabulum are not clearly understood. We dissected and studied histologically two acetabula from the pelvis of a three-month-old infant. Relative rates of growth at the different growth plates were assessed by comparing the height of the proliferative layer with that of the hypertrophic ...
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